ืœื•ืžื“ freedive ื‘ืื™ื ื“ื•ื ื–ื™ื”

ืœื•ืžื“ freedive ื‘ืื™ื ื“ื•ื ื–ื™ื”

ืฆืœื™ืœื” ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ืช. ืงืœ ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืขืจืขื•ืจ. ืœื”ื•ื˜ื™ื ืœื—ื•ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก โ€‹โ€‹ื”ืขืžื•ืง ื‘ืœื™ ืžื™ื›ืœ ื”ืคืœื“ื” ื”ืžืกื•ื‘ืš ื•ืืช ืกื‘ืš ื”ืฆื™ื ื•ืจื•ืช ื‘ืขืฆืžื™, ื”ื—ืœื˜ืชื™ ืœืชืช ืœื• ืžืขืจื‘ื•ืœืช ื‘ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืœืื™ื™ ื’ื™ืœื™ ื‘ืื™ื ื“ื•ื ื–ื™ื”.

Freediving ื”ื•ื ืกืคื•ืจื˜ ืืชืœื˜ื™, ื”ื“ื•ืจืฉ ืชืงืŸ ืžืกื•ื™ื ืฉืœ ื›ื•ืฉืจ, ื›ืš ืฉืชื•ื›ืœ ืœืฉื—ื•ืช ืœืžื˜ื” ืืœ ืฉื•ื ื™ืช ื•ืื– ืกื ืคื™ืจ ืืช ื“ืจื›ืš ืืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ืฉื˜ื— ืฉื•ื‘. ืื ื™ ืฉื ื•ืจืงืœ ื‘ืžืฉืš ืฉื ื™ื, ืื‘ืœ ืžื•ื“ืข ืœื›ืš ืฉื”ื˜ื›ื ื™ืงื” ื•ื”ืžื•ื“ืขื•ืช ื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืชื™ืช ืฉืœื™ ื—ืกืจื•ืช, ื ืจืฉืžืชื™ ืœืงื•ืจืก ื‘'ืคืจื™ื“ื™ื‘ ื’ื™ืœื™ 'ื‘ื’ื™ืœื™ ื˜ืจืื•ื•ืื ื’ืืŸ ื”ื™ืคื”ืคื™ื™ื”, ืื™ ืงื˜ืŸ ืžื•ืœ ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™-ืžืขืจื‘ื™ ืฉืœ ืœื•ืžื‘ื•ืง. ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืกืคืจ ื”ื•ื ื‘ื‘ืขืœื•ืช ืžื™ื™ืง Board, ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื ื™ื” ืžืœื ื˜ื‘ื™ืœื” ื‘ืขืœ ื”ืจืฉื•ืžื” ื”ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ืช ื•ืืช ืฉื•ืชืคืชื• ืงื™ื™ื˜ ืžื™ื“ืœื˜ื•ืŸ (ืœืœื ืงืฉืจ ื”ืžืœื›ื•ืชื™ ื”ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื™!), ืžื•ืจื” ืœื™ื•ื’ื”, ื•ื’ื ืžื•ืžื—ื” freediver.

ืกืคื•ืจื˜ ื”ื•ืœืš ื•ื’ื“ืœ

ื‘ื ื™ ื”ืื“ื ื”ืฉืชื—ืจืจื• ื‘ืžืฉืš ืืœืคื™ ืฉื ื™ื. ืจืฉื•ืžื•ืช ืกืงื ื“ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืชืืจื™ืš freediveive ื—ื–ืจื” 5000BC, ื”ื™ื•ื•ื ื™ื ื”ืขืชื™ืงื™ื ื”ืชืืžืŸ ื–ื”, ื•ืงื”ื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ื ืฉื™ื ื‘ื™ืคืŸ (ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื” ama) ื•ืงื•ืจื™ืื” (haenyeo) freedive ื”ื™ื•ื ืœืืกื•ืฃ ืฆื“ืคื•ืช, ืืฆื•ืช ื•ืคื ื™ื ื™ื.

ืคืจื™ื“ื™ื•ื•ื™ื‘ ืชื—ืจื•ืชื™ (ื”ื ืฆื™ื— ื‘ืกืจื˜ ื”ื›ื—ื•ืœ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ /) ื‘ืืžืช ืœืงื— ืืช 20 ื”ืฉื ื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช ื•ื™ืฉ ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ืื™ืจื•ืขื™ื ื•ืืœื™ืคื•ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื›ืœ ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืขื•ืœื. ืื‘ืœ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืจื•ื‘ื ื• ื‘ื ื™ ืชืžื•ืชื”, ืคื ืื™ freediving ื”ื•ื ืขืœ ื›ืœ ืœืœืžื•ื“ ืœืฉื ืจืงืœ ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื›ืš ืฉื ื•ื›ืœ ืœืจืื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ื—ื™ื™ื ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก.

ืงื•ืจืกื™ื ื•ื”ื“ืจื›ื•ืช ืžืื•ืจื’ื ื™ื ื”ืŸ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ SSI (ื‘ืชื™ ืกืคืจ ืกืงื•ื‘ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™, divessi.com) ื• AIDA (aidainternational.org).

ืžื“ืข ื”ื—ื•ืคืฉ ื”ื—ื•ืคืฉื™

ื—ื•ืคืฉ ื”ื•ื ื”ื›ืœ ืขืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืจื’ื•ืข ื›ื›ืœ ื”ืืคืฉืจ ืคื™ื–ื™ืช. ื›ื›ืœ ืฉืืชื” ืขืฆื‘ื ื™ ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืžื”ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืืช ื”ืœื‘ ืคื•ืขื, ื™ื•ืชืจ ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ืืชื” ืžืฉืชืžืฉ. ืœืžืจื‘ื” ื”ืžื–ืœ ืœื ื• ื‘ื ื™ ื”ืื“ื ื™ืฉ ืžื ื’ื ื•ืŸ ืžื•ื‘ื ื” (ืจืคืœืงืก ืฆืœื™ืœื” ืžืžืœื™ืื ื™ืช) ื›ื“ื™ ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœื ื•. ืœื˜ื‘ื•ืœ ืืช ื”ืคื ื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื ื•ืืช ื”ืœื‘ ืฉืœืš ื™ื•ืจื“ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืื•ื˜ื•ืžื˜ื™, ืฉื™ืžื•ืจ ืื ืจื’ื™ื”. ื‘ืื•ืชื• ื–ืžืŸ ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื“ืžื™ื™ืŸ ื ืคืฉื™ืช ืืช ื”ืฆืœื™ืœื” ืงื“ื™ืžื”.

ื‘ื’ืœืœ ื”ืื•ืคื™ ื”ืชื—ืจื•ืชื™ ืฉืœ freedive, ื™ืฉ ืœื• ืžื•ื ื™ื˜ื™ืŸ ื›ืžื• ืกืคื•ืจื˜ ืงื™ืฆื•ื ื™. ื›ืŸ, ื™ืฉ ืกื•ืคืจื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืฆืœื•ืœ ืœืžืขืžืงื™ื ืžื˜ื•ืจืคื™ื ืขืœ ื ืฉื™ืžื” ืื—ืช ืฉืœ ืื•ื•ื™ืจ (ื”ืžื“ืจื™ื›ื” ืฉืœื™ ืžื™ื™ืง ื”ื’ื™ืข 91m). ืื™ืžื•ืŸ ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ ื”ื•ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™, ื• freedivers ื”ื™ื•ื ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืžืขืจื›ืช 'ื—ื‘ืจ' (ื›ืžื• ืฆืœื™ืœื”) ืื– ื™ืฉ ืžื™ืฉื”ื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื• ื›ื“ื™ ืœื‘ืฆืข ื ื”ืœื™ ื”ืฆืœื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืงืจื•ืช.

ื”ืงื•ืจืก

ืงื•ืจืก ื”- SSI Level Level ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืฉื”ืชื—ืœืชื™ ื‘ืžืฉืš ื™ื•ืžื™ื™ื ื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ื‘ื—ืœืœ ื”ื™ื•ื’ื” ืฉืœ ืคืจื™ื“ื™ื‘ ื’ื™ืœื™, ื•ื”ืกื‘ื™ืจ ืืช ื˜ื›ื ื™ืงื•ืช ื”ื ืฉื™ืžื” ื”ื“ื™ืืคืจืžื™ื•ืช ื”ื“ืจื•ืฉื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžืงืกื ืืช ืฆืจื™ื›ืช ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจ. ื‘ื”ืžืฉืš ื”ืชื™ื™ื—ืกื ื• ืœืกื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื ื”ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœื™ื™ื ื”ื›ืจื•ื›ื™ื ื‘ื›ืš, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืขื ื”ืคืกืงืช ื—ืฉืžืœ (ืฉื”ื™ื ื ื“ื™ืจื” ืžืื•ื“, ืืš ืขืœื•ืœื” ืœื”ืชืจื—ืฉ ืขืงื‘ ืžื—ืกื•ืจ ื‘ื—ืžืฆืŸ). ื”ื›ื™ืชื” ืฉืœื ื• ื›ืœืœื” spearfisher ืžื ื•ืกื” ืžืื•ืกื˜ืจืœื™ื” ื•ืžื ื”ืœ ืฉื™ื•ื•ืง ืฉืœ ืคื•ืœื”ืื ื‘ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื ื™ื” (ืฉืžืขื•ืœื ืœื snorkelled ืœืคื ื™). ื›ืœ ื”ืงื•ืจืกื™ื ืœืฉืœื‘ ื™ื•ื’ื” stretches ืขื ืื™ืžื•ืŸ freedive.

ืจื•ื‘ ืื™ืžื•ืŸ freedive ื›ืจื•ืš ืฉื—ื™ื™ื” ืื ื›ื™ืช ืœืื•ืจืš ืงื• ื™ืจื™ื“ื” ื‘ื™ื ื”ืคืชื•ื—. ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ื›ื—ื•ืœ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืš ืื‘ืœ ืืชื” ืžืชืจื›ื– ื‘ื˜ื›ื ื™ืงื” ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืืฉืจ ื‘ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉ ืื—ืจ ืฉื•ื ื™ืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืืงื•ื•ื™ื˜ื™ sealife. ื›ื•ืœื ื”ื’ื™ืขื• ืขื“ 8 ืž 'ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ื”ืงื•ืจืก, ื•ืฉื ื™ื ื• ื”ื’ื™ืขื• 20m. ืžืื•ื—ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ืฉืชืžืฉื ื• ื‘ืื™ืžื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœื ื• ื›ื“ื™ ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืฉืงื™ืขื” ืจื™ืฃ ืžื—ื•ืฅ ื’ื™ืœื™ Trawangan, ืฉื ื–ื™ื”ื™ื ื• ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ืฆื‘ื™ื hawksbill (ื‘ื—ื•ืจ, ืื ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืชืงื“ืžื™ื, freedivers).

ื”ื ื™ืกื™ื•ืŸ

ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืคืฉ ืฉืœ ืื™ืŸ ืฆื™ื•ื“ ืฆืœื™ืœื” ืžื’ื•ืฉื ืœื”ืื˜ ืื•ืชืš, ื—ื•ืกืจ ื‘ื•ืขื•ืช (ืืฉืจ ืœื”ืคื—ื™ื“ ืืช ื”ื“ื’ื™ื) ื•ืืช ื”ืฉืชื™ืงื” ืฉืœ ื—ื•ื•ื™ื” ืชืช ืžื™ืžื™ ื”ื•ื ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืžืื•ื“. ืื ื™ ื’ื ืื•ื”ื‘ ืืช ื”ืืชื’ืจ ื”ื’ื•ืคื ื™ ื•ื”ื ืคืฉื™, ื•ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืื ื™ ืœื ืืชืœื˜ (ื•ืื ื™ ืื”ื™ื” 50 ื‘ืฉื ื” ื”ื‘ืื”) ืื ื™ ืจื•ืื” ืืช ืขืฆืžื™ ืขื•ืฉื” ืืช ื–ื” ืกืคื•ืจื˜ ื‘ืžืฉืš ืฉื ื™ื ืœื‘ื•ื ื•ืœื”ืฉื™ื’ ืขื•ืžืง ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืืฉืจ 22m ื”ื’ืขืชื™ ื‘ ื’ื™ืœื™ Trawangan.

ื”ืื™

ื’ื™ืœื™ Trawangan ื”ื•ื ืื™ ืืœืžื•ื’ื™ื ืงื˜ื ื˜ืŸ ืฉืชื™ื™ื ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ืกื™ืจื” ืฉืขืชื™ื™ื ืžืžื–ืจื— ื‘ืืœื™. ืœืื—ืจ ื™ืขื“ ืฆื“ ืชืจืžื™ืœืื™ื, ื”ื•ื ื”ืชื‘ื’ืจ ืœืชื•ืš ื—ื–ื•ืŸ ืจื’ื•ืข ืฉืœ ื”ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื”ื˜ืจื•ืคื™ื™ื, ื•ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืคื™ื ื”ืœื‘ื ื™ื ืื™ื“ื™ืœื™ืช ื—ื•ืœ ืžื ื•ืงื“ื™ื ืžืœื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ื•ื”ื• ื•ืžืกืขื“ื•ืช ืคื™ืจื•ืช ื™ื. ื’ื™ืœื™ Trawangan ื™ืฉ ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ืื™ืจื•ื— ืจื‘ื•ืช, ื—ื•ื‘ืง ื”ื›ืœ ืžืŸ ื”ืชืงืฆื™ื‘ ืขื“ high-end - ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืืช bungalows shoreside ื‘ ืงืืจืžื” ืงื™ืืง ื•ื™ืœื•ืช ื™ื•ืงืจื” ืฉืœ Kokomo. ื™ืฉ ื’ื ื›ืžื” ืฆืœื™ืœื” ืžืขื•ืœื” ืฆืœื™ืœื” ื”ืกืคืจ ื›ื•ืœืœ Lutwala.

ื—ื•ืคืฉ ื‘ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืื—ืจื™ื ื‘ืขื•ืœื

ื™ืฉ ื›ื™ื•ื ื‘ืชื™ ืกืคืจ ืžืฉื•ื—ืจืจื™ื ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื - ืžืื•ืกื˜ืจืœื™ื” ื•ืขื“ ืื™ื™ ื‘ื”ืืžื”, ื•ืื™ืกืœื ื“ ืœืชืื™ืœื ื“.

ื“ื”ื‘ ืขืœ ื—ืฆื™ ื”ืื™ ืกื™ื ื™ ื‘ืžืฆืจื™ื ืžืฆื™ืข ืžืจื›ื– ืคืจื™ื“ื™ื•ื•ื™ื– ื‘ืจืžื” ืขื•ืœืžื™ืช, ื•ืืช ื—ื•ืจ ื›ื—ื•ืœ ืžืจื”ื™ื‘ (ืžื›ื” ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ืช freedive). ื›ื—ื•ืœ ืื•ืฉืŸ ื—ื™ื ื ืฆื•ืœืœื ื™ื (blueoceanfreedivers.com) ื™ืฉ ื‘ืจื™ื›ื” ืฉื ื‘ื ืชื” 30m ืžืืžืŸ ืœืื™ืžื•ืŸ ื‘ื“ื”ื‘, ื•ืžืฆื™ืข ืงื•ืจืกื™ื ื™ื•ื ืื—ื“ AIDA ื˜ืกื˜ืจ. ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ืžืœื•ืŸ ื“ื”ื‘ ื“ื™ื™ื•ื•ืจืก (Dahert Divers) ืžืžื•ืงื ื’ื ื‘ื“ื”ื‘ (Dahab), ื•ื”ื•ื ืžืฆื™ืข ื—ื‘ื™ืœืช ื ื•ืคืฉ ืžืฉื•ื“ืจื’ืช ื‘ืช ืฉื‘ืขื” ืœื™ืœื•ืช (ื›ื•ืœืœ ืžืœื•ืŸ ื•ื”ืขื‘ืจื•ืช, ืืš ืœื ื˜ื™ืกื”), ื”ื›ื•ืœืœืช ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืคืฉ ื”ื›ื—ื•ืœ, ืืช ืชืื•ื ืช ื”ื›ื•ื›ื‘ื™ื ื•ืืช ืฉื•ื ื™ืช ื”ื›ืจื™ืฉ ืฉืœ ืจืืก ืžื•ื—ืžื“, ื•ืืช ืกืคืืจื™ ื”ื’ืžืœื™ื.

ืงื•ืจื ื•ื•ืœ ื‘ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื ื™ื” ืžืฆื™ืขื” ืคืจื™ื“ื™ื•ื•ื™ื– ืžืจืชืง, ื›ื•ืœืœ ื”ื–ื“ืžื ื•ืช ืœืฉื—ื•ืช ืขื ื›ืจื™ืฉื™ื basking ื•ืกืจื˜ื ื™ ืขื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ื ื•ื“ื“ื™ื ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ ื”ืื‘ื™ื‘. ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื ื™ื” ื”ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ืช (freediveuk.com) ื™ืฉ ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืจื—ื‘ ืฉืœ ืงื•ืจืกื™ื ื•ืกื™ื•ืจื™ื ืฉื ื•ืจืงืœ.

ืขื•ื“ ืžื™ื“ืข

ื”ืืชืจ deeperblue.com ื”ื•ื ืžืฉืื‘ freediving ืžืคืชื— ื• ืžืงื•ื ื ื”ื“ืจ ืœืคื’ื•ืฉ ื•ืœืœืžื•ื“ ืขืœ ื”ืกืคื•ืจื˜ ืขื ืคื•ืจื•ืžื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ freedivers ื• spearfishers ืœื—ืคืฉ ื—ื‘ืจื™ื, ืœื“ื•ืŸ ื‘ืืชืจื™ ืฆืœื™ืœื” ืชื ืื™ ื”ื™ื.

ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ืคื•ืจืกื ืœืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื‘ื“ืฆืžื‘ืจ 2012 ื•ืขื“ื›ืŸ ื‘ื“ืฆืžื‘ืจ 2014.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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