ื”ื™ื›ืจื•ืช ืขื ืงื•ื˜ื”, ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ืขืชื™ืงื” ืฉืœ ื’'ืงืจื˜ื”

ื”ื™ื›ืจื•ืช ืขื ืงื•ื˜ื”, ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ืขืชื™ืงื” ืฉืœ ื’'ืงืจื˜ื”

ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื”ื”ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืื™ื ื“ื•ื ื–ื™ื” ื”ื•ื ื›ื•ื— ืงื“ื™ืžื” ื›ืžื• ืจื›ื–ืช ืขืกืงื™ืช ื’ืœื•ื‘ืœื™ืช, ืงื•ื˜ื”, ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ืขืชื™ืงื” ืฉืœื”, ื”ื•ื ืœื˜ืขื•ืŸ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื”ืขืœื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœื” ืœื”ื“ื’ื™ืฉ. ื”ืฉื•ืจืฉื™ื ื”ืงื•ืœื•ื ื™ืืœื™ื™ื ื”ื”ื•ืœื ื“ื™ื ืฉืœ ืื™ื ื“ื•ื ื–ื™ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื—ืงืจ ื›ืืŸ, ื•ื”ืจื•ื‘ืข ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ ืฉืœ ื’'ืงืืจื˜ื” ื ื•ืชืŸ ืชืžื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ืžืจืื” ื”ืขื™ืจ ืœืคื ื™ ืฉื”ื’ื•ืจื“ื™ ืฉื—ืงื™ื ื ื›ื ืกื• ืคื ื™ืžื”.

ื‘ืฉื ืช 1600, ืงื•ื˜ื” ื”ืคืš ืืช ื”ืžื˜ื” ืฉืœ โ€‹โ€‹ื”ื•ื“ื• ื”ืžื–ืจื—ื™ืช ื”ื”ื•ืœื ื“ื™ืช ื”ื—ื‘ืจื”. ืœืžืจื‘ื” ื”ืฆืขืจ, ื”ืžื•ืจืฉืช ื”ืงื•ืœื•ื ื™ืืœื™ืช ื”ื–ืืช ืœื ื ืฉืžืจื” ื›ืžื• ื’ื ื‘ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืื—ืจื™ื ื›ืžื• ืžืื—ื–ื™ื ืงื•ืœื•ื ื™ืืœื™ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื‘ื“ืจื•ื-ืžื–ืจื— ืืกื™ื”, ื›ืžื• ืกื™ื ื’ืคื•ืจ ื•ืคื ืื ื’, ื•ื™ืฉ ืจืง ืฉืจื™ื“ื™ื ืžืขื˜ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ื ื™ื™ื ื™ื ื”ืื˜ืจืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื™ื ืฉื”ื•ืชื™ืจื• ืืช ื”ืขืฅ. ื•ื‘ื›ืœ ื–ืืช, ืชืžืืŸ ืคืชื— (ื›ื™ื›ืจ ืคืชื—) ื•ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืชื” ื”ื ื—ื’ื™ื’ื” ื—ื•ืฉื™ืช ืœืžื‘ืงืจ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื‘ืขื™ืจ.

ื”ื’ื“ืจ ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืจื’ืœื™ ื‘ื’ืฉืจ ืงื•ื˜ื” ืื ื˜ืืŸ (ื”ื™ื“ื•ืข ื’ื ื‘ืฉื ื’ืฉืจ ืฉื•ืง ื”ืขื•ืฃ). ื ื‘ื ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื”ื•ืœื ื“ื™ื ื‘ืžืื” ื” -17, ื”ื’ืฉืจ ืขืฅ ืžืฉืชืจืข ืขืœ ืชืขืœืช Kali Besar, ื•ื”ื™ื” ื’ื“ืœ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื›ื™ืœ ืกืคื™ื ื•ืช ืกื•ื—ืจ. ื’ืฉืจ ื”ื’ืฉืจ ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ ืžืกื•ื’ื•, ื”ื•ื ื›ื‘ืจ ืœื ืžื•ืจื, ื•ืœื ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ืื•ืชื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื•ืœื›ื™ ืจื’ืœ - ืงืจืฉื™ื ืฉืœื” ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื‘ื–ื™ื•ืฃ - ืื‘ืœ ื™ืฉ ืœื“ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ืคืจื•ื™ืงื˜ ืฉื™ืคื•ืฅ. ืœืขืช ืขืชื”, ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื‘ืงืจ ื‘ืื ื“ืจื˜ื” ื ื“ื™ืจื” ืœืขื™ื“ืŸ ื”ืงื•ืœื•ื ื™ืืœื™ ื”ื”ื•ืœื ื“ื™.

ืžืŸ ื”ื’ืฉืจ, ืขื ืชืขืœืช ืงืืœื™ ื‘ืกืืจ ื‘ืฆื“ ื™ืžื™ืŸ ืฉืœืš, ื–ื” ืจืง ืขืฉืจ ื“ืงื•ืช ื”ืœื™ื›ื” ื™ืฉืจ ืœื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ Taman ืคืชื—, ืื ื›ื™ ื–ื” ื›ืจื•ืš ืœื—ืฆื•ืช ื›ืžื” ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ืขืกื•ืงื™ื - ืื ืืชื” ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ืžืื•ื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื ื—ื™ืœื™ ืžื›ื•ื ื™ื•ืช ื•ืื•ืคื ื•ืขื™ื ื”ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืœื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืืชื”, ืœืžืฆื•ื ืงื‘ื•ืฆื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ื•ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ืื™ืชื. ื”ื‘ื ื™ื™ื ื™ื ืœืื•ืจืš ืจืฆื•ืขืช ื–ื” ื™ืฉ ืชื—ื•ืฉื” ืื™ืจื•ืคื™ืช ืžื•ื‘ื”ืงืช, ื‘ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืขื ืชื—ื•ืฉื” ื—ืจื™ืคื” ืฉืœ ืจื™ืงื‘ื•ืŸ. ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื ืžืชืงืจื‘ื™ื ืœื›ื™ื›ืจ, ื”ืจื—ื•ื‘ ื”ื•ืคืš ืžืจื•ืคื“ ื‘ืขืฆื™ื gerobak (ืขื’ืœื•ืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื ื™ื™ื“) ืœืžื›ื•ืจ ืจืฆื•ืขื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืžืชืงื™ื ื•ืืงื•ื ืืจื•ื– siomay bandung ื›ื•ืคืชืื•ืช ื“ื’ื™ื ืžื”ื•ื“ืจื•ืช ืžื•ื’ืฉ ืขื ืจื•ื˜ื‘ ืกืื˜ืื™ ื‘ื•ื˜ื ื™ื ืžืขื’ืœื•ืช ืขืฅ. ื‘ืกื•ืคื• ืฉืœ ื“ื‘ืจ ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ืœืงืฉืช ื‘ืจื–ืœ ืžืกื•ื‘ื›ืช ืžืฉืžืืœ ืฉืžืฆื™ื™ื ืช ืืช ื”ื›ื ื™ืกื” ืœืชืžืืŸ ืคืชื—ื”.

ื”ื›ื™ื›ืจ ื”ืžืจื›ื–ื™ืช ืฉืœ ืงื•ื˜ื”, ื”ืžืฉืชืจืขืช ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ืฉื˜ื— ืฉืœ ื› -1.8 ื“ื•ื ืžื™ื, ื”ื™ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืฉื•ืงืงืช ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ืื™ื ื“ื•ื ื–ื™ื, ื•ืชื•ืคืกืช ืืช ื”ืื•ืคื™ ื”ืชื•ืกืก, ื”ืขืฆื‘ื ื™ ื•ื”ืžืจืชื™ืข ืฉืœ ื’'ืงืจื˜ื”. ืžื ื•ืงื“ ื‘ืฉืžืฉื™ื•ืช ืžืคื•ืกืคืกื•ืช ื‘ืฆื‘ืข ืจื‘, ื–ื” ื‘ื–ื™ืจื” ื”ืขืกืงื™ืช ืฉืœ ื› 200 ืขื’ืœื•ืช ืœืžื›ื•ืจ ื›ืœ ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœ ืชื™ื™ืจ ืชื™ื™ืจ ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื‘ืจื—ื•ื‘. ื ื™ื—ื•ื— ืจื‘-ืฉื›ื‘ืชื™ ืฉืœ ืจื™ื—ื•ืช ืžืชื•ืงื™ื, ื—ืจื™ืคื™ื ื•ื‘ืจื‘ื™ืงื™ื™ื ื—ื•ื“ืจื™ื ืœื›ื™ื›ืจ, ื•ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื˜ืขื•ื ืžืขื“ื ื™ื ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื - ื”ื—ืœ ื’ื“ื•-ื’ืื“ื• (ืกืœื˜ ืื™ื ื“ื•ื ื–ื™ ืขื ืจื•ื˜ื‘ ื‘ื•ื˜ื ื™ื) ืœ kื˜ืœืคื•r (ื—ื‘ื™ืชื” ืžื˜ื•ื’ื ืช ืขื ืื•ืจื– ื“ื‘ื™ืง, ืฉืจื™ืžืคืก ืžื™ื•ื‘ืฉ, ื•ืงื•ืงื•ืก ืžืจื•ืกืง) ืžืŸ ื”ืกืคืงื™ื ืื ื™ืžืฆื™ื” ื›ืžืขื˜ ื›ืœื•ื. ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœ ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืžืชืงื™ื™ื ื‘ื›ืœ ืฉื ื” ื‘ืคืชื— ืชืžืŸ.

ืงื— ืงืฆืช ื–ืžืŸ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืฆื“ื“ื™ื™ื ื”ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ืžืŸ ื”ื›ื™ื›ืจ (ืœื”ื™ื–ื”ืจ ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ื—ืคืฆื™ื ืฉืœืš ื›ืžื• ืฉืืชื” ืœืืจื•ื’ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื”ื”ืžื•ื ื™ื) ื›ื“ื™ ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ืฉืจื™ื“ื™ื ืงื•ืœื•ื ื™ืืœื™ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืชืคื•ืจืจื™ื, ื•ืœืจืื•ืช ื”ืืžื ื™ื ื”ื˜ืื˜ื• ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ ื‘ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืฉืœื”ื ืื•ืœืคื ื™ ืจื—ื•ื‘ ื’ื•ืœืžื™. ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ื ื•ืกืคืช ื”ื™ื ืœื”ืฉื›ื™ืจ ืืช ืื—ื“ ื”ืื•ืคื ื™ื™ื ื”ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™ื™ื ื”ืจื‘ื™ื ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ - ืขื ื›ื•ื‘ืขื™ื ื“ื™ืกืงื˜ื™ื ืชื•ืืžื™ื, ืฉื”ื•ืฉืœื›ื• ืคื ื™ืžื” ืœืœื ืชืฉืœื•ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœื™ืš ืžืคื ื™ ื”ื‘ื•ื”ืง ืฉืœ ื”ืฉืžืฉ - ื•ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืขืœ ืฉื ื™ ื’ืœื’ืœื™ื.

ื›ื“ืื™ ืœืฆื•ืฅ ื‘ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื•ื™ืื ื’ ื”ื–ืขื™ืจ (ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื‘ื•ื‘ื•ืช) ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื™ืš ื‘ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืื™ื ื˜ื’ืจืœื™ื•ืช ื›ื‘ืจ ืกื™ืคื•ืจ ืกื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืื™ื ื“ื•ื ื–ื™ืช ื‘ืžืฉืš ืžืื•ืช ืฉื ื™ื. ื”ืชืขืจื•ื›ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื ืข ื‘ื™ืŸ ื‘ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื•ื™ืื ื’ ื‘ื ื’'ืื™ ืžื”ืžืื” ื” -16 ืžื‘ื•ืจื ื™ืื• ื•ืขื“ ื‘ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื™ื“ ืžืชื›ื ื™ืช ื”ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืฉืœ ืฉื ื•ืช ื” -80 ืื•ื ื™ืœ ืืฉืจ ื ืจืื” ืงืฆืช ื›ืžื• ื—ืจื“ื” ืชื™ืงื•ืŸ ื™ืœื“ื™ื ื›ืจื•ื‘. ื”ื•ืคืขื•ืช ื—ื™ื ื ืขื ื‘ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ื˜ ื”ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ ืžืชืงื™ื™ืžื™ื ื‘ืชื™ืื˜ืจื•ืŸ ืฉืœื” ื›ืœ ื™ื•ื ืจืืฉื•ืŸ - ื”ื ื‘ื‘ืืกื”, ืื‘ืœ ืฆื•ืคื” ืœื™ื•ื•ื™ ื’ืžืœืŸ ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ืชื–ืžื•ืจืช ื”ื™ื ื—ื•ื•ื™ื” ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื™ืช ืจืื•ื™ื”. ื”ื›ื ื™ืกื” ืœืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ื™ื 5,000 ืจื•ืค. ื™ืฉ ื’ื ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืกืื’ืืจื” ื’'ืงืจื˜ื” (ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืฉืœ ื’'ืงืจื˜ื”) ื‘ืื•ืœื ื”ืขื™ืจื™ื™ื” ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ, ื‘ืฆื“ ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ ืฉืœ ื”ื›ื™ื›ืจ, ืื ื›ื™ ื”ืชืขืจื•ื›ื•ืช ืฉืœื” ื“ืœื™ืœื•ืช.

ืฉื•ืœื˜ ืขืœ ื”ืฆื“ ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™ ืฉืœ ืชืžืืŸ ืคืชื—ื” ืงืคื” Batavia, ืขืœ ืฉืžื• ืฉืœ ืฉื ืงื•ืœื•ื ื™ืืœื™ ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ื™ืจื”. ื”ืฉื•ื›ืŸ ื‘ื‘ื ื™ื™ืŸ ืžื”ืžืื” ื” -19 ืฉืฉื™ืžืฉ ื‘ืžืงื•ืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžืžืฉืœืช ื”ื•ืœื ื“, ื”ื•ื ืžืงื•ื ื ื”ื“ืจ ืœื”ื™ืžืœื˜ ืžื”ื—ื•ื ื•ืžื”ืฆื•ืคื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืคืชื—ื™ื”. ืชืคื•ืก ืžื•ืฉื‘ ื‘ื—ืœื•ืŸ ืœืžืขืœื” ื‘ื’ืจืื ื“ ืกืืœื•ืŸ, ืฉื ื‘ื ื” ื›ื•ืœื• ืžืขืฅ ื˜ื™ืง ื™ื•ื•ื ื™, ื•ื ืกื” ืืช ืงื•ืงื˜ื™ื™ืœ ืคืื˜ืฅ 'ื‘ื˜ืื•ื•ื™ื” - ืชืขืจื•ื‘ืช ืฉืœ ืื ื ืก ื•ืžื™ืฅ ืœื™ื™ื. ื”ืชืคืจื™ื˜ ืžืฆื™ืข ื“ื™ื ืกืื ื˜ืขื™ื, ืกื™ื›ื•ืช ืžืขืจื‘ื™ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ื”ืื™ื ื“ื•ื ื–ื™ืช, ืขื ื”ื—ืฉืžืœ ื”ืžืžื•ืฆืข 200,000 RP.

ืื ืืชื” ืžืขื•ื ื™ื™ืŸ ืœืจืื•ืช ืžื‘ื ื™ื ืงื•ืœื•ื ื™ืืœื™ื™ื ื ื•ืกืคื™ื, ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ ืื•ืคื ื™ื™ื ืžืชืžืŸ ืคื˜ื—ื™ืœื” (ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืช 20,000Rp / hr) ื• ื”ื“ื•ื•ืฉื” 1.5km ื›ื“ื™ ืกื•ื ื“ื” Kelapa, ื”ื ืžืœ ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ ืฉืœ ื’ 'ืงืจื˜ื”, ื•ืืช ื”ืกื™ื‘ื” ื”ืžืงื•ืจื™ืช ืžื“ื•ืข ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ื™ื” ืžืจื›ื– ื”ืกื—ืจ ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™. ื˜ื™ื™ืœื• ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉื•ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ืกืคื™ื ื•ืช Bugis Phinisi Schooner ื”ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ื•ืช ื”ืžืขื•ื’ื ื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ืžื–ื—, ื•ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ื•ืช ื‘ื“ื•ื›ื ื™ ืฉื•ืง ื”ื“ื’ื™ื ื”ืขืžื•ืก, ื•ืžืกืคืงื•ืช ืืช ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจื” ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช. ืื ื™ืฉ ืœืš ื–ืžืŸ, ืœื‘ืงืจ ื‘ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื‘ื”ืืจื™ ื”ื˜ื•ืจืงื™ ืžื•ื’ืฃ ื˜ื•ืจืงื™ื–, ืืฉืจ ืžืกืคืจืช ืืช ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื”ื™ืžื™ืช ืฉืœ ืืจื›ื™ืคืœื’ ืฉืœ ืื™ื ื“ื•ื ื–ื™ื”.

ืœื—ื™ืœื•ืคื™ืŸ, ื™ื•ืฆืื™ื ืžืŸ ื”ืคื™ื ื” ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช-ืžื–ืจื—ื™ืช ืฉืœ ืคืชื— ืชืžืืŸ ื•ืžืžืฉื™ื›ื™ื ื“ืจื•ืžื” ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ื”ืจืืฉื™ ืœืžืฉืš ื› -30 ืฉื ื™ื•ืช ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืชื—ื ืช ืงื•ื˜ื”.ื ื‘ื ื” ื‘ืžืงื•ืจ ื‘ืžืื” ื” -19, ื”ื•ื ืฉื•ืคืฅ ื•ื ืคืชื— ืžื—ื“ืฉ ื‘ืฉื ืช 1929 ืœืื—ืจ ืฉืชื•ื›ื ืŸ ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœ ื”ื•ืœื ื“ื™, ืฉื™ืฆืจ ื—ื–ื™ืช ื“ืงื• ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืช ืขื ื˜ื•ื•ื™ืกื˜ ืžืงื•ืžื™ ื‘ืœืชื™ ืžื•ื’ื“ืจ.

ืจื•ื– ื“ื™ืงื™ื ืก ื”ื•ื ืขื™ืชื•ื ืื™ ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ืขืฆืžืื™ ืžื•ื ืข ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืกืงืจื ื•ืช ื• ืžื•ื ืขืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื›ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืงืคื” ืฉื—ื•ืจ. ื”ื™ื ืžืชืจื‘ืชืช ื‘- @rose_dykins

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