ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ื—ื•ืจื‘ื•ืช ืขืชื™ืงื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืงืกื™ืงื•

ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ื—ื•ืจื‘ื•ืช ืขืชื™ืงื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืงืกื™ืงื•

ืชืจื‘ื•ื™ื•ืชื™ื” ื”ืขืชื™ืงื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ื”ื™ื• ื”ืžืชื•ื—ื›ืžื•ืช ื•ื”ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืฆืคื•ืŸ ืืžืจื™ืงื” ื•ื‘ืžืจื›ื–ื”, ื•ื—ื•ืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ืขืจื™ื ื•ื”ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื”ืงื“ื•ืฉื™ื ืฉืœื”ืŸ ื”ืŸ ื’ื•ืœืช ื”ื›ื•ืชืจืช ื”ื‘ืœืชื™ ื ืฉื›ื—ืช ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ื ืกื™ืขื” ืฉื. ืขืœ ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื“ืขืช ืขืœ ื—ื•ืจื‘ื•ืช ืขืชื™ืงื•ืช, ื”ื ื” ืงื˜ืข ืžืชื•ืš ื”ืžื”ื“ื•ืจื” ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื” ืฉืœ Lonely Planet ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื.

ื”ืจื™ืกื•ืช ื‘ืคืืœื ืงื™ ืžืืช ื“ื ื™ืก ื’'ืจื•ื•ื™ืก. ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ Creative Commons ื™ื™ื—ื•ืก

ื”ืคื™ืจืžื™ื“ื•ืช ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื•ืช, ื”ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ื•ื”ืืจืžื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืžืขื•ื˜ืจื™ื ื‘ืขื•ืฉืจ, ื‘ืชื™ ื”ืžืฉืคื˜ ื”ืคื•ืœื—ื ื™ื™ื ื•ื”ืืชืจื™ื ื”ืžืงืจื™ืžื™ื ื”ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื™ื, ื”ืคืœื™ืื• ืื ืฉื™ื ื–ืจื™ื ืžืื– ืฉื”ืกืคืจื“ื™ื ื”ื’ื™ืขื• ืขืœ ืื“ืžืช ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ื‘ืฉื ืช 1519. ื”ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ื‘ื”ื ื”ื™ื•ื ื”ื•ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืกืข ื’ื™ืœื•ื™ื™ื ืืœ ืขื‘ืจ ื™ื•ืฆื ื“ื•ืคืŸ, ื ื™ืกื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœื ืœื”ื—ืžื™ืฅ.

ืืจื›ื™ืื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื ื›ื‘ืจ ืœื—ืฉื•ืฃ ืืชืจื™ื ืขืชื™ืงื™ื ื•ืขื•ืฉื” ืชื’ืœื™ื•ืช ืžืจื”ื™ื‘ื•ืช ื›ืืŸ ืžืื– ื”ืžืื” ื” -19. ืืชืจื™ื ืžืจืฉื™ืžื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืฉื•ืคืฆื• ื•ื”ื•ืคื›ื• ื ื’ื™ืฉื™ื ืœืžื‘ืงืจื™ื, ื•ืื—ืจื™ื ื ื—ืงืจื• ืจืง ื‘ื—ืœืงื; ืืœืคื™ื ื ื•ืชืจื• ืœืœื ืคื’ืข.

ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืขืชื™ืงื•ืช ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืงืกื™ืงื•

ื”ืื•ืœืžืงื™ื: "ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ืื" ืฉืœ ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ื”ืชืžืงื“ื” ื‘ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืžืคืจืฅ, ืžืฉื ืช 1200 ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืกืคื™ืจื” ื•ืขื“ 400 ืœืคื ื”"ืก. ื”ื™ื ืžืคื•ืจืกืžืช ื‘ื–ื›ื•ืช ืคืกืœื™ ื”ืื‘ืŸ ื”ืขื ืงื™ื™ื ื”ื™ื“ื•ืขื™ื ื›ืจืืฉื™ ืื•ืœืžืงื™ื.

Teotihuacán: ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ื–ืืช ืขื ื”ืคื™ืจืžื™ื“ื•ืช ื”ืขื ืงื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื”, 50 ืง"ืž ืžืžืงืกื™ืงื• ืกื™ื˜ื™, ืคืจื—ื• ื‘ืฉื‘ืขืช ื”ืืœืคื™ื ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ื ืœืกืคื™ืจื”, ื•ืฉืœื˜ื• ืขืœ ื”ืื™ืžืคืจื™ื•ืช ื”ืžืงืกื™ืงื ื™ื•ืช ื”ืขืชื™ืงื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ.

ืžืื™ื”: ืžืื™ื”, ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ืžื–ืจื— ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ื•ื’ื•ืื˜ืžืœื” ื”ืฉื›ื ื” ื•ื‘ืœื™ื–, ืคืจื—ื• ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืžื‘ืจื™ืงื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืžืกืคืจ ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช-ืขื™ืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ 250 ืœืกืคื™ืจื” ื•ืขื“ 900 ืœืกืคื™ืจื”. ื”ืŸ ืžืคื•ืจืกืžื•ืช ื‘ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ื™ืคื™ื ื•ื‘ืคืกืœื™ ืื‘ืŸ. ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ืžืื™ื” ื—ื™ื” ืขืœ ื”ื™ื•ื.

ืฆ'ื™ืฆ'ืŸ ืื™ืฆื” - ืกืœืกื• ืคืœื•ืจืก. ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ Creative Commons ื™ื™ื—ื•ืก

ื˜ื•ืœื˜ืง: ืฉื ืœืชืจื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืกืคืจ ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืžืจื›ื–ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืžืงืกื™ืงื•, ืžืกื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืช 750 ืœืกืคื™ืจื” ืขื“ 1150 ืœืกืคื™ืจื”. ืคืกืœื™ ื”ืœื•ื—ืžื™ื ืฉืœ ื˜ื•ืœื” ื”ื ื”ืžื•ื ื•ืžื ื˜ื™ื ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกืžื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ.

Aztec: ืขื ื‘ื™ืจืชื ื‘ Tenochtitlán (ื›ื™ื•ื ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ืกื™ื˜ื™) ืž 1325 ืœืกืคื™ืจื” 1521, ื”ืืฆื˜ืงื™ื ื”ื’ื™ืขื• ืœืฉืœื•ื˜ ื‘ืจื•ื‘ ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ื”ืžืจื›ื–ื™ืช ืžื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืžืคืจืฅ ืืœ ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก โ€‹โ€‹ื”ืฉืงื˜. ื”ืืชืจ ื”ืืฆื˜ืง ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื•ื ืจืืฉ ืขื™ืจื™ื™ืช ื˜ืžืคืœื• ื‘ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ืกื™ื˜ื™.

ืืชืจื™ื ืžืจื›ื–ื™ื™ื ื•ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ื ื™ื

ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืืชืจื™ื ื”ืคืจื”-ื”ื™ืกืคืื ื™ื™ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ืžืคื•ื–ืจื™ื ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื”ืžืจื›ื–, ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ื•ื‘ื“ืจื•ื-ืžื–ืจื— ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื”, ืฉื ื”ืชืคืชื—ื” ื”ื”ืชืืจื’ื ื•ืช ื”ืขืชื™ืงื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื”ืืชืจื™ื ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกืžื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช throonged ืขื ืžืกืคืจ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืœ ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื; ืื—ืจื™ื ืžื•ืกืชืจื™ื ืžืฉื ืขืœ ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช ืžืจื•ื—ืงื•ืช ืื• ืขื˜ื•ืคื™ื ื‘ื’'ื•ื ื’ืœ ืขื‘ื”, ื• - ืœืืœื” ืขื ืจื•ื— ื”ืจืคืชืงื ื™ - ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื”ื›ื™ ืžืจื’ืฉ ืžืชื’ืžืœ ืœื‘ืงืจ.

ื”ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื ื”ืื™ื“ื™ืืœื™ื™ื ืœื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ื‘ืืชืจื™ื ื”ืืจื›ื™ืื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื™ื ื ืžืฆืื™ื ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœืขื•ื ื” ื”ื’ืฉื•ืžื” ื•ืžืžื ืขื™ื ืืช ื”ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื•ืช ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื”ืืจื›ื™ืื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื™ื ื”ืขื™ืงืจื™ื™ื, ืžืฉืžืขื•ืช ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ื™ื:

  • ืžืจื›ื– ืžืงืกื™ืงื•: ืื•ื’ื•ืกื˜, ืื•ืงื˜ื•ื‘ืจ ืขื“ ืืคืจื™ืœ
  • ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืžืคืจืฅื ื•ื‘ืžื‘ืจ ืขื“ ืืคืจื™ืœ
  • ื—ืฆื™ ื”ืื™ ื™ื•ืงื˜ืŸ: ื ื•ื‘ืžื‘ืจ ืขื“ ืืคืจื™ืœ
  • ืฆ'ื™ืืคืก: ืื•ืงื˜ื•ื‘ืจ ืขื“ ืžืื™
  • ืื•ืงืกืืงื”: ืื•ืงื˜ื•ื‘ืจ ืขื“ ืžืจืฅ

Teenihuacán ืžืืช ืื•ื•ืŸ ืคืจื™ื•ืจ. ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ Creative Commons ื™ื™ื—ื•ืก

ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืืชืจื™ื ืคืชื•ื—ื™ื ืž 09:00 ืขื“ 17:00. ืื ื™ืฉ ืœื”ื ื™ื•ื ื”ืกื’ื™ืจื”, ื–ื” ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื™ื•ื ืฉื ื™. ื”ื–ืžืŸ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ื™ื•ื ืœืœื›ืช ื”ื•ื ื–ืžืŸ ืงืฆืจ ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืคืชื™ื—ื”, ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื•ืช ื ืžื•ื›ื•ืช ื”ืงื”ืœ ื”ืžื‘ืงืจ ื”ืขื™ืงืจื™ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื ื”ื’ื™ืข.

ื—ืžืฉืช ื”ืืชืจื™ื ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉื›ื•ืœื ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœืจืื•ืช ืื ื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื:

  • Teotihuacán
  • ืคืœื ืงื”
  • Chichén Itzá
  • ืื•ืงืกืžืœ
  • ืžื•ื ื˜ื” ืืœื‘ืืŸ

ื‘ืืชืจื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ื™ืฉ ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ื ื™ื ืžืฉืœื”ื, ืืš ื™ืฉ ื’ื ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ื ื™ื ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื•ื”ืื–ื•ืจ, ืืฉืจ ืžื—ื–ื™ืงื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืžื”ืคืจื™ื˜ื™ื ื”ื™ืกืคืื ื™ื™ื ื”ื™ืงืจื™ื ื•ื”ืžืจืฉื™ืžื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ืžืกืคืงื™ื ืจืงืข ืžืจืชืง ืขืœ ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ื”ืขืชื™ืงื”.

ืื•ืงืกืžืœ - ืื•ืœื™ื‘ื™ื” ื‘ืจื•ืฆ'ื”. ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ Creative Commons ื™ื™ื—ื•ืก

Museo Nacional de Antropología, ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ืขื™ืจ: ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ืœืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ืžืขื•ืœื” ื™ืฉ ื—ืœืงื™ื ื”ืžื•ืงื“ืฉื™ื ืœื›ืœ ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืขืชื™ืงื•ืช ื”ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื•ืช ื•ื›ื•ืœืœ ืื•ืฆืจื•ืช ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืื‘ืŸ ื”ืฉืžืฉ ื”ืืฆื˜ืงื™ืช ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกืžืช ื•ืืช ื”ืขืชืง ืฉืœ ืงื‘ืจ ืขืžื•ืก ื”ืื•ืฆืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืžืœืš Pakal ืž Palenque.

ืžื•ืกืื• ื“ื” ืื ื˜ืจื•ืคื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื”, ืงืกืืœืคื”: ื”ืžื•ืงื“ืฉ ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืœืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืžืคืจืฅ, ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ืžืฆื•ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ื–ื” ืžื›ื™ืœ ืฉื‘ืขื” ืจืืฉื™ ืื•ืœืžืงื™ื ื•ืคืกืœื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืžืืกื˜ืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื•ืกืฃ 29,000 ืฉืœื”.

Parque-Museo La Venta, ื•ื™ืœื”ืจืžื•ื–ื”: ื–ื” ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ื—ื•ืฆื•ืช- cum-Zoo ืžื—ื–ื™ืงื” ื›ืžื” ืจืืฉื™ Olympec ื•ืคืกืœื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื‘ืกื“ืจ ืžืŸ ื”ืืชืจ ืฉืœ La Venta, ืขื‘ืจื” ืœื›ืืŸ ื‘ืฉื ื•ืช ื”ื—ืžื™ืฉื™ื ื›ืืฉืจ La Venta ื”ื™ื” ืชื—ืช ืื™ื•ื ืฉืœ ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉื™ ื ืคื˜.

ืžื•ืกืื• ื“ื” ืœื” ืืจืงื™ื˜ืงื˜ื•ืจื” ืžืื™ื”, ืงืžืฆ'ื”: ืกืงื™ืจื” ืžืขื•ืœื” ืฉืœ ืืชืจื™ ืžืื™ื” ื‘ Campeche ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืกื’ื ื•ื ื•ืช ืืจื›ื™ื˜ืงื˜ื•ื ื™ื™ื ืžื’ื•ื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœื”ื.

ืžืฉืื‘ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื

ื”ืžื›ื•ืŸ ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ืœื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืื–ืจื—ื™ืช (INAH; www.inah.gob.mx): ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืงื—ืช ืกื™ื•ืจื™ื ื•ื™ืจื˜ื•ืืœื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืชืจื™ืกืจ ืืชืจื™ื ืืจื›ื™ืื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื™ื ื•ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื›ื•ืŸ ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ืœืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ื•ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืฉืœ ืžืงืกื™ืงื•, ืืฉืจ ืžื ื”ืœืช 180 zonas arqueológicas (ืืชืจื™ื ืืจื›ื™ืื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื™ื).

ืžืกื•ื‘ (www.mesoweb.com): ืžืฉืื‘ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื•ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืขืœ ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ื”ืงื“ื•ืžื”, ื•ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืขืœ ื”ืžืื™ื”.

ืคื™ืจื•ื˜ ื‘ืžื•ื ื˜ื” ืืœื‘ืืŸ ืžืืช ืื™ื™ื ืœื. ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ Creative Commons ื™ื™ื—ื•ืก

ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœืžืฆื•ื ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ื ืคืœืื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืจื‘ื•ืช ืขืชื™ืงื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ื‘ Lonely Planet ืฉืœ ื”ืžื•ืชื’ ื”ื—ื“ืฉ ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื.

ืœื ืฆืจื™ืš ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืกืคืจ? ื‘ื—ืจ ื•ื‘ื—ืจ ืืช ื”ืคืจืงื™ื ื”ืžื•ืขื“ืคื™ื ืขืœื™ืš PDF ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื”ื‘ื ืฉืœืš.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

add
close