ืื™ื™ื ืคืจืื™: ืฉื‘ืข ื—ื•ื•ื™ื•ืช ื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืžื”ื—ื•ืฃ ืฉืœ ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื ื™ื”

ืื™ื™ื ืคืจืื™: ืฉื‘ืข ื—ื•ื•ื™ื•ืช ื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืžื”ื—ื•ืฃ ืฉืœ ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื ื™ื”

ื™ื ื›ื—ื•ืœ ืžื‘ืจื™ืง ืžืœื ื—ื™ื™ื ื™ืžื™ื™ื. ืฆื•ืงื™ื ืคื ื™ื”ื ืžื•ืฉื‘ื•ืช ืขื ืงื™ื•ืช ื•ืžืจื•ืคืคื•ืช ืฉืœ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ ื™ื. ืžื•ืจืœื ื“ ืฉื•ื˜ื˜ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืฆื‘ื™ hulking. ื”ืื™ื™ื ื”ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื™ื™ื ื”ื ื™ืคื™ื ื•ืจื•ื‘ื ื ื’ื•ืขื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื“ื” ืจื‘ื”, ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ืคืš ืื•ืชื ืœืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื ืคืœืื™ื ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจ ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื™ื•ืช.

Puffin ืฆื•ืคื” ืขืœ ืื™ื™ Farne

Northumberland, ื”ืžื—ื•ื– ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืื ื’ืœื™ื”, ื™ืฉ ืืช ื—ืœืงื” ื”ื”ื•ื’ืŸ ืฉืœ ื ื•ืคื™ื ืคืจืื™. ืื‘ืœ ืžืขื˜ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืชืื™ื ืืช ืื™ื™ Farne ืกืœืขื™, ืฉื ื™ ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืืœ ื”ื™ื ืžืŸ ื”ื˜ื™ืจื” ื”ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื” ื‘ื‘ืžื‘ื•ืจื’. ืืœื” ืžื—ืฉื•ืคื™ื ืกืœืขื™ื™ื ื™ื“ื•ืขื™ื ืžื•ืฉื‘ื•ืช ื”ื—ื•ืชื ืขื ืง ืฉืœื”ื, ืื‘ืœ puffins ื”ื ื”ืฆื™ื•ืจ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ.

37,000 ืฆืžื—ื™ ืจื‘ื™ื™ื” ืžืจืฉื™ืžื™ื ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ืžื“ื™ ืฉื ื”, ืืช ื”ืžืงื•ืจ ื”ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™ ืฉืœื”ื ื•ืืช ื›ื™ืฉื•ืจื™ ื”ื ื—ื™ืชื” ื”ืžื’ื•ืฉืžื™ื ื”ืžื•ืฉื›ื™ื ืืœืคื™ ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื. ืคืคื™ื ืก ื”ื ืจื’ื•ืขื™ื ืžืื•ื“ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืชืงืจื‘ ืœืกื’ื•ืจ ืกืœื™ืœ ื›ืžื” ืžืฆืœื™ืคื” ืžืžื“ืจื’ื” ืจืืฉื•ื ื”. ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืคืจื™ืœ ืœื™ื•ืœื™, ื›ืืฉืจ ืขื•ื ืช ื”ืจื‘ื™ื™ื” ืžืชื ื”ืœืช. ื™ืฉ ืขื•ื“ 22 ืžื™ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ื™ืžื™ื•ืช ืœืจืื•ืช ื’ื, ื›ื•ืœืœ razorbills ื• ื‘ืจื•ื•ื–ื™ื eider. ื˜ืจื ื“ื™ื ื ื•ื“ื“ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืงืฆืช feisty, ืฉืœื ืœื“ื‘ืจ ืขืœ mucky - ืœืœื‘ื•ืฉ ื›ื•ื‘ืข ืœืขืฆื•ืจ ื‘ืœื’ืŸ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจ ืœื”ืจื•ืก ืืช ื”ื™ื•ื ืฉืœืš.

ืื•ื˜ืจื™ื ื•ืœื•ื•ื™ื™ืชื ื™ื ืจื•ืฆื—ื™ื ื‘ืื™ื™ ืฉื˜ืœื ื“

ืžื™ื ืขืฉื™ืจื™ื ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืื™ื™ ืฉื˜ืœื ื“ ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืื•ืชื ืœืื—ื“ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืจืื•ืช ื™ื•ื ืงื™ื ื™ืžื™ื™ื ื‘ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื ื™ื”. ื™ืขืจื•ืช ืืฆื•ืช ืขื‘ื™ื, ืกื•ืขืจื™ื, ื›ื™ ื”ื—ืฆืื™ืช ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ื ืžืงื•ื ืžืฆื•ื™ืŸ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื•ื˜ืจื•ืช. ื™ืฆื•ืจื™ื ืืœื” ืขืฉื• ืงืืžื‘ืง ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื ื™ื” ื‘ืฉื ื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช, ืื‘ืœ ืขื ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื™ื” ืฉืœ ื› 1000, ืฉื˜ืœื ื“ ื”ื™ื ืžืขื•ื– ืฉืœื”ื. ื‘ื•ืื• ื‘ืงื™ืฅ, ื›ืืฉืจ ืื•ืจ ื”ื™ื•ื ื™ืฉืชืจืข ื”ืจื‘ื” ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœืฉืขื” 11 ื‘ืขืจื‘, ื•ืชื”ื™ื” ืœื›ื ื›ืœ ื”ื–ื“ืžื ื•ืช ืœืจืื•ืช ืื•ืชื ืžืฉืชืขืฉืขื™ื, ืœืœืžื“ ืืช ื”ื’ื•ืจื™ื ืฉืœื”ื ืื™ืš ืœืฆื•ื“. ืืœื” ืื—ืจื™ ืžืฉื”ื• ืžืจื”ื™ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื ื™ื”ื™ื” ืžืื•ื›ื–ื‘. ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื™ืช ื”ื—ื•ืชื ื”ืขื ืงื™ืช ื”ื•ืคื›ืช ืืช ืฉื˜ืœื ื“ ืœืžืงื•ื ืžื•ืฉืœื ืœืจืื•ืช ืœื•ื•ื™ื™ืชื ื™ื ืจื•ืฆื—ื™ื, ืืฉืจ ืขื•ืงื‘ื™ื ืื—ืจ ื ืชื™ื‘ ื”ื’ื™ืจื” 40 ืง"ืž ืžืžืขืจื‘ ืœืื™ื™ื. ืจืืฉ ื›ืืŸ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืžืื™ ื•ืื•ื’ื•ืกื˜ ืœืจืื•ืช ืื•ืชื ืฆื“ื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ ืœื—ื•ืฃ.

ืจืื• ืืช ื”ืจื•ืฉื ืขืœ ืจื•ื

ืจื•ื ื”ื”ืจืจื™, ืื—ื“ ื”ืื™ื™ื ื”ืงื˜ื ื™ื ื‘ืกืงื ื“ื™ื ืœื™ื ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ื™ื, ื”ื•ื ืฉืžื•ืจืช ื˜ื‘ืข ืœืื•ืžื™ืช, ืฆื™ื•ืจ ืื•ื”ื“ื™ ื—ื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจ ื”ื•ื“ื•ืช ืœืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื•ืช ืžืฉื•ืžืจ ื‘ืงืคื™ื“ื” ืฉืœ ืœื•ื˜ืจื™ื, ื ืฉืจื™ื ื”ื™ื ื—ื•ืชืžื•ืช. ืื‘ืœ ื”ืื™ ื”ื•ื ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ 900 ืฉืœื” ื—ื–ืง ื”ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื™ื” ืฆื‘ื™ ืื“ื•ื. ื›ืœ ืกืชื™ื•, ื’ื‘ืจื™ื ืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื ื‘ื•ื’ืจืช ืžืจื•ื‘ืขื™ื ื–ื” ืœื–ื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืจื•ื˜ ืฉื ืชื™, ื ืขื™ืœื” ืงืจื ื™ื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื ืฆื— ืื• ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ืจืžื•ืŸ. ืงื™ืœืžื•ืจื™ ื’ืœืŸ, ื‘ืฆืคื•ืŸ ื”ืื™, ื”ื•ื ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ื—ื™ื•ืช ื”ืžืจืฉื™ืžื•ืช ื”ืืœื” ืขื•ื‘ืจื•ืช ืจืืฉ ื‘ืจืืฉ, ืขื ืงืจื‘ ื”ื—ืœ ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ืกืคื˜ืžื‘ืจ ื•ืจืฅ ืขื“ ืืžืฆืข ืื•ืงื˜ื•ื‘ืจ. ื™ื”ื™ื” ืขืœื™ืš ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ืžืจื—ืง ื•ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืกื‘ืœื ื™, ืื‘ืœ ืืชื” ืชื”ื™ื” ื’ืžื•ืœื• ืขื ืื—ื“ ื”ืžืฉืงืคื™ื™ื ื”ืžืฉื•ื‘ื—ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื ื™ื” ื™ืฉ ืœื”ืฆื™ืข.

ืžื•ืฉื‘ืช ื”ื’ื ื˜ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื ื™ื” ื‘ื’ืจืืกื”ื•ืœื

ืžื•ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ื”ืžืœื›ื•ืชื™ืช ืœื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื (rspb.org.uk), ื”ืื™ Grassholm ื”ื™ื ื”ื ืงื•ื“ื” ื”ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื•ื•ื™ืœืก ื•ื”ื™ื ื”ื‘ื™ืชื” 39,000 ื–ื•ื’ื•ืช ื”ืจื‘ื™ื™ื” ืฉืœ gannets, ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ืคืš ืื•ืชื• ื”ืžื•ืฉื‘ื” ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืืœื” ื‘ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื ื™ื” ื•ืืช ื”ืจื‘ื™ืขื™ ื‘ื’ื•ื“ืœื• ื‘ืขื•ืœื. ืงื—ื• ืกื™ืจื” ืž Martin's Haven, ื‘ืงืฆื” ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ ืฉืœ ืžืคืจืฅ St Br ื‘ Pembrokeshire, ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืคืจื™ืœ ื•ื™ื•ืœื™ ืœืจืื•ืช ืืœื” ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื•ืช, ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™ื™ื ืฆืœื™ืœื” ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื‘ื–ืง ืืœ ื”ื™ื ื”ืื™ืจื™ ื•ืœืงื‘ืœ ืžื‘ื˜ ืžืงืจื•ื‘ ืขืœ ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื”ืจื‘ื™ื™ื” ืฉืœื”ื . ืื™ืŸ ื ื—ื™ืชื•ืช ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจื™ื•ืช ืขืœ Grassholm, ื‘ืฉืœ ื”ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ื”ืฉื‘ืจื™ืจื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืื™, ื›ืš ื™ืฉ ืจื’ืœื™ ื”ื™ื ืฉืœืš ืžื•ื›ืŸ ื‘ืžืงืจื” ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืžืงื‘ืœื™ื ืงื˜ื•ืข. ื‘ื“ื•ืง ืขื ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ื”ืกื™ืจื” ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช (pembrokeshire-islands.co.uk) ืœืคืจื˜ื™ื ืขืœ ืฉื™ื˜ ืคืขืžื™ื.

ืฆืœื™ืœื” ืืช ื”ืื™ื™ื ืกื™ืœื™

ืฉืœื•ืฉื™ื ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจ ืžืขืœ ืงืฆื” ื”ืืจืฅ, ื”ืื™ื™ื ืกื™ืœื™ ื™ืฉ ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœ ืžื™ื ืชื›ื•ืœื™ื ื”ื™ื™ืช ืžืฆืคื” ืœืžืฆื•ื ื‘ืื™ื™ื ื”ืงืจื™ื‘ื™ื™ื. ื™ืฉื ื 11 ืื–ื•ืจื™ ืฉื™ืžื•ืจ ื™ืžื™ื™ื ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื”ืืจื›ื™ืคืœื’, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ื—ื™ื™ื ืžืชื—ืช ืœืžื™ื ื ื”ื ื™ื ืžื”ื’ื ื” ืžื—ืžื™ืจื”. ืœื–ืจื•ืง ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ืžื•ืŸ ืกืคื™ื ื•ืช ื˜ืจื•ืคื•ืช ื‘ื–ื›ื•ืช ื”ืžื™ื ื”ืจื“ื•ื“ื™ื ืœืฉืžืฆื” ื•ื™ืฉ ืœืš ืืช ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ืžื•ืฉืœื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืฆืœื™ืœื”. ืงื™ืจื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื™ืช ืขื ื”ื—ื™ื™ื, ืžืŸ ื”ืืœืžื•ื’ื™ื ื™ืคื” seahorses, lobsters ื• ืงื™ืคื•ื“ื™ ื™ื, ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื”ื—ื•ืชืžื•ืช ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื‘ื›ืœ ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืื™ื™ื. ืืœื” ื”ืžืขื“ื™ืคื™ื ืœื ืœืœื›ืช ืขืžื•ืง ืžื“ื™ ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืฉื ืจืงืœ ืขืœ ื™ืขืจื•ืช ื”ืืฆื•ืช ื”ืžืชื ื“ื ื“ื™ื ืžืชื—ืช ืœืžืคืจืฆื™ื ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื”ืื™ ื‘ืจื™ื™ื™ืจ. ื›ื•ื›ื‘ื™ ื™ื, ืฆืœืขื•ืช ื•ืฆื“ืคื™ื ื ืจืื™ื ืื•ืจื‘ื™ื ืžืชื—ืช ืœืฉื™ื—ื™ื ื”ืืจื•ื›ื™ื ื”ืืœื”.

ืœื•ื•ื™ืชืŸ ืฆื•ืคื” ืœื™ื“ ืจืžื–ื™ ื•ืื™ื™ Offshore

ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืžืขืจื‘ื™ ืฉืœ ื•ื™ื™ืœืก ื™ื•ืฉื‘ Celtic ืขืžื•ืง, ืžื“ืฃ ื™ื‘ืฉืชื™ ืขืฆื•ื ืืฉืจ ืžืขืžืงื™ื ืฆื•ืœืœ ืœืžืฉื•ืš ืฉืคืข ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจ ื™ืžื™ื•ืช. ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื ืžืื™ ืœืกืคื˜ืžื‘ืจ ื™ืฆืื• ืกื™ืจื•ืช ืžืŸ ื”ื™ื‘ืฉืช ื”ื•ื•ืœืฉื™ืช ืœืขื‘ืจ ื”ืื™ื™ื ื”ื™ืžื™ื™ื, ืฉื ื ื™ื›ืจื™ื ื‘ื• ืงื‘ื•ืขื™ื ืœื•ื•ื™ื™ืชื ื™ื, ื—ื•ืชืžื•ืช, ื“ื•ืคื ื•ืช, ื“ื•ืœืคื™ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ืงื‘ื•ืงื™ ืžื™ื ื•ื›ืจื™ืฉื™ื. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื‘ืงืจ Ramsey ืื™ื™ืœื ื“ ืขื ืžืกืขื•ืช ืฉืœ ื’ื™ืœื•ื™ (ramseyisland.co.uk) ืžืจืก ืขื“ ื ื•ื‘ืžื‘ืจ, ื•ื›ืŸ ื‘ื–ืžื ื™ื ืžื•ื’ื‘ืœื™ื ื‘ื—ื•ืจืฃ. ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ ื™ื ื ืจืื™ื ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืฆื™ื“ ื›ืืŸ, ืขื puffins ื• gannets ืขื•ืฉื” ืืช ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ื”ืงืฆืจื” ืžืŸ ื”ืžื•ืฉื‘ื•ืช ืฆื•ืงื™ื ื”ืขืœื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœื”ื. ืื ื™ืฉ ืœืš ืžื–ืœ, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืืคื™ืœื• ืœืจืื•ืช ืฆื‘ ืขื•ืจ. ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ืงืฆืจื™ื ืžืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืœืžื™ื ื›ื“ืื™ ืื ืืชื” ื ืžื•ืš ื‘ื–ืžืŸ, ืขื ืชืฆืคื™ื•ืช ื“ื•ืคืง ื›ืžืขื˜ ืžื•ื‘ื˜ื—ืช.

ืงื•ืจืงื™ื ื˜, ืชืฆืคื™ืช, ืื™ื™, ืื•ืจืงื ื™, ืื™ื™

ืงื•ืจืงื™ื ืง ื—ืžืงืžืง ืงืฉื” ืœื–ื”ื•ืช, ืื‘ืœ ื”ืงืจื™ืื” ืฉืœื•, razing, ื›ืžื• kazoo ื”ื•ื ืœื˜ืขื•ืช. ื”ืื™ื™ื Orkney, ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™ ืฉืœ ืกืงื•ื˜ืœื ื“, ื”ืคื›ื• ืœืื—ื“ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืœื›ืช ืœื—ืคืฉ ืื•ืชื.ื™ื•ื–ืžืช RSPB ืจืื” ื—ืงืœืื™ื ืœืขื–ื•ื‘ ืืช ื”ื“ืฉื ื’ื‘ื•ื” ืฉื‘ื• ื”ื ืžืกืชืชืจื™ื ืœื ื—ืชื•ืš ืขื“ ืขื•ื ืช ื”ืจื‘ื™ื™ื” ืžืกืชื™ื™ื ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ืื•ื’ื•ืกื˜. ื”ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืžื’ื™ืขื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ืื™ื™ื ืžืืคืจื™ืœ, ืขื ืžืกืคืจื™ื ืคื•ืจื—ื™ื ื‘ืฉื ื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช. ื”ื™ื• 36 ื’ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉืžืขื• ืืช ื”ืงืจื™ืื” ื”ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ืช ืฉืœื”ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžืฉื•ืš ื—ื‘ืจ ื‘ืฉื ืช 2014, ื”ืžืกืคืจ ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืื– ืกื•ืฃ 1990. ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืฉืžื•ืข ืื•ืชื ื”ื•ื ืขืœ ื”ืื™ ืคืจืื™ ืฉืœ Westray, ื‘ืฆืคื•ืŸ ื”ืืจื›ื™ืคืœื’, ืฉื ื ื™ืชืŸ ื’ื ืœืจืื•ืช puffins ื‘ Noup ืฆื•ืงื™ื RSPB ืžื™ืœื•ืื™ื.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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