ืกื•ื“ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืงื‘ืจื™ื ื•ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ืžืฆืจื™ื - Lonely Planet

ืกื•ื“ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืงื‘ืจื™ื ื•ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ืžืฆืจื™ื - Lonely Planet

ื”ืคื™ืจืžื™ื“ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื’ื™ื–ื”, ื”ืคืœืื•ืช ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ืขืชื™ืง, ื”ืŸ ืœืœื ืกืคืง ื”ืื˜ืจืงืฆื™ื” ื”ืžื‘ื•ืงืฉืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืžืฆืจื™ื, ื•ืžืกื™ื‘ื” ื˜ื•ื‘ื”. ืื‘ืœ ื‘ืžืขืœื” ื ื”ืจ ื”ื ื™ืœื•ืก, ื”ืขื•ืจืง ื”ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืฉืžื‘ืจืš ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืœื•ืช ื”ืฉื•ืžืžื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืกื”ืจื” ืขื ื—ื™ื™ื ืฉื•ืคืขื™ื, ื”ืงื‘ืจื™ื ื•ื”ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืฆืจื™ื ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช ืฉื•ื›ื ื™ื ืืช ื”ื—ื™ื“ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื, ื”ืžืžืชื™ื ื•ืช ืœื”ืžืชื ื”.

ื›ืฉืจืื” ืืช ื”ืืชืจื™ื ื”ืžืคื•ืืจื™ื ื•ื”ืขืชื™ืงื™ื ื”ืืœื”, ืžืืคืฉืจื™ื ืœื”ื ืœืงืคื•ืฅ ืœื—ื™ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืฉื”ื ื™ื›ืœื• ืื™ ืคืขื ืžืื—ื•ืจื™ ื–ื›ื•ื›ื™ืช ื‘ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื–ืจ. ืžืœื•ืงืกื•ืจ, ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื” ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช "ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ืคืชื•ื—", ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ื ื™ืœื•ืก ืขื“ ืืกื•ืืŸ, ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ื•ื“ืจื•ื ืžืฆืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืงื‘ืจื™ื ืขื•ืžื“ื™ื ืขื ื”ื“ืœืชื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื ืคืชื•ื—, ืžื–ืžื™ืŸ ื‘ืœืฉื™ื ื”ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ืช ืœื—ืฉื•ืฃ ืืช ื”ืกื•ื“ื•ืช ื•ืืช ื”ืžืกืชื•ืจื™ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืฆื™ื•ื•ื™ืœื™ื–ืฆื™ื” ื”ืขืชื™ืงื” ื”ื–ืืช ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืฉื”ืžืฆืจื™ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืงื•ืจืื™ื ืœื” ืื•ื ืืœ ื“ื•ื ื™ื”, ืื ื”ืขื•ืœื.

ืงืจื ืง

ืžืชื—ื ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืžืฆืจื™ื, ืงืจื ืง ื”ื™ื” ื”ื•ื•ืชื™ืงืŸ ืฉืœ ื™ื•ืžื•. ืขืฉืจ ืงืชื“ืจืœื•ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืžื•ืœื ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ื—ืœืœ, ืืฉืจ ืžื›ืกื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืž 2 ืง"ืž ืจื‘ื•ืขื™ื ื•ื”ื•ื ืžื›ื™ืœ ืžืกืคืจ ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื, ื‘ืชื™ื timhorn ื•ื‘ืจื™ื›ื” ืงื“ื•ืฉื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื ืคืงื•ืช ื”ืงื•ืจื‘ื ื•ืช. ื™ืฉ ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืฉืžืขื•ืœื ืœื ื—ืœืคื• ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ื”ืื“ื™ืจ ืฉืœ ืขืžื•ืŸ-ืจื”, "ื‘ื™ืชื•" ื”ืืจืฆื™ ืฉืœ ืžืœืš ื”ืืœื™ื ื•ืื‘ ืคืจืขื”, ืฉืฆื•ืžื— ื‘ื™ืขืจ ืฉืœ ืขืžื•ื“ื•ืช ืขืžื•ืกื•ืช ื‘ื’ื•ื‘ื” ืฉืœ 10 ืžื˜ืจื™ื ื”ื™ืจื•ื’ืœื™ืคื™ื™ื (ื•ืื›ืŸ, ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืœืœื›ืช ืœืื™ื‘ื•ื“ ื‘ืชื•ืš ื–ื” ืžื’ืจืฉ ื”ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžืฉื—ืง ืžื—ื‘ื•ืื™ื-ืœื—ืคืฉ). ืื‘ืœ ื™ืฉ ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื—ืงื•ืจ, ืื ื›ื™ ื›ืžื” ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื ื—ืคืจ.

ื”ืกื•ื“ ืฉืœ ืงืจื ืง ื ืžืฆื ื‘ื›ื ื™ืกื” ืฉืœื•, ื•ื–ื” ืžืคืชื” ืœืจื•ืฅ ื™ืฉืจ ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ืงื™ืจื•ืช ืชืคืœ, unecorated ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ืื•ืฆืจื•ืช ื‘ืคื ื™ื. ืขืœ ืคื ื™ 1500 ืฉื ื”, ืงืจื ืง ื ื‘ื ื”, ืงืฆื•ืฅ, ื”ืฉืชื ื”, ื ื”ืจืก ื•ื ื‘ื ื” ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ 30 ืคืจืขื•ื ื™ื. ื›ื›ืœ ืฉืืชื” ื”ื•ืœืš ืจื—ื•ืง ื™ื•ืชืจ ืืœ ืชื•ืš ื”ืžืชื—ื, ืืช ื”ื’ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืฉืืชื” ื ื•ืกืข, ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ืคืš ืืช ื”ืื–ื•ืจ ืฉืืชื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื ื›ื ืก ื—ื“ืฉ ื™ื—ืกื™ืช. ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื—ื“ืฉ ืœืžืขืฉื”, ื›ื™ ื”ื‘ื ื™ื™ื” ืžืขื•ืœื ืœื ื”ื•ืฉืœืžื”, ื•ืืช ืฉืจื™ื“ื™ื ืฉืœ ืจืžืคื•ืช ื‘ื•ืฅ ื›ื™ ื”ืขื•ื‘ื“ื™ื ื”ืฉืชืžืฉื• ืœื”ืจื›ื™ื‘ ืืช ื”ืฉืขืจ ื”ื–ื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืฉื•ื›ื‘ ืฉื ืžื—ื›ื” ืœืฉืžืฉ ืืœืคื™ ืฉื ื™ื ืžืื•ื—ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ.

ืžืงื“ืฉ ืœื•ืงืกื•ืจ

ืขืงื•ื‘ ืื—ืจื™ ื”ืฉื“ืจื” ืฉื ื—ืคืจื” ื›ืžืขื˜ ืขื ืกืคื™ื ืงืก ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืงืจื ืง ืืœ ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ืœื•ืงืกื•ืจ, ืžืขื•ื’ื ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืฉื ื™ ืคืกืœื™ื ืขื ืงื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืจืขืžืกืก ื”ืฉื ื™, ืื—ื“ ื”ืžื ื”ื™ื’ื™ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืฆืจื™ื ื”ืขืชื™ืงื” ืฉืื”ื‘ ืœื”ืจืื•ืช ืืช ื›ื•ื—ื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื˜ื™ื— ืืช ืคื ื™ื• ืขืœ ื”ืžืžืœื›ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžืžืœื›ื”. ืžืžื•ืงื ื‘ืžืจื›ื– ื”ื‘ื™ืจื” ื”ืขืชื™ืงื” ืฉืœ ืชื™ื‘ืก, ืžืงื“ืฉ ืœื•ืงืกื•ืจ ื›ื‘ืจ ื‘ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืžืชืžืฉืš ื›ืžืขื˜ ื›ืžืงื•ื ืคื•ืœื—ืŸ ืžืื– ื”ืงืžืชื” ื‘ืžืื” ื” -13 ืœืคื ื”"ืก. ื”ื•ื ื ื‘ื ื” ื‘ืžืงื•ืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื›ื‘ื“ ืืช ื”ืคืจืขื•ื ื™ื ื•ืืช ื”ืืœื™ื ืžืขืจื™ืฆื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืงื“ืžื•ื ื™ื, ืื‘ืœ ืื ืืชื” ืžืกืชื›ืœ ืžืงืจื•ื‘ ืžืกืคื™ืง, ืชืžืฆื ืขื“ื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื“ืชื•ืช ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ.

ื”ืžืฉื•ืœื‘ ื‘ืžื‘ื ื” ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ืขืฆืžื• ื”ื•ื ื™ืกื•ื“ื•ืช ื”ืžืกื’ื“ ืฉืœ ืื‘ื• ืืœ-ื—ื’ื’, ืฉื ื‘ื ื” ื‘ื™ืžื™ ื”ื‘ื™ื ื™ื™ื. ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ืฉืœ ืœื•ืงืกื•ืจ ื›ืžืขื˜ ื ืงื˜ืข ืชื—ืช ืžืื•ืช ืฉื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืคืกื•ืœืช ื•ื’ืจื•ื˜ืื•ืช, ืฉื”ืงื™ืžื• ืžืคืœืก ืžืœืื›ื•ืชื™ ื—ื“ืฉ ืฉื”ืชื—ื™ืœื• ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ืœื‘ื ื•ืช ืขืœื™ื•, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื“ืœืช ื”ื›ื ื™ืกื” ื”ืจืืฉื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžืกื’ื“ ื ืžืฆืืช ื›ืขืช ื‘ืืžืฆืข ื”ื“ืจืš ื‘ืงื™ืจ.

ืื•ืœื™ ื”ืžืกื’ื“ ืื™ื ื• ืกื•ื“, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืื ืืชื” ืžื‘ืงืจ ื‘ืฉืขื•ืช ื”ืฆื”ืจื™ื™ื ืื–ืืŸ (ืงืจื™ืื” ืœืชืคื™ืœื”), ืืฉืจ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœื–ืขื–ืข ืืช ืขื•ืจ ื”ืชื•ืฃ ืฉืœืš ืื ืืชื” ืขื•ืžื“ ืžืžืฉ ืžืชื—ืช ืœืฆืจื™ืคื™ื. ืื‘ืœ ื‘ืžื•ืจื“ ื”ืงื•ืžืคืœืงืก ื ืžืฆืื™ื ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ื ื“ื”ื•ื™ื™ื ืžื”ืชืงื•ืคื” ื”ื ื•ืฆืจื™ืช ื”ืงื“ื•ืžื”, ืžื˜ื•ื™ื—ื™ื ื‘ืขื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ื”ื™ืจื•ื’ืœื™ืคื™ื. ื”ืคื ื™ื ื”ืžื•ืฉืชืœื™ื ืžื‘ื™ื˜ื™ื ื‘ืกืงืจื ื•ืช ืœืขื‘ืจ ื”ืงื™ืฉื•ื˜ื™ื ื”ืžืงื•ืจื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืืœ ื”ืžืฆืจื™ ื”ื™ื•ืฉื‘ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื˜ื‘ืขืช ืฉืœ ืงื•ื‘ืจื•ืช ื—ืจื•ื˜ื•ืช ื•ืงืจื˜ื•ืฉื™ื.

ืขืžืง ื”ืžืœื›ื™ื

ื‘ื™ืžื™ ืงื“ื, ื”ื’ื“ื” ื”ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื ื™ืœื•ืก, ืฉื‘ื” ื”ืฉืžืฉ ื”ืฉื•ืงืขืช ืžืฉืœื™ื›ื” ืืช ืงืจื ื™ื” ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช ืขืœ ื—ื•ืœื•ืช ื”ื–ื”ื‘ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื“ื‘ืจ, ื ืจืืชื” ื›ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžืชื™ื, ื•ืื™ืœื• ื”ื’ื“ื” ื”ืžื–ืจื—ื™ืช, ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืœื‘ืจืš ืืช ืื•ืจ ื”ื‘ื•ืงืจ, ื”ื™ืชื” ื‘ื™ืชื ืฉืœ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื. ื”ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช ืžืžืขืจื‘ ืœื•ืงืกื•ืจ ืžืกืชื™ืจื•ืช ืืช ื”ืžืฆืจื™ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืžืฆืจื™ื, ืขืžืง ื”ืžืœื›ื™ื. ืžื‘ื—ื•ืฅ, ื”ืงื‘ืจื™ื ื ืจืื™ื ื›ืžื• ืคืชื—ื™ื ืคืฉื•ื˜ื™ื ื•ืคืฉื•ื˜ื™ื ืฉื ื—ืฆื‘ื• ื‘ืกืœืข, ืื‘ืœ ื ื›ื ืกื™ื ืคื ื™ืžื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ื“ื•ื’ืžืื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืืžื ื•ืช ืฉืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืฉื•ืจื“ื•ืช ืžืŸ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ืขืชื™ืง.

ื™ื•ืชืจ ืž -60 ืงื‘ืจื™ื ื”ืชื’ืœื• ื‘ืขืžืง ื”ืžืœื›ื™ื, ืื‘ืœ ืจืง ืงื˜ืข ืžืกืชื•ื‘ื‘ ืฉืœ ื› -15 ืคืชื•ื— ืœืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ ื‘ื›ืœ ื–ืžืŸ ื ืชื•ืŸ. ื–ืžืŸ ืจื‘ ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื”ื•ืฆื™ืื• ืืช ืกืจืงื•ืคื™ื”ื ื•ืืช ืขืจื™ืžื•ืช ืฉืœ ืื•ืฆืจื•ืช ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ืฉืœืื—ืจ ื”ืžื•ื•ืช - ื ืœืงื—ื• ื›ื“ื™ ืœืงืฉื˜ ื‘ืชื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ื•ืœืื›ืœืก ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ื ื™ื ืžืขืจื‘ื™ื™ื ืจื—ื•ืงื™ื - ื›ืžื” ืงื‘ืจื™ื ื‘ืขืžืง ื”ืžืœื›ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืื›ื–ื‘ื™ื. ืื‘ืœ ืœืื—ืจื•ื ื” ืฉื•ืคืฅ ืœืื—ืจื•ื ื” ืงื‘ืจ ืฉืœ Seti I, ื ืกื’ืจ ืžืื– 1991 ืื‘ืœ ืกื•ืฃ ืกื•ืฃ ื ืคืชื— ืžื—ื“ืฉ ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ืฉื ืช 2016, ื”ื•ื ืœืœื ืจื‘ื‘ ื•ื”ื•ื ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื’ื•ืœืช ื”ื›ื•ืชืจืช ืฉืœ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ืฉืœืš ืœืžืฆืจื™ื.

ื‘ืงื•ืฉื™, ื‘ื’ืœืœ ื“ืžื™ ื”ื›ื ื™ืกื” ื”ืžืขื˜ื™ื (1,000 ืœื™ืฉ"ื˜, ื› -40 ืœื™ืฉ"ื˜), ืงื‘ืจื• ืฉืœ ืกื˜ื™ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ื›ืžื• ืกื•ื“ ื‘ืžืจืื” ื’ืœื•ื™, ื•ื–ื” ืฉื•ื•ื” ืืช ื”ื”ืชืคืจืฆื•ืช: ื–ื”ื• ืื—ื“ ืžื”ื ืคืœืื•ืช ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืžืฆืจื™ื, ืฉืœื ืœื“ื‘ืจ ืขืœื™ื”ืŸ, ืืคื™ืœื• ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื”ื•ื ืžืœื superlatives. ืงื‘ืจ ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ื”ืืจื•ืš ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื”ืขืžื•ืง ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ื”ืฉืœื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขืžืง ื”ืžืœื›ื™ื, ื•ืืžื ื•ืชื• ืงื•ื‘ืขืช ืืช ื”ืชืงื“ื™ื ืœื›ืœ ืงื‘ืจ ืฉืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ ืฉื ื‘ื ื” ื›ืืŸ. ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื• ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ื ืœื›ืกื•ืช ื›ืœ ืžืขื‘ืจ, ืงื‘ืจ ืฉืœ ืกื™ื˜ื™ ืื ื™ 137m-long ื”ื•ื ืื ื“ืจื˜ื” ืœืชื•ืจ ื”ื–ื”ื‘ ืฉืœ ื”ืืžื ื•ืช ื‘ืžืฆืจื™ื ื”ืขืชื™ืงื”. ื›ื•ื›ื‘ื™ื ืžื›ืกื™ื ืืช ื”ืชืงืจื”, ืฆื‘ื•ืขื™ื ื‘ืฉื—ื•ืจ ื›ืžื• ืฉืžื™ ื”ืœื™ืœื”.ืกืฆื™ื ื•ืช ื—ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืกื˜ื™ 1 ืขื ื”ืืœื™ื ื•ื”ืžืขื‘ืจื™ื ืžืชื•ืš ืกืคืจ ื”ืžืชื™ื ื•ื›ืชื•ื‘ื™ื ืงื“ื•ืžื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืžืชื ื•ืกืกื™ื ืขืœ ื›ืœ ืงื™ืจ ื•ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœืชืงืจื” ื”ืžื›ื•ืกื” (ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืžืกื•ื’ื”) ื‘ื—ื“ืจ ื”ืงื‘ื•ืจื”. ื”ืฆื‘ืข ืฉื•ื—ื–ืจ ืœื”ืคืœื™ื, ื•ื–ื” ื ืจืื” ื›ืื™ืœื• ื”ืืžื ื™ื ื”ื™ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืกื™ื™ืžื• ืืชืžื•ืœ.

ืžืงื“ืฉ ืื“ืคื•

ืžื•ืงื“ืฉ ืœืืœ ื”ืฉืžืฉ ื—ื•ืจื•ืก, ืžืงื“ืฉ ืื“ืคื• ื”ื•ื ืื—ื“ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉื ืฉืžืจ ื‘ืžืฆืจื™ื ืื—ื“ ื”ืžืขื˜ื™ื ืขื ื”ื’ื’ ืฉืœื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ืžืงื•ื, ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ืคืš ืื•ืชื• ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืงืœ ืœื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ ืžื” ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ื™ื ื‘ื˜ื— ื”ื™ื” ื›ืžื• ืืœืคื™ ืฉื ื™ื ืœืคื ื™ ื›ืŸ, ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ืžืกืชืžืŸ ื‘ื”ื“ืจื’ื” ืžืฉืžืฉ ืžื“ื‘ืจื™ืช ื‘ื”ื™ืจื” ืืœ ืชื•ืš ื—ืฉื›ื” ืงืจื” ื•ื—ืฉื•ื›ื”. ื‘ื ื™ื™ืชื• ื”ืžืื•ื—ืจืช, ืฉื”ืชื—ื™ืœื” ืœืคื ื™ 2700 ืฉื ื” ื‘ืœื‘ื“, ืชืจืžื” ื›ื›ืœ ื”ื ืจืื” ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืจ ืฉืœื”, ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ืœื ืื•ืžืจ ืฉื”ื™ื ืœื ื”ืฉืชื ืชื” ืžืื–.

ืžื•ืกืชืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื”ื™ืจื•ื’ืœื™ืคื™ื ื”ืžืฆืจื™ื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืงื™ืจ ื”ืชื•ื—ื ื”ืื—ื•ืจื™ ื”ื•ื ื’ื™ืœื•ืฃ ืžื•ื–ืจ. ืงืฆื•ืฅ ืžืŸ ื”ืื‘ืŸ ื”ืžืงื•ืจื™ืช ื”ื•ื ืกืžืœ ืžืคืชื™ืข ืฉืœ ื“ื’, ืชื’ ื ื•ืฆืจื™ ืฉื ื•ืชืŸ ืจืžื– ืงื˜ืŸ ืฉืœ ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉื™ื ืžืื•ื—ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ื”ื–ื” ื•ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืžืชืคืœืœื™ื• ื”ื—ืœื• ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ืืช "ืืœ ื”ืฉืžืฉ" ื”ื—ื“ืฉ, ื™ืฉื•ืข ื”ืžืฉื™ื—. ืชืกืชื›ืœ ืœืžืขืœื” ื›ืฉืืชื” ื”ื•ืœืš ื‘ื—ื“ืจื™ื ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืื“ืคื• ื›ื“ื™ ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ืฉืืจื™ื•ืช ื”ืฉื—ื•ืจ ื”ืžืคื•ื™ื—ื•ืช ืฉื ืฉืืจื• ืžื”ืืฉ ืฉื ืฉืจืคื” ื›ืืŸ ืื—ืจื™ ืฉื”ื ืฆืจื•ืช ืื•ืžืฆื”, ื•ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ืคื’ืื ื™ื™ื ื›ืืœื” ื ืฆื˜ื•ื• ืœื”ื™ืกื’ืจ.

ืงื•ื ืื•ืžื‘ื•

ื‘ืขื•ืžื“ื• ื‘ื’ืื•ื•ื” ืขืœ ืขื™ืงื•ืœ ื”ื ื™ืœื•ืก, ืžืงื“ืฉ ืงื•ื ืื•ืžื‘ื•, ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ื”ื›ืคื•ืœ ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ ืฉืœ ืžืฆืจื™ื, ื”ื•ืงื“ืฉ ืœืฉื ื™ ืืœื™ื: ื”ืืœ ื”ืชื ื™ืŸ ืกื•ื‘ืง ื•ื”ื•ืจื•ืก. ืชื ื™ื ื™ ื”ื ื™ืœื•ืก ื”ื™ื• ืžืฉื•ื˜ื˜ื™ื ื‘ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ื•ืช ืขืœ ืฉื˜ื— ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ื•ื ื—ื ืงื• ื›ืฉื”ื ืžืชื™ื. ื™ื•ืชืจ ืž -300 ืžื•ืžื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžื›ื•ืœื•ืช ื ื—ืฉืคื• ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืžืงื•ื ื•ื”ืŸ ื ืžืฆืื•ืช ื›ืขืช ื‘ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ืชื ื™ื ื™ื ืœื™ื“ ื™ืฆื™ืืช ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ.

ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ื—ื•ื‘ื•ืชื™ื• ื”ืืœื•ื”ื™ื•ืช ื”ืื—ืจื•ืช, ื”ืืžื™ื ื• ื”ืงื“ืžื•ื ื™ื ื›ื™ ื”ื•ืจื•ืก ื”ื•ื ืจื•ืคื, ื•ื”ื ื”ื™ื• ื ื•ื”ืจื™ื ืœืงื•ื ืื•ืžื‘ื• ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ืจืคื. ื”ื”ื™ืจื•ื’ืœื™ืคื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืงื™ืจ ื”ืื—ื•ืจื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ื ื—ืฉื‘ื™ื ืœืชื™ืื•ืจ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื›ืœื™ื ืจืคื•ืื™ื™ื ืฉื ืจืฉืžื• ืื™ ืคืขื. ื› -40 ื›ืœื™ ื ื’ื™ื ื” ืžื’ื•ืœืคื™ื ื›ืืŸ, ืžืžืœืงื—ื™ื™ื ื•ืžืื–ืžืœื™ื ืœืกื›ื™ื ื™ื ื•ืื’ืจื˜ืœ ืขื ืงื˜ื•ืจืช ื‘ื•ืขืจืช.

ืคื™ืœื

ื‘ื’ื‘ื•ืœ ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ ืฉืœ ืžืฆืจื™ื ื”ืขืชื™ืงื”, ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ืฉืœ ืื™ื–ื™ืก ื‘ืื™ ืคื™ืœืื” ื”ื™ื” ืื—ื“ ื”ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ื”ืคื’ืื ื™ื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื™ื ืœืคืขื•ืœ ืœืื—ืจ ื”ื’ืขืช ื”ื ืฆืจื•ืช. ื”ืžื™ื ื”ืขื•ื ืชื™ื™ื ื”ืขื•ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื ื™ืœื•ืก ื”ื™ื• ืžื˜ื‘ื™ืขื™ื ื—ืœืงื™ืช ืืช ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ, ื•ื”ืฉืจื™ื“ื™ื ื”ืžื•ืฆืคื™ื ื”ื™ื• ืžื•ืขื“ืคื™ื ืขืœ ื—ื•ืงืจื™ื ื•ื™ืงื˜ื•ืจื™ืื ื™ื ืฉื—ืชืจื• ืืช ืกื™ืจื•ืชื™ื”ื ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืขืžื•ื“ื™ื ื•ื”ืงื™ื•ืกืงื™ื. ืคืจื•ื™ืงื˜ื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ื ื™ื™ื” ื‘ืกื›ืจ ื‘ืžืื” ื” -20 ืื™ื™ืžื• ืœื”ื˜ื‘ื™ืข ืืช ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ื›ื•ืœื•, ื›ืš ืฉืœืื—ืจ ื”ืชืขืจื‘ื•ืช ืื•ื ืกืงื•, ื”ื•ื ื”ื•ืขื‘ืจ ื‘ืœื•ืง ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื‘ืœื•ืง ืœืงืจืงืข ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ื”ืื™ ื”ืกืžื•ืš.

ืžืงื“ืฉ ื–ื” ื ื—ืฉื‘ ืœืžืงื•ื ืฉื‘ื• ื ื›ืชื‘ื” ื”ื”ื™ื’ืจื•ื’ืœื™ืคื™ืช ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื”, ืฉื ื—ืฆื‘ื” ื‘ืฉื ืช 394 ืœืกืคื™ืจื”, ืœืคื ื™ ืฉื”ื ืฆืจื•ืช ื ืขืฉืชื” ื ืคื•ืฆื” ื™ื•ืชืจ. ืชื‘ืœื™ื˜ื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืืœื™ื ื”ืžืฆืจื™ื™ื ื”ืงื“ื•ืžื™ื ื‘ืžืงื“ืฉ ื–ื” ืžื•ืฉื—ืชื™ื, ื•ืกืžืœื™ื ื ื•ืฆืจื™ื™ื ื ื—ืฆื‘ื• ืžืชื•ืš ื›ืžื”, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืžืกืคืจ ืฆืœื‘ื™ื ืงื•ืคื˜ื™ื™ื ื•ืžื–ื‘ื—.

ืื‘ื• ืกื™ืžื‘ืœ

ืžืฆื•ื“ื“ ืืœ ืฆื“ ืฉืœ ื”ื”ืจ, ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ื”ืื“ื™ืจ ืฉืœ ืจืขืžืกืก ื”ืฉื ื™ ื‘ืื‘ื• ืกื™ืžื‘ืœ ื ืจืื” ืžืื™ื™ื. ืืจื‘ืขื” ืคืกืœื™ื ื—ืžื•ืจื™ ืกื‘ืจ ื‘ื’ื•ื‘ื” 20 ืžื˜ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืคืจืขื” ื”ืžื–ื•ื”ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉื•ืžืจื™ื ืขืœ ื”ื›ื ื™ืกื”. ื—ื•ืœื•ืช ื”ืกืื”ืจื” ืฉื”ืฉืชื ื• ืœืœื ื”ืจืฃ ื›ื™ืกื• ืืช ื”ืžื‘ื ื” ืขื“ ืœื›ืชืคื™ ื”ืคืกืœื™ื, ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื—ื•ืงืจ ื”ืฉื•ื•ื™ื™ืฆืจื™ ื–'ืืŸ-ืœื•ืื™ ื‘ื•ืจืงื”ืจื“ื˜ ืžืขื“ ืขืœ ืคื ื™ื• ื‘ืฉื ื™ืช ื‘- 1813, ื˜ืจื™ื™ื ืžื’ื™ืœื•ื™ื• ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืฉืœ ืคื˜ืจื” ืœืžืขืจื‘ ืฉื ื” ืงื•ื“ื ืœื›ืŸ.

ื›ืžื• ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ื‘ืคื™ืœื”, ืžืงื“ืฉื™ ืื‘ื• ืกื™ืžื‘ืœ, ืฉืกื‘ืœื• ืžื™ืžื™ ื”ื ื”ืจ ื”ืขื•ืœื™ื ืžื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ืกื›ืจื™ื ืขืœ ื”ื ื™ืœื•ืก, ื”ื•ืขื‘ืจื• ืœืงืจืงืข ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ -1968. ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ื”ืžืงื•ืจื™ ื”ื™ื” ืžื›ื•ื•ืŸ, ื›ืš ืฉื‘ื›ืœ ืฉื ื” ื‘ -21 ื‘ืคื‘ืจื•ืืจ ื•ื‘ -21 ื‘ืื•ืงื˜ื•ื‘ืจ, ืจืขืžืกืก "ื™ื•ื ื”ื”ื•ืœื“ืช ื•ื”ื”ื›ืชืจื”, ืื•ืจ ืžืŸ ื”ื–ืจื™ื—ื” ื”ืžื•ืืจ ื‘ื—ืœืงื• ื”ื—ืฉื•ืš ืฉืœ ื”ื—ื“ืจื™ื, ืฉื‘ื• ื™ื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ืคืกืœื™ื ืฉืœ ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ืืœื™ื ื•ืขื•ื“ ื’ื™ืœื•ืฃ ืฉืœ ืจืขืžืกืก ื”ืฉื ื™. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืžืื– ื”ืžืขื‘ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ, ืชืื•ืจื” ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ืงื•ืจื” ืขืœ 22.

ืžืงื‘ืœ ืžื“ืจื™ืš

ื–ื” ืฉื•ื•ื” ืฉื›ื™ืจืช ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืœื—ืงื™ืจื•ืช ืฉืœืš, ืฉื›ืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื›ืžืขื˜ ืฉืœื˜ื™ื ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ืงื‘ืจื™ื ื”ืืœื” ืื• ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื. ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืืœื” ืคืœืื™ื ื”ื ืžืคืœื™ื’ื™ื ืžืกืคื™ืง ื›ื“ื™ ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ, ื”ื“ืจืš ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ (ื•ืื•ืœื™ ืจืง) ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืกื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืžืื—ื•ืจื™ ื”ืกืžืœื™ื ื”ื™ื ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื”ืžืชืžื—ื” Egyptology ืœืชืจื’ื ืขื‘ื•ืจืš. ืื™ืŸ ืžื“ืจื™ื›ื™ื ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ืงื‘ืจื™ื ื‘ืขืžืง ื”ืžืœื›ื™ื, ืื‘ืœ ื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืกื‘ื™ืจ ืขื ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ื—ื•ืฅ ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืืชื” ื ื›ื ืก.

ืœื”ืกืชื•ื‘ื‘

ื”ื“ืจืš ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ื•ืืช ื”ืงื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื™ื ืขืœ ืฉื™ื•ื˜ ื”ื ื™ืœื•ืก. ืกื™ืจื•ืช ืžื˜ืœื˜ืœื•ืช ืืช ื”ื ื”ืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืœื•ืงืกื•ืจ ืœืืกื•ืืŸ, ื•ื”ืŸ ื™ืชืงืฉืจื• ื‘ืชื—ื ื•ืช ื”ืืœื” ื‘ื“ืจืš ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ืคืœื’ื” ืฉืœ ื›ืžื” ื™ืžื™ื.

ืœื•ืจืŸ ืงื™ืช 'ื ืกืข ืœืžืฆืจื™ื ืขื ืชืžื™ื›ื” ืžืกืขื•ืช ืืงืกื•ื“ื•ืก. Lonely Planet ืชื•ืจืžื™ื ืœื ืžืงื‘ืœื™ื freebies ืชืžื•ืจืช ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ื—ื™ื•ื‘ื™.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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