ื”ืื ื”ื’ื™ืข ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืœื—ื–ื•ืจ ืœื ืคืืœ?

ื”ืื ื”ื’ื™ืข ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืœื—ื–ื•ืจ ืœื ืคืืœ?

ื‘ -25 ื‘ืืคืจื™ืœ ื• -12 ื‘ืžืื™ 2015, ืจืขื™ื“ื•ืช ืื“ืžื” ืงื˜ืœื ื™ื•ืช ืคื’ืข ืžืจื›ื– ื ืคืืœ, ื’ืจื™ืžืช ื ื–ืง ืงื˜ืกื˜ืจื•ืคืœื™ ืงื˜ืžื ื“ื• ื•ืืช ื”ืขืžืงื™ื ื”ืกืžื•ื›ื™ื. ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ืžืงื•ืฉื˜ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ืžืคื•ืืจื™ื ืฉื”ื•ืคื ื• ืืœ ื‘ืชื™ ืื‘ืŸ ืฉืœ ื‘ื˜ื•ืŸ ื•ืžื‘ื ื™ื ืฉื”ืชืžื•ื˜ื˜ื• ืขืœ ื™ืกื•ื“ื•ืชื™ื”ืŸ, ื–ืจื—ื• ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืขื•ืœื. ื—ืžื™ืฉื” ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืืกื•ืŸ, ื ืคืืœ ื”ื›ืจื™ื–ื” ืขืœ ืขืฆืžื” ืคืชื•ื—ื” ืœืชื™ื™ืจื•ืช, ืื‘ืœ ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื–ื” ื”ื–ืžืŸ ื”ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืœื—ื–ื•ืจ ืœื ืคืืœ, ื•ืžื” ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ืชืžืฆื ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ืžื’ื™ืข ืœื›ืืŸ?

ื”ืขืจื›ืช ื”ื ื–ืง

ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ืžื“ื™ื” ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืจืขื™ื“ื•ืช ื”ืื“ืžื” ืขืฉื” ืืช ื–ื” ื ืจืื” ื›ืื™ืœื• ื ืคืืœ ื ื”ืจืกื” ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ, ืขื ื”ืžื•ืจืฉืช ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื™ืช ื”ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื” ืฉืœื” ื—ื•ืจื‘ื•ืช. ื”ืืžืช ื”ื•ืคื›ืช ืœื›ื•ืชืจื•ืช ืคื—ื•ืช ืกื ืกืฆื™ื•ื ื™ื•ืช: ื‘ืขื•ื“ 130 ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื™ื ื”ืชืžื•ื˜ื˜ื• ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืืจืฅ, ืจืง 14 ืžืชื•ืš 75 ื”ืžื—ื•ื–ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื ืคืืœ ื ืคื’ืขื•, ื•ืจื‘ื™ื ืžืžืจืื•ืชื™ื” ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกืžื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื ืคืืœ ื ืžืœื˜ื• ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ.

ืืคื™ืœื• ื‘ืฉื™ื ื”ืืกื•ืŸ, ื”ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ื”ื™ื• ืžืจื’ื™ืขื™ื ื‘ืขื™ืจ ื”ื ื•ืคืฉ ืคื•ืงื”ืจื”, ืœื ืžื•ื“ืขื™ื ืœื”ืจืก ืœืขืจื™ื ื‘ืžืจื—ืง ืฉืœ 50 ืง"ืž ื‘ืœื‘ื“ ืžืฉื. ื‘ืงื˜ืžื ื“ื•, ื”ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืžื›ืจื™ืข ืฉืœ ื”ืžืœื•ื ื•ืช ื ืคืชื— ืžื—ื“ืฉ ื‘ืชื•ืš ื™ืžื™ื ืฉืœ ืจืขื™ื“ื•ืช ืื“ืžื”, ืขื ืงื•ืžืฅ ืฉืœ ืžืœื•ื ื•ืช ืžื•ืจืฉืช ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ืช ื ื•ืชืจื• ืกื’ื•ืจื™ื ืœืชื™ืงื•ื ื™ื.

ื–ื• ืœื ื”ืคืขื ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื‘ื ืคืืœ ื™ืฉ ืจืขื™ื“ืช ืื“ืžื” ื‘ืงื ื” ืžื™ื“ื” ื–ื”, ื•ื›ืžื• ื‘ืฉื ืช 1934, ื ืคืืœื™ืก ื™ืฉ ืฆืขื“ื• ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืฆื™ืœ ืืช ืžื” ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ืฆื™ืœ, ื•ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื”ื ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืขืชื™ื“. ื›ืžื” ืžื”ืจ ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืงืจื•ืช ื™ื”ื™ื” ืชืœื•ื™ ื‘ืžื™ื“ื” ืจื‘ื” ืขืœ ื›ืžื” ืžื”ืจ ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ืœื—ื–ื•ืจ ืœืžื“ื™ื ื” ืœื”ืฉืงื™ืข ื‘ืžืฉืง ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™.

ื”ื ื” ืกืงื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ืื™ืš ื—ืœืงื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื ืคืืœ ืžื—ืœื™ื ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืืกื•ืŸ.

ืงื˜ืžื ื“ื•

ืงื˜ืžื ื“ื• ืกื‘ืœื” ื‘ืžืœื•ื ืขื•ืฆืžืชื” ืฉืœ ืจืขื™ื“ืช ื”ืื“ืžื”, ื•ื”ื ื–ืง ื”ื™ื” ื ืจื—ื‘, ืื‘ืœ ืžืงื•ืžื™ ืœื—ืœืงื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ. ืืจื‘ืขื” ืžื”ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ื”ืื™ืงื•ื ื™ื™ื ื‘ื›ื™ื›ืจ ื“ืจื‘ืืจ ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกืžื™ื ืฉืœ ืื•ื ืกืง"ื• ื”ืชืžื•ื˜ื˜ื• ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ - ื›ื•ืœืœ ืžืงื“ืฉ ืžืื’ื• ื“ื•ื•ืืœ ื”ืจื‘-ืฉื›ื‘ืชื™, ืื—ื“ ืžืฆื™ื•ื ื™ ื”ื“ืจืš ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกืžื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืงื˜ืžื ื“ื• - ืืš ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืขื•ืžื“ื™ื ื•ื”ื›ื™ื›ืจ ืฉื•ื‘ ืคืชื•ื—ื” ืœืžื‘ืงืจื™ื.

ื”ืืจืžื•ืŸ ื”ืžืœื›ื•ืชื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืื ื•ืžืืŸ ื“ื•ืงื” ื ืฉืืจ ืกื’ื•ืจ ื‘ืฉืœ ืคื’ื™ืขื” ืžื‘ื ื™ืช ื‘ื—ืฆืจื•ืช ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ื•ืช, ืืš ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืžืชื ื”ืœืช ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœืคืชื•ื— ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืืช ื—ื“ืจื™ ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื•ื”ืืจืžื•ืŸ. ืื•ืœื™ ื”ื ืคื’ืข ื”ืžืฆื•ืœื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืจืขื™ื“ืช ื”ืื“ืžื” ื”ื™ื” ืžื’ื“ืœ ื‘ื”ื™ืžืกืŸ, ืฉื”ืชืžื•ื˜ื˜ ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ ื‘ืคืขื ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื” ื‘ืชื•ืœื“ื•ืชื™ื• (ื”ื•ื ื ื”ืจืก ื’ื ื‘ืจืขื™ื“ืช ื”ืื“ืžื” ืฉืœ 1934). ื”ื™ื•ื, ื”ื•ื ืขื•ืžื“ ื‘ืชื•ืจ ืžืกื“ ื”ืจื•ืก, ืื‘ืœ ื”ื™ื–ืžื™ื ื”ืชื—ื™ื™ื‘ื• ืœื‘ื ื•ืช ืื•ืชื• ืžื—ื“ืฉ.

ืืชืจื™ ืžื•ืจืฉืช ืขื•ืœืžื™ืช ืื—ืจื™ื, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื”ืกื˜ื•ืคื” ื”ื‘ื•ื“ื”ื™ืกื˜ื™ืช ื”ืžืคื•ืืจืช ื‘ืกื•ื•ื™ื™ืžื‘ื”ื•ื ืืช ื•ื‘ื•ื“ื”ืื ื˜, ื ืคื’ืขื• ืจืง ื‘ืžื™ื“ื” ืžื•ืขื˜ื”; ืขื‘ื•ื“ื•ืช ื”ืฉื™ืงื•ื ืชื™ืงื ื• ืืช ื”ื ื–ืง ื”ื‘ืจื•ืจ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ื”ืจืื™ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ื—ืฉื™ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืืกื•ืŸ ื”ืŸ ืคื™ื’ื•ืžื™ื ืžืชืžืฉื›ื™ื. ืืชืจ ื”ืขืœื™ื™ื” ืœืจื’ืœ ื”ื™ื ื“ื™ ื”ืงื“ื•ืฉ ืฉืœ ืคืืฉื•ืคื˜ื™ื ืื˜ ืจืื” ื’ืื•ืช ืื™ื•ืžื” ืฉืœ ืฉืจื™ืคืช ืงื‘ื•ืจื” ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ืจืขื™ื“ืช ื”ืื“ืžื”, ืืš ื”ืืชืจ ืขืฆืžื• ื ื™ื–ื•ืง ื‘ืจื•ื‘ื•.

ืคืื˜ืŸ, ื‘ืงื˜ืคื•ืจ ื•ืขืžืง ืงื˜ืžื ื“ื•

ืœืžืจื•ืช ื”ืื•ื‘ื“ืŸ ืฉืœ ื›ืžื” ืื ื“ืจื˜ืื•ืช ืฆื™ื•ืŸ, ื›ื•ืœืœ ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกื Nar Narayan ื• Hari Shankar ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื, ื›ื™ื›ืจ Durbar ืฉืœ Patan ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืคื˜ืืŸ ื”ืžื“ื”ื™ื ืฉืœื” ืคืชื•ื—ื™ื ื›ืจื’ื™ืœ. ื”ืจืขื™ื“ื•ืช ื’ื‘ื• ืžื—ื™ืจ ื›ื‘ื“ ืขืœ ื‘ื ื™ื™ื ื™ ื”ืœื‘ื ื™ื ื”ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ืงื˜ืคื•ืจ, ืื‘ืœ ื’ื ื›ืืŸ, ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ืžื™ืžื™ ื”ื‘ื™ื ื™ื™ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืขื•ืžื“ื™ื, ื›ื•ืœืœ ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื ืคืืœ, ื—ืžืฉืช ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ื ื™ืื˜ืืคื•ืœื”.

ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืื—ืจ ื‘ืขืžืง ืงื˜ืžื ื“ื•, ื”ื ื–ืง ื”ื™ื” ืžื˜ื•ืฉื˜ืฉ. ื›ืžื” ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื‘ืจื—ื• ืขื ืกื“ืงื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื, ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืขืจื™ื ื›ืžื• Sankhu ื• Bungamati ืจืืชื” ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ืžืชืคื•ืจืจ ืœื”ืจื™ืกื•ืช. ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื”ืขืžืง ื”ื•ื ื‘ื”ื—ืœื˜ ืคืชื•ื— ืœืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื, ื–ื” ืฉื•ื•ื” ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืขื ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ืœืคื ื™ ื”ื™ืฆื™ืื” ืž ืงื˜ืžื ื“ื• ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจื•ืจ ืขืœ ืื™ืœื• ืชื—ื•ืžื™ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœืชื—ื•ื ืขืงื‘ ืฉื—ื–ื•ืจ ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืืกื•ืŸ.

ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื”

ื‘ืžื‘ื˜ ืืœ ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœืขืžืง ืงื˜ืžื ื“ื•, ื”ืขื™ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื ื•ื•ืืงื•ื˜ ื•ื’ื•ืจื—ื” ื•ื‘ืืจืžื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืžืฆื•ื“ื” ืฉืœื”ื ื”ื•ืฉืคืขื• ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ืฉืœ ืงืจื‘ืชื ืœืžื™ืงื•ืžื ืฉืœ ืฉื ื™ ื”ืจืขื™ื“ื•ืช, ื•ื”ืจืขื™ื“ื•ืช ื’ืจืžื• ื ื–ืง ื ืจื—ื‘ ืœื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ืœื’ื‘ื•ืœ ื”ื˜ื™ื‘ื˜ื™ ื•ืœ- Langtang ืขึถืžึถืง. ืขื ื–ืืช, ื”ืจื—ืง ืžืžืจื›ื– ื”ืืจืฅ, ื™ืฉ ืกื™ืžื ื™ื ืžืขื˜ื™ื ื›ื™ ืจืขื™ื“ืช ื”ืื“ืžื” ืื™ ืคืขื ืงืจื”.

ืžื–ืจื— ื•ืžืขืจื‘ ื”ืืจืฅ ืœื ื ืคื’ืขื• ืงืฉื•ืช ืžืŸ ื”ืืกื•ืŸ, ื•ืจื•ื‘ ื”ื ื–ืง ืžื•ื’ื‘ืœ ื ืชื™ื‘ื™ ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืžืจื•ื—ืงื™ื. ืจื›ื–ืช ื”ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ื•ื”ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ืคื•ืงื”ืจื” ืœื ื ืคื’ืขื” ื›ืœืœ, ื•ื”ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ื ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื–ื” ื ืกืงืจื• ื•ื”ื•ื›ืจื–ื• ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื. ืœืžืจื•ืช ื”ื ื–ืง ืœื›ืคืจื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื, ื’ื ื˜ืจืงื™ื ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ืื•ื•ืจืกื˜ ื”ื•ื›ืจื–ื• ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื.

ื‘ืฉืคืœื”, ื”ืขืจื™ื ื•ื”ื’ื ื™ื ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื˜ืจืื™ื™ ื›ืžืขื˜ ืœื ื”ื•ืฉืคืขื•. ืกืคืืจื™ ื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจ ื‘ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœ ืฆ'ื™ื˜ื•ื•ืืŸ ื•ื‘ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ื‘ืจื“ื™ื” ืžืžืฉื™ื›ื™ื ื›ืจื’ื™ืœ ื•ืžืกืคืจ ื”ื ืžืจื™ื ื‘ื ืคืืœ ื”ื•ื ืœืžืขืฉื” ื‘ืžื’ืžืช ืขืœื™ื™ื”, ืžืชื ื’ืฉ ื‘ืžื’ืžื” ื”ืื–ื•ืจื™ืช. ืžืงื•ื ื”ื•ืœื“ืชื• ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ื•ื“ื”ื” ื‘ืœื•ืžื‘ื™ื ื™ - ืชื—ื ื” ื”ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ื”ืžืกืœื•ืœ ื”ื™ื‘ืฉืชื™ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื•ื“ื• ืœื ืคืืœ - ื ืžืœื˜ ื’ื ื”ื•ื ืœืœื ืคื’ืข.

ื ืกื™ืขื” ืœื ืคืืœ ืœืื—ืจ ืจืขื™ื“ืช ื”ืื“ืžื”

ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ื”ื•ื ืœืฆื™ื™ืŸ ื›ื™ ืชืฉืชื™ืช ืœืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ื”ื™ื” ืžื•ืฉืคืข ืœื”ืคืœื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืืกื•ืŸ. ืฉื“ื•ืช ื”ืชืขื•ืคื” ืคื•ืขืœื™ื ื›ืจื’ื™ืœ ื•ื›ืžืขื˜ ื›ืœ ื”ืžืœื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืชื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืงื˜ืžื ื“ื• ื•ื”ืžืกืขื“ื•ืช ื ืฉืืจื™ื ืคืชื•ื—ื™ื, ืื• ื™ื™ืคืชื—ื• ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืœืขื•ื ืช ื”ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืช ื‘ื—ื•ืจืฃ, ืื ื›ื™ ื”ืขืกืงื™ื ื›ืจื’ืข ืจื–ื™ื.ืจื•ื‘ืข ื”ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืงื˜ืžื ื“ื• ืฉืœ ื˜ืืžืœ ื”ื•ื ื”ืจื‘ื” ื›ืžื• ืฉื”ื™ื” ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืืกื•ืŸ, ืชื—ื‘ื•ืจื” ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืขื™ืจ, ืขืžืง ืงื˜ืžื ื“ื• ื•ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืžืžืฉื™ื›ื” ื›ืจื’ื™ืœ.

ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ื”ืจืืฉื™ื™ื ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื ืคืืœ ืคืชื•ื—ื™ื ืœืชื ื•ืขื” (ืื• ื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ื™ื• ืคืชื•ื—ื™ื ื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ื™ื• ืื™ ืคืขื!), ื•ืืช ืืจื ื™ืงื• Hwy / ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืช Hwy ืœื˜ื™ื‘ื˜ ื•ืืช ื”ื‘ืกื™ืก ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™ ืฉืœ ืื•ื•ืจืกื˜ ืžื—ื ื” (ื‘ื˜ื™ื‘ื˜) ืฆืคื•ื™ ืœืคืชื•ื— ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืืช ืขื•ื ืช ื”ื—ื•ืจืฃ 2015. ืขื ื–ืืช, ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžื ื•ืชืงื™ื ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื›ืคืจื™ื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื, ืฉื‘ื”ื ื ื–ืงื™ ืจืขื™ื“ืช ื”ืื“ืžื” ื”ื•ืจืขื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžืคื•ืœื•ืช ืžื•ื ืกื•ืŸ. ืžืฆื‘ ื–ื” ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœื”ื™ืžืฉืš ื–ืžืŸ ืžื”, ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื”ื™ื ืžืฉืœืžืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื•ื•ื“ื ื›ื™ ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ื‘ืจื•ืจื™ื ื•ื›ื™ ืœื™ื ื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืขื–ื‘ ืืช ืงื˜ืžื ื“ื•.

ืžืกืข ืื—ืจื™ ื”ืืกื•ืŸ

ืจื•ื‘ ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ื ืคืืœ ืคืชื•ื—ื™ื, ืืš ื—ืœืง ืžื”ื ืชื™ื‘ื™ื ื ืฉืืจื™ื ืกื’ื•ืจื™ื ื‘ื’ืœืœ ืžืคื•ืœื•ืช ื•ืคื’ื™ืขื•ืช ื‘ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื, ื’ืฉืจื™ื ื•ื“ื™ืจื•ืช ื˜ืจืงื™ื. ืžื“ื™ื“ื•ืช ืจืขื™ื“ืช ื”ืื“ืžื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ื•ืช ืžื™ืืžื•ื˜ื• ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ืฉื™ื•ื ืœ ื”ืขืจื™ื›ื• ืืช ื”ื™ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืžื‘ื ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื ืชื™ื‘ื™ื ื•ื“ื™ืจื•ืช ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ ืื ืืคื•ืจื ื” ื•ืื•ื•ืจืกื˜, ื•ืฉื ื™ ื”ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื”ื•ื›ืจื–ื• ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื.

ื‘ืฉื ื™ ื”ืชื—ื•ืžื™ื ื”ืœืœื•, ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื ื”ื•ืฉืคืขื• ืงืœื•ืช ื•ื”ืœืฉื›ื•ืช ืคืชื•ื—ื•ืช ืœืขืกืงื™ื, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ืžื—ื ื” ื”ื‘ืกื™ืก ืฉืœ ืื•ื•ืจืกื˜, ืื’ืžื™ ื’ื•ืงื™ื•, ืฉืœื•ืฉ ืžืขื‘ืจื™ื, ืžืขื’ืœื™ ืื ืืคื•ืจื ื” ื•ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ ื”ืžืงืœื˜ ืื ืืคื•ืจื ื”, ื”ื ื—ืฉื‘ื™ื ืœื—ืœืง ืžื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ื”ื™ืคื™ื ื‘ืขื•ืœื, ืคืชื•ื—ื™ื ื›ืจื’ื™ืœ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื—ื•ืจืฃ / ื”ืื‘ื™ื‘ ื˜ืจืงื™ื ื”ืขื•ื ื”.

ืื–ื•ืจื™ ื”ืงื ื’ืฆ'ื ื’'ื•ื ื’ื” ื•ืžืงืืœื• ื‘ืžื–ืจื— ื”ืจื—ื•ืง ื•ืื–ื•ืจ ื“ื•ืœืคื•, ืžื•ืกื˜ื ื’ ื•ืจืืจื” ืœื™ื™ืง ื‘ืžื–ืจื— ื”ืจื—ื•ืง ื ืžืœื˜ื• ืืฃ ื”ื ืžืŸ ื”ื’ืจื•ืข ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืื ื›ื™ ื ื’ืจื ื ื–ืง ืœืžื•ื ื•ืžื ื˜ื™ื ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื™ื ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื. ื”ืžืžืฉืœื” ื ืคืืœื™ืช ืœืื—ืจื•ื ื” ืœื—ืชื•ืš ืืช ื”ืžื—ื™ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืชืจื™ ื˜ืจืงื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ Inner Dolpo ื• ืžื•ืกื˜ื ื’ ืžืŸ ื”ืฉืงื™ื™ื” 500 $ ืœืื“ื ืขื“ 100 $ ื‘ืœื‘ื“, ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ืคืš ืืช ื–ื” ื–ืžืŸ ื ื”ื“ืจ ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ื”ื›ืคืจื™ื ื”ื˜ื™ื‘ื˜ื™ื ืฉืœ ื˜ืจื ืก ื”ื™ืžืœืื™ื”.

ืขื ื–ืืช, ื”ื›ืคืจ Langtang ื•ื›ืžื” ื”ืชื ื—ืœื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉื›ื ื•ืช ื ื”ืจืกื• ื›ืœื™ืœ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžืคื•ืœืช ื ื’ืจืžืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืจืขื™ื“ืช ื”ืื“ืžื”, ื•ืืช Langtang ื”ื˜ืจืง ื›ืจื’ืข ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœืชื—ื•ื. ืžืคื•ืœื•ืช ื ื”ืจืกื• ื’ื ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื ื”ืžื—ื‘ืจื™ื ืืช Langtang ืœืžืกืขื™ Helambu ื•- Gosainkund, ืฉื’ื ื”ื ืจืื• ื›ืคืจื™ื ืฉื˜ื•ื—ื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืืกื•ืŸ. ืงื˜ืขื™ื ืฉืœ ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ืžืื ืกืœื•, ื”ืžืกืข ื”ืงืจื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืืœ ืจืขื™ื“ืช ื”ืจืขืฉ, ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื ื•ื—ืœืงื™ื ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ืขืžืง ื”ืฆื•ื ื”ืกืžื•ืš ื ื”ืจืกื• ืืฃ ื”ื.

ืจื‘ื™ื ื”ืœืฉื›ื•ืช Langtang, Helambu ื• Manaslu ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื ื”ื•ืขืจืš ืขืœ ื™ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืช ืžื‘ื ื™ืช, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืงื‘ืœ ืืžื™ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ืงืจืงืข ืžื™ื“ืข ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืชื ืกื” ื›ืœ ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืืœื”. ื–ื” ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ื›ื™ ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืœื ืœื”ืคื ื•ืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืฆื•ืจืš ื”ืจื‘ื” ืื• ืžืฉืื‘ื™ื ื”ืจื—ืง ื”ื›ืคืจื™ื ื”ื”ืชืื•ืฉืฉื•ืช.

ืื– ืื ื™ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืœื›ืช?

ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ืื•ื’ื•ืกื˜, ืืจื”"ื‘ ื•ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื ื™ื” ื”ืจื™ืžื• ืืช ืžืกืขื•ืช ื”ื™ื™ืขื•ืฅ ื”ืืจืฆื™ื™ื ืฉืœื”ื ื ื’ื“ ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ืœื ืคืืœ, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ื•ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืงื‘ืœ ืฉื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ื”ืงืจื•ื‘ื™ื. ืจื•ื‘ ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ื”ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ื”ืžืขืจื‘ื™ื•ืช ืžืชื›ื ื ื•ืช ืœื”ืจื™ืฅ ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ืจื’ืœื™ื™ื ื›ืจื’ื™ืœ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืขื•ื ื•ืช ื”ื—ื•ืจืฃ ื•ื”ืื‘ื™ื‘ 2015/6 ื•ื—ืœืง ืžื”ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ืืฃ ืžืฆื™ืขื•ืช ื˜ืจืงื™ื ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ื™ื ืœืฉื™ืงื•ื, ืื ื›ื™ ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืชืžื™ื“ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืงืฆืช ืžื—ืงืจ ื•ืฉื•ืชืฃ ืขื ืืจื’ื•ืŸ ืœื ืืžื™ืŸ ื›ื™ ื™ืฉ ื–ืžืŸ ืจื‘ - ืงืฉืจื™ื ืขื ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื”.

ื›ืžื•ื‘ืŸ, ืœื ืคืืœ ื™ืฉ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื” - ื›ื•ืœืœ ืžื—ืกื•ืจ ื‘ื“ืœืง ืฉื ื’ืจื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืขืžื“ื” ืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™ืช ืขื ื”ื•ื“ื• ืขืœ ื”ื—ื•ืงื” ื”ื—ื“ืฉื” ื‘ื ืคืืœ - ืื‘ืœ ืกื•ื’ื™ื•ืช ืืœื” ื”ืŸ ื—ืœืง ืžื”ื ื•ืฃ ื‘ืขืช ื ืกื™ืขื” ืœืชืช-ื”ื™ื‘ืฉืช. ืœืžืจื•ืช ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืืœื”, ื‘ืžื•ื‘ื ื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื–ื” ื–ืžืŸ ื ื”ื“ืจ ืœื‘ืงืจ ื ืคืืœ.

ื”ืชืฉืชื™ืช ืฉื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื–ืงื•ืงื™ื ืœื” ื ืžืฆืืช ื‘ืžืงื•ื, ืืš ื”ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืช ื™ื•ืจื“ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืž -50%, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ืคื—ื•ืช ืงื”ืœ ืขืœ ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ื”ืคื•ืคื•ืœืืจื™ื™ื ื•ื”ื ื—ื•ืช ืœื‘ืชื™ ืžืœื•ืŸ ื•ืœื›ืจื˜ื™ืกื™ ื˜ื™ืกื”. ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืืช ื”ื›ืกืฃ ืฉืืชื” ืžืฉืงื™ืข ื‘ืขืช ืฉื›ื™ืจืช ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืื• ืกื‘ืœ, ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ืžืœื•ืŸ ืื• ืžืœื•ืŸ, ืื• ืœืื›ื•ืœ ื‘ืžืกืขื“ื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ื™ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœืื ืฉื™ื ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื. ื‘ื”ืชื—ืฉื‘ ื‘ื›ืš 500,000 ื ืคืืœื™ ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ื™ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ื‘ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืช, ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื–ืงื•ืงื” ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืชืžื™ื“ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื‘ื ื•ืช ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืืช ื”ื›ืœื›ืœื” ืฉืœื” ืœื”ืงืคื™ืฅ ื‘ื—ื–ืจื” ื—ื–ืงื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืขืชื™ื“.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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