5 ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืืคืจื™ืงืื™ ืืคืจื™ืงืื™ ืฆื™ื•ื ื™ ื“ืจืš ื‘ืคื™ืœื“ืœืคื™ื” - Lonely Planet

5 ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืืคืจื™ืงืื™ ืืคืจื™ืงืื™ ืฆื™ื•ื ื™ ื“ืจืš ื‘ืคื™ืœื“ืœืคื™ื” - Lonely Planet

ืžืื– ืคื™ืœื“ืœืคื™ื” ืฉื™ืžืฉ ื‘ืขื‘ืจ ื›ื‘ื™ืจืช ื”ืื•ืžื”, ืกื™ืคื•ืจื ืฉืœ ื”ืื‘ื•ืช ื”ืžื™ื™ืกื“ื™ื ื”ื•ื ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืœืงื— ื”ืœื™ื‘ื” ืฉื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืœื•ืงื—ื™ื ืžืžื ื•. ื™ืฉ, ืขื ื–ืืช, ื ืจื˜ื™ื‘ ื‘ืขืœ ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืช ืฉื•ื•ื” ืœื–ื›ื•ืจ ื•ืœืฉืžืจ ืืช ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื”ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ืช ื›ืืŸ: ืžื•ืจืฉืชื ืฉืœ ืืคืจื•-ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ื ื•ืชืจื•ืžืชื ืœืžืืจื’ ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ.

ืžืืช ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืชืขืจื•ื›ื•ืช ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ื”ื—ื•ืงื” ืžืจื›ื– ืœืœืžื•ื“ ืขืœ ืžืฉืคื—ื” ืงื•ื•ื™ืงืจื™ืช ืื“ื•ืงื” ืื™ื ื˜ื’ืจืœื™ ื”ืจื›ื‘ืช ื”ืชื—ืชื™ืช ื‘ืฉื ืช 1800, ื™ืฉ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืืคืจื™ืงื ื™ ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื’ื™ืœื”, ืžืชืขื›ืœ ื•ื ื–ื›ืจ ื‘ืคื™ืœื“ืœืคื™ื” ืžืืฉืจ ืคื•ื’ืฉ ืืช ื”ืขื™ืŸ.

ื”ืžืจื›ื– ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ืœื—ื•ืงื”

ื”ืžืจื›ื– ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ืœื—ื•ืงื” ืžืฉืžืฉ ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืขื, ืžื˜ื” ื”ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื”ืื–ืจื—ื™ ื•ืื•ืœื ื”ืขื™ืจื™ื™ื” ืฉืœ ืืžืจื™ืงื”. ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ืฉื•ื•ื” ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื”ืžืืžืฅ ืœืžืจื›ื– ื”ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ืฉืœืš ืขืœ ืชืขืจื•ื›ื•ืช ืžืฆื•ื™ื ื•ืช ืขืœ ืืคืจื™ืงืื™ื ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ื ื”ืชืจื•ืžื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื ืœืžื“ื™ื ื” ืฉืœื ื•. ื”ื‘ื”ืจื” ื›ื•ืœืœืช ืขื•ืชืง ื—ืชื•ื ืฉืœ ื ืื•ื "ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื•ืฉืœื ื”ืื™ื—ื•ื“" ืฉื ืฉื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื ืฉื™ื ื”ืืคืจื™ืงื ื™ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ, ื‘ืจืง ืื•ื‘ืžื”; ื”ืฆืฆื” ืืœ ืชื™ืงื™ ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžืฉืคื˜ ื”ืขืœื™ื•ืŸ ื‘ืจืื•ืŸ ื  'ืžื•ืขืฆืช ื”ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื• ื“ืจื“ ืกืงื•ื˜ ื ื’ื“ ืกื ื“ืคื•ืจื“; ื•ืขื•ืชืง ื ื“ื™ืจ ืฉืœ ื›ืจื•ื– ื”ืืžื ืกื™ืคืฆื™ื”.

ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืฉื—ื•ืจ ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ืคื‘ืจื•ืืจ, ืชืขืจื•ื›ื•ืช ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ื•ืช ืœื”ืงื“ื™ืฉ ืฉื˜ื— ื ื•ืกืฃ ืœื ื•ืฉื. ื‘ืฉื ืช 2018, ืœื•ื— ืžืฉื—ืง ืขื ืง ื”ื‘ื•ื—ืŸ ืืช ื”ื™ื“ืข ืฉืœืš ืขืœ ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืฉืœ ืืคืจื™ืงืื™ื ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ื ื•ืชืขืจื•ื›ื•ืช ื›ื’ื•ืŸ Breaking Barriers Show, ื—ื•ื’ื’ื™ื ืืช ื”ืฆืขื“ื™ื ืฉืฆื•ืœืžื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืื•ื”ื‘ ืฉืœ Thurgood ืžืจืฉืœ ื•ื‘ืกื™ ืงื•ืœืžืŸ, ื”ื ื—ืœืง ืžื”ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืืœื” ื”ืžื‘ืงืฉื™ื ืœืœืžื•ื“ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืฆืœื•ืœ ื‘ .

ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ ืฉืœ ื’ 'ื•ื ืกื•ืŸ ื”ืืชืจ

ืžืžื•ืงื ื‘ืฉื›ื•ื ืช Germantown ืฉืœ ืคื™ืœื“ืœืคื™ื”, ื”ืืชืจ ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืช ื’'ื•ื ืกื•ืŸ ืขืžื“ ื–ืžืŸ ืจื‘ ื›ืกืžืœ ืœืžื•ืจืฉืช ื”ืขื‘ื“ื•ืช ื•ืจื›ื‘ืช ื”ืจื›ื‘ืช ื”ืชื—ืชื™ืช. ื‘ืฉื ืช 1768 ื‘ื ื” ื”ืžื”ื’ืจ ื”ื”ื•ืœื ื“ื™ ื’'ื•ืŸ ื’'ื•ื ืกื•ืŸ ืืช ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืœื‘ื ื• ื›ืžืชื ืช ื—ืชื•ื ื”. ื›ืงื•ื•ื™ื™ืงืจื™ื ืื“ื•ืงื™ื, ื’ 'ื•ื ืกื•ืŸ ื”ื™ื• ืžื—ื•ื™ื‘ื™ื ืœืชืจื•ื ืœืงื”ื™ืœื”, ื•ื–ื” ื”ืืžื™ืŸ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื”ืกื™ื‘ื” ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืคืš ืชื—ื ืช ืžืจื›ื–ื™ ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ืจื›ื‘ืช ื”ืชื—ืชื™ืช ื‘ืฉื ืช 1800.

ื›ื™ื•ื, ื‘ื™ืช ื’ 'ื•ื ืกื•ืŸ ื ืฉืืจ ืื‘ืŸ ื™ืกื•ื“ ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ื”ืŸ ืฉื™ืžื•ืจ ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ ืชื•ื›ื ื™ื•ืช ื—ื™ื ื•ื›ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืคื™ืœื“ืœืคื™ื”. ืกื™ื•ืจื™ื ืžื•ื“ืจื›ื™ื ื”ืžื•ืฆืขื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืœื›ืช ื‘ื™ื•ื ื—ืžื™ืฉื™ ื‘ืฉื‘ืช ื•ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืชื™ืื•ื ื‘ื™ืžื™ ื—ื•ืœ ืื—ืจื™ื. ื”ืกื™ื•ืจ ืžืฉืชืจืข ืขืœ ืžืฉืคื—ืช ื’'ื•ื ืกื•ืŸ, ืชื ื•ืขืช ื”ืขื‘ืจื™ื™ื ื™ื ื‘ืคื™ืœื“ืœืคื™ื” ื•ื”ื’ื‘ืจื™ื, ื”ื ืฉื™ื ื•ื”ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืฉื‘ื™ืงืฉื• ืœื ืžืœ ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื’'ื•ื ืกื•ืŸ ื‘ื“ืจื›ื ืœื—ื•ืคืฉ. ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื•ื ื’ื ืืชืจ ื”ื”ืจืฆืื•ืช ื•ื”ืื™ืจื•ืขื™ื ื”ืžืชืžืงื“ื™ื ื‘ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื”ืืคืจื™ืงืื™ืช ืฉืœ ืืžืจื™ืงื”, ื›ืžื• ื—ื’ื™ื’ื” ืฉืœ ื™ื•ื ืชืŸ.

ืžืจื™ืืŸ ืื ื“ืจืกื•ืŸ

ื–ืžืจืช ื”ืื•ืคืจื” ื”ืืคืจื™ืงืื™ืช ืืคืจื™ืงืื™ืช ืžืจื™ืืŸ ืื ื“ืจืกื•ืŸ, ืฉื–ืžืจืช ืžืคื•ืจืกืžืช ื‘ืื ื“ืจื˜ืช ืœื™ื ืงื•ืœืŸ ื‘ -19 ื‘ืืคืจื™ืœ 1939, ื‘ื”ื–ืžื ืช ื‘ื ื•ืช ื”ืžื”ืคื›ื” ื”ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ืช, ื”ืชืงืฉืจื” ืœืคื™ืœื“ืœืคื™ื”. ื›ื™ื•ื, ื‘ื™ืชื• ืฉืœ ืื ื“ืจืกื•ืŸ, ื‘ืกื’ื ื•ืŸ ืื™ื˜ืœืงื™, ื‘ืŸ ืฉืœื•ืฉ ืงื•ืžื•ืช, ืฉื ื‘ื ื” ื‘ -1924, ื”ื•ื ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ืžื ื•ื”ืœ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ืช ืžืจื™ืืŸ ืื ื“ืจืกื•ืŸ, ืฉื ื•ืกื“ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื‘ืœื ืฉ ื‘ืจื˜ื•ืŸ-ืœื™ื™ืœืก. ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืกื™ื•ืจื™ื, ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืฆื™ืฅ ืœืชื•ืš ื”ื—ื“ืจื™ื, ืœื”ืฉืœื™ื ืขื ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ืžืงื•ืจื™ื•ืช, ื‘ื’ื“ื™ื ืžื–ื›ืจื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช. ื”ืชืขืจื•ื›ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ืฆื’ื•ืช ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืžืฉืชื ื•ืช ื‘ืขื•ื ื”.

ื”ื–ืžืจ ื”ืคืš ืืช ื”ื—ืœืœ, ื›ื•ืœืœ ื”ืžืจืชืฃ ื‘ืžืคืœืก ื”ืชื—ืชื•ืŸ, ืœืžืงื•ื ืฉื‘ื• ื™ื•ื›ืœื• ืœืืจื— ื–ืžืจื™ื, ืžื•ื–ื™ืงืื™ื ื•ืกืคื•ืจื˜ืื™ื ืžืืคืจื™ืงื”. ื‘ื™ืชื” ื”ืคืš ืœืžืงื•ื ืžืคื’ืฉ ื˜ื‘ืขื™ ืฉื‘ื• ื”ื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื”ืืคืจื•-ืืžืจื™ืงื ื™ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื’ื–ืขื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื’'ื™ื ืงืจื•ืื•.

ื–ืžืจื™ื ืžืชืคืชื—ื™ื ื•ืชืœืžื™ื“ื™ ืžื•ืกื™ืงื” ืžืžืฉื™ื›ื™ื ืœืงื“ื ืืช ื”ืžื•ืจืฉืช ืฉืœ ืžืจื™ืืŸ ืื ื“ืจืกื•ืŸ ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืชื›ื ื™ืช "ืžืืจื™ืืŸ ืื ื“ืจืกื•ืŸ", ื”ืžืืคืฉืจืช ืœืชืœืžื™ื“ื™ื ื‘ื’ื™ืœืื™ 18 ืขื“ 45 ื‘ื”ืฉืจืืช ื”ื–ืžืจ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืœื”ืชืืžืŸ, ืœื”ืชืืกืฃ ื‘ืžื™ืœื’ื•ืช ื•ืœื‘ืฆืข ื”ื•ืคืขื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช ืžืกืคืจ ืคืขืžื™ื ื‘ืฉื ื”.

ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ืช ืฉืœ ืคื™ืœื“ืœืคื™ื”

ืจื•ืฆื” ืœืงื—ืช ื”ืฆืฆื” ืืœ ื”ืขื‘ืจ? ื”ืื ืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื”ืชืงื“ืžื•ืช ื‘ืคืจื•ื™ืงื˜ ื”ื’ื ืืœื•ื’ื™ื” ื•ืœื”ื›ื™ืจ ืืช ืื‘ื•ืชื™ืš ืžืŸ ื”ืขื‘ืจ? ืจืืฉ ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ืช ืฉืœ ืคื ืกื™ืœื‘ื ื™ื”, ืฉื ืืช ื”ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื™ ื”ื•ื "ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืฉืœืš."

ื™ื•ืชืจ ืž 21 ืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ืคืจื™ื˜ื™ื ืžื”ื•ื•ื™ื ืืช ื”ืื•ืกืฃ ืฉืœ ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ืช, ืืฉืจ ืžืชืžืงื“ืช ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืคื™ืœื“ืœืคื™ื”, ืžื–ืจื— ืคื ืกื™ืœื‘ื ื™ื” ื“ืœืื•ื•ืจ. ืคืจื™ื˜ื™ื ืœืขื™ื•ืŸ ื•ืœื—ืงืจ ื›ื•ืœืœื™ื ื’ื™ืœื™ื•ื ื•ืช ืžื•ืกื™ืงื”, ืชืฆืœื•ืžื™ื, ืชืคืจื™ื˜ื™ ืžืกืขื“ื”, ืขื™ืชื•ื ื™ื ื•ืฉืคืข ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื”ืžืชืขื“ื™ื ืชื ืื™ื ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ื™ื ื•ื›ืœื›ืœื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืขื‘ืจ.

ืขื ื–ืืช, ื”ืชืขืจื•ื›ื” ื”ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ืœื‘ื™ื˜ื•ืœ ื—ื‘ืจื” ื‘ืคื ืกื™ืœื‘ื ื™ื”, ื”ืฉื•ื›ื ืช ื’ื ื”ื™ื ื‘ื—ื‘ืจื” ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ืช, ื”ืžื‘ื™ืื” ืœื—ื™ื™ื ื—ืœืง ืžื”ื•ืชื™ ืžืขื‘ืจื” ืฉืœ ืคื™ืœื“ืœืคื™ื” ื•ืžืืคืจื™ืงื” ื”ืืคืจื™ืงืื™ืช. ื›ืืŸ, ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื•ื—ื•ืงืจื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืœืžื•ื“ ืขืœ ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ืฉื ื•ืฆืจื” ื‘ -1775, ืชื•ืžื›ืช ืžื›ืจื™ืขื” ื‘ื”ื‘ื˜ื—ืช ื”ื ื•ืขืจ ื”ืฉื—ื•ืจ, ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ื™ืœื™ื“ื™ ืคื™ืœื“ืœืคื™ื” ืื• ืขื‘ื“ื™ื ืฉื ืžืœื˜ื• ืžื“ืจื•ื, ื”ื™ืชื” ื’ื™ืฉื” ืœื—ื™ื ื•ืš, ืœืžืฉืจื•ืช ื•ืœื›ืœื™ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื™ื ื”ืžื ื™ืขื™ื ืืช ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ื›ืื ืฉื™ื ืžืฉื•ื—ืจืจื™ื. ืคื’ื™ืฉื”, ืชื™ืขื•ื“ ื”ืžืฆื™ื’ ืืช ื”ืžืืžืฆื™ื ื”ืืœื” ื•ืืช ื›ืกืคื™ ืฉืœื”ื ืœืกืคืง ื”ืฆืฆื” ืœืชื•ืš ืืจื’ื•ืŸ ืžื ื•ื•ื˜ ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืงืฉื”.

ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ืช ืคืชื•ื—ื” ืœืงื”ืœ ื”ืจื—ื‘ ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ ืขื“ ื™ื•ื ืฉื™ืฉื™. ืงื— gander ืขืœ ืื•ืกืคื™ื ืžืงื•ื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืืชืจ ื”ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ ืฉืœื”ื ืœืคื ื™ ื”ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ืฉืœืš ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžืงืกื ืืช ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืฉืœืš.

ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื ืฉื™ื

ื‘ืžืจื—ืง ืฉืœ ืฆืขื“ื™ื ืกืคื•ืจื™ื ืžื’ืœ ื”ื—ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกื, ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื ืฉื™ื ืžืกืคืจ ืืช ืกื™ืคื•ืจื ืฉืœ ืชืฉืขืช ื”ืืคืจื™ืงืื™ื ื”ืžืฉื•ืขื‘ื“ื™ื ืฉื—ื™ื• ื‘ื‘ื™ืชื ืฉืœ ืฉื ื™ ืื‘ื•ืช ืžื™ื™ืกื“ื™ื.ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืคื™ืœื“ืœืคื™ื” ืฉื™ืžืฉื” ื›ื‘ื™ืจืช ื”ืื•ืžื”, ื”ืชื’ื•ืจืจื• ื”ื ืฉื™ืื™ื ื’'ื•ืŸ ืื“ืžืก ื•ื’'ื•ืจื’ 'ื•ื•ืฉื™ื ื’ื˜ื•ืŸ ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืื—ื•ื–ื” ื”ื ืฉื™ืื•ืชื™. ื”ื™ื•ื, ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื–ื” ื”ื•ื deconstructed, ืขื ืืจื‘ืขืช ื”ืงื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืžืงื•ืจื™ ืขื•ืžื“ sans ื’ื’ - ืžื—ื•ื•ื” ืชืœื•ืœื” ืœื“ื™ื›ื•ื˜ื•ืžื™ื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ืขื‘ื“ื•ืช ืœื—ื™ืจื•ืช. ืžืžืฆืื™ื ืžื”ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืชืื•ืฉืฉื• ื•ืžื•ืฆื’ื™ื ืœืฆื“ ื”ืชืขืจื•ื›ื•ืช ื”ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืช ืืช ื—ื™ื™ื”ื ืฉืœ ื”ืืคืจื™ืงื ื™ื ื”ืžืฉื•ืขื‘ื“ื™ื. ื”ืืชืจ ื”ืคืชื•ื— ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืœืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ 24 ืฉืขื•ืช ื‘ื™ืžืžื” ื•ื”ื•ื ืžืฉืžืฉ ืชื–ื›ื•ืจืช ืžืจื’ืฉืช ื•ื›ื•ืื‘ืช ืœื—ื™ื™ ื”ืขื‘ืจ ืฉืœ ืืคืจื™ืงืื™ื ืืžืจื™ืงื ื™ื ื‘ื”ืงืฉืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื”ื–ืืช.

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ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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