ืžื” ืœืืจื•ื–: ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ื“ืจืš ืคื˜ื’ื•ื ื™ื”

ืžื” ืœืืจื•ื–: ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ื“ืจืš ืคื˜ื’ื•ื ื™ื”

ื”ื˜ืจืงื™ื ื”ืคื˜ื’ื•ื ื™ื™ื ื”ื ื›ืœ ื”ื›ื ืช ืœืงืจืืช ื”ืืœืžื ื˜ื™ื. "ื—ืฉื‘ืชื™ ืฉื–ื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ืงื™ืฅ ื›ืืŸ, "ื–ื” ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื™ ืฉื”ื“ื”ื“ ืืช ืฆืจื™ื—ื™ ื”ื’ืจื ื™ื˜ ื”ืžืœื›ื•ืชื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื˜ื•ืจืก ื“ืœ ืคื™ื™ืŸ ื›ื‘ืจ ืขืฉืจื•ืช ืฉื ื™ื.

ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื”ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื ื“ืฆืžื‘ืจ ืขื“ ืคื‘ืจื•ืืจ ื ื—ืฉื‘ื™ื ืงื™ืฅ ืื•ืกื˜ืจืœื™, ืœื•ืงื— ืืช ื”ืขื•ื‘ื“ื” ื”ื–ืืช ืคืฉื•ื˜ื• ื›ืžืฉืžืขื• ื”ื™ื ืื™ื•ื•ืœืช. ืืชื” ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ื”ืขื•ืœื - ืจื•ื—ื•ืช ื—ื–ืงื•ืช ื•ืฉืงื™ืขื” ืฆื“ื“ื™ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืงืจื•ืช ื‘ื›ืœ ืขืช ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื ื”. ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืคื™ืง ืืช ื”ืžืจื‘ ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืฉืœืš ื‘ื™ืŸ ื ื•ืคื™ื ืืœื” ืฉืื™ืŸ ื›ืžื•ื”ื, ื›ื“ืื™ ืœืืจื•ื– ื ื›ื•ืŸ.

ื—ืžื™ื ื•ื ืขื™ื

ืžื–ื’ ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ืฉืœ ืคื˜ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ืžื•ืฉืคืข ื”ืŸ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื” ื•ื”ืŸ ืฉื“ื” ื”ืงืจื— ื”ืคื˜ื’ื•ื ื™ ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ - ื”ืžืกื” ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ื•ื”ืงืจื—ื•ื ื™ืช ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืขืžืง ื”ืžื•ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืงืœื™ืคื•ืจื ื™ื”. ื”ื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ื•ืช ืขื ื”ืฉืคืขื” ื–ื• ืชืฉื™ื ืœื‘ ืœืคืจื˜ื™ื. ื–ื” ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ืงื˜ื ื™ื. ื”ื”ืฉืงืขื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื™ื ื—ืœืงื” ื’ืจื‘ื™ื™ื ืฆืžืจ ื›ืžื• ืืœื” ืฉืœ Darn ืงืฉื” (darntough.com) ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื—ื ื•ื ื•ื—. ืจื’ืœื™ื™ื ืžืื•ืฉืจื•ืช ืื•ืžืจ ื”ืœื™ื›ื” ืœืœื ื”ืคืกืงื”: ื”ื”ื‘ื“ืœ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืคืืจ ื›ื™ ืืชื” ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืฉื™ื ืžื—ื™ืจ ืขืœ. ื›ืžื” ื–ื•ื’ื•ืช ื ื•ืกืคื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืชื ื” ืžืฉืžื™ื ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœ ืœืœื ื”ืคืกืงื” ืœืœื ื™ื•ื ื—ื•ืคืฉื” ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืกื”.

ื”ื™ืžื ืข ืงืฆืจื™ื - ื™ืฉ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืžื‘ืจืฉืช ืงื•ืฆื ื™ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ืจื’ืœื™ื™ื ื’ื ื›ืืฉืจ ืžืฉื‘ื™ ืจื•ื— ืงืจื™ื ืœื ืžืฆืœื™ืฃ. ืชื‘ื™ื ืชืจืžื™ืงื•ืช ื”ืขืœื™ื•ืŸ ื•ื”ืชื—ืชื•ืŸ, ื›ืคืคื•ืช ืื•ืจ ื•ื›ื•ื‘ืข, ืฉื›ื‘ืช ื‘ื™ื“ื•ื“ ื›ืžื• ื’ื™ื–ื”, ืฆื™ื•ื“ ื’ืฉื ืžืขื™ืœ ืœืžื˜ื” ืœื™ืœื•ืช ืžื’ื ื™ื‘.

ื•ื–ื›ื•ืจ, ืืงืœื™ื ืคืจื™ืš ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื•ื•ืช ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื ืฉืœืš ื•ืืช ื”ืขื•ืจ. ืžืฉืงืคื™ ืฉืžืฉ ืขื ืจืฆื•ืขื”, ืงืจื ื”ื’ื ื” ืขืžื™ื“ ื‘ืžื™ื, SPF ื•ืฆืœ ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื™ื’ืŸ ืขืœื™ืš ืžืคื ื™ ื—ืฉื™ืคืช ื™ืชืจ - ืขื ื™ื™ืŸ ืžื›ืจื™ืข ื›ืžื• ื—ื•ืจ ื‘ืฉื›ื‘ืช ื”ืื•ื–ื•ืŸ ื ืข ืžืขืœ ืคื˜ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื” ืžืฉืื™ืจ ืœืš ืคื’ื™ืข ื™ื•ืชืจ.

ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื”ืจื’ืœื™ื™ื ืฉืœืš

ื‘ื˜ื—, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื’ืœ ืœื˜ื™ื™ืœ ืžืืžื ื™ื ื›ืžื” ื™ืžื™ื, ืื‘ืœ ื™ืฆื™ื‘, ืฉื‘ื•ืจ ื‘ืžื’ืคื™ื™ื ืขืžื™ื“ ืœืžื™ื ื™ืขืฉื” ืœืš ืžื•ืฆืง ื‘ืžืขื‘ืจื™ ื ื—ืœ ืจื“ื•ื“ื™ื, ืžืขื‘ืจื™ ืฉืœื’, ืฉืœื•ืœื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืขื™ืจ. ืื ื›ื‘ืจ ืžื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืขืœ ื–ืจืžื™ื, ืื ืืชื” ืžื‘ื™ื ืกื ื“ืœื™ื, ืœื•ื•ื“ื ื”ืกื•ืœื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื ื ื•ืงืฉื” ืžืกืคื™ืง ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื˜ืจื™ื“ ืื‘ื ื™ื ืขืœ ื”ื ื”ืจ. ื’ื•ืจ- Tex gaiters ืœื‘ื•ื ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉื™ ื’ื ื›ืืŸ - ืœื ืจืง ืฉื”ื ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืจื’ืœื™ื™ื ื™ื‘ืฉ, ื”ื ื’ื ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื‘ื•ืฅ ืืช ื”ืžื›ื ืกื™ื™ื ื•ืœืžื ื•ืข ืžืžืš ืฆื•ืจืš relace ื”ืžื’ืคื™ื™ื ืฉืœืš ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื™ื•ื. ืฉื•ื˜ืคื™ื ืื•ืชื ื‘ื ื—ืœ ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ื”ื™ื•ื ืขืœ ื”ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื•ื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืชื™ื™ื‘ืฉ ื‘ืŸ ืœื™ืœื”.

ื—ืชื™ื›ื” ืื—ืช ืื—ืจื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ืฆื™ื•ื“ ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื”ืฆื•ืจืš: ื˜ืจืงื™ื ืžื•ื˜ื•ืช. ืกื•ื’ ืžืชืงืคืœ ืžืชืื™ื ื‘ืงืœื•ืช ืœืชื•ืš ื”ืžื˜ืขืŸ. ืœื ืจืง ืฉื”ื ืžืฆื™ืœื™ื ืืช ื”ื‘ืจื›ื™ื™ื ืžืŸ ื”ื“ืคื™ืงื•ืช ื‘ืžื“ืจื•ืŸ, ื”ื ืžืกืคืงื™ื ื™ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ืžืขื‘ืจื™ ื”ื ื”ืจ ื•ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืœืš ืžืงื•ืจืงืข ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืจื•ื— ื”ืคื˜ื’ื•ื ื™ ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกื ื ื•ืฉื‘ืช.

ื ืขืœื” ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืฉืœ ืฆืจื™ืฃ ืืœ ืฆืจื™ืฃ

ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื—ืœืง ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืœ ืคื˜ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ื”ื™ื ื™ืฉืจ ื‘ืžื“ื‘ืจ, ื™ืฉื ื ื›ืžื” ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ ื”ืœื™ื›ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืฆืจื™ืฃ ืืœ ื”ืฆืจื™ืฃ. ื‘ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœ ื˜ื•ืจืก ื“ืœ ืคื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ืคืืจืง ื”ืฆ'ื›ื™ ื•ื‘ืคืืจืง ื ื ืกื™ืืœ ื•ืืคื™ ื‘ืืจื’ื ื˜ื™ื ื” ื™ืฉ ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ืงืœืืกื™ื™ื ื”ืžื ื•ืงื“ื™ื ื‘ืฉื™ื ื” ื™ื‘ืฉื”. ื–ื” ืื•ืžืจ ื’ื™ืœื•ื— ืงื™ืœื•ื’ืจืžื™ื ืžื”ื’ื‘. ืื™ืŸ ืื•ื”ืœ, ื•ื‘ Torres del Paine, ืื™ืŸ ืฉืง ืฉื™ื ื” ืื•, ื›ืžื• ื’ื Fantastico Sur (fantasticosur.com) ื• Vertices (verticepatagonia.com) ื‘ืงืชื•ืช ื‘ Torres del Paine ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ืืช ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ื’ื™ืœื™ื•ื ื•ืช ื•ืฉืžื™ื›ื•ืช. ื”ืื ืœื‘ืฆืข ื”ื–ืžื ื•ืช ืžืจืืฉ.

ืขืœ ื’ื‘ื™ ืฆื™ื•ื“ ื˜ืจืงื™ื ืฉืœืš, ืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื”ืฉืงื™ืข ื—ื‘ื™ืœืช ื™ื•ื ื˜ื•ื‘ ื›ืžื• ื˜ืืœื•ืŸ ืื•ืกืคืจื™ (ospreypacks.com). ื•ื“ื ืฉื™ืฉ ืœืš ืžืกืคื™ืง ืžืงื•ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช โ€‹โ€‹ื”ืฉืชืŸ, ืฉื›ื‘ื•ืช ื ื•ืกืคื•ืช, ืขืจื›ืช ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช โ€‹โ€‹ื•ืžื–ื•ืŸ. ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ื—ื‘ื™ืœื”? ื“ืœื’ ืขืœ ื–ื”. ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ื™ื ืฉื”ืจื•ื— ืชื—ื˜ื•ืฃ ืื•ืชื•. ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื–ืืช, ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืชื•ื›ืŸ ื‘ืฉืงื™ื•ืช ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ื‘ืžืงืจื” ืฉืœ ื’ืฉื. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื’ื ืœื‘ืจื•ื— ืขื ื—ื‘ื™ืœืช ื™ื•ื, ื›ืืฉืจ ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ื‘ Fitzroy ืฉืœ ืืจื’ื ื˜ื™ื ื” ื˜ื•ื•ื—, ืฉื›ืŸ ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื ืงื™ืฉื•ืจ ืœืขื™ืจ ืืœ Chalten. ืžื˜ืขื ื™ื ืกื•ืœืืจื™ื™ื ื™ื—ื™ื“ื•ืช ื™ื—ื™ื“ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืืช ื”ื˜ืœืคื•ืŸ ื•ืืช ื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ื”ื•ืœืš, ืื ื›ื™ ืกื•ืœืœืช ืžืฆืœืžื” ื ื•ืกืคืช ืžื•ืกื™ืฃ ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื”ืคื ืกื™ื ื”ืงื“ืžื™ื™ื ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉื™ื™ื ื‘ื˜ื‘ืข, ื‘ืื•ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืกื™ื ื‘ืœื™ืœื” ื•ื‘ื‘ืชื™ ืžืœื•ืŸ ืœืœื ืžื ื•ืจื•ืช ืœื™ืœื”.

ืงืžืคื™ื ื’

ืชืจืžื™ืœืื™ื ื“ื•ืจืฉ ืœืžืฆื•ื ืืช ื”ืื™ื–ื•ืŸ ืขื“ื™ืŸ: ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ืžืกืคื™ืง ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื ื•ื— ืื‘ืœ ืœื ืžืกืคื™ืง ื›ื“ื™ ืœื’ืจื•ืจ ืื•ืชืš ืœืžื˜ื”. ื™ืฉ ื“ืจืš ืื—ืช ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื–ืืช: ื”ื™ืฆืžื“ ืœืจืฉื™ืžืช ืฆื™ื•ื“ ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช. ืกื“ืจ ืขื“ื™ืคื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื‘ื™ืœืช ื ื•ื—, ืžืฆื•ื™ื“ ื”ื™ื˜ื‘. ื ืกื” ืืช ื–ื” ืขื ื›ืœ ื”ืชื•ื›ืŸ ื•ืœื”ื—ืœื™ื˜ ืžื” ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืœื™. ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื–ื” ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ ื ื•ืกืฃ ืฉืœ ื‘ื’ื“ื™ื. ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื›ืœืœื™, ื–ื” ืžื•ืขื™ืœ ื™ืฉ ืงื‘ื•ืฆื” ืฉืœ ื‘ื’ื“ื™ื ื”ืžื—ื ื” ืกื˜ ืฉืœ ื‘ื’ื“ื™ื ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื - ื–ื” ื ื—ืžื“ ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก ืœืžืฉื”ื• ื™ื‘ืฉ ื•ื ืงื™ ื™ื—ืกื™ืช ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ื”ื™ื•ื. ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ื ืกื” ืœืืจื•ื– ืฉื‘ื•ืข ืžืจืืฉ. ืงื— ืืช ื—ื‘ื™ืœืช ื˜ืขื•ืŸ ืขืœ ื˜ื™ื•ืœ. ื‘ืฉืœื‘ ื–ื”, ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืื ืฉื™ื ืขื•ื“ ืœืขืจื•ืš ืืช ื”ื‘ื—ื™ืจื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื. ืœื”ืฉืงื™ืข ื–ื•ืœ, ืงืœ ืžืฉืงืœ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ืชืจืžื™ืœ ืขืœ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ืื•ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืกื™ื ื•ืœืžื ื•ืข ื—ื’ื•ืจื•ืช ืžื–ื•ื•ื“ื•ืช ืž ืœืœืขื•ืก ืืช ื”ืจืฆื•ืขื•ืช.

ื”ื’ื‘ืœื•ืช ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืœืคื ื™ ื”ื˜ื™ืกื” ืฉืœืš

ื‘ืฆ 'ื™ืœื”, ื”ืŸ ืคื•ื ื˜ื” Arenas ื•ืคื•ืจื˜ื• ื ื˜ืœืก ื™ืฉ ืœืืกื•ืจ ืฉืงื™ื•ืช ื ื™ื™ืœื•ืŸ. ืชื‘ื™ื ื›ืžื” ืฉืงื™ื•ืช ื‘ื“ ืงื˜ืŸ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ื‘ืฉื•ืง, ื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืฉืžืฉ ื’ื ืœืžื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื™ืœื•ืš. ื›ื "ืœ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื‘ืงื‘ื•ืงื™ ืžื™ื ื•ืชืจืžื•ืกื™ื ืงืคื” - ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ืžื”ื‘ื™ืช ื•ืืชื” ืชื™ืฉื ืคื—ื•ืช ืืฉืžื”.

ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ืื™ื ื ืžื•ืชืจื™ื ื‘ืชื ื”ืžื˜ื•ืก. ืกื›ื™ืŸ ื›ื™ืก ืขื ื›ืœื™ื ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืจื‘ ื”ื™ื ื”ื”ื’ื ื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœืš ื ื’ื“ ื—ืชื™ื›ืช ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ืื• ืจืกื™ืกื™ื ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ืฉื™ื™ืš ืžื–ื•ื•ื“ื•ืช ื ื‘ื“ืง. ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ื›ืžื” ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ืชืขื•ืคื” ืœื ื™ืืคืฉืจ ืœืš ืœื ืกื•ืข ืขื ืชื ื•ืจื™ ืžื—ื ืื•ืช, ืื– ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืงืฆืช ืžื—ืงืจ ืœืคื ื™ ืจื›ื™ืฉืช ื”ื›ืจื˜ื™ืก ืฉืœืš. ืฉื ื™ื”ื ืชื ื•ืจ ืงืžืคื™ื ื’ ื“ืœืง ื• ืžืฆื™ืชื™ื ื”ื no-nos - ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืื•ืชื ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ืžื’ื™ืข ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื ืื–ื•ืจื™ื™ื ื›ืžื• ืคื•ื ื˜ื” Arenas, ืืœ Chalten ืื• Bariloche.

ื‘ื’ืœืœ ื”ืžื›ืก, ื—ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ื’ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืขื™ื” ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ื˜ืก.ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื™ืฉ ื”ื’ื‘ืœื•ืช ืžื—ืžื™ืจื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื‘ื•ื ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ืชืขืฉื™ื™ืช ื”ื—ืงืœืื•ืช ื”ื—ื–ืงื” ืฉืœื”. ื”ื ืื•ืกืจื™ื ืขืœ ืคื™ืจื•ืช ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื™ื, ืžื•ืฆืจื™ ื—ืœื‘ ื•ื‘ืฉืจ, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ืื™ืŸ ืื’ื•ื–ื™ื, ืคื™ืจื•ืช ืžื˜ื•ืจืคื™ื ืื• ื™ื‘ืฉื™ื. ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืคืจื™ื˜ื™ื ื”ืืœื” ื ื™ืชืŸ ื”ืจื™ื ื‘ืืจืฅ ื‘ื—ื ื•ื™ื•ืช ืžื›ื•ืœืช ื‘ืขืจื™ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช. ืขื™ื™ืจื•ืช ืงื˜ื ื•ืช ืžืฆื™ืขื•ืช ืžื‘ื—ืจ ืžืฆื•ืžืฆื ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื˜ื•ืกื˜ื“ื•ืจื™ืืก ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ืืกืคืงื” โ€‹โ€‹ื‘ื›ืžื•ืช ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืคื™ืจื•ืช ื™ื‘ืฉื™ื ื•ืื’ื•ื–ื™ื. ื‘ืืจื™ื ืื ืจื’ื™ื”, ื›ืจื˜ื™ืกื™ื•ืช rehydration ืื• ื’'ืœื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืงืฉื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืžืฆื•ื, ืื– ืื ืืชื” ืขื•ืฉื” ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ืืกืคืงื” โ€‹โ€‹ืžืฉืœืš, ื”ืงืคื“ ืœื”ืฆื”ื™ืจ ืขืœ ื›ืœ ื”ืžื›ืก ืฉืœืš ื˜ืคืกื™ื.

ืžืคื•ืช ื•ื›ืœื™ ื ื™ื•ื•ื˜

ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ืขืœ ืžืงื‘ืœ ืขืœ ื”ื“ืจืš ืฉืœืš. ืื ืืชื” ืžืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืืคืœื™ืงืฆื™ื™ืช GPS, ื•ื“ื ืฉื”ื™ื ืชื•ืจื™ื“ ื•ืชืื—ืกืŸ ืžืคื•ืช. ืืœ ืชืฆืคื• ืœืกืžื•ืš ืขืœ ื”ื˜ืœืคื•ืŸ ืฉืœื›ื ื‘ืžืงืจื” ื—ื™ืจื•ื. ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ืกืœื•ืœืจื™ ืœื ืขื•ื‘ื“ ื‘ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืคื˜ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ื”ื›ืคืจื™ืช. ื–ื” ืœื ื›ื•ืื‘ ืœืืกื•ืฃ ืžืคื•ืช ื˜ื•ืคื• ื‘ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ื‘ืขืจื™ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช ืœื™ื“ ื”ื™ืขื“ื™ื ืฉืœืš.

ื”ืžื™ืœื” ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื” - ืกืจื˜ ื“ื‘ื™ืง

ืืคื™ืœื• ืืช ื”ืฆื™ื•ื“ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื•ื ืœื ืžืชืื™ื ื”ื›ื ื” ื•ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื™ื—ืก. ื–ื” ืงืœื˜ืช ื“ื‘ื™ืง. ื’ืœื’ืœ ืื•ืชื• ืขืœ ืžื•ื˜ ื”ื˜ืจืงื™ื ืฉืœืš ื•ื—ืฆื™ ื”ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืฉืœืš ื›ื‘ืจ ื ืคืชืจื”.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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