ื”ื‘ื ืช ื•ื•ื“ื• ื‘ืื™ื™ื ื”ืงืืจื™ื‘ื™ื™ื

ื”ื‘ื ืช ื•ื•ื“ื• ื‘ืื™ื™ื ื”ืงืืจื™ื‘ื™ื™ื

ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืžื“ื™, ืžืฆื‘ ื‘ืจื™ืจืช ื”ืžื—ื“ืœ ืฉืœ ื”ื™ื ื”ืงืจื™ื‘ื™ ื”ื•ื ืชืžื•ื ื” ื—ืกืจืช ื“ืื’ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืคื™ื ื•ืจื•ื. ืฉื•ื˜ืคื™ื ื•ื—ื•ื–ืจื™ื: ื–ื•ื”ื™ ื ื•ืกื—ื” ืžื•ืฆืœื—ืช ืœื”ื—ืจื™ื“. ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ืœื ืžืฉืื™ืจ ื”ืจื‘ื” ื”ื™ืงืฃ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœื”ืฉืชืœื˜ ืขืœ ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื™ืช ื”ืขืฉื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ื”ืื–ื•ืจ. ื”ื“ืชื•ืช ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ื™ื - ืž"ื•ื•ื“ื• "ื‘ื”ืื™ื˜ื™ ื•ืขื“ ืœืื•ื‘ืื” ืฉืœ ื’'ืžื™ื™ืงื” ื•ืกื ื˜ืจื™ื” ืฉืœ ืงื•ื‘ื” - ืžืฆื™ืขื•ืช ืชื•ื‘ื ื•ืช ืขืฉื™ืจื•ืช ื‘ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ืงืืจื™ื‘ื™ื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืื•ืจื— ื”ืกืงืจื ื™.

ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ืืžื•ื ื” ืืœื” ื”ื™ื• ืžื–ื•ื™ืคื•ืช ืžืŸ ื”ืื™ืžืคืจื™ื” ื•ื”ืขื‘ื“ื•ืช, ื•ืืช ื”ื”ืชื ื’ืฉื•ืช ืฉืœ ืื™ืจื•ืคื” ื•ืืคืจื™ืงื” ื‘ืืžืจื™ืงื”. ื”ื ืชืขืจื•ื‘ืช ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ืช ืฉืœ ืžืกื•ืจื•ืช ืฉื”ื•ื‘ืื• ืžืืคืจื™ืงื” ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ืกื—ืจ ื”ืขื‘ื“ื™ื ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืžืื•ืช ื” -17 ื•ื” -19, ืžืขื•ืจื‘ื‘ ืขื ื”ื ืฆืจื•ืช ื”ืงื•ืœื•ื ื™ืืœื™ืช ื•ื˜ืงืก ืคื•ืœื—ืŸ ืžืŸ ื”ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ื”ืžืงื•ืจื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ื™ื. ื‘ืฉื•ื ืžืงื•ื ื–ื” ืžืžื—ื™ืฉ ืืช ื–ื” ื˜ื•ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืืฉืจ ื”ืื™ื˜ื™ - ื‘ื™ืชื• ืฉืœ ื•ื•ื“ื• ื‘ืื™ื™ื ื”ืงืจื™ื‘ื™ื™ื ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื›ื™ ื”ื•ื ืœืื˜ ืื‘ืœ ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ืขื•ืœื” ืžืŸ ื”ืืคืจ ืฉืœ ืจืขื™ื“ืช ื”ืื“ืžื” 2010 ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืœื™ืขื“ ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืชื™ ื—ื“ืฉ ืฉื•ื‘.

ืžื™ืชื•ืกื™ื ื•ืื™ ื”ื‘ื ื•ืช

ืจืง ืื•ืžืจ ืืช ื”ืžื™ืœื” "ื•ื•ื“ื•" ืžื‘ื™ื ื ืคื™ืœื” ืฉืœ ืงืœื™ืฉืื•ืช, ืžืŸ ื”ืงื•ืžื“ื™ื” ืžื›ืฉืคื•ืช ื”ืจื•ืคืื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืกืจื˜ ื‘ื•ื ื“ ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ื•ืœืชืช ืœืžื•ืช ืืœ ื”ืงืกื ืฉืœ ื”ื•ืœื™ื•ื•ื“ ืœืœื ื”ืจืฃ ืขื ื–ื•ืžื‘ื™ื. ืคื—ื“ื™ื ืžื—ืจื™ื“ื™ื ื”ืชืขื•ืจืจื• ืขืœ ื”ื“ืชื•ืช ื”ืืœื” ืžืื– ื”ืชืงื•ืคื” ืฉื‘ื” ื”ืขื‘ื“ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ื˜ื™ ื”ืฉืชื›ื ืขื• ืœื”ืฉืชื—ืจืจ ืžืฉืœื˜ื•ื ื• ืฉืœ ื ืคื•ืœื™ืื•ืŸ ื•ื”ืงื™ืžื• ืืช ื”ืจืคื•ื‘ืœื™ืงื” ื”ืฉื—ื•ืจื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืœืคื ื™ ืžืืชื™ื™ื ืฉื ื”, ืขื ืชืขืžื•ืœื” ื•ืกื•ืคืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืขื™ืกืช ื”ืื•ื›ืœ ืขืœ ืกื™ืคื•ืจื™ ืงื ื™ื‘ืœื™ื–ื ื•ื—ื–ืงืชื ื‘ื’'ื•ื ื’ืœ ืชื•ืคื™ื ืื™ ืคืขื. ื™ืฉ ื‘ืืžืช ืื™ืŸ ืฆื•ืจืš ืœืคื—ื“ ืื ื›ื™ - ื”ืชืžื•ื ื” (ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ืื™ื•ืช ืžื™ื•ืฉืŸ ื• 'ื•ื•ื“ื•' ื›ื™ืฉื•ืฃ) ื”ื•ื ืจื—ื•ืง ืžืŸ ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ืืžื™ืชื™, ื•ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ืžื•ื–ืžื ื™ื ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืœื—ื•ื•ืช ื˜ืงืก ืœืขืฆืžื. ืืชื” ืืคื™ืœื• ืœื ืžื•ืฆื ื‘ื•ื‘ืช ื•ื•ื“ื• ื ืชืงืข ื‘ืื•ืคืง: ื”ื ื”ืžืฆืื” ื‘ื“ื™ื•ื ื™ืช.

ืžื” ื–ื” ื•ื•ื“ื•?

ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ adage ื™ืฉ ืืช ื–ื” ื›ื™ ื”ืื™ื˜ื™ ื”ื•ื 90 ืื—ื•ื– ืงืชื•ืœื™, 10 ืื—ื•ื– ืคืจื•ื˜ืกื˜ื ื˜ื™ ื• 100 ืื—ื•ื– ื•ื•ื“ื•. ืขื•ืงื‘ื™ื (vodouisants) ืžืืžื™ื ื™ื ื‘ืืœื•ื”ื™ื, ืื‘ืœ ืืœื•ื”ื™ื ื›ืœ ื›ืš ืจื—ื•ืง, ื›ื™ ื”ื•ื ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืชืงืฉืจ ืขื ื™ืฉื™ืจื•ืช. ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื–ืืช, ื”ื ืกื•ื’ื“ื™ื ืจื•ื—ื•ืช (ื ืงืจื ืœื•ื•ื” ืื•ึน ืœื•ืื”) ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืชืขืจื‘ ืื™ืชื•. ื™ืฉ ืคื ืชื™ืื•ืŸ ืขืฉื™ืจ ืœื•ื•ื”, ืžื“ืžื‘ืืœืœื”, ื”ื ื—ืฉ ืฉื™ืฆืจ ืืช ื”ืขื•ืœื, ืœืื–ื™ืœื™ ืคืจื“ื” ืจื•ื— ื”ื ืฉื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืื”ื‘ื”, ืืœ ื”ื‘ืจื•ืŸ ืกืžื“ืื™ ื”ื‘ื›ื™ืจ, ืฉื”ื•ื ืฉื•ืžืจ ื‘ืชื™ ื”ืงื‘ืจื•ืช. ืชืคื™ืœื”, ืฉื™ืจ ื•ืชื•ืคื™ื ืžืฉืžืฉื™ื ื›ื•ืœื ืœื–ืžืŸ ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืœื•ื•ื” ื‘ื˜ืงืกื™ื ืฉืœืงื—ื• ื—ืœืง ื–ืžื ื™ ืžื—ื‘ืจื™ ื”ืงื”ื™ืœื” ื•ื™ืชื›ืŸ ืฉื™ื‘ืงืฉื• ืขืฆื”, ืจื™ืคื•ื™ ืื• ื‘ืจื›ื•ืช. ื˜ืงืกื™ื ื”ื ืขื ื™ื™ื ื™ ืจืืฉ, ืขื ื”ืจื‘ื” ืžื•ืกื™ืงื” ื•ืจื•ื, ื•ืœืคืขืžื™ื ืœืจื•ืฅ ืขื“ ืขืœื•ืช ื”ืฉื—ืจ.

ื˜ืงืกื™ ื•ื•ื“ื•

ืื–, ืื™ืš ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืฉืชืชืฃ ื‘ื˜ืงืก ื•ื•ื“ื•? ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื”ื•ื ืœืฆื™ื™ืŸ ื›ื™ ื•ื•ื“ื• peristyles (ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื) ื”ื ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช tucked ืžืฉื ื•ื˜ืงืกื™ื ืœืงืจื•ืช ื‘ืœื™ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืชืจื•ืขื” - ื”ื ืœื ืงืœ ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ื›ืžื• ื™ื•ื ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื›ื ืกื™ื™ื”. ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืžืงื•ืžื™, ืืฉืจ ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืจืง ืœื”ืฆื‘ื™ืข ืœืš ื‘ื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื›ื•ืŸ, ืืœื ื’ื ืœื”ื›ื™ืจ ืœืš ืืช ื”ื›ื•ืžืจ. ืจื•ื‘ ืžืชืจื’ืœื™ ื”ื•ื•ื“ื• ืžืงื“ืžื™ื ื‘ื‘ืจื›ื” ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื, ืžืชื•ืš ืชืงื•ื•ื” ืฉื”ื ื™ื ืงื˜ื• ืžื‘ื˜ ื—ื™ื•ื‘ื™ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ื”ืชืจื’ื•ืœ ื‘ื‘ื™ืช. ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ืชื™ื™ื—ืก ืœื›ื•ืžืจ (ื houngan ืื•ึน ืžืžื‘ื•, ืชืœื•ื™ ืื ื”ื ื–ื›ืจ ืื• ื ืงื‘ื” ื‘ื”ืชืืžื”) ืขื ื›ื‘ื•ื“ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžืชืŸ ืžืชื ื”, ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ ื‘ืงื‘ื•ืง ืฉืœ ืจื•ื Barbancourt ืื• ืืคื™ืœื• ื›ืžื” ืกื™ื’ืจื™ื ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื’ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืชื‘ืงืฉ ืขืœ ืชืจื•ืžื” ื‘ืžื–ื•ืžืŸ - ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืฆื™ืข ื”ืฆืขื” ืœื•ื•ื”, ืœืฉืœื ืืช ื”ืžืชื•ืคืคื™ื ืื• ืœืชืจื•ื ืื—ื–ืงื” ืฉืœ peristyle.

ืืœืžื ื˜ื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ืฉืœ ื˜ืงืกื™ื ืกื•ื“ื™ื™ื ื•ืžืชืจื—ืฉื™ื ืžืื—ื•ืจื™ ื“ืœืชื•ืช ืกื’ื•ืจื•ืช. ื‘ืจื’ืข ืฉื”ื ืžืชืงื“ืžื™ื ืืœ ื”ืคืชื—, ื”ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ื‘ืขื ื™ื™ื ื™ื ืื™ื ื˜ื™ืžื™ื™ื ืžืื•ื“; ื‘ืžืงืจื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืžื•ื˜ื‘ ืœืฉื‘ืช ื‘ืฆื“. ื”ื™ื• ืžื•ื“ืขื™ื ืœื›ืš ืฉืจื•ื‘ ื”ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ื ื›ืจื•ื›ื™ื ื‘ื”ืงืจื‘ืช ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืžืกื•ื’ ื›ืœืฉื”ื•, โ€‹โ€‹ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืชืจื ื’ื•ืœืช. ื”ืจื™ื’ืชื• ืฉืœ ื‘ืขืœ ื—ื™ื™ื ื”ื•ื ื”ืืžื™ืŸ ืœืฉื—ืจืจ ื—ื™ื™ื, ืืฉืจ ืœื•ื•ื” ืœืงื‘ืœ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืฆืขื™ืจ ืืช ืขืฆืžื ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื”ืชืœื”ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื˜ืงืก.

ื˜ืงืกื™ื ืžืชืงื™ื™ืžื™ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื‘ืœื™ืœื”, ื”ื—ืœ ื‘ื›ืœ ืขืช ืžืŸ ื”ืฉืงื™ืขื” ื•ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืขื“ ืฉื—ืจ. ืื•ืœื™ ืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืœืงืฆื‘ ืืช ืขืฆืžืš, ืื ื›ื™ ื–ื” ืžืงื•ื‘ืœ ืœืฉื•ื˜ื˜ ืคื ื™ืžื” ื•ื”ื—ื•ืฆื” ืฉืœ ืคืจื™ื ื’ '. ืื ืืชื” ื ืฉืืจ ืžืื•ื—ืจ, ืœื ืกื•ืช ืœืืจื’ืŸ ืชื—ื‘ื•ืจื” ื”ื‘ื™ืชื” ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืฉืชืชืคื•ืช, ื›ืžื• ืžื•ื ื™ื•ืช ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืœื”ืชื™ื™ื‘ืฉ ืžืื•ื—ืจ ื‘ืœื™ืœื”.

ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœื™ื

ืื ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ, ื–ื” ืฉื•ื•ื” ืขื™ืชื•ื™ ื”ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ืฉืœืš ืขื ืื—ื“ ื”ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœื™ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ื˜ื™. ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื•ื ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ Fet Gédé, ื™ื•ื ื”ืื™ื˜ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืžืชื™ื, ืฉื ืขืจืš ื‘ืชื—ื™ืœืช ื ื•ื‘ืžื‘ืจ. ื‘ืชื™ ืงื‘ืจื•ืช ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืืจืฅ ื”ื ื ื™ืงื• ืžืขื•ื˜ืจ, ื•ื•ื“ื•ื™ืกื ื˜ื™ื ืœืืกื•ืฃ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื›ื‘ื“ ืืช ื”ืžืชื™ื ื•ืœืขื•ืจืจ ื”ื‘ืจื•ืŸ Samedi ื•ืืฉืชื• ืžืืžื ื‘ืจื™ื’ื™ื˜. ื”ืจื•ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื’ื“ื” ื”ืŸ ื–ื•ืขืคื•ืช ื•ืจืขื™ืœื•ืช, ื•ืืœื• ืฉื ืžืฆืื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื˜ืงืกื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืคืจื•ื‘ื•ืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ืช ื•ืคืจื˜ื™ื•ืช.

ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ื™ื•ืœื™, ืจืืฉ ื”ืžืคืœื™ื ื”ื™ืคื™ื ืฉืœ Saut d'Eau ืœื™ื“ ืคื•ืจื˜ ืื• ืคืจื™ื ืก ืขื ืืœืคื™ ืขื•ืœื™ ืจื’ืœ ืœื”ืชืจื—ืฅ ื‘ืžื™ื ื”ืงื“ื•ืฉื™ื.ื”ื ื”, ืืช ืื•ืคื™ syncretic ืฉืœ ื“ืช ื”ืื™ื˜ื™ ื”ื•ื ื‘ื•ืœื˜ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืขื ืžืชืคืœืœื™ื ื•ื•ื“ื• ื•ืงืชื•ืœื™ื ืžืชืขืจื‘ื™ื ืœื”ืฆื™ืข ืชืคื™ืœื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ Ezili Danto ื•ืืช ืžืงื‘ื™ืœื” ื”ื ื•ืฆืจื™, ื”ื‘ืชื•ืœื” ืžืจื™.

ื’ื ืื ืืชื” ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื–ื” ืœืื—ื“ ื”ื—ื’ื™ื’ื•ืช ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช, ืืชื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืงื—ืช ื”ื‘ื™ืชื” ื—ืชื™ื›ื” ืงื˜ื ื” ืฉืœ ื•ื•ื“ื•. ื”ื“ืช ื”ืฉืคื™ืขื” ืจื‘ื•ืช ืขืœ ืืžื ื•ืช ื”ืื™ื˜ื™ ื•ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืจื™ื ื—ืชื™ื›ื•ืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘-ืžืืจื™ื ื” ื“ื” ืคืจืื ืก ืฉืœ ืžืจ ื“ื”, ืืฉืจ ืืคื™ืœื• ืžืฉืœื• ื‘ืฉื•ืง ื‘ืฉื•ืง ื•ื•ื“ื•. ืœื—ืœื•ืคื™ืŸ, ืœืžืฆื•ื ื”ืฉืจืื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืžื ื•ืช ื•ื•ื“ื• cyberpunk ืฉืœ ืคืกืœื™ ื’ืจื ื“ Rue - ื›ืœ ื“ื‘ืจ ืฉืืชื” ืงื•ื ื” ื›ืืŸ ื”ื•ื ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืฉื™ื—ื” ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ืžื’ื™ืข ื”ื‘ื™ืชื”.

ื”ืงืืจื™ื‘ื™ื™ื ื”ืจื—ื‘ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ

Vodou ื™ืฉ ืขืžื™ืชื™ื ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืงืจื™ื‘ื™, ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ืื•ืคื™ ืืคืจื™ืงืื™ ื”ื—ื–ืง ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ. ืœืื•ื‘ืื” ืฉืœ ื’'ืžื™ื™ืงื” ื™ืฉ ืžืขืจื›ืช ืืžื•ื ื•ืช ื“ื•ืžื”, ื•ื”ื™ื ื ื”ื•ื’ื” ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื›ืคืจื™ื™ื ื›ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœ ืงืกืžื™ื ืื•ื”ื“ื™ื, ืืฃ ืขืœ ืคื™ ืฉื—ื•ืง ืฉื ื›ืชื‘ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื ื™ื” ืžืกื•ืฃ ื”ืžืื” ื” -19 ืคื™ืจื•ืฉื• ืฉืื•ื‘ื— ื”ื•ื ืœืžืขืฉื” ื‘ืœืชื™ ื—ื•ืงื™. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืืชื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืชืจืื” 'ื‘ืชื™ ืžืจืงื—ืช' ืžื ื•ืงื“ ืขืœ ื”ืื™ ืžื•ื›ืจ ื ืจื•ืช, ืกื‘ื•ื ื™ื ื™ื•ืฆื ื“ื•ืคืŸ ืœื—ืฉื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืคื™ื™ืก ืื• ืœื”ื“ื•ืฃ ืืช ื”ืจื•ื—ื•ืช.

ื‘ืงื•ื‘ื”, Santería ื”ื•ื ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื ืคื•ืฅ ื• ื‘ื’ืœื•ื™ ื”ืชืืžืŸ, ื• babalawaos (ื›ืžืจื™ื) ืืคื™ืœื• ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ืืช ื”ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื. ื‘ืขื™ืจ ื˜ืจื™ื ื™ื“ื“, ืงืื–ื” ื˜ืžืคืœื• ื“ื” ืกืื ื˜ืจื™ื” ื™ืžืื™ื” ืžืื•ื™ืฉืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ babalawaos ื•ืืช ืžืงื•ื ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ ืœืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืœืงื‘ืœ ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืขืœ ื”ื“ืช.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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