ืกืŸ ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื• ืฉืœ ืงื™ืฅ ืฉืœ ืื”ื‘ื” revisited

ืกืŸ ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื• ืฉืœ ืงื™ืฅ ืฉืœ ืื”ื‘ื” revisited

ื–ื” 50 ืฉื ื” ืžืื– ืฉืœื•ื, ืื”ื‘ื” ืคืกื™ื›ื“ืœื™ื” ืคืจืฅ ืžืชื•ืš ื”ืžื—ืชืจืช ืกืŸ ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื• ืœืชื•ืš ื”ืžื™ื™ื ืกื˜ืจื™ื, ืžื‘ืฉืจ ืงื™ืฅ 1967 ืฉืœ ืื”ื‘ื”.

ืื– ืคื•ืค The Grateful Dead ืขืœ ื”ืื•ื–ื ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœืš, ืžืงืœ ืขืœ ื”ื—ื•ืœืฆื” ื”ื›ื™ ื™ืคื” ืฉืœืš ืคืจื— ื•ืœื‘ืฆืข ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืืœื” ื—ื•ื‘ื” ืœืจืื•ืช ื”ืžืจืื•ืช ื‘ืœื‘ ืคืขื ืื—ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืคื™ื.

ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื‘ื™ื˜

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื™ืš ื”ื™ืคื™ื ื”ืฉืชืœื˜ื• ืขืœ ืกืŸ ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื•, ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื—ื–ื•ืจ ืืœ 1950s ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืชื•ืคืขื” ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื™ืช ืงืœื™ืคื•ืจื ื™ ืื—ืจื™ื, ืืช Beats. ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ "ื‘ื™ื˜" ื‘ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™ ื”ื•ื ื‘ื™ืชื ืฉืœ ืžืื•ืช ื—ืคืฆื™ื ืžืงื•ืจื™ื™ื, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืžื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ื•ืชืฆืœื•ืžื™ื ืžืžืกืขื•ืชื™ื• ื”ื—ืœื•ืฆื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื’'ืง ืงืจื•ืืง ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ืืžืจื™ืงื”, ื‘ื“ืจืš, ื”ืฉืคืขื” ืขืฆื•ืžื” ืขืœ ื‘ื ื™ ื ื•ืขืจ ืืฉืจ ื”ื™ื” ื”ื—ืœื•ืฅ ืฉืœ ืชื ื•ืขืช ื”ื™ืคื™ื ื•ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื—ื•ื“ ื”ื—ื ื™ืช ืฉืœ ืงื™ืฅ ื”ืื”ื‘ื”.

ื”ื•ื ื’ื ื‘ื•ื—ืŸ ืืช ื”ืฉืคืขืชื• ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฉื•ืจืจ ืืœืŸ ื’ื™ื ืกื‘ืจื’, ืฉื—ื™ื‘ืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื™ืžื•ืจื™ื ื•ื”ื™ืคื™ื ื“ืจืš ืขื‘ื•ื“ืชื• ื•ืืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื–ื. ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืฉื•ืžืจ ืขืœ ืจื•ื— ืฆื•ื ื ืช ืžืื•ื“ ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœืฉื ืช 1967, ืขื ื”ื™ืคื™ื ื–ืงื ื™ื ืžื•ื›ืจื™ื ื›ืจื˜ื™ืกื™ื ื•ืžืฉืชืคื™ื ืกื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืขืœ ื”ื™ืžื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื.

ืื•ืจื•ืช ื”ืขื™ืจ

ืื•ืจื•ืช ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ื™ื• ื•ืขืชื” ื”ื ื˜ื•ื˜ื ืฉืœ ื”ืชื ื•ืขื” ื”ืื ื˜ื™-ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื™ืช ืฉืœ ืกืŸ ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื•. ื ื•ืกื“ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ Beat ื”ืžืฉื•ืจืจ ืœื•ืจื ืก Ferlinghetti, ื‘ื—ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืฉืžืืœื™ ืฉืœื” ื•ืืช ื”ืงืจื™ืื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื—ื‘ืจื™ื ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ืขืฉื” ืืช ื–ื” ื‘ืœื‘ ืื™ื ื˜ืœืงื˜ื•ืืœื™ ืฉืœ ืงื™ืฅ ืฉืœ ืื”ื‘ื”. ืžื™ืงื•ื ื”ืจื—ื•ื‘ ื‘ืคื™ื ื” ืขืœ ืงื•ืœื•ืžื‘ื•ืก ืื•ื•ื ื™ื•, ื‘ืžืจื—ืง ืฉืœ ืื‘ืŸ ืžืŸ ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื‘ื™ื˜, ืื™ ืืคืฉืจ ืœืคืกืคืก.

ืชื™ื›ื ืกื• ื•ืชืžืฆืื• ืžื“ืคื™ื ืขืžื•ืกื™ื ื‘ื›ืœ ื“ื‘ืจ, ื”ื—ืœ ื‘ืžืกืžื›ื™ื ืกื•ืจื™ืืœื™ืกื˜ื™ื™ื ืœืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™ืงื” ื™ืจื•ืงื”, ื”ืฉืชืงืคื•ืช ืืžื™ืชื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืฆื“ ื”ืืงื“ืžื™ ืฉืœ ื”ื—ืœื•ื ื”ื”ื™ืคื™. ื•ืื ื›ืœ ื–ื” ื ืจืื” ืงืฆืช ื›ื‘ื“ ืžื“ื™, ืืชื” ืชืžื™ื“ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื“ืคื“ืฃ ื‘ืกืขื™ืฃ ื”ื‘ื“ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื”ืจื™ื ืฉืงื™ืช ืœืžื•ืชื’ ื‘ืžืงื•ื.

ื”ื™ื™ื˜ ื•ืืฉื‘ื•ืจื™

ื”ืฆื•ืžืช ื‘ื”ื™ื™ื˜ ื•ื‘ืืฉื‘ื•ืจื™ ื”ื™ืชื” ืžื•ืงื“ ื”ืชื ื•ืขื” ื”ื”ื™ืคื™ืช ืฉื”ืชื—ื™ืœื” ื‘ืกืŸ ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื• ื‘ -1964 ื•ื”ื’ื™ืขื” ืœืฉื™ืื” ื‘ -1967. ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ื™ื” ื™ื“ื•ืข ื›"ื”ื™ื™ื™ื˜ ", ื”ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ื™ื” ื‘ื™ืชื ืฉืœ ื›ืžื” ืžื”ืฉืžื•ืช ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืกืฆื ื”, ื”ื—ืœ ืžื˜ื•ืก ื’'ืคืจืกื•ืŸ ื•ืขื“ ื’'ืื ื™ืก ื’'ื•ืคืœื™ืŸ , ื›ืžื• ื’ื ืืช ื”ื—ื ื•ืช 'ื”ืจืืฉ' ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื”, ืขื•ื–ืจืช ืœืžืกืคืจ ื”ืจื•ืขื ืฉืœ ื‘ื ื™ ื”ื ื•ืขืจ ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื 'ืœื”ื“ืœื™ืง, ืœื›ื•ื•ื ืŸ ื•ืœื”ื™ื ืฆืœ'.

ื”ื™ื•ื, ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื”ื’ื™ื— ืžืฉื ื™ื ื›ืžื• ืžื—ื•ื– ืžื–ื•ื”ื, Haight ื ืกื—ืจืช ืขืœ ื”ืขื‘ืจ ื”ื™ืคื™ ืฉืœื” ืขื ื—ื ื•ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื’ื“ื™ื ื•ื™ื ื˜ืื’ ', ื‘ืจื™ื ื›ืชืžื™ื ื‘ืจืื ืฅ'. ืื•ื”ื“ื™ ืžื•ืกื™ืงื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืจืืฉ 710 ืืฉื‘ื•ืจื™ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืจืื•ืช ืื™ืคื” Grateful ื”ืžืœื— ื—ื™ ื‘ืฉื™ื ื”ืชื”ื™ืœื” ืฉืœื”ื ืœืคื ื™ ื˜ื™ื™ืœ ืœืžื˜ื” Haight ืœื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉืขืจ ื”ื–ื”ื‘ ืคืืจืง ืœืืกื•ืฃ ืจืฉื•ืžื•ืช ื”ืงืœืืกื™ ืžืŸ ื”ืชืงื•ืคื” ื‘ Ameoba ืžื•ืกื™ืงื” ืžืขืจื”.

ื’ื•ืœื“ืŸ ื’ื™ื™ื˜ ืคืืจืง

ืคืืจืง ื’ื•ืœื“ืŸ ื’ื™ื™ื˜ ื”ืขื ืงื™ ื‘ืกืŸ ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื• ื”ื™ื” ืžืงื•ื ื”ื”ืžืจืื” ืฉืœ ื”ื”ืžื•ื ื™ื ื”ื ืขืจืžื™ื ืœืชื•ืš ื”ืขื™ืจ ื‘ -1967. ื”ืฉื“ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืคื•ืœื• ืคื™ืœื“ืก ื”ื™ื• ื”ืืชืจ ืฉืœ "ื”ืื“ื ื”ืื ื•ืฉื™" ื‘ื™ื ื•ืืจ 1967, ื›ืืฉืจ ื› -30,000 ืฆืขื™ืจื™ื ื”ืชืืกืคื• ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื—ืœื•ืฅ ื”ื”ื™ืคื™ื ื˜ื™ืžื•ืชื™ ืœื™ืจื™ ืงื•ืจื ืœื”ื "ืœืขื–ื•ื‘", ื•ื”ืื— ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื•ื—ื‘ืจืช ื”ืื—ื–ืงื•ืช ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ืืช ื”ืžื•ืชื’ ืฉืœื”ื ืจื•ืง ืคืกื™ื›ื“ืœื™. ื”ื™ื•ื ื–ื” ื ืจืื” ื›ืื™ืจื•ืข ืžื’ื“ื™ืจ ื ื’ื“ ืชืจื‘ื•ืช, ืืฉืจ ื‘ืขื˜ ืืช ื”ืงื™ืฅ ืฉืœ ืื”ื‘ื”.

ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื ื ื•ื’ืขื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื›ืฉื™ื•, ืขื ืจืฆื™ื, ื”ืœื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื ื•ืจื•ื›ื‘ื™ ื”ืื•ืคื ื™ื™ื ืขื•ืœื” ืขืœ ื”ื”ื™ืคื™ื. ืœื˜ื™ื™ืœ ื›ืืŸ ื‘ื™ื•ื ืฉื˜ื•ืฃ ืฉืžืฉ ืขื ืงืฆืช ื•ื™ื ื˜ืื’ 'ืคืกื™ื›ื• ืขืœ ื”- iPod ืฉืœืš, ืื ื›ื™, ื•ืืชื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ืจื˜ื˜.

ืื•ื“ื™ื˜ื•ืจื™ื•ื ืคื™ืœืžื•ืจ

ื”ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ื ื”ืžื›ื•ื•ืฆื™ื ืฉืœ 1967 ืžื’ื“ื™ืจื™ื ืืช ืงื™ืฅ ื”ืื”ื‘ื” ืขื“ ืขืฆื ื”ื™ื•ื ื”ื–ื”. ื•ืœื ื”ื™ื” ืžืงื•ื ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœืกืฆื ื” ื”ืžืชืคืชื—ืช ื”ื–ืืช ื›ืžื• ื‘ืื•ืœื ืคื™ืœืžื•ืจ. ืžื•ืงื“ ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืงื” ืฉืœ ืกืŸ ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื•, ื”ืœื”ืงื•ืช ื”ื›ื™ ื—ืžื•ืช ื‘ืขื•ืœื, ืกื™ื™ืขื• ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืืช ืคื™ืœืžื•ืจ ืœืื•ื“ื™ื˜ื•ืจื™ื•ื ื”ื›ื™ ืžื’ื ื™ื‘ ื‘ืขื•ืœื. ืœื ืขืฉื™ืช ืืช ื–ื” ืขื“ ืฉืขืœื™ืช ืขืœ ื”ื‘ืžื”. ื’ 'ื™ืžื™ ื”ื ื“ืจื™ืงืก, The Byrds, ืืช ื”ื“ืœืชื•ืช ื•ืืช ืคื™ื ืง ืคืœื•ื™ื“ ื›ืœ ื”ืชื ื“ื ื“ ื”ื—ื•ืฆื” ื‘ืื•ืชื• ืงื™ืฅ ืžืฉืขืžื.

ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื ืคืœื” ื‘ืฉื ื•ืช ื” -80 ืฉืœ ื”ืžืื” ื” -19, ืคื™ืœืžื•ืจ, ืฉื ืžืฆื ื‘ืžื—ื•ื– ืฉืœ ืื•ืชื• ืฉื, ื”ื•ื ืฉื•ื‘ ืื—ื“ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื™ืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืจืื•ืช ืžื•ืกื™ืงื” ื—ื™ื”. ื‘ื“ื•ืง ืืช ืืชืจ ื”ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ ื”ืจืฉืžื™ ืฉืœื”ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืจืื•ืช ืžื” ืœื”ืงื•ืช ื”ื ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ื•ืœืื‘ื“ ืืช ืขืฆืžืš ืืช ื”ืžื ื’ื™ื ื•ืช.

ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื›ืžื• Pranksters ืฉืžื— ืขืœ ืกื™ื•ืจ ื‘ืื•ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืก ื”ื™ืคื™

ื”ืงื™ืฅ ืฉืœ ื”ืื”ื‘ื” ืื•ืœื™ ืœื ื”ื™ื” ืงื•ืจื”, ืืœืžืœื ื”ืกื•ืคืจ ืงืŸ ืงืกื™ ื•ื”ื‘ืจื™ื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœื•, ืœื”ืงื” ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืคื™ื ืžื•ืงื“ืžื™ื ืฉืจื›ื‘ื• ืขืœ ืื•ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืก ืฆื‘ื•ืข ื‘ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™ื•ืช ืžืกืŸ ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื• ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ืืจืฆื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจื™ืช.

ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉืื™ืŸ ืœื›ื ื–ืžืŸ ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื™ื‘ืฉืชื™, ืกืŸ ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื• ืœืื‘ ื˜ื•ืจืก ืžืฆื™ืข ื˜ืจืžืคื™ื ื‘ืฉื ื•ืช ื” -70 ืฉืœ ื”ืžืื” ื” -19, ืืฉืจ ืฉื•ืคืฆื” ืขื ื•ื™ืœื•ื ื•ืช ื—ืจื•ื–ื™ื, ืžื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ื ื•ืฆืฆื™ื ื•ืขื‘ื•ื“ืช ืคืกื™ื›ื“ืœื™ ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™ืช, ืขื ื›ืœ ื”ืืชืจื™ื ื”ืงืœืืกื™ื™ื ืžืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืœืขื™ืจ. ื ืกื™ืขื” ืฉืœ ืฉืชื™ื™ื ื•ื—ืฆื™ ืฉืขื•ืช ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘- Magic Bus Bus ืœื•ืงื—ืช ืื•ืชืš ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืื—ื•ืจื” ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืœ -1967. ืœืฆืคื•ืช ื‘ืคืจื—ื™ื, ืื•ืฉืจ ืขืœ ืื ืฉื™ื ื‘ืกื˜ืจื™ืื• ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืขืœ ืžื•ืคืข ืงืœ.

ืชืขืจื•ื›ื•ืช ื•ืื™ืจื•ืขื™ื ืœืฆื™ื•ืŸ 50 ืฉื ื” ืœืขื•ื ืช ื”ืงื™ืฅ

ืกืŸ ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื• ื”ื•ืœืš ืขื ื›ืœ ืžืกืคืจ ืชืขืจื•ื›ื•ืช ื–ืžื ื™ ืœื—ื’ื•ื’ 50 ืฉื ื” ืžืื– ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ืคื›ื” ืœืžืจื›ื– 1960s counterculture.

ื”ืกืคืจื™ื™ื” ื”ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจื™ืช ืฉืœ ืกืŸ ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื• ืฉืœ 50 ืฉื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืื”ื‘ื” ื•ื”ื™ื™ื™ื˜ ื”ืชืขืจื•ื›ื” ืคื•ืขืœืช ืž 1 ื™ื•ืœื™ ืขื“ 17 ื‘ืกืคื˜ืžื‘ืจ, ืœื‘ื—ื•ืŸ ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืชืงื•ืคื” ืžื•ื’ื“ืจืช ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ืคื•ืค ื‘ืžืฉืš ืฉื ื™ื ืจื‘ื•ืช. ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ืืžื ื•ืช ื”ืืกื™ืืชื™ืช ืžื—ื–ื™ืง ื‘ืชืขืจื•ื›ืช ืคืื•ื•ืจ ืคืื•ื•ืจ ืž -24 ื‘ื™ื•ื ื™ ื•ืขื“ ื” -1 ื‘ืื•ืงื˜ื•ื‘ืจ, ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืคื–ื•ืจื” ื”ืืคืจื™ืงืื™ืช ืžื ื”ืœ ืกื“ืจืช ืกืจื˜ื™ ืงื™ืฅ ืฉืœ ืื”ื‘ื” ืž -3 ื‘ืžืื™ ืขื“ 7 ื‘ื™ื•ื ื™.

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ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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