ืจืืก ืืœ Khaimah: ื”ืงืฉื” ืขืœ ื”ืจื•ื— ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ืช

ืจืืก ืืœ Khaimah: ื”ืงืฉื” ืขืœ ื”ืจื•ื— ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ืช

ืื™ื—ื•ื“ ื”ืืžื™ืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ื•ืช (ืื™ื—ื•ื“ ื”ืืžื™ืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ื•ืช) ื”ื•ื ืื—ื“ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื”ืฉืœื•ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืžื–ืจื— ื”ืชื™ื›ื•ืŸ - ืจื›ื–ืช ืขืฉื™ืจื” ื•ื™ืฆื™ื‘ื” ื”ืžืชืคืชื—ืช ื‘ืงืฆื‘ ืžื“ื”ื™ื. ื–ื• ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืฆืขื™ืจื”, ืฉื ื•ืกื“ื” ืจืง ื‘ -1971 ื›ืคื“ืจืฆื™ื” ืฉืœ ืฉื‘ืข ืืžื™ืจื•ืช, ืืฉืจ ื‘ื“ื•ื‘ืื™-ื”ืฉืชื•ืงืงื•ืช ื‘ื“ื•ื‘ืื™ ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืœื•ื›ื“ืช ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื›ื•ืชืจื•ืช. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืจืง ื ืกื™ืขื” ืฉืœ ืฉืขื” ืžืŸ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ื–ืืช ื–ื•ื”ืจ, ืืžื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™ืช ืจืืก ืืœ Khaimah (ืงืฆืจ: RAK) ืžื—ื‘ืจ ืืช ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืขื ื—ื•ื•ื™ื” ืขืจื‘ื™ืช ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ืื•ืชื ื˜ื™.

ืื™ืŸ ืžืงื•ื ื‘ืืจืฅ ื”ื ื•ืฃ ื”ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืŸ ื”ืชืขืจื•ื‘ืช ื”ืžืคืชื” ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืคื™ื ื—ื•ืœื™ื™ื, ืœื’ื•ื ื•ืช ืจื—ื‘ื•ืช ื™ื“ื™ื™ื, ื™ืขืจื•ืช ืžื ื’ืจื•ื‘ื™ื, ืžื“ื‘ืจ, ืžืขื™ื™ื ื•ืช ื—ืžื™ื ื—ืžื™ื ื•ื—ื•ื•ืช ืชืžืจื™ื, ื›ื•ืœื ืžื’ื•ื‘ื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืžืกื” ื”ืื“ื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ื”ืจื™ ื—ื’'ืจ. ืขื“ื•ืช ืืจื›ื™ืื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ืžื’ืœื” ื›ื™ ื”ืื–ื•ืจ ื›ื‘ืจ ื”ืชื™ื™ืฉื‘ื• ื‘ืžืฉืš ื™ื•ืชืจ ืž 7000 ืฉื ื™ื ื•ื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืฉื™ื ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืžืื” ื” -14 ืœืกืคื™ืจื” ื›ื ืžืœ ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™, ืขื™ืจ ื”ืžืกื—ืจ ื•ืžืคืขืœ ืœื™ื™ืฆื•ืจ ื›ืœื™ ื—ืจืก ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื” ื’'ื•ืœืคืจ.

ืขื“ ืœืื—ืจื•ื ื” ื ืจืื” ืฉืจืืก ืืœ-ื—ื™ื™ืžื” ืฆื ื•ืข ืžื›ื“ื™ ืœื ืฆืœ ืืช ื ื›ืกื™ื• ื”ืžื•ืคืœืื™ื, ืืš ื”ื–ืžื ื™ื ืžืฉืชื ื™ื. ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ื—ืœืง ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืืžื™ืจื•ืช, ืฉื ืžืฆืžื“ ื—ื“ืฉ ืฉืœ ืžืœื•ื ื•ืช ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ื ื•ืคืฉ ื•ืืชืจื™ ื ื•ืคืฉ, ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ืžืกืœื•ืœ ื’ื•ืœืฃ, ืื™ ืžืขืฉื” ื™ื“ื™ ืื“ื ื•ืืช ื ืžืœ ื™ืื›ื˜ื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืืžื™ืจื•ืช, ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ืœื”ืชื—ืจื•ืช ืขืœ ืคืจื•ืกื” ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืขื•ื’ืช ื”ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื”.

ืขื ืฉืื™ืคื” ืฉืงื˜ื” ืืš ื ื—ื•ืฉื”, ืจืืก ืืœ-ื—'ื™ืžื” ืžื’ื™ืข ืœืื˜ ืื‘ืœ ื‘ื˜ื•ื—. ื”ื ื” ื›ืžื” ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ ื”ื“ืฃ ืฉืœ ืืžื™ืจื•ืช.

ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ื’ 'ื‘ืœ ืืœ ื’' ืื™ื™ืก ื”ื”ืจ

ืขืžื•ืง ื‘ื”ืจื™ ื—ืื’ 'ื‘ 1934m ืžืชื ืฉื ื’' ื‘ืœ ืืœ Jais, ื”ื”ืจ ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืื™ื—ื•ื“ ื”ืืžื™ืจื•ื™ื•ืช, ืืฉืจ, ื‘ืžืงืจื™ื ื ื“ื™ืจื™ื, ืืคื™ืœื• ืœื•ื‘ืฉ ื˜ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืฉืœื’. ืžืื– 2015, ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ืžืจื”ื™ื‘ ื‘ืื•ืจืš ืฉืœ 30 ืง"ืž ืžืชืคืชืœ ื›ืžืขื˜ ืขื“ ืœืžืขืœื”, ื ื”ื’ื™ื ืžืชื’ืžืœื™ื ืขื ื ื•ืฃ ืžืจื”ื™ื‘ ืฉืœ ืžื“ืจื•ื ื•ืช ืžืคื•ืกืœื™ื ืื—ืจื™ ื›ืœ ืขื™ืงื•ืœ. ืคืจืฆื•ืคื™ ื”ืจื™ื ืžืชื ื•ืฆืฆื™ื ื‘ื’ื•ื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืคื—ื ืืœ ืงืจืžืœ ืฆื•ื ื—ื™ื ืœืชื•ืš ืงื ื™ื•ื ื™ื ืขืžื•ืงื™ื ื•ืคื•ืจื™ื™ื ื•ืื“ื™ืก (ืžื™ื˜ื•ืช ื”ื ื”ืจ). ืœื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ื™ืฉ ืฉื ื™ ื ืชื™ื‘ื™ื ืขื•ืœื™ื ื•ืื—ื“ ื™ื•ืจื“ ืขื ืžื•ืฉื›ื™ื ื™ื“ื ื™ื™ื ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ื“ืจืš. ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ืขืฉื•ืช ื‘ืžื›ื•ื ื™ืช ืจื’ื™ืœื” ื•ืื™ื ื” ื“ื•ืจืฉืช ืžื™ื•ืžื ื•ื™ื•ืช ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ื•ืช.

ืžื‘ืฆืจ ื“ืื™ื”

ืจืืก ืืœ Khaimah ื”ื•ื ืžืฉื•ืคืข ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืจื™ื ืขืชื™ืงื™ื, ืื‘ืœ Fort Dahah ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ื”ื‘ื—ื ื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ ืžืขืจืกืœ ื‘ืจืืฉ ื”ื”ืจ. ื›ื‘ืจ ื‘ืžืื” ื” -16 ื”ื™ื” ื–ื” ืžืงื•ื ื‘ื•ืœื˜ ื”ืžืฉืžืฉ ืœื”ื“ื•ืฃ ืืช ื”ืคื•ืฉื˜ื™ื. ืชื—ื‘ื•ืœื” ื”ื•ื›ื™ื— ืžื•ืฆืœื— ืขื“ 1819 ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืžื‘ืฆืจ ื”ืคืš ื”ืžืขื•ื– ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ืœื™ืคื•ืœ ื”ืชืงืคื•ืช ืงืื ื•ืŸ ื”ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื™. ื›ื™ื•ื, ืžื“ืจื’ื•ืช ืชืœื•ืœื•ืช ืืš ื‘ื ื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ื™ื˜ื‘ ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื•ืช ืืœ ื”ืžื‘ื ื” ื”ืžืฉื•ื—ื–ืจ ื”ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ ืžืฉื ื™ ืžื’ื“ืœื™ ืฉืžื™ืจื” ื•ืงื™ืจ ืžืฆื•ืคื” ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื—ืฆืจ. ืžืŸ ื”ื’ื‘ื”ื™ื ื”ื ืฉื’ื‘ื™ื ื”ืืœื” ื”ื ื•ืฃ ืฉืœ 360 ืžืขืœื•ืช ืฆืคื•ื™ ืœื”ืคืœื™ื ื•ืœื•ืงื— ืืช ื”ืžืคืจืฅ, ืืช ืžืจื›ื– ื”ืขื™ืจ, ืืช ื”ืจื™ ื”ืื’'ืจ ื•ืืช ืžื˜ืขื™ ืชืžืจื™ื ืจื—ื‘ื™ื ืœืžืจื’ืœื•ืช ื”ื’ื‘ืขื”.

ืžืจื•ืฆื™ ื’ืžืœื™ื

ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื—ื•ื•ื™ื” ืขืจื‘ื™ืช ืžื•ื‘ื”ืงืช, ืื™ืŸ ืฉื•ื ื“ื‘ืจ ื›ืžื• ืœื”ืฉืชืชืฃ ื‘ืžืจื•ืฅ ื’ืžืœื™ื, ืกืคื•ืจื˜ ืขืžื•ืง ืขืžื•ืง ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ื ืฉืžื” ื”ืืžื™ืจื˜ื™. ื–ื” ืžืจืื” ืžืžืฉ ืžืœื”ื™ื‘, ื›ืฉืขืฉืจื•ืช ืจื•ื›ืœื™ื ื—ื“-ืงื•ืžืชื™ื™ื ืžืชืขื•ืคืคื™ื ืžืชื•ืš ื”ืขื˜ื™ื ืฉืœื”ื ื•ืขื•ืœื™ื ืขืœ ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื”ืขืคืจ, ื“ื•ื—ืคื™ื ืืช ืขืฆืžื ืœื“ื”ื™ืจื” ืžืชื ืฉืืช ืœืขื‘ืจ ืงื• ื”ืกื™ื•ื. ืžื”ื•ื“ืง ืœื’ื‘ื ื”ื "ืจื•ื‘ื•ื˜ื™ื ืจื•ื‘ื•ื˜ื™ื" ืขื ืฉื•ื˜ืจื™ื ื‘ืฉืœื˜ ืจื—ื•ืง ื”ืžื•ืคืขืœ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื‘ืขืœื™ื”ื ื‘ืขืช ืฉื ืกืขื• ืจื›ื‘ื™ ื”ืฉื˜ื— ืฉืœื”ื ืขืœ ืžืกืœื•ืœ ื ืคืจื“ ืœืฆื“ ื‘ืขืœื™ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื. ืžืจื•ืฅ ื”ืขื•ื ื” ืคื•ืขืœ ืžืื•ืงื˜ื•ื‘ืจ ืขื“ ืืคืจื™ืœ. ืžืกืœื•ืœื• ืฉืœ ืจืง ื”ื•ื ืกืžื•ืš ืœื›ืคืจ ื“ื™ื’ืื’ื”.

ื’'ื–ื™ืจืช ืืœ ื—ืžืจื”

ื”ืขืชื™ื“ ืžืชืจื—ืฉ ื‘ืขื‘ืจ ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ื”ื“ืจื•ื, ืฉื ื”ื•ื•ื™ืœื•ืช ื•ื”ืžื’ื“ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืœื•ืŸ ืืœ-ื—ืžืจื” ื”ื ื•ืฆืฆื™ื ื”ื˜ื™ืœื• ืืช ืฆืœืœื™ื”ื ืขืœ ื›ืคืจ ื”ืจืคืื™ื "ื’'ื–ื™ืจื” ืืœ-ื—ืžืจื”", ืื—ื“ ืžื™ื™ืฉื•ื‘ื™ ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืขืชื™ืงื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืื™ื—ื•ื“ ื”ืืžื™ืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ื•ืช. ื‘ืžืฉืš ืžืื•ืช ืฉื ื™ื ืฉื›ื ื• ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ื” ื‘ื“ื™ื’, ืคื ื™ื ื™ื ื•ืžืกื—ืจ, ืืš ืขื ื”ื–ืžืŸ ื”ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ ื—ืจืง ืœืื—ืจ ื’ื™ืœื•ื™ ื”ื ืคื˜, ื”ื ื”ื—ืœื™ืคื• ืืช ื”ื‘ื•ืฅ ื”ืขืชื™ืง ืฉืœื”ื ืืœืžื•ื’ื™ื ื‘ืชื™ื ืœื—ืคื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ืช ื‘ืกื•ืฃ 1960s. ื›ื™ื•ื ื› -100 ืžื‘ื ื™ื ืžืชืคื•ืจืจื™ื ืืœื” - ื‘ืชื™ื, ื—ื ื•ื™ื•ืช ื•ืžืกื’ื“ื™ื - ื ื•ืฉืื™ื ืขื“ื•ืช ืื™ืœืžืช ืœื—ื™ื™ื ืคืฉื•ื˜ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ.

ืžืขื™ื™ื ื•ืช ื—ืžื™ื

ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ื‘ืžืขื™ื™ื ื•ืช ืžื™ื ืจืœื™ื ืชืจืžื™ื™ื ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœื”ื™ืจืื•ืช ื“ื‘ืจ ืžื•ื–ืจ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื‘ืžื“ื‘ืจ ื”ืœื•ื”ื˜, ืื‘ืœ ืžื‘ืคื ื™ื ื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื ื›ื™ ื˜ื‘ื™ืœื” ื‘ืžื™ืžื™ ื”ื’ื•ืคืจื™ืช ื‘ื›ืคืจ ื—'ื˜ ืžืจื—ื™ืงื” ื“ืจืš ืืจื•ื›ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืจื’ื™ืข ืืช ื”ืžืชื—ื™ื ื”ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื‘ื ืคืฉืš, ืฉืœื ืœื“ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ื›ืื‘ ืขืฆืžื•ืช. ื”ืžืขื™ื™ื ื•ืช ืžื–ื™ื ื™ื ืืช ื”ืกืคื ืฉืœ ืžืœื•ืŸ ื’ื•ืœื“ืŸ ื˜ื•ืœื™ืค ืงืื˜ ืกืคืจื™ื ื’ืก ืจื™ืกื•ืจื˜ (goldentulipkhattsprings.com), ืืชืจ ื ื•ืคืฉ ื‘ืฆื•ืจืช ืžืฆื•ื“ื” ืขืœ ื’ื‘ืขื”, ื•ืืช ืžืจื›ื– ื”ื”ืจืžื•ื ื™ื” ืื™ื•ืจื•ื•ื“ื” ื”ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจื™ืช ื‘ืชื—ืชื™ืช ื”ื’ื‘ืขื”. ื‘ืื—ืจื•ื ื” ื™ืฉ ืฉืชื™ ื‘ืจื™ื›ื•ืช ืžืจื•ืฆืคื•ืช ื—ืœื•ืงื™ื - ืื—ืช ืœื’ื‘ืจื™ื ื•ืื—ืช ืœื ืฉื™ื - ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ืจืฉื™ืžื” ืืจื•ื›ื” ืฉืœ ืขื™ืกื•ื™ื™ื ื•ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ืคื™ื ื•ืง ืื—ืจื•ืช.

ืื™ืกืœื ื“ ืคืืจืง ื”ืžื™ื

ืคื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ื ื™ื ื‘ืžื“ื‘ืจ? ืœื ืœื“ืื•ื’! ืืช tuxedoed denizens ืฉืœ ืื™ืกืœื ื“ ื ื•ืฉืื™ื ื ื•ืฉืื™ื ืคื•ืœืืจ (icelandwaterpark.com) ืื™ื ื ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื‘ืกื›ื ืช ื’ื•ืกืก ืž ื”ืชื™ื™ื‘ืฉื•ืช ืžืกื™ื‘ื” ืื—ืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื”: ื”ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืืคืฉืจ ื›ืžืขื˜ ืœืฉืžื•ืข ืื•ืชื ืžืจื™ืขื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืคืืจืง ืืฉืจ ื’ื•ืœืฉ ืœืžื˜ื” ืžื™ื ืฉืงื•ืคื™ื•ืช ืž ืžืื•ืœืฃ ื›ื“ื™ ืžืคื—ื™ื“, ื’ืœื™ื ืžืคืœืฆืช ืืžื™ืฅ, ืœื”ื™ืชืงืœ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžืคืœ ืจื•ืขื 40 ืžื˜ืจ ื’ื‘ื•ื” ืื• ืกืคื•ื’ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื“ืœื™ tipping ืขื ืง. ืžืงื•ื ื›ื™ืฃ ืœืžืฉืคื—ื” ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ืงื•ืจ ืจื•ื— ื‘ื™ื•ื ื—ื!

ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ืข"ืฉ ืจืง

ื”ื•ื“ื•ืช ืœืžื™ืงื•ืžื• ื”ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ ืœื™ื“ ืžื™ืฆืจื™ ื”ื•ืจืžื•ื–, ืจืืก ืืœ-ื—'ื™ืžื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื‘ื™ื˜ ืœืื—ื•ืจ ืขืœ ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™ืช ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“, ื›ื•ืœืœ ื”ืชืงืคื•ืช ืฉืœ ืคื™ืจืื˜ื™ื; ื”ื›ื™ื‘ื•ืฉ ืฉืœ ื”ืคืจืกื™ื, ื”ืคื•ืจื˜ื•ื’ืœื™ื ื•ื”ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื™ื; ืžืกื—ืจ ืขื ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื›ื” ืจื—ื•ืง ื›ืžื• ืกื™ืŸ ื•ื”ื•ื“ื•. ืžื˜ื‘ืขื•ืช, ื›ืœื™ ื—ืจืก, ืคื ื™ื ื™ื, ื›ืœื™ ื ืฉืง ื•ื—ืคืฆื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืฉื ื—ืฉืคื• ื‘ื—ืคื™ืจื•ืช ืืจื›ื™ืื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ื ื™ื‘ื• ืขื“ื•ืช ืœื›ืœ ื”ืชืงื•ืคื•ืช ื”ืœืœื•. ื”ื ืžื•ืฆื’ื™ื ื›ืขืช ื‘ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ืœืื•ืžื™, ืืฉืจ ืฉื•ื›ืŸ ื‘ืžื‘ืฆืจ ื”ืžืฉื•ื—ื–ืจ ืœื”ืคืœื™ื, ืฉืฉื™ืžืฉ ืœืžื’ื•ืจื™ ืžืฉืคื—ืชื• ืฉืœ ืจืง"ืง ื‘ืฉื ื•ืช ื”ืขืฉืจื™ื ื•ืขื“ ืฉื ืช 1964, ื•ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ ืขื‘ืจ ื“ืจืš ืชื—ื ืช ืžืฉื˜ืจื” ื•ื›ืœื.

ืกืคื•ืจื˜ ื”ืจื™ื

ื”ืจื™ ื—ื’'ืจ ื”ืžืœื›ื•ืชื™ื™ื ื”ื ืขืžื•ื“ ื”ืฉื“ืจื” ืฉืœ ืจืืก ืืœ-ื—'ื™ืžื”. ืขื•ืฆื‘ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื˜ืงื˜ื•ื ื™ ื”ืชืจื•ืžืžื•ืช ืจื•ื— ืœืคื ื™ ื› 65 ืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ืฉื ื”, ื–ื” ื”ื™ืจื— ื›ืžื• ืžืฉื™ื›ื” ืžืฉื™ื›ื” ื‘ืขื•ื– ืขืœ ืœื‘ื ืฉืœ ืื•ื”ื‘ื™ ื—ื•ืฆื•ืช. ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืงืจื•ื‘ ืื™ืฉื™ ื”ืŸ ืจื‘ื•ืช. ืฆื•ืœืœื™ื ืžืขืœ ื”ืงืฆื” ื›ืคื™ ืฉืืชื” ืกื•ื—ืฃ ืœืชื•ืš ืงื ื™ื•ืŸ ืขืžื•ืง, ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ื›ืคืจื™ื ื”ืจื™ื ื ื˜ื•ืฉื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืื•ืคื ื™ ื”ืจื™ื, ืœื‘ืœื•ืช ืœื™ืœื” ืฉืงื˜ ืžืชื—ืช ืœื›ื•ื›ื‘ื™ื ื‘ืžื—ื ื” ืื•ืื–ื™ืก ืื• ืœื”ืชืขืžืช ืขื ืคืจืฆื•ืคื™ื ื”ืจื™ื ืกืœืขื™ ืขืœ ืžืกืข ืกืœืข ืžื˜ืคืกื™ื. ื›ืžื” ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืืชื’ืจ ื”ืจืคืชืงืื•ืช (ืžืืชื’ืจื’ืจ), ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ืฉืคืข ืฉืœ ื—ื•ื•ื™ื•ืช ืžืขื–.

.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

add
close