ืžื” ืœืืจื•ื–: ืกื™ื ื™ ืฉืœ ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ืžืฆืจื™ื - ืœื•ื ืœื™ ืคืœืื ื˜

ืžื” ืœืืจื•ื–: ืกื™ื ื™ ืฉืœ ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ืžืฆืจื™ื - ืœื•ื ืœื™ ืคืœืื ื˜

ืžืฉืชืจืข ืžืงืฆื” ื”ื™ื ื”ืื“ื•ื ืขื“ ืœื ืงื•ื“ื” ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืžืฆืจื™ื, ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ืกื™ื ื™ ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืืช ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื ืœืื•ืจืš ื ื•ืคื™ื ืžื“ื‘ืจื™ื™ื ื—ืจื•ื›ื™ื, ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ืžื ื–ืจื™ื ืชื "ื›ื™ื™ื ื•ืขืœ ืžืขื‘ืจื™ ื”ืจื™ื ืจื—ื•ืงื™ื, ื›ื•ืœื ืชื•ืš ื”ื›ืจืชื ื‘ืžืกื•ืจื•ืช ื‘ื“ื•ืื™ื•ืช ืขืชื™ืงื•ืช.

ื ื•ืกื“ื” ื‘ืฉื ืช 2015 ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืงื•ืœืงื˜ื™ื‘ ืฉืœ ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ืฉื‘ื˜ื™ื ื‘ื“ื•ื•ื™ื, ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื›ืžืขื˜ 250km ื”ื•ื ื ืชื™ื‘ ื”ื”ืœื™ื›ื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืžืฆืจื™ื ืœืžืจื—ืงื™ื ืืจื•ื›ื™ื. ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื”ื›ื ื™ืกื” ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืœืกืฆื™ื ืช ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ื‘ืขื•ืœื, ืื‘ืœ ื—ืฆื™ ื”ืื™ ืกื™ื ื™ ืื™ื ื• ื–ืจ ืœืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื. ื”ืžืืžื™ื ื™ื ืขืฉื• ืืช ื”ืžืกืข ื”ื™ื‘ืฉืชื™ ืœืคืกื’ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืจ ืกื™ื ื™ ื‘ืžืฉืš ืžืื•ืช ืฉื ื™ื, ื•ืกืœืขื™ ื”ืžื“ื‘ืจ ืฆื•ื™ืจื• ื‘ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ื ืฉื”ื•ืชื™ืจื• ืขื•ืœื™ ืจื’ืœ ืžืชืงื•ืคืช ื”ืฆืœื‘ื ื™ื.

ื–ื” ื’ื ืื“ื™ื‘ ื•ืžืขืฉื™ ืœื˜ื™ื™ืœ ืฉื•ื‘ืœ ืขื ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื‘ื“ื•ืื™ ื•ื’ืžืœื™ื, ืืฉืจ ืžื•ืกื™ืฃ ืืœืžื ื˜ ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื™ ืžืฉื›ื ืข ืืœ ื”ื ื•ืฃ ื”ืžืจื”ื™ื‘. ื”ืœื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืœื˜ื™ื™ืœ ืงื˜ืข ืงื˜ืŸ ื‘ืชื•ืš ื›ืžื” ื™ืžื™ื ืื• ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืขื ื›ืœ ื”ืžืจื—ืง - ื”ืจืคืชืงื” ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ืžืฉืš ืขื“ ืฉื‘ื•ืขื™ื™ื.

ืื‘ืœ ืกื™ื ื™ ืื™ื ื• ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœ ื‘ืคืืจืง; ืžืฉื˜ื—ื™ื ื”ืงืจืงืข ืžืกื•ื‘ืš ื•ืชื ืื™ ืžื–ื’ ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ืงื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืืช ื”ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ืงืฉื” ื”ื•ืœืš. ื”ืžืคืชื— ืœืฉื’ืฉื•ื’ ื‘ื ื•ืฃ ื”ืžื›ืจื™ืข ื”ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ื”ื›ื ื” ื ื›ื•ื ื”, ื•ื”ื‘ืืช ื”ืขืจื›ื” ื”ื ื›ื•ื ื”. ื”ื ื” ื”ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืฉืœื ื• ืขืœ ืžื” ืœืืจื•ื– ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืขื ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ืกื™ื ื™.

ืขืœ ื”ืจื’ืœื™ื™ื

ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืžื“ืจื™ื›ื™ื ื”ื‘ื“ื•ืื™ื ืœื•ื‘ืฉื™ื ืกื ื“ืœื™ื ืžืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ื“ืงื™ืงื™ื, ืืš ืงื•ืฆื™ื ืฉื•ืคืขื™ื ื•ื—ื•ืœ ืžื—ื•ืกืคืก ืžืฉืžืขื ืฉื”ื ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ืžืกื•ื›ื ืช ืœื›ืœ ื”ืจื’ืœื™ื™ื, ืืš ืงืฉื•ื—ื•ืช ื‘ืžื“ื‘ืจ. ื ืขืœื™ื™ื ืงืœื•ืช ืื• ื ืขืœื™ ื”ืœื™ื›ื” ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ื”ื’ื ื” ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ื”ืฉื˜ื— ืื—ื™ื“. ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ื–ื•ื’ ื‘ืœืื™ ืฉืื™ื ื• ื’ื•ืจื ืœืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ื•ืช, ืฉื›ืŸ ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื•ืช ื•ืจื’ืœื™ื™ื ืžื–ื™ืขื•ืช ื”ื•ืคื›ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืขื•ืจ ืœืžื•ืงื“ ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืœื’ื™ืจื•ื™.

ื›ืืฉืจ ื‘ื•ื—ืจื™ื ื ืขืœื™ื™ื, ืœื“ืœื’ ืขืœ ื›ืœ ื“ื‘ืจ ืขื ืœื•ื—ื•ืช ืจืฉืช - ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื ืขืœื™ื™ื ืžืื•ื•ืจืจ ืœืืคืฉืจ ื”ืจื’ืœื™ื™ื ืœื ืฉื•ื, ื”ื ื’ื ื ื•ืชื ื™ื ื—ืชื™ื›ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืœ ืžืขืฆื‘ืŸ ื•ื—ืฆืฅ. ื”ื•ืกืคืช ื’ืจื‘ื™ ืฆืžืจ ืื•ืจ ืœืชืขืจื•ื‘ืช ื ื•ืชืŸ ืฉื›ื‘ืช ื”ื’ื ื” ื ื•ืกืคืช, ืื ื›ื™ ื’ืจื‘ ืžื ื™ืขืช ืงืœื˜ืช ื”ื•ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื—ื™ื™ื‘.

ืžื—ืคืฉ ืืช ื”ื—ืœืง

ืžืื– ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืœื ืกื•ืข ืขื ื’ืžืœื™ื, ื—ื™ืชื•ืš ืžืฉืงืœ ื”ื•ื ืœื ืžื›ืจื™ืข ื›ืžื• ืขืœ ืชืžื™ื›ื” ืขืฆืžื™ืช ืชืจืžื™ืœืื™ื. ืื‘ืœ ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ืฆื™ื•ื“ ืžื™ื ื™ืžื•ื ืžืคืฉื˜ ืืช ื”ืฉื’ืจื” ื”ื™ื•ืžื™ืช ื”ื•ื ืกื•ื’ ืœื’ืžืœื™ื, ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืคืจื™ื˜ื™ื ืจื‘ ืชื›ืœื™ืชื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ื’ื“ื™ื ื”ืžืขื‘ืจ ืžื™ืžื™ื ื—ืžื™ื ืœื™ืœื•ืช ืงืจื™ื.

ืจื˜ื™ื‘ื•ืช- wick ื‘ืกื™ืก ืฉื›ื‘ื•ืช ืขืฉื•ื™ ืฆืžืจ ืžืจื™ื ื• ืื• ื—ื•ืžืจ ืกื™ื ืชื˜ื™ ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืฉืœื‘ ืขื ื›ืžื” ื‘ื’ื“ื™ื ื—ืžื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืคื’ื– windproof ื›ื™ ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ื•ืกื™ืฃ ืื• ืœื”ืกื™ืจ ื‘ืขืช ื”ืฆื•ืจืš. ื›ืืฉืจ ื‘ื•ื—ืจื™ื ืฉื›ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืกื™ืก, ืฉืงืœื• ื’ืจืกืื•ืช ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ื•ืช, ื”ืžื›ืกื•ืช ืืช ื”ื–ืจื•ืขื•ืช ื•ื”ืจื’ืœื™ื™ื - ืœื ืจืง ืžื›ื‘ื“ื™ื ืืช ื”ื ื•ืจืžื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ื‘ื“ื•ื•ื™ืช ื”ืฉืžืจื ื™ืช, ืืœื ื’ื ืžื•ืกื™ืคื•ืช ื”ื’ื ื” ืžื”ืฉืžืฉ.

ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื”ื’ืฉื ื”ื•ื ื ื“ื™ืจ ื‘ื—ืฆื™ ื”ืื™ ืกื™ื ื™, ื’ืฉื ืžื–ืขื–ืข ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืฆืžืจืจ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžืกื•ื›ืŸ, ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ืคืš ืคื•ื ืฆ'ื• ืื• ืฆื™ื•ื“ ื’ืฉื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™.

ืกื™ื ื™ ื‘ืœื™ืœื”

ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ืžื“ื‘ืจื™ ืฆื•ื ืŸ ืžืชืงืจืจ ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืฉืžืฉ ืฉื•ืงืขืช. ื‘ื”ืชื—ืฉื‘ ื‘ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ ื”ื“ืจืžื˜ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืขืœื™ื•ืช, ืขืจื‘ื™ื ืงืจื™ืจื™ื ื•ื ืขื™ืžื™ื ื‘ื’ื‘ื”ื™ื ื ืžื•ื›ื™ื ื”ื•ืคื›ื™ื ืœืœื™ืœื•ืช ืงืคื•ืื™ื ื‘ืคืกื’ื•ืช ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื•ืช.

ื›ืžื• ื‘ื’ื“ื™ื, ืฆื“ื“ื™ื•ืช ื”ื™ื ื”ืžืคืชื— ืœืฉื™ื ื” ืœืœื ืงื•ืœ ืขืœ ืกื™ื ื™. ืฉืงื™ืช ืฉื™ื ื” ื—ืžื” (30 F / -1 C) ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ื•ืกื™ืฃ ืขื ืžืฉื™ ืื• ืกื™ื ืชื˜ื™ ืื ื™ื” ืฉืงื™ืช - ืื ื™ื” ืœื‘ื“ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืฉืžืฉ ื’ื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ืงืœ ืœื™ื“ ื”ื—ื•ืฃ, ื•ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ ื‘ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืขื ืฉืง ื”ืฉื™ื ื” ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื•ืช ืฆื•ื ื—ื•ืช. ื›ืืฉืจ ื‘ื•ื—ืจื™ื ืžื—ืฆืœืช ืฉื™ื ื” ืœืจืคื“ ื•ืœื‘ื“ื“ ืืช ื”ืงืจืงืข, ืงืฆืฃ ื”ื•ื ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืืฉืจ ื’ืจืกืื•ืช ืžืชื ืคื—ื•ืช, ืืฉืจ ืคื’ื™ืขื™ื ื”ืงื•ืฆื™ื ืฉื•ืคืข ืกืœืขื™ื ื—ื“ื™ื ืœืžืฆื•ื ื‘ืžื“ื‘ืจ.

ืžื“ืจื™ื›ื™ ื”ื‘ื“ื•ื•ื™ื ื ื•ื˜ื™ื ืœื™ืฉื•ืŸ ื‘ื—ื•ืฅ, ืขื˜ื•ืคื™ื ื‘ืฉืžื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ืขื‘ื•ืช ื”ืžืฉืžืฉื•ืช ืœืขื•ืžืกื™ ื’ืžืœื™ื, ื•ื›ืžื” ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื ื‘ื“ืจื›ื - ืฉืžื™ื ืžื“ื‘ืจื™ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืจื”ื™ื‘ื™ื ื‘ืืžืช. ืื•ื”ืœ, ืื ื›ื™, ืžืฆื™ืข ืคืจื˜ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื‘ืจื›ื” ืขืœ ื”ื—ืœืคืช ื‘ื’ื“ื™ื ื•ืžื‘ื˜ื™ื— ื›ื™ ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ ื–ื•ื—ืœื™ื ื•ื–ื•ื—ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ืกื™ื ื™ - ื ื—ืฉื™ื ื•ืขืงืจื‘ื™ื - ื ืฉืžืจื™ื ื‘ืžืคืจืฅ.

ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ื›ื•ื•ื™ื”

ืืคื™ืœื• ืขื ื›ื•ื‘ืข ืขื ืฉื•ืœื™ื™ื, ืžืฉืงืคื™ ืฉืžืฉ, ืงืจื ื”ื’ื ื”, ื”ืฉืžืฉ ืกื™ื ื™ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืืชื’ืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื›ืžื” ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ื›ื™ืกื•ื™, ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ืื—ืช ื”ื™ื ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ืžื˜ืจื™ื” ื˜ืจืงื™ื - ืื• ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืจืคืœืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื™ื ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ื™ื ื–ื” ืฆื•ื‘ืจ ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ื•ืช ื‘ืงืจื‘ ืชืจืžื™ืœืื™ื ultralight, ืื• ืžื˜ืจื™ื” ืžืชืงืคืœืช ืคืฉื•ื˜ื”.

ื˜ืง

ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื—ืฆื™ ื”ืื™ ืกื™ื ื™ ื”ื•ื ืคื•ื˜ื•ื’ื ื™ ืœื”ืคืœื™ื, ื ื•ืฉื‘ืช ื—ื•ืœ ืขืคืจ ืœืงืฆืจ ืืช ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืืœืงื˜ืจื•ื ื™ืงื” ืจื’ื™ืฉ. ืกืœื™ืœื™ ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ืืจื•ื–ื™ื ื‘ืชื•ืš ืžืืจื–ื™ ืžืฆืœืžื” ืžืกื™ื™ืขื™ื ื‘ื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ื”ื™ืœื•ืš, ื›ืžื• ื‘ืžืกื ืŸ ืงื™ื˜ื•ื‘ (ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืœื›ื™ื“ืช ืฆื™ืœื•ืžื™ื ื‘ืœืชื™ ื ืฉื›ื—ื™ื ื‘ืื•ืจ ื”ื‘ื”ื™ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื“ื‘ืจ).

ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื—ืœืง ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืžื”ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ืขื•ื‘ืจ ื“ืจืš ืชื™ืงื•ื ื™ื ืžืจื•ื—ืงื™ื ืœืœื ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ื˜ืœืคื•ืŸ ืกืœื•ืœืจื™, ืืคืฉืจ ืœื—ื‘ืจ ื›ืœ ื›ืžื” ื™ืžื™ื - ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืฉื‘ื”ื ื”ืื•ืช ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืžืกื•ืžื ื™ื ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืขื cairns ืื‘ืŸ. ืคืื ืœื™ื ืกื•ืœืืจื™ื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืงืฉื•ืจ ืืœ ืžื—ื•ืฅ daypack ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื˜ืœืคื•ื ื™ื ื ื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื•ืกื•ืœืœื•ืช ื˜ืขื•ื ื”.

ืขื–ืจื” ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื•ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ื‘ื™ืชื”

ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืžื“ืจื™ื›ื™ื ืžื•ื›ื ื™ื ื”ื™ื˜ื‘ ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœืฉืืช ืขืจื›ืช ื—ื™ืจื•ื, ื”ืืจื™ื–ื” ื—ื•ืžืจื™ ืขื–ืจื” ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื”ื•ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™. ืื•ืกืฃ ืฉืœ ืงืœื˜ื•ืช, ื˜ื™ื— ื•ืžืฉื—ื” ืื ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ื˜ื™ืช ืžื˜ืคืœ ื‘ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ื•ืช, ื•ื™ืฉ ืœื”ืฉืœื™ื ืขื ื”ืชืจื•ืคื•ืช ื”ืจื’ื™ืœื•ืช ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ื•ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ื‘ืžื—ืœื•ืช, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืชืจื•ืคื•ืช antidiarrhoeal, ืื ื˜ื™ ื“ืœืงื•ืช ื•ืžืœื—ื™ rehydration.

ื›ืžื• ืชืžื™ื“, ื‘ืขืช ื ืกื™ืขื” ื“ืจืš ื”ืžื“ื‘ืจ, ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื‘ืžื™ื ื—ื™ืจื•ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™, ืื ื˜ื‘ืœื™ื•ืช ื™ื•ื“, ื˜ื™ื”ื•ืจ ื›ื™ืžื™, ืื• ืžืขืจื›ืช ื˜ื™ื”ื•ืจ UV.

ื‘ืขืช ื ืกื™ืขื” ืœืกื™ื ื™ ืžื—ื•"ืœ ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ื›ืœ ืคืจื™ื˜ ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืื™ืฉื™ ืžื”ื‘ื™ืช - ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ื˜ืžืคื•ื ื™ื, ืืฉืจ ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืงืฉื™ื ื•ืžื‘ื™ื›ื™ื ื‘ืขืช ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ืžืฆืจื™ื.

Sanitizer ื™ื“ ื”ื•ื ื’ื ืจืขื™ื•ืŸ ื˜ื•ื‘; ื›ืžื• ืืจื•ื—ื•ืช ืžื•ื’ืฉื•ืช ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื•ืื•ื›ืœื™ื ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžืฉื•ืชืฃ ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื”ื™ื“ื™ื™ื ื–ื” ื ื‘ื•ืŸ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืฉื™ืฉ ื”ืจื‘ื” ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื›ืœ ื”ืงื‘ื•ืฆื” ืฉืœืš. ื•ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉืžื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ืื™ื ื ืžืฉืžืฉื™ื ืœืฉื˜ื™ืคื”, ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื‘ืขืœื™ ื”ื™ื’ื™ื™ื ื”, ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœืฉืงื•ืœ ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ืืช ืžืฆืจืš ื”ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ื”ืžืฉื•ื‘ืฉ ื”ื–ื”: ืžื’ื‘ื•ื ื™ื ืœื—ื™ื.

ืฆ'ืง ืœื™ืกื˜

  • ืชื™ืง ื’ื‘ ืจืš - ืื ืืชื” ื ื•ืกืข ืขื ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื‘ื“ื•ื•ื™, ื–ื” ื™ื‘ื•ืฆืข ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื’ืžืœ
  • ื—ื‘ื™ืœืช ื™ื•ื - ื—ืกื•ืŸ ืžืกืคื™ืง ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืชืื™ื ืฉื›ื‘ื•ืช ื ื•ืกืคื•ืช, ืžื™ื, ื—ื˜ื™ืคื™ื, ืขื–ืจื” ืจืืฉื•ื ื”
  • ื ืขืœื™ ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื
  • ื ืขืœื™ ื”ืžื—ื ื”
  • ืžืงืœื•ืช ื”ืœื™ื›ื”
  • ื‘ืงื‘ื•ืงื™ ืžื™ื - ืžืกืคื™ืง ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืกืš ืฉืœ ืืจื‘ืขื” ืœื™ื˜ืจ
  • ื—ืกื•ืŸ, ืงืœ ืžืฉืงืœ ื”ืžื›ื ืกื™ื™ื
  • ืฉื›ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืกื™ืก ืืจื•ื›ื•ืช ืฉืจื•ื•ืœื™ื, ืฉื›ื‘ื•ืช ืืžืฆืขื™ื•ืช ื•ื–'ืงื˜ื™ื ื—ืžื™ื
  • ื›ื•ื‘ืข ืžื’ื‘ืขืช
  • ืžื™ืฉืงืคื™ ืฉืžืฉ
  • ืคื•ื ืฆ'ื• ืื• ืฆื™ื•ื“ ื’ืฉื
  • ื’ืจื‘ื™ ืฆืžืจ ืงืœื™ื
  • ืื•ื”ืœ (ืื•ืคืฆื™ื•ื ืœื™)
  • ืžืฉื˜ื— ืฉื™ื ื”
  • ืฉืง ืฉื™ื ื” ื•ืฉืง ืฉื™ื ื”
  • ืคื ืก ืงื“ืžื™ ื•ืกื•ืœืœื•ืช ื ื•ืกืคื•ืช
  • ืืกืคืงืช ืžื™ื ืœื˜ื™ื”ื•ืจ
  • ืขื–ืจื™ ื—ื™ืจื•ื / ืขื–ืจื” ืจืืฉื•ื ื”
  • ืžื•ืฆืจื™ ื˜ื•ืืœื˜ื™ืงื”, ืžื’ื‘ื•ื ื™ื ืœื—ื™ื, ื ื™ื™ืจ ื˜ื•ืืœื˜, ื ื™ื™ืจ ืžืฆื™ืช ื™ืฉ ืœืฉืจื•ืฃ ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ
  • ืฉืงื™ืช ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ื ื™ืชื ืช ืœืืจื™ื–ื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืืฉืคื”
  • ืงืจื ื”ื’ื ื”
  • ื—ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืื™ืฉื™ื™ื
  • ืžื–ื•ืžื ื™ื ืžื™ื•ืชืจื™ื

ื”ืขืจื”: ื‘ืžื•ืขื“ ื”ืคื™ืจืกื•ื, ืžืฉืจื“ ื”ื—ื•ืฅ ื•ื”ืจื•ื•ื—ื” ื”ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื™ ืžื™ื™ืขืฅ ื ื’ื“ ื›ืœ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช, ืœืžืขื˜ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ื”ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื•ืช, ืœื“ืจื•ื ืกื™ื ื™, ื›ื•ืœืœ ื”ืื–ื•ืจ ืฉืžื›ื•ืกื” ื‘ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ ืกื™ื ื™.

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ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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