ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืชืจื‘ื•ืช: ืœื’ืœื•ืช 10 ืฉืœ ืžื•ื‘ืœืขื•ืช ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื™ื•ืช ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื•ืช ื‘ืขื•ืœื - Lonely Planet

ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืชืจื‘ื•ืช: ืœื’ืœื•ืช 10 ืฉืœ ืžื•ื‘ืœืขื•ืช ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื™ื•ืช ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื•ืช ื‘ืขื•ืœื - Lonely Planet

ืœื›ืœ ื ื•ืกืข ื™ืฉ ื”ื’ื“ืจื” ืžืฉืœื”ื ืœืชืจื‘ื•ืช. ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ื™ืฉ ืœื–ื” ืงืฉืจ ืขื ืžื ื”ื’ื™ื ื•ื˜ืงืกื™ื ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ื™ื ื•ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ื”ื•ื ื›ืชื•ื‘ ื‘ืืžื ื•ืช ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช, ื‘ืกืคืจื•ืช ื•ื‘ืืจื›ื™ื˜ืงื˜ื•ืจื”, ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื• ืฉืœ ืžืงื•ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื” ืฉืžื ื™ืข ืืช ืžืกืขื•ืชื™ื ื• ื‘ืชื—ื™ืœื” ื•ื”ื•ื ืื—ื“ ื”ื”ื™ื‘ื˜ื™ื ื”ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืื ื• ืœื•ืงื—ื™ื ืื™ืชื ื• ื”ื‘ื™ืชื”.

ื‘ืกืคืจื• ื”ื—ื“ืฉ ืฉืœ ืœื•ื ืœื™ ืคืœืื ื˜ ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ืžื—ื™ื ืฉืœื ื• ืกืจืงื• ืืช ื”ืขื•ืœื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ืœื›ื 52 ื”ืจืคืชืงืื•ืช ืœืชื•ืš ื›ืžื” ืžื•ื‘ืœืขื•ืช ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื™ื•ืช ื”ืขืฉื™ืจื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื. ืžืŸ ื”ืžื™ืชื•ืกื™ื ืืœ ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœื—ื•ืง ื”ืื’ื“ื™, ื›ื•ื›ื‘ื™ ืจื•ืง ืœื›ื ืกื™ื•ืช ื—ืฆื•ื‘ื•ืช, ืฉื•ื•ืงื™ื ืืžื ื•ืชื™ื™ื ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื™ื ื•ืืžื ื•ืช ืจื—ื•ื‘ ื™ื•ืฆืืช ื“ื•ืคืŸ, ื”ื ื” ืžืขื’ืœ ืฉืœ 10 ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ืื”ื•ื‘ื™ื ืฉืœื ื• ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื ื•ืกืข ืกืงืจืŸ.

ืžื™ืชื•ืกื™ื ื•ืื’ื“ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื•ื ื’ ืงื•ื ื’ ื”ื™ืฉื ื” - ืกื™ืŸ

ืืœื•ื”ื•ื™ื•ืช, ืฆืืฆืื™ื ื™ืœื“ื•ืชื™ื™ื, ื™ืฆื•ืจื™ื ื“ืžื™ื•ื ื™ื™ื ื•ืขื•ื“ - ื”ื•ื ื’ ืงื•ื ื’ ื™ืจืฉื” ืืช ืขื•ืฉืจื” ื”ืขืฆื•ื ืฉืœ ืกื™ืŸ ื‘ืžื™ืชื•ืกื™ื ื•ื‘ืื’ื“ื•ืช. ืœืฆื“ ืื•ืกืฃ ืžืกื ื•ื•ืจ ื–ื” ืฉืœ ืกื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ื”ื ืกื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ื™ื ื”ืกืชื—ืจืจื• ืžืŸ ื”ืื™ืจื•ืขื™ื ื”ืžืจื›ื–ื™ื™ื ื‘ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื”ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ.

ืื ืงื“ื•ื˜ื•ืช ืจืคืื™ื ืขืœ ืฉื•ื ื’ ื•ื•ืืŸ ื•ืขืœ ื”ืžื—ื•ื– ื”ืžืขืจื‘ื™ ื ืžืฆืื•ืช ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืฉื•ืจืฉื™ื ื‘ืžื’ืคื” ื”ื‘ื•ื‘ื ื™ืช ืฉื ืกื—ืคื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ื”ืืœื” ื‘ืฉื ืช 1894. ื“ื™ื•ื•ื—ื™ื ืขืœ ื™ืœืœื•ืช ืžืกืชื•ืจื™ื•ืช ื•ืขืœ ืชืฆืคื™ื•ืช ืคื•ืœื˜ืจื’ื™ื™ืกื˜ ื”ื ืžืฆื‘ื™ื ืฉื‘ื”ื ืื ืฉื™ื ื”ื•ืฆืื• ืœื”ื•ืจื’ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืฆื‘ื ื”ื™ืคื ื™ ื‘ืžืœื—ืžืช ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื”, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืžื•ืจื™ื™ ื”ืื•ืก ื•ืžื›ืœืœืช ืกื ื˜ ืกื˜ืคืŸ ื‘ืกื˜ื ืœื™.

ืื‘ืœ ื”ื ืจื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื ื”ืžืจืชืงื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื”ื•ื ื’ ืงื•ื ื’, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื˜ืขื•ืŸ, ื”ื ื”ืื’ื“ื•ืช ื”ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™ื•ืช, ืฉื ื•ืœื“ื• ืžืชื•ืš ื”ืคื ื˜ื–ื™ื•ืช, ื”ืื•ื‘ืกืกื™ื•ืช ื•ื”ื˜ืื‘ื• ืฉืœ ื”ื•ื ื’ ืงื•ื ื’ ื”ืจื’ื™ืœื™ื, ื•ื”ืฉืชืขืฉืขื• ื‘ืžืฉืš ืขืฉืจื•ืช ืฉื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื—ื–ืจื”, ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืขืœ ื”ื ืกื™ื‘ื•ืช ืฉื”ื ื™ืขื• ืื•ืชืŸ. ืฆืคื™ืคื•ืช ื”ืื•ืคื™ื•ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื ื—ืœืช ื”ืขื‘ืจ, ืื‘ืœ ื”ืกื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืขืœ ืžื–ื•ื ื•ืช ืžื•ืคืฉื˜ื™ื ื•ืื”ื‘ื” ืžืกื•ื›ืœืช ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืืจื™ื” ืื•ืคืจื” ืขืชื™ืงื” ืฉืฉืžืขื” ื‘ืขื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื‘ืžื™ื ื™ื‘ื•ืก.

ื‘ืจื™ืกืœ ื•ื”ืืžื ื•ืช ื”ืชืฉื™ืขื™ืช - ื‘ืœื’ื™ื”

ื–ื” ืื•ืœื™ ื”ืžื˜ื” ืฉืœ โ€‹โ€‹ื”ืื™ื—ื•ื“ ื”ืื™ืจื•ืคื™, ืื‘ืœ ื™ืฉ ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื”ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื‘ืœื’ื™ื” ืžืืฉืจ ืžื•ืกื“ื•ืช ืžื—ื ื™ืง ื‘ื™ื•ืจื•ืงืจื˜ื™ื. ื›ื™ืฃ, ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ ื•ืงื•ืกืžื•ืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™, ื”ื•ื ื’ื ื”ื‘ื™ืจื” ื”ืื™ืจื•ืคื™ืช ื”ืžื–ื•ื™ืคืช ืฉืœ ื”ืงื•ืžื™ืงืก.

ื™ื“ื•ืข ื› 'ืœื” ื‘ื ื“ ื“ืกื™ื ื™"(ืžืงื•ืฆืจ ืœ- BD ื•"ื”ื™ื•ื ื”ืžืคืจืฅ"), ื•"ื”ืืžื ื•ืช ื”ืชืฉื™ืขื™ืช ", ื”ืงื•ืžื™ืงืก ื”ืฆื ื•ืข ื›ืืŸ ื”ื•ื ืžื“ื™ื•ื ืกื•ืจื™ืืœื™ืกื˜ื™, ืื‘ืกื•ืจื“ื™ ื•ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืžื“ื™ื ื™, ื”ืžื–ื”ื™ืจ ืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™ืงืื™ื ื•ืžื˜ืคืœ ื‘ื ื•ืฉืื™ื ืจื’ื™ืฉื™ื ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื”ืชื—ืžืžื•ืช ื›ื“ื•ืจ ื”ืืจืฅ, ื’ื–ืขื ื•ืช ื•ื˜ืจื•ืจ.

ื˜ื™ื ื˜ื™ืŸ ืฉืœ Hergé ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื”ื™ืฆื™ืจื” ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกืžืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื‘ืœื’ื™ื”, ืื‘ืœ ื™ืฉ ืขื•ืœื ืฉืœื ืฉืœ ื“ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ื–ืจื•ืช ื•ื ืคืœืื•ืช ืžื—ื›ื” ืœื”ืชื’ืœื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืืœื” ืฉืขื•ืœื™ื ืœืจื’ืœ ืœื‘ืจื™ืกืœ - ื”ืงืื•ื‘ื•ื™ ื”ืœืงื•ื ื™ Lucky Luke, ืืช ืžืจืกื•ืคื™ืœื™ืืžื™ ื”ืžื•ืคื™ืขื” ื‘ื ื“ื™ื‘ื•ืช, ืกืžื•ืจืคื™ื ืขืœื™ื–ื™ื, ื•ืืช ืืกื˜ืจื™ืงืก Obelix, ืขื“ ื›ืžื” ืฉื.

ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื”ื‘ืฉืจ ืฉืœ ื ื“ ืงืœื™ - ืื•ืกื˜ืจืœื™ื”

Ned Kelly: ื’ื™ื‘ื•ืจ ืื• ื ื‘ืœ? ืื• ืงืฆืช ืžืฉื ื™ื”ื? ื“ื‘ืจ ืื—ื“ ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ื”ื•ื ืฉื”ืกื™ืคื•ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืคื•ืฉืข ื”ืื’ื“ื™ ืฉืœ ืื•ืกื˜ืจืœื™ื” (1855-1880), ื‘ื•ืžื ื’ืจ ืฉืขืœื™ื• ืื ื—ื ื• ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื™ื•ื, ืฉื–ื•ืจ ืขื ืื—ืช ื”ืคื™ื ื•ืช ื”ื™ืคื•ืช ื•ื”ืžืจืชืงื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืื•ืกื˜ืจืœื™ื”, ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ืฉืœ ืฆืคื•ืŸ ืžื–ืจื— ื•ื™ืงื˜ื•ืจื™ื”.

ืกืคืจื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื•ืกืจื˜ื™ื ื”ื•ืคืงื• ืขืœ ืžืขืฉื™ื• ืฉืœ ื ื“. ืฉื›ื— ืืช ื”ืกืจื˜ื™ื. ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื–ืืช, ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ืฉื ื™ ื‘ื ื™ ืœื•ื•ื™ื” ื ื™ื™ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื”ื–ื”: ื”ืกื•ืคืจ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ ืื™ืืŸ ื’ 'ื•ื ืก ื ื“ ืงืœื™: ื—ื™ื™ื ืงืฆืจื™ื, ืขืœ ื”ืขื•ื‘ื“ื•ืช, ื•ืขืœ ืคื™ื˜ืจ ืงืืจื™ ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื”ืืžื™ืชื™ืช ืฉืœ ื›ื ื•ืคื™ื™ืช ืงืœื™. ื–ื” ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื ื“ื™ืจ ืœืงืจื•ื ืกื™ืคื•ืจ ืืžื™ืชื™ ื‘ืคืื‘ ืฉื”ื’ื™ื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื™ื” ื ื•ื”ื’ ืœื‘ืงืจ ื‘ื•.

ื”ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื ื•ื’ืข ืขืœ ื”ืขื™ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื›ืคืจื™ื•ืช ืขืœ ืฉืœื•ืฉ ืฉืขื•ืช ื ืกื™ืขื” ืฆืคื•ื ื™ืช ืžื–ืจื—ื™ืช ืžืœื‘ื•ืจืŸ ื›ื™ ื–ื™ื ืง ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืžื”ืคื›ืช ื–ื”ื‘ ื”ืžืื” ื” -19. ื‘ืขื–ืจืช ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ื”ืžื”ื™ืจ ืฉืœ ืžืœื‘ื•ืจืŸ ื›ืฉื“ืจื” ืฉืœ ื”ืกื™ืคื•ืจ, ืืคืฉืจ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืชืžื•ื ื” ืžืขื™ื“ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืื’ื“ื” ื•ื”ืื™ืฉ ื‘ืขืช ืฉื ืกืข ื“ืจืš ื”ืืจืฅ ื”ื•ื ื”ืชืงืฉืจ ื”ื‘ื™ืชื”.

ืงืคื•ืืจื” ื‘ืกืœื‘ื“ื•ืจ - ื‘ืจื–ื™ืœ

ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืชื ื—ืœื•ืช ืงื•ืœื•ื ื™ืืœื™ืช ื’ืื” ืคื•ืจื˜ื•ื’ื–ื™ืช, ืกืœื‘ื“ื•ืจ ื”ื™ื” ืžืขื•ื– ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ื—ื“ืฉ ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืžืื” ื” -16. ืื‘ืœ ืกื—ืจ ื”ืขื‘ื“ื™ื ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื˜ื™ืœ ืฆืœ ืขืœ ื”ื‘ืชื™ื ื”ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ื—ื“ืฉื” ื•ื—ื•ืคื™ื ืจื—ื‘ื™ื. ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ื‘ืชื•ืš senzalas - ืฆืคื•ืฃ, ืจื‘ืขื™ ืขื‘ื“ื™ื ืžืชื•ื—ื–ืง ื”ื™ื˜ื‘ - ื›ื™ ื”ืฉืœื‘ ื ืงื‘ืข ืœื”ืžืฆืืช ื˜ื•ืคืก ืืžื ื•ืช ื—ื“ืฉื”: ืงืคื•ืื™ืจื”. ืงื• ื–ื” ืฉืœ ืืžื ื•ื™ื•ืช ืœื—ื™ืžื”, ื”ืžื‘ื•ืกืก ื›ื›ืœ ื”ื ืจืื” ืขืœ ืจื™ืงื•ื“ ืืคืจื™ืงื ื™ ื˜ืงืกื™, ื ื•ืฆืจ ื›ืฆื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ื”ื’ื ื” ืขืฆืžื™ืช ื ื’ื“ ืื“ื•ื ื™ื ืžื“ื›ืื™ื. ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืกื•ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืื™ืžื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœื”ื, ื”ืงืืคื•ืื™ืจื™ืกื˜ื™ื ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ื ืขืฉื• ืืช ื”ืกืคื•ืจื˜ ืฉืœื”ื ืœื”ื™ืจืื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ืžื• ืืงืจื•ื‘ื˜ื™ืงื” ืื• ืจื™ืงื•ื“, ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื›ืœื™ ื”ืงืฉื” ืคืฉื•ื˜ื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืงืฆื‘ ื•ืžื•ืกื™ืงื”.

ื‘ืชื—ื™ืœืช ื”ืžืื” ื” -20, ืฉื ื™ ืžืชืจื’ืœื™ื ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ื™ื, ืžืกื˜ืจื” ืคืกื˜ื™ื ื™ื” ื•ืžืกื˜ืจื” ื‘ื™ืžื‘ื”, ืคื™ืชื—ื• ืงืคื•ืื™ืจื” ืœืฉื ื™ ื‘ืชื™ ืกืคืจ ื ืคืจื“ื™ื, ื•ื”ืขืœื• ืืช ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ื”ื’ื ื” ื”ืขืฆืžื™ืช ืœืฆื•ืจืช ืืžื ื•ืช ืžื•ื›ืจืช ืืจืฆื™ืช (ื•ืžืฉืคื˜ื™ืช). ื”ื™ื•ื, ืกืœื‘ื“ื•ืจ ื“ื” ื‘ืื™ื” ื”ื•ื ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืœืจืื•ืช ืงืคื•ืืจื” ืืžื™ืชื™ืช - ืขืœ ื›ืœ ื”ืืœื’ื ื˜ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื”, ืืชืœื˜ื™ื•ืช, ื•ืžืœื ื›ื•ืœื™ื” - ื‘ืคืขื•ืœื”.

ื›ื•ื›ื‘ ืจื•ืง ืœื•ื ื“ื•ืŸ - ืื ื’ืœื™ื”

ืฆืœื™ืœ ืœื•ื ื“ื•ืŸ ื•ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื™ืช ื”ืžื•ืกื™ืงื” ืฉืœื” ืžื”ื“ื”ื“ื™ื ื‘ื›ืœ ืžื™ ืฉืฉืจ ืฉื™ืจ, ื ื™ื’ื ื• ืžื ื’ื™ื ื” ืื• ื”ืคืขื™ืœื• ืชื—ื ืช ืจื“ื™ื•. ืื ืืชื” ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ืืช ืคืขื™ืžืช ื”ืœื‘ ืฉืœืš ืžื•ืืฆืช ื‘ืืงื•ืจื“ื™ื™ืช ื”ืคืชื™ื—ื” ืฉืœ "The Calling" ืฉืœ Clash, ืงื— ืฆืžืจืžื•ืจืช ื›ืžื• "ื—ืœืœ ื”ื—ืœืœ" ืฉืœ ื“ื™ื•ื•ื™ื“ ื‘ื•ืื™ ืžืชื ืฉื, ืงืฆืช ืžืขื•ื“ื“ ืืช "ื”ื™ืžื™ื" ืฉืœ ืงื™ื ืงืก ืื• ืžืžืฉ ื“ื•ืžืข ื‘ื‘ื™ื˜ืœืก. ื’ื™ื˜ืจื” ื‘ืขื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื‘ื•ื›ื” ', ื–ื” ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืฉื‘ื™ืœืš.

ื‘ืขืช ื”ืœื™ื›ื” ื‘ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืœื•ื ื“ื•ืŸ, ื”ืจืžื–ื™ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจื•ืจื™ื ืขื“ ื›ื“ื™ ื›ืš ืฉืื‘ื™ ืจื•ื“ ืื• ืื—ื“ ืžื”ืœื•ื—ืžื™ื ื”ื›ื—ื•ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืื ื’ืœื™ื, ื”ืžืฆื™ื™ื ื™ื ืืชืจ ืžืคื•ืจืกื, ืื• ื–ื™ื›ืจื•ื ื•ืช ืžื•ื–ื™ืงืœื™ื™ื ืื•ืœื™ ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืžืชื’ื ื‘ื™ื ืืœื™ื›ื, ื‘ืื“ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืžืจืื” ืคืชืื•ืžื™ (ืจื—ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื™ืงืจ, ื•ื™ืงื˜ื•ืจื™ื”, ืื• ืฉืงื™ืขืช ื•ื•ื˜ืจืœื•).

ื”ื“ืช ื”ืขืชื™ืงื” ืฉืœ ืืชื™ื•ืคื™ื” - ืืชื™ื•ืคื™ื”

ื”ืฆืคื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืืชื™ื•ืคื™ื” ื”ื•ื ืขื•ืœื ื ืคืจื“, ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœ ืžืงื•ื ืฉื‘ื• ื”ืื’ื“ื” ื”ืขืชื™ืงื” ืžืชืขืจื‘ื‘ื™ื ืขื ื”ืžื•ืชื’ ื”ื—ื–ืง ืฉืœ ื”ื ืฆืจื•ืช ื”ืื•ืจืชื•ื“ื•ื›ืกื™ืช. ื–ื”ื• ืขื•ืœื ืฉืœ ืฆืœื™ื™ื ื™ื ืœื‘ื ื™ื ื•ืกื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืฉื”ื“ื”ื“ื• ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ื“ื•ืจื•ืช - ื›ืืŸ ื‘ืื” ืžืœื›ืช ืฉื‘ื, ื•ื›ืืŸ ืžืืžื™ื ื™ื ื”ืืชื™ื•ืคื™ื ืฉื”ืืจื•ืŸ ื”ืืžื™ืชื™ ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ืจื™ืช ืžืชื’ื•ืจืจ.

ืืงืกื•ื ื”ืขืชื™ืงื” ื”ื™ื ืžื•ืงื“ ื”ื ืฆืจื•ืช ื”ืืชื™ื•ืคื™ืช. ื”ื•ื ื ื‘ื ื” ืขืœ ื™ืกื•ื“ื•ืชื™ื” ืฉืœ ืื—ืช ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืขืชื™ืงื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืืคืจื™ืงื”. Aksum ื”ื•ื ืชืขืจื•ื‘ืช ืžืฉืขืฉืขืช ืฉืœ ืงื˜ื•ืจืช ืžืกืชื•ื‘ื‘ืช ื•ืฆืœื™ืœื™ื ืคื•ืœื—ื ื™ื™ื, ืฉืœ ืงื•ืœ ื•ืชื ื•ืขื” ื›ืžื• ืื“ื•ืง ื‘ื ืœื—ืœื•ืง ื›ื‘ื•ื“ ืœืืจื•ืŸ.ื‘ื“ื‘ืจื” ื“ืžื• ื•ืืช ื›ื ืกื™ื•ืช ืจื•ืง ืฉืœ Tigray ื”ืืžื•ื ื” ื”ื™ื ืคืจืฉืช ืฉืงื˜ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื›ืžืจื™ื ื“ืชื™ื™ื ื•ืขืœื™ื™ื” ืœืจื’ืœ, ืฉื”ื’ื™ืขื• ืืœ ื›ื ืกื™ื•ืช ืžืขืจื•ืช ื‘ืงื•ืฉื™. ื‘ืœืœื™ื‘ืœื”, ื”ื›ื ืกื™ื•ืช ื”ืŸ ื ืคืœืื•ืช ืืจื›ื™ื˜ืงื˜ื•ื ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื™ื•ืคื™ ื ื“ื™ืจ, ื—ืฆื•ื‘ื•ืช ืžืŸ ื”ืกืœืข ื›ืื™ืœื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžืœื›ื™ื ื—ื–ืงื™ื ื‘ืขื–ืจืช ืžืœืื›ื™ื (ื›ืคื™ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ืžืืžื™ื ื™ื).

ืคื™ื ื™ืช ืกืื•ื ื” ืกืื•ื ื” - ืคื™ื ืœื ื“

ืœืžืจื•ืช ื”ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื•ืช ื”ืžืงืคื™ืื•ืช ื•ื”ืฉืงื™ืขื” ื›ื‘ืจ ื‘ืฉืœื•ืฉ ืื—ืจ ื”ืฆื”ืจื™ื™ื, ื”ืคื™ื ื™ื ืžื—ื‘ืงื™ื ืืช ืืžืฆืข ื”ื—ื•ืจืฃ ื›ืฉื”ื ืžืกืชื•ื‘ื‘ื™ื ื‘ืกืื•ื ื”: ืžืกื•ืจืช ื‘ืช ืืœืคื™ ืฉื ื™ื ืฉื”ื—ืœื” ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืžืชื™ื™ืฉื‘ื™ื ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ื ื—ืคืจื• ื—ื•ืจื™ื ื‘ืื“ืžื” ื•ืžื™ืœืื• ืื•ืชื ื‘ืื‘ื ื™ื ื—ืžื•ืช.

ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ืกืื•ื ื”, ื–ื” 80 ืžืขืœื•ืช ืฆืœื–ื™ื•ืก ื•ืฉืงื˜, ืื‘ืœ ืœืคืฆืคื•ืฅ ืฉืœ ืขืฆื™ื ื‘ื•ืขืจื™ื ื•ืฉืจื™ื“ื™ ื”ืžื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืื‘ื ื™ื. ื–ื™ืขื” ื ื˜ื•ืœืช ื–ื™ืขื” ื•ืขื™ืจื•ื, ืฆื•ืขื ื™ ื”ืกืื•ื ื” ื™ื•ืจื“ื™ื ื”ื—ื•ืฆื” ื•ืฆื•ืœืœื™ื ื‘ืฉืžื—ื” ืœืชื•ืš ื—ื•ืจ ื‘ืงืจื—. ื”ืžื™ื ื›ื” ืžื˜ืจื™ื“ื™ื ืขื“ ื›ื“ื™ ื›ืš ืฉื”ื™ื ืฆื•ืจื‘ืช ืืช ื”ืขื•ืจ ื•ืžืงืคื™ืฆื” ืืช ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืขืฆื‘ื™ื. ืื—ืจื™ ื‘ื™ืจื” ื•ื ืžืจืฆืช ืขื ื—ื‘ื™ืœื” ืฉืœ ืขื ืคื™ ืœื™ื‘ื ื” (ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืคืจ ืืช ื–ืจื™ืžืช ื”ื“ื ื•ืœื”ื™ืจื’ืข ื•ืœืกืœืง ืจืขืœื™ื ืžื”ื’ื•ืฃ), ื”ื’ื™ืข ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื˜ืงืก ืฉื•ื‘.

ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื” ื‘ืกืžื™ื›ื•ืช "ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžืจืงื—ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžืกื›ืŸ", ืกืื•ื ื” ื”ื™ื ื‘ืœื‘ ืœื™ื‘ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ืคื™ื ื™ืช. ืคื™ื ื™ื ืœืœื›ืช ืœืกืื•ื ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื ืงื•ืช ืืช ื”ืžื•ื— ื•ืืช ื”ื’ื•ืฃ, ื›ื“ื™ ืœืชืงืฉืจ ื•ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืขืกืงื™ื - ืฉื ื›ืœ ืื™ืจื•ืข ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื ื•ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืชืขืจื‘ ื”ื“ื•ืœืจ ื”ืชื—ืชื•ืŸ ืฉืœืš ืกืื•ื ื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ืžืขื•ืจื‘.

ื–ืœืžืŸ ื‘ื•ืžื‘ื™ื™ - ื”ื•ื“ื•

ืžื•ืžื‘ืื™ - ืื• ืœื™ืชืจ ื“ื™ื•ืง ื‘ื•ืžื‘ื™ื™ - ื”ื‘ืŸ ื”ืกืคืจื•ืชื™ ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื•ื‘ื•ื•ื“ืื™ ื”ืฉื ื•ื™ ื‘ืžื—ืœื•ืงืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืกืœืžืŸ ืจื•ืฉื“ื™ ื—ื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ื›ืžืขื˜ ื™ื•ืฆืื™ ื“ื•ืคืŸ ื›ืžื• ื”ื“ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืจื•ืžื ื™ื ื”ืจื™ืืœื™ืกื˜ื™ื™ื ื”ืงืกื•ืžื™ื ืฉืœื•. ืž ื™ืœื“ื™ ื—ืฆื•ืช ืœ ืคืกื•ืงื™ ื”ืฉื˜ืŸ, ืกืคืจื™ื• ืฉืœ ืจื•ืฉื“ื™ ื—ืฆื• ืืช ืชืช ื”ื™ื‘ืฉืช ื•ืืช ื›ื“ื•ืจ ื”ืืจืฅ, ืืš ื™ืฆื™ืจื•ืชื™ื• ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกืžื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ืŸ ื›ื•ืœืŸ, ื‘ืœื‘, ืขืœ ืžื•ืžื‘ืื™ - ืขืœ ื”ืขื•ื ื™ ื•ืขืœ ื”ื–ื•ื”ืจ ืฉืœื”, ืขืœ ื“ืขื•ืชื™ื” ื”ืงื“ื•ืžื•ืช ื•ืขืœ ืื™-ื”ืฉื•ื•ื™ื•ื ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื”, ื•ื‘ืกื•ืคื• ืฉืœ ื“ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ื”ื—ื•ืกืŸ ื•ื”ืื ื•ืฉื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื”.

ืžืื–, ื‘ื•ืžื‘ื™ื™ ืฉื™ื ืชื” ืืช ืฉืžื” ื•ื”ืชืคื•ืฆืฆื” ืœืžื’ืžื” ืขื•ืœืžื™ืช, ืื‘ืœ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืฉื‘ื”ื ื”ื“ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืจื•ืฉื“ื™ ื—ื™ื• ืืช ืงื™ื•ืžื ื”ืืžื™ืชื™-ืžืฆื™ืื•ืชื™ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื ื™ืชื ื™ื ืœืžื™ืคื•ื™ ืœืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืžื˜ืจื•ืคื•ืœื™ืŸ ื”ืžื”ื™ืจ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื”ื•ื“ื•. ืœื”ืฉืขื•ืช ืื™ ืืžื•ืŸ ืฆืขื“ ืœืชื•ืš ืžื•ืžื‘ืื™ ื”ืŸ ืืžื™ืชื™ ื“ืžื™ื•ื ื™.

ื‘ื•ื‘ ืžืืจืœื™ ืจื’ืื™ื™ ืฉื‘ื™ืœ - ื’ 'ืžื™ื™ืงื”

ื›ืฉื–ื” ืžื’ื™ืข ืœืžื•ื–ื™ืงื”, ื’ 'ืžื™ื™ืงื” ืื’ืจื•ืคื™ื ื”ืจื‘ื” ืžืขืœ ื”ืžืฉืงืœ ืฉืœื”: ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ื–' ืื ืจื™ื ืžื•ืกื™ืงื” ืื—ืจื™ื, ื–ื” ื ืชืŸ ืืช ื”ืจื’ืื™ื™ ื‘ืขื•ืœื, ืื’ื“ื” ืจื’ืื™ื™ ื‘ื•ื‘ ืžืืจืœื™. ืจื•ื‘ืจื˜ ื ืกื˜ื” ืžืจืœื™ ื ื•ืœื“ ื‘ื›ืคืจ ืงื˜ืŸ ื‘ืฆืคื•ืŸ ื’ 'ืžื™ื™ืงื”, ืื‘ืœ ื”ื”ืชืขื•ืจืจื•ืช ืฉืœื• ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื™ ื”ืฆืžื™ื—ื” ื”ืชืจื—ืฉ ื‘ื’ื˜ืื•ืช ืงื™ื ื’ืกื˜ื•ืŸ, ื•ื”ื•ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื—ืœืง ืžืื•ื“ ื”ื ื•ืฃ ืฉืœ ื’' ืžื™ื™ืงื”; ื‘ื—ืœืงื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ ื”ื•ื ืจื›ืฉ ื›ืžืขื˜ ืžืขืžื“ ื“ืžื•ื™ ื ื‘ื™ื.

ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืฉื—ื–ืจ ืืช ืžื”ืœืš ื—ื™ื™ื• ืฉืœ ืžืจืœื™, ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื™ื•ืช ืžื•ื–ื™ืงืœื™ืช ื•ืžื•ื•ืช, ื‘ืงื™ื ื’ืกื˜ื•ืŸ ื•ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืชื”, ืื ื›ื™ ืฉืืจ ื’ 'ืžื™ื™ืงื”, ืขื ื”ื—ื•ืคื™ื ื”ื™ืคื™ื ืฉืœื” ืžืคืœื™ื, ืื•ื›ืœ ืžืชื•ื‘ืœ ื˜ืขื™ื, ื”ืจื™ื ืžื›ื•ืกื” ื’' ื•ื ื’ืœ ื•ืžื•ืจืฉืช ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ืช ืขืฉื™ืจื”, ื”ื•ื ืคืœื ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ื’ื ื›ืŸ. ืคื‘ืจื•ืืจ ("ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ืจื’ืื™ื™") โ€‹โ€‹ื”ื•ื ื”ื–ืžืŸ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื‘ืงืจ, ืขื ืชืขืจื•ื›ื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืชืขืจื•ื›ื•ืช ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืขื™ืจ ืœื—ื’ื•ื’ ืืช ื™ื•ื ื”ื”ื•ืœื“ืช ืฉืœ ืžืจืœื™ ื•ืืช ื”ืžื•ืจืฉืช ืฉืœื•.

ืืจื˜ื™ืกืŸ ืžืจืงืฉ - ืžืจื•ืงื•

ืืฃ ืขืœ ืคื™ ืฉืคืืก ื ื—ืฉื‘ื” ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ ืœื‘ื™ืจืช ืื•ืžืŸ ืฉืœ ืžืจื•ืงื•, ื—ืœ ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ ื‘ืจื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ืืžื ื•ืชื™ื•ืช. ื’ื™ืฉืชื• ืฉืœ ืžืจืงืฉ ืœื—ืฉื™ื‘ื” ืงื“ืžื™ืช ืจืืชื” ื’ืœ ืฉืœ ืืžื ื™ื ื•ืื•ืžื ื™ื ื—ื“ืฉื™ื ื‘ืขื™ืจ, ื•ื‘ื‘ื™ืื ืœื” ืฉืœ ืžืจืงืฉ, ืฉื ื•ืกื“ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื•ื ืกื” ื‘ืจื ืกื•ืŸ ื‘ -2004, ืฉื™ืžืฉื” ื–ืจื– ืœื’ืœืจื™ื•ืช ื•ืœืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ื ื™ื ื”ื”ื•ืœื›ื™ื ื•ืžืชืจื‘ื™ื.

ื“ื™ ื”ืจื‘ื” ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื‘ืžืจืงืฉ ื›ื™ื•ื - ืคื•ืค ืืจื˜ ื•ืืžื ื•ืช ืจื—ื•ื‘, ืชื›ืฉื™ื˜ื™ื ื‘ื”ืฉืจืืช ื‘ืจื‘ืจ ืขื ืงืฆื” ื ื•ื‘ื• ื•ืืžื ื•ืช ื—ื“-ืคืขืžื™ืช, ืฉื ื•ืฆืจื• ืžื–ื‘ืœ ืžืžื•ื—ื–ืจ. ืขื ืื•ืžื ื™ื ื”ื—ื•ืฉืคื™ื ืžืจืขื” ื—ื“ืฉื™ื ืชื•ืš ืื™ืžื•ืฅ ื˜ื›ื ื™ืงื•ืช ืขืชื™ืงื•ืช ืžื›ื•ื‘ื“ื•ืช, ื”ื›ื•ื›ื‘ ื”ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื™ ืฉืœ ืžืจืงืฉ ืžืžืฉื™ืš ืœืขืœื•ืช.

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ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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