ื”ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ื ื•ื”ื’ื™ื ื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืคื•ืจื˜ืœื ื“

ื”ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ื ื•ื”ื’ื™ื ื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืคื•ืจื˜ืœื ื“

ืคื•ืจื˜ืœื ื“ ื™ื“ื•ืขื” ื‘ื–ื›ื•ืช ื”ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื•ื”ืžืฉืงื” ื”ืžืฆื•ื™ื ื™ื ืฉืœื”, ืื‘ืœ - ื‘ืฉืžื—ื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืงื• ื”ืžื•ืชื ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื ื•ืกืข - ื‘ืขื™ืจ ื™ืฉ ื’ื ืื•ืกืฃ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืœ ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื ื ื’ื™ืฉื™ื ื‘ืงืœื•ืช, ืคืืจืงื™ื ื•ื’ื ื™ื ืื™ื“ื™ืืœื™ื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืืœื” ืงืœื•ืจื™ื•ืช ื ื•ืกืคื•ืช. ืื– ืงื“ื™ืžื”, ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืืช ืฆ'ื™ื–ื‘ื•ืจื’ืจ ื—ื–ื™ืจ ื‘ื˜ืŸ ืœืชืคื•ืก ืขื•ื“ IPA: ืื™ื–ื” ืชื™ืจื•ืฅ ื˜ื•ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื—ืคืฉ ื›ืžื” ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ื ื•ื’ื ื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืคื•ืจื˜ืœื ื“?

ืคื•ืจื˜ืœื ื“ ืคื ื’ ืฉื•ืื™

ื”ืชื—ื™ืœื• ืืช ื”ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉื™ื ืฉืœื›ื ื‘ื’ื ื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืคื•ืจื˜ืœื ื“ ืžืžืฉ ื‘ืœื‘ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ืขืชื™ืงื”, ืฉื ืชืžืฆืื• ืืช ื’ืŸ ื”ืกื™ื ื™ื Lan Su ื”ืกื™ื ื™, ื ื•ื•ื” ืžื“ื‘ืจ ืื—ื“ ืขื ื‘ืจื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ืžืฉืงืคื•ืช, ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื ืžืชืคืชืœื™ื ื•ื‘ื™ืช ืชื” ืžืกื•ืจืชื™. ื ื—ืฉื‘ ืœืื—ื“ ื”ื’ื ื™ื ื”ืกื™ื ื™ื ื”ืื•ืชื ื˜ื™ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœืกื™ืŸ, Lan Su ื”ื•ื ืชื•ืฆืื” ืฉืœ ืฉื™ืชื•ืฃ ืคืขื•ืœื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ืคื•ืจื˜ืœื ื“ ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ืขื™ืจ ืื—ื•ืชื• ืกื•ื– 'ื•, ื‘ืžื—ื•ื– ื’' ื™ืื ื’ืกื• ื‘ืกื™ืŸ. ื”ื˜ืื• ืฉืœ ืชื” ืชื” (lansugarden.org/about-the-garden/teahouse), ื‘ืžื’ื“ืœ ื”ืงื•ืกืžื™ืช ื”ืฉืชืงืคื•ืช, ืžืชืžืงื“ ืกื—ืจ ื”ื•ื’ืŸ, ืชื” ืื•ืจื’ื ื™ ื•ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ื•ืช ืœื”ื›ื ืช ืชื” ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ ืœืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืกื™ืŸ. ื–ื” ื”ื–ืžืŸ ื”ื ื›ื•ืŸ ื•ืืชื” ืขืœื•ืœ ืœืชืคื•ืก ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช ื—ื™ื ื•ื›ื™ืช ืขืœ ืคื ื’ ืฉื•ืื™, ื˜ืื™ ืฆ 'ื™ ืื• ืฆื™ื•ืจ ืžื‘ืจืฉืช ืกื™ื ื™ืช ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืฉืืชื” ื›ืืŸ.

ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื“ืจืš ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืฉืœ ื™ืขืจ ืคืืจืง

ื›ืืฉืจ ืคื•ืจื˜ืœื ื“ืจืก ืžื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืขืœ ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ืื• ืจื™ืฆืช ืžืกืœื•ืœ, ื”ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืžื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืขืœ ื™ืขืจ ืคืืจืง, ืฉื˜ื— 5100 ื“ื•ื ื ื™ืจื•ืง ืขืœ ื”ืฆื“ ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ, ืืฉืจ ืžื›ื™ืœ ื› -70 ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ woodsy. ืื—ื“ ืžืžืืคื™ื™ื ื™ ื”ืขื™ืจ, ืคื•ืจืกื˜ ืคืืจืง ื ืžืฆื ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืžืื– 1903, ื›ืืฉืจ ืžื ื”ื™ื’ื™ื ืื–ืจื—ื™ื™ื ื‘ื—ื•ืฅ ืฉื›ืจื• ืืช ื’ 'ื•ืŸ ืฆ' ืืจืœืก Olmsted, ืžืขืฆื‘ ืคืืจืง ืžืกืฆ 'ื•ืกื˜ืก, ื›ื“ื™ ืœื—ืœื•ื ืขืœ ืฉื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ืฉื˜ื—ื™ื ื™ืจื•ืงื™ื. ืื•ืœืžืกื˜ื“ ืจืฆื” ืœื”ืฉืื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื”ืžืงื•ืฉืจื™ื ืคืจื•ืขื™ื ื•ืœื ืžื˜ื•ืคื—ื™ื, ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื• ื”ืคื›ื” ืœืžื’ืจืฉ ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื.

ื ืงื•ื“ืช ื”ื›ื ื™ืกื” ื”ื ื•ื—ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื™ื ื“ืจืš ืฉื‘ื™ืœ Macleay ืชื—ืชื•ืŸ, ื‘ NW 29ื” ืฉื“ืจืช ืจื—ื•ื‘ ืื•ืคืฉื•ืจ. ื‘ trailhead, ื™ืฉ ืžื’ืจืฉ ื—ื ื™ื” ืงื˜ืŸ ื‘ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ื, ื•ืืช ื”ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื”ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ ืžืชื—ื™ืœ ืฉื˜ื•ื— ื™ื—ืกื™ืช, ืงืœ ื•ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ ืœื™ืœื“ื™ื. ื‘ืชื•ืš ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจ ื•ื—ืฆื™, ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœื‘ื™ืช ื”ืื‘ืŸ, ืฉื ื‘ื ื” ื‘ืฉื ืช 1929 ื›ืื–ื•ืจ ืžื ื•ื—ื”, ืื‘ืœ ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื—ื•ืจื‘ืŸ ืžืคื—ื™ื“, ืžื›ื•ืกื” ื˜ื—ื‘. ืžื›ืืŸ, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืชืœื•ืช ืงืฉื” ื™ืžื™ื ื” ื‘ืžืขืœื” ื”ื”ืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืฆื˜ืจืฃ ืฉื‘ื™ืœ Wildwood ื›ืžืขื˜ ื›ืœ ืขื•ื“ ืืชื” ืื•ื”ื‘ (ืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื‘ืฆืข ืžืคื”), ืื• ืœื”ืžืฉื™ืš ื™ืฉืจ (ื’ื ืœืื•ืจืš Wildwood) ื›ื“ื™ ื”ืจื•ื— ื”ื“ืจืš ืฉืœืš ืขื“ ืคื™ื˜ื•ืง ืื—ื•ื–ื”. ื ืชื™ื‘ Pittock Mansion ื”ื•ื ื˜ื™ืคื•ืก ื™ืฆื™ื‘ 2.5 ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจ ื›ื™ ื‘ื•ื•ื“ืื™ ืœื”ืจื•ื•ื™ื— ืœืš ืงื™ื ื•ื—, ืขื ื ื•ืฃ ืืคื™ ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื›ื‘ื•ื ื•ืก.

ื”ืฉื˜ื— ื›ืืŸ ื”ื™ื” ื‘ืžืงื•ืจ ื”ืชื™ื™ืฉื‘ื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื“ื ืคื•ืจื“ Balch, ืฉื”ืคืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื”ืื“ื ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื‘ืื•ืจื’ื•ืŸ ื ื™ื“ื•ืŸ ืœืžื•ื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืชืœื•ื™ื™ื. ื‘ -1858 ื‘ืจื—ื” ื‘ืชื• ื‘ืช ื” -16 ืขื ื™ื“ ื”ื—ื•ื•ื”, ืžื•ืจื˜ื™ืžืจ ืกื˜ืืžืค (ื›ืŸ, ื‘ืืžืช), ื•ื›ืฉื‘ืืš ื”ืœืš ืœืืกื•ืฃ ืื•ืชื” ื”ื•ื ื‘ื˜ืขื•ืช ื™ืจื” ืœืžื•ื•ืช. ื”ื ื—ืœ ื”ืขื•ื‘ืจ ืœืฆื“ ื”ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื ื•ืฉื ืืช ืฉืžื• ืฉืœ ื‘ืืœืฅ'.

ื’ื ื™ ืคืจื—ื™ื ื•ื™ืคืŸ ื–ืŸ

ืืชื” ืœื ืžืžืฉ ื‘ื™ืงืจ ื‘ืคื•ืจื˜ืœื ื“ ืขื“ ืฉื”ืกืชื›ืœืช ืขืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ ืžืžืจื•ืžื™ ื”ื’ืŸ ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืžื‘ื—ืŸ ืจื•ื–, ื‘ืชื•ืš ืคืืจืง ื•ื•ืฉื™ื ื’ื˜ื•ืŸ, ืฉื‘ื• ื™ื•ืชืจ ืž -10,000 ืฉื™ื—ื™ ื•ืจื“ื™ื ืœืคืจื•ื— ืžืžืื™ ืขื“ ืกืคื˜ืžื‘ืจ. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื–ื” ื‘ื“ืจืš ื”ืงืฉื” ืื• ื‘ื“ืจืš ื”ืงืœื”. ื”ื“ืจืš ื”ืงืœื” ื”ื™ื ืœื ืกื•ืข ืขื“ ืจื—ื•ื‘ Burnside ื›ื“ื™ Kingston Ave ื•ืคืืจืง ื‘ืžื’ืจืฉ ืœื™ื“ ืžื’ืจืฉื™ ื”ื˜ื ื™ืก. (ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ื ื•ืกืคืช: ืœืงื—ืช ืืช ื”ืจื›ื‘ืช ื”ืงืœื” ืžืงืก ืืœ ืชื—ื ืช ืคืืจืง ื•ื•ืฉื™ื ื’ื˜ื•ืŸ ื•ืคืขืœ ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื ืžื™ื•ืขืจื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ 1.7 ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืœื’ืŸ ื•ืจื“ื™ื.) ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื’ื ืื•ืคื ื™ื™ื ืžืžืจื›ื– ื”ืขื™ืจ ืื• ืฆืคื•ืŸ ืžืขืจื‘ ืคื•ืจื˜ืœื ื“. ืื‘ืœ ืื•ืœื™ ื”ื“ืจืš ื”ื™ืคื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื™ื ื‘ืจื’ืœ: ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ื‘ืกื•ืฃ SW ืคืืจืง ืžืงื•ื (ื‘ SW Sacajawea ืฉื“ืจื•ื’, ืื•ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืก 63 ืขื•ืฆืจ ื›ืืŸ) ื•ืœื˜ืคืก ื‘ืžื“ืจื’ื•ืช ืžืจืฉื™ื. ื•ืื– ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื“ืจื›ืš ืœืื•ืจืš ืฉื‘ื™ืœ MAC ืขื“ ืœื’ืŸ ื•ืจื“ื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืชืฆื•ื’ื•ืช ืžื“ื”ื™ื ื’ื™ืฉื” ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ.

ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืฉืืชื ื‘ืคืืจืง ื•ื•ืฉื™ื ื’ื˜ื•ืŸ, ืืœ ืชื—ืžื™ืฆื• ืืช ื”ื’ืŸ ื”ื™ืคื ื™ ื”ื™ืคื”, ื ืกื™ื’ื” ืจื’ื•ืขื” ื•ืฉืงื˜ื” ืžืœืื” ื‘ืฆืžื—ื™ื™ื” ืขื‘ื•ืชื”, ืชื›ื•ื ื•ืช ืžื™ื ื•ื’ืŸ ื–ืŸ. ื”ืจื—ื‘ืช ืžื™ืœื™ืืจื“ื™ ื“ื•ืœืจื™ื ื ืžืฆืืช ื›ืขืช ื‘ืขื‘ื•ื“ื•ืช ื•ืชื›ืคื™ืœ ืืช ื’ื•ื“ืœ ื”ื’ืŸ ืขื“ ืืคืจื™ืœ 2017.

ืื ืœื ื”ื™ื” ืœืš ืžื™ืœื•ื™ ืฉืœ overlandundance ืฉืœ ืคื•ืจื˜ืœื ื“ ืฉืœ ื’ื™ื ื•ืช ืคืจื—ื™ื ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื™ื, ืจืืฉ ืืœ ืงืจื™ืกื˜ืœ ืกืคืจื™ื ื’ืก Rhododendron ื’ืŸ ื‘ื—ืœืง ื”ื“ืจื•ื ืžื–ืจื—ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ. ืžืกื•ืฃ ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ืžืืจืก ืื• ื‘ืชื—ื™ืœืช ืืคืจื™ืœ ื•ืขื“ ืกื•ืฃ ื”ืงื™ืฅ, ืฉื™ื—ื™ ื”ืจื•ื“ื•ื“ื ื“ืจื•ืŸ ื”ืขืฆื•ืžื™ื ืฉืœื” ืžืชืคื•ืฆืฆื™ื ืœืžืขืฉื” ืขื ื›ืชืžื™ ืฆื‘ืข ื—ื™ื™ื, ื•ื™ืฉ ื‘ืœื’ื•ื ื” ืžืœืื” ื‘ืจื•ื•ื–ื™ื ืœืชื™ื ื•ืงื•ืช ื‘ืื‘ื™ื‘. ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ืžื•ืฆืœ ื™ืคื” ื“ืจืš ื”ื’ืŸ ืขื•ืฉื” ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืงืœ, ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ ืœื™ืœื“ื™ื ืขื ืกืฆื ื•ืช ืชืžื•ื ื” ืžื•ืฉืœืžืช ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื›ืœ ืขื™ืงื•ืœ.

ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ืœื˜ื™ื™ืงื™ื

ืื ืืชื” ื ื•ืกืข ืขื ื™ืœื“ื™ื, ืขื•ื“ ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื”ื™ื Tryon ืงืจื™ืง ืžื“ื™ื ืช ื˜ื‘ืข ืฉื˜ื—. ื™ืฉ ืœื• ื‘ืขืจืš ืฉืžื•ื ื” ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื, ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ืžื”ื ืžืจื•ืฆืคื™ื ืื•ืคื ื™ื™ื ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™, ืžืชืคืชืœ ื“ืจืš ืฉื˜ื— ืžื™ื•ืขืจ 658 ื“ื•ื ื ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ืคื•ืจื˜ืœื ื“. ื™ืฉ ืžืจื›ื– ื˜ื‘ืข ื‘ืืชืจ ื•ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช ื—ื™ื ื•ื›ื™ืช ืคืขื™ืœื” ืœื™ืœื“ื™ื "ื’'ื•ื ื™ื•ืจ ืจื™ื™ื ื’'ืจ", ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ืžื•ื“ืจื›ื™ื ื‘ืจืžื•ืช ืงื•ืฉื™ ืžืฉืชื ื•ืช, ื•ื”ืจื‘ื” ื”ื–ื“ืžื ื•ื™ื•ืช ืœืœืžื•ื“ ืขืœ ื”ื—ื™ ื•ื”ืฆื•ืžื— ืฉืœ ื”ืื–ื•ืจ.

ืืคื™ืœื• ืงืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืžืžืจื›ื– ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ื•ื ื”ืจ ื˜ืื‘ื•ืจ, ื”ืจ ื’ืขืฉ ืจื“ื•ื ืฉื•ื‘ืœ ื‘ืžืขืจื‘ ืฉืœ ืžื’ื•ืจื™ื ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ืžื–ืจื— ืคื•ืจื˜ืœื ื“.ื–ื” ื”ืจืจื™ ืžืกืคื™ืง ื›ื“ื™ ืœืืคืฉืจ ืœืš ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ื–ื™ืขื”, ืื ื›ื™ ื™ืฉ ื’ื ื”ืจื‘ื” ื’ื™ืฉื•ืช ืขื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื”ืขืœื™ื•ืŸ. ืชื‘ื™ื ืคื™ืงื ื™ืง ื•ืคืœื•ืค ืœืžื˜ื” ื‘ืขืฉื‘ ื‘ืฉืงื™ืขื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื ื•ืฃ ื ืฉื’ื‘ ืฉืœ ืฉื“ืจื•ืช ื”ื•ืช'ื•ืจืŸ ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื™ ื”ืจื—ื•ื‘ ืคืขื™ืœ. ื™ืฉ ื’ื ืžื’ืจืฉ ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื, ืกื“ืจื” ืฉืœ ืงื•ื ืฆืจื˜ื™ื ื‘ื—ื•ืฅ ื‘ืงื™ืฅ, ืขืฅ ืžื–ื”ื” ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ืžื•ื“ืจื›ื™ื, ื•, ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ืื•ื’ื•ืกื˜, ืคื•ืจื˜ืœื ื“ ืœืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื ืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื ืกื‘ื•ืŸ ื“ืจื‘ื™.

ื’ืžืจ ื’ืžืจ, "ืงื•ืœื•ืžื‘ื™ื” ืจื™ื‘ืจ ื’ื•ืจื’" ื•ืžืคืœื™ ืžื•ืœื ื•ืžื”

ืžื” ื“ืขืชืš ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ืžื›ื•ืกื” ื›ืœ ื”ืืžื•ืจ ืœืขื™ืœ ืžื•ื›ื ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ? ืคื•ืจื˜ืœื ื“ ืงืจื•ื‘ ืœื”ืคืœื™ื ื”ืคืœืื•ืช ื‘ื—ื•ืฅ ื›ื™ ื”ื•ื ื ื”ืจ ืงื•ืœื•ืžื‘ื™ื” Gorge. ื‘ืชื•ืš ืคื—ื•ืช ืž 40 ื“ืงื•ืช ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืขืœ ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื“ืจืš ื”ืขืจื•ืฅ ื›ื™ ืขื•ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ (ืื• ืžืื—ื•ืจื™) ื—ืฆื™ ืชืจื™ืกืจ ืžืคืœื™ื ืžืจื”ื™ื‘ื™ื. ื–ื” ืงืฉื” ืœื”ืฉืชื‘ืฉ ื›ืืŸ, ืื‘ืœ ืžืงื•ื ื˜ื•ื‘ ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ื”ื•ื ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื›ื“ื™ Latourell ืคื•ืœืก. ื–ื” ืงืœ ืื‘ืœ ืžืชื’ืžืœ 2 ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจ ืฉื•ื‘ืœ ืœืžืคืœืก Laturell ื”ืขืœื™ื•ืŸ; ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ืžืคืœืกื™ื ื”ื ืžื•ื›ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืžื’ืจืฉ ื”ื—ื ื™ื™ื” ืฉืœ ื”ื˜ืจื™ืœื”ื“. (ืงื— ืืช ื”ื™ืฆื™ืื” 22 ืื• 28 ืืช I-84 ื•ืคืขืœ ืœืคื™ ื”ืฉื™ืœื•ื˜ ื›ื“ื™ trailhead.) ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื–ื” ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขืกื•ืง, ื–ื” ื›ืžืขื˜ ื—ื•ื‘ื” ืœืขืฆื•ืจ ืืช ืžืคืœื™ ืื™ืงื•ื ื™ ืื˜ืœื ื˜ื™ ื’ื ื›ืŸ. ื ื—ืžื“ 4.8 ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจ ืœื•ืœืื” ืฉื•ื‘ืœ ืœื•ืงื— ืื•ืชืš ืžืขืœ ื•ืžืขืœ Multnomah ืคื•ืœืก ื•ื—ื–ืจื” ืืœ ื•ื•ื”ืงื™ื ื” ืคื•ืœืก, ืขื•ื‘ืจ ืคื™ื•ืช ืคื•ืœืก ื•ืขื•ื“ ื›ืžื” ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช ืขื™ืงืจื™ื•ืช ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ื“ืจืš.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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