ื”ืืžื ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืœืชื™ ืฆืคื•ื™ื” ืฉืœ ืืื•ื˜ื‘ืง ื ื™ื• ืกืื•ืช 'ื•ื™ื™ืœืก

ื”ืืžื ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืœืชื™ ืฆืคื•ื™ื” ืฉืœ ืืื•ื˜ื‘ืง ื ื™ื• ืกืื•ืช 'ื•ื™ื™ืœืก

ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื Oz, ืžื“ื™ื ืช ื ื™ื• ืกืื•ืช 'ื•ื™ื™ืœืก (NSW) ื™ืฉ ื›ืจื˜ื™ืก ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื”ืขืจืขื•ืจ. ื”ื—ื™ื•ื‘ ื”ืขืœื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื•ืœืš ืœืกื™ื“ื ื™ ื•ืืช ืงื• ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” supercharged, ืื‘ืœ ื‘ืคื™ื ื” ื”ืžืขืจื‘ ื”ืจื—ื•ืง ืฉืœื” ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื”ื•ืœืš ืœื”ืชืขืœื.

ื›ืืŸ, ื™ืฉ ื™ื•ืคื™ ืื—ืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ื’ืก ื•ื”ืžื—ื•ืกืคืก, ืžืขื•ืจืจ ื”ืฉืจืื” ื‘ืืงืกืฆื ื˜ืจื™ื•ืช ื•ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื™ื•ืช ื‘ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื™ื” ืฉืชื•ืฆืจ ื”ืืžื ื•ืช ืฉืœื” ื ื•ื˜ื” ืœื’ื•ื“ืœื• ื”ืงื˜ืŸ. ื‘ื ืงื•ื“ื” ื–ื•, ืฉื‘ืžืกืœื•ืœ ื”ืžื›ื•ืช, ื ืžืฆื ื”ืืžื ื•ืช ื‘ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื”ื›ื™ ืœื ืฆืคื•ื™ื™ื: ืขืœ ืงื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืคืื‘ื™ื ื•ืคื ื™ ื”ืกืœืข, ื‘ืžื›ืจื•ืช ืื•ืคืœ ื•ื‘ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช ืžื“ื‘ืจื™ื•ืช, ื‘ืžื›ืœืื•ืช ื‘ืžืจื—ืง ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืžื›ืœ ืžืงื•ื.

ื’ื‘ืขืช ืฉื‘ื•ืจื™ื

Broken Hill (ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื™ื” 18,500) ื”ื™ื "ื‘ื™ืจืช" ืฉืœ ื”ืื–ื•ืจ outback NSW, ืฉื•ื›ื‘ 1150 ืง"ืž ืžืกื™ื“ื ื™. ื–ื•ื”ื™ ืขื™ืจ ื’ื‘ื•ืœ ืžื“ื‘ืจื™ืช ืฉื ื‘ื ืชื” ืขืœ ื›ืจื™ื™ื”, ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื”ื™ื ืงืฉื•ื—ื” ื›ืžื• ืžืกืžืจื™ื ื•ืžืœืื” "blokiness" ืืจื›ื™ื˜ื™ืคื™ - ืื‘ืœ ื™ืฉ ืœื” ื’ื ืงืฆื•ื•ืช ืจื›ื™ื ืœื”ืคืœื™ื, ื›ื•ืœืœ ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื™ื•ืช ื•ืจื•ื— ื”ืงื”ื™ืœื” ื‘ืฉืคืข. ื™ืฉ ื›ืืŸ ื’ื ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืฉืœ ื”ื’ื“ืจืช ื”ืื•ืžื” - ื‘ื™ื ื•ืืจ 2015, ื‘ืจื•ืงืŸ ื”ื™ืœ ื”ืคื›ื” ืœืขื™ืจ ื”ืื•ืกื˜ืจืœื™ืช ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื•ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื” ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ื›ืœืœ ื‘ืจืฉื™ืžืช ื”ืžื•ืจืฉืช ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ืช. ื›ืขื™ืจ ื›ืจื™ื™ื” ื—ืžื” ื•ืžืื•ื‘ืงืช, ื›ื“ืื™ ืฉืชืืžื™ื ื• ืฉื™ืฉ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืคืื‘ื™ื ื™ืฉื ื™ื ืงืœืืกื™ื™ื ืฉื‘ื”ื ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื”ืจื˜ื™ื‘ ืืช ื”ืžืฉืจื•ืงื™ืช.

ืขื ื–ืืช, ื”ืขื•ื‘ื“ื” ื›ื™ืฃ: ื‘ืจื•ืงืŸ ื”ื™ืœ ื™ืฉ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื’ืœืจื™ื•ืช ืœืืžื ื•ืช ืžืืฉืจ ืคืื‘ื™ื. ืžืงื•ื ื ื”ื“ืจ ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืืจื˜-ื”ื•ืค ื”ื•ื ื‘ืจื•ืงืŸ ื”ื™ืœ ืื–ื•ืจื™ืช ืœืืžื ื•ืช ื”ื’ืœืจื™ื”, ืฉื•ื›ื ื• ื”ืืžืคื•ืจื™ื•ื ืžืฉื•ื—ื–ืจ ื™ืคื” ืžืฉื ืช 1885. ื–ื•ื”ื™ ื”ื’ืœืจื™ื” ื”ืื–ื•ืจื™ืช ื”ืขืชื™ืงื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื•ืžื—ื–ื™ืงื” 1800 ื™ืฆื™ืจื•ืช ื‘ืื•ืกืฃ ื”ืงื‘ืข ืฉืœื”, ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืื“ื•ื ื™ื ืื•ืกื˜ืจืœื™ื™ื ื›ืžื• ื’ 'ื•ืŸ ืื•ืœืกืŸ , ืกื™ื“ื ื™ ื ื•ืœืืŸ ื•ืืจืชื•ืจ ืกื˜ืจื™ื˜ื•ืŸ, ื›ืžื• ื’ื ื™ื™ืฆื•ื’ ืžืงื•ืžื™ ื—ื–ืง.

ื‘ืจื•ืงืŸ ื”ื™ืœ ื”ื™ื” ื‘ื™ืชื ืฉืœ "Brushmen ืฉืœ ื‘ื•ืฉ", ืงื‘ื•ืฆื” ืžืคื•ืจืกืžืช ืฉืœ ื—ืžื™ืฉื” ืืžื ื™ื ืฉืฆื™ืœืžื• ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ outback ืื•ืกื˜ืจืœื™ื” ืœืขื•ืœื. ื”ื™ืฆื™ืจื•ืช (ื•ืื•ืกืฃ ื”ืืžื ื•ืช) ืฉืœ ื”ื›ื•ืจื” ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ ืงื•ื•ื™ืŸ ืฆ'ืืจืœืก 'ืคืจื• ื”ืืจื˜' (1928-2006) ืžื•ืฆื’ื•ืช ื‘ืชืฆื•ื’ื” ื‘ื’ืœืจื™ื” ืคืจื• ื”ืืจื˜ ื”ืžืฉื•ื‘ืฆืช - ื‘ื•ื“ืงื•ืช ืืช ืื•ืกืฃ ื”ืจื•ืœืก ืจื•ื™ืก โ€‹โ€‹ืฉืœื•, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืคืจื• ืื—ื“ ืฉืฆื‘ืข ืขื ืกืฆื ื•ืช ืžื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืื•ืกื˜ืจืœื™ืช.

ืœื ื”ืจื—ืง ืžืฉื ื ืžืฆืืช ื”ื’ืœืจื™ื” ืฉืœ ืขื•ื“ ื‘ืจื•ืฉืžืŸ; ื”ื’ืœืจื™ื” ืฉืœ ื’'ืง ืื‘ืฉืœื•ื ื”ื™ื ืฉื˜ื— ื‘ื ื•ื™ ืœืžื˜ืจื” ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืชื• ืฉืœ ื’'ืง ื”ืื•ืงื˜ื•ื’ื ื™. ื”ื‘ื“ื™ื ืฉืœื• ื™ืคื” ืœืœื›ื•ื“ ืืช ื”ืื•ืจ ื•ื”ืฆื‘ืข ืฉืœ ื ื•ืคื™ื outback, ื•ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืขืจื™ืฅ (ื›ืžื• ื’ื ืœืจื›ื•ืฉ) ืื•ืคืœ ืžืžื•ืงืฉ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืืžืŸ.

ืฆื™ื•ืŸ ื“ืจืš ืื—ื“ ื‘ืขื™ืจ ื‘ืœืชื™ ืžืขื•ืจืขืจืช ื”ื•ื ืžืœื•ืŸ ืคืืœืืก - ืื•ืœื™ ืจืื™ืช ืืช ื–ื” ืœืงื—ืช ืชืคืงื™ื“ ื‘ื›ื™ื›ื•ื‘ื• ืฉืœ ื”ืกืจื˜ ื”ืจืคืชืงืื•ืช ืคืจื™ืกื™ืœื”, ืžืœื›ืช ื”ืžื“ื‘ืจ. ื–ื” ืฉืœื•ืฉ ืงื•ืžื•ืช ืคืื‘ ื”ื•ืงื ื‘ืจื—ื•ื‘ ื”ืจืืฉื™ ื‘ืฉื ืช 1889; ื‘ืคื ื™ื, ื ืคืœืื™ื ืงื™ื˜ืฉ ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ ื ื•ืฃ ืœื›ืกื•ืช ื›ืžืขื˜ ื›ืœ ืกื ื˜ื™ืžื˜ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื˜ื—ื™ื ื”ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจื™ื™ื. ื”ื ืžืชื•ืืจื™ื ื› 'ื”ืจื ืกื ืก ื”ืื™ื˜ืœืงื™ ืคื•ื’ืฉ ืืื•ื˜ื‘ืง' ื• ืฆื•ื™ืจื• ื‘ืฉื ื•ืช ื” -70 ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืืžืŸ ื”ื™ืœื™ื“ื™ื, ื’ื•ืจื“ื•ืŸ ื•ื•ืื™. ื”ืชื ืื™ ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ ืฉืœ ื‘ืขืœ ื”ืคืื‘ ืœื•ื•ืื™ ื”ื™ื” ืฉื›ืœ ืกืฆื ื” ืžื›ื™ืœื” ืชื›ื•ื ืช ืžื™ื, ื›ืš ืฉื”ืžืœื•ืŸ ื™ืจื’ื™ืฉ ื›ืžื• ื ื•ื•ื” ืžื“ื‘ืจ. ื–ื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ื›ื›ื” - ื™ืฉ ืžืกืขื“ื”, ืœื™ื ื” ืจื˜ืจื•, ื™ื•ื ืฉื™ืฉื™ ื‘ืœื™ืœื” ืฉื ื™ ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ืœืžืขืœื” ื• outback ืงืœืืกื™ ื—ื™ื•ื ื™: ื‘ื™ืจื” ืงืจื”.

ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืฉืžืฉ ืฉื•ืงืขืช, ืœืืจื•ื– ืคื™ืงื ื™ืง ื•ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ืฉืžื™ื ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืืจื’ืžืŸ ืžืŸ 2400 ื“ื•ื ื ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืžื“ื‘ืจ ืžื“ื™ื ืช ืคืืจืง 12 ืง"ืž ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœืขื™ืจ. ื›ืืŸ, ืขืœ ืคืกื’ื” ืžื•ืขืฉืจืช, ืชืžืฆืื• ืืช "ืคืกืœ ื”ืกื™ืžืคื•ื–ื™ื•ืŸ": ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืคืกืœื™ื ืฉื ื•ืฆืจื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ 12 ืืžื ื™ื ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ื™ื ื‘ -1993. ื”ืืžื ื™ื (ื—ืœืงื ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื, ืื—ืจื™ื ืžืจื—ื™ืงื•ืช ื›ืžื• ืžืงืกื™ืงื•, ืกื•ืจื™ื” ื•ื’'ื•ืจื’'ื™ื”) ื’ื™ืœืฃ ืืช ืื‘ื ื™ ื”ื—ื•ืœ ื”ืขื ืงื™ื•ืช ื‘ืืชืจ.

ืกื™ืœื‘ืจื˜ื•ืŸ

ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื™ื•ืช ื• quirk ืœื–ืจื•ื ืžื›ืœ ืคื™ื ื” ืžืื•ื‘ืงืช ืฉืœ ืกื™ืœื‘ืจื˜ื•ืŸ, 25 ืง"ืž ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœ Broken Hill ื•ื”ื’ื™ืข ื“ืจืš dangscapes ืงื ื’ืจื• ื• ืžื ื•ืงื“. ื–ื” ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื› -50 ืื ืฉื™ื, ืงื•ืžืฅ ื—ืžื•ืจ ื ื•ื“ื“, ืคืื‘ ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™ (ืžืœื ืื•ืคื™), ื›ืžื• ื’ื ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ืžื•ืงื“ืฉ ืœืกืจื˜ ืžืงืก ืžื˜ื•ืจืฃ 2 / (ื›ืŸ, ืงืจืืช ืืช ื–ื” ื ื›ื•ืŸ). ื”ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ื”ื•ื ื›ืžื• ื”ืœื™ื›ื” ืœืชื•ืš ืื—ื“ ื”ืืžืŸ ื”ืื•ืกื˜ืจืœื™ ืจืืกืœ ื“ืจื™ื™ืกื“ื™ื™ืœ ืฉืœ ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ื ื ื•ืขื–ื™ื ื•ืžืขื•ืจืจื™ื. ืื• ืœืžืขืฉื” ืกืจื˜ ืงืœืืกื™ "ืงืื•ื‘ื•ื™ื™ื ื•ื”ื•ื“ื™ื": ืกื™ืœื‘ืจืกื˜ื•ืŸ ื›ื‘ืจ ืžืงื•ื ืœืกืจื˜ื™ื ื ื•ืกืคื™ื ืžืืฉืจ ื›ืžืขื˜ ื‘ื›ืœ ืžืงื•ื ืื—ืจ ื‘ืื•ืกื˜ืจืœื™ื” (ื‘ืคืื‘ ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ืกืงื•ืค ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™).

ืœืฆื“ ื”ืžื•ื–ืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ื–ืจื•ืช ื”ืืœื”, ืœืกื™ืœื‘ืจืกื˜ื•ืŸ ื™ืฉ ื’ื ืงื”ื™ืœืช ืืžื ื•ืช ืžืขื•ืจืจืช ื”ืฉืจืื” ื•ืžืฉื’ืฉื’ืช. ืขื‘ื•ื“ื•ืช ื‘ื”ืฉืจืืช ืืื•ื˜ื‘ืืง (ืชื›ืฉื™ื˜ื™ื, ืฆื™ืœื•ื, ืฆื™ื•ืจ, ืงืจืžื™ืงื”, ืืžื ื•ืช - ื›ืžื” ืจืฆื™ื ื™ื™ื, ืงืฆืช ื›ื™ืฃ) ืžื•ืฆื’ื™ื ื‘ืงื•ืžืฅ ื’ืœืจื™ื•ืช ืืžื ื•ืช ืจืื•ื™ื•ืช ืœืฆื™ื•ืŸ.

ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ Mutawintji

ื–ื” ืคืืจืง ืœืื•ืžื™ ืขืฆื•ื, ืžืจื”ื™ื‘ ืฉื•ื›ืŸ 130km ืฆืคื•ื ื™ืช ืžื–ืจื—ื™ืช ืฉืœ Broken Hill. ื”ืื•ืกื˜ืจืœื™ื ื™ืœื™ื“ื™ ื”ืื–ื•ืจ ืžืชื’ื•ืจืจื™ื ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ื‘ืžืฉืš ืืœืคื™ ืฉื ื™ื, ื•ื™ืฉ ืื•ืกืฃ ืขืฉื™ืจ ืฉืœ ืืžื ื•ืช ืจื•ืง ืื‘ื•ืจื™ื’'ื™ื ื™ืช ืขืชื™ืงื”, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืชื—ืจื™ื˜ื™ื ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื™ื ื•ืกื˜ื ืกื™ืœื™ื ื™ื“, ื‘ืชื•ืกืคืช ืคื–ื•ืจื™ื ืฉืจื™ื“ื™ื ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื™ ื”ื™ื•ื ื™ื•ื ืฉืœื”ื. ืจื‘ื™ื ืžื”ื ืžื•ื’ื ื™ื ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ืืชืจ ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ Mutawintji, ืืฉืจ ื ื’ื™ืฉ ืจืง ืขื ืžื“ืจื™ืš. ื™ืฉ ื›ืžื” ืกื™ื•ืจื™ื ืžืฆื•ื™ื™ื ื™ื ืœื‘ื—ื™ืจื”, ื”ืคื•ืขืœื™ื ืžื‘ืจื•ืงืŸ ื”ื™ืœ.

ืจื›ืก ื‘ืจืง

ื›ืžื• ืื—ืจื™ื ื”ื›ืคืจื™ื outback ื›ืจื™ื™ืช, ื”ืขื™ืจ ืจืขืฉ ืฉืœ ื‘ืจืง ื”ืจื›ืก ื–ื•ืจืง ืืช ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ื“ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ื•ืืช ืื‘ื ื™ ื”ื—ืŸ ื›ืื—ื“. ื–ื”ื• ืื—ื“ ื”ืžืงื•ืจื•ืช ื”ืžืขื˜ื™ื ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืฉืœ ืื•ืคืœ ืฉื—ื•ืจ ื™ืงืจ, ื•ื›ืžื” ืžื›ืจื•ืช ื”ืชื—ืชื™ืช ืฉืœ ืจื™ื“ื’ 'ื•ืื•ืœืžื•ืช ืชืฆื•ื’ื” ืคืชื•ื—ื™ื ืœืงื”ืœ ื”ืจื—ื‘.

ื”ืžื•ืขื“ืฃ ืขืœื™ื ื• ื”ื•ื ื”ื—ื“ืจื™ื ื”ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื™ื“ ื”ืฉื—ื•ืจื”, ืฉื‘ื” ื”ืืžืŸ ื•ื”ื›ื•ืจื” ืจื•ืŸ ืงื ืœื™ืŸ ื”ืคืš ืชื‘ื™ืขื” ื›ืจื™ื™ื” ื‘ืช 40 ืจื’ืœ ืืœ ืชื•ืš ื’ืœืจื™ื” ืžืจื”ื™ื‘ื” ืฉืœ ื’ื™ืœื•ืคื™ื ื•ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช: ื’ื™ื‘ื•ืจื™-ืขืœ, ืกืœื‘ืจื™ื˜ืื™ื, ืคืจืขื•ื ื™ื, ื‘ื•ื“ื”ื•ืช, ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื, ืืชื” ืฉื ืืช ื–ื”.ื”ืชื”ื•ื ื”ืžืขื•ื˜ืจืช ื”ื™ื ื—ืœืงื™ื ืฉื•ื•ื™ื ื•ืžืจื•ืžืžื™ื.

ืจื›ืก ื”ื•ื ืžืงื•ื ืžืฉืขืฉืข ืžืื•ื“ ืœื‘ืœื•ืช ื›ืžื” ื™ืžื™ื - ืœื”ืจื™ื ื ื“ื‘ื” ืžืžืจื›ื– ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื•ืœืœื›ืช ืื—ืจื™ ืืจื‘ืขื” ืขืฆืžื™ืช ื›ื•ื ืŸ "ื“ืœืช ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื™ืช" ืกื™ื•ืจื™ื, ืืฉืจ ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืชื—ื•ืžื™ ืขื ื™ื™ืŸ ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืขื™ืจ. ื›ืœ ืกื™ื•ืจ ืžืกื•ืžืŸ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื“ืœืชื•ืช ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืฆื‘ืข (ื™ืจื•ืง, ื›ื—ื•ืœ, ืฆื”ื•ื‘ ื•ืื“ื•ื), ื”ืžื“ื’ื™ื ืืช ื›ื•ืฉืจ ื”ื”ืžืฆืื” ืฉืœ ื”ืงื”ื™ืœื” ื•ืืช ืฉื ื™ื ื•ืชื”. ื”ืชืงืฉืจ ืืœ ื’ 'ื•ืŸ ืžืืจื™ ืœืืžื ื•ืช ื’ืœืจื™ื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื—ื›ื ื•ื—ืกืจ ืžื–ืœ ืœื•ืงื— ืขืœ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื outback.

ืื•ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืกื™ื ื‘ืžื›ืœืื”

ืœื ืžืžืฉ ื‘- outback NSW ืื‘ืœ ื”ื›ื•ืชืจืช ืฉื, Utes ื‘ Paddock ื”ื•ื ืื—ื“ ืฉืœ A-a- ืกื•ื’ ืืžื ื•ืช ื”ื”ืชืงื ื”, ื•ื›ืŸ ืžื—ื•ื•ื” ืžื”ื ื” ืœื—ื™ื™ื ื”ืคืกื˜ื•ืจืœื™ ื”ืื•ืกื˜ืจืœื™. ื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ืฉื ืžืจืžื–, "ื”ืืžื ื•ืช" ื˜ืžื•ืŸ ื‘ืžื›ืœืื” ืขืœ 70km ืžืŸ ื”ืขื™ืจ ืคืืจืงืก, ื‘ื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืžืขืจื‘ ืขืœ ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ Condobolin. ื›ืืŸ, 20 ื›ืœื™ ืจื›ื‘ ืื™ืงื•ื ื™ (ืจืง ื”ื•ืœื“ื ืก!) ืงื™ื‘ืœื• ืžื”ืคืš ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื™. ืžืขืจื™ืฆื™ื ืืช ืื•ื˜ื™ื–ื™ืœื” (ืงื ื’ื•ืจื• ืžืชื›ืชื™ ื’ื“ื•ืœ), ืืช ื”ืืžื™ื˜ (ืจื›ื‘ ืฆื‘ื•ืข ื‘ืจืืฉื™ ืจืืฉื™ื), ืืช ื”ื˜ืจื™ื‘ื•ื˜ื™ (ืžื›ื•ืกื” ื‘ืืžื ื•ืช ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช), ื•ืื•ื˜ ืื—ื“ ืฉื ื•ืขื“ ืœื“ืžื•ืช ืชื ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ื ืขื ื“ืื ืขื“ื ื” ืขืœ ื”ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ื.

.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

add
close