ืžืกืข ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืจื”"ื‘ ืœืงื•ื‘ื”: ืžื” ืฉืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื“ืขืช ืขืœ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื™ื•ืช ื”ื—ื“ืฉื” ืฉืœ ื˜ืจืืžืค

ืžืกืข ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืจื”"ื‘ ืœืงื•ื‘ื”: ืžื” ืฉืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื“ืขืช ืขืœ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื™ื•ืช ื”ื—ื“ืฉื” ืฉืœ ื˜ืจืืžืค

ื”ื™ื—ืกื™ื ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืจื”"ื‘ ืœืงื•ื‘ื” ื ืจืื• ืœืขืชื™ื ื ื“ื™ืจื•ืช. ื”ื“ืจืš ืœืฉื™ืคื•ืจ ื”ื™ื ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืžืงืจื” ืฉืœ ืฉื ื™ ืฆืขื“ื™ื ืงื“ื™ืžื”, ืฆืขื“ ืื—ื•ืจื”. ืœืื—ืจ ืžืกืคืจ ืฉื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืชืงืจื‘ื•ืช, ืชืงื ื•ืช ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ื—ื“ืฉื•ืช ืฉื”ื•ื›ืจื–ื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืžืžืฉืœ ื˜ืจืืžืค ื‘ -16 ื‘ื™ื•ื ื™ 2017, ื ืจืื” ืฉื™ืฉ stymied ื—ืœืง ื”ื”ืชืงื“ืžื•ืช. ืื‘ืœ ืžื” ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื”ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ื ื‘ึผึถืึฑืžึถืช ืžืชื›ื•ื•ืŸ ืœื ื•ืกืขื™ื ื‘ืืจื”"ื‘?

ื”ื ื” ื›ืžื” ืฉืืœื•ืช ื•ืชืฉื•ื‘ื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœื ืงื•ืช ืืช ื”ืขืจืคืœ.

ื”ืื ื”ื›ืœืœื™ื ื”ื—ื“ืฉื™ื ืžื—ืœื™ืคื™ื ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืคืชื™ื—ื” ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ืช ืฉืœ ืžืžืฉืœ ืื•ื‘ืžื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉื ื™ื 2014 ืœ -2016?

ืœื. ืื–ืจื—ื™ ืืจื”"ื‘ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ืงืฉื” ืœ"ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื›ืœืœื™ "ืœื ืกื•ืข ืœืงื•ื‘ื” ืื ื”ื ื ื•ืคืœื™ื ืœืื—ื“ ืž -12 ื”ืงื˜ื’ื•ืจื™ื•ืช ื”ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืžืคื•ืจื˜ื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžืฉืจื“ ื”ืคื™ืงื•ื— ืขืœ ื ื›ืกื™ื ื–ืจื™ื (OFAC).

ื™ืชืจ ืขืœ ื›ืŸ, ืื–ืจื—ื™ื ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื ืกื•ืข ืœืงื•ื‘ื” ืขืœ ืกืคื™ื ื•ืช ืฉื™ื•ื˜ ืžื•ืจืฉื•ืช ื•ืžืกืขื•ืช ืื ืฉื™ื ืืœ ืื ืฉื™ื.

ื”ื˜ื™ืกื•ืช ื”ืžืชื•ื›ื ื ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืจื”"ื‘ ื•ืงื•ื‘ื” ื™ืžืฉื™ื›ื• ื’ื ื›ืŸ, ื•ืืจื”"ื‘ ืชืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ืฉื’ืจื™ืจื•ืชื” ื‘ื”ื•ื•ืื ื”, ืฉืชื™ืคืชื— ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืœืื—ืจ 54 ืฉื ื™ื ื‘ -2015.

ืžื”ื• ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื›ืœืœื™?

ืžืžืฉืœืช ืืจื”"ื‘ ืžื ืคื™ืงื” ืฉื ื™ ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉืœ ืจืฉื™ื•ื ื•ืช ืœื ืกื™ืขื” ืœืงื•ื‘ื”: "ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื™ื" ื•"ื›ืœืœื™ื™ื ". ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ื ื•ืช ื›ืœืœื™ื™ื ื”ื ื‘ืขืœื™ ื”ื›ืฉืจื” ืขืฆืžื™ืช: ืขืœ ื”ืคืจื˜ ืœื”ืขืจื™ืš ืื ื”ื•ื ืขื•ืžื“ ื‘ื“ืจื™ืฉื•ืช ื”ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื•ืœืืกื•ืฃ ืืช ื”ืžืกืžื›ื™ื ื”ื“ืจื•ืฉื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื’ื‘ื•ืช ืื•ืชื• (ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ื, ืงื‘ืœื•ืช ื•ื›ื• '). ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉืื™ืŸ ืฆื•ืจืš ื‘ื˜ื•ืคืกื™ ื‘ืงืฉื” ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื™ื ืœืงื‘ืœืช ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื›ืœืœื™, ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ืชืขื•ืคื”, ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ืฉื™ื˜ ื•ืกืคืงื™ ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ืžื•ืจืฉื™ื ืžื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ื ืœื—ืชื•ื ืขืœ "ืชืฆื”ื™ืจ ื ืกื™ืขื”" (ื”ืฆื”ืจื” ื‘ืฉื‘ื•ืขื”), ื”ืงื•ื‘ืขืช ืืช ืจืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœื”ื ื‘ืขืช ื”ื”ื–ืžื ื”. ืืžื ื ืืช ืื•ืคื™ ื”ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœืš ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ื‘ืงื•ื‘ื” ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื ื—ืงืจ ืื• ืคื™ืงื•ื—, ื–ื” ื—ื›ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืขืงื•ื‘ ืื—ืจ ื›ืœ ื”ื ื™ื™ืจืช ืฉืœืš ืœืžืงืจื”.

ืื– ืžื” ื”ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ื ืฉื ืขืฉื• ื‘ืžืžืฉืœืช ื˜ืจืืžืค?

ืžืžืฉืœืช ืืจื”"ื‘ ืžื’ืœื’ืœืช ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ื ืฉื ืขืฉื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžืžืฉืœ ืื•ื‘ืžื” ื‘ืžืจืก 2016, ื›ืืฉืจ ืึดื™ืฉืึดื™ 'ืื ืฉื™ื ืืœ ืื ืฉื™ื' ืื•ืฉืจื•. ื–ื” ื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœืคื™ืฆื•ืฅ ืฉืœ ืื–ืจื—ื™ื ืืžืจื™ืงื ื™ื ืฉื ืกืขื• ืœืงื•ื‘ื” ื‘ืงื˜ื’ื•ืจื™ื” "ื—ื™ื ื•ื›ื™ืช". ื‘ื”ื•ื“ืขืช Trump ื ืืžืจ ื›ื™ "ื ืกื™ืขื” ื—ื™ื ื•ื›ื™ืช ืœื ืืงื“ืžื™ืช" ืชื•ื’ื‘ืœ ืœืื™ืฉื•ืจ ืจืฉืžื™ ืงึฐื‘ื•ึผืฆึธื” ืœึดื ึฐืกื•ึนืขึท. ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ืขืœ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ื”ืžืื•ืจื’ื ื•ืช ื”ืืœื” ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืชื™ืขื•ื“ ืžืœื ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ืจื•ืขื™ื ื”ื—ื™ื ื•ื›ื™ื™ื ื”ื ืžืฉืชืชืคื™ื.

ื”ืืžืฆืขื™ ื’ื ืื•ืกืจ ืขืœ ืขืกืงืื•ืช ืคื™ื ื ืกื™ื•ืช ืขื GAESA, ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ื”ืฆื‘ืื™ ื”ืงื•ื‘ื ื™ ืฉืžื ื”ืœ ืืช ืขื™ืงืจ ืชืขืฉื™ื™ืช ื”ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืช ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื”, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืจื•ื‘ ื‘ืชื™ ื”ืžืœื•ืŸ ื”ืžืžืœื›ืชื™ื™ื, ืกื•ื›ื ื•ื™ื•ืช ืœื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืจื›ื‘, ืžืกืขื“ื•ืช, ืžืจื™ื ื•ืช ื•ืกื™ื•ืจื™ื.

ืžื—ืœืงื” ื—ื“ืฉื” ืฉืœ ืžืฉืจื“ ื”ืื•ืฆืจ ื”ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ ืžืกื‘ื™ืจื” ืืช ื”ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ื ื‘ืžืœื•ืื (www.treasury.gov).

ื”ืื ื”ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ื ื™ื™ื›ื ืกื• ืœืชื•ืงืฃ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžื™ื™ื“ื™?

ืœื. ืื ืืจื’ื ืช ืืช ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืฉืœืš ืœืคื ื™ ื” -16 ื‘ื™ื•ื ื™, 2017, ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื”ืžืฉื™ืš ืขื ืกื™ื“ื•ืจื™ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ืฉืœืš ื›ืžื• ื‘ืขื‘ืจ. ื”ื›ืœืœื™ื ื”ื—ื“ืฉื™ื ื™ื•ืคืขืœื• ืชื•ืš 90 ื™ื•ื, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืงืฆืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืจื•ืจ ื‘ืชื—ื™ืœืช ื”ืกืชื™ื•.

ืžื” ื–ื” ื‘ืขืฆื ืื•ืžืจ ืœื ื•ืกืขื™ื ื‘ืืจื”"ื‘?

ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ืฉื˜ื—, ืืช ื”ืืžืฆืขื™ื ืœื”ื—ืœื™ืง ืœืื—ื•ืจ ืืช ื”ื’ื™ืฉื” ืงืœื” ืฉืœ ืขื™ื“ืŸ ืื•ื‘ืžื”. ื‘ืžื”ืœืš 15 ื”ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื™ื, ืจื‘ื™ื ืžื”ืื–ืจื—ื™ื ื”ืขืฆืžืื™ื™ื ื”ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ื ื ืกืขื• ืœืงื•ื‘ื” ืขืœ ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจื™ื "ื—ื™ื ื•ื›ื™ื™ื" ืžืคื•ืจืฉื™ื ืœืœื ื›ืœ ื”ืฉืœื›ื•ืช. ื–ื” ื›ื‘ืจ ืœื ื™ื”ื™ื” ืืคืฉืจื™.

ื”ื›ืœืœื™ื ื”ื—ื“ืฉื™ื ื’ื ืจืžื– ื›ื™ ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ื ื—ื•ื–ืจื™ื ืžืงื•ื‘ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื‘ื•ืงืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžื›ืš, ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ืงื•ื‘ื” ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื–ื”ื™ืจ ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืืฉืจ ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ืงื˜ื’ื•ืจื™ื” ื”ื ืžื‘ืงืฉื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื‘ืงืคื™ื“ื” ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก ื›ืœ ื”ืขืกืงืื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื ื‘ืงื•ื‘ื”. ื–ื” ื›ื•ืœืœ ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ืจืฉื•ืžื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขืจื•ืช ื ืกื™ืขื” ื•ืงื‘ืœื•ืช ื‘ืžืฉืš ื—ืžืฉ ืฉื ื™ื.

ื”ืื™ืกื•ืจ ืขืœ ืขืกืงืื•ืช ืขื GAESA, ืื•ืกืจ ืœืžืขืฉื” ืขืœ ืืžืจื™ืงื ื™ื ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ื‘ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืžืœื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื”ืžื ื•ื”ืœืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื”, ื”ืžื ื•ื”ืœื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืžื•ืชื’ Gaviota (ื›ื•ืœืœ ื‘ืชื™ ืžืœื•ืŸ ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื™ื ื‘ื”ื•ื•ืื ื”). ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืื™ื“ื™ืืœื™, ื”ืืžืจื™ืงื ื™ื ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœื”ืชืจื—ืง ืžื›ืœ ื”ืขืกืงืื•ืช ืขื ื”ื›ืœื›ืœื” ื”ืžืžืœื›ืชื™ืช ื• ืœืกื˜ื•ืช ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื‘ืžืกืขื“ื•ืช ืคืจื˜ื™ื•ืช, ืžืคืจื˜ (Homestays), ื•ื›ืŸ ื—ื ื•ื™ื•ืช ื•ืฉื•ื•ืงื™ื ืคืจื˜ื™ื™ื.

ืžื” ื”ืžืฉืžืขื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืงื•ื‘ื ื™ืช?

ื”ืฉืคื” ืฉืœ ื”ื”ื•ื“ืขื” ืฆืคื•ื™ื” ืœื–ืจื•ืข ื›ืžื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ืžืช ืฉืœ ื‘ืœื‘ื•ืœ, ืงื™ืจื•ืจ ื’ืœ ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ื‘ืืจื”"ื‘ ืœืงื•ื‘ื” (ืžืขืœ 600,000 ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ื ื‘ื™ืงืจื• ื‘ืฉื ืช 2016, ืขืœื™ื™ื” ืฉืœ 34% ืขืœ 2015). ืขื ื–ืืช, ื ื•ืชืจ ืœืจืื•ืช ืขื“ ื›ืžื” ื”ื—ื•ืงื™ื - ื”ืŸ ื—ื“ืฉื™ื ื•ื”ืŸ ื™ืฉื ื™ื - ื ืื›ืคื™ื, ื•ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืชืคืจืฉ ืžืžืฉืœืช ืืจื”"ื‘ ืืช ื”ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื”ืืคื•ืจื™ื ื”ืจื‘ื™ื.

ืขื ื™ืจื™ื“ื” ื‘ื‘ื™ืงื•ืฉ ื”ืืžืจื™ืงืื™, ื”ืžืžืฉืœื” ื”ืงื•ื‘ื ื™ืช ืขืฉื•ื™ื” ืœื”ื™ืืœืฅ ืœืงืฆืฅ ื‘ืžื—ื™ืจื™ ื”ืžืœื•ื ื•ืช, ืืฉืจ ืขืœื• ืœืจืžื•ืช ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื•ืช. ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ืชืขื•ืคื” ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ื•ืช ื˜ืกื•ืช ืœืงื•ื‘ื”, ื™ื™ืชื›ืŸ ื’ื ื ืืœืฅ ืœื‘ื˜ืœ ื˜ื™ืกื•ืช ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื“ืจื•ืฉ ื™ืจื™ื“ื” ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ืช. ืกื‘ื™ืจ ืœื”ื ื™ื— ื›ื™ ืขืกืงื™ื ืคืจื˜ื™ื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื ื‘ืงื•ื‘ื” ื™ื•ืฉืคืขื• ืœืจืขื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื ืคื™ืœื” ื‘ืœืชื™ ื ืžื ืขืช ื‘ื”ื›ื ืกื•ืช ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืชื™ื•ืช.

ืื™ืš ืืชื” ืžืืจื’ืŸ ื˜ื™ืกื•ืช / ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ืœืงื•ื‘ื” ืžืืจืฆื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจื™ืช?

ื˜ื™ืกื•ืช ืžืกื—ืจื™ื•ืช ืžืชื•ื–ืžื ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืจื”"ื‘ ืœืงื•ื‘ื” ื”ื•ื—ื–ืจื• ื‘ืกืคื˜ืžื‘ืจ 2016 ื›ืืฉืจ JetBlue ื˜ื™ืกื” A320 ืž ืคื•ืจื˜ ืœื•ื“ืจื“ื™ื™ืœ ื ื—ืช ืกื ื˜ื” ืงืœืจื”. ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืœืฉื ืช 2017, ื™ืฉื ื ืœืžืขืœื” ืž -100 ื˜ื™ืกื•ืช ืžืกื—ืจื™ื•ืช ื‘ืฉื‘ื•ืข ื”ืคื•ืขืœื•ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืจื”"ื‘ ืœืงื•ื‘ื”, ืื ื›ื™ ืžืกืคืจื™ื ืืœื” ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืคื—ืช ืคืขื ืื—ืช ืืช ืžื“ื™ื ื™ื•ืช ื”ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ื”ื—ื“ืฉื” ื ื›ื ืก ืœืชื•ืงืฃ.

ื–ื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืืคืฉืจื™ ืœื˜ื•ืก ืœืงื•ื‘ื” ืขืœ ื’ืจืคื™ื ืžืื•ืจื’ืŸ ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืกืคืง ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ืžื•ืจืฉื”.ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื•ืช ื›ื•ืœืœื•ืช ืงื•ื‘ื” ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช (cubatravelservices.com), ABC Charters (abc-charters.com) ื• Marazul (marazul.com).

ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื›ื™ ื‘ื•ื“ื“ื™ื "ืื ืฉื™ื ืืœ ืื ืฉื™ื" ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ื›ื‘ืจ ืœื ืžื•ืชืจ, ืžืื•ืจื’ืŸ ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ืงื‘ื•ืฆืชื™ืช ืฆืคื•ื™ื” ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืืช ื”ื“ืจืš ื”ืขื™ืงืจื™ืช ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ืžื–ื“ืžื ื™ื ื‘ืืจื”"ื‘ ืœื‘ืงืจ ื‘ืงื•ื‘ื”. ืžืกืคืจ ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ืžืœื blown ื—ื‘ื™ืœื•ืช ื ื•ืคืฉ ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื™ื™ื ื”ื›ื•ืœืœื™ื ื˜ื™ืกื•ืช, ืœื™ื ื” ื•ืžื“ืจื™ื›ื™ื. ืกื•ื›ื ื™ื ืžื•ืจืฉื™ื ืœื˜ืคืœ ื”ื ื™ื™ืจืช ื”ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ, ืžืฉืื™ืจื™ื ืืช ื”ืžืฉืชืชืคื™ื ืขื ืคื—ื•ืช ื“ืื’ื•ืช ืžืฉืคื˜ื™ื•ืช. ืชื•ื‘ื ื” ืงื•ื‘ื” (insightcuba.com) ื”ื™ื ืžื‘ื•ืกืกืช ื”ื™ื˜ื‘, ืจืฉื•ื ืื ืฉื™ื ืœืžืคืขื™ืœ.

ื”ืื ื”ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ื‘ืืจื”"ื‘ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื”ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืœื™ื ื” ืขืœ Airbnb?

ื”ื–ืžื ืช ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืืช ื›ืœ ืงื•ื‘ื” ืžืจืืฉ ืขื ืงื•ื‘ื” ืžืจืืฉ ืขื ื›ืจื˜ื™ืก ืืฉืจืื™ ืขืœ Airbnb. ืื™ืŸ ืฉื•ื ื“ื‘ืจ ื‘ืชืงื ื•ืช ื”ื—ื“ืฉื•ืช ืœื”ืฆื™ืข ืฉื–ื” ื™ืฉืชื ื”.

ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ื•ื™ื–ื”?

ื›ืœ ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื”ื–ืจื™ื ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื 'ื›ืจื˜ื™ืก ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืช' ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก ืœืงื•ื‘ื”, ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืžื—ื‘ืจืช ื”ืชืขื•ืคื” ืื• ื”ืกืคื™ื ื” ืฉื™ื•ื˜ ืœืš ืกืคืจ. ื”ืขืœื•ื™ื•ืช ืžืฉืชื ื•ืช ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœื—ื‘ืจื” ืืš ื‘ืžืžื•ืฆืข ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืช 85 ื“ื•ืœืจ ืืจื”"ื‘. ื‘ืขืช ื”ื–ืžื ืช ื”ื˜ื™ืกื”, ื”ืงืคื“ ืœืฉืื•ืœ ืืช ื—ื‘ืจืช ื”ืชืขื•ืคื” ืขืœ ืžื“ื™ื ื™ื•ืช ื›ืจื˜ื™ืก ื”ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื. ืœืคืขืžื™ื ื›ืจื˜ื™ืกื™ื ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืจื›ื•ืฉ ื‘ืฉื“ื” ื”ืชืขื•ืคื” ื”ื™ืฆื™ืื”, ืื• ืฉืื•ืœื™ ื”ื ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื“ื•ืืจ ืœืš. ืื ืืชื” ื˜ืก ืžืงื ื“ื”, ื›ืจื˜ื™ืกื™ ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ื ื™ืชื ื™ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืขืœ ื”ืžื˜ื•ืก.

ื”ืื ืืฉืจืื™ ื‘ืืจื”"ื‘ ื›ืจื˜ื™ืกื™ ื—ื™ื•ื‘ ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ื‘ืงื•ื‘ื”?

ืœืžืจื•ืช ื”ื›ืจื–ื•ืช ืื•ืคื˜ื™ืžื™ื•ืช ื‘ืฉื ืช 2014, ื‘ืงื•ืฉื™ ื›ืœ ื›ืจื˜ื™ืกื™ ื”ืืฉืจืื™ ื‘ืืจื”"ื‘ ืื• ื‘ืืจื”"ื‘ ืžืงื•ืฉืจื™ื ื•ื›ืจื˜ื™ืกื™ ื—ื™ื•ื‘ ืคื•ืขืœื™ื ื‘ืงื•ื‘ื”. ืื ืืชื” ืืžืจื™ืงืื™, ืžืฆืคื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืื•ื“ ืชืœื•ื™ ื‘ืžื–ื•ืžืŸ. ื”ืžื˜ื‘ืข ื”ืงื•ื‘ื ื™, ื”ื™ื“ื•ืข ื‘ืฉื convertibles (CUC $), ื”ื•ื pegged ืœื“ื•ืœืจ ืืจื”"ื‘, ืื‘ืœ ืืชื” ืชืฉืœื ืชืขืจื™ืฃ ืฉืœ 13% ื‘ืขืช ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ ื›ืกืฃ.

ืžื” ืขื ื”ืขืชื™ื“?

ื—ืœืง ื ื™ื›ืจ ืžื”ืจื˜ื•ืจื™ืงื” ืžืฉื ื™ ื”ืฆื“ื“ื™ื ื”ื•ื, ื›ืžื• ืชืžื™ื“, ืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™ ืžืื•ื“. ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœืฆื™ื™ืŸ ื›ื™ ื”ื›ืœืœื™ื ื”ื—ื“ืฉื™ื ืื™ื ื ืžื—ื–ื™ืจื™ื ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืชืงื“ืžื•ืชื• ืฉืœ ืื•ื‘ืžื”. ื”ื“ืœืช ืœืžืฉื ื•ืžืชืŸ ื ื•ืชืจื” ืคืชื•ื—ื” ื—ืœืงื™ืช. ืขื ื–ืืช, ื”ื”ื›ืจื–ื” ื˜ืจืืžืค ื‘ื”ื—ืœื˜ ืœื ืขืฉื” ืืช ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจื” ื›ืœ mellower. ืงืฉื” ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ืืžื‘ืจื’ื• ืžืกืชื™ื™ื ื‘ืงืจื•ื‘.

ืœื“ื™ื•ืŸ ื ื•ืกืฃ ื‘ื ื•ืฉื ื–ื”, ืจืื• ืขืžื•ื“ ืงื•ื‘ื” ืฉืœ Lonely Planet Thorn's Cuba.

ื–ื•ื”ื™ ื’ืจืกื” ืžืขื•ื“ื›ื ืช ืฉืœ ืžืืžืจ ืฉืคื•ืจืกื ื‘ืขื‘ืจ. ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืขื“ื›ื•ื ื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื™ื ืฉื‘ื•ืฆืขื• 26 ื™ื•ื ื™ 2017.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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