ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœืชืœ ืื‘ื™ื‘: ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ืžืขื›ื‘ ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™ ืฉืœ ื™ืฉืจืืœ - ืœื•ื ืœื™ ืคืœืื ื˜

ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœืชืœ ืื‘ื™ื‘: ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ืžืขื›ื‘ ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™ ืฉืœ ื™ืฉืจืืœ - ืœื•ื ืœื™ ืคืœืื ื˜

ืฉืžื—ืช ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™ ืฉืœ ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื ื•ื’ืขืช ืœืžืขืงืคื™ื. ื–ื” ืœื•ืงื— ืจืง ื›ืžื” ืฉืขื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืชืงืจื‘ ื™ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ืชืœ ืื‘ื™ื‘ ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืงืฆื” ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™-ืžืขืจื‘ื™ ืฉืœ ื™ืฉืจืืœ, ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื”ืชืจืกืง ืขืœ ื—ื•ืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ืจื•ืžื™ืช, ื›ืจืžื™ื ืฉื˜ื•ืคื™ ื”ืฉืžืฉ ื•ืื•ืœื™ ืืคื™ืœื• ืžื™ืงืจื•ื ื™ื•ืŸ ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ื™ื.

ืื– ืชืฉืื™ืจ ืืช ืชืœ ืื‘ื™ื‘ ื‘ืžืจืื” ื”ืื—ื•ืจื™ืช ืฉืœืš: ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ื”ื–ืืช ืชืžืฉื™ืš ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ื™ื ืชื™ื›ื•ื ื™ ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืฉื™ืฉื” ืชื—ื ื•ืช ืขืฆื™ืจื” ื‘ืœืชื™ ื ืฉื›ื—ื•ืช.

ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืื—ื•ืจื” ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ื‘ืงื™ืกืจื™ื”

ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ืืชื” ืœื•ืงื— Rte 2 ืื• 4, ื”ื™ื ื”ืชื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืžื•ื’ืŸ ื‘ืžื™ื“ื” ืจื‘ื” ืžืŸ ื”ื ื•ืฃ ืœืื•ืจืš 50 ืง"ืž ื‘ื™ืŸ ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืชืœ ืื‘ื™ื‘ ื•ืงื™ืกืจื™ื”, ื›ืš ืฉื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ืขื•ืฆืจ ืœื™ื“ ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ืงื™ืกืจื™ื”, ื”ืžืจืื” ืฉืœ ืžื™ื ืขืชื™ืงื™ื ืžืกื’ืจื•ืช ืกืคื™ืจ ืžื™ื ื’ื•ื ื‘ ืืช ื”ื ืฉื™ืžื”. ื›ืืŸ ืขื•ืžื“ื™ื ื—ื•ืจื‘ื•ืชื™ื” ืฉืœ ืงื™ืกืจื™ื” ืžืืจื™ื˜ื™ืžื”. ืขื™ืจ ื”ื ืžืœ ื”ื–ืืช, ืฉื ื‘ื ืชื” ื‘ืฉื ืช 30 ืœืคื ื”"ืก ื‘ืงื™ืจื•ื‘, ื”ื™ืชื” ืคืจื™ ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื• ืฉืœ ื”ืจื•ื“ืŸ ื”ืžืงืจืื™ ื”ืจื•ื“ื ื™ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ, ื•ื›ืœ ืžื™ ืฉืœื ืื”ื‘ ืืช ืจืขื™ื•ื ื•ืชื™ื• ื”ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ื™ื™ื ื ืคื’ืฉ ื‘ื“ื. ืฉืœื‘ ื”ื›ื ื™ืกื” ืœืฉืขืจ ื”ืฆืœื‘ื ื™, ื‘ื›ื ื™ืกื” ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืคืืจืง ื•ื”ืจื™ืกื•ืช ื™ืฆื™ืจืช ืžื•ืคืช ืฉืœ ื”ื•ืจื“ื•ืก. ื”ืžื“ื”ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื•ื ื”ืืžืคื™ืชื™ืื˜ืจื•ืŸ ื‘ืฆื•ืจืช ืื•ืคืœ ืฉื‘ื• 10,000 ืฆื•ืคื™ื ืคืขื ืฆื‘ืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืขื•ื“ื“ ืืช ื”ืžืจื›ื‘ื•ืช ื›ื™ ื“ืื’ื” ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืžืจื•ืฅ ืฉื‘ืขื” ืžืขื’ืœื™ื.

ืžืกืขื“ื•ืช ืกื•ื•ื™ืฉ ื•ืžื•ืขื“ื•ืŸ ื”ื’ื•ืœืฃ ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื‘ื”ื™ืฉื’ ื™ื“ ืžื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™, ืืš ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืื•ื•ื™ืจื” ืฉื•ื ื” ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ, ืจืืฉ ืœื ืžืœ ื”ื“ื™ื’ ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ 4 ืง"ืž ืฆืคื•ื ื™ืช: ื’'ืกืจ ื–ืจืงื ื–ื•ืขืฃ ื”ื•ื ื›ื™ื•ื ื›ืคืจ ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ. ื‘ืฉื ื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช ื”ื•ื ืจืง ื”ืขืœื” ืืช ืฉื™ืขื•ืจื™ ื”ืคืฉื™ืขื” ื•ื”ืื‘ื˜ืœื”, ืืš ืขืชื™ื“ื•ืชื™ื• ืฉืœ ื’'ื™ืกืจ ื–ืจืงื ืžืฉืชื ื•ืช ื‘ื”ื“ืจื’ื”, ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืขืœ ื’ื‘ื• ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื”ืืจื—ื” ื”ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™, ื”ื ืžื•ืš ืฉืœ ื”ืชืจืžื™ืœืื™ื.

ืœื”ืชืžื›ืจ ืœืชืขื ื•ื’ื•ืช ื”ื’ืกื˜ืจื•ื ื•ืžื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื–ื›ืจื•ืŸ ื™ืขืงื‘

ื›ืคื™ ืฉืืชื” ืฉื™ื•ื˜ ืœืื•ืจืš Rte 2, ื–ื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ืงืœ ืžื“ื™ ืœืคืกืคืก ืืช ื–ื™ื›ืจื•ืŸ ื™ืขืงื‘. ื”ืžืื—ื– ื”ื™ื•ืงืจืชื™ ื”ื–ื” ืฉืœ ืฉืชื™ื™ืช ื™ื™ืŸ ื•ื™ืฆื™ืจืช ืืžื ื•ืช, 20 ืง"ืž ืฆืคื•ื ื™ืช ืžื–ืจื—ื™ืช ืœืงื™ืกืจื™ื”, ืื™ื ื• ืžื‘ืงืจ ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื. ื‘ื–ื›ืจื•ืŸ ื™ืขืงื‘, ืขื ื–ืืช, ืžืงืกื™ื ืืš ืžืจื›ื–ื™ ื•ืžืงืกื™ื, ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ื›ืžื• ืขื™ืจ ืื™ืจื•ืคื™ืช ืื™ืจื•ืคื™ืช ืฉืฆืžื—ื” ื‘ืžื–ืจื— ื”ืชื™ื›ื•ืŸ.

ืขืจื‘ื•ื‘ ืœืื•ืจืš midrahov (ืืจืงื™ื™ื“ ืœื”ื•ืœื›ื™ ืจื’ืœ), ืจื—ื•ื‘ ื”ืžื™ื™ืกื“ื™ื, ืœื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ื“ื•ืคืง ืฉืœ ื–ื›ืจื•ืŸ. ืžื‘ื ื™ ื”ืื‘ืŸ ืžื”ืžืื” ื”ืชืฉืข-ืขืฉืจื” ืžืื›ืกื ื™ื ื‘ืชื™ ืงืคื” ื•ืžืกืขื“ื•ืช ืื•ืคื ืชื™ื™ื, ื›ืžื• ืงื•ืฆ'ื™ื ื” ื ื˜ื•ืœืช ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื” ื•ืžืกืขื“ืช ืคื™ื•ื–'ืŸ ื›ืฉืจื”. ืœื”ืชื›ื•ืคืฃ ืœืชื•ืš ื’ื•ืžื—ื•ืช ื‘ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืฆื“ื“ื™ื™ื ืžื•ืกืชืจื™ื ื”ื™ื˜ื‘ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžืฆื•ื ืื•ืœืคื ื™ื ืฉื‘ื”ื ื‘ืขืœื™ ืžืœืื›ื” ืžืกืชื•ื‘ื‘ื™ื, ืชืคื™ืจื” ื•ืคื™ืกื•ืœ ืฉืœ ื™ืฆื™ืจื•ืช ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ื•ืช.

ื–ื™ื›ืจื•ืŸ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื•ื‘ื—ืŸ ื‘ื›ื•ืก ื™ื™ืŸ. ื”ืขื™ื™ืจื” ื”ื•ืงืžื” ืขืœ ื”ืื’ืคื™ื ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ื™ื ื”ืคื•ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืจ ื”ื›ืจืžืœ ื‘ -1888. ื‘ื”ื–ืจืžืช ืžื–ื•ืžืŸ ืžืื“ืžื•ื ื“ ื“ื” ืจื•ื˜ืฉื™ืœื“, ื—ืœืง ืžืฉื•ืฉืœืช ื”ื‘ื ืงืื•ืช ื”ืฆืจืคืชื™ืช, ื”ืคื›ื” ื–ื›ืจื•ืŸ ืœื“ืจืš ืœืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ืช. ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื”ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืžืคื’ืฉ ื˜ืขื™ืžื•ืช ื‘ื™ืงื‘ ืชืฉื‘ื™, ื‘ืžืจื—ืง ืฉืœ 4 ืง"ืž ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช ืœืขื™ืจ, ืœื™ื”ื ื•ืช ืžืžืœื‘ืง ื•ืฉื™ืจืื– ืžืชื•ื‘ืœื™ื ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ืฉื•ืงื•ืœื“ื™ื ืชื•ืฆืจืช ื‘ื™ืช.

ืชืฉื™ืงื• ืืช ืขืฆืžื›ื ืœื—ื™ืคื” ื‘ื—ื™ืคื”

ื”ื™ืฆื™ืื” ืžื–ื™ื›ืจื•ืŸ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืจื•ื˜ 2, 25 ืง"ืž ื”ื‘ื ืฉืœ ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ื”ืžื”ื™ืจ ืœื™ื ื”ื™ื ื ืกื™ืขื” ืžืจื’ื™ืขื”, ืขื“ ืฉืชื’ื™ืข ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ื‘ืื•ืงื˜ืŸ ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ื—ื™ืคื”. ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ืช ื‘ื’ื•ื“ืœื” ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืžืชื ื’ืฉืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ืกื’ื ื•ื ื•ืช ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœื™ื™ื, ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื™ืช ืกื˜ื•ื“ื ื˜ื™ื ื ืœื”ื‘ืช, ืžื˜ื‘ื—ื™ื ืขื•ืœืžื™ื™ื ื•ื—ื™ื™ ืœื™ืœื” ืจื•ื˜ื˜ื™ื. ืฉื›ื•ื ื•ืช ื—ื™ืคื” ื ืขืจืžื•ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืจ ื”ื›ืจืžืœ ืœื™ื ื”ืชื™ื›ื•ืŸ. ื”ืชื—ื™ืœื• ื‘ืจืืฉ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื‘ื’ื ื™ื ื”ื‘ื”ืื™ื, ืฉื ืžื–ืจืงื•ืช ืžืคื˜ืคื˜ื•ืช, ืขืจื•ื’ื•ืช ืคืจื—ื™ื ืžืขื•ื˜ืจื•ืช ื‘ื˜ื•ื‘ ื˜ืขื ืขื ืคืกืœื™ื, ื•ืืช ืœื”ื‘ื™ ื”ื“ืฉื ื ืจืื” trimmed ืืœ ืชื•ืš ืžื™ืœื™ืžื˜ืจ ืื—ื“ ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื ื™. ืชืฉืข ืขืฉืจื” ื’ื ื™ื ืžื“ื•ืจื’ื™ื ื–ื•ืจืžื™ื ืืœ ืžืงื“ืฉ ืžืœื•ื˜ืฉ, ืฉื‘ื• ื”ื ื‘ื™ื - ื”ื‘ืฉืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืืžื•ื ื” ื”ื‘ื”ืื™ืช ื”ื•ื ื— ืœืžื ื•ื—ื”.

ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื ืกืข ื“ืจืš ื”ื’ื ื™ื, ื–ื™ื’ื–ื’ ื”ื ืชื™ื‘ื™ื ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœ ื‘ืกื•ืคื• ืฉืœ ื“ื‘ืจ ืœืžื•ืฉื‘ื” ื”ื’ืจืžื ื™ืช ื‘ื—ื™ืคื”. ื˜ื™ื™ืœื• ืœืื•ืจืš ืฉื“ืจืช ื”ืฉื“ืจื”, ืฉื“ 'ื‘ืŸ ื’ื•ืจื™ื•ืŸ, ืœืชืขืจื•ื‘ืช ืฉืœ ืื•ื›ืœ ืžืฉื•ื‘ื— ืžืื™ืจื•ืคื” ื•ืžื–ืจื— ืื™ืจื•ืคื” - ืื•ืœื™ ืžืืคื™ื ื‘ืฉืจื ื™ื™ื ืžื‘ื•ืฉืœื™ื ื‘ื“ื•ื–ืืŸ ื•ืื—ืจื™ื”ื ืงื•ื ืืคื” (ืงื™ื ื•ื— ื—ื, ืžืชื•ื‘ืœ ื‘ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ืขืœ ื‘ืกื™ืก ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ื•ืžืขืœื™ื” ื‘ืฆืง ืคืจื™ืš ื•ืคื™ืกื˜ื•ืงื™ื) ื‘ืฉื˜ืจื•ื“ืœ, ื•ื‘ื™ืจื” ื‘"ืื•ืง ื‘ืจ ". ืžืชืคืชืœ ืžื–ืจื—ื” ืœืขื‘ืจ ื•ืื“ื™ ืจื—ื•ื‘, ืœื—ืคื•ืจ ืœืชื•ืš ื”ืจื•ื‘ืข ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ ื•ืื“ื™ ื ื™ืกื ืืก ืฉื‘ื• ืขืฉืจื•ืช ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ ืงื™ืจ ืžื”ื•ื•ื™ื ืืช ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืœืœื ืงื™ืจื•ืช, ื’ืœืจื™ื” ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™ืช ื‘ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ื”ืคืชื•ื—. ื›ืฉื”ืฉืžืฉ ืฉื•ืงืขืช, ื‘ืจ-ื•ืค ืœืื•ืจืš ืจื—ื•ื‘ ืžืกื“ื”, ืžืคื˜ืคื˜ื™ื ื‘ืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™ืงื” ื‘ืืœื™ืงื” ืื• ืžืงื™ืฉื™ื ื‘ื”ื•ื ื•ืช ืœืคืก ื”ืงื•ืœ ืฉืœ "ืงืคื”". ืจืฆื•ืขื” ื–ื• ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื™ ืœื™ืœื” ืขืฆื‘ื ื™ืช ื”ื™ื ืกื•ืฃ ืจืขื•ืข ืœืžื“ื™ ืœื™ื•ื ื‘ื—ื™ืคื”.

ืœืœื›ืช ืœืื™ื‘ื•ื“ ืขื›ื• ืžื‘ื•ืš

ืžื—ื™ืคื”, ืจื•ื˜ื” 4 ืขื•ืงื‘ืช ืื—ืจื™ ืžืคืจืฅ ืืจื•ืš ืœืขื›ื•, ืฉื ื—ืฉื‘ืช ืœืื—ืช ื”ืขืจื™ื ื”ืขืชื™ืงื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื. ื”ืกื•ื—ืจื™ื ื”ื ื™ื—ื• ืคืขื ืืช ื”ื’ืžืœื™ื ืฉืœื”ื ื‘ืขื›ื• ื—ืื ื™ื (ืคื•ื ื“ืงื™ื), ืฉืจื‘ื™ื ืžื”ื ื”ืงืฉืชื•ืช ื”ืžืจืขื™ืฉื•ืช ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ืขืจื™ืฅ. ื›ืžื• ื‘ื™ืžื™ ื”ืฉื™ื ืฉืœื” ื”ืขื•ืช'ืžืื ื™, ืฉื•ืง ืกืืœ ืืœ Abiad ืžื•ืงืฃ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืขื ื•ืจื“ื™ื, ืงื˜ื•ืจืช ื•ืืช ื”ื˜ืขื ื”ืžืœื•ื— ืฉืœ ืœืชืคื•ืก ืืช ื”ื™ื•ื, ืื ื›ื™ ื˜ืืคืืก ื•ืขืžื“ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืจื” ืžืœืื›ื” ื”ื ื’ื ืœืžืฆื•ื ืžืงื•ื ืœืกื—ื•ืจ ื›ืืŸ.

ื’ื•ืœืช ื”ื›ื•ืชืจืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ืขืชื™ืงื” ื”ื™ื ืžืกื’ื“ ืืœ ื’'ื–ืืจ ืžื”ืžืื” ื” -18, ืžื›ื•ืกื” ืื–ืžืจื’ื“, ืขื ื–ื›ื•ื›ื™ืช ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™ืช ื•ืงืœื™ื’ืจืคื™ื”. ืื‘ืœ ื”ืจื™ื’ื•ืฉื™ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืขื›ื• ื ืžืฆืื™ื ืžืชื—ืช ืœืจื’ืœื™ื›ื, ืขื ืžื ื”ืจืช ื”ื˜ืžืคืœืจื™ื ืฉืœ 350 ืž 'ื•ืื•ืœืžื•ืช ื”ืื‘ื™ืจื™ื ื”ืžื›ื•ื‘ื“ื™ื, ื”ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ื”ืฆืฆื” ืืœ ืขื‘ืจ ืขื›ื• ื”ืฆืœื‘ื ื™ ื”ืงื‘ื•ืจ ืฉืœ ืขื›ื•. ื›ืฉื”ืจืืฉ ืฉืœืš ืžืชื—ื™ืœ ืœื”ืกืชื—ืจืจ ืขื ืžืื•ืช ืฉื ื•ืช ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืฉืœ ืขื›ื•, ืชื™ืจื’ืข ืขื ืกืขื•ื“ืช ืคื™ืจื•ืช ื™ื ื‘ืื•ืจื™ ื‘ื•ืจื™.

ืœื˜ืคืก ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ื˜ื‘ืข ืœืื•ืžื™ ืื›ื–ื™ื‘

ื‘ืžืจื—ืง ืฉืœ ื›ืขืฉืจื” ืง"ืž ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœืขื›ื• ืฉื•ื›ื ืช ืขื™ืจ ื”ื ื•ืคืฉ ื”ืคื•ืคื•ืœืืจื™ืช ื ื”ืจื™ื”, ืืš ื’ืŸ ืขื“ืŸ ืืžื™ืชื™ ื”ื•ื ืจืง ืงืฆืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฆืคื•ื ื”: ืœืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ืื›ื–ื™ื‘ ื™ืฉ ืœื’ื•ื ื•ืช ืžื–ื•ื’ื’ื•ืช, ืžืคืจืฆื•ื ื™ื ืžื•ื’ื ื™ื ื•ืžื—ื ื•ืช ื—ื•ืฃ ืฉื‘ื”ื ืžืฉืคื—ื•ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืœืฆืขื•ื“ ื”ื™ื™ืฉืจ ืžืŸ ื”ืื•ื”ืœื™ื ืฉืœื”ืŸ ืœื™ื ื”ืชื™ื›ื•ืŸ. ืžื•ื’ืŸ ืชื—ืช ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ืžืื– 1968, ืงื• ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ืžื’ื•ื•ื ืช ื›ื•ืœืœืช ืคืชื—ื™ ื—ืœื•ืงื™ื, ื‘ืจื™ื›ื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืžืคืจืฆื•ื ื™ื spangled ืขื ื›ื•ื›ื‘ื™ ื™ื ื›ืœื ื™ื•ืช ื”ื™ื. ื–ื” ื’ื ืืชืจ ืงื™ื ื•ืŸ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืฆืคืจื“ืข ื•ื™ื ืฆื‘ื™ื ื™ืจื•ืงื™ื, ื•ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื ื™ื•ืœื™ ื•ืื•ื’ื•ืกื˜ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจ ืžื–ืœ ืžืกืคื™ืง ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืฆื™ืฅ ืฆื‘ื™ื ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง ืžื•ื—ื–ืจ ืœื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืชื•ื›ื ื™ื•ืช ื”ืจื‘ื™ื™ื” ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื•ืช.

ื›ืžืขื˜ ื‘ื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืžื•ื’ืŸ ื”ื•ื ืžื™ืงืจื•ื ื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืฉื›ื ื”. ืขืงื•ื‘ ืื—ืจ ืฉืœื˜ื™ "ืื‘ื™ ืื‘ื™" ืœื™ื“ ื”ื›ื ื™ืกื” ืœืคืืจืง, ื•ืื– ื”ื›ืจื–ื” ืžื•ื“ื™ืขื” ืขืœ ื”ื’ืขืชืš ืœืื—ื–ื™ื‘ืœื ื“. ืคืจื™ ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื• ืฉืœ ืืœื™ ืื‘ื™ื‘ื™, ืื—'ื–ื™ื‘ืœื ื“, ื ื•ืฆืจื” ื›ื ืกื™ื’ื” ื”ื™ืคื™ืช ื‘ืฉื ื•ืช ื” -70. ืื‘ื™ื‘ื™ ื”ื›ืจื™ื– ืขืœื™ื” ื›ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืขืฆืžืื™ืช ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื”ื•ื ื•ื™ืชืจ ืขืœ ืื–ืจื—ื•ืช ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ืช, ื‘ืชื’ื•ื‘ื” ืœื ื™ืกื™ื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืžืžืฉืœื” ืœื’ื“ืจ ืืช ืื“ืžืชื• ืžื—ื•ืฃ ื”ื™ื. ืžืขืจื™ืฅ ืืช ื”ื“ืขื•ืช, ืœืขื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืฉืœ curios, ื•ืื ืืชื” ื‘ืจ ืžื–ืœ, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืืคื™ืœื• ืœืงื‘ืœ ื—ื•ืชืžืช ื“ืจื›ื•ืŸ.

ืžืงืคืฆื™ื ืขื“ ืœื’ืจื•ื˜ืื•ืช ืจืืฉ ื”ื ืงืจื”

ื—ืžื™ืฉื” ืง"ืž ื ื•ืกืคื™ื ื‘ืžืขืœื” ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™ ื”ื ืจืืฉ ื”ื’ื‘ืขื”, ื”ื ืžืฆืืช ื‘ืกืžื•ืš ืœื’ื‘ื•ืœ ืขื ืœื‘ื ื•ืŸ. ื›ืœื™ ืฉื™ื˜ ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ื™ื ืžืขื•ื’ื ื™ื ืœืฆืžื™ืชื•ืช ื‘ืžื™ื ืืœื”. ื‘ื™ื‘ืฉื”, ืฉื•ืžืจื™ ืจื•ื‘ื” ืžื ืคื ืคื™ื ืืช ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื‘ื—ื ื™ื•ืŸ. ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉื”ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ื”ืฆื‘ืื™ืช ื”ื™ื ืชื•ืคืขื” ืฉื›ื™ื—ื” ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ, ืื™ืŸ ืกืคืง ืฉื”ื’ื‘ื•ืœ ื”ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ืกื•ืฃ ื”ื“ืจืš.

ื‘ื ืงื•ื“ื” ื–ื• ืฉืœ ื™ื•ืคื™ ื’ื™ืื•ืœื•ื’ื™, ืขืžื•ื“ื™ ืื‘ืŸ ื’ื™ืจ ื”ืžื–ื›ื™ืจื™ื ืขืฆืžื•ืช ื“ื™ื ื•ื–ืื•ืจ ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช ื‘ื•ืœื˜ื™ื ืžืŸ ื”ื™ื. ืจื›ื‘ืœ ืžื˜ืคืœ ื‘ืžื•ืจื“ 60 ืžืขืœื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœื‘ืกื™ืก ื”ืฆื•ืงื™ื. ืžื›ืืŸ, ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื™ื ืœืžืขืจื•ืช ืžืคื•ืกืœื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื’ืื•ืช. ื’ืœื™ ื’ืœื™ื ื™ื•ืฆืจื™ื ื”ื“ ื’ืจื•ื ื™ ื‘ืชื•ืš ืชืื™ ื”ืœื‘ื ื™ื ื”ืœื‘ื ื™ื ื”ืืœื”, ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื” ืฉื‘ื”ื ืขื•ืœื” 16 ืž '. ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื™ื ืจื’ื•ืข, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืฉืžื•ืข ืืช ืจืคืจื•ืฃ ืฉืœ ืขื˜ืœืคื™ื ืคืจื™ ืžืื›ืœ. ืžืขืจื•ืช ืื•ืชืš ืžืŸ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™, ื”ืžืขืจื•ืช ืœืกืคืง ืจื’ืข ืฉืœ ืจื•ื’ืข ื˜ื”ื•ืจ ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ื”ืžืกืข ืฉืœืš.

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ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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