ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช: ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืžืŸ cheesemonger

ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช: ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืžืŸ cheesemonger

ื’ื•ืจื“ื•ืŸ ืื“ื’ืจ ื”ื•ื ืงื•ื ื” ื”ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ืฉืœ ืกืŸ ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื• ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกืžืช ืžื›ื•ืœืช ืงื•ืื•ืคืจื˜ื™ื‘ (rainbow.coop), ื—ื ื•ืช ื›ื™ ื”ื•ื ื™ื“ื•ืข ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื—ื•ื‘ื‘ื™ ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ืžืคืจืฅ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืฉื™ืฉ ืžื‘ื—ืจ ื’ื‘ื™ื ื•ืช ืžืฆื•ื™ื“ ื”ื™ื˜ื‘ ื•ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ. ื›ืฉื’ื™ืœื™ืชื™ ืฉื’ื•ืจื“ื•ืŸ ืคื™ืจืกื ืกืคืจ, ืฆ 'ื™ื–ืžื•ื ื’ืจ: ื—ื™ื™ื ืขืœ ื”ื•ื•ื•ื“ื’', ื”ื™ื™ืชื™ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืฉืื•ืœ ืื•ืชื• ืขืœ ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ื•ื ืกื™ืขื”.

ืื™ืœื• ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืžื™ื™ืฆืจื•ืช ืืช ื”ื’ื‘ื™ื ื•ืช ื”ืื”ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืขืœื™ืš?

ื•ื‘ื›ืŸ, ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ืืจื”"ื‘ ... ื•ืื ื™ ืœื ืื“ื ืคื˜ืจื™ื•ื˜ื™ ืกื•ืคืจ. ืื ื™ ืจืง ื—ื•ืฉื‘ ืฉื™ืฉ ื”ืžื•ืŸ ืื ืจื’ื™ื”, ืžืืžืฅ ื•ื”ืชืจื’ืฉื•ืช ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื’ื‘ื™ื ื•ืช ืžืชื•ืฆืจืช ืืจื”"ื‘ ืขื›ืฉื™ื•. ืงืคื™ืฆื” ื‘ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื•ื›ืžื•ืช (ืฉืœ ื™ืฆืจื ื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื) ื”ื™ื” ืžื“ื”ื™ื ื‘ืขืฉืจ ื”ืฉื ื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช. ื”ืฉื•ื•ื™ืฆืจื™ื ืžื™ื™ืฆืจื™ื ื’ื ื”ืจื‘ื” ื’ื‘ื™ื ื•ืช ื—ื“ืฉื•ืช ื•ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื•ืช ื‘ื’ืœืœ ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ ื‘ื“ืจืš ืฉื‘ื” ืขื•ื‘ื“ืช ื”ืกื•ื‘ืกื™ื“ื™ื” ืฉืœื”ื. ืื‘ืœ ืื ื”ื™ื™ืชื™ ืขื•ื ื” ืขืœ ื”ืฉืืœื” ื”ื–ืืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ืงืœืืกื™ืช, ื”ื™ื™ืชื™ ื”ื•ืœืš ืขื ืชืฉื•ื‘ื” ืงื•ื ื‘ื ืฆื™ื•ื ืœื™ืช ืžืฉืขืžื: ืฆืจืคืช ื•ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื”.

ื‘ืื™ื–ื• ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืืชื” ื—ื•ืฉื‘ ืฉื”ื•ื ืžื•ืขืจืš ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ืฉืœื•?

ืงื ื“ื” (ื’ื ืงื•ื•ื™ื‘ืง, ืœืคื—ื•ืช), ืคื•ืจื˜ื•ื’ืœ ื•ืืจืฆื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจื™ืช.

ื’ื‘ื™ืขื™ ืงื•ื•ื™ื‘ืง ืžืคื™ืงื™ื ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื™ื, ืฉืจื‘ื™ื ืžื”ื ืื™ื ื ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ื›ืืŸ. ืื ืืชื” ืžืชื’ืขื’ืข ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ืฆืจืคืชื™ืช, ืœื—ืกื•ืš ื›ืžื” ื“ื•ืœืจื™ื ืœื˜ื•ืก ืœืžื•ื ื˜ืจื™ืื•ืœ ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื‘ืคืจื™ื–!

ืคื•ืจื˜ื•ื’ื–ื™ืช ืื•ืœื™ ืœื ื”ืจื‘ื” ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ืžื™ื•ืฆืื™ื ืœืืจื”"ื‘, ืื‘ืœ ืกืจื” ื“ื” ืืกื˜ืจืœื” (wikipedia.org) ื”ื•ื ืื—ื“ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ืขื•ืœื, ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ื›ืžืขื˜ ืืฃ ืคืขื ืœื ื”ื–ื›ื™ืจ. ื—ืœื‘ ื›ื‘ืฉื™ื ื’ื•ืœืžื™, ื’ื“ื™ืœืŸ ืฉืœ ื—ืœื‘, ื–ื” ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ืฆื”ื•ื‘ื” ืฉืืคืฉืจ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืจืง ื‘ื—ืฆื™ ื”ืื™ ื”ืื™ื‘ืจื™: ืขืฉื™ืจ, ื—ืžื•ืฅ, ื—ืจื™ืฃ ื•ืžื•ืจื›ื‘!

ื‘ืืฉืจ ืœืืจื”"ื‘, ื˜ื•ื‘, ื”ืื’ื•ื“ื” ื”ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ืช ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ืชื—ืจื•ืช (cheesesociety.org) ื”ื™ื• 1800 ื›ื ื™ืกื•ืช ื”ืฉื ื”!

ืžื” ื”ืŸ ื”ื’ื‘ื™ื ื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืืจื”"ื‘? ืื™ืคื” ื”ื ืžื™ื•ืฆืจื™ื ื•ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืœื›ืช ืœื‘ืงืจ ืฉื?

ืœืœื ืฉื: ื›ืŸ, ืงื“ื™ืžื”, ืœืฉืื•ืœ ืืช ื”ืฉืืœื” ืฉืขื•ืฉื” ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ืžื˜ื•ืจืฃ ืขืœื™ื™! ืื ื™ ืชืžื™ื“ ืžืงื‘ืœ ืชื’ื•ื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืŸ ื”ืื ืฉื™ื ืฉืื ื™ ืขื•ื–ื‘ ืื– ืžืŸ ื”ืื ืฉื™ื ืฉืื ื™ ืžื–ื›ื™ืจ.

ื ืชื—ื™ืœ ืขื ื•ืจืžื•ื ื˜. ืื—ื“ ื”ืคืจื•ื™ืงื˜ื™ื ื”ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ื”ืžืขื ื™ื™ื ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื”ื•ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืœืจื•ืฅ ื‘ Jasper Hill Farm (jasperhillfarm.com) ื‘ืฆืคื•ืŸ ืžื–ืจื— ื”ืžืžืœื›ื”. ืœื ืจืง ืฉื”ื ืขื•ืฉื™ื ืืช Winnimere, ืื—ื“ ื”ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ื”ืื”ื•ื‘ื™ื ืขืœื™ ื›ืœ ื”ื–ืžืŸ, ื”ื ื’ื ื‘ื ื• ื—ื“ืจ ื”ื”ื–ื“ืงื ื•ืช ื”ื ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ืžื–ื“ืงื ืช ืœื—ืงืœืื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื, ื›ืš ืฉื—ืœื‘ื™ ื—ืœื‘ ืงื˜ื ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืฉืจื•ื“ ื‘ืืงืœื™ื ื”ื›ืœื›ืœื™ ื”ื–ื”.

ื‘ ื•ื™ืกืงื•ื ืกื™ืŸ, ืื ื™ ื‘ืืžืช ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื–ื›ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืฉืžื•ืจื” Ridge ื ืขื™ื ืž Uplands Cheese ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” (uplandscheese.com). ื”ื ืื—ื“ ืฉืœ cheesemakers ืจืง ื›ื“ื™ ืœื–ื›ื•ืช ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ื”ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ื”ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืฆื’ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืคืขื ืื—ืช. ื–ื”ื• ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ื‘ืกื’ื ื•ืŸ ืืœืคื™ื ื™, ื‘ื“ื•ืžื” ืœื’ืจื™ื™ืจ ื‘ื˜ืขื ื˜ื•ื‘, ืื‘ืœ ืขื ื‘ืขื™ื˜ื” ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ืช ืžืฉืœื•.

ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืงืœื™ืคื•ืจื ื™ื”, ืื ื™ ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื”ื–ื›ื™ืจ ื”ืืจืœื™ ื—ื•ื•ืช (harleyfarms.com). ื”ื ืžืคื™ืง ืขื˜ื•ืจืช ื”ืคืจืกื™ื ืฉืœ ื’ื‘ื™ื ืช ืขื™ื–ื™ื ื”ื—ื•ื•ื” ื”ื™ืคื” ืฉืœื”ื Pescadero ื”ื•ื ืžืงื•ื ืงืœ ืœื‘ืงืจ ืื ืืชื” ืขืœ ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 1. ื”ื ื”ื™ื• ื›ืœ ื›ืš ืžื•ืฆืœื— ืจื™ืฆื” ืกื™ื•ืจื™ื ื•ืžื›ื™ืจื” ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ืืช ื”ื—ื•ื•ื” ืฉืœื”ื ื›ื™ ื”ื ื™ืจื“ื• ื”ื”ืคืฆื” ืฉืœื”ื ื‘ื—ื•ืฅ. ืื ื—ื ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืฉืืช ืืช ื–ื” ื‘ co-op ืฉืœื ื• ื›ื™ ืื ื—ื ื• ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœ ืกื‘ื, ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ืื—ื“ ื”ื—ื•ื•ืช ื”ืื”ื•ื‘ื™ื ืขืœื™ ืœื‘ืงืจ. (ื•ืœื•ื•ื“ื ืœืงื‘ืœ ืขื•ื’ืช olallieberry ื‘ื‘ื™ืช Tavern ืฉืœ Duarte ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืฉืืชื” ื‘ืขื™ืจ!)

ืจื•ื‘ ื—ื•ื•ืช ืžื—ืœื‘ื•ืช ื”ื ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืขืžื•ืกื™ื ืœื ืคืชื•ื— ืœืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ, ืื‘ืœ ื™ืฉ ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ื•ืจืžื•ื ื˜ ืืฉืจ ืžืคืจื˜ืช ืžืกืคืจ ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื‘ืงืจ. ื‘ื•ื•ืฉื™ื ื’ื˜ื•ืŸ, ื‘ืงืœื™ืคื•ืจื ื™ื” ื•ื‘ื•ื•ื™ืกืงื•ื ืกื™ืŸ ื™ืฉ ื’ื ืžืคื•ืช ื”ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืช ื”ื™ื›ืŸ ื ืžืฆืื•ืช ื’ื‘ื™ื ื•ืช ื•ืืœื” ืคืชื•ื—ื•ืช ืœืงื”ืœ ื”ืจื—ื‘.

ื”ืขืจื” ืฉืœ ืขื•ืจืš: ืžื—ืคืฉ ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ื›ื™ืฃ ื‘ืงืœื™ืคื•ืจื ื™ื”? ื‘ื“ื•ืง ืืช ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ ื”ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ืฉืœื ื• ื‘ืงืœื™ืคื•ืจื ื™ื”, ื”ื›ื•ืœืœื™ื ืงื™ืฉื•ืจื™ื ืืœ ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ PDF ืœื”ื•ืจื“ื” ืœื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ื‘ื›ืžื” ืžืฆืžื—ื™ ื”ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ื”ืื”ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืฆืคื•ืŸ ืงืœื™ืคื•ืจื ื™ื”.

ืื™ืคื” ื‘ืืจืฆื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจื™ืช ื”ื™ื™ืช ืžื•ืคืชืข ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื’ื‘ื™ืฉ ื’ื“ื•ืœ artisanal?

ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืฆืฆื” ื‘ื›ืœ ืžืงื•ื ื‘ืืจืฅ, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ื“ืจื•ื (www.southerncheese.org). ื”ืื”ื•ื‘ ื”ืื™ืฉื™ ื”ื•ื ืžืชื•ืง ื“ืฉื ื—ืœื‘ (www.sweetgrassdiary.com) ืชื•ืžืกื•ื•ื™ืœ, ื’'ื•ืจื’'ื™ื”. ื”ื ืžื—ืœื‘ื” ืžื‘ื•ืกืกืช ืžืจืขื” - ืžืฉื”ื• ื™ื•ืฆื ื“ื•ืคืŸ ืœืžื“ื™ ื‘ืืจื”"ื‘ - ื•ื”ื ืขื•ืฉื™ื ืืช ืื—ืช ื”ื’ื‘ื™ื ื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉื”ื‘ืฉื™ืœื• ืืช ื”ืืจืฅ.

ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืกื‘ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืจืขื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ terroir ื•ื›ื™ืฆื“ ื”ื•ื ืžืชื™ื™ื—ืก ื’ื‘ื™ื ื”?

"Terroir" ื‘ืขืฆื ืื•ืžืจ ื›ื™ ืžื•ืฆืจ ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืžื›ื™ืœ ืชื—ื•ืฉื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžืงื•ื ืฉื‘ื• ื”ื•ื ืขืฉื”; ืฉื‘ืžืงืจื” ืฉืœ ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” - ื”ืขืฉื‘ื™ื ืฉื”ื™ื•ื ืงื™ื ืื•ื›ืœื™ื (ื•ื’ื–ืข ื”ื™ื•ื ืงื™ื ืขืฆืžื) ื™ื”ืคื›ื• ืœื˜ืขืžื™ ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ื‘ื•ื“ื“ื™ื ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ื™ื ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ, ืฉืœื ื™ื”ื™ื” ืืคืฉืจ ืœื”ืขืชื™ืงื ื‘ืฉื•ื ืžืงื•ื ืื—ืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื. ื–ื”ื• ื—ืœืง ืžืŸ ื”ืจืขื™ื•ืŸ ืžืื—ื•ืจื™ ืคืงื“ื™ ืฉื ืืฉืจ ืœื”ืกื“ื™ืจ ื›ื™ (ืœืžืฉืœ) ืฉืžืคื ื™ื” ืื• Gruyere ื“ื” Comté ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืจืง ืฉื›ื•ืชืจืชื• ื›ื›ื–ื” ืื ื ืขืฉื” ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ื‘ืชื ืื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื.

ืขื ื–ืืช, "terroir" ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื’ื ื”ื•ื ืื” ืฉื™ื•ื•ืงื™ืช ืื• ื—ืœื•ื ื‘ื”ืงื™ืฅ ื™ื•ืžืจื ื™ ืฉืœ ืกื•ืคืจ ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืขืฆืœืŸ. ืื ื”ืžื•ื ื— ืžืฉืžืฉ ืœื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ืฉื‘ื” ื”ื—ื™ื•ืช ืœื ืจื•ืขื•ืช, ืฉื ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ืงื•ื ื” ื—ืœื‘ ืžื”ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ืœื ืžื™ื™ื“ื™, ืื• ืฉื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ืžืฉืชืžืฉืช ื‘ืงืจื— ืงืคื•ื ืžืžื“ื™ื ื” ืื—ืจืช, ืื™ืŸ ืฉื ื—ืœืœ. ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ื˜ื•ื‘ื”, ืื‘ืœ terroir ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ ื”ื•ื ื‘ื“ืžื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืžื™ืฉื”ื•.

ืื™ื–ื” ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื™ืฉ ืœืš ืœืื•ื”ื‘ื™ ื”ื’ื‘ื™ื ื”?

ืœืื›ื•ืœ ืžืงื•ืžื™! ืื• ืœื™ืชืจ ื“ื™ื•ืง, ืœืื›ื•ืœ ืžื” ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ืื•ื›ืœื™ื. ื–ื• ื”ื“ืจืš ืœื”ื›ื™ืจ ืžืงื•ื.

ืื ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื‘ืงืจ ื‘ื›ืœ ื™ืฆืจื ื™ืช ื”ื’ื‘ื™ื ื” ื‘ืขื•ืœื, ืžื™ ื–ื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ื•ืœืžื”?

ืœื ื™ืื•ืžืŸ (ืืœื™) ืœื ื‘ื™ืงืจืชื™ ื–ื™ืงื” ื‘ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื” ื•ืจืื” ืืช ืคืจืžื™ื’ื™ืื ื• ืจื’'ื™ืื ื•. ื–ื•ื”ื™ ืขืœื™ื™ื” ืœืจื’ืœ ืขืœื™ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืืžื•ืช!

ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ืคื•ืจืกื ื‘ืžืงื•ืจ ื‘ืื•ืงื˜ื•ื‘ืจ 2010 ื•ืคื•ืจืกื ืžื—ื“ืฉ ื‘ื“ืฆืžื‘ืจ 2013.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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