Manrique ื•ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœื•: ื”ืืžื ื•ืช ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช ืฉืœ Lanzarote

Manrique ื•ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœื•: ื”ืืžื ื•ืช ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช ืฉืœ Lanzarote

ื ื•ืฃ ื•ื•ืœืงื ื™ ื’ืก ืžื ื•ืงื“ ื‘ื‘ืชื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ื“ื™ื, ืคื™ืกื•ืœ ืคืกืœื™ื ื•ืคืจื•ื™ืงื˜ื™ื ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœื™ื™ื ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ื™ื; ื”ืื™ Lanzarote ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืื—ืช ืขื ืงื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืืžื ื•ืช. ื”ืืžืŸ ื”ืžื ื•ื—, ืกื–ืจ ืžื ืจื™ืง, ื”ืฉืื™ืจ ืจื•ืฉื ื‘ืœืชื™ ื ืžื ืข ืขืœ ื”ืื“ืžื” ื”ืคืจืื™ืช ื”ื–ืืช, ืฉืžืžืฉื™ื›ื” ืœื”ืคืจื™ื“ ืื•ืชื” ื›ืžื™ืงื•ื ืžืจืชืง.

ื”ื™ื•ืคื™ ื”ืžื•ืคืฉื˜ ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™ ื”ืžืฉืชืจืข ืขืœ ื ื•ืคื™ื ืฉื—ื•ืจื™ื ื•ืžืขื•ื•ืชื™ื ืื™ื ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื”ื—ื•ื‘ืจืช ื”ืื•ืคื™ื™ื ื™ืช ืœื—ื•ื‘ืจืช ื”ื—ื’ื™ื, ืื‘ืœ ื™ืฉ ืžืฉื”ื• ืžืกืคืง ื‘ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืงืฆืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืขืจื™ืš ืืช ื”ืืกืชื˜ื™ืงื” ื™ื•ืฆืืช ื”ื“ื•ืคืŸ. ื•ื‘ืจื’ืข ืฉืืชื” ืขื•ืฉื”, ืืชื” ืžืชื—ื™ืœ ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ืื™ ืœื ืจืง ื›ืžื• ื™ืคื” ืœื”ืคืœื™ื ืืœื ื›ืžื• ื’ืœืจื™ื™ืช ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ืคืชื•ื—.

ื”ื‘ื“ ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™

ื–ื” ื›ืžืขื˜ ื›ืื™ืœื• ื›ื•ืœื ื›ืืŸ ื”ืฉืจืื” ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ืงืฆืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ื™ืคื”. ืงื—ื• ืœืžืฉืœ ืืช ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ื™ื™ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืื™, La Geria - ืขื ื’ืคื ื™ื ื ื˜ื•ืขื™ื ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืกืœืข ื”ื•ื•ืœืงื ื™ ื”ืจื•ืคืฃ, ื”ืขืœื™ื ื”ื™ืจื•ืงื™ื ืžืกืคืงื™ื ื›ืชืžื™ ื•ื™ื‘ืจื ืก ืžืกื•ื“ืจื™ื ืขืœ ืจืงืข ืžื•ื ื•ื›ืจื•ื. ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืœืฉื‘ืช ื‘ืฉื•ืจื•ืช ืงืฉื•ืจื•ืช, ื›ืœ ื’ืคืŸ ืฉืงื•ืข ืœืชื•ืš ืฉืงืข ืžืื—ื•ืจื™ ืงื™ืจ ื ืžื•ืš, ื—ืฆื™ ืขื’ื•ืœ ืฉื ื‘ื ื”, ื›ืžื•ื‘ืŸ ืžืกืœืข ื•ื•ืœืงื ื™. ื‘ืงืจื• ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ื™ื•ื ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืืจื•ืš ืขื ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืžืงื•ืžื™, ืงื•ืจื ื‘ื—ืœืง ืžืŸ ื”ืื™ื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ืคื•ื’ืจืคื™ื” ื”ื™ืคื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืคื ื™ ืœื”ืชื™ืจ ืขืœ ื›ืจื ืื™ื“ื™ืœื™. ืื•, ืœื”ืงื“ื™ืฉ ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื™ื•ื ืฉืœืš ืขื ื‘ื™ื ื•ืขื ื‘ื™ื ืœื‘ื“ ืขืœ ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืจื™ื›ื•ื– ืžืจื•ื›ื– ืฉืœ ืœื” ื’ืจื™ื”. ืืœ ืชืฉื›ื— ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ืžืฆืœืžื” ืœืžืงืจื” ืฉื”ื–ื™ื›ืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœืš ืžื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื”ื ื”ื“ืจืช ื”ื ืงืฆืช ืžืขื•ืจืคืœื™ื ืœืžื—ืจืช! ื”ื›ืจืžื™ื ืžืžื•ืงืžื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืžื•ืฉืœืžืช, ืคื•ื˜ื•ื’ื ื™ื™ื ืœืœื ื”ืจืฃ ื•ืžืขื•ืจืจื™ื ื›ื™ืฆื“ ื ืจืื” ืื—ื•ื–ืช ื™ื™ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ื™ืจื—.

ื”ื™ืจื— ื”ืฉื•ื•ืื•ืช ื”ื rife ืขืœ Lanzarote ื•ืืฃ ืคืขื ืœื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืืฉืจ ื‘ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœ ื˜ื™ืžืื ืคื™ื”. ื ื‘ื ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืชืคืจืฆื•ืช ื•ื•ืœืงื ื™ืช ื‘ืฉื ืช 1730, ืคืืจืง 51 ืงืž"ืจ ื”ื•ื ืงืœื™ื™ื“ื•ืกืงื•ืค ืฉืœ ืžื›ืชืฉื™ื ื•ืคืกื’ื•ืช ืขืงืจื•ืช ื‘ื’ื•ื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืื•ืงืจ, ืื“ืžื“ื ื•ืืคื•ืจื™ื ืขืžื•ืง. ื›ืžื• ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืื˜ืจืงืฆื™ื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ืื™, ื”ืžืกืขื“ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืคืืจืง ื ื•ืฆืจื” ื‘ื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื–ื’ ื›ืžื” ืฉื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืชื•ืš ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื”ืืชืจื™. ื”ื•ื ืชื•ื›ื ืŸ, ื›ืžื• ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื”ืจื‘ื” ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื›ืืŸ, ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืกื–ืืจ ืžื ืจื™ืง, "ื”ื‘ืŸ ื”ืื”ื•ื‘" ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ ื•ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœ ืžื•ื›ืฉืจ, ื‘ืขืœ ื—ื–ื•ืŸ.

César - ืžื’ืŸ ืฉืœ ืื™

ื ื•ืœื“ ื‘ืฉื ืช 1919 ื‘ืืจืื ืกื™ืคื”, ืžื ืจื™ืงื” ื”ื™ื” ืžืขืจื™ืฅ ืžืกืคืจ ืื—ื“ ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ - ื•ื‘ืชืžื•ืจื”, ื”ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ืžืขืจื™ืฆื™ื ืื•ืชื• ืขื“ ืขืฆื ื”ื™ื•ื ื”ื–ื”. ืœืื—ืจ ื›ื™ืฉื•ืฃ ืฉืœ ืžื—ืงืจ ื‘ืืจืฆื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจื™ืช, ื”ื•ื ื—ื–ืจ Lanzarote ืฉืœ 1960s ืœืื—ืจ ืขื“ื™ื ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืชื™ื™ื ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืกืคืจื“, ืžื™ื“ ื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืœื“ืื•ื’ Lanzaroteño ืืจื›ื™ื˜ืงื˜ื•ืจื” ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ื“ืคื•ืก ื“ื•ืžื”. ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืขื ื”ืžืžืฉืœื” ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช, ื”ื•ื ืขืฉื” ื”ืฉืคืขื” ืžืชืžืฉื›ืช ืขืœ ื”ืืกืชื˜ื™ืงื” ืžืขืฉื” ื™ื“ื™ ืื“ื ืฉืœ ื”ืื™. ื”ื™ืขื“ืจ ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ ืฉืœ ื‘ืชื™ ืžืœื•ืŸ ืœื’ื•ื‘ื”? ื›ืŸ, ื–ื” ื”ื•ื. ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื”ืžืกื—ืจื™ื™ื ื”ืœื‘ื™ื ื• ื‘ืชื™ื ืขื ืขืฆื™ื ื™ืจื•ืงื™ื ืื• ื›ื—ื•ืœื™ื? ื”ืฉืคืขืชื• ืฉืœ ืžื ืจื™ืงื” ืฉื•ื‘.

Manrique ื”ื™ื” ืืžืŸ ืžื•ืขืจืš ื›ืžื• ื’ื ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœ, ื•ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืขื ื”ืจืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื•ืช ืขืœ ืชืงื ื•ืช ื”ื‘ื ื™ื™ื” ื”ื™ื” ืจืง โ€‹โ€‹ืื—ื“ ื”ืืœืžื ื˜ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืฉืœื• Lanzarote. ื”ื•ื ื”ื™ื” ืžืคื•ืจืกื ืคืขื ืื—ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื›ืจื™ื–: "ื‘ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ื›ื™ ื™ืคื” ื‘ืขื•ืœื, ื•ื”ื‘ื ืชื™ ืฉืื ืื ืฉื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื–ื” ื“ืจืš ื”ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื ืฉืœื™, ื”ื ื™ื—ืฉื‘ื• ืื•ืชื•." ื•ื›ืš ื”ื•ื ื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืื•ืกืฃ ืžื“ื”ื™ื ืฉืœ ืคืกืœื™ื ืคืจื•ื™ืงื˜ื™ื ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœื™ื™ื ืฉืœื ืจืง ื ืžื ืขื• ืžืœื”ืฉืชืœื˜ ืขืœ ื”ื ื•ืฃ - ืืœื ื ื™ืฆืœื• ืื•ืชื•, ื”ืชืžื–ื’ื• ื‘ื• ื•ื”ืคื›ื• ืœื—ืœืง ืžืงืกืžื• ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ ื•ืžืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ื ื™ื•.

ืžื ืจื™ืง ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœืจืื•ืช

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืช ืžื ืจื™ืง ื•ืืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ืชื•, ื ืงื•ื“ืช ื”ืชื—ืœื” ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื”ื™ื ืœื‘ืงืจ ืืช ืงืจืŸ César Manrique. ื”ื•ื ื ื‘ื ื” ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืกื“ืจื” ืฉืœ ื‘ื•ืขื•ืช ื’ืขืฉื™ื•ืช ื•ืžื ื”ืจื•ืช ืขืชื™ืงื•ืช, ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ื‘ื™ืชื• ืฉืœ ื”ืืžืŸ ื‘ืžืฉืš ืฉื ื™ ืขืฉื•ืจื™ื, ื”ื•ืคืš ืœื’ืœืจื™ื” ืžืžืฉ ืœืคื ื™ ืžื•ืชื• ื‘ืฉื ืช 1992. ื›ืืŸ ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ื—ื–ื•ืŸ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืœื• ื‘ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” - ืืช ื”ืงื™ืจื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ื“ ืœื‘ืŸ ืจืฆืคื•ืช ืœืกืคืง ื ื™ื’ื•ื“ื™ื•ืช ื™ื•ืฆืืช ื“ื•ืคืŸ ืืœ ื”ื‘ื“ ื”ื•ื•ืœืงื ื™ ื”ืกืœืขื™, ืืš ืฉื•ื ื“ื‘ืจ ืœื ื ื“ื—ืฃ ืื• ื”ืฉืชื ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœืคื ื•ืช ืžืงื•ื ืืœ ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืชืช-ืงืจืงืขื™. ื”ื—ืœืœ ืžืฉืœื‘ ืœืœื ืžืืžืฅ ื™ืฆื™ืจื•ืช ืืžื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืคื™ืงืืกื•, ืกืžืคื”ืจ ื•ื›ืžื•ื‘ืŸ, ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ื ื•ืจื™ืฉื•ืžื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื ืจื™ืง ืขืฆืžื•, ืขื ื—ืœื•ื ื•ืช ืชืžื•ื ื” ืขื ืงื™ื™ื ื”ืžืฆื™ื’ื™ื ืืช ื”ื ื•ืฃ ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™ ืฉื”ื ื™ืข ืืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ืชื•.

ื™ืฆื™ืจืช ื”ืžื•ืคืช ืฉืœ ืžื ืจื™ืงื” ื ื—ืฉื‘ืช ื‘ืžื™ื“ื” ืจื‘ื” ืœื’'ืžื™ื•ืก ื“ืœ ืื’ื•ืื”, ืžืขืจื›ืช ื ื•ืกืคืช ืฉืœ ืžืขืจื•ืช ืชืช-ืงืจืงืขื™ื•ืช ืฉื”ืคืš ืœืื•ืœื ืงื•ื ืฆืจื˜ื™ื. ื”ื—ืœืง ื”ืžืจื›ื–ื™ ื”ื•ื ื”ืื’ื ื”ื›ื—ื•ืœ ื”ืงื•ื‘ืœื˜, ืฉื ื•ืฆืจ ืœืคื ื™ ื›ืžื” ืขืฉื•ืจื™ื ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก โ€‹โ€‹ื”ืื˜ืœื ื˜ื™ ื”ืกืžื•ืš ื–ืจื ืœืชื•ืš ื”ืžืขืจื”. ืœื ืœื”ืชื‘ืœื‘ืœ ืขื ื”ื‘ืจื™ื›ื” ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ืช ื”ืœื‘ื ื” ื ื•ืฆืฆืช - ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ืื”ื•ื‘ ืžืื•ื“ ื”ื•ืกื™ืฃ ืœืžืชื—ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื ืจื™ืง.

ืžื•ืจืฉืช ืžืชืžืฉื›ืช

ื‘ื›ืคืจ ื”ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ ืฉืœ ืขืฅ ื”ืจื™ื” (Haría) ื ืžืฆื ืžืœื•ืŸ ืงืื–ื” ืžื•ืกืื• ืกื–ืจ ืžื ืจื™ืง (Casa Museo César Manrique) - ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉื‘ื• ื—ื™ ื”ืืžื ื™ืช ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื™ื. ื›ืžื• ืžืงื“ืฉ ื›ืžื• ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ, ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื ืฉืžืจ ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ื™ื” ื›ืืฉืจ Manrique ื ื”ืจื’ ื‘ืชืื•ื ืช ื“ืจื›ื™ื, ื™ืฉืจ ืืœ ื”ืกื˜ื•ื“ื™ื• ืขืžื•ืก, ืฉืžืฆื™ืขื•ืช ื‘ื“ ื—ืฆื™ ืžืฉืœื™ื ืœื”ืคืœื™ื.

ื‘ืžืฉืš ื›ืžื” ืขื‘ื•ื“ื•ืช ืกื™ื™ื ืฉืœื•, ื”ืจืืฉ ืืœ Museo Internacional de Arte Comtemporàneo ื‘ Arrecife. ื ืฉื™ืžืช ื—ื™ื™ื ื—ื“ืฉื™ื ืœืžื‘ื ื” ื”ืงืกื˜ื™ืœื• ื“ื” ืกืŸ ื–'ื•ื–ื” ืžื”ืžืื” ื” -18, ืื•ืกืฃ ื”ืืžื ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ ืจื•ืื” ืืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ื•ืชื™ื• ืฉืœ ืžื ืจื™ืง ืžืขื˜ืจ ืืช ื”ืงื™ืจื•ืช ืœืฆื“ ืืœื” ืฉืœ ื‘ื ื™ ื–ืžื ื•, ื›ื•ืœืœ ื’'ื•ืืŸ ืžื™ืจื• ื•ืžื ื•ืœื• ืžื™ืœืืจืก.ื‘ื”ื ื”ื•ืŸ ืžืชืžืฉืš ืœืื”ื‘ืชื• ืฉืœ ืžื ืจื™ืง ืœืคื ื•ืจืžื” ืฉืœ ื”ืื™, ื”ืžืกืขื“ื” ืฉืžืชื—ืช ืœื’ืœืจื™ื” ืžื’ื™ืฉื” ืืจื•ื—ื•ืช ืฆื”ืจื™ื™ื ืžืคื•ืืจื•ืช ืขื ืกื“ืจ ืฆื“ื“ื™ ืฉืœ ื ื•ืคื™ื ื ื”ื“ืจื™ื ืืœ ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก โ€‹โ€‹ื”ืื˜ืœื ื˜ื™.

ืื˜ืจืงืฆื™ื•ืช ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื™ื•ืช ืขืœ Lanzarote ืื™ื ื ื›ื•ืœื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ Manrique, ืื‘ืœ ืืœื” ืฉืื™ื ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืžื—ื•ื•ื” ืœื•. Lanzarote ื›ืœ ื›ืš ืฉืงื•ืข ืขืžื•ืง ื‘ืืžื ื•ืช, ื–ื” ืืคื™ืœื• ืœื ื›ืœ ืžืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ื™ื: ื‘ื”ืžืฉืš ื“ืจื•ืžื”, ืžืชื—ืช ืœืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก, ื˜ืžื•ืŸ ื‘ืคืจื•ื™ืงื˜ ื”ืืžื ื•ืช ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืื™, ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืื˜ืœื ื˜ื™ืงื•. ื”ื™ืฉื™ื‘ื” 12 ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืžืชื—ืช ืœื™ื, ืชืฆื˜ืจืš ื”ื›ืฉืจื” ืฆืœื™ืœื” ืฆืœื™ืœื” ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืฆืœื™ืœื” ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ืœื‘ืงืจ ืืช ืื•ืกืฃ ื–ื” subaquatic ืฉืœ ืคืกืœื™ื. ื”ืืžืŸ ื™ืœื™ื“ ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื ื™ื” ื’'ื™ื™ืกื•ืŸ ื“ื™ืงื™ืจืก ื˜ื™ื™ืœื•ืจ ื”ืชืงื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืืžื ื•ืช ื”ืชืช-ื™ืžื™ืช ื‘ -2016, ื•ื›ืžื• ื™ืฆื™ืจื•ืชื™ื• ื”ืื—ืจื•ืช, ื”ืคืกืœื™ื ืื™ื ื ืจืง ืœืชืฆื•ื’ื”. ื”ืžืœื˜ ื”ื ื™ื™ื˜ืจืœื™ ืฉืœ ื”- pH ืžืฉืžืฉ ืฉื•ื ื™ืช ืžืœืื›ื•ืชื™ืช ื”ืžืžืฉื™ื›ื” ืœื—ื™ื•ืช, ื”ืžื‘ืงืฉืช ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ืžื™ืžื™ ื”ื™ื ืฉืœ Lanzarote, ื•ืžืงื‘ื™ืœื” ื”ืงื‘ืœื” ืื™ืš ืžื ืจื™ืง ื ื™ืกื” ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ื”ืจื™ื, ื”ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช ื•ื”ื—ื•ืฃ.

ืื•ืœื™ ื”ืžืกื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื”ืฉืคืขืชื• ืฉืœ ืžื ืจื™ืง ื”ื™ื ื‘ื“ืขื•ืช ื•ื‘ืžืกื™ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ Lanzaroteños ืขืฆืžื. ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ืžื—ื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืช ืžื ืจื™ืงื” ื‘ื”ืขืจื›ื” ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ - ื™ืฉ ืœื• ืžืขืžื“ ืงืจื•ื‘ ืœืงื“ื•ืฉืชื ืฉืœ ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ ื”ืื™, ืฉืžื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ืืช ื—ื–ื•ื ื• ื•ืืช ืื”ื‘ืชื• ื”ืขืžื•ืงื” ืœืื™ ื›ืžื•ืฉื™ืขื• ืฉืœ ืœื ื–ืืจื•ื˜ ืžืคื’ืขื™ ื”ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื”ืžื•ื ื™ืช. ื”ื ืžื›ื™ืจื™ื ืืช ื”ืื™ ื›ืขื‘ื•ื“ืช ื”ืืžื ื•ืช ื”ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœื• ื•ืžืจืื™ื ืืช ื”ื›ืจืช ื”ืชื•ื“ื” ืฉืœื”ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืžืฉืš ื”ื”ื’ื ื” ื•ืœื”ื’ื“ื™ืœ ื‘ืขื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืืช ื”ื™ื•ืคื™ ื”ืื—ืจ-ืขื•ืœืžื™ ืฉืœื”.

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ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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