ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื ืžื”ืคื›ื ื™ื™ื: ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืงื•ื‘ื”

ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื ืžื”ืคื›ื ื™ื™ื: ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืงื•ื‘ื”

ืžื•ื ื˜ืื– ืฉืœ ืงื•ื‘ื” ืฉืœ ื ื•ืคื™ื ื“ืจืžื˜ื™ื™ื ื—ืงื•ืงื™ื ื‘ืขืžืงื™ื ืขื˜ื•ื™ื™ ืขืจืคืœ, ืžืชื ืฉื ืžื•ื’ื•ื˜ื” ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช ืขืชื•ื“ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื•ืช ืขืฉื™ืจ, ืžืฆื™ื’ ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ืžืคืชื•ืช ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ืจื’ืœื™ื™ื. ืœืื—ืจ ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ืžื•ื’ื‘ืœืช ืžืื•ื“, ืงื•ื‘ื” ื™ืฉ ืกื•ืฃ ืกื•ืฃ ืชืคืกื• ืืช ื”ืขื•ื‘ื“ื” ื›ื™ ืคืชื™ื—ืช ื”ื›ืคืจื™ื™ื ืœื”ืœื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืžื•ื›ืŸ ื™ืฉ ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืจื‘ื™ื. ืœืžืจื‘ื” ื”ืžื–ืœ, ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื–ื” ืงืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืืฉืจ ื‘ื›ืœ ื–ืžืŸ ืื—ืจ ื‘ -55 ื”ืฉื ื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช ืœื™ื”ื ื•ืช ื ืชื™ื‘ื™ื ื”ืžื“ื”ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื”ื–ืืช.

ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื”ื•ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื—ื•ื‘ื” ืขืœ ืจื‘ื™ื ืฉืœ ื˜ืจืงื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื•ื’ื ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื, ื‘ืขื•ื“ laced ืขื ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืœื™ื›ื”, ื—ืกืจื™ื ืชืฉืชื™ืช ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื–ื” ื™ืขืฉื” ืœื”ื ืฆื“ืง. ืื‘ืœ ื™ืฉ ืชื—ื•ืฉื” ื›ื™ ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ืฆื•ื‘ืจ ืชืื•ืฆื” ื‘ืงื•ื‘ื”. ื”ื ื”, ืื ื—ื ื• ืžืกืชื›ืœื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืจืฆื•ืขื” ืขืœ ืžื’ืคื™ ื”ืœื™ื›ื”.

ื”ื›ื™ ืงืฆืจ ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื

ืื•ืœื™ ืืชื” ืžื—ืคืฉ ืžื‘ื•ื ืขื“ื™ืŸ ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœืงื•ื‘ืืŸ? ืงื•ื‘ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื—ื™ื™ื‘, ืฉื›ืŸ ื”ื™ื ืžื•ืžื—ื™ืช ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ืงืฆืจื™ื ืืš ืžืชื•ืงื™ื.

ื–ื” ืงืฆืช ื™ื“ื•ืข, ืื‘ืœ Varadero ื™ืฉ ื›ืžื” ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ื ืžื™ื ื™ืžืœื™ืช ืžื•ื ื—ื” ืขืฆืžื™ืช ืžื•ื ื—ื”, ื›ืœ ืคื—ื•ืช ืž 1 ืง"ืž ืื•ืจืš ื• ื”ื ืคืงืช ืžืŸ Reserva Ecológia Varahicacos ืœื™ื“ ืงืฆื” ืฉืœ ื—ืฆื™ ื”ืื™. ืžื›ืืŸ, ืœื”ื›ื•ืช ืืช Cueva ื“ื” Musalmanes (ืžืขืจื” ื”ืžื›ื™ืœื” ื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื 2500 ื‘ืŸ ืฉื ื”) ื• ืืœ Patriarca, ืขื ืง, ืงืงื˜ื•ืก ื–ืงืŸ ืžืกื•ืงืก ืืžืจ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ื›ื•ืจ ืฉืœ ืงื•ื‘ื”. ืืชื” ืชืฉืœื CUC $ 3 ื“ืžื™ ืœื’ืฉืช ื”ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื.

ืขื•ื“ ื™ืขื“ ื ื”ื“ืจ ืœืžืฆื™ืืช ืฆืขื“ ืฉืœืš ืขืœ ื”ืงื•ื‘ื ื™ ืกื ื“ืจื•ืก (ื ืชื™ื‘ื™ื) ื”ื•ื Viñales. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืœื›ืช ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืคื—ื•ืช (ืœืœื ืชืฉืœื•ื) ืขืœ ื˜ื™ื•ืœ 2 ืง"ืž ืงืœ ืืช ื”ืขื™ืจ ืื“ืœื” Azcuy ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืคื™ื ืงื” Raúl Reyes (ืžื˜ืข ื˜ื‘ืง ืขื•ื‘ื“) ื•ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ ืžืขื‘ืจ Cueva de la Vaca, ืžืขืจื” ืฉืžืžื ื• ื ื•ืคื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืขื ื’ ืžื•ื’ื•ื˜ื”-ืคื ืงืก Valle de Viñales ืœื”ื™ืคืชื—.

ื‘ืจื’ืข ืฉื™ืฉ ืœืš ืœื—ืชื•ืš ืืช ื”ืฉื™ื ื™ื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื, ืœื ืกื•ืช ื›ืžื” ื”ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื ื”ื™ืคื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื‘ืขืžืงื™ื ื”ืกืžื•ื›ื™ื, ื›ื•ืœืœ ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื‘ืœืชื™ ื ืฉื›ื— 3 ืง"ืž ืขื“ ื”ื›ืคืจ ืœื•ืก Aquaticos ืœืฆืคื•ืช ื‘ืฉืžืฉ ืœืขืœื•ืช ืขืœ ืื–ื•ืจ ืคื•ื˜ื•ื’ื ื™ ื–ื”. ื”ืงื• ื”ืจืฉืžื™ ื”ื•ื ื›ื“ืœืงืžืŸ: ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื›ืœ ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ืžืœื‘ื“ ื”ืžืกืœื•ืœ ืคื™ื ืงื” ืจืื•ืœ ืจื™ื™ืก / Cueva ื“ื” ืœื” ื•ืืงื”, ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืžื“ืจื™ืš (ืขืœื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ื CUC $ 5 ืœ CUC $ 10 ืœืื“ื).

ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ื”ื”ืจ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ

ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ืจืฆื™ื ื™ื™ื, ืœืžืงื“ ืืช ื”ืื ืจื’ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœืš ื‘ื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ื•ืช ืขื ื”ื”ืจื™ื ื”ื ืฉื’ื‘ื™ื ืืš ื”ื ืฆื—ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืงื•ื‘ื”. ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืžืฆื‘ ืฉื™ื ืœื›ื‘ื•ืฉ ืคื™ืงื• Turquino (1972m) ื‘ ื’ืจืืŸ Parque Nacional ืกื™ื™ืจื” Maestra. ื–ื•ื”ื™ ื”ืคืกื’ื” ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืงื•ื‘ื”, ืขื ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ืชืœื•ืœ ืœืœื ื”ืจืฃ ื‘ืชื ืื™ื ื“ื‘ื™ืงื™ื, ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ืคืš ืื•ืชื• ืœื˜ืคืก ืงืฉื”.

ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื”ื•ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื ืขืฉื” ื›ืžื• ืœืžืขืœื” ื•ืœืžื˜ื” ื‘ืชื•ืš ื™ื•ืžื™ื™ื ืื• - ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืจื’ืฉ - ืœืžืขืœื” ืœืžืขืœื”, ืขื ื™ืจื™ื“ื” ืœืžื˜ื” ืœื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืงืจื™ื‘ื™ ื‘ื•ื“ื“ ื‘ Las Cuevas. ื–ื” 13 ืง"ืž ืžืกื•ืฃ ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ื”ื”ืจ ื‘ืืœื˜ื• ื“ืœ ื ืื ื ื’'ื• ืขื“ ืคื™ืงื• ื˜ื•ืจืงื™ื ื•, ืื• 22 ืง"ืž ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืžืกืœื•ืœ ื”ืžืœื ืž Alto del Naranjo ืืœ ื”ื—ื•ืฃ. ื™ื•ืžื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ื™ืขืœื” CUC $ 68 ืœืื“ื. ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื™ืฉื•ืŸ ื‘ืžืงืœื˜ื™ื ื”ื”ืจ ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื™ื ื‘ื“ืจืš (ื›ืœื•ืœ ื‘ืžื—ื™ืจ), ืื‘ืœ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืขืœื™ืš ืœืืจื’ืŸ ืชื—ื‘ื•ืจื” ืžืฉืœืš ื‘ื—ื–ืจื” Alto del Naranjo ืื• ืœืืก Cuevas.

ื”ื›ื™ ืžื”ืคื›ื ื™ rambles

ื”ืžื”ืคื›ื ื™ื ื ื”ื’ื• ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื’ื ื‘ื”ืจื™ื, ื›ืš ืฉืื™ืŸ ื–ื” ืžืคืชื™ืข ืฉื”ืื—ื™ื ืงืกื˜ืจื• ื•ื”ืœื”ืงื” ื”ืื ื˜ื™-ื‘ืื˜ื™ืกื˜ื™ืช ืฉืœื”ื ื”ืกืชืชืจื• ื‘ืกื™ื™ืจื” ืžืืกื˜ืจื”, ื”ืฉื˜ื— ื”ืงื•ื‘ื ื™ ื”ืงืฉื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื”ืžืกืชื•ืจ ืฉืœื”ื Comandancia de la Plata - ื”ืžืžื•ืงื ื’ืจืืŸ Parque Nacional ืกื™ื™ืจื” ืžืืกื˜ืจื” ืฉืœ ืžื—ื•ื– ื’ืจื ื“ื” - ืžืขื•ืœื ืœื ื”ืชื’ืœื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื›ื•ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ื˜ื™ืกื˜ื”. ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื ื™ื•ืฆืื™ื ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืงืฆืจ ืืš ืชื•ื‘ืขื ื™ 4 ืง"ืž ืขื“ ืœืืชืจ (ืืฉืจ ืžืชื—ื™ืœ ื‘ Alto del Naranjo) ืชื’ืœื• ืžื“ื•ืข, ืื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ืคืจืก ื‘ื—ืœืง ื”ืขืœื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืžืกืœื•ืœ ื™ืขืจ ืขื ืŸ ืžืชืคืชืœ ื”ื•ื ื”ืžื—ื ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžื•ืจื“ื™ื, ื ื•ืชืจ ื”ืจื‘ื” ื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ื•ื ื”ื™ื” ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื ืฉื‘ื”ื ื”ืกืชืชืจื• ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉื ื™ื 1958 ืœ -1959.

ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ืื—ืจ ืคื—ื•ืช ืžืชืžื™ื“ ืœ Comandancia de la Plata ืคื•ืขืœ 100km ืž Parque Nacional Desembarco del Granma ืขืœ ื”ื—ื•ืฃ, ื‘ืคื™ื ื” ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœ ืžื—ื•ื– ื’ืจื ื“ื”. ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ื”ื•ื ืžืงื“ืฉ ืœ -82 ื”ืžื•ืจื“ื™ื, ืฉื›ืœืœื• ืคื™ื“ืœ ื•ืจืื•ืœ ืงืกื˜ืจื•, ืฉืคืกืขื• ืžื—ื•ืฃ ืžืชื ืคืฅ ื›ืืŸ ื‘ื“ืฆืžื‘ืจ 1956, ืขืœ ื”ื“ืจืš ื”ื‘ืœืชื™ ืกื‘ื™ืจื” ืฉืœื”ื ืœื”ื“ื™ื— ืืช ื‘ืื˜ื™ืกื˜ื”. ื”ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ืขื•ืงื‘ ืื—ืจ ืžื“ืจื’ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ืจื“ื™ื ื“ืจืš ื—ืชืš ืฉืœ ื”ื ื•ืฃ ื”ืžื“ื”ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืื™, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืืœื’ืจื™ื” ื“ืœ ืคื™ื• ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกื, ืฉื ืงืกื˜ืจื• ื•ืื ืฉื™ื• ื”ืชืขืžืชื• ืขื ื”ื—ื™ื™ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ื˜ื™ืกื˜ื” ื•ื ืืœืฆื• ืœื”ื™ืคืจื“.

ื‘ืฉืœ ืจื™ื—ื•ืง ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื‘ื™ืœ, ืฉื™ืœื•ื˜ ื—ืœืฉ ืžื—ืกื•ืจ ืฉืœ ืžื“ืจื™ื›ื™ื ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ื–ื”, ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœืืจื’ืŸ ืืช ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืžืจืืฉ ืขื ืกื•ื›ื ื•ืช ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ื‘ Bayamo, ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ื›ื™ ื’ื“ื•ืœื”.

ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื—ื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ

ื‘ืฉื•ื ืžืงื•ื ืงืจื™ื‘ื™ ื›ื•ืœื• ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืชื—ืจื•ืช ืขื Parque Nacional ืืœื—ื ื“ืจื• Humboldt ืฉืœ ืžื—ื•ื– ื’ื•ืื ื˜ื ืžื• ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ื”ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™. ื–ื” swathe ืžื™ืชื•ืœื•ื’ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืขืจ trammeled ืœืขืชื™ื ืจื—ื•ืงื•ืช ื™ืฉ ืฉื™ืขื•ืจื™ ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืฉืœ ืื ื“ืžื™ื–ื, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžื™ื ื™ ืฆืžื—ื™ื. ื› 40 ืง"ืž ืฆืคื•ื ื™ืช ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืช Baracoa ื‘ืืžื™, ื”ืคืืจืง ื™ืฉ ืžืฉืจื“ ืขืœ ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ื”ืžื—ื•ืกืคืก ืžื•ืื”, ืฉื ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœืฆืืช ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ื™ืขืจ ืžื•ื“ืจืš ื‘ื™ืŸ 2 ืง"ืž ื• 7 ืง"ืž. ื”ื‘ื”ืจื” ืขืฉื•ื™ื” ืœื›ืœื•ืœ ืชืฆืคื™ืช (ืื ืœืงืœืฃ ืืช ื”ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื) ืžื™ื ื™ ื”ืฆืคืจื“ืข ื”ืงื˜ื ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื•ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ 1,000 ืžื™ื ื™ื ืฆืžื—ื™ื™ื ื”ืžื™ื•ืฆื’ื™ื ื›ืืŸ.

ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืฉื ืคืชื— ื–ื” ืขืชื”

ืขื ื”ืงืœืช ื”ื”ื’ื‘ืœื•ืช, ื ืจืื” ื›ืื™ืœื• ืฆืขื™ืฃ ื”ื•ืกืจ ืžืจืฉืช ื”ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ืงื•ื‘ื”. ื”ื ืขื•ื‘ืจื™ื ื“ืจืš ืฉื˜ื—ื™ื ืคืชื•ื—ื™ื ื•ืคื•ืชื—ื™ื ืขืœ ื‘ืกื™ืก ืฉื ืชื™. ื‘ืฆืคื•ืŸ Campagüey ืคืจื•ื‘ื™ื ืฆื™ื™ืช ืœื™ื“ Cubitas ืขืœ ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ Morón-Nuevitas, Reserva Ecológica Limones Tuabaquey ื”ื•ื ืžื™ืงื•ื ืžืขื•ืœื” ื”ืžืฆื™ื’ ืืช ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ืขื ืงื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืคื™ืชื•ื— ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื. ื“ืžื™ ื›ื ื™ืกื” ื‘ืกืš $ 6 CUC ืžื ืฆื—ื™ื ื›ืขืช ื’ื™ืฉื” ืžื•ื“ืจื›ืช ืœื ืชื™ื‘ื™ื ื”ื ืขื™ื ืœืจื•ื‘ ืž -1 ืง"ืž ืขื“ 3 ืง"ืž, ื›ืืฉืจ ืื—ื“ ืžื”ื ืžื’ื™ืข ืœืฉื™ืื• ื‘ื›ืžื” ืžืฆื™ื•ืจื™ ื”ืžืขืจื•ืช ื”ื›ื™ ืžื”ืคื ื˜ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืื™.

ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ืจืขื ืŸ ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ื™ื•ืœื™ 2017.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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