ืžืชื’ืื” ื‘ื•ื™ื– ืฉื•ื‘ื‘ื” - ืœื•ื ืœื™ ืคืœืื ื˜

ืžืชื’ืื” ื‘ื•ื™ื– ืฉื•ื‘ื‘ื” - ืœื•ื ืœื™ ืคืœืื ื˜

ื‘ื™ืŸ ืขื™ืจ ื”ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช ื”ืžืชื’ืœื’ืœืช, ื”ืžื•ื˜ืœืช ืขืœ ืจืงืข ื”ืžื™ื ื”ื›ื—ื•ืœื™ื ื•ื”ืฆืœื•ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ื ื”ืจ ื‘ื•ืื™ื–, ืžื•ืงืคืช "ืขื™ืจ ื”ืขืฆื™ื" ื‘ื’ื‘ื•ืœื•ืช ืฉืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืจื’ื™ืฉื™ื ืœืœื ืคื’ืข ื•ืœืœื ืคื’ืข. ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช ืžื•ื’ื ืช ื‘ืงืคื™ื“ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ื›ืš, ื•ื‘ืชื•ืจื”, ื”ื–ืžื–ื•ื ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ ืฉืœ ื‘ื•ื™ื–, ื”ื™ื“ื™ื™ื- off-the-handlebars ืžื–ื›ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื—ืฆืจ ื”ืื—ื•ืจื™ืช ืฉืœ ื™ืœื“ื•ืช.

ืžืงื•ื ืœืœื›ืช, ื“ื•ื•ืฉื” ืื• ืœืฆื•ืฃ - Boise ื”ื™ื ืื—ืช ื”ืขืจื™ื ื”ืงืœื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื ื•ื•ื˜ ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืื ืฉื™ื ืžื•ืคืขืœ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื.

ื ื˜ื™ืฉื” ืฆืขื™ืจื” ืœื ื ืขืฆืจืช ืฉื. ืžืชื—ืช ืœืคืกื’ื”, ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื” ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื’ื“ืœื” ื›ืžืขื™ืŸ ืื—ื•ืช ืœืกื•ืœื˜ ืœื™ื™ืง ืกื™ื˜ื™, ื“ื ื‘ืจ, ืคื•ืจื˜ืœื ื“ ื•ืกื™ืื˜ืœ. ื”ืชื•ืฆืื” ื”ื™ื ื™ื•ืžืจื•ืช ื™ื•ืฆืื•ืช ื“ื•ืคืŸ ื•ื—ืกืจื•ืช ื—ื™ื™ื ืขืœ ื—ื™ื™ ื”ืขื™ืจ, ืžื—ืžื™ืื•ืช ื™ืคื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืฉื•ืจืฉื™ื ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื™ื ื•ืžืขื•ืจื‘ื™ื ื‘ืื™ืจื•ืขื™ื ื•ื‘ืžื•ืกื“ื•ืช ืฉืžื›ื‘ื“ื™ื ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื™ื•ืช ื•ืชื—ื›ื•ื.

ื‘ื•ืื™ื– ื”ื™ื ืขื™ืจ ืขื ื ืฆื ื•ืฅ ื‘ืขื™ื ื™ื” ื•ื”ื–ืžื ื” ืงื‘ื•ืขื” ืœืฉื—ืง. ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ืืชื” ืžื—ืคืฉ ืชืจื‘ื•ืช, ื—ื•ื‘ื‘ ื‘ื—ื•ืฅ ืื• ื—ื•ื‘ื‘ื™ ืžืฉืคื—ื” ื ืœื”ื‘ื™ื, ื”ื ื” ื”ืกื™ื‘ื” ืฉื‘ื•ืื™ื– ืฆืจื™ื›ื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจืฉื™ืžืช ื”ื“ืœื™ ืฉืœ ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืœื‘ืงืจ.

ื‘ื—ืฆืจ ื”ืื—ื•ืจื™ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ื•ืื™ื–

ื‘ืงืฆื” ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ ืžืฉืชืจืข ืฉื˜ื— ืงื”ื™ืœืชื™, ื—ืฆืจ ืื—ื•ืจื™ืช ืฉืœ ืฉื˜ื—ื™ ื’ื‘ืขื”. ื”ื•ื“ื•ืช ืœืฉื•ืชืคื•ืช ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ืช ืฉืœ ืจื›ืก ืœื ื”ืจื•ืช, ืžืืžืฆื™ื ืžืชืžืฉื›ื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ืขืœื™ ื”ืขื ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ื•ืื–ืจื—ื™ื ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืืช ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื•ืืจื™ื›ื•ืช ื™ืžื™ื ืฉืœ ืฉื˜ื— ืคืชื•ื— ื–ื”. ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื ืžืฉื•ืชืคื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืจื•ื›ื‘ื™ ืื•ืคื ื™ื™ื, ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื, ื›ืœื‘ื™ ื›ืœื‘ื™ื, ืจื•ื›ื‘ื™ ืกื•ืกื™ื ื•ืฉื‘ื•ืขื•ืช ืžืคืชื™ืขื™ื ื‘ืื‘ื™ื‘ - ืœื”ืงื•ืช ืฉืœ ื›ื‘ืฉื™ื. ื”ื ื•ื”ื’ ืฉืœ "ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ื”ื™ืจื•ืง" ืขื“ ื”ืจืžื•ืช ื—ื•ื–ืจ ืžืื” ืฉื ื”, ื•ื–ื” ืžืกื•ืจืช ื”ื—ื•ื•ื” ื”ืžืขืจื‘ื™ ืจืง ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืžืŸ ื”ื”ืžื•ืœื” ื”ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™ืช ื™ื•ืฆืจ ื—ื•ื•ื™ื” ื“ื™ ืžืจื”ื™ื‘ ืขื‘ื•ืจ blazers ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ืœื”ืชื‘ื•ื ืŸ.

ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื ืžื–ื“ืžื ื™ื ืœื™ื”ื ื•ืช trappinging ืœืจืืฉ ื’ื‘ืขื” ื’ื‘ืขื” ืฉืœ ื’ื‘, retrofitted ื ื’ื“ ืฉื—ื™ืงื” ืขื ืžื“ืจื’ื•ืช ืกืœืข ื’ื“ื•ืœ. ื”ื ื•ืฃ ืฉืœ ื”ืงืฆื” ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™ ืžืขืœ ื”ื’ื™ื‘ื•ืฉ ืฉืœ ื”ื’ืžืœ ื”ื•ื ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™ ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ืกืชื™ื• ื•ืจื•ืžื ื˜ื™ืงื” ื ืขื™ืžื” ื‘ื—ืฉื™ื›ื”. ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœืฉื•ืจื” ื”ืงื“ืžื™ืช ื”ื–ืืช ืฉืœ ื”ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช, ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ืจืคืชืงื ื™ื ืœื”ืจื•ื•ื™ื— ื‘ื“ื™ื“ื•ืช ืžืคื•ืืจืช ืขื ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืขืœ ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื. ื˜ื•ื‘ืœื™ื ืžืื—ื•ืจื™ ืงื• ื”ืฉืคื”, ื•ื”ืขื™ืจ ื ืขืœืžืช. ื‘ืื‘ื™ื‘, ื”ืœื”ื‘ื” ื”ืฆื”ื•ื‘ื” ื”ื‘ื”ื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ืื•ืจื•ืช ื”ื˜ื ื’ืจื™ื ื”ืžืขืจื‘ื™ื™ื. ื ืฉื•ื ืขืžื•ืง, ื•ื ื™ื—ื•ื— ื”ืขืฉื‘ ื•ื”ืœื›ืœื•ืš ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœืขื•ืจืจ ืจื™ืฆื” ืคืจืื™ืช.

ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœื’ื‘ื•ืœื•ืช ื”ืขื™ืจ, ืื ื›ื™ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ืชื•ืš ื›ื•ื ืŸ ืฉืœ ื™ื•ื, ื‘ื™ืœื•ื™ ื‘ื—ื•ืฅ ืžืจื—ื™ื‘ื” ืจื—ื‘ ื›ืžื• ื”ืื•ืคืง. ื’ื•ืœืฉื™ื ื ื”ื ื™ื ืžื“ืจื•ื ื•ืช ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ื‘ Bogus Basin (ืื—ื“ ืžืืชืจื™ ื”ืกืงื™ ื”ืžืขื˜ื™ื ืฉืื™ื ื ืœืžื˜ืจื•ืช ืจื•ื•ื— ื‘ืืจื”"ื‘). ืงื™ืืงื™ื ื•ืงื•ืจื•ืช-ืžืฉื-ื•ืžืชืŸ ืžื ื”ืœื™ื ืžืฉื-ื•ืžืชืŸ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉื ื™ ื˜ื™ืจื•ื ื™ื ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ืžืคืœื™ื ืžื•ืžื—ื™ื ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ื ื”ืจ ืคื™ื™ื˜ื” ืžืฆืคื•ืŸ-ืžืขืจื‘ ืœื‘ื•ืื™ื–, ื•ืžื˜ืคืกื™-ืกืœืขื™ื ื‘ื•ื“ืงื™ื ืืช ืื—ื™ื–ืชื ื‘ืฆื•ืงื™ื ื•ื‘ืกืœืขื™ื ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ืฆื•ืง ื”ืฉื—ื•ืจ ืžืžื–ืจื— ืœืขื™ืจ. ืฆื™ื™ื“ื™ื, ื“ื™ื™ื’ื™ื ื•ืชืจืžื™ืœืื™ื ื’ื ื”ื•ืคื›ื™ื ืืช ื‘ื•ื™ืก ืœื‘ืกื™ืก ื‘ื™ืชื™ ืœืžืกืขื•ืช ืœืชื•ืš ืฉื˜ื—ื™ื ืžื™ื•ืขืจื™ื ื‘ืฆืคื•ืŸ, ืื• ืžื“ื‘ืจื™ ืžื“ื‘ืจ ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื™ื ืžื“ืจื•ื ื•ืžืžื–ืจื—.

ืืคื™ืœื• ืฉืžื™ื ื‘ื•ื™ื– ื”ื ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ื ืœื”ืจืคืชืงื”; ืืช ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ื‘ื‘ื•ืงืจ ื ืžืจืฅ ื”ื•ื ืื™ื“ื™ืืœื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ืคื•ืจื—. ืฉืžื™ื ื‘ืฆื‘ืขื™ ื”ืงืฉืช ื”ืžืชืจื•ืžืžื™ื ืขื ืกืœื™ื ืฉืœ ืื ืฉื™ื ืžืฆื™ื‘ื™ื ืžืฆื‘ ืจื•ื— ื ืขื™ื ืœื™ื•ื.

ื ื”ืจ ื‘ื•ืื™ื– ื•ื’ืจื™ื ื‘ืœื˜

ืžืื– 1960 ื”ืžืื•ื—ืจื•ืช, ืืจื’ื•ื ื™ื ืขืžืžื™ื™ื ื•ื™ื•ื–ืžื•ืช ื”ืขื™ืจ ื™ืฉ ื‘ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืืช ื”ื—ื–ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื’ื™ืฉื” ื”ื ื”ืจ ื”ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจื™ ืœืžืฆื™ืื•ืช. ืขื›ืฉื™ื•, ื ื”ืจ Boise ื”ื•ื ืขื•ืจืง ืžืจื›ื–ื™ ืœื”ื ืื” ื—ื•ืฆื•ืช. ื‘ืžืจื—ืง ืฉืœ 25 ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจ ื’ืจื™ื ื‘ืœื˜ ืžืกืคืง ื“ืจืš ืžืจืขื ื ืช ืœื—ื•ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืขื™ืจ, ื•ืืช ืฉืคืข ืฉืœ ืื•ืคื ื™ื™ื ื™ืจื•ืง ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืœื”ืฉื›ืจื” ื‘ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื ื•ื— ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืขื™ืจ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืจื›ื™ื‘ื” ืขืœ ืœื brainer. ื™ืชืจื” ืžื–ืืช, ืœืชืคื•ืก ืคืจื™ืกื‘ื™ (ืื• ืœื”ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืืจื•ื—ื” ืฉืœ ื™ืœื“ ืžื›ืœ ืื—ืช ืžื”ืžืกืขื“ื•ืช ืฉืžืฉืชืžืฉื•ืช ื‘ืคืจื™ื–ื‘ื™ื™ ื‘ื™ืชื™ื•ืช ื›ืฆืœื—ื•ืช), ื•ื™ืฉ ืœืš ื™ื•ื ืื—ืจ ืฆื”ืจื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืจื›ื™ื‘ื” ืžืคื•ืงืคืงืช ืขืœ ื”ื ื”ืจ ื•ืคืืจืง.

ืœืžืจื•ืช ืคื™ืฆื•ื—, ื—ื•ื ื™ื‘ืฉ, ืื—ืช ื”ืกื™ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืžืคืชื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืชื—ื ืช ืงื™ืฅ ื‘ื‘ื•ืื™ื– ื”ื™ื ืœืฆื•ืฃ ืืช ื”ื’ืœื™ื ื”ืžืฉืคื—ืชื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื ื”ืจ ืžื‘ืืจื‘ืจ ืคืืจืง ื‘ืžื–ืจื— ืืœ ืืŸ ืžื•ืจื™ืกื•ืŸ ืคืืจืง ื‘ืžืจื›ื– ื”ืขื™ืจ. ืกื™ืจื•ืช ื“ื•ื”ืจื•ืช ื“ืจืš ืื–ื•ืจื™ ื‘ืจื™ืคืจื™ื” ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจ ื•ื—ื•ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื“ื™ื’ ืฉืงื˜ื™ื ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืชื ื’ืฉื•ืช ืœืฆื“ ื”ืขืœื™ื•ืช ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืฉื“ืจื•ืช ืคืจืงืกื ื˜ืจ ื• ืื•ื ื™ื‘ืจืกื™ื˜ืช ื‘ื•ื™ื– ืกื˜ื™ื™ื˜. ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ื“ืจืš, ื”ื‘ื ืงื™ื ื”ื ื”ืจ ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ื”ื–ื“ืžื ื•ื™ื•ืช ืœื”ืชืขื ื’ ืขืœ ื—ื•ืคื™ื ื—ื•ืœื™ื™ื ืื• ืžืขื•ื˜ ืž ื ื“ื ื“ื•ืช ื—ื‘ืœ. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืจื•ื—ื•ืช ื—ื™ื ื, ืกื•ืคืจ soakers ื•ืื•ืจืงื•ืช ืžืชื ืคื—ื™ื ื”ื ืžืฉื—ืง ื”ื•ื’ืŸ. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืกื•ื’ื™ ืžืขื•ื“ืŸ ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืจืคืกื•ื“ื•ืช ืžืจื•ื•ื—ื•ืช, ืจื‘ ืื“ื ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ืœื”ืฉื›ืจื”.

ืžื’ืจืฉ ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™

ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื ื”ืจ ืœืžืจื’ืœื•ืช ื”ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช, ื‘ื•ื™ื– ื”ื™ื ืขื™ืจ ืœืขื. ื‘ื›ืœ ืฉื‘ืช ื‘ืื‘ื™ื‘, ื‘ืงื™ืฅ ื•ื‘ืกืชื™ื•, ืจื—ื•ื‘ ื”ืฉืžื™ื ื™ ื ืกื’ืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืฉื•ืง ื”ื”ื•ืŸ ื‘ืขื™ืจ ื”ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจื™ืช, ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืžื—ื ื•ืช ื”ืฉื•ืง ืฉืœ ื‘ื•ืื™ื– ืคืืจืžืจ ื‘ืคื™ื ืช 10 ื• ื’ืจื•ื‘. ืฉื•ื•ืงื™ื ืืœื” ืœื”ืฆื™ื’ ืืช ื›ืœ ืžื”ืžื˜ื‘ื— ื”ืฉื•ื•ื™ืฆืจื™ ื’ื“ืœ ืžืงื•ืžื™ ืขื’ื‘ื ื™ื•ืช ื™ืจื•ืฉื” ื›ื“ื™ ื™ื“ ื‘ืขื‘ื•ื“ืช ื™ื“ ื“ื‘ืฉ, ืกื‘ื•ื ื™ื ื•ืงืจืžื™ืงื”. ื‘ืจื™ื™ืงื“ื ื™ื ื•ืืžื ื™ ื‘ืœื•ืŸ ืžืชืžืงื“ื™ื ื‘ืคื™ื ื•ืช ืจื—ื•ื‘ ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื”ืฆืขื™ืจื™ื ื”ืฆืขื™ืจื™ื ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ืืช ื›ืฉืจื•ื ื•ืชื™ื”ื ื‘ื™ืŸ ื“ื•ื›ื ื™ ื”ื™ืฆืจื ื™ื.

ื˜ื™ื™ืœื• ืฉื ื™ ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืžืขืจื‘ื”, ื“ืจืš ืืžื ื•ืช ื”ื’ืจืคื™ื˜ื™ ื”ืžืชืคืชื—ืช ืฉืœ ืคืจื™ืง ืืœื™ื™, ื•ืคืืจืง ืจื•ื“ื•ืก ืคืืจืง ืกืงื™ื™ื˜ ืคืืจืง, ื•ืชื’ื™ืขื• ืืœ JUMP, ืžืจื›ื– ืงื”ื™ืœืชื™ ื—ื“ืฉ ื•ืžืขื•ืจืจ ื’ื•ื•ืŸ ื‘ื”ืฉืจืืช ืžืื›ืœ ืชืคื•ื—ื™ ื”ืื“ืžื” ื”ืžื ื•ื— ื’'ื™ื™.ืืจ.ืกื™ืžืคืœื•ื˜ ื•ืžื•ืจืฉืชื• ืฉืœ ื”ื—ื“ืฉื ื•ืช. ืขื ืฉืงื•ืคื™ืช ืฉืœ ื—ืžืฉ ืงื•ืžื•ืช, ืžืจื—ื‘ื™ ืื•ืœืคืŸ, ื˜ืจืกื•ืช ื’ืŸ ื•ืืžืคื™ื˜ื™ืื˜ื•ืจ ืœืฆื“ ืื•ืกืฃ ื˜ืจืงื˜ื•ืจ ื•ื™ื ื˜ืื’ 'ืฉืœ Simplot, ืžื˜ืจืช JUMP ื”ื™ื ืœืขื•ืจืจ ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœ ืื ื•ืฉื™.ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืืœื” ืฉืœ ื—ืœืœื™ื ืงื”ื™ืœืชื™ื™ื ืžืฉื•ืชืคื™ื ื”ื ื”ืžื’ืžื” ื‘ื‘ื•ืื™ื–, ื”ืžืขื•ื“ื“ื™ื ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื” ืงื“ื™ืžื” ืฉืœ ืื ืฉื™ื, ื›ืฉืจื•ื ื•ืช ื•ืจืขื™ื•ื ื•ืช, ืชื•ืš ืฉื”ื™ื ืžื’ืœืžืช ืืช ื”ืจื•ื— ื”ื—ืœื•ืฆื™ืช, ื”ื“ืžื™ื•ื ื™ืช ืฉื”ืงื™ืžื” ืืช ื”ืžืงื•ื.

ืื ืฉื˜ื— ืคืชื•ื— ื’ื–ืขื™ื ืœืคืชื•ื— ืืช ื”ืžื•ื—ื•ืช, ื•ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ Treefort Music Festival ื”ื•ื ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื™ ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื™ ืฉืœ ืชื•ืคืขื” ื–ื•. ื”ืฉืงืชื• ื‘ -2012, ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœ ื–ื”, ืฉื”ืชืงื™ื™ื ื”ืฉื‘ื•ืข ื‘ืžืืจืก, ื‘ืงืข ืž -137 ื”ืœื”ืงื” ืœืื™ืจื•ืข ืฉืœ 420 ื”ืœื”ืงื•ืช, ืฉืžืืจื— ื›ื™ื•ื "ืคื•ืจื˜ื™ื" ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืขื™ืจ ืฉืžื˜ืจืชื "ืœืขืจื‘ ืืช ื”ืงื”ื™ืœื” ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœืžื•ืกื™ืงื”". ื ื•ื“ื“ื™ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื”ื™ืชืงืœ ื‘"ื”ืืงืคื•ืจ " "" ื™ื•ื’ืืคื•ืจื˜ "ื•"ืงื™ื“ืคื•ืจ", ืขืœ ืฉื ื›ืžื” ืžื”ื, ื›ื•ืœื ื—ื•ื•ื™ื ืคืกืงื•ืœ ืžืชืžืฉืš ืฉืžืชื ื’ืŸ ื›ืžื• ืžื™ืงืกื˜ื™ื™ืค ืœื ืžืกื•ื ืŸ ืœื”ืคืœื™ื.

ืœื˜ืขื™ืžื” ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช, ื”ื‘ืœื•ืง ื”ื‘ืืกืงื™ ืœื•ื›ื“ ืืช ื”ืžื•ืจืฉืช ื”ื‘ืกืงื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ืืกืงื™ื ื“ืจืš ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ื ื™ื, ืฉื•ื•ืงื™ื, ืžืกืขื“ื•ืช ื•ืื™ืจื•ืขื™ื. ื‘ืžืกืขื“ืช ื‘ืจ ื’ืจื ื™ืงื” (Bar Gernika) ืžื•ื’ืฉื™ื ืžื ื•ืช ื—ืจื™ืคื•ืช ืฉืœ ืฆ'ื•ืจื™ืกื• ื•ืคืจื™ื›ื•ืช ืคืจื™ื›ื•ืชื™ื•ืช. ืื•ื›ืœ ืžืฉื•ื‘ื— ื‘ Leku Ona ืžืฆื™ืข ื‘ืฉืจ ื‘ืงืจ ืื• ืœืฉื•ืŸ (ื‘ื˜ืŸ ื”ื‘ื˜ืŸ) ื‘ืจื•ื˜ื‘ Bizkaian ืžืกื•ืจืชื™. ื›ืœ ื—ืžืฉ ืฉื ื™ื, ื›ืœ Boise ื˜ื•ืขืŸ ื”ืžื•ืจืฉืช ื”ื‘ืกืงื™ืช (ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ืขืœ ืงื• ื“ื ืื• ืœื) ื›ืžื• "ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ื™ืฉืŸ" ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ื•ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ืงื™ืฉื•ืจ ื ืฉืง ื‘ืžื”ืœืš Jaialdi, "ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœ ื’ื“ื•ืœ" ื ื•ืกื“ื” ื‘ืฉื ืช 1987 ืœื—ื’ื•ื’ ืืช ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืกืงื™ืช.

ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืœื”ื™ื•ื, ื”ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ Boise ืžืžืฉื™ืš ืœืคืจื•ื—, ื•ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืคืชืข ืœืžืฆื•ื ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืจื—ื‘ ืฉืœ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืื•ืชื ื˜ื™ ืžื”ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ืžื›ื•ืช. ื›ืžื” ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช ืขื™ืงืจื™ื•ืช ื›ื•ืœืœื•ืช ืืช ื”ืืžืคื ื“ื“ื•ืช ื”ืืจื’ื ื˜ื™ื ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื˜ื ื’ื•, ืืช ื”ืชืคืจื™ื˜ ื”ืืชื™ื•ืคื™ ืฉืœ ืงื™ื‘ืจื•ื ื•ืืช ื”ืชืคืจื™ื˜ ื”ืืจื™ืชืจื™, ื•ืืช ืงื‘ื‘ ื‘ืกื’ื ื•ืŸ ืžื–ืจื— ืชื™ื›ื•ื ื™ ืฉืœ ื’ื•ื“ ืœื ื“.

ืžืื•ื›ืœืก ืขื ืืคืฉืจื•ืช

ื”ืฉืžื—ื” ืฉื•ืคืขืช ื‘ื•ื™ื–, ื•ื˜ื‘ืขื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื”ื•ื ืžื™ื“ื‘ืง. ื–ื” ืงืฉื” ืœื ืœื—ื™ื™ืš ื‘ื–ืžืŸ zig-zagging ื‘ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืขื ืคื“ืœืก ื• Pints, ืกื™ื•ืจ ื”ืžื•ืคืขืœ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืงื‘ื•ืฆื” "ืœื” ื‘ื•ื™ืก" ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื‘ืจ 15-ื‘ื™ืจื” ืื•ืคื ื™ื™ื.

ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ืงืฉื” ืฉืœื ืœืคืชื•ื— ืฉื™ื—ื” ืขื ื”ืื ืฉื™ื ื”ื—ื•ืœืงื™ื ืืช ื”ื—ืœืœ ื‘'ืคื™ื™ื˜ ื‘ืจื™ื™ื ื’ '. ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœื ื”ืจ ืž ืืŸ ืžื•ืจื™ืกื•ืŸ ืคืืจืง, ืคื™ื™ื˜ ืฉื•ืื‘ืช ืงื”ืœ ืžื–ื“ืžืŸ, ื ืฉื•ื™ ื™ื•ื ืจืืฉื•ืŸ, ื›ื•ืœืœ ื™ืœื“ื™ื, ื—ื‘ืจื™ื ืขื ืืจื‘ืข ืจื’ืœื™ื™ื ื•ืžืกืคืจ ืžืกืชื•ื‘ื‘ ืฉืœ ืžืฉืื™ื•ืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ. ื”ื•ื ืžืืจื— ื—ืฆืจ ืฆื“ื“ื™ืช ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืžื’ื•ื“ืจืช ืขื ืžืฉื—ืงื™ ื“ืฉื ื•ื›ื™ืกืื•ืช ืื“ื™ืจื•ื ื“ืืง ื•ืชื•ื“ืขื” ืงื”ื™ืœืชื™ืช. ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืœื ืจืง ืžืจื’ื™ืฉื™ื ืจืฆื•ื™ื™ื; ื”ื ื™ืจื’ื™ืฉื• ื›ืื™ืœื• ื”ื ืชืคืกื• ืืช ืžืงื•ืžื ื‘ืงืจื‘ ื™ืœื“ื™ ื”ืฉื›ื•ื ื”.

ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืฉืžื™ื ื”ื•ืคื›ื™ื ื•ืจื•ื“ื™ื ื•ืจื•ื“ื™ื ื•ืฆืœืœื™ื ืืจื•ื›ื™ื, ื”ื’ื™ืข ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืœืกื™ืคื•ืจ ืžื“ื•ืจื” ื•ืงื•ืงื˜ื™ื™ืœ ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื™. ืžืœื•ืŸ "Modern", ื‘ื™ืช ื‘ืืกืงื™ ื™ืฉืŸ, ืฉื”ืชื’ืœื ืœืชื•ืš ืžืœื•ืŸ ื™ื•ืงืจืชื™, ืžืœื•ืŸ ื™ื•ืงืจืชื™ ื•ืžืจื›ื–ื™, ืžืฆื™ืข ื”ื–ื“ืžื ื•ืช ืœื”ืกืชื•ื‘ื‘ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืืฉ ืื™ื ื˜ื™ืžื™ืช ื•ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ืช, ืชื•ืš ื›ื“ื™ ื”ืื–ื ื” ืœืกื•ืคืจื™ื ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ืœืฉืชืฃ ืืช ื”ื”ื’ื•ืช ื‘ืื™ื™ื“ื”ื•. ืชื’ื™ื“ื™ ืœืžื•ื–ื’ ืœื”ืคืชื™ืข ืื•ืชืš ื•ืœื’ืžื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืขืจื‘ ืฉืœืš ื•ืœืœื’ื•ื ืขืœ ื›ื•ื‘ืข ืœื™ืœื” ื˜ืขื™ื, ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืžื”ื‘ื”ื‘ื™ื ื—ืžื™ื ืจื•ืงื“ื™ื ืœืชื•ืš ื”ื—ื•ืฉืš ื›ืžื• ื’ื—ืœื™ืœื™ื•ืช.

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ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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