ื”ืžื•ืจืฉืช ื”ืชืขืฉื™ื™ืชื™ืช ืคื•ื’ืฉืช ื ื•ืคื™ื ืฉื•ืคืขื™ื ื‘ืขืžืงื™ื ื”ื•ื•ืœืฉื™ื™ื

ื”ืžื•ืจืฉืช ื”ืชืขืฉื™ื™ืชื™ืช ืคื•ื’ืฉืช ื ื•ืคื™ื ืฉื•ืคืขื™ื ื‘ืขืžืงื™ื ื”ื•ื•ืœืฉื™ื™ื

ืขืžืงื™ื ื•ื•ืœืฉื™ื™ื ืžืชืขืœืžื™ื ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื ื•ื”ืจื™ื ืืœ ื”ื ื•ืฃ ืฉืœ ืžืฉื•ืื•ืช Brecon ืื• Snowdonia, ืื• ืงื• ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ืฉืœ Pembrokeshire. ืื‘ืœ ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ื–ื” ื™ืฉ ืžืฉื”ื• ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ืืžืช ื”ื•ืœืš ืขืœ ื–ื”: ื”ื–ื“ืžื ื•ืช ืœื˜ื‘ื•ืœ ืืช ืขืฆืžืš ื‘ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื™ื•ืฆืืช ื“ื•ืคืŸ.

ืกื™ืคื•ืจ ืขืžืงื™ื ื”ื•ื ืžืจืชืง, ืžืŸ ื”ืชืงื•ืคื” ื”ืžืชื•ืขืฉืช ื‘ื–ืขื ื›ืืฉืจ ืคื—ื ื“ืจื•ื ืกืืœืก ื ืฉืœื— ืœื›ืœ ืคื™ื ื•ืช ื”ืขื•ืœื ืœื˜ืจื’ื“ื™ื” ืฉืœ ืกื’ื™ืจืช ื‘ื•ืจ. ื–ื”ื• ืกื™ืคื•ืจ ืฉืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืชื’ืœื’ืœ: ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื”ืžืฆื•ืœืงืช ืคืขื ืคื—ื ื”ื•ืœื›ืช ื•ืžืชื—ื“ืฉืช ื‘ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช, ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ืคืš ืื•ืชื” ืœืžืงื•ื ืžืฉืžื— ืœื˜ื™ื™ืœ ืขืœ ืื•ืคื ื™ื™ื, ื•ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ืžืื™ืจื™ื ืืช ื”ืื•ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืขืœื™ื•ืช ื•ื”ืžื•ืจื“ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ืžืจืชืง ื”ื–ื” ื“ืจืš ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ื ื™ื, ืกื™ื•ืจื™ื ื™ืฆื™ืจื•ืช ืืžื ื•ืช ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจื™ื•ืช.

ื™ื•ืจื“ื™ื ืœืžื—ืชืจืช

ื‘ืžืื” ื” -19 ืชืขืฉื™ื™ืช ื”ืคื—ื ื”ื—ืœื” ื‘ื•ื ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ื•ื™ื™ืœืก ื•ื—ืœืง ืžื ื•ืžื ื ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ืคืš ืœื‘ ืชืขืฉื™ื™ืชื™. ื”ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื™ื” ื–ื™ื ืงื” ื›ืืฉืจ ืคื•ืขืœื™ื ื ื”ืจื• ืœื›ืคืจื™ื ื”ืกืžื•ื›ื™ื ืœืงื•ืœืจื™ื•ืช, ื•ื™ืฆืจื• ืงื”ื™ืœื•ืช ืฉื—ื™ื™ ืกื•ื‘ื‘ื™ื ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื”ืžื›ืจื•ืช. ื”ื‘ื™ืงื•ืฉ ื”ืขื•ืœืžื™ ืœืขื•ืฉืจ ื”ืคื—ื ืžืชื—ืช ืœื’ื‘ืขื•ืช ืืœื” ื”ื™ื” ื›ื” ืื™ื ื˜ื ืกื™ื‘ื™ ื›ื™ ื‘ืฉื™ื ื”ื™ื™ืฆื•ืจ ื‘ืฉื ืช 1913, ื“ืจื•ื ื•ื™ื™ืœืก coalfield ื”ืคื™ืง 56 ืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ื˜ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืคื—ื ื•ื”ืขืกื™ืง 232,000 ื’ื‘ืจื™ื.

ืžื” ื”ื™ื• ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื›ื•ืจื™ื ื”ืืœื”? ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืขื˜ื•ืจืช ื”ืคืจืกื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืื ืื‘ื•ืก, ื‘ื™ื’ ืคื™ื˜, ืฉื”ื™ื” ืคื—ื ืคืขื™ืœ ืž -1880 ืขื“ 1980, ื ื•ืชืŸ ืชื•ื‘ื ื” ืคืชื•ื—ื”. ื›ื•ืจื™ื ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ ื•ืื™ื ืคื•ืจืžื˜ื™ื‘ื™ ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืกื™ื•ืจ ืชืช ืงืจืงืขื™, ืฉืžืชื—ื™ืœ ืขื ื™ืจื™ื“ื” ืขืฆื‘ 90m ืขืฆื‘ ื‘ื›ืœื•ื‘ ื‘ื•ืจ. ื•ืื–, ื”ืœื™ื›ื” ื‘ืœื‘ ื”ืžื•ืงืฉ ื—ื•ืœืคืช ื‘ืคื™ื ื•ืช ืฉื‘ื”ืŸ ื™ื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ื™ืœื“ื™ื ื‘ื—ื•ืฉืš ื‘ืžืฉืš ืฉืขื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืคืขื™ืœ ืืช ื“ืœืชื•ืช ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช, ื•ืืช ื”ืื•ืจื•ื•ืช ืฉื‘ื”ืŸ ื’ืจื™ื ืกื•ืกื™ ื”ืคื•ื ื™. ื”ื•ื ื—ืฉื•ืš, ืงืจื™ืจ, ืœื— ื•ืงืœื•ืกื˜ืจื•ืคื•ื‘ื™, ื•ื”ืžื“ืจื™ื›ื™ื ืขื•ืฉื™ื ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืžืฆื•ื™ื™ื ืช ืฉืœ ื™ืฆื™ืจืช ืชื—ื•ืฉื” ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื™ื ื›ืžื• ืžื—ืชืจืช.

ื‘ื—ืœืงื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืงื•ืœืจื™, ื™ืฉ ื’ื ืชืขืจื•ื›ื” ืขืœ ืืžื‘ื˜ื™ื•ืช Pithead ืฉื‘ื• ื”ื›ื•ืจื™ื ื”ื™ื• ืœืงืจืฆืฃ ืืช ืขืฆืžื ื ืงื™ ืฉืœ ืคื™ื—, ื•ืืช ืจืื•ื•ื” ืจืื•ื•ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžื ื’ื ื•ืŸ ื—ื–ืง ื”ืžืฉืžืฉ ื›ืจื™ื™ื” ื”ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ืช, ืœื”ืฉืœื™ื ืขื ื”ืฉืคืขื•ืช ืื•ืจ ื•ืงื•ืœ. ืชืขืจื•ื›ื•ืช ืจื’ื™ืฉื•ืช ื•ื ื™ื•ืื ืกื™ื ืžื›ืกื•ืช ื’ื ืืช ื”ืชืงื•ืคื” ื”ืงืฉื” ืฉืœ ืฉื‘ื™ืชื•ืช, ืคื™ื˜ื•ืจื™ื ื”ืžื•ื ื™ื™ื ื•ืกื’ื™ืจืช ื‘ื•ืจ ื‘ืฉื ื•ืช ื” -80, ื•ื›ืŸ ืืช ื”ืงืฉื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืงื”ื™ืœื•ืช ื”ื›ืจื™ื™ื” ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืื• ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืชื™ื”.

ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืœื”ื•ื˜ื™ื ืœื”ืชืขืžืง ืขืžื•ืง ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืชื•ืš ื”ืžื•ืจืฉืช ื”ืชืขืฉื™ื™ืชื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืื–ื•ืจ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื’ื ืœืขืฆื•ืจ ื‘ Blaenavon Ironworks ื”ืกืžื•ืš, ืฉื‘ื• ืืช ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื”ื™ื™ืฆื•ืจ ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ ื”ื‘ืจื–ืœ ืžื•ืฆื’, ื•ืืช ืฉืจื™ื“ื™ ื”ืฉืชืžืจื•ืช ื”ื™ื˜ื‘ ืฉืœ ืงื•ืžืคืœืงืก ืชื ื•ืจ ื”ืคื™ืฆื•ืฅ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืขื•ืžื“. ื‘ืžืจื—ืง ื ืกื™ืขื” ืงืฆืจื” ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืช ืœื›ืืŸ, Rhondda Heritage Park ืžืฆื™ืข ื”ืฆืฆื” ื ื•ืกืคืช, ืžืขืฉื™ืช, ืืœ ืขื‘ืจ ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืฉืœ ื›ืจื™ื™ืช ื”ืคื—ื ืฉืœ ื“ืจื•ื ื•ื™ื™ืœืก.

ืคืกืœ ืžื•ื ื•ืžื ื˜ืืœื™

ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื”ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ืžื™ืช ื‘ืžื›ืจื•ืช ื”ื™ืชื” ืžืกื•ื›ื ืช ื•ืžืกื•ื›ื ืช ื›ืฉืœืขืฆืžื”, ืืš ืžื” ืฉื”ื—ืจื™ืฃ ืื•ืชื” ื”ื™ื” ืื™ื•ื ื”ืืกื•ืŸ. ืžืขืช ืœืขืช ื‘ืชืงื•ืคืช ื”ื›ืจื™ื™ื”, ืชืื•ื ื•ืช ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช ื”ื™ื• ืื—ืจืื™ื ืœืžื•ืชื ืฉืœ ืืœืคื™ ื›ื•ืจื™ื.

ื‘ -1960 ื”ืชืคื•ืฆืฆื” ืคืฆืฆื” ืฉืœ ืžื—ืชืจืช ืชืช-ืงืจืงืขื™ืช ื‘ืžื›ืจื” ืืจืœื™ืŸ ื’ืจื™ืคื™ืŸ. 45 ืžืชื•ืš 48 ื”ื’ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉืขื‘ื“ื• ืฉื ื‘ืื•ืชื• ื™ื•ื, ื”ืจืกื• ืืช ืงื”ื™ืœืช ืฉืฉืช ื”ืคืขืžื•ื ื™ื. ื—ืžื™ืฉื™ื ืฉื ื” ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ, ื”"ื’ืจื“ื™ืืŸ" ื”ื•ืงื ื›ืžื—ื•ื•ื” ืœืืœื• ืฉืžืชื• ื‘ืื•ืชื• ื™ื•ื ื•ื‘ืืกื•ื ื•ืช ืžื›ืจื•ืช ืื—ืจื™ื ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ. ื”ืืชืจ, ืฉื ื‘ื ื” ืขืœ ื”ืืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืงื•ืœืจื™ื™ืจ ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ, ื ื‘ื ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืคืกืœ ืขื ืงื™ ื‘ืŸ 7 ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื›ื•ืจื”, ืขืฉื•ื™ ืกืจื˜ ืคืœื“ื” ื‘ืฆื‘ืข ื—ืœื•ื“ื”, ืขื ืฉืžื•ืชื™ื”ื ืฉืœ ื”ื”ืจื•ื’ื™ื ื•ื’ื™ืœื ืขืœ ื”ื‘ืกื™ืก. ืฉื™ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืื™ืจื•ืข ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืžืฉื•ืจืจ ื•ื•ืœืฉื™ืช Gilliam ืงืœืืจืง ืžื•ืฆื’ ืขืœ ืœื•ื— ืกืžื•ืš, ื•ื›ืœ ื”ืืชืจ ื”ื•ื ืžืงื•ื ืžืื•ื“ ืžื”ื•ืจื”ืจ ื•ืžืจื’ืฉ.

ื”ื™ื›ืจื•ืช ืขื ื ื•ืคื™ ื”ืžื•ืจืฉืช

ืฆืจื™ืš ืงืฆืช ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ืฆื— ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช? ื”ืขืžืงื™ื ื”ื ื”ืœื™ื›ื™ ืขื ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ ื”ืื•ืคื ื™ื™ื ื”ืขืœื™ื•ืŸ, ื•ื›ืŸ ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื“ื• ื’ืœื’ืœื™ ื”ื™ื ื”ื“ืจืš ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื”ืขืจื™ืฅ ืืช ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื”ืžืฉืชื ื”.

ืจืง ืœืคื ื™ ื›ืžื” ืขืฉืจื•ืช ืฉื ื™ื, ื‘ืขืจื™ืžื•ืช ืกื™ื’ื™ื ืžืชื ืฉื ื ืงื˜ืขื• ืขืžืงื™ื ื•ื–ืจืžื™ื ืจืฅ ืฉื—ื•ืจ ืื˜ื•ื ืขื ืื‘ืง ืคื—ื. ื”ื ื•ืฃ ื”ืžื–ื•ื”ื ื”ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ื›ืขืช ื“ื‘ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืขื‘ืจ. ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื–ืืช, ื–ื• ืฉืžื—ื” ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ืช ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช ื™ืจื•ืงื•ืช ืžืฉื•ืคืขื•ืช, ืœืื•ืจืš ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื ืžืจื•ืคื“ื™ื ื‘ืคืจื—ื™ ื‘ืจ, โ€‹โ€‹ื‘ืจื•ื›ื™ื ืฆืœื•ืœื™ื ื•ื‘ื”ื ืคืœื˜ืคื•ืจืžืช ื”ืจื›ื‘ืช ื”ืžื’ื•ื“ืœืช ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืžืงืกื™ืžื” - ื”ื˜ื‘ืข ื‘ื”ื“ืจื’ื” ืžื—ื–ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืงืจืงืข. ื—ืคืฉื• ืืช ื”ืžืจืื” ื”ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ ืฉืœ ื”ื›ืคืจื™ื ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ ื”ื›ืจื™ื™ื”, ืขื ืฉื•ืจื•ืช ืžืกื•ื“ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ืชื™ื ืžื“ื•ืจื’ื™ื ืžื“ื•ืจื’ื™ื, ืฉื ื‘ื ื” ื‘ื–ื•ื•ื™ื•ืช ื™ื•ืฆื ื“ื•ืคืŸ ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืืœ ื”ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช.

ืจื•ื›ื‘ื™ ืื•ืคื ื™ื™ื ื”ื ืžืคื•ื ืงื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ื‘ืžื•ื ื—ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ื, ืื‘ืœ ื”ืฆืขื•ืช ืžืฆื•ื™ื ื•ืช ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืžืฆื•ื ื‘ื›ืชื•ื‘ืช bikewalesroutes.blogspot.co.uk ื• sustrans.org.uk / wales.

ืื—ื“ ื”ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื ื”ื™ืคื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืขื•ืงื‘ ืื—ืจ ื—ืœืงื™ื ืฉืœ ืชืขืœืช ืžื•ื ืžื•ื˜ืฉื™ื™ืจ ื•ื‘ืจืงื•ืŸ, ื•ื™ืฉ ื ืงื•ื“ืช ืขืฆื™ืจื” ืžื•ืฉืœืžืช ื‘ืื’ืŸ ืคื•ื ื˜ื™ืžื•ื™ืœ (Pontymoile Basin), ืฉื ื”ื•ืคื›ืช ื“ื•ื‘ืจื” ืœื‘ื™ืช ืงืคื”, ืขื•ืฉื” ืฉื•ืจื” ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ืชื” ื•ืขื•ื’ื•ืช ื•ื•ืœืฉื™ืช.

ืžืกืœื•ืœ ื ื•ืกืฃ ืขื•ื‘ืจ ืœื™ื“ ืคืกื™ ื”ืจื›ื‘ืช ื”ืžื•ืจืฉืช ืฉืœ ื‘ืœืื ืื‘ืŸ. ืœืื—ืจ ืงื• ื”ื ื•ืกืขื™ื, ื”ื•ื ืฉื™ืžืฉ ืœื”ื•ื‘ืœืช ืคื—ื ืž Big Pit ืขื“ 1980. ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื–ื” ืžืชื•ื—ื–ืง ื‘ืื”ื‘ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžืชื ื“ื‘ื™ื ื•ืจืฅ ืž ืชื—ื ืช Whistle Inn ื›ื“ื™ Blaenavon ื‘ืกื•ืคื™ ืฉื‘ื•ืข. ื–ืžืŸ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ืฉืœืš ื™ืžื™ื ื” ื•ืืชื” ืชืจืื” ืื—ื“ ืงื˜ืจื™ื โ€‹โ€‹ืื“ื™ื ื“ื™ื–ืœ trundling ืœืื•ืจืš, ืžืงื‘ืœ ื’ืœ ืขืœื™ื– ืžืŸ ื”ื ื”ื’ ืื ื™ืฉ ืœืš ืžื–ืœ.

ืœื‘ืกื•ืฃ, ืคื ืงื• ืืช ืขืฆืžื›ื ืกืคื™ืŸ ื“ืจืš ืื’ืžื™ื ืื’ื ื’ืจืŸ (visitblaenavon.co.uk), ืœื™ื“ Big Pit. ื–ื”ื• ืขื“ื•ืช ืœื˜ื™ื”ื•ืจ ืงืจืงืขื™ ื‘ืžื™ื˜ื‘ื” - ืคืขื ืื—ืช, ืžืœืื•ืช ื‘ื”ืจื™ืกื•ืช ืฆื•ืœื‘ื•ืช ื•ืงืฆื•ื•ืช ืกื™ื’ื™ื, ื”ื•ื ื›ืขืช ื”ืชืคืฉื˜ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืื’ืžื™ื ื•ืฉื˜ื—ื™ ืžืจืขื” ื•ื˜ื”ื•ืจ ืœืฆืคื™ื™ื” ื‘ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื.

ื”ืœืŸ ื ืกืข ืขืžืงื™ื ื•ื•ืœืฉื™ืช ืขื ืชืžื™ื›ื” ืขืžืงื™ื ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืช (thevalleys.co.uk) ืžืœื•ืŸ ืืจื™ื” (thelionhotelblaenavon.co.uk) ื• Drover ืžื—ื–ื•ืจื™ื (drovercycles.co.uk). Lonely Planet ืชื•ืจืžื™ื ืœื ืžืงื‘ืœื™ื freebies ืชืžื•ืจืช ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ื—ื™ื•ื‘ื™.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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