ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™ ืฉืœ ืื—ืจื™ื ื ื“ื™ื“ื•ืช - Lonely Planet

ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™ ืฉืœ ืื—ืจื™ื ื ื“ื™ื“ื•ืช - Lonely Planet

ืื– ืืชื” ื™ื•ื“ืข ืขืœ ืœื•ืœืื” ืขื ืงื™ืช ื›ื™ ื”ืคืจืื™ ืฉืœ ืืคืจื™ืงื” ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืกืจื ื’ื˜ื™ ืžื“ื™ ืฉื ื”, ื•ืืช ื”ืชื ื•ืขื” ื”ื”ืžื•ื ื™ืช ืฉืœ ืœื•ื•ื™ื™ืชื ื™ื ื’ื‘ืŸ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ ืฉืœื”ื ื”ืื›ืœื” ืฉื˜ื— ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ืกื•ื‘ื˜ืจื•ืคื™.

ืื‘ืœ ื”ืื ืืชื” ื’ื ืžื•ื“ืข ืœื›ืš ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ื˜ื‘ืข ืžื›ื™ืœ ืฉืคืข ืฉืœ ืžืฉืงืคื™ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืคื—ื•ืช ื™ื“ื•ืขื™ื ื”ื›ื•ืœืœื™ื ืžืกืคืจ ืขืฆื•ื ืฉืœ ื™ืฆื•ืจื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืžื”ืœืš? ื”ื ื” ื”ืžืงื•ื ืฉื‘ื• ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœืจืื•ืช ืฉืžื•ื ื” ืžืŸ ื”ื”ื’ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืงื•ื•ื™ืจืงื™ืจื™ื•ืช ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืขื ื”ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื ืฉืœืš.

ืžื“ื•ื–ื” ื–ื”ื‘

ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืžื“ื•ื–ื•ืช ื™ื“ื•ืขื™ื ื ืกื—ืฃ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื–ืจืžื™ื ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก, ืžื“ื•ื–ื” ื”ื–ื”ื‘ ืฉืœ ืื’ื ื”ืžื“ื•ื–ื•ืช ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกื ืฉืœ ืคืœืื• - ืืฉืจ ืื™ื ื ืจืขื™ืœื™ื ืœื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื - ืœื‘ืฆืข ื ืชื™ื‘ ื”ื’ื™ืจื” ื™ื•ืžื™ืช ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ ืฉืขื•ืงื‘ ืงืฉืช ืฉืœ ื”ืฉืžืฉ ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ืฉืžื™ื. ื‘ื›ืœ ื‘ื•ืงืจ, ืืœื” ื‘ืขืœื™ ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืš ืžืงื‘ืฆื™ื ืขืœ ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืžืขืจื‘ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืื’ื ื”ื™ืžื™ ื”ืžื™ืงืจื•ื ื–ื™ ื”ื–ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื‘ืฆืข ื”ื’ื™ืจื” ืื•ืคืงื™ืช ืœืขื‘ืจ ื”ืฉืžืฉ ื”ืขื•ืœื”, ืขื•ืฆืจื™ื ืจืง ืงืฆืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืฆืœืœื™ื ืฉื ื•ืฆืจื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืขืฆื™ื lakeside ืฉื‘ื• ื”ื˜ื•ืจืคื™ื ื”ืขื™ืงืจื™ื™ื ืฉืœื”ื, ื›ืœื ื™ื•ืช, ืœื—ื™ื•ืช. ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืคืกืงื•ืช ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืฉืžืฉ ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ื‘ืฉืžื™ื, ืžื“ื•ื–ื” ืื– ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ื—ื–ืจื” ื‘ืฉืขื•ืช ืื—ืจ ื”ืฆื”ืจื™ื™ื ื”ืžื•ืงื“ืžื•ืช.

ืจืื”: ืคืœืื• ืฉืœ ืžื“ื•ื–ื” ืื’ื ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื‘ืงืจ ื›ืœ ื”ืฉื ื” ืขืœ ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ืžืŸ ื”ืื™ ื”ืจืืฉื™ ืฉืœ ืงื•ืจื•ืจ, ืื‘ืœ ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื ื™ื‘ืฉื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื ื•ื‘ืžื‘ืจ ืขื“ ืืคืจื™ืœ ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ืืช ืžื–ื’ ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ.

ืคืจืคืจื™ื ืžื•ื ืจืš

ื‘ื›ืœ ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ืกืคื˜ืžื‘ืจ ืื• ืื•ืงื˜ื•ื‘ืจ, ืคืจืคืจื™ื ืžื•ื ืงืจื™ื™ื ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ื™ื ื‘ืฉื—ื•ืจ-ื–ื”ื‘ ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืืช ื”ื”ื’ื™ืจื” ื”ื”ืžื•ื ื™ืช ืฉืœื”ื ืžื“ืจื•ื ืงื ื“ื” ื•ืžืžื–ืจื— ืืจืฆื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจื™ืช ืœื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ืฉื˜ื— ืœืืชืจื™ื overwintering ื‘ืžืจื›ื– ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ื•ืงืœื™ืคื•ืจื ื™ื”, ืฉื ื”ื ืžืฆื˜ื•ืคืคื™ื ื‘ืขืฆื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื™ืœื™ื•ื ื™. ืื‘ืœ ื‘ื ื™ื’ื•ื“ ืœื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืฉืขื•ืฉื™ื ื”ื’ื™ืจื” ืืคื™, ืคืจืคืจื™ื ื‘ื•ื“ื“ื™ื ืืœื” ืœืขื•ืœื ืœื ื™ื—ื–ืจื•. ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื—ืจืงื™ื ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืœืจืคืจืฃ ืฉื•ื‘ ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืžืื™, ื ืงื‘ื•ืช ื™ืคืกื™ืงื• ื‘ื“ืจืš ืœื”ื˜ื™ืœ ื‘ื™ืฆื™ื. ื‘ืชื•ืš ื›ืžื” ื™ืžื™ื, ื”ื‘ื™ืฆื™ื ื‘ื•ืงืขื•ืช ืœืชื•ืš ื–ื—ืœื™ื ืžืคื•ืกืคืกื™ื ื•ืฆื•ืจื›ื™ื ื›ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ืขืฆื•ืžื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ืœื‘ ืœืคื ื™ ืฉื™ื•ืฆืจื™ื ื›ืจื™ืกืœื™ืก ื•ื”ื•ืคื›ื™ื ืœืคืจืคืจื™ื ืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื. ืคืจืคืจื™ื ื—ื“ืฉื™ื ืžื›ืŸ ืœืงื—ืช ืืช ื”ืฉืžื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื˜ื•ืก ืขื•ื“ ื›ืžื” ืžืื•ืช ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืฆืคื•ื ื” ืœืคื ื™ ืœื—ื–ื•ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืชื”ืœื™ืš ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื—ืžื™ืฉื” ื›ืžื• ื“ื•ืจื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืฉืœื™ื ืืช ื”ืžืกืข.

ืจืื”: ื”ืžื˜ืจื” ื”ื™ื ืœื‘ืงืจ ื‘ืžืจื›ื– ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ืžื•ื ืจืš ืคืจืคืจ ืจื™ื–ืจื‘ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื™ื ื•ืืจ ืœืžืืจืก, ื›ืืฉืจ ืžืกืคืจื™ ืคืจืคืจ ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื‘ืฉื™ืื.

ื˜ืจืงื˜ื™ืงื•ืช ืืจืงื˜ื™ื•ืช

ื›ืžื” ืจื—ื•ืง ื”ื™ื™ืช ื ื•ืกืข ืœื‘ืจื•ื— ืžื”ื—ื•ืจืฃ? ืขื‘ื•ืจ Terns Arctic, ื–ื” ืื•ืžืจ ืœืขื–ื•ื‘ ืืช ืฉื˜ื— ื”ืจื‘ื™ื™ื” ืฉืœื”ื ื‘ื’ืจื™ื ืœื ื“ ืœื˜ื•ืก ื›ืœ ื”ื“ืจืš ืขื“ ืœื™ื Weddell ืขืœ ื—ื•ืคื™ ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื” ืœืคื ื™ ืฉื•ื‘ื• ื‘ืกื•ืฃ "ืงื™ืฅ" ื‘ืื ื˜ืจืงื˜ื™ืงื” ื‘ืžื” ืฉืžื›ื•ื ื” ื ืชื™ื‘ ื”ื”ื’ื™ืจื” ื”ืืจื•ืš ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ื‘ืขืœ ื—ื™ื™ื ืขืœื™ ืื“ืžื•ืช. ื”ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื, ืืฉืจ ืžื–ื™ืŸ ืžืŸ ื”ืžื™ื ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืขืœ ื”ืื’ืฃ, ืืคื™ืœื• ืœื ืœื˜ื•ืก ื™ืฉื™ืจื•ืช, ืœื•ืงื— 70,000 ืคืœื•ืก ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจ ืง"ืž ื‘ืฆื•ืจืช S ื‘ืฉื ื™ ื”ื›ื™ื•ื•ื ื™ื, ื”ืžืกืข ื ื—ืฉื‘ ืกื›ื•ื ืฉืœ ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ื—ื•ื–ืจื™ื ื”ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ืœื™ืจื— ืžืขืœ ื”ืžืžื•ืฆืข ืฉืœ 34 - ืชื•ื—ืœืช ื—ื™ื™ื.

ืจืื”: ืืจืงื˜ื™ terns ื ื™ืชืŸ ื”ื‘ื—ื™ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ืจื’ืœื™ื™ื ื”ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื ืชื™ื‘ ื”ื”ื’ื™ืจื” ืฉืœื”ื, ืžืŸ ื”ื˜ื‘ื•ืจ ืฉืœื”ื ื‘ื—ืฆื™ ื”ื›ื“ื•ืจ ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™ ื‘ืงื™ืฅ ื‘ื’ืจื™ื ืœื ื“ ื›ื“ื™ ื”ืื™ื™ื ื”ืื–ื•ืจื™ื™ื, ืคึผื•ึนืจื˜ื•ึผื’ึธืœ, ืฉื ื”ื ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœืขืฆื•ืจ ืืช ื“ืจื›ื ื—ื–ืจื” ืฆืคื•ื ื” ื‘ืžืื™.

ืœื•ื‘ืกื˜ืจื™ื ืงื•ืฆื ื™ื™ื

ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ืงืืจื™ื‘ื™ื™ื, ืืœื” ืกืจื˜ื ื™ื ื—ืกืจื™ ืจื—ืžื™ื ืขื•ื‘ืจื™ื ืื—ื“ ื”ื”ื’ื™ืจื•ืช ื™ื•ืฆื ื“ื•ืคืŸ ืžืชื—ืช ืœื™ื. ื‘ืชื—ื™ืœืช ื›ืœ ืงื™ืฅ, ื”ื ื‘ืฉื•ืจื” ื‘ืชื•ืจ ืชื•ืจื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื ืงื•ื•ื™ ืงื•ื ื’ื” ืฉืœ ืขื“ 50 ืื ืฉื™ื ื•ืฆืขื“ื” ืžื”ื—ื•ืฃ ืœืชื•ืš ืžื™ื ืขืžื•ืงื™ื ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก โ€‹โ€‹ื”ืจืฆืคื”. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ืขืœ ื”ื™ืžื ืขื•ืช ืกื•ืคื•ืช ื”ืงื™ืฅ ื ื•ื˜ื™ื ืœืจืกืง ืืช ื”ืงืืจื™ื‘ื™ื™ื, ื–ื” ื’ื ื—ืฉื‘ ื‘ื™ืฆื™ื•ืช ื ื•ืฉืื•ืช ื‘ื™ืฆื™ื•ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืงื“ื ืืช ื”ืคื™ืชื•ื— ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ื™ืฆื™ื ืฉืœื”ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžืขื‘ืจ ื‘ืžื™ื ืงืจื™ืจ. ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืกืชื™ื• ืžื’ื™ืข, ืœื•ื‘ืกื˜ืจื™ื ืœื–ื•ื– ืœืชื•ืš ื”ืžื™ื ืจื“ื•ื“ื™ื ืœื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ืฉื•ื‘. ืืžื ื ื–ื” ืœื ื™ื“ื•ืข ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ืœืžื” ืœื•ื‘ืกื˜ืจื™ื ื˜ื•ืคืก ืฉื•ืจื” ืื—ืช, ื›ืžื” ืžื“ืขื ื™ื ื™ืฉ ืชื™ืื•ืจื™ื” ื›ื™ ื”ื™ื•ื•ืฆืจื•ืช conga ืžืกื™ื™ืข ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ืคืจื•ืงื™ ืจื’ืœื™ื™ื ืžืคื ื™ ื˜ื•ืจืคื™ื.

ืจืื”: ื”ื™ืฆื•ืจื™ื ื”ืœื™ืœื™ื™ื ื”ืืœื” ื ืจืื™ื ื‘ืงืœื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืฆืœื™ืœืช ืœื™ืœื” ื‘ืื™ื™ื ื”ืงืจื™ื‘ื™ื™ื, ืื ื›ื™ ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจ ืžื–ืœ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ืงื‘ื•ืฆื” ื ื•ื“ื“ืช ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืชื—ื™ืœืช ื”ืงื™ืฅ.

ืคืœืžื™ื ื’ื• ืคื—ื•ืช

ืžื“ื™ ืฉื ื” ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ืื•ื’ื•ืกื˜, ื”ืคืœืžื™ื ื’ื• ื”ืคื—ื•ืช ื ื•ื•ื“ื™ื ืฉืœ ืฆืขื™ืจื™ ืืคืจื™ืงื” ืฉืžื“ืจื•ื ืœืกื”ืจื” ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ืœืื’ืžื™ ื”ืื’ืžื™ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื–ืจื— ืืคืจื™ืงื” - ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืื’ื ื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื” ืฉืœ ืงื ื™ื” - ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืื›ื™ืœ ืขืœ ืคืจื—ื™ื ืขื ืงื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืืฆื•ืช ื›ื—ื•ืœื•ืช-ื™ืจื•ืงื•ืช ืžื™ืงืจื•ืกืงื•ืคื™ื•ืช (cyanobacteria ื”ื™ื“ื•ืขื” ื‘ืฉื spirulina), ืœืคื ื™ ืœื˜ื•ืก ืœืื’ื ื ืื˜ืจื•ืŸ ื‘ืฆืคื•ืŸ ื˜ื ื–ื ื™ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื–ื“ื•ื•ื’ ื•ืœืงื ืŸ ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืช ื ื•ื‘ืžื‘ืจ. ืขื ืžืกืคืจื™ื ืคืœืžื™ื ื’ื• ืขืœ ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืžืฉื ื™ ื”ืื’ืžื™ื ื”ืืœื” ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืฆื™ืคื•ื™ ืฉื ื™ ืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ, ืืœื” ื™ืžื™ื ื ืขื™ื ืฉืœ ื•ืจื•ื“ ื”ื ืžืจืื” ืžืจื”ื™ื‘ ื‘ืืžืช ืœืจืื•ืช.

ืจืื”: ืคืœืžื™ื ื’ื• ืคื—ื•ืช (ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ืคืœืžื™ื ื’ื• ื’ื“ื•ืœ) ื”ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื”ืื›ืœื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื‘ื—ื™ืŸ ืื’ื ื‘ื•ื’ื•ืจื™ื” ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืื•ื’ื•ืกื˜ ืขื“ ื ื•ื‘ืžื‘ืจ, ื•ืงื™ื ื•ืŸ ื‘ืื’ื ื ืื˜ืจื•ืŸ ืžืกื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืกืคื˜ืžื‘ืจ, ืขื ืืคืจื•ื—ื™ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื‘ื•ืงืข ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื“ืฆืžื‘ืจ.

ื›ืจื™ืฉื™ื

ืœื™ื˜ืœ ื”ื™ื” ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืขืœ ื“ืคื•ืกื™ ื”ื ื“ื™ื“ื” ืฉืœ ื›ืจื™ืฉื™ื ืคื˜ื™ืฉื™ื ืขื“ 2011, ื›ืืฉืจ ืื•ื ื™ื‘ืจืกื™ื˜ืช ืžื™ืืžื™ ื”ืžื—ืงืจ ื‘ื”ืฆืœื—ื” ื‘ืžืขืงื‘ ืื—ืจ ืคื˜ื™ืฉ ื ืกื™ืขื” ืขืœ 1200 ืง"ืž ืžื“ืจื•ื ืคืœื•ืจื™ื“ื” ืœืžืจื›ื– ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก โ€‹โ€‹ื”ืื˜ืœื ื˜ื™ ืžื•ืœ ื—ื•ืคื™ ื ื™ื• ื’ 'ืจื–ื™ ื‘ 62 ื™ืžื™ื. ื™ื“ื•ืข ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืขื ื–ืืช, ื”ื ื”ืžืคื’ืฉื™ื ื”ื”ืžื•ื ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื“ื’ื™ื ื ื•ื•ื“ื™ื ืืœื” ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื™ื™ ื’ืœืืคืื’ื•ืก ืฉืœ ืืงื•ื•ื“ื•ืจ, ื”ืื™ ืžืืœืคืœื• ืงื•ืœื•ืžื‘ื™ื” ื• ืงื•ืกื˜ื” ืจื™ืงื” ืฉืœ ืงื•ืงื•ืก ืื™ื™ืœื ื“ ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื” "ื”ืžืฉื•ืœืฉ ืคื˜ื™ืฉ".ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืคื˜ื™ืฉ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ื—ื™ืŸ ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ื–ื” ืœืื•ืจืš ื›ืœ ื”ืฉื ื”, ื”ื ื ืคื’ืฉื™ื ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืžื™ื•ืฉื‘ ืงื•ืงื•ืก ืื™ื™ืœื ื“, 550 ืง"ืž ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืžืขืจื‘ื™ ืฉืœ ืงื•ืกื˜ื” ืจื™ืงื” ื‘ืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช ืฉืœ ืขื“ 200 ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ ื”ืงื™ืฅ, ื ืžืฉืš ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื–ื™ืŸ upswells.

ืจืื”: ื”ื–ืžืŸ ื˜ื™ื•ืœ liveaboard ืœืฆืœื•ืœ ืœืื™ื™ ืงื•ืงื•ืก ื‘ื™ืŸ ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื“ืฆืžื‘ืจ, ื‘ืžื˜ืจื” ืืชืจื™ ืฆืœื™ืœื” ื›ื•ืœืœ Bajo Alcone, ืจื•ืง ืžืœื•ื›ืœืš ืคื•ื ื˜ื” ืžืจื™ื”.

ืขื˜ืœืคื™ ืคื™ืจื•ืช

ื‘ื›ืœ ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ืื•ืงื˜ื•ื‘ืจ, ื”ืฉืžื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืจื›ื– ืืคืจื™ืงื” ืžื—ืฉื™ื›ื™ื ื›ืžื• ื™ื•ืชืจ ืž -10 ืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ืขื˜ืœืคื™ ืคื™ืจื•ืช ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™ื™ื ืขื•ืฉื™ื ืืช ื”ืขืœื™ื™ื” ืœืจื’ืœ ื”ืฉื ืชื™ ืฉืœื”ื ืžืŸ ื”ืื’ืŸ ืงื•ื ื’ื• ื›ื“ื™ ืœืื•ืžื™ ืคืืจืง Kasanka ื‘ื–ืžื‘ื™ื” ืœื”ืื›ื™ืœ ืขืœ ื•ื•ื˜ื‘ืจื™ืก, ืžื ื’ื•, ืฉืกืง ื‘ืจ ื•ืคื™ืจื•ืช ื™ืขืจ ื—ืœื‘ ืื“ื•ื ื”ืžื•ืคื™ืขื™ื ื‘ืฉืคืข ื‘ืชืงื•ืคื” ื–ื• ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื ื”. ื‘ืžื” ืฉื ื•ื“ืข ื›ื’ื™ืจืช ื”ื™ื•ื ืงื™ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื, ื”ืขื˜ืœืคื™ื ืœื˜ืจื•ืฃ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืฉื ื™ ืงื™ืœื•ื’ืจืžื™ื ืฉืœ ืืžื‘ืจื•ื–ื™ื” ืคื™ืจื•ืชื™ืช ื–ื• ื›ืœ ืœื™ืœื”, ื•ืžืฉืื™ืจื™ื ืืช ื”ืขืฆื™ื ื—ืฉื•ืคื™ื ืœืฉืคืข ื”ืขืกื™ืกื™ ืฉืœื”ื ืขื“ ืฉื”ื™ืฆื•ืจื™ื ื”ืœื™ืœื™ื™ื ื™ื•ืฆืื™ื ืœืงืจืืช ืกื•ืฃ ื“ืฆืžื‘ืจ.

ืจืื”: ืžื“ืจื™ืš (ื•ื›ืŸ ืื™ื“ื™ืืœื™ ืœื™ื•ื•ื™ ื—ืžื•ืฉื™ื) ื ื“ืจืฉ ืœื”ืฆื™ื’ ืืช ื”ืขื˜ืœืคื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ Kasanka, ืฉื‘ื• ืขื•ืจื•ืช ื ื•ืฆืจื• ื‘ืฆืžืจื•ืช ื”ืขื™ืŸ ืœืฆืคื™ื™ื” ืื•ืคื˜ื™ืžืœื™ืช.

ื ื—ืฉื™ ื‘ื™ืจื™ืช ืื“ื•ืžื™ื

ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ื”ืกืชื™ื• ืžื“ื™ ืฉื ื”, ืืœืคื™ ื ื—ืฉื™ื ื‘ื™ืจื“ ืื“ื•ื ืฆื“ื“ื™ืช ืœื ืกื•ืข ืขื“ 32 ืง"ืž ื›ื“ื™ ืฉื™ื ื” ื™ื—ื“ ื‘ืฆืคื™ืคื•ืช ืขื ืงื™ืช ืžื ื™ื˜ื•ื‘ื”, ืงื ื“ื”, ื‘ืžื” ืžื—ื•ื™ื‘ ื›ืžื• ืื™ืกื•ืฃ ื”ื ื—ืฉ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื. ื‘ืื‘ื™ื‘, ื”ื”ื•ืคืขื” ื”ืžื•ื ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื ื—ืฉื™ื - ืขื ืœืžืขืœื” ืž -100,000 ื–ื•ื—ืœื™ื ื”ืžืชืคืชืœื™ื ืžืชื•ืš ื”ืžืื•ืจื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื ื‘ืื•ืชื• ื–ืžืŸ - ื™ื•ืฆืจืช ืžื—ื–ื” ืœื ืขืœ ืœื‘ ื—ืœืฉ. ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื”ืชืคืฉื˜ื• ืœื”ืื›ื™ืœ ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ ื”ืงื™ืฅ, ื”ื ื—ืฉื™ื ื”ืืจืกื™ื™ื ืงืœื•ืช, ืฉืื™ื ื ืชื•ืงืคื ื™ื™ื ื›ืœืคื™ ื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื, ื ื™ืชืŸ ื’ื ืœืจืื•ืช ื—ื•ื–ืจื™ื ืœืื–ื•ืจ ืฉืœื”ื ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืกืคื˜ืžื‘ืจ.

ืจืื”: ื›ื“ื™ ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ื–ื•ื—ืœื™ื, ื”ืจืืฉ ืืœ ืฆืคื™ืคื•ืช ื”ื ื—ืฉื™ื ืฉืœื˜ ืขืœ ื›ืžื” ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืžืฆืคื•ืŸ ืœื ืจืงื™ืก, ืžืจื—ืง ืฉืœ ื›ืฉืขื” ื ืกื™ืขื” ืฆืคื•ื ื” ื•ื™ื ื™ืคื’, ื‘ืืžืฆืข ืžืื™.

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ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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