ืงื ื“ื” ืฉืœ ื™ื•ืงื•ืŸ: ืื—ืจื™ ื”ื‘ื”ืœื” ืœื–ื”ื‘

ืงื ื“ื” ืฉืœ ื™ื•ืงื•ืŸ: ืื—ืจื™ ื”ื‘ื”ืœื” ืœื–ื”ื‘

ืื ื”ื“ื—ืคื•ืจื™ื ื‘ืžื›ืจื” ื”ื–ื”ื‘ ืฉืœ ื˜ื•ื ื™ ื‘ื™ืฅ' ื™ืชืžื•ื˜ื˜ื•, ื”ื•ื ื™ื•ื›ืœ ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื™ื“ื™ื™ื ืฉืœื•. ื”ื ืขื ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืžืจื•ื—ืงื™ื ื‘ืขืคืจ, ื›ืžื• ืฉื”ืจืื” ืืœื•ื”ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ื ืฉื‘ื• ื™ืฆืจ ืืช ื”ื”ืจื™ื. ื˜ื•ื ื™ ื”ื’ื™ืข ืœื™ื•ืงื•ืŸ ื‘ -1982 ืžืื•ืชื” ื”ืกื™ื‘ื” ืฉืืœืคื™ื ืœืคื ื™ื• ืขืฉื• ื–ืืช ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืขื•ืžืก ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืœ 1896-1896, ืื‘ืœ ื”ืกื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ื”ื™ืฉื ื™ื ืœื ืžืขื ื™ื™ื ื™ื ืื•ืชื• ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“.

"ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื”ื™ื ื”ืžืขื˜ื” ืฉื‘ื“ืื’ื•ืชื™, ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื›ื ื” ืขื ื™ื”, "ื”ื•ื ืื•ืžืจ. "ื–ื” ื ื—ืžื“, ืื‘ืœ ื”ื ื™ื›ืœื• ืœืขื–ื•ื‘ ืงืฆืช ื™ื•ืชืจ."

ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื•ื•ื™ ืฉืœ ืžืื” ืฉื ื” ืฉืœ ื›ื•ืจื™ื ื”ืžื–ืœื–ืœื™ื ื‘ื•, ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ืฉ ืžืกืคื™ืง ื–ื”ื‘ ื‘ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช ื”ืืœื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืืช ื˜ื•ื ื™ ืœืื“ื ืขืฉื™ืจ. ืฉืขืจื• ื”ื–ืงื•ืฃ ื•ื”ื–ืงืŸ ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœื”ืกื•ื•ืช ืื•ืชื•, ืืš ืฉื•ื•ื™ื• ื ื˜ื• ืžื•ืขืจืš ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืž -5 ืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ื“ื•ืœืจ. "ื‘ืื ื• ืœื›ืืŸ ื‘ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื”ื›ืกืฃ, "ื”ื•ื ืื•ืžืจ. "ื‘ื•ื ื ื’ื™ื“ ืฉื–ื” ืขื‘ื“. ืื ื—ื ื• ืงืฆืช ืžืคื•ื ืงื™ื ืขื›ืฉื™ื•, ืื‘ืœ ื›ืžื• ืฉืื ื™ ืชืžื™ื“ ืื•ืžืจ ... "ื”ื•ื ืžืจื™ื ืืช ื”ืื’ืจื•ืคื™ื ื”ืžืื•ื‘ืงื™ื. "ื–ื” ื”ืจื•ื•ื™ื—."

ื˜ื•ื ื™ ืžื•ืงืฉื™ื ืœื™ื“ ื ื”ืจ ืงืœื•ื ื“ื™ื™ืง, ืฉื ื ืชื’ืœื” ื–ื”ื‘ ืœืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืขืœ ืจืื‘ื™ื˜ ืงืจื™ืง ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืกืงื•ืงื•ื ื’'ื™ื, ื’'ื•ืจื’ 'ืงืืจืžืืง ื•ื˜ืืฉื™ืฉ ืฆ'ืจืœื™ ื‘ืื•ื’ื•ืกื˜ 1896. ื”ืฉื˜ื— ื”ื™ื” ืขืฉื™ืจ ื›ืœ ื›ืš, ืฉื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื’ื™ืขื• ื”ืžื—ืคืฉื™ื ืœืกืŸ ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื• ื‘ื™ื•ืœื™ 1897, ืžืขืœ ืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ื“ื•ืœืจ. ื”ื—ื“ืฉื•ืช ืขื•ืจืจื• ื”ื‘ื”ืœื” ืœื–ื”ื‘ ืฉื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœื” 100,000 ืื ืฉื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื ืกื•ืช ืืช ื”ืžืกืข ื”ืืจื•ืš, ืžืขื ื™ืฉ ืœืงืœื•ื ื“ื™ื™ืง.

ืžืฉื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ื›ื™ ื”ื—ื•ืชืžื™ื ื”ืืœื” ื™ื”ื™ื• ืืคื™ืœื• ืงืœื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื’ื‘ืขื•ืช ืฉืœื™, ื”ื’ื™ืฉ ืกื•ื”ืจ ื‘ืฉื ื’'ื•ื–ืฃ ืœืื“ื• ืžื ืกืจื” ื•ื”ืงื™ืฃ ืืช ื”ืขื™ื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื“ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื‘ื•ืฅ, ื‘ืžืคื’ืฉ ืฉืœ ื”ืงืœื•ื ื“ื™ื™ืง ื•ื”ื™ื•ืงื•ืŸ. ื”ื•ื ื›ื™ื ื” ืืช ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ื–ืืช ืฉืœ ื“ื•ืกื•ืŸ, ื•ื”ื™ื ื”ืคื›ื” ื”ื‘ื™ืชื” ืœื›ื•ืจื™ื, ื•ืœืกืจืกื•ืจื™ื, ืœืžื‘ืจื™ื—ื™ื ื•ืœื ืขืจื•ืช ืจื•ืงื“ื•ืช ืฉื”ืœื›ื• ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืชื™ื”ื. ื“ื•ืกื•ืŸ ืกื™ื˜ื™ ื ื•ืชืจื” ืขื™ืจ ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœื—ื•ืง. "ืืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื›ืžื• ืฉืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ื›ืืŸ, "ืื•ืžืจืช ื˜ื•ื ื™. "ื”ืจื‘ื” ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืžื•ืกื“ืจื™ื ื•ืžื•ืกื“ืจื™ื ื™ืชืจ ืขืœ ื”ืžื™ื“ื”, ืื‘ืœ ื›ืืŸ ื”ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื ื•ืชื ื™ื ืœืš ืœื‘ืจื•ื—."

ื ื•ื“ื“ ื“ื•ืกื•ืŸ ื‘ืฉืขืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ื™ื ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ ื—ืกืจ ื‘ืกืฆื ื” ื”ื•ื ื–ื•ื’ ืืงื“ื—ื™ื ืงืจื‘. ื”ื‘ื ื™ื™ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืขืฅ ื•ืคื— ืœื ื”ืฉืชื ื• ืžืื– 1900, ืืช ื”ืกืœื•ื ื™ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ืฉ ื“ืœืชื•ืช ื”ื ื“ื ื“ื” ื•ื”ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื”ื ืงืฆืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ื ืขืคืจ.

ื“ื•ืกื•ืŸ ื”ื•ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืงืฆื” ื”ื“ืจืš. ื”ืžืฉืš ืฆืคื•ื ื” ื•ื”ื”ืชื ื—ืœื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื•ืช ืฉืชืžืฆื ื ืžืฆืื•ืช ื‘ื—ื•ื’ ื”ืืจืงื˜ื™. ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื–ืŸ ืžืกื•ื™ื ืฉืœ ืื•ืคื™ ืฉื•ื˜ืฃ ื›ืืŸ, ื›ืžื• ื’ื•ืฉื™ื ื‘ืขื™ืงื•ืœ ืฉืœ ื ื”ืจ. ื‘ื›ืœ ืœื™ืœื” ื ืชื•ืŸ, ื‘ื‘ืืจื™ื ื›ืžื• ื”ื‘ื•ืจ ื‘ื‘ื•ืจืกื” ืฉืœ ื•ืกื˜ืžื™ื ืกื˜ืจ, ืกื‘ื™ืจ ืฉืชืฉืžืข ืกื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืžืขื•ืœื™ื ืžื—ื‘ืจื™ื ื›ืžื• ื“ืื ืงืŸ ืฉืคืจื™ื’ืก, ื‘ืขืœ ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ ืฉื™ืกืคืจ ืœืš ืขืœ ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืฉืจื›ื‘ ืขืœ ืกื•ืก ืžื•ื•ื ืงื•ื‘ืจ ืœืกืŸ ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื•. ืื• ืขืœ ื“ื ื” ืžื™ื™ื–, ืฉื—ืฆืชื” ืืช ืงื ื“ื” ืžืŸ ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก โ€‹โ€‹ื”ืื˜ืœื ื˜ื™ ืืœ ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก โ€‹โ€‹ื”ืฉืงื˜ ื•ื˜ื•ืขื ืช ื›ื™ ื ืœื—ืžื” ืœื ืคื—ื•ืช ืžืฉืœื•ืฉื” ื“ื•ื‘ื™ ื’ืจื™ื–ืœื™ ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ื“ืจืš.

ืื™ืŸ ื‘ืจ ืžืกื›ื ืืช ืจื•ื— ื“ื•ืกื•ืŸ ืžืžืฉ ื›ืžื• ืžืœื•ืŸ ื“ืื•ื ื˜ืื•ืŸ. ื”ืžืฉืงื” ื”ื—ืชื™ืžื” ื›ืืŸ ื”ื•ื ืงื•ืงื˜ื™ื™ืœ ืกื•ืจื˜ื•, ืžื•ื’ืฉ ืขื ื”ื‘ื•ื”ืŸ ื”ืื ื•ืฉื™ืช ื›ืจื•ืช ืืžื™ืชื™ ื ื—ื” ื‘ื•. ื“ื•ืกื•ืŸ ืื™ื ื• ืžืงื•ื ื”ื ื•ื’ืข ืœืชืงื ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื•ื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช. ื”ืกื™ืคื•ืจ ืžืชืจื—ืฉ ื‘ืชื—ื™ืœืช ืฉื ื•ืช ื”ืฉื‘ืขื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžืื” ื”ืชืฉืข-ืขืฉืจื”, ืื“ื ืฉืฉืžื• ืกืจืŸ ื“ื™ืง ืกื˜ื™ื‘ื ืกื•ืŸ ื‘ื ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ื‘ื•ื”ืŸ ืฉืœ ืขื˜ืœืฃ ืฉืœ ืชืงื•ืคืช ืื™ืกื•ืจ ืฉื”ื›ื™ืœื• ื‘ืฆื ืฆื ืช ืฉืœ ืจื•ื ืขื‘ื”. ื™ื•ืงื•ื ืจื™ื ืžืชื™ื™ื—ืกื™ื ืœื›ืœ ืžื™ ืฉืœื ื‘ื™ืœื” ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืจืฃ ื”ืงืฉื” ื›ืืŸ ื›ืžื• "cheechako", ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื›ืœ ืžื™ ืฉืฉืจื“ ืื—ื“ ื”ื•ืคืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช "ื—ืžื•ืฅ". ืงืคื˜ืŸ ื“ื™ืง ืงื‘ืข, ืฉื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืœืื™ืฉ-ื›ื‘ื•ื“ ืฉืœ ื›ื‘ื•ื“, ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื ืฉืง ืืช ื”"ืกืจื˜ื•". ืขื“ ื›ื”, ืžืขืœ 67,000 ื™ืฉ.

ื›ืžื• ื”ื›ื•ืจื™ื, ื’ื ื”ื ืขืจื•ืช ื”ืจื•ืงื“ื•ืช ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื›ืืŸ. ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืœื™ืœื•ืช ื‘ื“ื•ืกื•ืŸ ืžืกืชื™ื™ืžื™ื ื‘ืงื–ื™ื ื• ื“ื•ืช 'ื˜ื•ืช', ื”ืงื–ื™ื ื• ื”ื•ื•ืชื™ืง ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืงื ื“ื”, ื•ืžื‘ื™ืชื• ืฉืœ ืงืŸ-ืงืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื•ืคื™ืข ื‘ื”ื ื—ื™ื™ืช ื’ืจื˜ื™. ืื—ืช ืžื›ื•ื›ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืจื™ืงื•ื“ื™ื ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกืžื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืขื™ื“ืŸ ื”ืขื•ืžืก, ื”ื™ื ืžืฉื—ืงืช ื›ื™ื•ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืื™ื™ืžื™ ืกื•ืœื•ื•ืื™, ื–ืžืจืช ืžื ื•ื‘ื” ืกืงื•ื˜ื™ื” ืฉืขื‘ืจื” ืœื“ื•ืกื•ืŸ ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืžื•ื ื” ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืงื—ืช ืืช ื”ืชืคืงื™ื“.

"ื’ืจื˜ื™ ื”ื™ืชื” ืืฉื” ื—ื›ืžื”, ื•ื”ื™ื ื™ื“ืขื” ืžื” ื’ื‘ืจื™ื ืื•ื”ื‘ื™ื, ื•ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื’ื‘ืจื™ื ื‘ื•ื“ื“ื™ื: ืžืฉืงืื•ืช ื—ืจื™ืคื™ื, ื ืฉื™ื ื•ื”ื™ืžื•ืจื™ื. "ื”ื™ื ื”ื™ืชื” ื”ื‘ื—ื•ืจื” ื”ื›ื™ ื’ืจื•ืขื” ื‘- 1898, "ืื•ืžืจืช ืื™ื™ืžื™. "ื›ืฉืื ื™ ืžืชืขืจื‘ื‘ืช ืื—ืจื™ ื”ื”ื•ืคืขื•ืช ืื ื™ ืคื•ื’ืฉืช ืืช ื”ื›ื•ืจื™ื ื•ืžืจื’ื™ืฉื” ืฉืื ื™ ืžื•ืขื‘ืจืช ื‘ื—ื–ืจื”. ื”ื•ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื—ื™ ืžืื•ื“.

ืœื ื›ื•ืœื ื‘ืื™ื ืœื›ืืŸ ื‘ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื”ื–ื”ื‘, ืื‘ืœ ื™ืฉ ืœื” ื“ืจืš ืœืžืฉื•ืš ืื•ืชืš ืคื ื™ืžื”. ืœืกืœื™ ืฆ'ืคืžืŸ ื•ื‘ืขืœื” ื‘ื™ืœ ืจืง ืจืฆื• ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ืžื”ื˜ื‘ืœื” ื›ืฉื”ื ืขื‘ืจื• ืžืงืœื’ืจื™ ื‘ -1974 ื•ื‘ื ื• ืชื ืœื™ื“ ื’ื‘ื•ืœ ืืœืกืงื”. ืขื“ ืžื”ืจื” ื”ื ื”ื—ืœื• ืœืžืฆื•ื ืื‘ืง ื–ื”ื‘ ื•ืื—ืจื™ staking ื”ืชื‘ื™ืขื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื ื‘ื ื•ื™ ื‘ื™ืช ื“ื•ืกื•ืŸ ืฉื‘ื• ืœืกืœื™ ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ืขื•ื‘ื“ ื›ืžื• ืฆื•ืจืฃ ืขื•ืฉื” ืชื›ืฉื™ื˜ื™ื, ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืžืŸ ื”ืฉืœืœ ืฉืœ ืฉืœื™. ื™ืฉ ืœื” ืกื•ืœื ืืœืงื˜ืจื•ื ื™ ืขืœ ื”ื“ืœืคืง, ืžื“ื•ื™ืง 1/100 ืฉืœ ื’ืจื, ื•ื›ื•ืจื™ื ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืœืฉืœื ืœื” ืขื ืื‘ืง ืžืฉื•ืš ื‘ื›ื™ืกื™ื ืฉืœื”ื. ื–ื” ืœื ืžื” ืฉืžืจื—ื™ืง ืื•ืชื” ื›ืืŸ.

"ื”ื™ื•ืงื•ืŸ ืคื™ืจื•ืฉื• ื—ื•ืคืฉ, "ื”ื™ื ืื•ืžืจืช. "ื–ื• ื”ืกื™ื‘ื” ืฉื‘ื’ืœืœื” ื”ื’ืขืชื™. ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ืฉ ืœื ื• ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื”ืจื‘ื” ืงืจืงืขื•ืช ืคืชื•ื—ื•ืช, ืœืœื ื“ื•ืจืฉ, ื‘ืžืฆื‘ื” ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™. ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื”ืจื‘ื” ืื ืฉื™ื ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื›ื‘ืจ ืœื ืžืกื•ื’ืœื™ื ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ื›ื•ื›ื‘ื™ื. ื–ื• ืœื ื‘ืขื™ื” ื›ืืŸ ".

ื™ื•ืงื•ืŸ ื”ื•ื ืžืงื•ื ื˜ื•ื‘ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืื ืฉื™ื ืฉืื•ื”ื‘ื™ื ืžืจื—ื‘. ื”ืฉื˜ื— ืžืฉืชืจืข ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ืฉื˜ื— ืฉืœ ืคื™ ืฉื ื™ื™ื ืžืฉื˜ื— ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื ื™ื”, ืืš ืกืš ื›ืœ ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื™ืชื” ื”ื•ื ืจืง 37,000.ืžืขืœ 27,000 ืžืืœื” ื”ืžืชื’ื•ืจืจื™ื ื‘ื‘ื™ืจื”, ื•ื™ื™ื˜ื”ื•ืจืก, ืžืฉืื™ืจื™ื ืืช ื”ืฉืืจ ืœื”ืชืคื–ืจ ื‘ืขื™ื™ืจื•ืช ืงื˜ื ื•ืช, ื›ืคืจื™ื ื–ืขื™ืจื™ื ืื• ื‘ืงืชื•ืช ื‘ืžื“ื‘ืจ. ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ืฉื—ืฆื• ืืช ื”ื™ื•ืงื•ืŸ ื ืžืชื—ื™ื ืœืื•ืจืš ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจ ืื—ืจื™ ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจ ื“ืจืš ื™ืขืจื•ืช ืื™ื ืกื•ืคื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืืฉื•ื—ื™ืช, ืื•ืจืŸ ื•ืืฉื•ื—, ื•ื ื“ื™ืจ ืœืจืื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืงื•ืžืฅ ื ื•ืกืขื™ื. ืจืง ื›ืฉืืชื” ืžื’ื™ืข ืœืงืจืงืข ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื”, ืžืขืœ ืงื• ื”ืขืฅ, ืืชื” ื‘ืืžืช ืžืงื‘ืœ ืชื—ื•ืฉื” ืฉืœ ืงื ื” ื”ืžื™ื“ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžืงื•ื ื•ืขื“ ื›ืžื” ื”ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืžืขื˜ื™ื ืฉืืชื” ืขื•ื‘ืจ ื”ื ืžื›ืœ ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ื“ื•ืžื” ืœืขื™ืจ ืื• ืœืขื™ืจ.

ื–ื” ืื•ืชื• ื“ื‘ืจ ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœื’ื‘ื•ืœ. ื‘ืžืขืจื‘ ืžื“ื•ืกื•ืŸ ืœื•ืงื— ืื•ืชืš ืขืœ ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ื”ืขืœื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื›ื“ื™ ืขื•ืฃ, ืืœืกืงื”, ืขื•ื“ ื›ืจื™ื™ืช ื–ื”ื‘ ื”ืขื™ืจ. ื”ืžืชื ื—ืœื™ื ืชื›ื ื ื• ื‘ืชื—ื™ืœื” ืœื ืงื•ื‘ ื‘ืฉืžื•, ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื”ืจื‘ื” ืคื˜ืจืžื™ื’ื ื™ื ืฉื”ืชื’ื•ืจืจื• ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืืฃ ืื—ื“ ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืกื›ื™ื ืื™ืš ืœืื™ื™ืช 'ptarmigan', ื›ืš 'ืขื•ืฃ' ื ื‘ื—ืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ืžื‘ื•ื›ื”. ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื™ืฉ ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื™ื” ืฉืœ 50 ื‘ืงื™ืฅ, ื™ื•ืจื“ ืจืง ืืจื‘ืขื” ื‘ื—ื•ืจืฃ.

ืกื•ื–ืŸ Wiren ื”ื‘ืขืœื™ื ื•ื”ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ ืฆ'ื™ืงืŸ, โ€‹โ€‹ืจื—ื•ื‘ ืžื™ื ื™ืื˜ื•ืจื™ ื”ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ ืžื—ื ื•ืช, ืžืกื‘ืื” ื•ืงืคื” ืฆ'ื™ืงืŸ ืงืจื™ืง. ื”ื™ื ื‘ืื” ืœื›ืืŸ ืœืคื ื™ 28 ืฉื ื”, ื•ืฆื•ื—ืงืช ืขืœ ื ื”ื’ื™ ื” RV ืฉืขื•ื‘ืจื™ื ื“ืจืš ื”ืชืœื•ื ื•ืช ืขืœ ืชื ืื™ ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ื•ืžืฆืคื™ื ืœืžืฆื•ื ืื•ืช ื˜ืœืคื•ืŸ, Wi-Fi ืื• ื›ืกืคื•ืžื˜ื™ื. "ืื™ืŸ ืœื”ื ืžื•ืฉื’ ืื™ืš ื–ื”, "ื”ื™ื ืื•ืžืจืช. "ื™ืฉ ืœื ื• ื’ื ืจื˜ื•ืจ ืฉืžื™ื™ืฆืจ ืืช ื”ื—ืฉืžืœ ืฉืœื ื• ื•ืื ื—ื ื• ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืฉืœ 150 ืžื™ื™ืœ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืืกืคืงื”. ื›ืฉืืช ื’ืจื” ื›ืืŸ, ื”ื›ืœ ืœื•ื’ื™ืกื˜ื™ ืงืฉื” ".

ืืฃ ืื—ื“ ืœื ื™ื˜ืขืŸ ืฉื”ื—ื™ื™ื ื›ืืŸ ืงืœื™ื, ืื‘ืœ ื”ื•ื ืžืฆื™ืข ื”ื–ื“ืžื ื•ืช ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืฉืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื ื”ืฉืชื ื” ื‘ืžื™ื“ื” ืจื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื“ื™ ืื“ื. ืฉืœื•ืฉ ืžืื•ืช ื•ื—ืžื™ืฉื™ื ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจ ืžื“ืจื•ื ืœืฆ'ื™ืงืŸ, โ€‹โ€‹ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ืืœืกืงื” ื‘ื—ื–ืจื” ืœื™ื•ืงื•ืŸ, ืชืžืฆืื• ืืช ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ืงืœื•ื™ื ื”. ืฉืœื” 8,500 ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืจื‘ื•ืขื™ื ืฉืœ ืื“ืžื” ืžื•ื’ืŸ ื”ื•ื ื‘ื™ืชื ืฉืœ ื“ื•ื‘ื™ื ืฉื—ื•ืจื™ื ื•ื“ืœื™ืงื™ื, ื ืฉืจื™ื ืงื™ืจื—, caribou ื• ื‘ืจื ื˜ ืœื™ื“ืœ, ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื˜ื‘ืข ื• ืฉื‘ื™ืœ.

ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ื™ื” ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™ ืฉืœ ื‘ืจื ื˜, ืžืื– ื”ื•ืฆื‘ ื‘ืขื™ื™ืจื” ืงื˜ื ื” ืฉืœ ืฆื•ืžืช ื”ื™ื™ื ืก ื‘ -1975 ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืคืืจืงื™ื ืงื ื“ื” ื•ื”ื•ื ื”ืงื“ื™ืฉ ืืช ื—ื™ื™ื• ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ื–ื”. "ื›ืฉื”ื’ืขืชื™ ืœื›ืืŸ ื”ื™ืชื” ืœื™ ื”ืจื’ืฉื” ืฉืื ื™ ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ื”ืขื•ืœื, "ื”ื•ื ืื•ืžืจ, "ืื‘ืœ ื›ื›ืœ ืฉืืชื” ื’ืจ ื›ืืŸ, ืืชื” ืžืื‘ื“ ืืช ืชื—ื•ืฉืช ื”ื‘ื™ื“ื•ื“. ืืชื” ืขืกื•ืง ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืงื”ื™ืœื” ืžืจื•ื—ืงืช ืžืืฉืจ ื”ื™ื™ืช ื‘ืขื™ืจ ืฉื‘ื” ื”ื›ืœ ืžืกื•ืคืง ืœืš. ื™ืฉ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืื ืฉื™ื ื‘ื•ื“ื“ื™ื ื‘ืขืจื™ื ".

ื‘ืงืœื•ืืŸ, ืืชื” ืžืงื‘ืœ ืžื•ืฉื’ ืื™ืš ื›ืœ ื™ื•ืงื•ืŸ ื”ื™ื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืื ืืฃ ืื—ื“ ืœื ื”ื™ื” ืคืขื ืคื’ืข ื‘ื–ื”ื‘. ื”ื”ืจื™ื ื”ืžืชื ืฉืื™ื ืžืขืœ ืื’ืžื™ ื”ืงืจื— ื ืจืื™ื ื›ืคื™ ืฉืขืฉื• ื‘ื•ื•ื“ืื™ ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื—ืœื•ืฆื™ื ืขืฉื• ืืช ื“ืจื›ื ื‘ื™ื ื™ื”ื. Kluane ื”ื•ื ื‘ื™ืชื• ืฉืœ ืคืกื’ื” ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืงื ื“ื”, ื”ืจ ื”ืœื•ื’ืŸ ืžื•ืงืฃ ืฉืœื’. ื”ื•ื ืขื•ืœื” 19,525 ืจื’ืœ ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ืงืจื— ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืื™ื ื• ืงื•ื˜ื‘ื™ ื‘ืขื•ืœื, ืื–ื•ืจ ืงืจื—ื•ื ื™ ืฉื‘ื• ื”ืื ื•ืฉื•ืช ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื“ื•ืจืš ืœืขืชื™ื ื ื“ื™ืจื•ืช.

ื”ื“ืจืš ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื” ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืžืจื—ื‘ ื”ืขืฆื•ื ืฉืœ ื”ืืจืฅ ื”ื‘ืœืชื™-ืกืœื—ื ื™ืช ื”ื–ื• ื”ื™ื ืžืŸ ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจ. ื™ืฉ ืคืกื’ื•ืช ื‘ืงืœื•ืืŸ ืฉืžืขื•ืœื ืœื ื ืจืื• ื‘ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื ืื ื•ืฉื™ื•ืช ืขื“ ืœื˜ื™ืกื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ืช ื”ื’ื™ืื•ื’ืจืคื™ืช ืขืœ ืฉื“ื•ืช ื”ืงืจื— ื‘ -1935, ื•ืจื‘ื™ื ืžื”ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืื™ื ื ืžื–ื•ื”ื™ื. ืœืคืขืžื™ื ื”ืงืจื— ืžืฆื™ืข ื—ืคืฆื™ื ืžืฉื•ืžืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ื”ืงื“ื•ืžื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื–ืจื™ืงืช ื—ื ื™ืชื•ืช, ื›ืœื™ ืื‘ืŸ ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืขืฆืžื•ืช ืื“ื ื”ืฉื™ื™ื›ื•ืช ืœืฉืžืคื ื™ื” ื•ืœืื™ืฉื™ืง ืจืืฉื•ืŸ.

"ืื ืฉื™ื ืฉื—ื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ืฉื”ื™ื•ืงื•ืŸ ื”ื•ื ื”ื›ื•ืœ ืขืœ ื”ื‘ื”ืœื” ืœื–ื”ื‘ ืžืกืชื›ืœื™ื ื‘ื• ืžื‘ืขื“ ืœืขื“ืฉื” ืฆืจื”, "ืžืฆื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ืจื ื˜. "ื–ื• ื”ื™ืชื” ืชืงื•ืคื” ืžืขื ื™ื™ื ืช, ืื‘ืœ ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืื•ืžื•ืช ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืงื“ืžื” ืœื” ื‘ -10,000 ืฉื ื™ื".

ืขื ื–ืืช, ื’ื ื‘ ืงืœื•ืืŸ ื”ื‘ื”ืœื” ืœื–ื”ื‘ ื”ืฉืื™ืจ ืืช ื—ื•ืชืžื•. Unignposted ืœื™ื“ ื’ื“ื•ืช ืื’ื Kluane ื”ื™ื ืกื™ืœื‘ืจ ืกื™ื˜ื™, ืคืขื ืขืžื“ื” ื”ื–ืžื ื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื—ื•ืชืžื•ืช ื ืกื™ืขื” ืฆืคื•ื ื” ื“ื•ืกื•ืŸ. ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื–ื• ืขื™ืจ ืจืคืื™ื ืืžื™ืชื™ืช, ืฉื‘ื” ืคื—ื™ื•ืช ื—ืœื•ื“ื•ืช ื•ื–ื›ื•ื›ื™ืช ืฉื‘ื•ืจื” ืžืชืคืจืงื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืื“ืžื” ื•ืขืฆื™ื ืžืชืคืชืœื™ื ื“ืจืš ื”ื‘ืงืชื•ืช ื”ืžืชืคื•ืจืจื•ืช, ื›ืฉื”ื˜ื‘ืข ืžื—ื–ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืื“ืžื” ื‘ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ื•ืช.

ืกื™ืœื‘ืจ ืกื™ื˜ื™ ื”ื™ืชื” ืจืง ืชื—ื ื” ืื—ืช ื‘ืžืกืข ืฉื”ื™ื” ืืžื•ืจ ืœื”ื™ืžืฉืš ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื ื‘- 1898. ืจื•ื‘ ืืœื” ืฉื”ืฆื˜ืจืคื• ืœ"ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื–ื”ื‘" ืœืงื—ื• ืกืคื™ื ื•ืช ืงื™ื˜ื•ืจ ืžืกืŸ ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื• ื•ืžืกื™ืื˜ืœ ืขื“ ืœื ืžืœ ืกืงืื’ื•ื•ื™, ืืœืกืงื”, ืฉื”ืฉืชืจืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ืžืื•ื ื™ื™ื”. ืžืฉื ื”ื ืขืžื“ื• ื‘ืคื ื™ ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื‘ื•ื’ื“ื ื™ ืœื‘ื ื˜ ื‘ืงื•ืœื•ืžื‘ื™ื” ื”ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื™ืช. ื”ื ื‘ื ื• ืกื™ืจื•ืช ืœืžืกืข ืฉืœ 500 ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจ ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ืื’ืžื™ื, ื”ื ื”ืจื•ืช ื•ื”ืžืคืœื™ื ื”ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื™ื ืขื“ ื“ื•ืกื•ืŸ.

ื”ื™ื• ืฉื ื”ืจื‘ื” ืื ืฉื™-ืžืœื•ื ืื•ืช ืื•ืคื•ืจื˜ื•ื ื™ืกื˜ื™ื ื•ืฉื•ืžืจื™-ืžื’ื•ืจื™ื ื‘ื‘ื ื˜, ืฉื›ืžื• ื’'ื•ื–ืฃ ืœื“ื•, ื™ืฆืื• ืœืจื•ื•ื— ืžื–ืจื ื”ืื ืฉื™ื. ื‘ื™ื ื™ื”ื ื”ื™ื” ืžื”ื’ืจ ื’ืจืžื ื™ ื‘ืฉื ืคืจื“ ื˜ืจืืžืค, ืกื‘ื• ืฉืœ ื“ื•ื ืœื“, ืฉืžืฉืคื—ืชื• ืฉื™ื ืชื” ืืช ืฉื ืžืฉืคื—ืชื ืžื”ื“ืจืืžืคืฃ ื”ืžืฉื›ื ืข ืคื—ื•ืช. ื”ื•ื ื ื™ื”ืœ ืืช ืžืœื•ืŸ ืืจืงื˜ื™ืง, ืืฉืจ ืขืœ ืคื™ ืจื•ื‘ ื”ื‘ื™ื•ื’ืจืคื™ื (ืžื‘ื•ืกืก ืขืœ ืžื›ืชื‘ื™ื ืœืขื™ืชื•ืŸ ื™ื•ืงื•ืŸ ืกืืŸ ื•ืžืงื•ืจื•ืช ืื—ืจื™ื) ื”ื™ื” ืจื•ื•ื™ ื–ื ื•ืช. ื”ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื• ืกื™ื™ืขื” ืœื”ืคื•ืš ื˜ืจืืžืค ืืช ื”ื•ื ื•. "ื–ื” ื—ื‘ืœ", ืื•ืžืจ ื‘ืจื ื˜, "ืฉืื™ืฉ ืœื ืฉื“ื“ ืื•ืชื• ืื–".

ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ืืœื”, ื”ื”ืžื•ื ื™ื ืฉื”ืคื›ื• ืืช ื˜ืจืืžืค ืขืฉื™ืจื™ื ื ืขืœืžื• ืžื–ืžืŸ. ื‘ืจื ื˜ ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœ ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ื“ืจืš ื—ืœืงื™ื ืฉืœ Kluane ืฉื‘ื• ื–ื” ืœื ื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื ืืœื ื“ื•ื‘ื™ื, ืžื’ืจื“ ืืช ื”ื’ื‘ ืฉืœื”ื ืขืœ ืขืฆื™ื, ืืฉืจ ื”ืฉืื™ืจื• ืืช ื—ื•ืชืžื. ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ื“ืจืš ื”ื•ื ืžืคืกื™ืง ืœื”ืฆื‘ื™ืข ืขืœ ืื™ืœื• ืคื˜ืจื™ื•ืช ื•ื’ืจื’ืจื™ื ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืื›ื•ืœ ื‘ื‘ื˜ื—ื”.

ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืฉืžืฉ ื ืขืœืžืช ืžืื—ื•ืจื™ ื”ื”ืจื™ื ื”ืื•ืจ ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืžืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืžื’ื™ืข ืžืŸ ื”ืฉืžืฉ ืฉืœื• ื”ืžื•ืคืขืœ ื‘ืงืชื” ื‘ื™ืขืจ. ื‘ืขืจื‘ ื”ื“ื•ืžื ืงืœ ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืžื“ื•ืข ื’'ืง ืœื•ื ื“ื•ืŸ ื›ื™ื ื” ืืช ืื—ื“ ืžืกืคืจื™ื• ืฉืœ ื™ื•ืงื•ืŸ ืงืจื™ืืช ื”ื˜ื‘ืข. ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื–ื” ื–ื”ื‘, ื–ื” ืงื•ืจืื™ื ื›ื™ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืฉื•ืื‘ ืืช ืžื™ ืฉื•ืžืข ืืช ื–ื” ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ื›ืืŸ. "ื”ื™ื•ืงื•ืŸ", ื›ืคื™ ืฉืžื ืกื— ื–ืืช ื‘ืจื ื˜, "ื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืืช ืื ืฉื™ื”".

ื›ื›ืœ ืฉื”ืœื™ืœื” ื ื›ื ืก ืคื ื™ืžื”, ื”ื‘ืงืชื” ืขื˜ื•ืคื” ื‘ืžืขื™ืŸ ืืคืœื” ืžื•ืฉืœืžืช ืฉืื™ื ื” ืืคืฉืจื™ืช ื‘ืขื™ื™ืจื•ืช ืื• ื‘ืขืจื™ื.ืื™ืŸ ืื•ืจื•ืช ื’ืœื•ื™ื™ื ื‘ืฉื•ื ืžืงื•ื ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ืื“ืžื”, ืื‘ืœ ื”ืฉืžื™ื ืžืขืœ ื ื•ืฆืฅ ื‘ืื‘ืง ื–ื”ื‘.

ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ื”ื•ืคื™ืข ื‘ืžื”ื“ื•ืจืช ื“ืฆืžื‘ืจ 2016 ืฉืœ Lonely Planet Traveller Magazine (ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื ื™ื”). ื”ื™ืจืฉื ื›ืืŸ ืื• ื”ื•ืจื“ ืืช ื”ืžื”ื“ื•ืจื” ื”ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ืช ืฉืœืš ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื‘- iTunes ืื• ื‘- Google Play.

ืงื•ื•ื™ืŸ EG ืคืจื™ ื ืกืข ืœืฆืคื•ืŸ ืืžืจื™ืงื” ืขื ืชืžื™ื›ื” ืฉืœ travelyukon.com. Lonely Planet ืชื•ืจืžื™ื ืœื ืžืงื‘ืœื™ื freebies ืชืžื•ืจืช ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ื—ื™ื•ื‘ื™.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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