ื‘ืจืžื” ืขื•ืœืžื™ืช ื ื•ื“ื“ื™ื ื“ืจืš ื•ื™ื ื™ืคื’

ื‘ืจืžื” ืขื•ืœืžื™ืช ื ื•ื“ื“ื™ื ื“ืจืš ื•ื™ื ื™ืคื’

ืื ื”ื™ื™ืช ืžืฆื™ื‘ ืืช ืžืจื›ื– ืืžืจื™ืงื” ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™ืช, ื”ื•ื ื”ื™ื” ื ื•ืคืœ ื‘ื•ื•ื™ื ื™ืคื’. ื–ื”ื• ืจืง ืื—ื“ ืžืชื•ืš ืจืฉื™ืžื” ืฉืœ factoids ื›ื™ ืจื‘ื™ื ืฉืœ 821,000 ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ืžืŸ ื”ื”ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืžื ื™ื˜ื•ื‘ื” reel ืขืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ ืฉืœื”ื. ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื™ืชืจ? ื’ื™ื‘ื•ืจื• ืฉืœ ืื™ืืŸ ืคืœืžื™ื ื’, ื’'ื™ื™ืžืก ื‘ื•ื ื“, ื”ืชื‘ืกืก ืขืœ ืžืจื’ืœ ืืžื™ืชื™ ืฉืœ ื•ื™ื ื™ืคื’; ื–ื• ื”ื™ืชื” ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืœืืžืฅ ืืช ืžืกืคืจ ื”ื˜ืœืคื•ืŸ ืฉืœ 911 ื—ื™ืจื•ื; ื•ื–ื” ืžืฉืื™ืœ ืืช ืฉืžื• ืขืœ ื”ืื”ื•ื‘ ื•ื™ื ื™ ื”ื“ื•ื‘ (aka ื•ื™ื ื™ืคื’ ื“ื•ื‘).

ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ืืœื” ืื™ืŸ ืฆื•ืจืš ื›ืืœื” superlatives ืœืžืฉื•ืš ืชืฉื•ืžืช ืœื‘. ืœืžื”? ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ืžืขื ื’ืช ื”ื–ื• - ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื” "ืคื’ - ื”ื™ื ื™ืขื“ ื ื”ื“ืจ ื‘ืคื ื™ ืขืฆืžื”. ื•ื›ื ืจืื”, ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืžืชืขื•ืจืจื™ื ืกื•ืฃ ืกื•ืฃ ืœืงืกืžื™ื” ืฉืœื”: ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ื ื™ื ื—ื“ืฉื ื™ื™ื ื•ืคืœืื™ื ืืจื›ื™ื˜ืงื˜ื•ื ื™ื™ื, ืžืกืขื“ื•ืช ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื•ืช, ืื™ืจื•ืขื™ ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ืžื”ื ื™ื ... ื›ืœ ืืœื” ืžืžื•ืงืžื™ื ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ื”ืงืฉืจ ื”ืžืคืชื” ืฉืœ ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื”ืจื•ืขืฉืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ.

ืคื•ืจืงืก

ื›ื“ื™ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ืžืกื‘ื™ื ืฉืœืš, ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ื‘ืืชืจ ืคื•ืจืงืก ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™, ื”ืžืžื•ืงื ืœื™ื“ ืฆื•ืžืช ืฉืœ ื”ื ื”ืจื•ืช ื”ืื“ื•ื Assiniboine (win-nipi ื”ื•ื ืงืจื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจ 'ืžื™ื ื‘ื•ืฆื™ื™ื'). ื‘ืžืฉืš 6000 ืฉื ื™ื, ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ืฆื•ืžืช ื”ืžืกื—ืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืขืžื™ื ื™ืœื™ื“ื™ื ื•ื‘ืžืื” ื” -19 ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ืžืจื›ื– ื”ืžืกื—ืจ ืคืจื•ื•ื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืฉืชื™ ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ืžืชื—ืจื•ืช, ืžืคืจืฅ ื”ื“ืกื•ืŸ ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” (ืœื•ื ื“ื•ืŸ, ืื ื’ืœื™ื”) ื• ืฆืคื•ืŸ ืžืขืจื‘ ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” (ืžื•ื ื˜ืจื™ืื•ืœ). ื‘ื”ืชื™ื™ื—ืกื• ืœืขื•ืฉืจ ื”ืžื“ื”ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื‘ืชื—ื™ืœืช ื”ืžืื”, ื”ื ื”ืื•ืจื•ื•ืช ืฉื”ื•ืกื‘ื• (ืฉื•ื›ืŸ ืฉื•ืง ืคื•ืจืงืก) ืฉืฉื™ืžืฉ ื‘ืขื‘ืจ ืืช ื”ื‘ื ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ืกืžื•ืš, ืชื—ื ืช ื”ืื™ื—ื•ื“ ื”ืžืจืฉื™ืžื”.

ื‘ื—ื•ืจืฃ, ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื ื”ืจื•ืช ื”ื ืงืคื•ืื™ื, ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ ื–ื•ื’ ื’ืœื’ื™ืœื™ื•ืช ื•ืœื”ืฆื˜ืจืฃ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ื”ืจื“ื™ ื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ื ืœื”ื—ืœื™ืง ืœืื•ืจืš 6 ืง"ืž ืื• ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื”ืจื‘ื” ืื“ื•ื ื ื”ืจ ื”ื ื”ืจ ืฉื‘ื™ืœ. ื•ืื– ืœืฉื‘ืช ืขืœ ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ ืžืœืื›ื” ืžืŸ ื”ืžืฉื•ืชืฃ ืฉืœ ืคื•ืจืงืก, ื•ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืžืชื•ืš ื›ืœ ืžืกืคืจ ืฉืœ ื“ื•ื›ื ื™ ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื“ืจ ื›ื™ ืชื›ื•ื ื” ืžืื›ืœื™ื ืžืื ื™ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื.

ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœื•ืช

ืขื•ืฆื‘ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœ ื”ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ ืื ื˜ื•ืืŸ ืคืจื“ื•ืง, ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ืงื ื“ื™ ืœื–ื›ื•ื™ื•ืช ืื“ื ื”ื•ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืืฉืจ ื‘ื ื™ื™ืŸ, ื”ื™ื ื—ื•ื•ื™ื” ืžืจื’ืฉืช ื•ืžืจื’ืฉืช ืœื”ืคืœื™ื. ืœืืคืฉืจ ืœืคื—ื•ืช ื—ืฆื™ ื™ื•ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉื•ื˜ื˜ ื”ืจืฆืคื•ืช ืฉืœื” ืœื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืขืœ ื”ืกืจื˜ ื”ืžื•ืงืœื˜. ื”ืชืขืจื•ื›ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื“ืจื•ืช ืœืคื™ ื ื•ืฉืื™ื, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื™ืœื™ื“ื™ื, ืžืกืขื•ืช ืงื ื“ื™ื™ื ื•ื”ืฉื•ืื”. ื”ืžืกืข ื”ืคื™ื–ื™ ืžืฉืงืฃ ืืช ื”ืคืกื™ื›ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ ืฉืœ ืžืืกืจ ื•ื—ื•ืคืฉ: ืืชื” ื ื›ื ืก ืœื’ืœืจื™ื•ืช ื—ืฉื•ื›ื•ืช ืœืคืขืžื™ื, ื•ืื– ื™ื•ืฆื ืืœ ื”ืื•ืจ ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™. ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื”ืกืชื•ื‘ื‘ื• ืœืื•ืจืš ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ ื”ื”ื˜ืกื” ืฉืœ ื–ื™ื’-ื–ื’ื’, ืงื—ื• ืืช ื”ืžืขืœื™ืช ืืœ ืžื’ื“ืœ ื”ืชืงื•ื•ื”, ืฉื ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœืžืฆื•ื ืืช ืขืฆืžื›ื ืžืชื‘ื•ื ื ื™ื ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื ื•ืคื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ.

ืืœ ืชืขื–ื‘ื• ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ: ืชื›ื ื ื• ืืจื•ื—ื” ื‘ืžืกืขื“ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ, ERA Bistro. ื–ื” ืžืœื•ื˜ืฉ, ืžืจื—ื‘ ืžื™ื ื™ืžืœื™ืกื˜ื™ ื™ืฉ ืื•ื•ื™ืจื” ื ืคืœืื” ื•ืื•ื›ืœ ื˜ืขื™ื ื›ื™ ืชื›ื•ื ื•ืช ืžืงื•ืจื•ืช ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื, ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ื™ื ื•ื‘ืจ ืงื™ื™ืžื.

ื‘ื•ื ื™ืคืืก ื”ืงื“ื•ืฉ

ื ื•ืกื“ื” ื‘ืฉื ืช 1818, ืฉื›ื•ื ื” ื–ื• ื”ื™ื ื›ืขืช ื”ื‘ื™ืชื” ืœืื—ื“ ื”ืงื”ื™ืœื” ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ Mitoba ื”ืงื”ื™ืœื•ืช ื”ืคืจืื ืงื•ืคื•ื ื™ื•ืช ื•ื”ื•ื ื”ืœื‘ ืฉืœ ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ืฆืจืคืชื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืื–ื•ืจ. ื”ืงืคื™ื“ื• ืœื‘ืงืจ ืืช ื”ืงืชื“ืจืœื” ื”ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื”, ื‘ื–ื™ืœื™ืงืช ื‘ื•ื ื™ืคืืก ื”ืงื“ื•ืฉ ื•ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ืงื‘ืจื• ืฉืœ ืœื•ืื™ ืจื™ืืœ, ืžื ื”ื™ื’ ืžื˜ื™ืก ืฉื”ื™ื” ืื—ืจืื™ ืขืœ ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื” ืฉืœ ืžื ื™ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื›ืžื—ื•ื–. ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื˜ื™ื™ืœ ืœืื•ืจืš ืฉื“ืจืช ืคืจื•ื‘ื ืฆ'ืจ ื•ืœืฉืชื•ืช ืขืœ ืงืจื•ืืกื•ืŸ ืฉื•ืงื•ืœื“ ืžืื—ื“ ืžื‘ืชื™ ื”ืงืคื” ื”ืจื‘ื™ื.

ืžื—ื•ื– ื”ืžื—ื•ื–

ืžืจื›ื– ื”ืขื™ืจ ืฉืœ ืžื—ื•ื– ื”ืžื—ื•ื– ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœื“ืคื•ืง ื”ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ืฉืœืš (ื•ืืช ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื”) ื—ื ื•ืŸ ื’ืจื‘ื™ื™ื ื”ื ื—ื”. ื”ื•ื ื ืงืจื ืขืœ ืฉืžื• ืฉืœ ื•ื™ื ื™ืคื’ ื’ืจื’ืจื™ื Exchange, ืžืจื›ื– ืฉืœ ืงื ื“ื” ืฉืœ ืชืขืฉื™ื™ืช ื”ืชื‘ื•ืื” ื‘ืกื•ืฃ 1800. ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ 1900s ืžื•ืงื“ื ื•ื™ื ื™ืคื’ ื”ื™ืชื” ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ื’ื•ื‘ืจืช ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืจื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืฆืคื•ืŸ ืืžืจื™ืงื” (ืœืคื ื™ ืชืขืœืช ืคื ืžื” ื ื‘ื ื” ื‘ืฉื ืช 1914 ื• ื•ื™ื ื™ืคื’ ื›ื‘ืจ ืœื ื”ื•ื‘ืœื” ื•ื”ืคืฆื” ืฉืขืจ). ืœื ื™ื™ืืžืŸ, ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื™ืžื™ื• ืฉืœ ื•ื™ื ื™ืคื’ ื”ื™ื• ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื™ืœื™ื•ื ืจื™ื ืœื ืคืฉ ืžืืฉืจ ื ื™ื• ื™ื•ืจืง.

ื‘ื•ื ื”ื‘ื ื™ื™ืŸ ืจืื” ืคื™ืฆื•ืฅ ืฉืœ ื‘ื ื™ื™ื”: ืœืฉื•ื˜ื˜ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ื›ืžื” ื’ื•ืจื“ื™ ืฉื—ืงื™ื ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืฆืคื•ืŸ ืืžืจื™ืงื” ืฉืชื•ื›ื ื ื• ื‘ืกื’ื ื•ืŸ ืฉื™ืงื’ื• ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืกืคืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืืจื›ื™ื˜ืงื˜ื•ืจื”; ื•ืื– ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืืช ืื‘ื ื™ ื”ื—ืŸ ื”ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœื™ ื”ื‘ืจื•ื˜ืœื™ืกื˜ื™ ื”ืžื“ื”ื™ื ืฉืœ ืฉื ื•ืช ื” -60, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื‘ื ื™ื™ืŸ ื•ืขื“ืช ื”ื—ืงืœืื•ืช ื”ืงื ื“ื™ืช ื•ืžืจื›ื– ื”ืชื™ืื˜ืจื•ืŸ ื”ืžืœื›ื•ืชื™ ืžืื ื™ื˜ื•ื‘ื”. ื”ืืชืจ ืฉืœ ืงืจืŸ ื•ื™ื ื™ืคื’ ืœืื“ืจื™ื›ืœื•ืช ืžืคืจื˜ ื›ืžื” ืกื™ื•ืจื™ื ืžืขื•ืœื™ื.

ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ืืœื”, ืžื—ื•ื– Exchange ื”ืžืฉื•ื—ื–ืจ ื™ื“ื•ืข ื‘ืงื ื™ื•ืช ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช ืฉืœื•, ืขื ืžืขืฆื‘ื™ ืื•ืคื ื”, ืชื›ืฉื™ื˜ื™ ื”ื™ืค, ืจืฉื•ืžื•ืช ื•ื™ื ื˜ืื’ 'ื•ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื™ื•ืฆืื™ ื“ื•ืคืŸ. ื‘ื—ืจ ื˜ื•ืœ ื’ืจื‘ื™ (ืงื ื“ื” ืœื“ื‘ืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ beanie ืื• ืฆืžืจ ื›ื•ื‘ืข) ื‘-ืจื˜ืจื• ื ื•ืฉืื™ื ื ื•ืฉืื™ื Haberdashery ืœืคื ื™ ื”ื•ืกืคืช ืžื’ืข ืฉืœ bling ื‘ื˜ืขื ืฉืœ ืชื›ืฉื™ื˜ืŸ ื”ื™ืœืจื™ Druxman. ืืœ ืชื—ืžื™ืฆื• ืืช ื™ืฆื™ืจื•ืชื™ื” ื”ืื™ืฉื™ื•ืช ื”ืžื™ื•ืขื“ื•ืช ืœืžื˜ืจื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ื•ืœื ืœืžื˜ืจื•ืช ืจื•ื•ื— ืฉืœื”ื. ื”ื‘ื, Tiny ื”ื•ื ื—ื’ ืื—ื“ ืžื—ื ื•ื™ื•ืช ืžื›ืชื‘ื™ื ืื˜ืจืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”. ื›ื“ื™ ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืืช ืžืฉื—ืงื™ ื”ื™ืœื“ื•ืช ืฉืœืš ืžืฉื ื•ืช ื”ื—ืžื™ืฉื™ื ื•ืื™ืœืš - ื•ื›ื“ื™ ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืืช ืžืฉื—ืง ื”ืงืœืคื™ื ืฉืœ ื•ื™ื ื™ืคื’ ืขืฆืžื• - ื“ืคื“ืฃ ื‘ืงืจืคื“ ื”ื•ืœ ืฆืขืฆื•ืขื™ื.

ืืช 'ื™ืชื“ ืฉืœ ืื—ืจื™ื' ืœื ืœืคืกืคืก "ื›ืชืžื™ื

ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ื ื•ื’ืข ืœืชืฆื•ื’ืช ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ื—ื™ื™ื, ืงืฉื” ืœื”ืฉืชืคืจ ืžืืฉืจ ื‘ื’ืŸ ื”ื—ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืืกื™ื ื‘ื™ื™ืŸ, ืฉื‘ื• ืžื•ืฆื’ื•ืช ืชืขืจื•ื›ื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžื—ื•ื– ืžื‘ื•ืฅ ื•ืขื“ ื—ื•ืคื™ ืืจืงื˜ื™ - ื•ื”ืชืžืงื“ื•ืช ื‘ืฉื™ืงื•ื ืžื™ื ื™ื, ื›ื•ืœืœ ื“ื•ื‘ื™ ืงื•ื˜ื‘, ืฉื•ืขืœื™ื ืืจืงื˜ื™ื™ื ื•ื–ืื‘ื™ื. ืืชื” ืืคื™ืœื• ืžืงื‘ืœ ืœื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ ื›ืื™ืœื• ืืชื” ื‘ืžื™ื ืขื ื“ื•ื‘ื™ื ื•ื—ื•ืชืžื•ืช ื‘ื–ื›ื•ืช ืžื ื”ืจื” ืฆื•ืคื” ืžืชื—ืช ืœืžื™ื.

ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ, ืœื’ืœื’ืœ ื›ืžื” ืชืขืจื•ื›ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื’ ืื—ืจ ื‘ื’ืœืจื™ื” ืœืืžื ื•ืช ื•ื™ื ื™ืคื’, ื‘ื™ืช ืœืื•ืกืฃ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืฉืœ ืืžื ื•ืช ืขื›ืฉื•ื•ื™ืช ืื™ื ื•ืื™ื˜.

ืื‘ืœ ืื ืžืฉื”ื• ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœืชืคื•ืก ืืช ืชืฉื•ืžืช ื”ืœื‘ ืฉืœืš, ื–ื” ื”ืคืกืœ ืฉืœ ื”ืืœื•ื”ื™ื ื”ื™ื•ื•ื ื™ ื”ืจืžืก (ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื” "ื ืขืจ ื”ื–ื”ื‘") ืฉืขื•ืžื“ ืขืœ ื‘ื ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ืžื—ื•ืงืงื™ื ืžื ื™ื˜ื•ื‘ื”. Sate nerd ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ืขืœ ืกื™ื•ืจ ืžืจืชืง ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ื ื™ื™ืŸ, ืกื™ื•ืจ ืงื•ื“ ืกื™ื•ืจ, ืขื Heartland International Travel & Tours. ื”ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื”ืืงืกืฆื ื˜ืจื™ ื”ื–ื” ื—ื•ืฉืฃ ืืช ื”ืจืžื–ื™ื ื”ื ืกืชืจื™ื - ืงื•ื“ื™ื ื ื•ืžืจื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื™ื, ื›ืชื•ื‘ื•ืช ื•ืกืžืœื™ื ืคืจื™ืžื™ื•ื ื™ื™ื - ื”ื ืกืชืจื™ื ื‘ืืจื›ื™ื˜ืงื˜ื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ื ื™ื™ืŸ. (ื• - ืฉืฉืฉ - ื›ืŸ, ื›ืœ ืžืชื’ืœื”.)

ืฉื›ื•ื ื•ืช ื“ื™ื ืžื™ื•ืช

ืื‘ืœ ื•ื™ื ื™ืคื’ ื”ื™ื ืกื›ื•ื ืฉืœ ื—ืœืงื™ื ืฉืœื” ื•ืื›ืŸ, ืงื”ื™ืœื•ืช ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื” ืงื• ื”ื ื”ืจื•ืช ื”ื ื—ืฉื™ื ืœื”ืงื™ืฃ ืืช ืžืจื›ื– ื”ืขื™ืจ. ื”ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื”ื™ืคื™ื ื”ื ืžืžื•ืกื’ืจื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืงืฉืชื•ืช ืžืคื•ืืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ืขืฆื™ ื‘ื•ืงื™ืฆื” ืžืกื™ื‘ื™ื™ื (ื•ื™ื ื™ืคื’ ื”ื•ื ืืžืจ ืฉื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ืžืกืคืจ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืขืฆื™ ื“ืฉื ื‘ื‘ืขืœื•ืช ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจื™ืช ื‘ืขื•ืœื). ื•ื•ืœื™ื ื’ื˜ื•ืŸ ืงืจืกื ื˜ ื”ื•ื "ื”ืžื™ืœื™ื•ื ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืคื’, ืขื ืื—ื•ื–ื•ืช ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช ืฉืžื•ืœ ื”ื ื”ืจ. ื”ืงืคื™ื“ื• ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ื“ืจืš ื•ื•ืœืกืœื™, ื”ื™ื“ื•ืขื” ื‘ื—ื™ื‘ื” ื›"ื—ื’ื•ืจืช ื’ืจื ื•ืœื” ", ื•ืœื™ื”ื ื•ืช ืžื ืฉื•ืš ื‘ื›ืคืจ ืื•ืกื‘ื•ืจืŸ, ืฉืืจื•ื—ื•ืชื™ื• ื”ืืจื•ื›ื•ืช ืืคื•ื™ื•ืช ื•ืกื’ื•ื‘ื™ื” ื”ื•ืคื›ื•ืช ืื•ืชื• ืœืžื’ื ื˜ ืœืื•ื›ืœ. ื•ืœืชืคื•ืก ืืช ื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ืฉืœืš - ืืช ื›ืœ ื›ืš ืงืฆืช ืงืฆืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ืกื•ืขืจื™ื West End ื™ืฉ ื›ืžื” ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ ืงื™ืจ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืกื‘ื™ื‘, ืขื“ื•ืช ืขืœ ื“ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช ื•ืงื”ื™ืœื•ืช ืืชื ื™ื•ืช ืฉื—ื™ื™ื ืฉื.

ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœื™ื ื•ื›ื™ืฉืจื•ืŸ ืœืชื™ืื˜ืจื•ืŸ

ื•ื™ื ื™ืคื’ ืื•ื”ื‘ืช ืžืกื™ื‘ื” ื˜ื•ื‘ื”. ื›ืžื” ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืฉื ืขืจืš ืœืื•ืจืš ื›ืœ ื”ืฉื ื” ื›ื•ืœืœื™ื Folklorama, ื”ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืืžืจื™ืงื” ืจื‘ ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื™ ืฉื ืขืจืš ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ืื•ื’ื•ืกื˜ ื—ื•ื’ื’ืช ืกื‘ื™ื‘ 40 โ€‹โ€‹ืชืจื‘ื•ื™ื•ืช ืืชื ื™ื•ืช. ื”ืงื™ืฅ ืžื‘ื™ื ืืช ื•ื™ื ื™ืคื’ ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœ ืชื™ืื˜ืจื•ืŸ ืคืจื™ื ื’ ', ืฉื‘ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื•ืคื™ืข ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉื”ื ืจื•ืฆื™ื. ื”ืชื•ืฆืื” ื”ื™ื ืžืขืจืš ื”ืœืกืช, ืžืฉื•ื›ืœืœ ืฉืœ ืžืขืฉื™ื. ืœืื‘ื˜ื— ื‘ืฆื“ ืจื—ื•ื‘ ืฆื“ื“ื™ืช ืฉืœ ืžื—ื•ื– ื”ืžื—ื•ื–ื™, ืื• ืœืงื ื•ืช ื›ืจื˜ื™ืกื™ื ืœืžื•ืคืขื™ื ืžืงื•ื ืชื™ืื˜ืจื•ืŸ.

ื”ื—ื•ืจืฃ ืฉืœ ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœ du Voyageur ืจื•ืื” ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื relive ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืฉืœื”ื ืคืจื•ื•ื” ื”ืžืกื—ืจ ื‘ืคื•ืจื˜ ื’ื™ื‘ืจืœื˜ืจ, ื“ืจืš ืžื–ื•ืŸ, ืจื™ืงื•ื“ื™ื ื• reactacted ืชื—ืคื•ืฉื•ืช. ื ื‘ื ื” ื‘ืฉื ืช 1809 ื›ืžืคืงื“ื” ืฉืœ ืฆืคื•ืŸ ืžืขืจื‘ ื”ื—ื‘ืจื”, ื”ืžื‘ืฆืจ ื”ื™ื” ื”ืžืงื•ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืชื ื’ืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืกื•ื—ืจื™ื ื”ืžืชื—ืจื™ื. ื”ื•ื ื ื”ืจืก ื‘ืฉื ืช 1816, ืืš ื”ืขืชืง ื”ื ื•ื›ื—ื™ ื ื‘ื ื” ื‘ืฉื ืช 1978. ื‘ -26 ื‘ืžืจืฅ 1821 ืฉืชื™ ื”ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ื”ืžืชื—ืจื•ืช ื”ืชืžื–ื’ื• ืชื—ืช ื”ืฉื ืฉืœ ื—ื‘ืจืช ืžืคืจืฅ ื”ื“ืกื•ืŸ.

ืจืขื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ?

"ืคื’ ื”ื•ื ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ื–ื“ืžื ื•ื™ื•ืช ืื›ื™ืœื” ืžืฆื•ื™ื™ื ืช, ื‘ื–ื›ื•ืช ื”ืงื”ื™ืœื” ื”ื ืจื—ื‘ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืฉืฃ ื”ืขืœื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืžื•ืžื—ื™ื ื•ืžืฉืงืื•ืช ืื•ืžื ื™ื ืžื•ืžื—ื™ื; ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืืช ื”ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืื›ื•ืœ ื‘ื•ื•ื™ื ื™ืคื’.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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