ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœ: ืฆื™ื•ื“ ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžื—ื ืื•ืช ื•ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื

ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœ: ืฆื™ื•ื“ ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžื—ื ืื•ืช ื•ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื

ืงืžืคื™ื ื’ ื•ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ืœืขื™ืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื”ื•ืœื›ื™ื ื™ื“ ื‘ื™ื“. ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืชืงืจื‘ ืœื˜ื‘ืข, ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื›ื•ืฉืจ ื•ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื‘ืžืงื•ื, ืขื ื‘ื•ื ื•ืก ื ื•ืกืฃ ืฉืœ ื—ื™ืกื›ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื›ืžื” ื“ื•ืœืจ ืขืœ ื ืกื™ืขื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื ื”ื ื” ื–ื•ืœ (ืื• ืœืœื ืชืฉืœื•ื) ืืชืจื™ ืงืžืคื™ื ื’ ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืื›ืกื ื™ื•ืช ื•ืžื•ื˜ืœื™ื.

ืœื ืžืฉื ื” ืžื” ื”ืกื™ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœืš ืœื”ื›ื•ืช ืืช ื‘ื—ื•ืฅ ื ื”ื“ืจ, ื”ื ื” ื›ืžื” ื”ื™ืœื•ืš ื”ืžืœืฆื•ืช ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ืœืืจื•ื– ืืช ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื”ื‘ื.

ื‘ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื”ื—ื ื™ื›ื™ื

  • ืื•ื”ืœื™ื: ืืœื” ื‘ืื™ื ื‘ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืขืฆื•ื ืฉืœ ืฆื•ืจื•ืช, ื’ื“ืœื™ื ื•ืžื—ื™ืจื™ื. ืื ืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื ืกื•ืข ืื•ืจ ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื˜ืจื— ืœืงื—ืช ื•ืœื”ืจื•ืก ืื•ื”ืœ, ืฉืงื•ืœ ืฉืง / bedroll / bivi ืฉืง. ื–ื” ืงื•ืžืคืงื˜ื™, ืžืกื’ืจืช, ื’ืœื™ืœ ื‘ื“ ืขืžื™ื“ ืœืžื™ื ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ื’ื“ื™ืจ ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช. ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื ื”ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ืฉื˜ื— ื’ 'ื•ื ื’ืœ ืจื˜ื•ื‘ ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืœืงื—ืช ืœืื•ืจืš ืขืจืกืœ ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ืขืžื™ื“ ืœืžื™ื. ืืœื” ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉื™ื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืื•ืชืš ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœืงืจืงืข, ื•ืืœื• ืขื ืจืฉืชื•ืช ื™ืชื•ืฉ ื”ื ืžืชื ื” ืžืฉืžื™ื.
  • ืฉืง ืฉื™ื ื”: ืœืืจื•ื– ืืช ื”ืื“ื ื”ื ื›ื•ืŸ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืชืื™ื ืืช ื”ืืงืœื™ื ืฉืœืš. ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื›ืœืœื™, ื›ื›ืœ ืฉืืชื” ืžืฉืœื ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืืช ืงื•ืžืคืงื˜ื™ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ืืช ื”ืชื™ืง ืžืงื‘ืœ. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืœื ืœืฉื›ื•ื— ืœืงื—ืช ืœืื•ืจืš ืžื—ืฆืœืช ืฉื™ื ื” (Bear Grylls ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืœื”ืžืœื™ืฅ โ€‹โ€‹ืขืœื™ื”ื). ื–ื” ืœื ืจืง ืขื•ืฉื” ืืช ื”ืฉื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš ื™ื•ืชืจ ื ื•ื— ืื‘ืœ ื’ื ืžืขืฉื™ื ื›ืžื• ื‘ื™ื“ื•ื“ ื ื’ื“ ื”ืงื•ืจ ืžืŸ ื”ืงืจืงืข.
  • ืึฒืจึดื™ื–ึธื”: ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื”ื‘ื’ื“ื™ื ืฉืœืš ื™ื‘ืฉ (ื•ื”ื›ื™ ื—ืฉื•ื‘, ื”ื’ืจื‘ื™ื™ื ืฉืœืš ืชื—ืชื•ื ื™ื) - ืœื–ืจื•ืง ืืช ื”ืฆื™ื•ื“ ืœืชื•ืš ืฉืงื™ื•ืช ื™ื‘ืฉื•ืช ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืืœื” ืฉื ืขืฉื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืื•ืจื˜ืœื™ื‘ (ortlieb.com). ืงื— ืชืจืžื™ืœ ื™ื•ื ื ื•ื— ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ื•ืœื overpack ... ืื– ืœืขื–ื•ื‘ ืืช ื–ื” frisbee ื‘ื‘ื™ืช.
  • ื”ึทืœื‘ึผึธืฉืึธื”: ืœืงื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืจืฉื•ืช ืœืขืฆืžืš. ืื•ืจ, ืžื›ื ืกื™ื™ื ื™ื‘ืฉ ืžื”ื™ืจ / ืžื›ื ืกื™ื™ื ืงืฆืจื™ื ืขื ื‘ื“ ืœื ืฉื™ืžื” ื›ื’ื•ืŸ Goretex ื ื”ื“ืจื•ืช. ืžืขื™ืœ ืจื•ื— / ื’ืฉื ืื• ืคื’ื– ื”ื•ื ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉื™ ืœื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื‘ืžื–ื’ ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ืกื•ืขืจ. ืงื— ื™ื—ื“ ืžื’ื‘ืช microfibre ื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ื•ื ืงื•ืžืคืงื˜ื™, ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืกืคื•ื’ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืœื—ื•ืช ืžืชื™ื™ื‘ืฉ ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช.
  • ืงืคื”: ืžื™ ืื•ืžืจ ืฉืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื•ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ืงืคืื™ืŸ ืฉืœืš ืžื›ื” ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ื‘ื—ื•ืฅ ื‘ื˜ื‘ืข? ืงื— ื™ื—ื“ ื›ื•ืก ืžื‘ื•ื“ื“ื™ื Mugmate MSR (cascadedesigns.com/MSR). ื–ื” ืžืกื ืŸ ื ื™ื™ื“ ืงืœ ืœื ื™ืงื•ื™ ื™ื•ืฉื‘ ื‘ื›ื•ืก. ืจืง ืœื”ื•ืกื™ืฃ ืงืคื”, ืžื™ื ื—ืžื™ื, ืชืœื•ืœ, ืœื”ืกื™ืจ, ืœืฉืชื•ืช ืืช ื”ืงืคื” ืฉืœืš ืฉื˜ื—ื™ื dump. ืงืคื” snobs ืืžื™ืชื™, ื›ืžื•ื‘ืŸ, ืœืงื—ืช ื™ื—ื“ ืฉืขื•ืขื™ืช ื˜ืจื™ ืงืœื•ื™ื™ื ื˜ื—ื™ื ื” ื™ื“ ื ื™ื™ื“ ื›ืžื• ื–ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ Hario (hariogear.com.au).
  • ื‘ื™ืฉื•ืœ ื•ืฉืชื™ื™ื”: ื™ืฉ ืชื ื•ืจื™ ื”ืžื—ื ื” aplenty ืื‘ืœ ื™ืฉ ื›ื‘ืจ ื›ืžื” ื‘ืื– ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืขืฉืŸ ื ืžื•ืš ื•ื™ืขื™ืœ ืžืื•ื“ Woodgas ืžื—ื ื” ืชื ื•ืจ (ื‘ื™ื™ืกื•ืŸ /). ืงื‘ืœ ืžืงืจืื™ ื•ืœื”ืขื‘ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ื™ื™ืŸ ืฉืœืš ืœืชื•ืš ื™ื™ื ื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ื ื•ืฉืืช ื›ื‘ื“ื™ื ื‘ืงื‘ื•ืงื™ ืฉื‘ื™ืจื”.
  • ื˜ื™ื”ื•ืจ ืžื™ื: ืื ืืชื” ืœื ืžืชื›ื•ื•ืŸ ืœื’ืจื•ืจ ืœื™ื˜ืจ ืฉืœ H2O ื•ื™ืฉ ืœื”ื ื’ื™ืฉื” ืœื–ืจื ืื• ื—ื•ืจ ืžื™ื, ืœืืจื•ื– ื›ืžื” ื˜ื‘ืœื™ื•ืช ืžื˜ื”ืจ. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžื™ื•ืŸ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื’ืื“ื’ 'ื˜, ืœื ืกื•ืช ืืช ื”ืกื˜ืจื™ืคืŸ (steripen.com/travel) ืื• MSR Miniworks MS Microfilter (cascadedesigns.com/msr/water-treatment-and-hydration). ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ zaps ื—ื™ื™ื“ืงื™ื ืขื UV ื•ืืช ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื” ื™ืฉ ืžืกื ื ื™ื ืœื ืงื•ืช ืืช ื”ืžื™ื.
  • ืžื˜ืขืŸ ืกื•ืœืจื™: ืืœ ืชื—ืžื™ืฆื• ืขื•ื“ ื“ื•ื"ืœ ืื• ืคื•ืกื˜ ืคื•ืกื˜ ื•ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ื”ื’ืื“ื’'ื˜ื™ื ืฉืœืš ืžื•ืคืขืœ ื‘ืขื–ืจืช ืžื˜ืขืŸ ืกื•ืœืืจื™ ื ื™ื™ื“ ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืืœื” ืฉื ืขืฉื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ Joos (ื”ืฉืžืฉ). ืื‘ืœ ืœืฉื ืฉื™ื ื•ื™, ืœืžื” ืœื ืœืฉืงื•ืœ ืœื”ืคื™ืœ ืืช ื”ืจืฉืช ืœื’ืžืจื™?
  • ืกืืœื‘ืก, ืงืจืžื™ื ื•ืื‘ืงื”: ืื ื• ืžื•ื“ื™ื ื‘ื‘ื™ื™ืฉื ื•ืช ื›ื™ ืฉื›ื—ื ื• ืœืงื—ืช ื“ื•ื—ื” ื—ืจืงื™ื ื• sunscreen ื•ืกื™ื•ื ื’ื™ืจื•ื“ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ื’ืœืœ ืขื•ืจ ืฉื–ื•ืฃ, ื™ืชื•ืฉ ื ืฉืš ื”ืขื•ืจ. ืœื ื ืขื™ื. ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื˜ืจื•ืคื™ื™ื, ืื ื• ืžืžืœื™ืฆื™ื ืœืงื—ืช ื™ื—ื“ ืื‘ืงืช ื—ื•ื ื“ื•ืงืจื ื™. ื–ื” ืื‘ืงืช ื”ืงื™ืจื•ืจ ืžืกืคืง ื”ืงืœื” ื–ื™ืขื” ืคืจื™ื—ื” ื”ื—ื•ื. ื›ืืฉืจ dosed ืขืœ ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœืš ื‘ืœื™ืœื”, ื–ื” ื’ื ืขื•ื–ืจ ืœืชืช ืœืš ืžืกืคื™ืง ื”ืงืœื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืจื“ื™ื ืื•ืชืš ืœื™ืฉื•ืŸ.
  • ืขืจื›ืช ืขื–ืจื” ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ืช: ืœื”ืจื›ื™ื‘ ืขืจื›ืช ื”ื›ื•ืœืœืช ื—ื‘ื™ืœืช ื“ื—ื™ืกื” ืงืจื”, ืชื—ื‘ื•ืฉื•ืช, ืžื’ื‘ื•ื ื™ื ืกื˜ืจื™ืœื™ื™ื, ื”ื”ืœื‘ืฉื”, ืกืจื˜ ื“ื‘ื™ืง, ืงืจื ื—ื™ื˜ื•ื™ / ืœืฉื˜ื•ืฃ, ื˜ื™ื— ืžืฉื›ื›ื™ ื›ืื‘ื™ื. ืืœ ืชืฉื›ื— ืœืงื‘ืœ ืงื•ืจืก ืœืงืจื•ืก ืขืœ CPR ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ ื’ื ื›ืŸ.

ืœืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื

ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืืชื ื™ื•ืฆืื™ื ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื–ื”, ืืœ ืชืฉื›ื—ื• ืœืกืคืจ ืืช ื”ืจื™ื™ื ื’'ืจ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™, ื›ืžื• ื’ื ื‘ืŸ ืžืฉืคื—ื” ืื• ื—ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืชื•ื›ื ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœืš.

  • ืฆืคืจื•ืช / ืฆื•ืคื” ื‘ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื: ืœื ืœืฉื›ื•ื— ืžืฉืงืคืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื”. ืื ื™ืฉ ืœืš ื›ืกืฃ ื ื•ืกืฃ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืชื™ื–, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืืคื™ืœื• ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืžืฉืงืคืช ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ืช ืขื ื”ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืœื”ืงืœื™ื˜ ืืช ืžื” ืฉืืชื” ืจื•ืื”. ืกื•ื ื™ DEV ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ ืžืฉืงืคืช ื”ืงืœื˜ื” (store.sony.com) ืœื”ืงืœื™ื˜ ื•ื™ื“ืื• ื‘ืจื–ื•ืœื•ืฆื™ื” HD ืžืœื, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืงื‘ืœ ื”ื•ื›ื—ื” ืœื’ื‘ื•ืช ืœื”ืชืคืืจ ืฉืœืš ืฉื™ืฉ ื”ืชื•ืคื™ื ืžืœื•ื—ื™ื ืžื ื•ืงื“ ืœืžื˜ื” ืœืžื˜ื”.
  • ื—ื‘ื™ืœืช ื”ื™ื“ืจืฆื™ื”: ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืฉืืช ืžื™ื ื‘ื‘ืงื‘ื•ืง ืื• ื™ื™ื ื•ืช. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืื ืืชื” ืื•ื”ื‘ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื”ื™ื“ื™ื™ื ืฉืœืš ืœืœื ืชืฉืœื•ื ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ื”ืœื™ื›ื”, ื—ื‘ื™ืœืช ื”ื™ื“ืจืฆื™ื” ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืืœื” ืฉื ืขืฉื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ Camelbak (camelbak.com) ืžื•ืฉืœื. ื–ื” ื‘ืขืฆื ืฆื™ื ื•ืจ ืžื•ืฉื—ืœ ืœืชื•ืš ืฉืง ื”ืžื™ื ื›ื™ ื”ื•ื ืชืงื•ืข ืชืจืžื™ืœ ... ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉืื ื—ื ื• ืœื ืžืžืœื™ืฆื™ื ืœืฉืชื•ืช ืžื”ื—ืคื™ืกื” ืชื•ืš ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืฉืชื™ ื”ื™ื“ื™ื™ื ืœื˜ืคืก ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืกืœืขื™ื.
  • ื’'ื™.ืคื™. ืืก: ื›ืŸ, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘- iPhone ืื• ื‘ืกืžืืจื˜ืคื•ืŸ ื›ืžื• GPS (ื‘ื”ื ื—ื” ืฉืืชื” ืœืจื›ื•ืฉ ืชื•ื›ื ื” ื ื›ื•ื ื” ื•ืœื ืœื”ืกืชืžืš ืขืœ ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืžืคื” ืžื•ื‘ื ื” ืืฉืจ ืœื ื™ืขื‘ื•ื“ ืื ืชืื‘ื“ ืงื™ืฉื•ืจื™ื•ืช ื”ื˜ืœืคื•ืŸ ื”ื ื™ื™ื“). ืขื ื–ืืช, ืืคืœื™ืงืฆื™ื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื˜ืœืคื•ื ื™ื ื—ื›ืžื™ื ืื™ื ืŸ ื‘ื ื•ื™ื•ืช ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ืจื’ืœื™ื™ื, ื•ื™ืฉ ืœื”ืŸ ื—ื™ื™ ืกื•ืœืœื” ื ืžื•ื›ื™ื. ืฉืงื•ืœ ื™ื™ืขื•ื“ื™ GPS ื›ืฃ ื™ื“ ื™ื—ื™ื“ื” ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืืœื” ืฉืœ Garmin (garmin.com) ืื• ืžื’ืœืŸ (magellangps.com). ื™ื—ื™ื“ื•ืช ืืœื” ื™ืฉ ืžืคื•ืช ื˜ื•ืคื•ื’ืจืคื™ื•ืช ืžืคื•ืจื˜ ื•ื”ื ืกืœืขื™ ืžืกืคื™ืง ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืจื•ื“ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื™ืจื“. ื–ื” ื’ื ืžื›ืคื™ืœ ื›ืžื• ืžืฆืคืŸ.
  • ืขืฆื•ืจ ืขืœื•ืงื•ืช: ืื ืืชื” ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœ ืœืชื•ืš ื”ืฉื˜ื— ืขืœื•ืงื”, ืœืงื—ืช ื›ืžื” ืืžืฆืขื™ ื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช. ืืžื ื ืื™ืŸ ืฉื™ื˜ื” ื”ื•ื›ื—ื” ื”ื•ื›ื—ื” ื ื’ื“ ืืœื” ืžื•ืฆืฆื™ ื“ื, ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื ื”ื™ื• ื”ืฆืœื—ื” ืขื ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื•ืฆื™ื•ื“ ื›ื•ืœืœ ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื—ื–ืง ื“ื•ื—ื” ื—ืจืงื™ื ืื• ืฉืžืŸ ืืงืœื™ืคื˜ื•ืก, ืœื•ื‘ืฉ ื”ื•ื›ื—ื” ื”ื•ื›ื—ื” ื’ืจื‘ื™ื™ื, ืžื’ืคื™ื™ื ืขืžื™ื“ ืœืžื™ื, gaiters ื”ืจื’ืœ ื ื•ืฉืืช ืžืงืœ ืžื•ื˜ื” ืขื ืžื˜ืœื™ืช ืกืคื•ื’ื” ื‘ืžืœื— (ื›ื ืจืื”, ืขืœื•ืงื•ืช ืฉื•ื ืื•ืช ืžืœื— ื›ืš ืฉืื ืืชื” ืจื•ืื” ืื—ื“, ืœื’ืขืช ื‘ื• ื‘ืขื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืขื ื”ื‘ื“).
  • ืžืงืœื•ืช ื”ืœื™ื›ื”: ืžืงืœื•ืช ื”ืœื™ื›ื”, ืžื•ื˜ื•ืช ื”ืœื™ื›ื”, ืžื” ืฉืืชื” ืงื•ืจื ืœื”ื, ื›ืžื” ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื ื ืฉื‘ืข ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืืœื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืงืฆื‘ ื˜ื•ื‘, ื›ืžื• ื’ื ืœืกืคืง ืชืžื™ื›ื” ืขืœ ืฉื˜ื— ืชืœื•ืœ. ืื ื• ืžืžืœื™ืฆื™ื ืœื”ืฉืื™ืจ ืื•ืชื ื‘ื‘ื™ืช, ืืœื ืื ื›ืŸ ืืชื” ื‘ืืžืช ืฆืจื™ืš ืื•ืชื (ืœื“ื•ื’ืžื”, ืื ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืชืžื™ื›ื” ื‘ื‘ืจืš ืจืขื”, ืืชื” ืขื•ื‘ืจ ืฉื˜ื— ืงืฉื” ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“, ื•ื›ืŸ ื”ืœืื”).
  • ืขืจื›ืช ื™ืกื•ื“ื•ืช: ืœืืจื•ื– ืขืจื›ืช ืขื–ืจื” ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื™ื, ื›ืžื” ื’ืคืจื•ืจื™ื ืื• ืžืฆื™ืช, ื•ืื•ืœื™ ื—ื‘ื™ืœื•ืช ื—ื•ื ืื ื–ื” ื”ื•ืœืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืงืจ ื‘ืœื™ืœื”. ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ืกื›ื™ืŸ ืœืคื™ื“ / ืคื ืก ื‘ืจืืฉ ืฉืœืš. ืื ืืชื” ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœ ื‘ืชื ืื™ ื—ื•ืจืคื™ ืื• ืงืจื—, ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ืงืจื— ื•ืžืขืจื›ืช ื ื•ืกืคืช ืฉืœ ื‘ื’ื“ื™ื ื™ืขื–ื•ืจ ื’ื.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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