ืขืœ ืฉื•ื‘ืœ ืฉืœ ืžื•ื ืง ื‘ืื•ืกืœื•

ืขืœ ืฉื•ื‘ืœ ืฉืœ ืžื•ื ืง ื‘ืื•ืกืœื•

ืขื ืื•ืจ ื ื•ืจื“ื™ ืžืชืขืจื‘ืœ, ืคื™ื•ืจื“ื™ื ื›ื”ื™ื ื•ืžืกืชื•ืจื™ื™ื ื•ื ื•ืคื™ื ืžืœืื™ ื ืฉืžื”, ืื•ืกืœื• ืžื•ื›ืŸ ืœืฆื™ื•ืจ ืžื•ื ืฉ ืืงืกืคืจืกื™ื•ื ื™ืกื˜ื™. ื‘ื‘ื™ืจื” ื”ื ื•ืจื‘ื’ื™ืช, ื”ืืžืŸ ื”ื ืขืจืฅ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื ื•ืจื‘ื’ื™ื” ื—ื™, ืื”ื‘, ืฆื™ื™ืจ ื•ืขืฉื” ืžืื‘ืง ืžืชืžื™ื“ ืขื ื”ืฉื“ื™ื ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ื™ื ืฉืœื•. ืœื”ื›ื•ืช ืขืœ ื–ื” Munch ืžืžื•ืงื“ ืกื™ื•ืจ, ืืฉืจ ืœื•ืงื— ืื•ืชืš ืžืŸ ื”ืฆืจื—ื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืฉืœื• ืœืกื˜ื•ื“ื™ื• ื”ืกื•ืคื™ ืฉืœื•.

ืžื•ื›ืŸ ืœืฆืขื•ืง

ืœื˜ืคืก ืืœ ื”ืžืฉืงื™ืฃ ืขืœ Ekeberg Hill (ekebergparken.com), ืจืง ืžื“ืจื•ื ืžื–ืจื— ืฉืœ ืžืจื›ื– ืื•ืกืœื•, ื•ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ ืžืชืคืฉื˜ืช ืœืคื ื™ืš ื™ืคื”: ืžื‘ื™ืช ื”ืื•ืคืจื” ื”ื—ื“ืฉื ื™ืช ื”ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœื™ืช ืืœ ื”ืคื™ื•ืจื“ inky ื•ืืช ื”ืื™ื™ื ืฉืžืขื‘ืจ. ื‘ื™ื•ื ื—ื•ืจืคื™ ืงื•ื“ืจ, ืฆืžืจืžื•ืจืช ื ืจืื™ืช ื›ืื™ืœื• ืฆื•ืœืœืช ืขืœ ืขืžื•ื“ ื”ืฉื“ืจื” ืฉืœ ืื•ืกืœื•, ื•ืžื ืงื–ืช ืืช ืกืฆื ืช ื”ืฆื‘ืข. ื‘ืืžืฆืข ื”ืงื™ืฅ, ื”ืื•ืจ ื”ื•ืคืš ืืช ื”ืขื™ืจ ืœื–ืจื•ื— ื‘ื›ืœ ืชื”ื™ืœืชื” ื”ืงืฆืจื”. ื‘ื›ืœ ืขืช ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื ื”, ืื•ืกืœื• ื”ื•ื ื™ื•ืคื™ ื ื•ืจื“ื™ ืืžื™ืชื™, ืžืชื ื“ื ื“ ืœืœื ืžืืžืฅ ืžืŸ ื”ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™ ืืœ ื‘ื—ื•ืฅ. ื–ื” ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืœืจืื•ืช ื›ืืŸ, ืฉื ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ืžืชืคืขืœื™ื ืžื”ืฉืงืคื•ืช ืจื—ื‘ื•ืช ื›ืฉื”ื ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื ืœืื•ืจืš ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื ืžืชืคืชืœื™ื ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื•ืจื ื™ื, ื™ืขืจ ืืฉื•ื— ื•ืืคืจ, ืžืคืกื™ืงื™ื ืœืคืขืžื™ื ืœื”ืจื”ืจ ื‘ืขื™ืจื•ื ืฉืœ ื“ืืœื™ ื•ืจื•ื“ืŸ ืื• ืฉืœ ื’ 'ื™ื™ืžืก ื˜ื•ืจืœ Skyspace ื‘ืคืืจืง ื”ืคืกืœื™ื.

ื”ืฆื˜ืจืฃ ื”ื”ืœื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื ื•ืืชื” ื’ื ื™ื”ื™ื” ืฉื‘ื•ื™ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ Vista ืžืŸ ื”ื‘ืœื•ืฃ ื”ื–ื”, ืืฉืจ ื”ื ื™ืข ื”ืจื‘ื” ืืžืŸ ืœื”ืจื™ื ืžื›ื—ื•ืœ - ืœื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืืฉืจ ืžื•ื ืง. ืืช Munch Spot (ekebergparken.com/en / pakke / 22) ืžืกืžืŸ ืืช ื”ืžืฉืžืจ ื›ื™ ื”ืฉืจืื” ื”ืฆืขืงื”. ื‘ื”ืชื™ื™ื—ืกื• ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืขื ืฉื ื™ ื—ื‘ืจื™ื ื‘- 1892, ืกื™ื›ื ื”ืืžืŸ ืืช ื”ืจื’ืข ื›ืš: "ื”ืฉืžืฉ ืฉืงืขื”. ืœืคืชืข ื”ืคื›ื• ื”ืฉืžื™ื ืื“ื•ืžื™ื. ืขืฆืจืชื™, ืžื•ืชืฉ, ื•ื ืฉืขืŸ ืขืœ ื”ื’ื“ืจ. ื”ื™ื• ืฉื ื“ื ื•ืœืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืืฉ ืžืขืœ ื”ืคื™ื•ืจื“ ื”ื›ื—ื•ืœ-ืฉื—ื•ืจ ื•ื”ืขื™ืจ. ื”ื—ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉืœื™ ื”ืžืฉื™ื›ื• ืœืœื›ืช, ื•ืื ื™ ืขืžื“ืชื™ ืฉื ืจื•ืขื“ ื‘ื—ืจื“ื” - ื•ื”ืจื’ืฉืชื™ ืฆืจื—ื” ืื™ื ืกื•ืคื™ืช ืฉื—ื•ืœืคืช ื‘ื˜ื‘ืข ".

ืงื• ื”ืจืงื™ืข ื”ืฉืชื ื” ืžืขื˜ ืžืื–, ืื‘ืœ ืืชื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื—ื•ื•ืช "ืจื’ืข ืžื•ื ืง" ืžื ืงื•ื“ืช ื”ืžื‘ื˜ ืฉื”ื ื™ืขื” ืืช ื”ื™ืฆื™ืจื” ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกืžืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืืžืŸ. ืฉืœื‘ ื‘ืชื•ืš ืžืกื’ืจืช ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืžื”ื—ื™ื™ื, ืฉื ื•ืฆืจื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืืžื ื™ืช ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืขื™ื ืžืจื™ื ื” ืื‘ืจืžื•ื‘ื™ืฅ ', ื•ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ, ื‘ืจื•ื— ืฉืœ ืžื•ื ืง, ืœืฆืขื•ืง ืœืชื•ื›ืŸ ื”ืœื‘ ืฉืœืš.

ืœื—ื‘ื•ื˜ ืขืœ ื‘ื“

ื”ืฆืขืงื” (1893) ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœืขืœื•ืช ืขืœ ืžืงื•ืจื•ืชื™ื• ืฉืœ ืืงื™ื‘ืจื’, ืืš ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ืืžื™ืชื™ - ืื—ื“ ืžืืจื‘ืขืช ื”ืžืงื•ืจื™ื™ื: ืฉื ื™ ืคืกื˜ืœื™ื, ืฉื ื™ ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ื - ืชืœื•ื™ ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื‘ื ืืกื•ื ื’'ืืœืจื™ื™ื˜ ื”ืžื“ื”ื™ื. ืงื— ืืช ื”ื—ืฉืžืœื™ืช 19 ื‘ื—ื–ืจื” ืœืžืจื›ื– ืื•ืกืœื•, ืงื•ืคืฅ ื‘ Kontraskjæret. ืžื›ืืŸ ื–ื” 10 ื“ืงื•ืช ื ืกื™ืขื” ืฆืคื•ื ื” ืืœ ื”ื’ืœืจื™ื”. ื‘ื—ื“ืจ ืžื•ื ืง, ื”ืฆืขืงื” ืชื•ืคืก ืืช ื›ืœ ืชืฉื•ืžืช ื”ืœื‘. ืœื›ื™ื“ืช ื”ื—ื•ื•ื™ื” ื”ืืงื–ื™ืกื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœื™ืกื˜ื™ืช ืฉืœ ืขื™ื“ืŸ ื”ื–ืžืŸ, ืžืกืข ื—ื•ืžืฆื” ื–ื” ืฉืœ ืฆื™ื•ืจ ืžื”ื•ืคื ื˜ ืืช ื›ืœ ืžื™ ืฉืžื‘ื™ื˜ ื‘ื•. ื‘ืจืงืข ืžืฉืชืงืคื•ืช ืžืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช ื•ื”ืคื™ื•ืจื“ ืฉืžื™ื ื”ื–ื•ื™, ื”ื–ื•ื”ืจื™ื, ื‘ื—ื–ื™ืช ื ื™ืฆื‘ืช ื“ืžื•ืช ืจื•ืคืคืช, ืจื•ื—ื•ืช ืจืคืื™ื, ืคื™ื” ืคืขื•ืจ ื‘ืฆืจื—ื” ืื™ืœืžืช, ื•ื™ื“ื™ื” ื ืขื•ืฆื•ืช ื‘ืคื ื™ื”. ื”ืขื•ืจืจ ืืช ื”ื—ืจื“ื” ื•ื”ื‘ื“ื™ื“ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ืขืœ ื”ื‘ื“, ื”ืฆื™ื•ืจ ื”ื•ื ืื™ื™ืงื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืืžื ื•ืช ืืงืกืคืจืกื™ื•ื ื™ืกื˜ื™ืช ืฉื ืจืืชื” ืคืขื ืื—ืช, ืฉืžื›ืจื” ืืช ืžืขืžืงื™ ื ืคืฉื” ื”ืžื•ืคืจืขืช ืฉืœ ืžื•ื ืง.

ื ื•ืœื“ ื‘ืฉื ืช 1863, ื”ื™ื” ืื“ื•ื•ืจื“ Munch ื”ื™ืœื“ื•ืช ืžื•ื˜ืจื“ ืื•ืกืœื•, ืื– Kristiania, ืืฉืจ ื”ื™ื” ืžื ื•ื’ืข ืžื—ืœื”, ืฉืคื™ื•ืช, ืขื•ื ื™ ื•ืžื•ื•ืช. ื”ื•ื ืื™ื‘ื“ ืืช ืืžื• ื•ืืช ืื—ื•ืชื” ื”ืื”ื•ื‘ื”, ืกื•ืคื™, ืœืฉื—ืคืช ื‘ื’ื™ืœ ืฆืขื™ืจ, ืื™ืจื•ืขื™ื ืฉื”ืฉืคื™ืขื• ืขืžื•ืงื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ืขื™ืกื•ืง ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื• ื•ื‘ืžื•ื•ืชื™ื•. ืืฃ ืขืœ ืคื™ ืฉืจื•ืคื, ืื‘ื™ื• ื”ื“ืชื™, ืงืจื•ื‘ ืœืคืื ืื˜ื™ื•ืช, ื ืื‘ืง ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืžืฉืคื—ื” ืžืขืœ ืงื• ื”ืœื—ื ื•ื ื•ืชืจ ืžื ื•ืชืง ืจื’ืฉื™ืช ื›ืœืคื™ ื‘ื ื•. ื•ื›ืš ื ื–ืจืขื• ื–ืจืขื™ ื”ื—ืจื“ื” ื•ื”ื‘ื™ื“ื•ื“. "ื”ืกื‘ืœื•ืช ืฉืœื™ ื”ืŸ ื—ืœืง ืžืขืฆืžื™ ื•ืžื”ืืžื ื•ืช ืฉืœื™. ื”ื ืื™ื ื ื ื‘ื“ืœื™ื ืžืžื ื™, ื•ื”ื”ืจืก ืฉืœื”ื ื™ื”ืจื•ืก ืืช ื”ืืžื ื•ืช ืฉืœื™, "ืืžืจ ืžื•ื ืง.

ืื•ื“ื” ืฉืœ ื™ืฆื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืืžืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืืžืŸ, ื—ื“ืจ ืžื•ื ืง ื‘ Nasjonalgalleriet ื’ื ืžืฆื™ื’ ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ื ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืžื“ื•ื ื” (1894) ื•ืืช ื”ืชืžื•ืชื” ืื•ื‘ืกืกื™ื‘ื™ ืืคืจื™ื– ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ืกึดื“ืจึธื”.

ื—ืฉืžืœื™ื•ืช ื ื•ืกืขื•ืช ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืžืกื˜ื™ื˜ื™ื ื’ื˜ ื”ืกืžื•ื›ื”, ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืืช ื”ื’ืœื™ืœ ืฉืœ 15 ื”ื“ืงื•ืช ืžื–ืจื—ื” ืœื’ืœืจื™ื” ืื—ืจืช ืฉืื™ื ื” ื ื™ืชื ืช ืœืขืจืขื•ืจ, ืฉื•ืคืขืช ืืžื ื•ืชื• ืฉืœ ืžืื ืฅ': "ืžื•ื ืฆ'ืžื•ืกื˜". Munch ื™ืฆื™ืจื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช ืžื•ื›ืฉืจ ืœืื•ืกืฃ ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืงื‘ืข, ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืื•ืกืฃ ืฉืœ ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ื ืฉืœื•, ืจื™ืฉื•ืžื™ื ื•ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ื. ืชื•ื›ื ื™ื•ืช ืœืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื—ื“ืฉ ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ ืขืœ ื”ื—ื•ืฃ Bjørvika ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื‘ืฆื™ื ื•ืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ 2020 ืื‘ืœ, ืขื›ืฉื™ื•, ืชืขืจื•ื›ื•ืช ืžืกืชื•ื‘ื‘ื•ืช ืžืขื•ืœื” ืœื“ื‘ืจ ื‘ืขื“ ืขืฆืžื. ื‘ื›ืœ ืคืขื ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืฆื™ืฅ ื™ืฆื™ืจื•ืช ืจื’ืฉ ื›ื–ื” ื›ืžื• ืžื•ืฉืœื’ ืœื™ืœื” ื–ืจื•ืข ื›ื•ื›ื‘ื™ื (1922-24) ืขึทืจืคึผึธื“ (1893-95), ื”ื™ื“ื•ืข ื’ื ื‘ืฉื ืื”ื‘ื” ื•ื›ืื‘, ื”ืžืชืืจ ืื™ืฉื” ืื“ืžื•ื ื™ืช, ืžื“ื•ื–ื”, ืฉืื”ื‘ื” ืืช ืื”ื•ื‘ื”. ื”ื—ื•ืœื” ื”ื™ืœื“ (1925) ืจื•ืžื– ืœื–ื›ืจื• ืฉืœ ืžื•ื ืง ืขืœ ืžื•ืชื” ื‘ื˜ืจื ืขืช ืฉืœ ืื—ื•ืชื•, ื‘ืŸ 15. ืชื—ื•ืฉื” ื“ื•ืžื” ืฉืœ ืื‘ื“ื•ืŸ ืžื•ื—ืฉื™ืช ื‘ืขื‘ื•ื“ื•ืช ื›ืžื• ืจื™ืงื•ื“ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื (1925) ื“ื™ื•ืงืŸ ืขืฆืžื™ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉืขื•ืŸ ืœืžื™ื˜ื” (1940-43), ืฉืื•ืชื” ืฆื™ื™ืจ ืžื•ื ืง ื–ืžืŸ ืงืฆืจ ืœืคื ื™ ืžื•ืชื•.

ืฉืขืจ ืงืจืœ ื™ื•ื”ื ืก

ืขื‘ื•ื“ืชื• ืฉืœ ืžืื ืฅ 'ืื™ื ื” ืžื•ื’ื‘ืœืช ืจืง ืœืงื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื’ืœืจื™ื”. ื—ื–ืจื• ืœืžืจื›ื– ืื•ืกืœื• ื•ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื—ื•ืฉ ืืช ื”ืื™ืฉ ื•ืืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ืชื• ื‘ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืœืื•ืจืš ืงืืจืœ ื’'ื•ื”ื ืก ื’ื™ื™ื˜ (Karl Johans Gate), ื”ืจื—ื•ื‘ ื”ืžื”ื•ื“ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ, ื‘ืืžืฆืข ื”ืžืื” ื” -19, ื”ืžืงืฉืจ ืืช ื”ืชื—ื ื” ื”ืžืจื›ื–ื™ืช ืฉืœ ืื•ืกืœื• ืืœ ื”ืืจืžื•ืŸ ื”ืžืœื›ื•ืชื™.ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ืื—ื“ ื”ืจื•ื“ืคื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืื ืฅ' ื›ืฉืขืฉื” ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืœื—ื‘ืจื”, ื•ื”ื•ื ื”ื ื™ื— ืื•ืชื• ืขืจื‘ ื‘ืจื—ื•ื‘ ืงืืจืœ ื™ื•ื”ืืŸ (1892), ื”ืžืฆื™ื’ ื“ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ืจืคืื™ื, ื—ื•ื‘ืฉื•ืช ื›ื•ื‘ืขื™ื, ืฉืฆื•ืขื“ื•ืช ืœืฆื“ื• ื‘ื˜ืจืื ืก ืฉืœ ืžื•ื•ืช. ืžื•ื ืง ื—ืชืš ืืช ืฉื™ื ื™ื• ื›ืืžืŸ ืฆืขื™ืจ ื‘ืจื—ื•ื‘ ื”ื–ื”, ืฉื›ืจ ืืช ื”ืกื˜ื•ื“ื™ื• ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืฉืœื• ื•ื”ืฆื™ื’ ืืช ื”ืชืขืจื•ื›ื•ืช ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœื• ื›ืืŸ.

ื‘ืžืœื•ืŸ ื’ืจื ื“ ืžืก '31 ืชืžืฆืื• ืืช ื’ืจื ื“ ืงืคื”, ืืฉืจ ืคืชื— ืืช ืฉืขืจื™ื• ื‘ืฉื ืช 1874 ื•ื”ืคืš ื‘ืžื”ืจื” ืœืœื”ื™ื˜ ืื”ื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ืืžื ื™ื ื•ื‘ื•ื”ืžื™ื™ื ื™ื ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ื”ืžืื” ื” -19. ืžื™ืœื” ืžืกืคืจืช ืฉืžื•ื ืฅ ื”ืฆื™ืข ืคืขื ืืช ื”ืฆื™ื•ืจ ื™ืœื“ื” ื—ื•ืœื” ืชืžื•ืจืช 100 ืกืขื•ื“ื•ืช ืกื˜ื™ื™ืง ื›ืืŸ. ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืงืคื” ื”ื™ื” ื‘ื™ืชื• ื”ืฉื ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฉื•ืจืจ ื•ื”ืžื—ื–ืื™ ื”ื ื•ืจื‘ื’ื™ ื”ื ืจื™ืง ืื™ื‘ืกืŸ, ืฉื”ื’ื™ืข ืœื›ืืŸ ื›ืœ ื™ื•ื ืœืืจื•ื—ืช ืฆื”ืจื™ื™ื - ื›ืจื™ืš, ื‘ื™ืจื” ื•ืฉื ืืคืก - ื•ืคื’ืฉ ืืช ื”ื™ื›ืจื•ืชื• ืฉืœ ืžืื ืฅ'. ื”ืืžืŸ ืงืœื˜ ืืช ื”ืจื’ืข ื‘ืฆื™ื•ืจื• ืฉืœ ื”ืกื•ืคืจ ืœื™ื“ ืฉื•ืœื—ืŸ ื”ื—ืœื•ืŸ ื”ืจื’ื™ืœ ืฉืœื• ื”ื ืจื™ืง ืื™ื‘ืกืŸ ื‘"ื’ืจื ื“ ืงืคื”" (1898).

ื›ืžื” ืฆืขื“ื™ื ืžืฉื ื”ื•ื ืžืก '47 ื”ื•ื ื‘ืื•ืœื ื”ื˜ืงืกื™ ืฉืœ ืื•ื ื™ื‘ืจืกื™ื˜ืช ืื•ืกืœื•, Aula (www.uio.no/english/about/culture/aula), ื”ื‘ื™ืชื” ืกื“ืจื” ืฉืœ ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ ื”ื‘ืขื” ืืงืกืคืจืกื™ื•ื ื™ืกื˜ื™ ืฉืœ ืžื•ื ืง. ืฉืชื™ื™ื” ื›ื‘ื“ื”, ืงื˜ื˜ื” ืคื•ืžื‘ื™ืช ื•ืขื ื™ื™ื ื™ ืื”ื‘ื” ืžื™ื•ืกืจื™ื ื“ื—ืคื• ืืช ืžื•ื ืง ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœืงืฆื” ื‘- 1908; ื”ื•ื ืกื‘ืœ ืžืฉื™ืชื•ืง ื—ืœืงื™ ื•ื”ื—ืœ ืœืฉืžื•ืข ืงื•ืœื•ืช ื”ื–ื•ื™ื™ื. ืœืื—ืจ ืชืงื•ืคืช ื”ื‘ืจืื” ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื‘ืจืื”, ื”ื•ื ื—ื–ืจ ื•ื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืœื ืชืงื•ื•ื”. ื”ืื•ืคื˜ื™ืžื™ื•ืช ื”ื—ื“ืฉื” ืฉืœื• ื‘ืื” ืœื™ื“ื™ ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื™ ื‘ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ ื”ืงื™ืจ, ืฉืื•ืชื ื™ืฆืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ 1909 ืœ -1916, ื›ืฉื”ืžืจื›ื– ื”ื•ื ืฉืžืฉ ืขื ืงื™ืช. ื ืกื” ืœืชืคื•ืก ื›ืจื˜ื™ืกื™ื ืœืื—ื“ ื”ืงื•ื ืฆืจื˜ื™ื ื”ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจื™ื™ื ืฉื ืขืจื›ื• ื›ืืŸ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืฆื™ื’ ืืช ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื•ืช.

Munch ืื•ืกืœื• ื‘ืชื™ื

ืž Stortorvet ื”ืกืžื•ืš, ื–ื” ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ื—ืฉืžืœื™ืช ืงืฆืจ ืฆืคื•ื ื” ื›ื“ื™ Olas Ryes ืคืœื™ืก ื•ืืช ื”ืฉื›ื•ื ื” ืฉืœ Grünerløkka. ืžืžืฉ ืขืœ Akerselva (ื ื”ืจ Aker), ื–ื•ื”ื™ ื”ืฉื›ื•ื ื” ืฉื‘ื” Munch ื‘ื™ืœื” ืืช ืจื•ื‘ ื™ืœื“ื•ืชื•. ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ืžืคืขืœ ื”ื—ื“ ืคืขืžื™ ื”ื•ื ื›ืขืช ื›ื™ืก ืฉืœ ืžื’ื ื™ื‘ ืขื›ืฉื•ื•ื™, ืฉื•ืคืข ื‘ืจื™ื ืื•ืคื ืชื™ื™ื, ื‘ื•ื˜ื™ืงื™ื, ื—ื ื•ื™ื•ืช ื™ื“ ืฉื ื™ื™ื” ื•ืžื™ืงืจื•-ื‘ืจื™, ืจื‘ื™ื ืžื”ื ืฉื•ื›ื ื™ื ื‘ืžื‘ื ื™ื ืžืฉื•ืคืฆื™ื ืžื”ืžืื” ื” -19. ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื“ื™ืจื•ืช ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ ืฉืœ ืžื•ื ืฉ ื”ื ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœืชื—ื•ื, ืืชื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืงื—ืช ืžืขื ื™ื™ืŸ ืœืฉื•ื˜ื˜ ื‘ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื”ื•ื ืคืขื ืื—ืช. ื“ืจื™ื›ื” ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ื ื”ืจ ื•ืืช ื”ื›ื•ืชืจืช ื‘ืžืขืœื” ื”ื’ื‘ืขื” ืžื‘ื™ื ืื•ืชืš Vår Freelsers Gravlund, ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืงื‘ืจื•ืช ืฉื‘ื• ืžื•ื ืฉ ื˜ืžื•ืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืจ ืœืฆื“ ื ื›ื‘ื“ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื›ื•ืœืœ ืกื•ืคืจื™ื ืกื•ืคืจื™ื Ibsen ื• Bjørnson.

ืขืœ ื”ื‘ื•ื“ื“ื™ื ืฉืœื” ื‘ืฉื•ืœื™ื™ื ื”ืžืขืจื‘ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื ืžืฆื ื”ืื—ื•ื–ื” Ekely (munchs-ekely.no /english), ืฉืืœื™ื” ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืžืžืจื›ื– ืื•ืกืœื• ืขืœ-ื™ื“ื™ ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ื—ืฉืžืœื™ืช 13, ื•ื™ืจื™ื“ื” ื‘- Abbediengen. ืžื•ื ืง ื‘ื™ืœื” ืืช 28 ื”ืฉื ื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช ืœื—ื™ื™ื• ื›ืืŸ. ืืฃ ืขืœ ืคื™ ืฉืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ื™ื” ืขืฉื™ืจ ื•ื ืขืจืฅ, ื ืฉืืจ ื‘ืŸ-ืœื•ื•ื™ืชื• ื”ืืžื™ืชื™ ืื—ื“ ื‘ืžื›ื—ื•ืœ ื”ืคื•ืจื” ืฉืœื•, ืฉื‘ื• ื ื”ื’ ืœื”ื‘ื™ืข ืืช ื”ืฉืจืืชื• ื”ืžืชืžื“ืช ืžืŸ ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช. ื”ื•ื ืฆื™ื™ืจ ื‘ื›ืœ ืžืฆื‘ ื•ืจื’ืข: ื‘ืกืชื™ื• ื•ื‘ืื‘ื™ื‘, ื‘ืื•ืจ ื”ื™ืจื— ื•ื‘ืฉืœื’. ื”ื•ื ืฆื™ื™ืจ ื“ื™ื•ืงื ืื•ืช ืขืฆืžื™ื™ื ื•ื“ื™ื•ืงื ืื•ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื, ืขื™ืจื•ื ื•ืžืจืื•ืช ืฉืœ ื ืฉื™ื ืืœื’ื ื˜ื™ื•ืช ืฉืฉื˜ื• ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื”ื’ื ื™ื. ื‘ืกืš ื”ื›ืœ, ื› -1008 ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ื ื• -4443 ืจื™ืฉื•ืžื™ื ื ืชื’ืœื• ื›ืืŸ ืœืื—ืจ ืžื•ืชื• ื‘ -1944. ื‘ืฉื‘ืชื•ืช ื™ื•ืœื™-ืกืคื˜ืžื‘ืจ, ื›ืจื˜ื™ืก ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืฉืœ Munchmuseet ืžืืคืฉืจ ืœืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืกื˜ื•ื“ื™ื• ืฉืœื•, ืื‘ืœ ื‘ื—ื•ืจืฃ ื”ืžืงื•ื ืฉื•ืชืง. ื•ื–ื” ื ืจืื” ืžืชืื™ื ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืฉื‘ื• ื”ื™ื•ืฆืจ ืจื“ื•ืฃ ืฉืœ ื”ืฆืขืงื” ืกื•ืฃ ืกื•ืฃ ื ืžืฆื ืฉืœื•ื ื‘ืจ ืงื™ื™ืžื.

ืชื’ืจื•ื ืœื–ื” ืœืงืจื•ืช

ืžืกืคืจ ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ืชืขื•ืคื” ื”ืชืงืฆื™ื‘ ืœื”ืคืขื™ืœ ื˜ื™ืกื•ืช ื™ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ืื•ืกืœื• ื›ื•ืœืœ ื ื•ืจื‘ื’ื™ื” (norwegian.com) ื• Ryanair (ryanair.com). ืžืขืจื›ืช ืชื—ื‘ื•ืจื” ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจื™ืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื”, ืขื ื—ืฉืžืœื™ื•ืช ื•ืจื›ื‘ื•ืช ืชืช-ืงืจืงืขื™ื•ืช (T-bane), ืžืงืฉืจื•ืช ืืช ื”ืžืจืื•ืช ื”ืขื™ืงืจื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืื ืฅ ', ืืš ื—ืœืงืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื›ื•ืกื•ืช ื‘ืจื’ืœ. ื›ื“ื™ ืœื—ืกื•ืš, ืœื”ืฉืงื™ืข ืืช ื”ืžืขื‘ืจ ืื•ืกืœื• (visitoslo.com/en/activities-and-attractions/oslo-pass), ื”ืžื›ืกื™ื ืืช ืขืœื•ืช ื”ื›ื ื™ืกื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ื ื™ื ื›ืžื• ื’ื ืชื—ื‘ื•ืจื” ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจื™ืช.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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