ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ืžืชืคืชื—ื™ื ืฉืœ ื“ืจื•ื ื”ื•ื“ื•

ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ืžืชืคืชื—ื™ื ืฉืœ ื“ืจื•ื ื”ื•ื“ื•

ืื ืฉื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื—ื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ื’ื•ืจื“ ื”ืฉื—ืงื™ื ื”ื•ื ื”ืžืฆืื” ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ืช. ืชื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืฉื•ื‘. ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ื”ื•ื“ื•, ืื ืฉื™ื ื‘ื‘ื ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืชื ืฉื, ืจื‘ ืงื•ืžื•ืช gopurams (ืžื’ื“ืœื™ ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ) ืžืื•ืช ืฉื ื™ื ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืจื•ื‘ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ืฆื™ืฅ ืžืขืœ ืงื•ืžืช ื”ืงืจืงืข. ื”ืืจื›ื™ื˜ืงื˜ื•ืจื” ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื“ืจื•ื ื”ื•ื“ื• ื”ื™ื ืขื•ืœื ื”ืจื—ืง ื‘ืกื’ื ื•ืŸ ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ื”ืฆืจ ื•ื”ื–ื•ื•ื™ืชื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืฆืคื•ืŸ. ื›ืืŸ, ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ืœื›ืกื•ืช ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ quadrants, ืžื•ืงืฃ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืคืกืœ ืžื›ื•ืกื” gateway ืžื’ื“ืœื™ ื›ื™ ืœื˜ืคืก ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื›ืžื• ื‘ืœื•ืงื™ื ื‘ืžืฉืจื“.

ื‘ื”ื•ื“ื• ืชืžื™ื“ ื”ื™ื” ืžืฉื”ื• ืฉืœ ืื™ืฉื™ื•ืช ืžืคื•ืฆืœืช. ืžืฆื“ ืื—ื“ ื ืžืฆืืช ืฆืคื•ืŸ ื”ื•ื“ื•, ืขื ื”ืฆืจื™ื— ืฉืœื” ืฉื™ื›ืืจื” ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื, ืžื ื”ื’ื™ื ืงื•ืœื•ื ื™ืืœื™ื™ื ื•ืฉืคืข ืฉืœ ืžื•ื ื•ืžื ื˜ื™ื ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื™ื™ื ื•ืžื•ื’ืœื™ื™ื. ืžืื™ื“ืš ื’ื™ืกื, ื”ื“ืจื•ื ื”ื“ืจื•ื‘ื™ื“ื™, ืฉื‘ื• ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช, ื”ืžื ื”ื’ื™ื ื•ื”ืžื˜ื‘ื—ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžืขืฆืžื•ืช ื”ืงื•ืœื•ื ื™ืืœื™ื•ืช ื”ื™ื• ื‘ืขืœื™ ื”ืฉืคืขื” ื—ื•ืœืคืช ืขืœ ืื•ืจื— ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™. ื”ื—ืœื•ืงื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฆืคื•ืŸ ืœื“ืจื•ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื˜ืขื•ื ื” ืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™ืช - ื”ื“ืจืื•ื•ื™ื“ื™ืื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื“ืจื•ื ืจื•ืื™ื ืืช ืขืฆืžื ื›ืื™ื ื“ื™ืื ื™ื ื”ืžืงื•ืจื™ื™ื, ืขื ื”ื”ื•ื“ื•-ืืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืฆืคื•ืŸ ื›ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ื—ื“ืฉื™ื, ืืš ื›ื•ื—ื” ื•ื›ืกืคื” ืฉืœ ื”ื•ื“ื• ื ืฉืœื˜ ื”ื™ื˜ื‘ ืžืฆืคื•ืŸ.

ื ืกื™ืขื” ืžืฆืคื•ืŸ ืœื“ืจื•ื ื”ื™ื•ื, ืืชื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืจืื•ืช ื”ื‘ื“ืœื™ื ื‘ืจื•ืจื™ื. ืœืื ืฉื™ื ื™ืฉ ืขื•ืจ ื›ื”ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ืžื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืืช ื”ืฉืคื•ืช ื”ืงืฆื•ื‘ื•ืช, ื”ืžื•ืกื™ืงืœื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื“ืจื•ื. ืฉืœื˜ื™ ื”ื—ื ื•ืช ืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ื‘ืกืœืกืœืช ื˜ืžื™ืœื™ืช, ืžืœื™ืœื™ืื ืื• ื˜ืœื•ื’ื• ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื‘ืกื ืกืงืจื™ื˜ ืœื™ื ื™ืืจื™ืช. ื ืฉื™ื ืœืœื‘ื•ืฉ ืกืืจื™ืก ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืกืœื•ื•ืืจ ืงืžื™ื– (ื—ื•ืœืฆื•ืช ื–ื•ืจืžื•ืช ื•ืžื›ื ืกื™ ืคื™ื’'ืžื”) ื•ื’ื‘ืจื™ ืกืคื•ืจื˜ ื”ื“ื•ื”ื˜ื™ื ื• ืœื•ื ื’ื™ืก (ื•ืจื™ืืฆื™ื•ืช ืžืงื•ืžื™ื•ืช ืขืœ ืกืืจื•ื ื’) ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืžื›ื ืกื™ื™ื. ืืคื™ืœื• ื”ืชืคืจื™ื˜ื™ื ื”ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื - ื™ืจืงื•ืช ืžื—ืœื™ืคื™ื ื‘ืฉืจ ืžืจื•ื˜ื‘ ืงืืจื™, ื•ื—ืœื‘ ืงื•ืงื•ืก ื•ืชืžืจื™ื ื“ื™ื ื’ ื–ื•ื—ืœื™ื ื›ืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื™ื ืœื‘ื™ืฉื•ืœ. ืื– ื™ืฉ ืืœื” ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ื™ื ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ื”ื•ื“ื•, ืขื ื”ืงืฉืชื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื ื‘ืฆื‘ืข, ื”ืžื’ื“ืœื™ื ืžื’ื“ืœื™ ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ื™ืฆื™ืจืช ืกืžืœ ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื“ืจื•ื ืžื”ื‘ื™ืœ.

ืฉืืœ ืžื‘ื—ื•ืฅ ืขืœ ื”ืžื•ื ื•ืžื ื˜ื™ื ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกืžื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ื•ื“ื•, ื•ืžืขื˜ื™ื ื”ื™ื• ืฉื ืžืฉื”ื• ืžื“ืจื•ื ืœื˜ืื’ 'ืžื”ืืœ - ืคื™ืงื•ื— ืจืฆื™ื ื™ ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ืžื—ืฉื™ื‘ ืืช ื”ืืจื›ื™ื˜ืงื˜ื•ืจื” ื”ืžืคื•ืืจืช ืฉืœ ื“ืจื•ื ื”ื•ื“ื•! ื›ื“ื™ ืœืชืงืŸ ืืช ื”ืื™ื–ื•ืŸ, ื”ื ื” ื”ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ืฉืœื ื• ืฉืœ ื”ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ื”ืžืจื”ื™ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื“ืจื•ื ื”ื•ื“ื•.

Meenakshi ืขืžืืŸ ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ, Madurai, ื˜ืืžื™ืœ ื ืื“ื•

ื”ืื‘ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ื”ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ื”ื“ืจื•ื•ื™ื“ื™ื, ืžืงื“ืฉ ืžืงื“ืฉ ืžืงื ืืงืฉื™ ืขืžืืŸ ืžืชื’ืื” ืœื ืคื—ื•ืช ืž 12 gopurams, ืขื ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืžืกื•ื—ืจืจ 170 ืžื˜ืจื™ื (52m). ืžืชื—ื ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ืžื›ืกื” ืืช ื”ืžืงื‘ื™ืœื” ืฉืœ 25 ื›ื“ื•ืจื’ืœ pitches, ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืงืฉื” ืœืžืฆื•ื ืžืงื•ื ืขื•ืžื“ ื‘ื™ืŸ 25,000 ื—ืกื™ื“ื™ ืืฉืจ ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืžื“ื™ ื™ื•ื. ืจืง ื”ื”ื™ื ื“ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก ืœืงื•ื“ืฉ ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืื˜ืžื•ืกืคื™ืจื”, ืื‘ืœ ืœื›ื•ืœื ื™ืฉ ื—ื•ืคืฉ ืœื”ื‘ื™ื˜ ื‘ื’ื•ืคื•ืจื ื‘ืฆื‘ืข ื”ืงืฉืช, ื”ืžื›ื•ืกื™ื ื‘ืื•ืกืฃ ื›ืžืขื˜ ื”ื•ืœื•ืฆื™ื ื•ื’ื ื™ ืฉืœ ืคืกืœื™ื ื”ืžืชืืจื™ื ืืœื•ื”ื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ื™ื ื“ื™ื•ืช ื•ื™ืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ืขืœ-ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช (ื™ืฉ 1511 ืคืกืœื™ื ืขืœ ื’ื•ืคืจื ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ ื‘ืœื‘ื“). ืชืกืชื›ืœ ื”ื™ื˜ื‘ ื•ืชืจืื” ืืช ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืื’ื“ื•ืช ืžืคืชื— ืžืŸ Vedas ื•ืืช Ramayana ืฉื ื™ืชื ื• ื‘ ืจื•ื•ื™ ืกื•ืคืจ ืฆื‘ืข. ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ื”ื•ืœืš ืœืชื•ืš overdrive ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ืืคืจื™ืœ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœ Chithirai, ื›ืืฉืจ ืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ืขื•ืœื™ ืจื’ืœ ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ืœื—ื’ื•ื’ ืืช ื”ื ื™ืฉื•ืื™ืŸ ืฉืœ ืฉื™ื•ื•ื” ื•ืืช ืืœืช ื”ื—ื–ื” ืžืฉื•ืœืฉืช Menakshi.

ืžืงื“ืฉ ื”ื—ื•ืฃ, Mamallapuram (Mahabalipuram), ื˜ืืžื™ืœ ื ืื“ื•

ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืœ ืฉื™ื•ื•ื” ื‘ืžืืžืืœืืคื•ืจืื ื”ื™ื” ื’ื•ืœืช ื”ื›ื•ืชืจืช ืฉืœ ืื™ืžืคืจื™ื™ืช ื”ืคืœืื•ื•ื”, ืืฉืจ ืฉืœื˜ื” ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ืžื–ืจื— ื”ื•ื“ื• ื‘ืžืฉืš ืฉื‘ืข ืžืื•ืช ืฉื ื”, ืœืคื ื™ ืฉื”ื•ื‘ืกื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืฉื•ืฉืœืช ืฆ'ื•ืœื” ืžื“ืœืชื ืฉืœ ืงื•ื•ืจื™. ื›ืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ Mamallapuram ื”ื•ื ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืคืกืœ ืคืืœืื•ื•ื” - ืื›ืŸ, ื’ื™ืœื•ืฃ ืืœื™ืœื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ื”ื™ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืชืขืฉื™ื™ื” ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช ื’ื“ื•ืœื” - ืื‘ืœ ืžืงื“ืฉ ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ื™ื” ืื—ื“ ื”ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ื ื‘ื”ื•ื“ื• ืฉื ื‘ื ื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื‘ื•ื ื™ื, ื•ืœื ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื’ื•ืœืฃ ืœืชื•ืš ืกืœืข ืงื™ื™ื. ื”ืžื™ืงื•ื, ืขืœ ืฆื•ืง ื”ื‘ื•ืœื˜, ื—ืฉืฃ ืืช ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ืœ -1300 ืฉื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืจื™ืกื•ืก ื™ื ื•ืฉื—ื™ืงื” ื•ื’ื™ืœื•ืคื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื”ื ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ืจืง ื”ืฆืขื•ืช ืื™ืžืคืจืกื™ื•ื ื™ืกื˜ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžื” ืฉื”ื™ื• ืคืขื, ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ืจืง ืžื•ืกื™ืฃ ืœืชื—ื•ืฉืช ื”ืžืกืชื•ืจื™ืŸ.

Sravanabelagola, ืงืจื ื˜ืงื”

ื”ื“ืช ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ื”ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ืช ืœืขืœื•ืช ื‘ืชืช ื”ื™ื‘ืฉืช, Jainism ืชื•ืžื›ืช ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืื”ื™ืžืกื” (ืื™-ืืœื™ืžื•ืช), ืืฉืคื•ื–, ืฉืœื™ื˜ื” ืขืฆืžื™ืช ื•ืฆืžื—ื•ื ื•ืช ืงืคื“ื ื™ืช, ื•ื—ืกื™ื“ื™ ืฆืืŸ ื”ืืžื•ื ื” ืœื›ืคืจ ืกืจืื‘ืื ืื‘ืœื’ื•ืœื” ืœื™ื“ ืžื™ืกื•ืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื›ื‘ื“ ืืช ืคืกืœื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื, ื”ืžืชืืจ ืืช ื’ื•ืžืื˜ืฉื•ื•ืืจื”, ื‘ื ื• ืฉืœ ื”ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ tirthankar (ื’ื•ืจื•). ื“ืจืš ื”ืืœื•ืฃ ื”ืžืขื•ืจื‘ ืขืœ ืคื ื™ 615 ืžื“ืจื’ื•ืช ื—ืฆื•ื‘ื•ืช, ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ื”ืขื™ืจื•ืžื” ืžื•ื“ื“ืช 17.5 ืž 'ืžืชืœืชืœื™ื ื•ืขื“ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื ื™ื™ื, ื•ื”ื˜ื™ืคื•ืก ืœื‘ื™ืชืŸ ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ืžืืคืฉืจ ื ื•ืคื™ื ืžืจื”ื™ื‘ื™ื ืขืœ ื ื•ืฃ ืฉืœ ืžื—ืฉื•ืคื™ื ืกืœืขื™ื™ื, ื˜ืžืคืœ ืžืงื“ืฉ ื•ืขืฆื™ ื“ืงืœ. ื›ืœ 12 ืฉื ื™ื, ื”ืคืกืœ ื”ื•ื ืฉื˜ื•ืฃ ื‘ืชื•ืš ืžืคืœ ืฉืœ ื—ืœื‘, ื—ืžืื”, curds, ืœื”ื“ื‘ื™ืง ืืœืžื•ื’, ืื‘ืงืช tikka, ืžื˜ื‘ืขื•ืช ื•ืื‘ื ื™ื ื™ืงืจื•ืช ื‘ืžืกื’ืจืช ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœ Mastakabhisheka ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™ ืœื”ืคืœื™ื.

ืžืงื“ืฉ ืืจื•ื ืืฆ'ืืœืฉื•ืืจ, ื˜ื™ืจื•ื‘ื ืžืืœืื™, ื˜ืืžื™ืœ ื ืื“ื•

ืžืงื“ืฉ ืืจื•ื ืืฆ'ืืœืฉืืจ ืฉืœ ื˜ื™ืจื•ื‘ืื ืžืœืื™ ืžืจื”ื™ื‘ ื‘ืงื•ืžืช ื”ืงืจืงืข; ื–ื” ืืคื™ืœื• ืžืจืฉื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืœืžืขืœื”. ืงื— ืืช ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ืžืชืคืชืœ ืžื˜ืคืก ื‘ืžืขืœื” ื”ืžื“ืจื•ืŸ ื”ืžื–ืจื—ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืจ Arunachala ื•ืืชื” ืชืจืื” ืืช ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ืคืจื•ืฉื™ื ืžืชื—ืช ืœืš ื›ืžื• ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช ื”ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœ ืชืœืช ืžื™ืžื“ื™. ืžื›ืืŸ, ื”ื’ื•ืคื•ืจืžื™ื ื”ืžืชื ืฉืื™ื ื•ื”ืžืจื•ืคื˜ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ืžืกื•ื“ืจื™ื ื›ืžื• ืคื™ืจืžื™ื“ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžืื™ื” ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืžืขื’ืœ ืฉืœ ื—ืฆืจื•ืช ืžืงื“ืฉ.ืื—ื“ ื—ื•ืฉื“ ื›ื™ ื–ื• ื”ื™ืชื” ื”ื”ืฉืงืคื” ื›ื™ ื‘ื•ื ื™ ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ืชืžื™ื“ ื”ืชื›ื•ื•ืŸ, ืœื˜ื•ื‘ืช ื”ืืœื™ื ืœื”ืกืชื›ืœ ืœืžื˜ื” ืžืŸ ื”ืฉืžื™ื.

ืžืงื“ืฉ ื•ื™ื˜ืืœื”, ื—ืืžืคื™, ืงืจื ื˜ืงื”

Vijayanagar, ื‘ืืชืจ ืฉืœ Hampi ื”ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ืช, ื”ื™ื” ืคืขื ืขื™ืจ ืฉืœ ื—ืฆื™ ืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ืื ืฉื™ื, ืื‘ืœ ื”ื•ื ื ืขืœื ืœื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืกืชืขืจื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืกื•ืœื˜ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื“ืœื”ื™, ืžืฉืื™ืจ ืžืื—ื•ืจื™ ืื•ืกืฃ ื”ื”ื•ื“ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ื”ืจื™ืกื•ืช ื”ืขืชื™ืงื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ื•ื“ื•. ื™ืฉ ื›ืžืขื˜ 3700 ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื, ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ื•ืืจืžื•ื ื•ืช ืžืคื•ื–ืจื™ื ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ืจืฆืคืช ื”ืขืžืง, ืื‘ืœ ืžืงื“ืฉ ื•ื™ื˜ืœื” ืžืกืžืŸ ืืช ื ืงื•ื“ืช ื”ืฉื™ื ื”ืืžื ื•ืชื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื•ื™ื’'ื™ืื ืื’ืืจ. ื‘ืชืžื™ื›ื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช, ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ืžื›ื•ืกื” ื‘ื’ื™ืœื•ืคื™ื ืืœื’ื ื˜ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืืœื•ื”ื•ื™ื•ืช ื•ื‘ื ื™-ืขืœ - ื—ืคืฉื• ืืช ื”ื™ืืœื™, ื”ื™ื‘ืจื™ื“ื™ืช ืฉืœ ืืจื™ื” ื•ืคื™ืœ - ื•ืžืจื›ื‘ืช ืื‘ืŸ ืขื•ืžื“ืช ื•ืžื—ื›ื” ื‘ื—ืฆืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืขื‘ื™ืจ ืืช ื•ื™ืฉื ื• ืืœ ื”ืฉืžื™ื.

ืžืงื“ืฉ Venkateshwara, Tirumala, ืื ื“ืจื” ืคืจืื“ืฉ

ื”ื›ื ื™ืกื” ืœืžืงื“ืฉ ืกืจื™ ื•ื ืงืื˜ื•ื•ืืจื” ื‘ืื ื“ื”ืจื” ืคืจืื“ืฉ ื—ื™ื™ื‘ืช ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืจื•ื•ื™ื—ื”. ืขื•ืœื™ ื”ืจื’ืœ ืžื˜ืคืกื™ื ืขืœ 3500 ืžื“ืจื’ื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืžืงื“ืฉ ื”ื’ื‘ืขื” ื”ื ืขืจืฅ ื”ื–ื”, ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื”ืœื™ื›ื” ืฉืœ 15 ืง"ืž ืžื”ืขื™ืจ ื˜ื™ืจื•ืคืื˜ื™ (Tirupathi) ื‘ืชื—ืชื™ืช ื”ืขืžืง (ืื•ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืกื™ื ื”ืกืขื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ ืืœื” ืคื—ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื’ืœื™ื ืื• ืžื•ื›ื ื™ื ืœื”ืฉืœื™ื ืืช ื”ืžืกืข). ื› -40 ืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ืขื•ืœื™ ืจื’ืœ ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื™ื ื ื•ืขืฆื™ื ืืช ื”ื—ื•ื ื”ื˜ืจื•ืคื™ ืžื“ื™ ืฉื ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœืขืœื•ืช ืืช ืขืœื™ื™ืชื ื”ืžื‘ื•ืจื›ืช, ื•ืขื•ืœื™ื ืœืจื’ืœ ื‘ืžืฉืš ืฉืขื•ืช ื‘ืžื‘ื•ืš ืฉืœ ื›ืœื•ื‘ื™ ืžืชื›ืช ื‘ืคืกื’ื”, ื›ื“ื™ ืœืจืื•ืช ืœืจื’ืข ืืช ื”ืืœื™ืœ ื”ื ืขืจืฅ ืฉืœ ืกืจื™ ื•ื ืงืื˜ืกื•ื•ืืจื”, ื”ื›ืœื•ืœ ื‘ืžืงื“ืฉ ื‘ืขืœ ื’ื’ ื–ื”ื‘ ื‘ืœื‘ ื”ืžืชื—ื. ื›ืžื• ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ื‘ื™ืงืจ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื, ื–ื” ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ืžื•ืฉืœื ืœื”ืชื—ื‘ืจ ืขื ื”ืฆื“ ื”ืจื•ื—ื ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ื•ื“ื•.

ืฉืขืจื™ ืœื“ืจื•ื

ืžื•ืžื‘ืื™ (ื‘ื•ืžื‘ื™ื™) ื”ื™ื ื ืงื•ื“ืช ื”ืžื•ืฆื ื”ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื“ืจื•ื ื”ื•ื“ื•, ืื‘ืœ ืžืกืคืจ ื”ื•ืœืš ื•ื’ื“ืœ ืฉืœ ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ืชืขื•ืคื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ื•ืช ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ืœื˜ื•ืก ื™ืฉื™ืจื•ืช Bengaluru ื• ืฆ 'ื ืื™. Bengaluru ื”ื™ื ื ืงื•ื“ืช ื’ื™ืฉื” ืื™ื“ื™ืืœื™ืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื’ื™ืœื•ืคื™ ืื‘ืŸ ืขื“ื™ืŸ ืฉืœ Karnataka ื•ืืช ืžืงื“ืฉื™ ื”ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช ืฉืœ ืื ื“ืจื” ืคืจืื“ืฉ, ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฆ 'ื ืื™ ื”ื•ื ื”ืฉืขืจ ื”ืงืจื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ gopurams ื”ื’ื•ืื” ืฉืœ ื˜ืืžื™ืœ ื ืื“ื•. ืื ืืชื” ื˜ืก ืœืชื•ืš ืฆ 'ื ืื™, ืœืืคืฉืจ ื›ืžื” ื™ืžื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื“ื’ื•ื ืืช ื”ืฆืžื—ื•ื ื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ื•ื“ื• ืฆืžื— ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืืชื” ืจืืฉ ื“ืจื•ืžื” Mamallapuram ืื• Tiruvannamalai. ืœืžื™ื“ืข ื ื•ืกืฃ ื‘ Lonely Planet ืฉืœ ื“ืจื•ื ื”ื•ื“ื• & ืงืจืืœื” ื”ืกืคืจ.

ื’ 'ื• Bindloss ื”ื•ื Lonely Planet ืฉืœ ื“ืจื•ื ืืกื™ื” ื™ืขื“ ืขื•ืจืš. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขืงื•ื‘ ืื—ืจื™ื• ื‘ื˜ื•ื•ื™ื˜ืจ @ joe_planet.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

add
close