ื’ืœื” ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” Aztec ื‘ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ืกื™ื˜ื™

ื’ืœื” ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” Aztec ื‘ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ืกื™ื˜ื™

ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ืกื™ื˜ื™ ื”ื™ื ืžื˜ืจื•ืคื•ืœื™ืŸ ืคื•ืจื—ืช ืขื ืžืกืขื“ื•ืช ืงื•ืกืžื•ืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™ื•ืช, ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืจืžื” ืขื•ืœืžื™ืช, ื•ืืจื›ื™ื˜ืงื˜ื•ืจื” ืื•ืœื˜ืจื” ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ ืฆืฅ ื›ืžืขื˜ ืžื“ื™ ื™ื•ื. ืงืฉื” ืœื”ืืžื™ืŸ ืฉืžื’ื”-ืขื™ืจ ื–ื• ื ื‘ื ืชื” ื™ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ืขืœ ืžื” ืฉื”ื™ื” ืคืขื ื‘ื™ืจืช ื”ืื™ืžืคืจื™ื” ื”ืืฆื˜ืงื™ืช.

ืžืื—ื•ืจื™ ื’ื•ืจื“ื™ ื”ืฉื—ืงื™ื ื•ื‘ืชื™ ืงืคื” ื‘ื•ืจื’ื ื™ื™ื ื”ื ืžืื•ืช ืฉื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื•ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ืจืง ืžื—ื›ื” ืœื”ื™ื—ืงืจ. ื”ื ื” ื”ืžืงื•ื ืฉื‘ื• ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื—ืคืฉ ืื•ืชื•.

ื”ืคื™ืจืžื™ื“ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื˜ื™ื•ื˜ื™ื”รกn

Teotihuacán ื”ื•ื ื”ืืชืจ ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ Meso-American ืœื™ื“ ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ืกื™ื˜ื™. ืืฃ ืื—ื“ ืœื ื™ื•ื“ืข ืžื™ ื‘ืืžืช ื‘ื ื” Teotihuacán, ืืจื›ื™ืื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื ื”ื ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื ื›ื™ ื”ืืฆื˜ืงื™ื ื”ื—ืœื• ืžืื›ืœืกื™ื ืืช ื”ืขื™ืจ ื‘ืžืื” ื” -13.

ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ื ื•ื”ื’ ืœืชื•ืš ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ืขืชื™ืงื” ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืคื™ืจืžื™ื“ื” ื”ืขื ืงื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืฉืžืฉ. ื–ื•ื”ื™ ื”ืคื™ืจืžื™ื“ื” ื”ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ืช ื‘ื’ื•ื“ืœื” ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื‘ 210 ืžื˜ืจ. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื˜ืคืก ืขืœ ื”ืžื“ืจื’ื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืงื—ืช ืืช ืื•ืชืŸ ืชืฆื•ื’ื•ืช ื›ื™ ื”ืืฆื˜ืงื™ื ื”ื™ื• ืžืขืœ 700 ืฉื ื™ื.

ืื ื™ืฉ ืจืง ืืชืจ Aztec ืื—ื“ ืืชื” ืžื‘ืงืจ ื‘ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ืกื™ื˜ื™, ื–ื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช Teotihuacan. ื–ื” ื ื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ืงืœื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืกื™ื•ืจ, ืžื•ื ื™ืช, ืื• ืื•ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืก.

Tenochtitlรกn ื•ืืช ืจืืฉ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื˜ืžืคืœ

Tenochtitlán ื”ื™ื” ื‘ื™ืจืช ื”ืื™ืžืคืจื™ื” ื”ืืฆื˜ืงื™ืช. ื–ื• ื”ื™ืชื” ืขื™ืจ ืขื ืงื™ืช, ืืคื™ืœื• ืื–, ื•ื”ื™ืชื” ืžืžื•ืงืžืช ืขืœ ืื™ ื‘ืืžืฆืข ืื’ื ื˜ืงืกืงื•ืงื•. ื›ืฉื”ืกืคืจื“ื™ื ื”ื’ื™ืขื• ืœืžืงืกื™ืงื•, ื”ื ืžื™ืœืื• ืืช ืจื•ื‘ ื ืชื™ื‘ื™ ื”ืžื™ื ื•ื”ื—ืœื• ืœื‘ื ื•ืช ืืช ืžื” ืฉื›ื™ื•ื ื”ื™ื•ื ื‘ืžื›ืกื™ืงื• ืกื™ื˜ื™.

ื‘ืฉื ืช 1978 ื—ืคืจื• ืืจื›ื™ืื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื ื—ืœืงื™ื ืžืŸ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื•ื’ื™ืœื• ืคื™ืจืžื™ื“ื” ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืฉืื ื• ืžื›ื™ืจื™ื ืื•ืชื” ื›ื™ื•ื ื›ืจืืฉ ื”ืขื™ืจ ืฉืœ ื˜ืžืคืœ ืื• ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ื”ืจืืฉื™. ืขื‘ื•ืจ 70 ืคื–ื•ืช ื‘ืœื‘ื“, ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืœื›ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ื—ื•ืจื‘ื•ืช ืืœื” ืœื‘ืงืจ ื‘ืื—ื“ ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ื ื™ื ื”ืืฆื˜ืงื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื›ืœ ืžืงืกื™ืงื•.

ืคืœืื–ื” ื“ื” ืœืืก ื˜ืจืก ืงื•ืœื˜ื•ืจืืก

ืคืœืื–ื” ืฉืœ ืฉืœื•ืฉ ืชืจื‘ื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ื•ื ื”ื›ื™ื›ืจ ื”ืžืจื›ื–ื™ืช ื‘ืฉื›ื•ื ืช ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ืกื™ื˜ื™ ืฉืœ ื˜ืœืื˜ืœื•ืœืงื• ื•ื”ื•ื ืžืงื•ื ืžื“ื”ื™ื ืœื—ื•ื•ืช ืืช ืฉืœื•ืฉ ื”ืชืงื•ืคื•ืช ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื™ื•ืช ื”ืขื™ืงืจื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ืกื™ื˜ื™ - Aztec, ืกืคืจื“ื™ืช ืงื•ืœื•ื ื™ืืœื™ืช, ืขืฆืžืื•ืช ืžืงืกื™ืงื ื™ืช.

ื‘ืžืจื›ื– ื”ื›ื™ื›ืจ ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื—ื•ืจื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ื˜ืœืื˜ืœืงื•, ื›ืžื• ื’ื ื”ืฉื•ืง ื”ืืฆื˜ืงื™ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ื›ื•ืœื•. ืœืฆื“ื• ืžื•ื ื—ืช ื”ื›ื ืกื™ื™ื” ื”ืกืคืจื“ื™ืช, ื˜ืžืคืœื• ื“ื” ืกื ื˜ื™ืื’ื•, ืฉื ื‘ื ืชื” ื‘ืื‘ื ื™ื ืžื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ื”ืืฆื˜ืงื™.

ื‘ื›ื™ื›ืจ ื™ืฉ ืขื‘ืจ ืกื•ืขืจ ื•ื‘ืฉื ืช 1968 ื”ื™ื” ืžืงื•ื ื”ืคื’ื ืช ืกื˜ื•ื“ื ื˜ื™ื ื ื’ื“ ื”ืžืžืฉืœื” ื•ื”ื˜ื‘ื— ืฉืœ ืจื‘ื™ื ืžืชืœืžื™ื“ื™ื”ื.

ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ืขืชื™ืงื” ืฉืœ Cuicuilco

ืจืง ืžื“ืจื•ื ืœืžืจื›ื– ื”ืขื™ืจ ื‘ืฉื›ื•ื ื” Tlalpan, ื”ื•ื ืืชืจ ืืจื›ื™ืื•ืœื•ื’ื™ ื™ื“ื•ืข ื‘ืฉื Cuicuilco, ืฉืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื• "ืžืงื•ื ืฉืœ ืฉื™ืจื™ื" ื‘ืฉืคื” Nahuatl.

ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ื›ืžื• Teotihuacán, ื”ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ื”ืžืงื•ืจื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ื–ืืช ืœื ื”ื™ื• Aztecs. ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื”ืžื‘ื ื™ื ืชืืจื™ืš ื—ื–ืจื” ืขื“ 1400 ืœืคื ื”"ืก, ืกื‘ื™ืจ ืœื”ื ื™ื— ื›ื™ ื”ืืฆื˜ืงื™ื ืจืง ื”ื—ืœ ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืขื™ืจ ื”ื–ืืช ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื”ืžืื” ื” -14.

ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ื•ื ืžืงื•ื ืžืจืชืง ืฉื‘ื• ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืœืžื•ื“ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ืืฆื˜ืงื™ื, ื›ืžื• ื’ื ืจื‘ื™ื Meso-American ืื ืฉื™ื ืฉื”ื’ื™ืขื• ืœืคื ื™ื”ื ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ื–ื”.

ืกื ื˜ื” ืกืกื™ืœื™ื” Acatitlán

ื› 45 ื“ืงื•ืช ืฆืคื•ืŸ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื‘ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื”ื™ื ื”ืขื™ื™ืจื” ื”ืงื˜ื ื” ืฉืœ ืกื ื˜ื” ืกืกื™ืœื™ื”. ื–ื” ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ ื”ืงื˜ืŸ ืžื›ื™ืœ ืื—ืช ื”ื“ื•ื’ืžืื•ืช ื”ื ื•ืชืจื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืืจื›ื™ื˜ืงื˜ื•ืจื” ื”ืืฆื˜ืงื™ืช ื‘ืžืงืกื™ืงื•.

ืจื•ื‘ ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ืžืคื•ืจืง ื•ืžืฉืžืฉ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื‘ื ื•ืช ื›ื ืกื™ื•ืช ื›ืฉื”ืกืคืจื“ื™ื ื”ื’ื™ืขื•, ืื‘ืœ ืžื” ืฉื ืฉืืจ ื”ื•ื ืฉื•ื•ื” ืืช ื”ืžืกืข ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื—ื•ื‘ื‘ ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื”ืืฆื˜ืงื™ื. ืืจื›ื™ืื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื ื’ื™ืœื• ื›ื™ ืžื™ืงื•ื ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ืžืจื›ื– ืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™ ื“ืชื™ ื‘ืชืงื•ืคื” ื”ืืฆื˜ืงื™ื.

ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืงื•ื ืงืฉื” ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืืœื™ื• ืืœื ืื ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ ืžื›ื•ื ื™ืช ืื• ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ ื ื”ื’ ืœื™ื•ื ืžืŸ ื–ื•ืงืืœื•.

Calixtlahuaca

ืื ืืชื” ืžืขื•ื ื™ื™ืŸ ืœืœืžื•ื“ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ื—ื™ื™ ื”ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ื ืฉืœ ื”ืื ืฉื™ื ื”ืืฆื˜ืงื™ื, Calixtlahuaca ื”ื•ื ื”ืžืงื•ื ืœื‘ื•ื. ื–ื” ืงืฆืช ืžืกืข ืžืžืงืกื™ืงื• ืกื™ื˜ื™, ืื‘ืœ ืฉื•ื•ื” ืืช ื”ื ืกื™ืขื”.

ืžืžืฉ ืžื—ื•ืฅ Toluca, ื‘ื™ืจืช ืžื“ื™ื ืช ืžืงืกื™ืงื•, Calixtlahuaca ื”ื•ื ืื—ื“ ื”ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื”ืฉืžื•ืจื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ Aztec ืžื’ื•ืจื™ื. ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ืืจื›ื™ืื•ืœื•ื’ื™ ื™ืฉ ื›ืžื” ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื, ืคื™ืจืžื™ื“ื•ืช, ื•ื‘ืชื™ื ืฉื‘ื”ื ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืกืชื•ื‘ื‘ ื•ืœืงืจื•ื ืขื•ื“ ืขืœ.

ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืœืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื”

ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ื”ื•ื ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื•ื”ืžื•ืขื“ืฃ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ืืจืฅ, ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื–ื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช. ื”ืชืขืจื•ื›ื•ืช ื•ื”ื”ืกื‘ืจื™ื ื”ืŸ ื‘ืกืคืจื“ื™ืช ื•ื”ืŸ ื‘ืื ื’ืœื™ืช, ื•ื›ืžื•ืช ื”ื—ื•ืžืจื” ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ืช ื”ืžื•ืฆื’ืช ื”ื™ื ื›ืžืขื˜ ื ื•ืฉื‘ืช.

ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ื”ื•ื ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ืžื•ืฉืœื ืœืกื™ื™ื ืืช ื”ืกื™ื•ืจ ืฉืœืš ื‘ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืฉืœ ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ืกื™ื˜ื™ ืื–ื˜ืง. ืœืื—ืจ ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ื‘ื›ืžื” ืืชืจื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื•ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื”ืกื•ื‘ื‘ืช, ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืœืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืœืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ืงืฆืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื’ื™ื•ื ื™. ืชื•ื›ืœื• ื’ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื’ืœ ืœืจืื•ืช ื›ืžื” ืฉืจื™ื“ื™ื ื›ื™ ื”ื•ืกืจื• ืžื›ืœ ืืœื” ืžื™ืงื•ืžื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื•ื”ื ื™ื— ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื›ืœ ืœื”ืฆื™ื’ ื‘ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ.

.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

add
close

ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ื”ืฉื‘ื•ืข ื”ื‘ื: