ืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ืžืฉืื™ื•ืช: ืžื“ืจื™ืš to overlanding

ืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ืžืฉืื™ื•ืช: ืžื“ืจื™ืš to overlanding

ืื– ืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ื”ืจืคืชืงื” ืืคื™ืช, ืื‘ืœ ืœื ืจื•ืฆื” ืœืœื›ืช ืœื‘ื“ ...

ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ื™ื‘ืฉืชื™ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืฆื™ืข ืื™ื–ื•ืŸ ื˜ื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ื—ืงืจ offbeat ื•ืขืฆืžืื•ืช, ื”ื‘ื˜ื—ืช ืชื—ื‘ื•ืจื” ืื‘ืœ ืขื•ื–ื‘ ืื•ืชืš ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ ืœื”ื—ืœื™ื˜ ืžื” ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื‘ืจื’ืข ืฉืืชื” ื”ืชื’ืœื’ืœ ืœืชื•ืš ื”ืขื™ืจ.

ื™ื•ื ื˜ื™ืคื•ืกื™

ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ืขืœ ืžืฉืื™ืช ื“ื•ืจืฉ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืจื•ื— ื”ืงื”ื™ืœื”. ืืชื” ืชื”ื™ื” ืœืคืฆืœ ืœืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช ืœื‘ืฉืœ ื‘ืชื•ืจื• ืงื ื™ื•ืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืืกืคืงื” โ€‹โ€‹ืžื’ื™ืข ืขื ื”ืืจื•ื—ื•ืช. ืœืคืขืžื™ื ืืชื” ืžื‘ืœื” ื™ืžื™ื ืืจื•ื›ื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืกื™ืคื•ืŸ, ื ื•ืชืŸ ื–ืžืŸ ืœื”ื›ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ื—ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื—ื“ืฉื™ื ืฉืœืš ืœื ืกื•ืข, ื›ื“ื™ ืœืกืคื•ื’ ืืช ื”ื ื•ืฃ ืœื ื•ืคืฃ ืœืขื‘ืจ ื”ืขื•ื‘ืจื™ื ื•ืฉื‘ื™ื. ื‘ืžืงืจื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื, ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื”ืงื™ื ืžื—ื ื” ื•ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ื‘ืขื™ืจ ืื—ืช ืœื›ืžื” ื™ืžื™ื, ืชื•ืš ื ื™ืฆื•ืœ ืฉืœ ื”ืื˜ืจืงืฆื™ื•ืช ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื•ืช.

ื‘ื•ืงืจ ืœืขื™ืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืžื•ืงื“ื ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ื™ื‘ืฉืชื™. ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืฉืžื‘ืฉืœืช-ื”ืงืคื” ื”ืชื•ืจืฉืช ืžืจืขื™ืฉื” ืงืฆืช ืืจื•ื—ืช-ื‘ื•ืงืจ, ืืชื” ืชื•ืจื™ื“ ืืช ื”ืื•ื”ืœ ืฉืœืš, ืชืืจื– ืืช ื”ื—ืคืฆื™ื ืฉืœืš, ื•ืื ืืชื” ืœื ื‘ืžื—ื ื” ื‘ื•ืฉ, ืื•ืœื™ ืืคื™ืœื• ืชืชืงืœื—. ื”ื™ืžื™ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื ื•ืงื“ื™ื ืขื ืขืฆื™ืจื•ืช ืœื—ื ื•ืช ื‘ืฉื•ื•ืงื™ื, ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ื ื™ื ืื• ืœื‘ืงืจ ื‘ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื.

ื‘ืจื’ืข ืฉื”ืžืฉืื™ืช ืžื’ื™ืขื” ืœืžื—ื ื” ืฉืœ ืื•ืชื• ืœื™ืœื”, ืœืชืคื•ืก ืืช ื”ืื•ื”ืœ ืฉืœืš ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืืชืจ. ื‘ืขืจื‘ื™ื ืืคืฉืจ ื”ื™ื” ืœื‘ืœื•ืช ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืžื“ื•ืจื•ืช ื”ืžื—ื ื” ืื• ืžื“ื™ ืคืขื ืœื˜ืื˜ื ื‘ื—ื•ืฅ ืœืื›ื•ืœ ื‘ืžืกืขื“ื•ืช ืžืงื•ืžื™ื•ืช.

ื—ื™ืฉื•ื‘ ื”ืขืœื•ื™ื•ืช

ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ืืช ื”ืขืœื•ืช ื”ื›ื•ืœืœืช ืฉืœ ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื™ื‘ืฉืชื™ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื›ืื‘ ืจืืฉ. ื–ื›ื•ืจ ื›ื™ ื”ื”ื•ืฆืื” ืฉืœืš ื™ื”ื™ื” ื‘ืขืฆื ืœืคืฆืœ ืœืฉืœื•ืฉื” ื—ืœืงื™ื:

ืชืฉืœื•ื ืœืคื ื™ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื”: ืขืœื•ืช upfront ืžื›ืกื” ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืืช ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฉืื™ืช ื•ืืช ื”ืฆื™ื•ื“ (ืื•ื”ืœื™ื, ืฆื™ื•ื“ ื‘ื™ืฉื•ืœ, ื•ื›ื• '), ื›ืžื• ื’ื ืืช ื”ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื™ื“ืข. ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ืžื•ืช ื›ื•ืœืœื•ืช ืคืขื™ืœื•ื™ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ืžื•ืช ื“ืžื™ upfront, ื›ื“ื™ ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ืžื” ื›ืœื•ืœ. ืืชื” ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืœื‘ื“ ื›ืฉืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ื˜ื™ืกื•ืช, ืืฉืจื•ืช, ื—ื™ืกื•ื ื™ื ื•ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื—.

ืชืฉืœื•ื ืžืงื•ืžื™: ื”ื™ื“ื•ืข ื’ื ื‘ืฉื ืงื™ื˜ื™, ื–ื” ืชืงืŸ ืขืœ ื›ืœ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ื”ื™ื‘ืฉืชื™ื•ืช. ื–ื” ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ payable ื‘ื“ื•ืœืจื™ื, ืื• ืœืคืขืžื™ื GBP, EUR ืื• ื”ืžื˜ื‘ืข ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™. ื–ื” ืชืฉืœื•ื ื‘ืžื–ื•ืžืŸ, ื™ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ืœื™ื“ื™ ื”ืžื“ืจื™ืš, ืžื›ืกื” ืืช ืขืœื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืงื‘ื•ืฆื” ืขืœ ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ - ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื›ืžื• ื“ืžื™ ืžื—ื ืื•ืช, ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื•ื’ื–. ื–ื” ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืืช ืขืœื•ืช ืงื™ื˜ื™ ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืืชื” ืขื•ื–ื‘ ืืช ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ื•ื ื ื•ื˜ื” ืœืฉื ื•ืช ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืืฉืจ ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื–ืžื™ืŸ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ.

ืœื‘ื–ื‘ื– ื›ืกืฃ: ืขื ื™ืกื•ื“ื•ืช ืžื›ื•ืกื™ื - ืชื—ื‘ื•ืจื”, ืœื™ื ื” ื•ืื•ื›ืœ - ื”ืฉืืจ ืชืœื•ื™ ืืš ื•ืจืง ื‘ืš. ื‘ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื, ื›ืœ ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ื ื•ืกืคืช ืชื™ืฉื ื‘ืขืœื•ืช ื ื•ืกืคืช. ืื ืืชื” ืจืง ื‘ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื”, ื›ืืŸ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืกืคื•ื’ ืืช ื”ื ื•ืฃ ื•ืืช ื”ื—ื ื•ืช ื‘ืฉื•ื•ืงื™ื ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื, ื”ื”ื•ืฆืื•ืช ื”ื™ื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ื™ื”ื™ื” ื ืžื•ืš (ื—ื•ืฉื‘ ื’ืœื•ื™ื•ืช, ืžื–ื›ืจื•ืช, ื‘ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืขืจื‘ ืฉื™ื—ื•ืช ื˜ืœืคื•ืŸ ื”ื‘ื™ืชื”).

ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœื ืฆืœ ืืช ืžืœื•ื ื”ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœ, ืœื”ืชืขื ื’ ืขืœ ื›ืœ ืžืคื’ืฉ ืฉืœ ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื, ืœื—ื•ื•ืช ื›ืœ ืกืคื•ืจื˜ ืื“ืจื ืœื™ืŸ ื•ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืขื ื›ืœ ืชื•ืกืคืช ืื•ืคืฆื™ื•ื ืœื™ืช ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ื“ืจืš. ืืชืจ ื”ืžืคืขื™ืœ ืฉื‘ื—ืจืช ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื›ืœื•ืœ ืจืฉื™ืžื” ืžืงื™ืคื” ืฉืœ ืคืขื™ืœื•ื™ื•ืช ืืคืฉืจื™ื•ืช ืขื ื”ืžื—ื™ืจ ื”ืžืฉื•ืขืจ ืฉืœื”ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœืš ืชืงืฆื™ื‘.

ืžื” ืœืืจื•ื–

ื—ืœืœ ืœื•ืงืจ ืžื•ื’ื‘ืœ, ืื– ืœื ืœื”ืฉืชื’ืข. ื”ื ื” ื›ืžื” ืขื•ื‘ื“ื•ืช ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื•ืช ืœื”ื•ืกืคื” ืœืจืฉื™ืžื” ื”ืจื’ื™ืœื”:

  • ืžื—ืฆืœืช ืฉื™ื ื”, ืฉืง ืฉื™ื ื” ื•ื›ืจ ื›ืœืฉื”ื• - ืžืงื˜ื•ืจืŸ ืžื’ื•ืœื’ืœ ืžืชืขื™ื™ืฃ ืื—ืจื™ ื›ืžื” ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื
  • ืื˜ืžื™ ืื•ื–ื ื™ื™ื - ืืชื” ื›ืžืขื˜ ื‘ื•ื•ื“ืื•ืช ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืฉื™ืชื•ืฃ ืื•ื”ืœ
  • ืกืคืจื™ื - ื–ื•ื’ ื™ืขืฉื” ื›ืคื™ ืฉืืชื” ืฆืคื•ื™ ืœื”ื—ืœื™ืฃ ืขื ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื
  • ืžื“ืจื™ืš - ืงืœ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืขืฆืœืŸ ืขืœ ืกื™ื•ืจ ืžื•ื“ืจืš. ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืžืกื™ื™ืข ืœืš ืœืขืงื•ื‘ ืื—ืจ ื”ืžืงื•ื ืฉื‘ื• ืืชื” ื ื•ืชืŸ ืชื•ื‘ื ื” ื”ืฉืคื” ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช ื•ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช
  • ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— - ื–ื” ื—ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ืจื•ื‘ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ื”ื™ื‘ืฉืชื™ืช ื•ืืชื” ืœื ื™ื•ืจืฉื” ืœืขืœื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ืœื•ื— ืœืœื ื–ื”
  • ืจืืฉ ืคืชื•ื— - ื”ื™ืฉืจื“ื•ืช ื”ื•ื ืกื•ื’ ืฉื•ื ื” ืœื’ืžืจื™ ืฉืœ ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช. ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ื ืžืฉืชื ื™ื, ืžืฉืื™ื•ืช ื ืชืงืข ื‘ื‘ื•ืฅ ื•ืืชื” ืชื”ื™ื” ื ืกื™ืขื” ืื™ื ื˜ื ืกื™ื‘ื™ ืขื ืื ืฉื™ื ืฉื–ื” ืขืชื” ืคื’ืฉืช. ืžืฆืคื” ืœื›ืœ ืžื™ื ื™ ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ื•ืœื–ื›ื•ืจ ื›ื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื›ืœ ืžื˜ื•ืจืฃ ืžืขืฆื‘ืŸ (ื•ื–ื” ื›ื ืจืื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ืื—ื“), ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœืžืฆื•ื ื’ื ื—ื‘ืจ ืœื›ืœ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื.

ืื™ืš ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื—ื‘ืจื”

ืื•ืคืจื˜ื•ืจื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ื”ื˜ื‘ื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช, ืื– ืœื”ื—ืœื™ื˜ ืžื” ืืชื” ืžื—ืคืฉ ืžืจืืฉ. ื”ืื ืืชื” ืžื—ื•ืกืคืก ืœืžื“ื™ ื•ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืงืฆืช ื›ืกืฃ? ืื• ื”ืื ืืช spurgege ื ื•ืกืคืช ืฉื•ื•ื” ืืช ื–ื” ืœื“ืขืช ื›ื™ ืžื™ืฉื”ื• ืื—ืจ ื™ื”ื™ื” ื‘ื™ืฉื•ืœ ื”ืืจื•ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœืš ื•ื›ื™ ืœื™ืœื•ืช ืชื—ืช ื‘ื“ ื™ืคื•ืจืงื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืฉื”ื™ื™ื” ื‘ืžืœื•ืŸ ืžื“ื™ ืคืขื? ื”ืื ืืชื” ืžืขื“ื™ืฃ ืœืฉืœื ืžืจืืฉ ื™ืฉ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืคืขื™ืœื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ื•ืฉืœื›ื•? ืื• ื”ืื ืืชื” ืžืขื“ื™ืฃ ืœืฉืœื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืขืฆืžื•ืช ื—ืฉื•ืฃ ื•ืœื”ื•ืกื™ืฃ ืขืœ ืกืคืืจื™, ืกื™ืจื•ืช ืจื•ื›ื‘ ืกื™ื•ืจื™ื ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ ื›ืžื• ืžืฆื‘ ืจื•ื— ืœื•ืงื— ืื•ืชืš?

ืฉืืœื•ืช ืœืฉืื•ืœ ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืืชื” ื”ื•ืœืš

ืจืง ื‘ื’ืœืœ ืฉื–ื” ืกื™ื•ืจ ืžืื•ืจื’ืŸ, ื–ื” ืœื ืื•ืžืจ ืฉืื™ืŸ ืœืš ืฉื•ื ืื—ืจื™ื•ืช. ื‘ืจื’ืข ืฉืืชื” ืขืœ ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœื˜ืคืœ - ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืฉืœืš ืงื•ืจื” ื‘ืฉืœื‘ื™ ื”ืชื›ื ื•ืŸ. ืฉืืœ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืฉืืœื•ืช ื•ืžืขืœ ืœื›ืœ ืœื•ื•ื“ื ืฉืืชื” ื™ื•ื“ืข ืžื” ื›ืœื•ืœ ื•ืžื” ื ื•ืกืฃ.

ื›ืžื” ื”ืฆืขื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœืš ืœื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืขืœ ืžื” ืœืฉืื•ืœ:

  • ืžื” ื”ื ื™ืกื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ ื™ืฉ ื”ืžื“ืจื™ืš?
  • ื›ืžื” ื–ืžืŸ ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœ? (ื•ื›ืžื•ื‘ืŸ, ื–ื” ืงืฆืจ ืžื“ื™? ื›ืžื” ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ื ืžื ืกื™ื ืœื“ื—ื•ืก ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื“ื™ - ืื ื™ืฉ ืœืš ืจืง ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ืคื ื•ื™, ืœื”ืชืžืงื“ ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ืงื˜ืŸ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืืฉืจ relegating ืขืฆืžืš ืื™ื ืกื•ืคื™ืช 10 ืฉืขื•ืช ื™ืžื™ื ื‘ืžืฉืื™ืช)
  • ืžื” ื›ืœื•ืœ ื‘ืžื—ื™ืจ? (ื”ืื ืืชื” ืžืฉืœื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื? ื›ืœ ื”ืืจื•ื—ื•ืช ืžื›ื•ืกื•ืช?)
  • ื”ืื ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืžืœืื™ ืขืœ ืืฉืจื•ืช ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืืชื” ื”ื•ืœืš ืื• ืžื“ืจื™ื›ื™ื ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืขื ื–ื” ื›ืžื• ืฉืืชื” ื ื•ืกืข? ื”ืื ื•ื™ื–ื•ืช ื›ืœื•ืœื™ื ื‘ืžื—ื™ืจ ืื• ืฉื–ื” ืชื•ืกืคืช ื ืกืชืจืช?
  • ื›ืžื” ืื ืฉื™ื ื™ื”ื™ื• ืขืœ ื”ืžืฉืื™ืช ืฉืœืš?

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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