ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื”: ืชื›ื ื•ืŸ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ืฉืœ ืคืขื ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื

ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื”: ืชื›ื ื•ืŸ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ืฉืœ ืคืขื ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื

ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื” ืžืœื›ื•ืชื™ืช, ืžืจื•ื—ืงืช ื”ื•ื ื‘ืืžืช ื”ืžืกืข ืฉืœ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื. ืงืจื—ื•ื ื™ื ืžืขื™ื™ืคื™ื, ืœื•ื•ื™ื™ืชื ื™ื ืžืคืจืฆื™ื, ื—ื•ืชืžื•ืช ืฆืœื™ืœื” ืขืžื•ืงื•ืช ื•ืคื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ื ื™ื ืžืฉืชืœื‘ื™ื ื”ื ืจืง ื›ืžื” ืžืŸ ื”ืžืจืื•ืช ื”ื ืคืœืื™ื ืฉืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืฆืคื•ืช. ื‘ืงืชื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืงืจื™ื ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื™ื ืžื“ื’ื™ืฉื™ื ืืช ื”ื”ืจืคืชืงื” ื›ื™ ื”ื™ื ืœืฉืจื•ื“ ืขืœ ื–ื”, ื”ื™ื‘ืฉืช ื”ืงื™ืฆื•ื ื™ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ. ืื– ื™ืฉ ืืช intangibles: ืฉื˜ื—, ืฉืชื™ืงื”, ืจื™ื—ื•ืง ื• distatic vistas.

ื—ื•ื•ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื•ืช

ื—ืงื•ืจ ืฉื˜ื—ื™ื ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื™ื ืขืœ ื”ื—ื•ืฃ, ืื• ืฉื™ื•ื˜ ืžืคืจืฆื•ื ื™ื ื—ื•ื ืงื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื’ืœื’ืœ ื”ืžื–ืœื•ืช. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืกื•ืคืจ ื‘ื›ื•ืฉืจ Ultra-adventurous, ื›ืžื” ื”ืคืœื’ื•ืช ื’ื ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ืงื™ืืงื™ื, ืฆืœื™ืœื”, ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื, ืžืกื•ืงื™ื ืจื•ื›ื‘ ืื• ืงืžืคื™ื ื’.

ืฉืขื•ื ื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจ ืžืจื”ื™ื‘ื•ืช: ืื•ื›ืžื ื™ื•ืช ื ืกื™ืขื” ืชืจืžื™ืœื™ื, ื—ื•ืชืžื•ืช ืžืชื ืคื—ื™ื ืขืœ ื“ืจื•ื ื’'ื•ืจื’'ื™ื” ื—ื•ืคื™ื ื•ืขื•ืคื•ืช ื™ืžื™ื™ื ืื• ืคื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ื ื™ื ืžืฉื•ื˜ื˜ื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืืœืคื™ื.

ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืฆืจื™ืคื™ื ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื™ื, ื•ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ืฆื“ ื”ื™ื ื”ืจื•ืกื™ ืฉืœ ื”ื™ื‘ืฉืช, ืฉื ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื‘ืงืชื•ืชื™ื”ื ืฉืœ ืฉืืงืœื˜ื•ืŸ ื•ืฉืœ ืจื•ืก. ืขืœ ืคื ื™ื ืกื•ืœื”, ื‘ืงืจ ืชื—ื ื•ืช ืžื—ืงืจ ื•ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ื ื™ื ืžื•ื–ืจื™ื ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื”, ื›ืžื• ื–ื• ืฉืœ ืคื•ืจื˜ ืœื•ืงืจื•ื™.

ื›ืจื•ื ื™ืงื” ื”ื”ืจืคืชืงื” ืฉืœืš. ืฆื™ืœื•ื ืชืฆื•ืจื•ืช ืงืจื— ืžืคื•ืืจ ื”ืฉื˜ื—, ื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจ ื ื“ื™ืจื•ืช. ื›ืžื” ื”ืคืœื’ื•ืช ืžื›ื•ื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืœืฆื™ืœื•ื.

ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืฉื - ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ ืฉื™ื•ื˜

ื›ืžืขื˜ ื›ืœ ืžื™ ืฉืžื‘ืงืจ ื‘ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื” ื›ืชื™ื™ืจ ืžื’ื™ืข ื›ื—ืœืง ืžื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืฉื™ื˜. ื”ืคืœื’ื•ืช ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ื™ืชืจื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ืชื—ื‘ื•ืจื”, ืœื™ื ื” ื•ืืจื•ื—ื•ืช ื›ืœ ื›ืœื™ ืื—ื“. ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ืœื ื ื‘ื ื” ืชืฉืชื™ืช ืขืœ ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื”ืขื“ื™ื ื” ืฉืœ ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื”.

ื™ื•ืชืจ ืž 90% ืฉืœ ื”ืคืœื’ื•ืช ืœื‘ืงืจ ืืช ื—ืฆื™ ื”ืื™ ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื”, ืฉื™ื˜ ืžืื•ืฉื•ืื™ื”, ืืจื’ื ื˜ื™ื ื” ืžืขื‘ืจ ืžืขื‘ืจ ื“ืจื™ื™ืง. ื”ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ื ืงืฆืจื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ื™ืฉืจ ืœื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ื—ืฆื™ ื”ืื™ ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื“ืจืš ืื™ื™ ืฉื˜ืœื ื“ ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ื™ื. ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ืืจื•ื›ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ื’ื ืœืงื—ืช ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ื’'ื•ืจื’'ื™ื”, ืื™ื™ ืคื•ืงืœื ื“ / ืื™ืกืœืืก ืžืืœื•ื•ื™ื ืืก ืื• ืื™ื™ ื“ืจื•ื ืื•ืจืงื ื™. ื”ื”ืคืœื’ื•ืช ื”ืžืขื˜ื•ืช ื”ื™ื•ืฆืื•ืช ืžื ืžืœื™ ืื•ืกื˜ืจืœื™ื” ืื• ื ื™ื• ื–ื™ืœื ื“ ื—ืงืจื• ืืช ืฆื“ ื”ื™ื ื”ืจื•ืกื™ ืฉืœ ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื”. ื‘ื“ื•ืง ืืช ื”ืžื•ืจืฉืช Expeditions (www.heritage-expeditions.com).

ืฉื™ื™ื˜ ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ื‘ US $ 4500 ืขื‘ื•ืจ 10 ื™ืžื™ ื”ืคืœื’ื•ืช (ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื”ื”ื•ืฆืื•ืช ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ื™ืžื™ื ืฉื™ื˜ ื‘ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื” ื”ืื™ื™ื ื•ืืช ื—ืฆื™ ื”ืื™) ื‘ ืžืจื•ื‘ืข ื”ืชืืžื•ืช ืขื ื—ื“ืจื™ ืืžื‘ื˜ื™ื” ืžืฉื•ืชืคื™ื. ืžืกืขื•ืช ืฉืœ 20 ื™ืžื™ื (ืื™ื™ ืคื•ืงืœื ื“, ื“ืจื•ื ื’ื™ืื•ืจื’ื™ื”, ืชืช ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื” ืื™ื™ ืคื ื™ื ืกื•ืœื”) ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ื‘ 12,750 $, ืขื ื‘ืงืชื•ืช ืกื•ืฃ ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื”ื•ืœืš ืขืœ 16,000 $ ื•ืžืขืœื”.

ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืœืขื›ืฉื™ื•, ื›ืœ ืžืคืขื™ืœื™ ื”ืฉื™ื•ื˜ ื”ื ื—ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ื’ื•ื“ ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœ ืžืคืขื™ืœื™ ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืช ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื” (IAATO, www.iaato.org), ืืฉืจ ืžืงื“ื ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื” ืื—ืจืื™ ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”. ื”ืืชืจ ืฉืœื”ื ื”ื•ื ืืจื•ื– ืขื ืžื™ื“ืข ื›ื•ืœืœ ืžืกื“ ื ืชื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžืคืขื™ืœื™ื ืžื•ืžืœืฅ - ืžืงื•ื ื ื”ื“ืจ ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืœื’ืœื•ืฉ ืœืฉื™ื˜ ื”ืžืชืื™ื ืœืš.

ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื ืกื™ืขื” ื—ืœื•ืคื™ื•ืช

ืฆื™ืจื•ืคื™ ืฉื™ื™ื˜: Overfly ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืžืขื‘ืจ ื“ืจื™ื™ืง ืกื•ืขืจื™ื ื•ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ ืฉื™ื•ื˜. ื”ืชืขืจื™ืคื™ื ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืช 10,000 ื“ื•ืœืจ. ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื” XXI (www.antarcticaxxi.com) ื˜ืก ืž Punta Arenas, ืฆ 'ื™ืœื” ืœืชื—ื ืช ืคืจื™ื™ ืขืœ ื”ืื™ ื”ืžืœืš ื’' ื•ืจื’ 'ื•ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ ื”ืคืœื’ื•ืช ื”ืื™ื™ื ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืฉื˜ืœื ื“ ื•ื—ืฆื™ ื”ืื™. ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ืงืจื•ื–, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ Mountain Travel-Sobek (www.mtsobek.com), ืžืฆื™ืขื•ืช ื’ื ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ื™ื ืœื˜ื•ืก.

ื˜ื™ืกื•ืช ืืœ ืคื ื™ื & ื”ืจืคืชืงืื•ืช ืžื•ื“ืจืš: ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ ื”ืจืคืชืงืื•ืช ื™ื•ืงืจืชื™ื™ื ื›ื•ืœืœื™ื ื›ืœ ื“ื‘ืจ ืžื”ื˜ื™ืกื” (42,950 ื“ื•ืœืจ) ืื• ืกืงื™ (US $ 63,950) ืœืงื•ื˜ื‘ ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื˜ืคืก ืขืœ ื•ื™ื ืกื•ืŸ ืžืกื™ืฃ (38,000 ื“ื•ืœืจ ืืจื”"ื‘). ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื” ืœื•ื’ื™ืกื˜ื™ืงื” & ืžืฉืœื—ื•ืช (www.antarctic-logistics.com) ืžืคืขื™ืœื” ืกื™ื•ืจื™ื ื“ืจืš ื”ื ื›ื‘ื“ ื”ืจืคืชืงื” ืจืฉืช ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ืช (www.adventure-network.com). ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ื”ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืช (www.antarctic-company.info) ื•ืžื“ื‘ืจ ืœื‘ืŸ (www.white-desert.com) ื™ืฉ ืžื—ื ื•ืช ื‘ืกื™ืก ืœื™ื“ ืชื—ื ืช Novolazarevskaya ืฉืœ ืจื•ืกื™ื” ื‘ืžื–ืจื— ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื”, ื ื’ื™ืฉ ืžืงื™ื™ืคื˜ืื•ืŸ.

ื˜ื™ืกื•ืช ืœืื™ ื”ืžืœืš: Aerovías DAP (www.dapantartica.cl) ื˜ืก ืžืคื•ื ื˜ื” ืืจื ืก, ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืœืชื—ื ืช ืคืจื™ื™ ื‘ืงื™ืฅ. ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจื™ ื™ื•ื ืขื•ืœื™ื 3960 ื“ื•ืœืจ ืืจื”"ื‘, ื•ืžื‘ืงืจ ื‘ืŸ-ืœื™ืœื” ืœ -4960 ื“ื•ืœืจ ืืจื”"ื‘.

ื’ืœื™ื: Qantas ื• Croydon Travel (www.antarcticaflights.com.au) ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ืืช ื”ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช (13 ืฉืขื•ืช) ื• ืœืคื—ื•ืช ื™ืงืจ (A $ 999 ืœ A $ 2599) ื“ืจืš ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ื™ื‘ืฉืช, ืขืœ ื ืกื™ืขื” 10,000 ืง"ืž ื”ืœื•ืš ื•ืฉื•ื‘ ืžืื•ืกื˜ืจืœื™ื” ืขืœ ื‘ื•ืื™ื ื’ 747. ืขื ื–ืืช , ืœื ื ื—ื™ืชื•ืช.

ื”ืคืœื’ื•ืช ื™ืื›ื˜ื•ืช: ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื” ืขืœ ืกื™ืจืช ืžืคืจืฉ ืคืจื˜ื™ืช, ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืžืื•ืฉื•ืื™ื” ื‘ืืจื’ื ื˜ื™ื ื” ืื• ืกื˜ื ืœื™ ื‘ืื™ื™ ืคื•ืงืœื ื“. ื”ืชื™ื™ืขืฅ ืขื ืžืกื“ ื”ื ืชื•ื ื™ื ื”ืžืงื•ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ IAATO ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื›ืœื™ื ื‘ื•ื“ื“ื™ื, ืื• ื”ืชื—ืœ ืขื ืกื•ื›ื ื•ืช ื™ืื›ื˜ื•ืช ื›ืžื• Club Croisiere Pen Duick (www.club-croisiere.com) ืื• Ocean Voyages (www.oceanvoyages.com).

ื›ืœื™ ืžื™ื—ื–ื•ืจ: ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ืžื•ืจืฉื™ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืขืœ ื”ืกืคื™ื ื” ื”ืกืคื™ื ื” ืžืจื™ื•ืŸ Dufresne ื”ืฉื ื™ ืืฉืจ ืžืคืจืฉ ืž Réunion ืœืฆืจืคืช ืฉืœ ืชืช ืื™ื™ ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื”. ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื”ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืžืกืข ืฉืœ ื—ื•ื“ืฉ (ืž -8030 ื™ื•ืจื•) ืขื ืกื•ื›ื ื•ืช ื”ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ืฉืœ ืคืจื™ (Mer et Voyages) (www.mer-et-voyages.com).

ืžืชื™ ืœืœื›ืช

ืขื•ื ืช ื”ืกื™ื•ืจ ืคื•ืขืœืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ื ื•ื‘ืžื‘ืจ ืœืžืจืฅ, ืขื ื›ืœ ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ื”ืžืฆื™ืข ืžื“ื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“. ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ื ื•ื‘ืžื‘ืจ ืืช ื”ืงืคื™ืฅ ื‘ืื‘ื™ื‘ ื”ืงืจื— ื ืฉื‘ืจ ืœืžืขืœื” ืคื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ื ื™ื ื• ืขื•ืคื•ืช ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื”ืžืฉืคื˜ ื• ืœื”ื–ื“ื•ื•ื’. ื’ื•ื‘ื” ื”ืงื™ืฅ ื”ืื•ืกื˜ืจืœื™ (ื“ืฆืžื‘ืจ ื•ื™ื ื•ืืจ) ืžื‘ื™ื ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ (ื™ื—ืกื™ืช!) ื•ืขื“ 20 ืฉืขื•ืช ืฉืœ ืื•ืจ ืฉืžืฉ ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ืžื™, ืคืœื•ืก ืคื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ื ื™ื ืžืื›ื™ืœื™ื ืืช ืืคืจื•ื ื. ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ืคื‘ืจื•ืืจ ื•ืืจืฅ ืคื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ืŸ ืืคืจื•ื—ื™ื ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืœื˜ืจื•ืฃ ื•ืœืฆืคื•ืช ืœื•ื•ื™ื™ืชืŸ ื”ื•ื ื‘ืžื™ื˜ื‘ื•.

ื‘ึผึฐืจึดื™ืื•ึผืช

ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื” ื”ื™ื ืžื—ืœื” ืœืœื ืชืฉืœื•ื, ืืš ื”ืžืฉืื‘ื™ื ื”ืจืคื•ืื™ื™ื ืžื•ื’ื‘ืœื™ื. ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืกืคื™ื ื•ืช ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื ืžื—ืงืจ ื™ืฉ ื—ื•ืœื™ื, ื”ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื™ืฉ ืจืง ืจื•ืคื ืื—ื“ ืื• ืื—ื•ืช, ืื™ืŸ ื‘ืชื™ ืžืจืงื—ืช ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจื™ื™ื, ื•ืฆื™ื•ื“ ืžื•ื’ื‘ืœ. ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืจืคื•ืื™ื•ืช ื—ืžื•ืจื•ืช ื“ื•ืจืฉื•ืช ืคื™ื ื•ื™ ืœืžื“ื™ื ื” ืขื ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืจืคื•ืื™ ืžืชืงื“ื. ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื”ื›ื ื•ืช ื”ื“ืจื•ืฉื•ืช ืœืคื ื™ ื”ื™ืฆื™ืื” (ื›ืžื• ืžื™ืœื•ื™ ืžืจืฉืžื™ื). ืื ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ืฉืœืš ืจืขื•ืข, ืœืฉืงื•ืœ ืœื“ื—ื•ืช.

ืœืžืขืœื” ืขืฆื•ืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื”ื–ืžื ื”

  • ืกืคืจ ืžื•ืงื“ื - ื™ื ื•ืืจ ืขื“ ืžืื™ ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืขื•ื ื” ืืชื” ืžืชื›ื ืŸ ืœืœื›ืช ืขืœ ื”ื ื—ื•ืช ื”ื ื—ื” ืžื•ืงื“ืžืช (ื›ืžื” ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื›ื›ืœ 25%) ื•ืืช ื”ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื“ืจื’ืฉื™ื.
  • ืกืคืจ ื”ืกืคื™ื ื” ื›ื™ ื”ื•ื ื‘ื’ื•ื“ืœ ื”ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืชื•ื›ื ื™ื•ืช ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ืฉืœืš. ืืœื” ืžืชื—ืช ืœ 200 ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ื–ื›ื•ืช ืœื ื—ื•ืช ื‘ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช, ืื‘ืœ ืืœื” ืžืขืœ 500 ืื™ื ื ืžื•ืจืฉื™ื ืœื ื—ื•ืช ื‘ื›ืœืœ.
  • ื”ืชื ื•ืขื” ื”ื’ื•ืจืžืช ืœืžื—ืœืช ื™ื ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ื”ืกื™ืคื•ืŸ ื”ืขืœื™ื•ืŸ; ืœืฉืงื•ืœ ื‘ืชื ื‘ืจืžื” ื ืžื•ื›ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ (ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื–ื•ืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ).
  • ื‘ื“ื•ืง ืืช ืžื“ื™ื ื™ื•ืช ื”ื”ื—ื–ืจื™ื ื‘ืงืคื™ื“ื” ืื• ื‘ื—ืจ ื‘ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ืื ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืฉื ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืชื•ื›ื ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœืš.

ืงื‘ืœ ื”ืฉืจืื” ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืืชื” ื”ื•ืœืš: ืกืคืจื™ื & ืกืจื˜

ืงืจื™ืื” ืงืฆืช ืขืœ ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื” ื•ืฆืคื™ื™ื” ื›ืžื” ืชื ื•ืขื•ืช ืžืขื•ืจืจื•ืช ื”ืฉืจืื” ื™ื‘ื™ื ืื•ืชืš ืžืชืจื’ืฉ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ื”ืงืจื•ื‘ื” ืฉืœืš, ื•ืœืชื’ืžืœ ืื•ืชืš ืขื ื”ื‘ื ื” ืžืขืžื™ืงื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ื”ืžืกืข ืฉืœืš. ื‘ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜, ืœืขื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ ืจื•ื™ืืœ ื’ื™ืื•ื’ืจืคื™ ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” (http://images.rgs.org) ื• ื”ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื™ ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื” ืกืงืจ ืืจื›ื™ื•ืŸ ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช (www.photo.antarctica.ac.uk).

ืกืคืจื™ื ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื™ื

  • ืกื™ื‘ื•ืœืช: ืžืกืข ืžื“ื”ื™ื ืฉืœ ืฉืงืœื˜ื•ืŸ (ืืœืคืจื“ ืœื ืกื™ื ื’) ืขืžื•ื“-ื˜ืจื ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืžืกืข ืฉืœ ืฉืงืœื˜ื•ืŸ ื•ื”ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉ ืื—ืจ ื”ื™ืฉืจื“ื•ืช.
  • ื”ืžืกืข ื”ื’ืจื•ืข ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื (Apsley Cherry-Garrard) ืื™ืฉ ืืžืฆืข ื”ื—ื•ืจืฃ ื’ื•ืจืจ ืœืงื™ื™ืค ืงืจื•ื–ื™ืืจ.
  • ืงื™ืฅ ืคืจืื™ / (ืžืจื“ื™ืช ื”ื•ืคืจ) ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ ื”ืืงืœื™ื ืžืฉืคื™ืขื™ื ืขืœ ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื” ื•ืขืœ ื”ืคื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ื ื™ื ืฉืœื”.
  • ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื” ืชืฆืœื•ืžื™ื, 1910-1916: ืกืงื•ื˜, ืžืื•ืกื•ืŸ ื•ืฉืงืœื˜ื•ืŸ ืžืฉืœื—ื•ืช (ื”ืจื‘ืจื˜ ืคื•ื ื˜ื™ื ื’ ื•ืคืจื ืง ื”ืืจืœื™).

ืกืจื˜ื™ื ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื™ื

  • ื›ื•ื›ื‘ ืงืคื•ื (BBC, 2012)
  • ื“ึธืจื•ึนื (ืฉื•ื—ื–ืจ 1998, ื‘ื‘ื™ืžื•ื™ื• ืฉืœ ืคืจื ืง ื”ืืจืœื™)
  • La Marche de l'Empereur (ืžืจืฅ ืฉืœ ื”ืคื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ื ื™ื, 2005)

ืขื ืงืฆืช ืžื—ืงืจ ื•ื”ื›ื ื”, ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ื”ืจืคืชืงื” ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื” ื›ื™ ื”ื•ื ืœื ืจืง ื‘ืœืชื™ ื ืฉื›ื— ืคื ื˜ืกื˜ื™, ืื‘ืœ ื‘ื˜ื•ื—, ื—ื™ื ื•ื›ื™ ื•ื ื•ื— ื™ื—ืกื™ืช ื’ื ื›ืŸ.

ืœืงื‘ืœืช ืžื™ื“ืข ืžืœื ืขืœ ืื™ืš ื”ืกืคืจ, ืื™ืœื• ืฉืืœื•ืช ืœืฉืื•ืœ ืžืคืขื™ืœื™ ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืช, ื•ืžื” ืœื”ื‘ื™ื, ืœื”ืชื™ื™ืขืฅ Lonely Planet ืฉืœ ืกื•ืคื™ ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื” ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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