ืžืŸ ื”ื•ื•ืื ื” ืœื˜ื ื’'ื™ืจ: ื—ื™ื™ื”ื ืฉืœ ื”ื’ื•ืœื™ื ื”ืกืคืจื•ืชื™ื™ื

ืžืŸ ื”ื•ื•ืื ื” ืœื˜ื ื’'ื™ืจ: ื—ื™ื™ื”ื ืฉืœ ื”ื’ื•ืœื™ื ื”ืกืคืจื•ืชื™ื™ื

ื ื‘ื•ืงื•ื‘, ื”ืžื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™, ื ืจื•ื“ื”: ื”ื ืจืง ื›ืžื” ืžืŸ ื”ืกื•ืคืจื™ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ืืฉืจ ืงื™ื‘ืœื• ื”ืฉืจืื”, ืื• ื ื“ืจืฉื•, ืœืขื–ื•ื‘ ืืช ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื•ืœื–ื™ื™ืฃ ื—ื™ื™ื ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื™ื™ื ื‘ืืจืฅ ื–ืจื”.

ืžืชื•ืš ืฉื ื•ืชื™ื• ืฉืœ ืจื™ื™ื ืจ ืžืจื™ื” ืจื™ืœืงื” ื‘ืคืจื™ืก ื•ืขื“ ื™ืžื™ื• ืฉืœ ืคื•ืœ ื‘ื•ืœืก ื‘ื˜ื ื’'ื™ืจ, ืื ื• ืžืกืชื›ืœื™ื ืขืœ ื›ืžื” ืžื’ื“ื•ืœื™ ื”ืกืคืจื•ืช ื‘ื’ื•ืœื”, ืขืœ ื”ืžื ื™ืขื™ื ืฉืœื”ื - ืื™ืฉื™ื™ื ืื• ืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™ื™ื - ื•ืขืœ ื”ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืฉื‘ื”ืŸ ืขื™ืฆื‘ื• ืืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ืชื ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ืžืกืขื•ืชื™ื”ื.

ื•ื™ืฉ ืœื ื• ื›ืžื” ื”ืฆืขื•ืช ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœืœื›ืช ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืชื™ื”ื ื‘ืขืจื™ื ืž ื”ื•ื•ืื ื” ื›ื“ื™ ื˜ื ื’'ื™ืจ.

ืืจื ืกื˜ ื”ืžื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ ื‘ื”ื•ื•ืื ื”

"ื–ื” ืžืกื•ื‘ืš ืžื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืกื‘ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืฉืขื•ืช ื”ืžื•ืงื“ืžื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช ืžืขืœ ื”ื•ื•ืื ื”, "ื›ืชื‘ ื”ืžื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ ืขืœ ืคื™ื ืงื” ื•ื™ื’'ื™ื”, ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉื‘ื• ื”ืชื’ื•ืจืจ ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœื”ื•ื•ืื ื”ืž 1939-1960. "ื’ื ืื ื™ ืขื•ื‘ื“ืช ืฉื ื‘ื‘ืงืจื™ื ื”ืงืจื™ื, ื›ืคื™ ืฉืขืฉื™ืชื™ ืื™-ืคืขื ื‘ืขื•ืœื".

ื•ืื›ืŸ, ื›ืชื‘ ืœืžื™ ืฆืœืฆืœื• ื”ืคืขืžื•ื ื™ื ื• ื”ื–ืงืŸ ื•ื”ื™ื ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉื‘ืžื’ื•ืจื™ื ืฉื - ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ ืžืžื•ืงื ื‘ืžื™ื ื”ืกืžื•ื›ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืคืจืฅ ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ืฉืœ ืงื•ื‘ื”. ื”ื•ื•ืื ื” ื”ื™ืชื” ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื” ืžื‘ื™ืŸ ืžืกืคืจ ื™ืขื“ื™ื, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืคืจื™ื– ื•ืงื™ ื•ื•ืกื˜, ืืฉืจ ื”ืกื•ืคืจืช ื”ืืžืจื™ืงื ื™ืช (1899-1961) ื”ื™ืชื” ืงืฉื•ืจื” ืงืฉืจ ื”ื“ื•ืง; ื”ื•ื ืขื–ื‘ ืืช ื”ื•ื•ืื ื” ื‘ -1959, ื›ืืฉืจ ืงืกื˜ืจื• ื”ื›ืจื™ื– ืขืœ ืชื•ื›ื ื™ื•ืชื™ื• ืœื”ืœืื™ื ื ื›ืกื™ื ื‘ื‘ืขืœื•ืช ื–ืจื™ื. ื–ืืช ื”ื™ืชื” ื™ืฆื™ืื” ืžืจืจื”, ื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ืžื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ ื™ื“ืข ืฉื”ื•ื ืœื ื™ื—ื–ื•ืจ ืœืขื•ืœื.

ื‘ืฉืขื•ืช ืื—ืจ-ื”ืฆื”ืจื™ื™ื ื”ืงื•ื‘ื ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืจืžื™ื‘ ื”ืžื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ื™, ืขื ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ื‘ื‘ื™ืชื• ืฉื‘ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช, ื•ืื—ืจื™ื• ืžืฉืงืื•ืช ื‘ื—ื•ืจื™ ื”ืฉืงื™ื™ืช ื”ื—ื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืขืœื™ื•, ืœื” ื‘ื•ื“ื’ื™ื˜ื” ื“ืœ ืžื“ื™ื• ืื• ืืœ ืคืœื•ืจื™ื“ื™ื˜ื”. ืœื ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ืžื” ืœื”ื–ืžื™ืŸ? ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืขืงื•ื‘ ืื—ืจ ืขืฆืชื• ืฉืœ ืžืงื‘ืœ ืคืจืก ื ื•ื‘ืœ ืœืกืคืจื•ืช, 1954, ืฉื”ื•ืคื™ืข ื‘ืงื‘ื™ืขื•ืช ื‘ืฉื ื™ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื‘ืžื›ื•ื ื™ืชื• ื”ืื“ื•ืžื”: "ื”ืžื•ื’'ื™ื˜ื• ืฉืœื™ ื‘ื‘ื•ื“ื’ื•ืื™ื˜ื” ื“ืœ ืžื“ื™ื• ื•ื”ื“ื™ื™ืงืจื™ ืฉืœื™ ื‘ืคืœื•ืจื™ื“ื™ื˜ื”".

ื•ืœื“ื™ืžื™ืจ ื ื‘ื•ืงื•ื‘ ื‘ื‘ืจืœื™ืŸ

ื ื‘ื•ืงื•ื‘ (1899-1977) ื ื•ืœื“ ื•ื’ื“ืœ ื‘ืกื ื˜ ืคื˜ืจื‘ื•ืจื’, ืืš ืžืฉืคื—ืชื• ื ืžืœื˜ื” ืžืจื•ืกื™ื” ื›ืฉื”ื™ื” ื‘ืŸ 18. ื‘ืชื—ื™ืœืช ืฉื ื•ืช ื” -20, ื”ื ื”ื’ื™ืขื• ืœื‘ืจืœื™ืŸ, ืขื™ืจ ืฉื‘ื” ื™ื‘ืœื” ื ื‘ื•ืงื•ื‘ ืืช 15 ื”ืฉื ื™ื ื”ื‘ืื•ืช ืœื—ื™ื™ื•. ื”ืกื•ืคืจ ื”ืฆืขื™ืจ ืœื ื”ื™ื” ืžืขืจื™ืฅ ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืชื• ื”ื—ื“ืฉ - ืœื ื ืขื–ืจ ื‘ื›ืš ืฉืื‘ื™ื•, ืขื™ืชื•ื ืื™ ืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™, ื ืจืฆื— ื‘ื‘ืจืœื™ืŸ ื‘ืžืืจืก 1922 - ืืš ื”ื•ื ื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ ืฆื•ืจืš ืœื›ืชื•ื‘ ืขืœ ื›ืš. ื‘ืฉื ืช 1925 ื”ื•ื ืคืจืกื ืกื™ืคื•ืจ ืฉื ืงืจื ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืœื‘ืจืœื™ืŸ ืฉื›ืœืœื” ืชื™ืื•ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื’ืŸ ื”ื—ื™ื•ืช, ืคืื‘ ืžืงื•ืžื™ ื•ืจื›ื‘ืช ื”- S-Bahn.

ื‘ื™ื•ื’ืจืฃ ืื—ื“ ื›ืชื‘ ืขืœ ื”ืฉื ื™ื ื”ืืœื”, ื›ื™ ื ื‘ื•ืงื•ื‘ ื”ื›ื™ืจ ื’ืจืžื ื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื, ื•ืžืขื˜ื™ื ื’ืจืžื ื™ื, ืœืžืขื˜ ื‘ืขืœื™ ืงืจืงืขื•ืช, ื—ื ื•ื•ื ื™ื ื•ืื ืฉื™ ื”ื”ื’ื™ืจื” ื”ื–ืขื™ืจื™ื ื‘ืžื˜ื” ื”ืžืฉื˜ืจื”. ื•ืืฃ-ืขืœ-ืคื™-ื›ืŸ ื ืจืงืžื• ื‘ื‘ืจืœื™ืŸ ื—ื™ื™ื ื•ืงืจื™ื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ื ื‘ื•ืงื•ื‘. ื›ืฉืขื‘ืจ ืœืฆืจืคืช ื‘ -1937, ื”ื•ื ืคื™ืจืกื ืฉื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ืฉื™ืจื”, ืจื•ืžื ื™ื, ื ื•ื‘ืœื•ืช ื•ืื•ืกืคื™ื ืฉืœ ืกื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืงืฆืจื™ื, ืจื‘ื™ื ืžื”ื ื ืงื‘ืขื• ื‘ื‘ืจืœื™ืŸ, ืฉืฉื™ืžืฉื• ื‘ืกื™ืก ืœื”ืฆืœื—ื” ื”ื‘ื•ืœื˜ืช ืฉืžืฆื ืื—ืจ ื›ืš ื‘ื ื™ื• ื™ื•ืจืง ืคืจืกื•ื ืœื•ืœื™ื˜ื” ื‘ืฉื ืช 1955.

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื’ืœื•ืช ืืช ื‘ืจืœื™ืŸ ืฉืœ Nabokov, ื‘ืฆืข ืืช ื”ืฉืœื‘ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžื“ืจื™ืš 1925 ืฉืœื• ืœื‘ืงืจ ื‘ื’ืŸ ื”ื—ื™ื•ืช ื•ื”ืืงื•ื•ืจื™ื•ื ื‘ื‘ืจืœื™ืŸ, ืืฉืจ ืžืฉื ืช 1844, ื•ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ ืœืœื›ืช ืžืฉืงืื•ืช ื‘ืžืœื•ืŸ ืืœื’ื ื˜ื™ Am Steinplatz, ืฉื‘ื• ื ื‘ื•ืงื•ื‘ ื”ื™ื” ื”ื“ื™ื•ื•ื—ื™ื ื”ืจื’ื™ืœ. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืืคื™ืœื• ืœืจื›ื•ื‘ ืขืœ ื”ื—ืฉืžืœื™ืช ื ื‘ื•ืงื•ื‘ ืชื™ืืจ. ืื—ืจื™ ื”ื›ืœ, ื”ื•ื ื”ื™ื” ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืกืคืจื•ืชื™, ืœื ื—ื–ื•ืŸ ื˜ื›ื ื•ืœื•ื’ื™: ื”ื•ื ื›ืชื‘ ืฉ'ื”ื—ืฉืžืœื™ืช ืชื™ืขืœื ื‘ืชื•ืš ืขืฉืจื™ื ืฉื ื” ื‘ืขืจืš, ืžืžืฉ ื›ืฉื ืฉื—ืฉืžืœื™ืช ืจืชื•ืžื” ืœืกื•ืกื™ื ื ืขืœืžื”'. ืœืžืจื•ืช ืžืขืจื‘ ื‘ืจืœื™ืŸ ื”ืคืกื™ืง ืœื”ืคืขื™ืœ ื—ืฉืžืœื™ื•ืช ื‘ืฉื ื•ืช ื” -1960, ื‘ืจืœื™ืŸ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ืฉ ืื—ืช ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ื”ื—ืฉืžืœื™ืช ื”ื•ื•ืชื™ืงื•ืช ื•ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื.

ืจื™ื™ื ืจ ืžืจื™ื” ืจื™ืœืงื” ื‘ืคืจื™ื–

ื”ืžืฉื•ืจืจ ื ื•ืœื“ ื‘ืคืจืื’ ื‘ -1875. ืœืื•ืจืš ื—ื™ื™ื• ื”ืงืฆืจื™ื ื™ื—ืกื™ืช - ืจื™ืœืงื” ื—ื™ ืจืง ื‘ื’ื™ืœ 51 - ื”ื•ื ื ืกืข ื‘ืจื•ืกื™ื”, ืกืคืจื“, ื’ืจืžื ื™ื”, ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื”, ืฆืจืคืช ื•ืฉื•ื•ื™ืฅ. ื—ื•ื•ื™ื•ืช ืืœื” ื”ื•ื“ื™ืข โ€‹โ€‹ืืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ืชื•, ืื•ืœื™ ืืฃ ืœื ืืช ื”ืฉื ื™ื ืฉื‘ื”ืŸ ืฉื”ื” ื‘ืคืจื™ื–.

ืจื™ืœืงื” ื ืกืข ืœืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืœืขื™ืจ ื”ืื•ืจ ื‘ืฉื ืช 1902 ื‘ืžืฉื™ืžื” ืœื›ืชื•ื‘ ืžื•ื ื•ื’ืจืคื™ื” ืขืœ ื”ืคืกืœ ืื•ื’ื•ืกื˜ ืจื•ื“ืŸ; ื”ื•ื ื™ื”ืคื•ืš ืœืžื–ื›ื™ืจ ื”ืืžืŸ ื–ืžืŸ ืงืฆืจ ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ. ืืฃ ื›ื™ ืจื•ื“ืŸ ื”ื™ื” ื›ื‘ืจ ืกื•ืคืจืกื˜ืืจ ื•ืžืคืชื” ื™ื“ื•ืข ืœืฉืžืฆื” ืฉืœ ื ืฉื™ื, ื”ืจื™ืงื” ื”ื ืฉื•ืื”, ืจื•ื•ืงื”, ื”ื™ืชื” ืฆืขื™ืจื” ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืขื ื›ื™ืฉื•ืจื™ื ืฆืจืคืชื™ื™ื ืžืขื˜ื™ื ื‘ืœื‘ื“ ื•ืฉืื™ืคื•ืช ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืฉื•ืจืจ, ืื ื›ื™ ื”ื•ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื ื”ื™ื” ืžื•ื›ืจ ื‘ื—ื•ื’ื™ื ืกืคืจื•ืชื™ื™ื. ืื™ืŸ ืคืœื ืฉืจืื” ืืช ืคืืจื™ืก ื›"ืขื™ืจ ืงืฉื” ื•ืžื•ื“ืื’ืช", ื”ืžืชืืจ ืืช "ื”ืื›ื–ืจื™ื•ืช ื•ื”ื‘ืœื‘ื•ืœ ืฉืœ ื”ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื•ืืช ื”ืžืคืœืฆืช ืฉืœ ื”ื’ื ื™ื, ื”ืื ืฉื™ื ื•ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื" ื‘ืžื›ืชื‘ ืœื™ื“ื™ื“, ืขืจื‘ ืจืืฉ ื”ืฉื ื”, 1902.

ืขื ื–ืืช, ื”ื•ื ืžืฆื ื”ืฉืจืื” ืืžื™ืชื™ืช ื‘ืคืจื™ื–, ื”ืขื™ืจ ืฉื”ืคื›ื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืฉื›ื ื• ื‘- 1910, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื”ื•ื“ื•ืช ืœื™ื—ืกื™ื• ืขื ืจื•ื“ืŸ. ืชื—ืช ืขื™ื ื• ืฉืœ ื”ืฆื™ื™ืจ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ, ืฉื™ื ื” ืจื™ืœืงื” ืืช ืกื’ื ื•ื ื• ื”ืคื•ืื˜ื™, ื•ื™ืฆืจ ื›ืžื” ืขื‘ื•ื“ื•ืช ืžืคืชื—, ื›ื•ืœืœ ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื ืึทืฉืื›ึผึธื‘ึธื” ืฉื™ืจื™ื ื•ื”ืจื•ืžืŸ ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ ืฉืœื•, ื”ืžื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืืœื˜ื” ืœื•ืจื™ื™ื“ืก ื‘ืจื™ื’ ', ืกื™ืคื•ืจื• ืฉืœ ืฆืขื™ืจ ื”ืžืชืืžืฅ ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืคืจื™ื–.

ืืฃ ืขืœ ืคื™ ืฉืจื‘ื™ื ืžื”ืชืื•ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื’ื™ื‘ื•ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ื ื—ืฉื•ื›ื™ื ื›ืฆืคื•ื™, ืงื˜ืข ื‘ืœืชื™ ื ืฉื›ื— ืžืชืจื—ืฉ ื‘ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื“ื” ืงืœื•ื ื™, ื”ื™ื“ื•ืข ื›ื™ื•ื ื‘ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœ ืžื•ื™ืŸ ืื• ื‘ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœ ื™ืžื™ ื”ื‘ื™ื ื™ื™ื. ื–ื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžื•ืขื“ืฃ ืขืœ ื ื•ืกืข, ื”ื•ื“ื•ืช ืœืกื“ืจื” ื”ืคื•ืคื•ืœืืจื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื˜ื™ื—ื™ื ื”ื’ื‘ืจืช ืขื ื”ื—ื“-ืงืจืŸ, ื”ืžืชื•ืืจืช ื‘ืื”ื‘ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืžืกืคืจ ืฉืœ ืจื™ืœืงื” ืžื—ื‘ืจื•ืช.

ืคื•ืœ ื‘ื•ืœืก ื‘ื˜ื ื’'ื™ืจ

ื’ืจื˜ืจื•ื“ ืกื˜ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ื™ื ืฉื”ืฆื™ืขื” ืœื˜ื ื’'ื™ืจ ืžืงื•ื ืœื—ื‘ืจืชื” ืคื•ืœ ื‘ื•ืœืก (1910-1999) ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ื•ืœืขื‘ื•ื“. ืขืœ ืคื™ ืขืฆืชื”, ื™ืฆื ื”ืžืœื—ื™ืŸ ื•ื”ืกื•ืคืจ ื™ืœื™ื“ ื ื™ื• ื™ื•ืจืง ืœื”ืจืคืชืงื” ื”ืžืจื•ืงืื™ืช ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืฉืœื• ื‘ -1931. ื‘ื•ืœืก ื˜ื™ื™ืœ ืขื ื”ืžื•ืจื” ืฉืœื• ื•ืขื ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•, ื”ืžืœื—ื™ืŸ ืื”ืจื•ืŸ ืงื•ืคืœื ื“ - ื•ืคืกื ืชืจ ื–ืงื•ืฃ ืฉื”ื™ื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ืขื‘ื™ืจ ืื•ืชื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื—ืžื•ืจ ื‘ื™ืช ืฉื›ื•ืจ ืฉืœ ืกื•ืคืจ ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื” ืกื™ื“ื™ ืžืกื•ื“ื™.

ื‘- 1947, ื‘ืื•ืœืก ื”ืชื™ื™ืฉื‘ ืœืฆืžื™ืชื•ืช ื‘ื˜ื ื’'ื™ืจ. ื”ื•ื ื‘ื™ืœื” ืืช ืฉืืจื™ืช ื™ืžื™ื• ื‘ืขื™ืจ ื”ื ืžืœ, ื•ื ื”ืคืš ื‘ืžื”ืจื” ืœืชืคืื•ืจื” ืขืœ ืกืฆื ื” ื”ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ืช ืฉืœ ื˜ื ื’'ื™ืจ ื•ืกืžืœ ืฉืœ ื’ื•ืœื™ื ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ื ื‘ืžืจื•ืงื•. ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ื™ื” ื’ื ื ื•ืฉื ื•ื ื•ืฉื ืœืจื•ืžื ื™ื ื”ื‘ืื™ื ืฉืœื• ื•ืกื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืงืฆืจื™ื, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื ืžืงืœื˜ ืฉืึธืžึทื™ึดื (1949) ื” ืขื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ื‘ึผึทื™ึดืช (1955), ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ ื‘ื—ืงืจ ื—ื™ื™ ื”ื’ื•ืœื™ื ื•ื”ืกื›ืกื•ืš ื”ืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ื•ืช ื”ืžืจื•ืงืื™ืช ื•ื”ืงื•ืœื•ื ื™ืืœื™ื–ื ื”ืฆืจืคืชื™.

ื‘ืฆืข ืืช ื”ืฆืขื“ื™ื ืฉืœ Bowles ืœื—ืœืง ืžืŸ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื”ื•ื ืคืจื˜ื™ื ื‘ื˜ืงืกื˜ ืฉืœื• 1958 ื” ืขื•ืœืžื•ืช ืฉืึถืœ ื˜ื ื’'ื™ืจ: ื”ืฉื•ื•ืงื™ื ื”ืคืชื•ื—ื™ื soccos, ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืคื™ื, ืืช ื”ืงืคื” ืกื ื˜ืจืœ ื•ืืช ื”ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืื—ื•ืจื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื“ื™ื ื”. ื›ืคื™ ืฉื›ืชื‘ ื‘ื•ืœืก ืขืœ ื”ืœื™ื›ื” ื›ืืŸ, "ื›ืฉืื™ืŸ ื“ื‘ืจ ืžืกื•ื›ืŸ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื”ื•ืœื›ื™ ืจื’ืœ ื•ืžื‘ื•ืจืš ืžื“ื™ ืคืขื ืœื“ืื•ื’ ืœื”ื™ืชืงืœ ื‘ืš, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืงื“ื™ืฉ ื—ืœืง ืžื”ืžื•ื— ืฉืœืš ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ื•ืช ืขื ื”ืจืขื™ื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœืš".

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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