ื—ืžืฉ ืกื™ื‘ื•ืช ืœื‘ืงืจ ืœื‘ื•ื‘, ืคื ื™ื ื” ืฉืœ ืžืขืจื‘ ืื•ืงืจืื™ื ื”

ื—ืžืฉ ืกื™ื‘ื•ืช ืœื‘ืงืจ ืœื‘ื•ื‘, ืคื ื™ื ื” ืฉืœ ืžืขืจื‘ ืื•ืงืจืื™ื ื”

ื”ื‘ื™ืจื” ื“ื” ืคืงื˜ื• ืฉืœ ื”ืžืขืจื‘ ื”ืื•ืงืจืื™ื ื™ ืฉืœ ืื•ืงืจืื™ื ื”, ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืขืฉื™ืจ ืœื‘ื•ื‘ ื”ื•ื ืขื•ืœื ื”ืจื—ืง ืžืŸ ื”ืจืขื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืจื•ื‘ ื”ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ืคื•ืกื˜ ืกื•ื‘ื™ื™ื˜ื™ืช. ืœืชืžื™ื“, ืฉื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื” ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืœืคืจืื’ ืื• ืœืงืจืงื•ื‘ ื”ื‘ืื”, ื”ื™ืชื” ื–ื• ืคื ื™ื ื” ืื•ืกื˜ืจื™ืช-ื”ื•ื ื’ืจื™ืช ื—ื–ืงื”, ืฉืื•ืจื›ื” ื‘ืžื™ืœื ื™ื•ื ืฉืœ ื›ื ืกื™ื•ืช, ื—ื‘ื™ืœื” ืฉืœ ื‘ืชื™ ืงืคื” ืžื‘ื•ืฉืžื™ื ืฉืœ ืฉืขื•ืขื™ืช ื•ืฉืœ ื—ื‘ื•ืจืช ื”ืžืกืขื“ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ื–ืจื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืžื–ืจื— ืื™ืจื•ืคื”, ืขืœ ืกืฃ ื”ืชืคืจืฆื•ืช ืฉืœื‘ ื”ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื‘ืžืฉืš ืขืฉืจื•ืช ืฉื ื™ื.

ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ื”ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ื ื”ืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™ื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื™ื ื‘ื—ืœืงื™ื ืืœื”, ื“ื™ื•ื•ื” ืื•ืงืจืื™ื ื™ืช ืžืคืชื” ื–ื” ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืจืง ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก ืœืฉืœื‘ ืฉืžืืœ. ื•ื’ื ืฉืœ ืื•ืงืจืื™ื ื” ืขืœ ืคื ื™ื™ื” ืœืžืขืจื‘ ื”ื•ื ืœื ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ ืขื•ืฉื” ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื ื”ื“ืจ ื–ืžืŸ ืœืฉืœื ืœื‘ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ. ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ื”ืคื™ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžื˜ื‘ืข ื”ืื•ืงืจืื™ื ื™, hryvnya, ืžืขื•ืœื ืœื ืœืคื ื™ ืื•ืงืจืื™ื ื” ื”ื™ื” ื–ื•ืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ื™ืขื“ (ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ื—ืฉืžืœื™ืช ืขื•ืœื” ืฉื•ื•ื” ืขืจืš ืฉืœ ืฉืฉ ืกื ื˜ ืืจื”"ื‘, ื›ื•ืก ืงืคื” 80 ืกื ื˜ ืืจื”"ื‘). ืื‘ืœ ื”ืื ื–ื” ื‘ื˜ื•ื—? ื•ื‘ื›ืŸ, ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื”ื•ืคื›ื™ื ืœื‘ื•ื‘ ืžืื– ืชื—ื™ืœืช ื”ืกื›ืกื•ืš ื‘ืžื–ืจื—ื” ืฉืœ ืื•ืงืจืื™ื ื” ื”ื•ืคืชืขื• ืœืžืฆื•ื ืขื™ืจ ืขืœ ืœืžืขืœื”, ื‘ืชื™ ื”ืงืคื” ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกืžื™ื ืฉืœื” ื•ืžืกืขื“ื•ืช ืืจื•ื– nary Kalashnikov ื‘ืื•ืคืง.

ืžืกื•ืจื•ืช ืงืคื” ื•ื™ื ืื™ื•ืช

ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืขื•ืขื™ืช ื”ืฉืชื•ืœืœื•ืช ื™ืฉ ื”ืชื’ื ื‘ ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ืžื–ืจื— ืื™ืจื•ืคื” ืคืจื™ื—ื” ืฉืœ ื‘ืชื™ ืงืคื” ืžืฉื•ื‘ื˜ื™ื, ืื‘ืœ ืœื‘ื•ื‘ ืฉื•ื ื”. ื‘ืžืฉืš 50 ืฉื ื” ื‘ืœื‘ื“, ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ื‘ืกื‘ื•ืจื’ื™ืช ื”ื–ืืช ื”ืฆืœื™ื—ื” ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ืžืกื•ืจื•ืช ื”ืงืคืื™ืŸ ื”ื•ื•ื™ื ืื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื” ื•ื”ืชื•ืฆืื” ื”ื™ื ื”ืฉื•ืจื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื‘ืชื™ ื”ืงืคื” ื‘ืžื–ืจื— ืื™ืจื•ืคื”, ื—ืœืงื ืฆื•ืœื™ื ื•ืžืฉื—ื™ืชื™ื ืืช ืชืขืจื•ื‘ื•ืชื™ื”ื. ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœ ื”ืงืคื” ืฉืœ ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ืกืคื˜ืžื‘ืจ ืžืฉืœื ืžื—ื•ื•ื” ืฉืœ brews ื”ืžืขืจื‘ื™ ื”ืžืขืจื‘ื™ ืฉืœ ืื•ืงืจืื™ื ื”, ืื‘ืœ ืื ืืชื” ื”ืžื’ืจืฉ ืœืžืขืœื” ืœื‘ื•ื‘ ื‘ื›ืœ ื–ืžืŸ ืื—ืจ, Svit Kavy ืœื™ื“ ื”ืงืชื“ืจืœื” ื”ืœื˜ื™ื ื™ืช ื”ื•ื ื‘ื™ืช ืงืคื” ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ ืฉื‘ื• ื”ืžื•ืงื“ ื”ื•ื ื‘ืชืงื™ืคื•ืช ืขืœ ืฉืื™ื‘ืช ืœื‘ ืฆืœื™. ื‘ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื”ื›ื™ืฃ ืื‘ืœ ื˜ืขื™ื ื‘ืื•ืชื” ืžื™ื“ื” ืœืงื—ืช ืขืœ ื”ืžื›ืก pervolated ืฉืœ ืœื‘ื•ื‘, ืจืืฉ Lvivska Kopalnya Kavy, ืคืฉื•ื˜ื• ื›ืžืฉืžืขื• "ืœื‘ื•ื‘ ืงืคื” ืฉืœื™" ืžืžืฉ ืขืœ ื”ื›ื™ื›ืจ ื”ืžืจื›ื–ื™ืช - ploshcha Rynok. ืžืชื—ืช ื–ื” ื”ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ ื›ื”ื” ืขืฅ ื”ืื•ืกื˜ืจื™ ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืงืคื” ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ืฉื‘ื• ืฉื›ื‘ืช ืœื‘ื•ื‘ ืฉืœ arabica ื”ื•ื ืžืžื•ืงืฉ; ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื‘ืงืจ colliers ืขืœ ืฉืขื•ืขื™ืช ื”ืคื ื™ื ืœืคื ื™ ื”ื›ื•ืชืจืช ื‘ื—ื–ืจื” ืœืžืขืœื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ cuppa ืจื™ื—ื ื™.

ืžืกืขื“ื•ืช ืžื•ื–ืจื•ืช

ืžืกืขื“ื•ืช ื ื•ืฉื ื”ื ืชื›ื•ื ื” ืžืื•ืœืคืช ืœืžืจื‘ื” ื”ืฆืขืจ ืฉืœ ืจื•ื‘ cityscapes ืฉืœืื—ืจ ื”ืกื•ื‘ื™ื™ื˜, ืื‘ืœ ืœื‘ื•ื‘ ืขื•ืฉื” ืื•ื›ืœ madcap ืขื ืกื’ื ื•ืŸ. ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืœื•ืงื— ื”ืฉืจืื” ืžื”ืขื‘ืจ ื”ืขืฉื™ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ, ืžืกืขื“ื•ืช ื›ืืŸ ืœื ืจืง ืœืžืœื ืืช ื”ื‘ื˜ืŸ ืื‘ืœ ืœื”ืื›ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ืžื•ื—, ืžืชืŸ ืฉื™ืขื•ืจื™ื ื‘ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื•ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื›ืคื™ ืฉืืชื” ืœืกืขื•ื“. ื‘ืจืืฉ ื”ืขืจื™ืžื” ื ืžืฆืืช ืžืกืขื“ืช "ื”ื‘ื•ื ื™ื ื”ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ื™ื" ืฉืœ ืคืœืื•ืฉืงื” ืจื™ื ื•ืง, ื”ืžื•ื›ืจืช ื’ื ื‘ืฉื "ื”ืžืกืขื“ื” ื”ื™ืงืจื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื’ืœื™ืฆื™ื”". ืžืฆื™ืืช ื”ื“ืœืช ื”ื™ื ื‘ืœืชื™ ืืคืฉืจื™ืช ืœืœื ื™ื“ื™ืขื” ืคื ื™ืžื™ืช, ืื‘ืœ ื‘ืจื’ืข ืฉืืชื” ื‘ืคื ื™ื, ื”ืคื ื™ื, ืืจื•ื– ืขื ืกืžืœื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ื•ื ื™ื ื”ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ื™ื, ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœืš ืžื‘ื˜ ืคืชื•ื— ืคืขื•ืจ (ืœื‘ืœื•ืข ืืช ื”ืื•ื›ืœ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ). ื“ื™ื” ืœื”ื ื“ (ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืื’ื“ื•ืช) ื—ื•ื’ื’ ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืœื‘ื•ื‘ (ืืจื™ื•ืช, ื ื”ืจื•ืช ืชืช ืงืจืงืขื™ื™ื, ืžืขืฉื ื™ื ืžื˜ืื˜ืื™ื) ื‘ Warren ืฉืœ ื—ื“ืจื™ื, ื‘ืขื•ื“ Pid Sinoyu Plyashkoyu ืœื•ืงื— ืกื•ืขื“ื™ื ื‘ื—ื–ืจื” ืœื™ืžื™ ืœื‘ื•ื‘ ื”ืื•ืกื˜ืจื• ื”ื•ื ื’ืจื™ืช ื›ืžื• ื‘ืจื•ื“ืจืฉืืคื˜ ื•ืงื•ืคื•ืœ, ืฉื ื™ื”ื ืงืฆืจ ืœืœื›ืช ืž. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื—ื•ื•ื™ื” ืงื™ื ืงื™, ื”ืจืืฉ ืืœ ืงืคื” Masoch ืฉื‘ื• ื”ืžืœืฆืจื™ื ื”ืื–ื™ืงื™ื ื•ืืช ื”ืฉื•ื˜ ืœืื•ืจื—ื™ื ื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ื ื‘ื•ื—ืจื™ื ืžืชื•ืš ืชืคืจื™ื˜ ืฉืœ ืืคืจื•ื“ื™ื–ืืงื™ื ื‘ืคื ื™ื ืจื˜ื•ื‘ (ืืœ ืชื“ืื’, ื”ื›ืœ ืจืง ืงืฆืช ื›ื™ืฃ).

ืขื™ืจ ื”ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœื™ื

ื› -50 ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœื™ื ื”ืฆืคื™ืคื•ืช ืฉืœ ืœื•ื— ื”ืฉื ื” ื”ืื™ืจื•ืขื™ื ื”ืฉื ืชื™ ืฉืœ ืœื‘ื•ื‘ ื•ืœื ืžืฉื ื” ืžืชื™ ืืชื” ืžื•ืคื™ืข, ืชืžื™ื“ ื™ืฉ ืžืฉื”ื• ื”ื•ืœืš ื‘ื‘ืงืฉื” ืื—ื“ ืžื—ืžืฉืช ื”ื—ื•ืฉื™ื. ื”ืชื—ื•ืฉื” ื›ื™ Lvivites ื ืจืื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืœืกืคืง ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื•ื ื”ื˜ืขื, ืขื ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœื™ื ื”ืžื•ืงื“ืฉ ืฉื•ืงื•ืœื“, ืœื—ื, ื‘ื™ืจื”, ืงืคื”, ืกื•ืคื’ื ื™ื•ืช, ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ื•ื™ื™ืŸ ืžื•ื›ื™ื—ื” ื›ื™ ืื•ืงืจืื™ื ื” ืื™ื ื” ืฉืžืžื” ื”ืงื•ืœื™ื ืจื™ ืจื‘ื™ื ืžืฆืคื™ื. ืžื—ื–ื•ืช ืžื•ืกื™ืงืœื™ื™ื ืžืฉืงืคื™ื ืืช ื”ืขื‘ืจ ื•ื”ื”ื•ื•ื” ืฉืœ ืœื‘ื•ื‘ ืขื ื›ืœ ื“ื‘ืจ, ื”ื—ืœ ื‘ืžื•ืกื™ืงื” ืงืœืืกื™ืช (ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœ ื•ื™ืจื˜ื•ืื•ื–) ื•ืขื“ ื›ืœื™ื–ืžืจื™ื ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื™ื (LvivKlezfest), ื’'ืื– (ืืœืคื ื’'ืื– ืคืกื˜) ื•ืคื•ืœืงืœื•ืจ (ืื˜ื ื•ื‘ื™ืจ), ืžื™ืœื•ื™ ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช, ืชื™ืื˜ืจืื•ืช ื•ื›ื ืกื™ื•ืช ืขื ืจื’ืœื™ื™ื ื ืœื”ื‘ื•ืช. ืœื‘ื•ื‘ ื”ื•ื ื’ื ืฉื ื”ืœื‘ ืฉืœ ื”ื–ื”ื•ืช ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ืช ื”ืื•ืงืจืื™ื ื™ ืžื›ื” ื—ื–ืง, ื•ืื™ืŸ ืžืงื•ื ืื—ืจ ื‘ืืจืฅ ื”ื•ื ื™ื•ื ื”ืขืฆืžืื•ืช ื”ืื•ืงืจืื™ื ื™ (24 ื‘ืื•ื’ื•ืกื˜) ื—ื’ื’ ืขื ื’ื•ืกื˜ื• ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื•ื›ืืฉืจ ื™ื•ื ื”ื•ืœื“ืชื• ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฉื•ืจืจ ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ื”ืื•ืงืจืื™ื ื™ ื˜ืืจืืก ืฉื‘ืฆ'ื ืงื• (9 ื‘ืžืจืฅ) ืžื’ื™ืข ืžืกื‘ื™ื‘, ื”ื—ื•ืฆื” ื‘ืื™ื ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ื‘ื”ืžื•ื ื™ื”ื ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื™ื™ื.

ื›ื ืกื™ื•ืช ืžืจื”ื™ื‘ื•ืช

ืžืŸ ื”ืงืฉืชื•ืช ื”ื’ื•ืชื™ื•ืช ื”ืฉื‘ื•ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืงืชื“ืจืœื” ื”ืœื˜ื™ื ื™ืช ืืœ ื”ืžื™ืกื˜ื™ืงื” ืฉืœ ื”ืงืชื“ืจืœื” ื”ืืจืžื ื™ืช, ื”ืงืคืœื” ื”ื‘ื•ื™ืžื™ืช ื”ืžื•ื–ืจื” ื•ื›ื™ืคืช ื”ืจื•ืงื•ืงื• ืฉืœ ื”ืงืชื“ืจืœื” ื”ื“ื•ืžื™ื ื™ืงื ื™ืช, ืื™ืŸ ืžืงื•ื ืื—ืจ ื‘ืื•ืงืจืื™ื ื” ืžื’ื™ืข ื‘ื›ืœ ืžืงื•ื ืœื™ื“ ืœื‘ื•ื‘ ืขืœ ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ o ืžื˜ืจ. 'ื”ืื•ืคื™ื•ื ืฉืœ ื”ื”ืžื•ื ื™ื' ื”ื•ืกืžืš ื‘ืžืœื•ืื• ืžืื– 1991, ื•ื”ืกื‘ื ืœื ื™ืŸ ื”ื™ื” ืžืกืชื•ื‘ื‘ ืขืœ ืžืขืžื“ื• (ืื ื”ื•ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ื™ื” ืฉื ื‘ืื•ืงืจืื™ื ื”) ืื ื”ื™ื” ืขื“ ืœืžืจืื” ื”ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ื•ื”ื’ื•ืœื™ื ืฉืžื™ืœืื• ืกืคืกืœื™ื ื‘ืงืชื“ืจืœื” ื”ืœื˜ื™ื ื™ืช ืœืฉื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ืžื™ ืื ื’ืœื™ืช. ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื”ืงื”ื™ืœื•ืช ื‘ืžืขืจื‘ ืžืจื•ื‘ื” ืืžื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ืื•ืงืจืื™ื ื” ื™ืฉ ื”ืชื›ื•ื•ืŸ ื›ืกืคื™ื ืžื—ื•"ืœ ืœืฉื™ืคื•ืฅ, ืจื•ื‘ ื–ื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืชืžืฉืš. ื›ื“ื™ ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ืžืฆื‘ ื›ื ืกื™ื•ืช ื›ื•ืฉืœ ื”ื•ืจืฉื• ืœื™ืคื•ืœ ืœืชื•ืš ื”ืขืฉื•ืจื™ื ื”ื—ืฉื•ื›ื™ื ืฉืœ ืฉืœื˜ื•ืŸ ืžื•ืกืงื‘ื”, ื”ืจืืฉ ืฉืœ ื”ื›ื ืกื™ื™ื” ื”ื™ืฉื•ืขื™ืช ื”ื™ืฉื ื” ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืขืœ Vul Teatralna ืฉื‘ื• ืœืืจื•ื– ื”ื‘ืืจื•ืง ืกื“ื•ืง ื• ื“ื”ื•ื™ ืžื•ืขืจืš ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืื•ืจ ื”ื—ื•ื ื”ืื˜ืžื•ืกืคืจื™ ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ื™ื.

ื”ืขื‘ืจ ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™

ื›ืžื• ื‘ืžื–ืจื— ืื™ืจื•ืคื”, ืขื“ ืฉื”ื ืืฆื™ื ื•ื”ืกื•ื‘ื™ื™ื˜ื™ื ื”ืชื’ืœื’ืœื•, ืœื‘ื•ื‘ ื”ื™ื” ื˜ืœืื™ ืจื‘-ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื™ ืฉืœ ืœืื•ืžื™ื ื•ืื—ื“ ื”ืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื™ื” ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื. ืœืคื™ ื”ื”ืขืจื›ื•ืช, ื”ื™ื• ื‘ืขื™ืจ 100,000 ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ืœืคื ื™ ืžืœื—ืžืช ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื”. ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉื—ืœืง ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืžื”ืžื•ืจืฉืช ืฉืœื”ื ื ื”ืจืก ื•ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ืขืฆืžื ื ืžื—ืงื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื ืืฆื™ื, ื›ืžื” ืืชืจื™ื ืฉื•ื•ื™ื ืฉืจื“ื•. ื‘ืžืจื—ืง ื”ืœื™ื›ื” ืงืฆืจ ืžืคืœื•ืฉืงื” ืจื™ื ื•ืง ื ืžืฆื ื”ืืชืจ ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื›ื ืกืช "ืจื•ื– ืจื•ื–", ืฉื ืคื•ืฆืฅ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื ืืฆื™ื ื‘ -1941 - ืžืกืขื“ื” ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ืช ืขื•ืžื“ืช ื‘ืงืจื‘ืช ืžืงื•ื, ืืš ืชื•ื›ื ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื ื™ื™ื” ืžื—ื“ืฉ ื ืขืฆืจื•. ืœื‘ื•ื‘ ื™ืฉ ืื ื“ืจื˜ืช ื”ืฉื•ืื” ืฉืœื• ืขืœ ืงืฆื” ืฉืœ ืžืจื›ื– ื”ืขื™ืจ, ื•ืื™ืœื• ื‘ืคืจื‘ืจื™ื, ืขืœ ื”ื“ืจืš ืœื’ื‘ื•ืœ ืคื•ืœื™ืŸ, ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืงื‘ืจื•ืช Yanivske ื™ืฉ ืฉื˜ื— ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืขื ืžืฆื‘ื•ืช ื”ื›ืชื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืขื‘ืจื™ืช. ืขื ื–ืืช, ื”ืืชืจ ื”ืžืฆืžืจืจ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื•ื ืœื•ื— ื”ืžืฆื™ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืžื™ืงื•ื ืฉืœ ืžื—ื ื” ืจื™ื›ื•ื– Janowska ืฉื‘ื• ื›ืžืขื˜ ื›ืœ ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ืฉืœ ืœื‘ื•ื‘ ื ืจืฆื—ื•.

ืชื’ืจื•ื ืœื–ื” ืœืงืจื•ืช

ืœื ืžืœ ื”ืชืขื•ืคื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœ ืœื‘ื•ื‘ ื™ืฉ ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื˜ื™ืกื•ืช ืœื•ื•ื™ื ื”, ืœืžื™ื ื›ืŸ ื•ืœืขืจื™ื ืื—ื“ื•ืช ื‘ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื”, ื›ืžื• ื’ื ืœืคื—ื•ืช ืฉื ื™ ืงืฉืจื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ื ืงื™ื™ื‘. ืื—ืจืช, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื˜ื•ืก ืงื™ื™ื‘, ื•ืื– ืœืงื—ืช ืจื›ื‘ืช ืœื™ืœื”. ืžืœื•ืŸ ืืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” (Astoria) ื”ื—ื“ืฉ ื”ื™ื ื• ืžืœื•ืŸ ืืจื˜ ื“ืงื• ืžืขื•ืฆื‘ ื‘ืกื’ื ื•ืŸ ืจื˜ืจื• ืžืฉื ื•ืช ื”ืฉืœื•ืฉื™ื, ืขื ืงื‘ืจื˜ ืขืชื™ืง ื”ืžืชื•ื›ื ืŸ ืœืžืจืชืฃ, ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉื‘ื•ื™ื ื˜ืื’ 'ืžืกืคืง ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ื‘ื•ื˜ื™ืง ืžืžืฉ ื‘ืžืจื›ื– ื”ื™ืฉืŸ. ืžืœื•ืŸ ื”ื•ืกื˜ืœ ืกื™ื˜ื™ ื”ื•ืกื˜ืœ (Old City Hostel), ื”ืžืฆื™ืข ื ื•ืคื™ื ืžืจื”ื™ื‘ื™ื ื•ืžืชืงื ื™ื ืžืชื•ื—ื–ืงื™ื ื”ื™ื˜ื‘, ื”ื™ื ื• ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ืžืขืจืš ื”ื”ื•ืกื˜ืœ ื”ืžื‘ืœื‘ืœ.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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