ื‘ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื™ืฉ ื”ืชืžื•ื˜ื˜ื•ืช cathartic

ื‘ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื™ืฉ ื”ืชืžื•ื˜ื˜ื•ืช cathartic

ื”ื˜ื™ืกื” ืฉืœื™ ืœืจื•ืžื ื™ื” ื‘ื•ื˜ืœื” ืคืชืื•ื, ื•ื”ื•ืชื™ืจื” ืื•ืชื™ ืชืงื•ืข ื‘ืฉื“ื” ื”ืชืขื•ืคื” ืฉืœ ื ื™ื• ื™ื•ืจืง ื‘ื—ืฆื•ืช ื”ืœื™ืœื”, ืœืœื ื’ื™ืฉื” ืœืžื–ื•ื•ื“ื•ืช ืฉืœื™ 24 ืฉืขื•ืช ืœืคื ื™ ื”ื˜ื™ืกื” ื”ื‘ืื”. ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื™ื—ื” ืœื ื™ืฆืจื ื™ืช ืขื ืกื•ื›ืŸ ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ืœืงื•ื—ื•ืช ืœื ืžื•ืขื™ืœ, ื ื™ืชืงืชื™ ืืช ื”ื˜ืœืคื•ืŸ ืขื ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœ ื›ื•ื— ื”ืžืฉืžืฉ ืœื”ื ื—ืช ืขืžื“ืช ื’ื“ืจ ื‘ืื“ืžื” ืงืคื•ืื”, ื—ื–ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืคืขื•ืœื” ื›ืžื” ืคืขืžื™ื ืœื˜ื•ืคืก, ืฉื™ื—ืจืจ ืงืœืœื” ืžืงื•ืœืœืช ื‘ืงื•ืœ ืจื ืžืกืคื™ืง ื›ื“ื™ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ืื ืฉื™ื ืขืœ ืžื˜ื•ืก ื—ื•ืœืฃ, ื•ืื– ืฆืขื“ ื”ื—ื•ืฆื” ื”ื—ื•ืฆื” ื›ื“ื™ ืžื–ืœื’ ืžืขืœ 40 $ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื ืกื™ืขื” ืžื•ื ื™ืช ื‘ื‘ืจื•ืงืœื™ืŸ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืงืจื•ืก ืขืœ ื”ืกืคื” ืฉืœ ื—ื‘ืจ.

ืœืžื•ืชืจ ืœืฆื™ื™ืŸ, JFK ื”ื•ื ืžืงื•ื ื ื•ืจื ื™ืฉ ื”ืชืžื•ื˜ื˜ื•ืช ืจื’ืฉื™ืช. ืฉื•ื ื“ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจื” ืฉืœื• ื”ื•ื ืžื ื—ื. ื›ื•ืœื ืขืกื•ืงื™ื ืžื“ื™ ื‘ืžืฆื‘ื™ื ืฉืœื”ื ืœื˜ืคืœ ืื• ืœื”ืจืื•ืช ื“ืื’ื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื›ืœ ืื“ื ืื—ืจ. ื•ืฉื—ืจื•ืจ ื˜ื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ืžืชื— ืคื™ืกื™ - ื”ืจื™ืกืช ื˜ืœืคื•ืŸ ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจื™ ื‘ื™ื“ื™ื™ื ื—ืฉื•ืคื•ืช - ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ืกืชื™ื™ื ื‘ืฆืจื•ืช ืžืฉืคื˜ื™ื•ืช.

ืื–, ืžื” ืขื•ืฉื” ืžืงื•ื ื˜ื•ื‘ ื™ืฉ ื”ืชืžื•ื˜ื˜ื•ืช cathartic? ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืื™ื“ื™ืืœื™, ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืžื•ื›ืจ ื•ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ืขื ื—ื‘ืจื™ื ืชื•ืžื›ื™ื, ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืœื ืืคืฉืจื™ ื‘ืขืช ื ืกื™ืขื”. ืื•ืœื™ ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื›ืœืฉื”ื• ืขื ืžื™ื, ื›ืš ืžืชืคืชืœ ืžืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื‘ืœื™ ืœืฉื‘ื•ืจ ืฉื•ื ื“ื‘ืจ ื•ื“ืžืขื•ืช ืœื”ืชืจื—ืฅ. ืื™ ืฉื ืขื ื”ืžื•ืŸ ื›ืจื™ื•ืช ื ืจืื” ื›ืžื• ืจืขื™ื•ืŸ ื˜ื•ื‘. ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™, ื”ื‘ื ื” ื–ืจื™ื ื™ืขืฉื• ื›ืืฉืจ ืœื ื—ื‘ืจื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื™ื ื ืžืฆืื™ื.

ืœืคืขืžื™ื ื”ืชืžื•ื˜ื˜ื•ืช ื‘ืงื ื” ืžื™ื“ื” ืžืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืชื’ื ื‘ ืœืš, ืื‘ืœ ืจื•ื‘ ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืืชื” ื›ื ืจืื” ื™ื•ื“ืข ืžืชื™ ืื—ื“ ืขืœ ื”ืื•ืคืง, ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ื‘ืชื•ืš ืื—ื“ ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืงืฆืช ื–ืžืŸ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ืืช ื–ื”. ืขื ื–ืืช, ื‘ืจืืฉ, ื”ื ื” ื›ืžื” ื”ืฆืขื•ืช ืœืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืœืกื’ืช ื›ืืฉืจ ืฉื—ืจื•ืจ ืจื’ืฉื™ืช cathartic ื”ื•ืคืš ื”ื›ืจื—ื™.

ื ื•ืคื™ ื ื•ืจื•ื•ื’ื™ื” Sognefjord. ืชืžื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ื’ 'ื•ืŸ ื•ื•ืื ื’ / Getty ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช.

ื ื•ืจื‘ื’ื™ื” - ื”ืกื—ื•ืช ื“ืขืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช

ืชืงืœื•ืช ืงืืชื™ื•ืช ื•ืžืจื•ื•ื—ื™ื ื”ืชืื•ืฉืฉื•ืช ื”ื ื”ืงืœื• ืžืื•ื“ ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื™ืคื”, ื‘ื˜ื•ื—. ื–ื” ืœื ืžืงื‘ืœ ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื™ืคื”- er ืื• ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืืฉืจ ื ื•ืจื‘ื’ื™ื”. ืื ื–ื” ืœื ืขื•ืฉื” ืืช ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื”, ืฉืชื™ื™ืช ื›ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื•ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืจื”, ืฉื™ืจื” ื•ืงืจื•ืกื™ื ื’ ื ืจืื” ืขื•ื‘ื“ ื‘ืกื“ืจ ื’ืžื•ืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื•ื•ื™ืงื™ื ื’ื™ื, ืื– ืœืชืช ืืช ื–ื” ื–ืจื™ืงื”. ืœืžืจื‘ื” ื”ืฆืขืจ, ืืช ื”ืขืœื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ื ื•ืจื‘ื’ื™ื”, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืžื—ื™ืจื™ ื”ืืœื›ื•ื”ื•ืœ, ื”ื™ื• ื™ื“ื•ืขื™ื ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื”ืชืžื•ื˜ื˜ื•ืช ืื• ืฉืชื™ื™ื, ื›ืš ืžื™ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ื”ื•ื ื”ืžืคืชื—.

ืื™ืกื˜ื ื‘ื•ืœื’ืจื ื“ ื‘ืื–ืืจ - ื ื—ื™ืชื•ืช ืจื›ื•ืช

ื›ืจื™ื•ืช ื•ืฉื˜ื™ื—ื™ื ื‘ื›ืœ ืžืงื•ื! ื’ืจืื ื“ ื‘ื–ืืจ ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกื ืฉืœ ืื™ืกื˜ื ื‘ื•ืœ ื”ื•ื ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ืžื•ืฉืœื ืœื–ืจื•ืง ืืช ืขืฆืžืš ืœืžื˜ื”, ืœื”ืชืคืชืœ ื•ืœื–ืขื•ืง ืื•ืชื•. ืœืงื‘ืœืช ืืคืงื˜ ื—ื–ื•ืชื™ ื‘ืœืชื™ ื ืฉื›ื—, ืœืฉืงื•ืœ ืคืœื•ืค ื‘ื˜ืŸ ืžืจื•ืกืง ืœืชื•ืš ืชืœื•ืœื™ืช ืฉืœ ืคืคืจื™ืงื”. ื•ืื– ืœื ืขืจ ืื•ืชื• ืขื ื›ื•ืก ืžืฉืงื” ืฉืœ ืชื”. ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ื”ืกืฆื™ื ื” ื”ืžืœื•ื“ืจืžื˜ื™ืช (ื›ื›ืœ ื”ื ืจืื”) ืชืขื•ื“ื“ ื”ื˜ืจื“ื” ืžืฆื“ ืจื•ื›ืœื™ ืฉื˜ื™ื—.

ื™ื•ืงื˜ืŸ ืคื ื™ื ืกื•ืœื”, ืžืงืกื™ืงื• - ืฆืœื™ืœื•ืช ืขืžื•ืงื•ืช

ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ืœื˜ืืงื• ื–ื•ืœื” ื•ืœื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื‘ืฉืจื™ืคืช ื‘ื™ืจื”, ื‘ื—ืฆื™ ื”ืื™ ื™ื•ืงื˜ืŸ cenotes: ื‘ื•ืจื•ืช ื’ื™ืจ ืขืžื•ืงื™ื, ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื, ืžืœืื™ื ื‘ืžื™ ืชื”ื•ื. ืงืคื™ืฆื•ืช ืžื’ื‘ื”ื™ื ื‘ื™ื ื•ื ื™ื™ื ืœืชื•ืš ืืœื” cenotes ื”ื•ื ืฉื—ืจื•ืจ ืžืžืจื™ืฅ ืฉืœ ื”ืžืชื— ื”ืคื™ื–ื™ ื•ื”ืจื’ืฉื™ ื›ืื—ื“. ื•ื›ืืฉืจ ื™ืฉ ืœืš ืœื”ืคืขื™ืœ ืืช ืขืฆืžืš ืžืกืคื™ืง cenotes, ืืช tacos ื–ื•ืœื” ื•ื‘ื™ืจื” ืžื—ื›ื”.

ื–ืœืฆื‘ื•ืจื’ ื’ื•ืจื ืœื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืฉื™ืจืฆื” ืคืชืื•ื ืœืฉื™ืจ. ืชืžื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ื“ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื•ื ื’ / Getty Images.

ื–ืœืฆื‘ื•ืจื’, ืื•ืกื˜ืจื™ื” - ืคืจืฅ ืœืฉื™ืจ

ืžื” ืžืงื•ื ื˜ื•ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื”ืชืจื—ืฉ ื”ืชืื•ืฉืฉื•ืช ื”ืชืžื•ื˜ื˜ื•ืช ืžืืฉืจ ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืžื•ื–ืจื”, ืฉืœื•ื•ื”, ื”ืื’ื“ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื–ืœืฆื‘ื•ืจื’ ืฉื‘ื• ืžื ื’ื™ื ื•ืช ื“ืื™ื” ืฉืœ ืจื•ื’'ืจืก ื• Hammerstein ืฉืœ ืงื•ืœ ื”ืžื•ืกื™ืงื” ืžื˜ืœื˜ืœ ืืช ืื•ื–ื ื™ืš ื›ืžื” ืคืขืžื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ื? ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžื™ ืœืžืฆื•ื ืืช ืขืฆืžื ื‘ืฉืœื‘ "ืฉื—ืจื•ืจ" ืฉืœ ื”ืชืžื•ื˜ื˜ื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื ืขื ื”ื”ื’ืขื”, ืœื—ืคืฉ ืืช ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืงื” ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืœื“ ื”ื•ืœื“ืชื• ืžื•ืฆืจื˜, ืฉืœื ื”ื™ื” ื–ืจ ืœืฉื—ืจืจ ืจื’ืฉื™ืช. ืื• ืฉืชืชืงืจื‘ ืœืจื’ื™ืขื” ื‘ืกืฆื ืช ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืงื” ื”ื›ื‘ื“ื” ืฉืœ ื–ืœืฆื‘ื•ืจื’, ืฉืชืืจื— ืืช ื›ื ืก "ื”ืžืชื›ืช" ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื‘ -2008.

ืงืื™ืงื•ืจื”, ื ื™ื• ื–ื™ืœื ื“ - ืœื”ืฉืจื•ืช ืืช ืงืจื ื™

ืื ื”ืฉืžื—ื” ื•ื”ืฉืœื•ื•ื” ืฉืœ ืฆืคื™ื™ื” ื‘ื™ื•ื ืงื™ื ื™ืžื™ื™ื ืื™ื ื ืžืฉื‘ืฉื™ื ื”ืชืžื•ื˜ื˜ื•ืช, ืฉื•ื ื“ื‘ืจ ืœื ื™ืขื–ื•ืจ. ืžื™ืžื™ื• ื”ืขืžื•ืงื™ื ืฉืœ ืงืื™ืงื•ืจื” ื”ื ื‘ื™ืช ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ืžื–ืžื™ืŸ ืœืœื•ื•ื™ื™ืชื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื–ืจืข, ื“ื•ืœืคื™ื ื™ื ื“ืžื“ื•ืžื™ื, ืื•ืจืงื”, ื—ื•ืชืžื•ืช ืคืจื•ื•ื”, ืคื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ื ื™ื, ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ ื™ื ื•ืืกืคืงื” โ€‹โ€‹ืžืคื•ืืจืช ืฉืœ ืœื•ื‘ืกื˜ืจ ื‘ื˜ืขื ืงืชืจื–ื™ืก. 8,500 ืจื’ืœ ืžืคื•ืืจ Seaward Kaikoura Mountain ื˜ื•ื•ื— ื’ืœื•ื™ ื›ืžืขื˜ ืžื›ืœ ืžืงื•ื ื‘ืขื™ืจ ืงืื™ืงื•ืจื” ื™ื•ืฉื‘ ืขืœ ื ื™ื• ื–ื™ืœื ื“ ืฉืœ ืžื” ืฉื ืงืจื "ื—ื’ื•ืจืช ื”ืฉืžืฉ", ืžืชื—ืžื ืœืžืขืœื” ืž -2,000 ืฉืขื•ืช ืฉืžืฉ ื‘ืฉื ื”.

ื”ื‘ืœืงื ื™ื - ื’ื–ื•ืจ ืจื•ืคืฃ

ืื ืฉื™ ื”ื‘ืœืงืŸ ืขื‘ืจื• ื”ืจื‘ื”. ืžืขื˜ ืžืื•ื“ fazes ืื•ืชื ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืื– ืงื“ื™ืžื” ื• ืœื—ืชื•ืš ืจื•ืคืฃ ืขื ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉื™ืฉ ืœืš. ืฆื•ืขืง, ืžืชื™ื™ืคื—, ืงื•ืจืข ืืช ื”ื‘ื’ื“ื™ื ืฉืœืš, ืฉื•ืชื” ื‘ืงื‘ื•ืง ืฉืœื ืฉืœ ืจืงื™ื” ื‘ื›ื•ืก ืœื ืงื“ื•ืฉ ืื—ื“ ... Bystanders ื™ื™ืชืŸ ืœืš ื›ืžื•ืช ืžื›ื•ื‘ื“ืช ืฉืœ ืฉื˜ื—, ืื•ืœื™ ืœื”ืจื™ื ื’ื‘ื”, ื•ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืœื—ื›ื•ืช ื‘ืกื‘ืœื ื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื•ืฆื™ื ืืช ื–ื” ืžื”ืžืขืจื›ืช. ืื—ืจื™ ืฉืืชื” ืžืชืžื•ื˜ื˜ ื‘ืชืฉื™ืฉื•ืช, ืื ืืชื” ื‘ืจ ืžื–ืœ ืžื™ืฉื”ื• ื™ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืื•ืชืš ืœื‘ื™ืช ืงืคื” ื™ื“ ืœืš ื‘ื™ืจื”.

ืฆืฃ ื‘ื™ื ื”ืžืœื—. ืชืžื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ื’ื™ื™ื‘ ืจื•ื’ืœ / Getty Images.

ื™ื ื”ืžืœื— - ืœืฆื•ืฃ ื‘

ืื ืช'ืจืก ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ืžื™ื ื”ื•ื ื”ื”ืชืื•ืฉืฉื•ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ื—ื™ืจื”, ื”ื›ื™ ื˜ื•ื‘ ืœืœื›ืช ืœืื™ื–ื” ืžืงื•ื ืขื ืžื™ื ืจื’ื•ืขื™ื, ื›ืžื• ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื ื–ืจืงื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื’ืœื™ ืžืชืจืกืง ืขืœื•ืœ ืœืขื•ืจืจ ื”ืชืžื•ื˜ื˜ื•ืช ืžืขืงื‘.ื™ื ื”ืžืœื—, ืื—ื“ ืžื™ืžื™ ื”ืžื™ื ื”ืžืœื•ื—ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื›ื•ื›ื‘ ื”ืœื›ืช, ืžืฉืš ืื ืฉื™ื ื”ืžื—ืคืฉื™ื ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœื™ ืจื•ื•ื—ื” ื•ื”ื‘ืจืื” ืžืื– ื™ืžื™ื• ืฉืœ ื”ื•ืจื“ื•ืก. ืืชืจื™ ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื‘ืฉืคืข ืฆืฃ ื‘ืฉืœื•ื•ื” ื‘ืžื™ ืžืœื— ื™ื›ื‘ื” ื”ืชืžื•ื˜ื˜ื•ืช ืžืžื”ืจ. ื’ื ื”ื›ืกืคืช ื ืกืคื’ืช: ื”ืžืœื™ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžื™ื ืžืงืฉื” ืžืื•ื“ ืขืœ ื›ืœ ื“ื‘ืจ ืžืœื‘ื“ ืœืฆื•ืฃ ืœืœื ืžื–ื™ืง.

ื—ืœืœ ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ - ืœืœื ืœื—ืฅ

ื”ื—ืœืœ ื”ื•ื ื—ืœืœ ืจื™ืง. ื›ืžื• ืฉื•ืจืช ื”ืชื’ื™ื ืž ื—ื™ื™ื–ืจ ืืžืจ, "ื‘ื—ืœืœ ืœื ืฉื•ืžืขื™ื ืื•ืชืš ืฆื•ืขืง, "ืฆืจื—ื” ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ืช ื›ืœ ื›ืš ืืœ ืชื•ื›ืš ืฉืœ ื”ืœื‘. ืงืืชืจื™ ืื• ืœื, ืœืคื—ื•ืช ืืฃ ืื—ื“ ืœื ื™ื•ื›ืœ ืœึดืฉืึฐืžื•ึนืขึท ืืช ื”ืชืžื•ื˜ื˜ื•ืชืš, ืื• ืœืจืื•ืช ืื•ืชื” ืœืœื ื˜ืœืกืงื•ืค ื‘ืขืœ ืขื•ืฆืžื” ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื”. ื•ื–ื” ืงืœ ืœื“ืžื™ื™ืŸ ื›ื™ ืฆืฃ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืชืื•ืฉืฉื•ืช ื—ืกืจ ืžืฉืงืœ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืžืจื’ื™ืข ืžืื•ื“. ื–ื” ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื’ื•ื—ืš ื›ืžื• ืฉื–ื” ื ืฉืžืข: ื˜ื™ืกื•ืช ืžืกื—ืจื™ื•ืช ืœื—ืœืœ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืžื’ื™ืข ื‘ื“ืจืš ืฉืœืš ื‘ืงืจื•ื‘ ืžืื•ื“.

ืœื™ื™ืฃ Pettersen ื”ื•ื ืกื•ืคืจ ืœื•ื ืœื™ ืคืœืื ื˜, ืกื•ืคืจ ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ืขืฆืžืื™ polyglot. ื”ื•ื ื‘ื™ืงืจ 51 ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช (ืขื“ ื›ื”), ื ืจืฉืžื• ืœืคื—ื•ืช ื—ืžื™ืฉื” ืชืงืœื•ืช ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ืœืชื™ ื ืฉื›ื—ื•ืช, ื•ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืžืฆื•ื ืื•ืชืŸ ื‘- @leifpettersen.

ืื• ืื•ืœื™ ืžื” ืฉืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื”ื•ื ืœืชื›ื ืŸ ื˜ื™ื•ืœ - ืื—ื“ ืืจื•ืš ืžืื•ื“, ื›ื“ื™ ืœืงื‘ืœ ื ืงื•ื“ืช ืžื‘ื˜ ื—ื“ืฉื” ืขืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื. ืื ื›ืš, ืฉืœ ืœื•ื ืœื™ ืคืœืื ื˜ ืชืžื•ื ื” 3 - ื”ืžืกืข ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ / ื”ื•ื ืจืง ืืช ื”ืžืฉืื‘ ืฉืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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