ืฆื™ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืขื™ืจ Guanajuato ื—ื’ื™ื’ื™

ืฆื™ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืขื™ืจ Guanajuato ื—ื’ื™ื’ื™

ืงื•ืœื•ืช ื‘ื’ื•ืื ื’'ื•ืื˜ื• ืงื•ืคืฆื™ื ืžืงื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืขืžืง ื›ืžื• ื›ื“ื•ืจ ืคื™ื ื’ ืคื•ื ื’: ืžืฆืœืฆืœื™ื ืคืขืžื•ื ื™ ื›ื ืกื™ื•ืช, ืชืจื ื’ื•ืœื™ื ืžืงืจืงืจื™ื, ื›ืœื‘ื™ื ื ื•ื‘ื—ื™ื. ื‘ืฉืขื•ืช ื”ื‘ื•ืงืจ ื”ืžื•ืงื“ืžื•ืช ืžื‘ื™ื ืงืจื™ืื•ืช ืฉืœ "ืื’ื•-ืืื”!" ื•"ืžื—ื‘ืช ", ื›ืžื• ืžื•ื›ืจื™ื ืžื•ื›ืจื™ื ืžื™ื ื•ืœื—ื ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ืฉื›ื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืžื’ื•ื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ, ื•ื‘ืขืจื‘ื™ื ืžืคืฆื™ืฆื™ื ืคืฆืฆื•ืช ืคื™ืฆื•ืฅ ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจ. ื”ื—ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ืžืงืกื™ืงื ื™ื ืฉืœื™ ืื•ืžืจื™ื ืœื™ ืฉื”ืื ืฉื™ื ื›ืืŸ ืื•ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืงืคื™ื ื‘ืจืขืฉ. ื–ื” ื’ื•ืจื ืœื”ื ืœื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื”ื ืื•ืžืจื™ื.

ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื–ืจ, ืืช ื”ืจืขืฉ ื•ืืช clatch ื”ื ื”ื–ืžื ื” evocative ืœืชื•ืš ืขื™ืจ ืชื•ืกืกืช. ืจืขืฉ ื”ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื”ื“ื”ื“ ื‘ืžื‘ื ื™ื, ื‘ืืจื›ื™ื˜ืงื˜ื•ืจื”, ื‘ืฆื‘ืขื™ื ืขืœื™ื–ื™ื, ื‘ืืจื›ื™ื˜ืงื˜ื•ืจื” ื•ื‘ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื•ืช ืฉื”ืขื ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ ืžื‘ื™ื ืœืขื™ืจ. ืœื‘ืœื•ืช ื™ื•ื ืžืชื’ืื” ื‘ืงืกื ื•ื‘ืขืจื‘ ืจื•ืงื“ื™ื ื‘ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช.

ื”ืชื—ืœื” ืงืœื”

ื”ืขื™ืจ ืคื•ืขืœืช ืขืœ ืœื•ื— ื–ืžื ื™ื ืขืชื™ืง ืฉื‘ื• ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืžื•ื–ืžื ื™ื ืœื”ืฉืชืชืฃ. ื‘ืคืœืื–ื” ื‘ืจื˜ื™ื•, ื”ืฆื˜ืจืคื• ืœืงื”ืœ "ื‘ืจืื ืฅ'" ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ื•ืงืจ ื‘ืขื’ืœืช ื”ืื•ื›ืœ ื”ืงื˜ื ื”, ืฉื ื‘ืžืฉืš ืฉื ื™ื, ืฉืชื™ื™ื señoras ื”ืชื›ื•ื ืŸ gorditas, ืื•ื›ืœ ืจื—ื•ื‘ ืžืงื•ืžื™. ื”ืžืืคื™ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืžืงืžื— ืชื™ืจืก ื•ืžืžื•ืœืื™ื ื‘ื‘ืฉืจ, ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ื•ืกืชื™ืžื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช. ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ, ืœื”ืฆื˜ืจืฃ ืœืชืœืžื™ื“ื™ ืงืคื” Tall ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืงืคื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ, ืœืคื ื™ ื”ื™ืฆื™ืื” ืœื˜ื™ื™ืœ.

ืžื•ืจืฉืช ื”ื‘ืืจื•ืง

ืœืื—ืจ ืืจื•ื—ืช ื”ื‘ื•ืงืจ, ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื’ืœื•ืช ืืช ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื”ืขืฉื™ืจื” ื•ื”ืžื’ื•ื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื’ื•ืื ื’ื•ืื˜ื•. ื’ื•ืื ื’ื•ืื˜ื• ื ื—ืฉืฃ ื‘ -16ื” ื”ืžืื” ื•ื‘ืžืฉืš 250 ื”ืฉื ื™ื ื”ื‘ืื•ืช, ื”ืคื™ืง ื”ืื–ื•ืจ 20% ืžื›ืกืฃ ื”ืขื•ืœื. ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืฉืœ ืขื•ืฉืจ ื”ืœืš ืœืกืคืจื“, ื›ืœ ื”ืฉืืจ ื”ืœืš ื‘ืจื•ื ื™ื ืงื•ืœื•ื ื™ืืœื™ื™ื ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ืืฉืจ, ืชื•ืš ืจื™ืจื™ืช ื›ื™ืกื™ื ืฉืœื”ื, ื”ืฉืงื™ืขื• ื‘ื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ื”ืขื™ืจ.

ื”ื™ื•ื, Guanajuato ืžืชื’ืื” ืžื•ืจืฉืช ืžืจื”ื™ื‘ื” ืฉืœ ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœื•ืช ื”ื‘ืืจื•ืง. ื”ื‘ื–ื™ืœื™ืงื” ื”ืžืจืฉื™ืžื” ืฉืœ ื ื•ืกื˜ืจื” ืกื ื™ื•ืจื” ื“ื” ื’ื•ืื ืื’'ื•ืื˜ื• ื”ื™ื ืื—ืช ื”ื“ื•ื’ืžืื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉื•ื›ืŸ ืชืžื•ื ื” ืžื›ื•ืกื” ื‘ืชื›ืฉื™ื˜ ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ืชื•ืœื” ืฉืœ ื’ื•ืื ื’ื•ืื˜ื• ืฉื ื™ืชื ื” ืœืขื™ืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืคืœื™ืคื” ื”ืฉื ื™ ืžืกืคืจื“ ื‘ื–ื›ื•ืช ื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืฉืจ ืฉืกื™ืคืง ืืช ื”ื›ืชืจ.

ืœืงื‘ืœืช ื“ื•ื’ืžื” ื ื•ืกืคืช ืงืœืืกื™ืช ื”ืจืืฉ ืืœ ื˜ืžืคืœื•ืก ืœื” ื•ืœื ืกื™ื” ืžืจื”ื™ื‘. ืžืžื•ืงื ื’ื‘ื•ื” ืขืœ ื’ื‘ืขื” ื”ืžืฉืงื™ืคื” ืขืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ, ื”ื›ื ืกื™ื™ื” ืžืกื ื•ื•ืจืช ืขื ื—ื–ื™ืช ื”ื‘ืืจื•ืง ืฉืœื” ืžื–ื‘ื—ื•ืช ื”ื–ื”ื‘ ื”ืžื•ื–ื”ื‘.

ืžื‘ื˜ ืžืœืžืขืœื”

ืฆื‘ืข ื”ื•ื ื ืฉืžื” ืžืื•ื“ ืฉืœ Guanajuato. ืœืื—ืจ ืกื™ื•ืจ ื›ื ืกื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืืจื•ืง, ืœื—ื•ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืชืฉื•ืงื” ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื’ื•ื•ื ื™ื ืจื•ื•ื™ื™ื ืœืงื—ืช ืืช ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ืงืฆืจื”, ืื‘ืœ ืชืœื•ืœื”, ืจื›ื‘ืœ ืœื‘ืกื™ืก ืžื•ื ื•ืžื ื˜ื• ืžืกื™ื‘ื™ ืืœ Pípila, ื”ืžืชืืจ ื’ื™ื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืขืฆืžืื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ืืœ Pípila.

ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื, ืคื ื•ืจืžื” ืžื”ืคื ื˜ ืžืœืžืขืœื” ืฉืœ ื”ืจื›ื‘ืœ ื”ื•ื ื–ืจื– ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืจื•ืžืŸ ืขื ื”ืขื™ืจ. ื”ืขืจื•ืฅ ื”ืชืœื•ืœ ืฉื‘ื• ื’ื•ื•ืื ื’'ื•ืื˜ื• ื™ื•ืฉื‘ ืžืกื•ืžืŸ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืจืฉืช ืœื ืกื“ื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ืกืžื˜ืื•ืช ืžืชืคืชืœื•ืช ื•ืืช ื”ืขื•ืžืก ืฉืœ ืžื‘ื ื™ื ื‘ื’ื•ื•ื ื™ื ืคืกื˜ืœ. ืคื” ื•ืฉื ืžืชืจื•ืžืžื•ืช ืžืขืœ ื”ื’ื’ื•ืช ื›ื ืกื™ื•ืช ืขื ืงื™ื•ืช ื•ืฆื•ืจื•ืช ืกืกื’ื•ื ื™ื•ืช: ื”ื›ื ืกื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืืจื•ืงื™ื•ืช ื”ืžืคื•ืืจื•ืช, ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ืœืื•ื ื™ื‘ืจืกื™ื˜ืช ื’ื•ืื ืื’'ื•ืื˜ื• ื”ืžืขื•ื˜ืจืช ื‘ืกื•ืœืœื•ืช.

ืื—ืจ ื”ืฆื”ืจื™ื™ื ื‘ืžืจื›ื– ื”ืขื™ืจ

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืืœ ืœื‘ Guanajuato, ื•ืืช ืื—ืจ ื”ืฆื”ืจื™ื™ื ืžืจื’ื™ืข, ืจืืฉ ืืœ Jardín ื“ื” ืœื” ื™ื•ื ื™ื•ืŸ, ืื—ื“ ืฉืœ ืจื‘ื™ื plazas ื›ื™ ืœื”ืคืจื™ื“ ืืช ื”ืกืžื˜ื”. ื–ื” ื˜ืจื™ื– ืงื•ืžืคืงื˜ื™ ืฉืœ ืขืฆื™ ื”ื“ืคื ื” ื”ื”ื•ื“ื™ ื”ื™ืจื•ืง ื‘ื”ื™ืจ ื”ื•ื ืžื•ืงืฃ ืžืกืขื“ื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช ืกื•ืืŸ ืขื ืžืฉืคื—ื•ืช, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ืกื•ืคื™ ืฉื‘ื•ืข. ืœื”ืงื•ืช ืžืจื™ืืฆ'ื™, ื—ื‘ืจื™ื”ื ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื—ื›ืžื™ื ืžืขื•ื˜ืจื™ื ื‘ื—ื™ืชื›ื™ื ื›ืกื•ืคื™ื, ื™ื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ืขืœ ืกืคืกืœื™ ื”ืกืคื™ื ื” ื•ืžืžืฉื™ื›ื™ื ื‘ื’ื™ื˜ืจื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื, ืžื—ื›ื™ื ืฉื™ืฆืœื™ื—ื• ืœื‘ืฆืข.

ื‘ื™ืžื™ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืื—ืจ ื”ืฆื”ืจื™ื™ื, ืืช ื”ืœื”ืงื” ืฉืœ ืคืœืื–ื” ืžืฉื—ืง ืœืืจื— ืืช ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ืืฉืจ ื”ืชื ื•ื“ื“ ื‘ื—ืŸ ื›ื“ื™ merengue ื• ืกืœืกื”. ื‘ืชืงื•ื•ื” ืœื ืฆืœ ืืช ื”ืžื•ื ื™ื˜ื™ืŸ ืฉืœ ืฆื•ืคื™ื ื ื•ื“ื“ื™ื, ืกื•ืœื• buskers ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืœื”ืฉืชื”ื•ืช ื‘ืงืจื‘ืช ืžืงื•ื.

ื‘ืงืฆื” ืื—ื“ ืฉืœ ืืœ Jardín ืžืชื ืฉื ืชื™ืื˜ืจื• ื—ื•ืืจื–, ืฉื‘ื• ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ืœืืกื•ืฃ ืขืœ ื”ืžื“ืจื’ื•ืช ืœืจืื•ืช ื•ืœื”ื™ืจืื•ืช. ื”ืชื™ืื˜ืจื•ืŸ ื”ืžืคื•ืืจ ืžืขื•ื˜ืจ ื‘ื˜ื•ืจื™ื ื™ื•ื•ื ื™ื™ื ื•ื‘ืคืกืœื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื•ื–ื•ืช, ื”ื•ื ืื—ื“ ืžืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื”ืžืคื’ืฉ ื”ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื™ืจ. ื ื—ื ืš ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื“ื™ืงื˜ื˜ื•ืจ ืคื•ืจืคื™ืจื™ื• ื“ื™ืื– ื‘ืฉื ืช 1903, ืคืจืฆื•ืคื• ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ ื”ืžื“ื”ื™ื ืขื ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ืžื•ืจื™, ื”ืฉืชื ื” ืžืขื˜ ืžืื– ืชื—ื™ืœืช ื”ืžืื” ื”ืขืฉืจื™ื. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื‘ืงืจ ืจืง ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืขื™ืฃ ืžื‘ื˜, ืื‘ืœ ื”ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืขื™ื ืžื›ืœ ืกื•ื’ ืฉื”ื•ื ืฉื•ื•ื” ืืช ื–ื”, ืื ืจืง ื›ื“ื™ ืœื™ื”ื ื•ืช ื”ืงืกื ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ื™ืฉืŸ.

ื”ื™ื›ืจื•ืช ืขื ื”ืขื•ืจืงื™ื

ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœืืœ ื’'ืจื“ืŸ, ื”ืจื™ื’ื•ืฉ ืฉืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื’ื•ืื ื’'ื•ืื˜ื• ื”ื•ื ืœืฉื•ื˜ื˜ ื‘ืขื™ืจ ื”ืงื•ืžืคืงื˜ื™ืช, ืœื‘ืงืจ ื‘ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ื ื™ื ื”ืจื‘ื™ื ืฉืœื” ื•ืœื”ืชืคืขืœ ืžื”ืืจื›ื™ื˜ืงื˜ื•ืจื”. ืžืœื ื‘ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืฆืจื™ื ื•ืกืžื˜ืื•ืช, ื”ืขื™ืจ ืงืœ ืœื ื•ื•ื˜ ื‘ืจื’ืœ. ื›ืœื™ ืจื›ื‘ ื ื“ื‘ืงื™ื ืœืกื“ืจืช ืžื ื”ืจื•ืช ืชืช ืงืจืงืขื™ื•ืช ืฉื”ื™ื• ื‘ืขื‘ืจ ื ื”ืจ ื”ืขืžืง.

ื›ืžื” ืฆื™ื•ื ื™ ื“ืจืš ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื™ื™ื ืžืจื›ื–ื™ื™ื ืžืžื•ืงืžื™ื ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ื ื”ืขื™ืงืจื™ื™ื. The Mercado Hildago, ืฉื‘ื ื™ื™ืชื• ื“ื•ืžื” ืœืชื—ื ืช ื”ืจื›ื‘ืช ื”ืฆืจืคืชื™ืช; Alhóndiga de Granaditas, ืืชืจ ื”ืงืจื‘ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื‘ืขืฆืžืื•ืชื” ืฉืœ ืžืงืกื™ืงื•; ืžื•ืกืื• ื“ื™ ืงืืกื” ื“ื” ื“ื™ื™ื’ื• ืจื™ื•ื•ืจื”, ื‘ื™ืช ื™ืœื“ื•ืชื• ืฉืœ ื”ืืžืŸ ื“ื™ื™ื’ื• ืจื™ื•ื•ืจื” ื•ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืื™ื™ืงื•ื’ืจืืคื™ืงื• ื“ืœ ืงื•ื™ื•ื˜ื”, ืžื—ื•ื•ื” ืœืื•ืคื™ื• ืฉืœ ืกืจื•ื•ื ื˜ืก, ื“ื•ืŸ ืงื™ืฉื•ื˜, ื›ื•ืœื ืฉื•ื•ื™ื ืœื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ.

ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ื• ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ืžืงืกื™ืงื ื™ ื ื•ื˜ื™ื ืœื”ืงื” ืœืžื•ืกืื• ื“ื” ืœืืก ืžื•ืžื™ื”. ื‘ืชืขืจื•ื›ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื’ื•ืคื•ืช ื”ืฉืชืžืจื• ืฉื ื—ืคืจื• ื‘ -19ื” ื”ืžืื” ืžืชื•ืš ื‘ืชื™ ืงื‘ืจื•ืช ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ enthrall ืžืงืกื™ืงื ื™ื.ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื›ืžื” ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื–ืจื™ื ืœืžืฆื•ื ืžืงืื‘ืจื™ ื–ื”, ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืžืงืกื™ืงื ื™ื, ืงื‘ืœืช ื”ืžื•ื•ืช ื”ื™ื ื—ืœืง ืžื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื›ืžื• ื”ืืžื•ื ื” ืฉืœื”ื ื‘ื ืคืฉ.

ื—ื•ื’ื’ื™ื ืืช ื›ืœ ื™ื•ื

ื‘ืขืจื‘ ื”ืœื™ืœื™ callejoneada ืขื•ืฉื” ื—ื’ื™ื’ื” ืชื•ืกืก. ืคืฉื•ื˜ื• ื›ืžืฉืžืขื• "ืžืกื™ื‘ืช ืจื—ื•ื‘", ืžื•ื–ื™ืงืื™ื ื–ืžืจื™ื ื–ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื ืœื”ื‘ื™ื Pied-Piper ืกื’ื ื•ืŸ ื“ืจืš ื”ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืชืœื•ืœื™ื callejones (ืกืžื˜ืื•ืช). ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ืžืกืœื•ืœ ื”ื—ื’ื™ื’ื• ื”ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ื™ื ื•ืคื•ืœืงืœื•ืจื™ื™ื ื•ื›ืžื” ืฆื™ืฆื™ื•ืช "ืžืœื•ื›ืœื›ื•ืช". ื–ื” ืœื ืžืฉื ื” ืื ืืชื” ืœื ืžื‘ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืžืฉืžืขื•ืช; ื”ื”ืžื•ืœื” ื•ื”ืฉืžื—ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืงื”ืœ ืžืฉืขืฉืขื™ื ืžืกืคื™ืง.

ืื• ืœื”ืฆื˜ืจืฃ ืืœ ื› -20 ืืœืฃ ืกื˜ื•ื“ื ื˜ื™ื ื”ืžื‘ื™ืื™ื ืืช ื”ื”ืชืœื”ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืฆืขื™ืจื” ืืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื•ืคื•ื’ืขื™ื ื‘ืกื•ืจื’ื™ื ื”ืจื‘ื™ื, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ื™ืžื™ ื—ืžื™ืฉื™ ื‘ืœื™ืœื”.

ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœ

ืขื ื—ื’ื™ื’ื•ืช ืžืฉื•ืชืคื•ืช ื‘ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ื, ืื™ืŸ ืคืœื ื›ื™ ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœื™ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื™ื ื›ืœ ื›ืš ืœืœื•ื— ื”ืฉื ื” ืฉืœ ื’ื•ืื ื’'ื•ืื˜ื•. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื, ืื™ืจื•ืขื™ื ืคื˜ืจื™ื•ื˜ื™ื™ื ื•ื“ืชื™ื™ื ืืœื” ื’ื ืžืชื›ื•ื•ื ื™ื ืœื—ื•ืคืฉื” ื•ื”ื–ื“ืžื ื•ืช ืœื™ื”ื ื•ืช ืžืขื™ืจื. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืžื‘ืงืจ, ื”ื ืคืฉื•ื˜ ื›ื™ืฃ ื˜ื•ื‘. ืœืชืคื•ืก ืฉื‘ื•ืขื™ื™ื ืžืœืื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื•ืคืขื•ืช ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ื•ืช ื•ืžืงื•ืžื™ื•ืช ืชื™ืื˜ืจื•ืŸ ืจื—ื•ื‘ ื‘ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœ Cervantino ืฉื ืขืจืš ื‘ื›ืœ ืื•ืงื˜ื•ื‘ืจ. ืื• ืœื”ืฆื˜ืจืฃ ืœืืœืคื™ื ื›ื™ ืงื• ื‘ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ื ื”ืขืฆืžืื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืงืกื™ืงื• (16 ื‘ืกืคื˜ืžื‘ืจ) ื›ื“ื™ ืœืขื•ื“ื“ ืขืœ ื”ื—ื•ืงื™ื ืฉืœ 1810, ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืื‘ Hidalgo ืœืชืช "ืืœ ื’ืจื™ื˜ื•(ื”ืงืจื™ืื”) ืœืขืฆืžืื•ืช.

ื‘ืกื™ื•ื ื”ื—ื’ื™ื’ื•ืช ื”ืœืœื• ืžืžืฉื™ื›ื™ื ืœื”ื•ืคื™ืข ืืžื ื™ื ื•ืืžื ื™ื, ื•ืžืฉืื™ืจื™ื ืœื”ื ืžื ื’ื™ื ื•ืช ืžืชืžืฉื›ื•ืช. ื”ื ืขื•ื–ื‘ื™ื, ื’ื, ืชื—ื•ืฉื” ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ื˜ื—ื•ืŸ: ื›ื™ ืœืžื—ืจืช, ืงืงื•ืคื•ื ื™ื” ืฉืœ Guanajuato ื•ืืช ื”ืงืกื ืฉืœื” ื™ื—ื–ืจื•.

.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

add
close