ืžื—ื•ื•ื”: ื”ื™ื›ืŸ ืœื‘ืงืจ ื”ื ืฆื—ื” ืžืคื•ืจืกืžื™ื

ืžื—ื•ื•ื”: ื”ื™ื›ืŸ ืœื‘ืงืจ ื”ื ืฆื—ื” ืžืคื•ืจืกืžื™ื

ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ื ื•ืกืข, ืืชื” ืžื—ืคืฉ 100% ืžื ื•ื—ื” ื•ื”ืจืคื™ื”? ืื• ื”ืื ืืชื” ืžื•ืฆื ืืช ืขืฆืžืš ื ืžืฉืš ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืฉืœ ื™ืขื“ ื›ื“ืจืš ืœื”ื›ื™ืจ ื‘ืืžืช ืืช ื–ื”?

ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ื”ื ืฆื—ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืจืชืง, ืžืจื’ืฉ, ืžืจื’ื™ื–, ืžืจื’ื™ื–. ื•ื™ื ืกื˜ื•ืŸ ืฆ'ืจืฆ'ื™ืœ ืืžืจ: "ืขืœื™ื ื• ืœืฆื™ื™ืจ ืฆืขื™ืฃ ืขืœ ื›ืœ ื–ื•ื•ืขื•ืช ื”ืขื‘ืจ", ืœืื—ืจ ืžืœื—ืžืช ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื”. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืจืื•ืช ืžื“ื•ืข - ื”ืคืฆืขื™ื ื ืจืื• ื˜ืจื™ื™ื ืžื“ื™, ื”ืื™ืžื” ืœื ืชืชื•ืืจ. ืื‘ืœ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืงื•ื“ื ืœื›ืŸ, ื‘ืฆื“ ื”ืฉื ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก โ€‹โ€‹ื”ืื˜ืœื ื˜ื™, ื”ื™ื” ื”ืคื™ืœื•ืกื•ืฃ ื”ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ ื’'ื•ืจื’' ืกื ื˜ื™ืื ื” ื‘ืขืœ ื”ืฉืงืคื” ืื—ืจืช, ื›ื–ื• ืฉื”ืชืงื‘ืœื” ื›ืžืขื˜ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืื•ื ื™ื‘ืจืกืœื™. ื”ื•ื ื”ื–ื”ื™ืจ ื›ื™ "ืžื™ ืฉืœื ื–ื•ื›ืจ ืืช ื”ืขื‘ืจ ื ื™ื“ื•ืŸ ืœื—ื–ื•ืจ ืขืœ ื–ื”".

ื”ื ื” ืจืฉื™ืžื” ืงืฆืจื” (ืœืœื ืกื“ืจ ืžืกื•ื™ื) ืฉืœ ื›ืžื” ืžืคื•ืจืกืžื™ื ื”ื ืฆื—ื”:

Poland, Auschwitz-Birkenau, Poland

ืื ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื‘ืฉืœ ืืช ื–ื”, ืœืงื—ืช ืืช ื”ืกื™ื•ืจ ืขื•ื“ ื›ื™ ื’ื ืžื‘ืงืจ ื‘ืžื—ื ื” ืขื ืง ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืจืงื ืื•, ืฉื ื‘ื ื” ื›ืืฉืจ ืชืื™ ื”ื’ื–ื™ื ื•ื”ืžืฉืจืคื•ืช ืฉืœ ืื•ืฉื•ื•ื™ืฅ ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืขื•ื“ ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืขื ืžืกืคืจ ื”ืื ืฉื™ื ืฉื ืฉืœื—ื• ืœืฉื.

ืจื•ื‘ืŸ ืื™ื™ืœื ื“, ื“ืจื•ื ืืคืจื™ืงื”

ื–ื” ืœื ื”ื™ื” ืจืง โ€‹โ€‹ื‘ื™ืชื• ื”ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ ืฉืœ ื ืœืกื•ืŸ ืžื ื“ืœื” ื‘ืžืฉืš 27 ืฉื ื™ื - ืจื•ื‘ืŸ ืื™ื™ืœื ื“ ืฉื™ืžืฉ ืœื‘ืจื™ื•ื ื•ืช ื•ืœื“ื™ื›ื•ื™ ืฉืœ ืฆืจื•ืช ืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืžืฉืš ื›ืžืขื˜ 400 ืฉื ื”, ืืš ื›ืขืช ื”ื•ื ืžื”ื•ื•ื” ืกืžืœ ืœื ื™ืฆื—ื•ืŸ ืขืœ ืืคืจื˜ื”ื™ื™ื“ ื•ื“ื™ื›ื•ื™.

Sedlec ื’ืœื•ืกืงืžื”, ืฆ 'ื›ื™ื”

ื”ืงืคืœื” ื”ืงื˜ื ื” ื‘ืกื“ืœืง ืœื™ื“ ืงื•ื˜ื ื” ื”ื•ืจื”, ืฆ'ื›ื™ื”, ืžืขื•ื˜ืจืช ื‘ืขืฆืžื•ืช ืฉืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืž -40,000 ืื™ืฉ. ืœื ื”ื™ื• ื›ืืŸ ืฉื•ื ื–ื•ื•ืขื•ืช, ื–ื” ื’ืœื•ืกืงืžื”. ืžืฆืžืจืจ, ืื‘ืœ ื™ืคื” ืœื”ืคืœื™ื.

ื˜ืื’ 'ืžืื”ืœ, ื”ื•ื“ื•

ื”ื˜ืื’ 'ื”ื•ื ืื ื“ืจื˜ื” ืžืจื’ืฉืช ืžื›ืœ ื”ืกื™ื‘ื•ืช ื”ื ื›ื•ื ื•ืช. ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ืื“ื ืฉื—ืกืจ ืœื• ืืช ืืฉืชื•. ื”ืงื™ืกืจ ืฉืื” ื’'ืื”ืŸ ื”ื™ื” ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื—ืžื•ืจ ื›ืืฉืจ ืžื•ืžื˜ื– ื”ืื”ื•ื‘ ืื”ื•ื‘ ืžืช ืฉื”ื•ื ื‘ื ื” ืืช ื”ื‘ื ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ื™ืคื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉื›ืŸ ืืช ื’ื•ืคื”.

Nánjฤซng, ืกื™ืŸ

ืžืื•ืช ืืœืคื™ื ื ื”ืจื’ื• ื•ืขืฉืจื•ืช ืืœืคื™ ื ืฉื™ื ื ืื ืกื• ื‘ -1937, ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืฆื‘ื ื”ื™ืคื ื™ ื”ืฉืชืœื˜ ืขืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ืกื™ื ื™ืช ื ืื ื’'ื™ื ื’ (ื ื ืงื™ื ื’). ื‘ืื•ืœื ื”ื”ื ืฆื—ื” ืฉืœ ื˜ื‘ื— ื ืื ื’'ื™ื ื’ ื™ืฉ ืื•ืœื ืชืฆื•ื’ื” ืžื—ืจื™ื“ ืฉืœ ื›ืžื” ืงื•ืจื‘ื ื•ืช ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ืงื‘ืจ ื”ืžื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœื”ื.

ืื ื“ืจื˜ืช ื” - 11/9, ืืจื”"ื‘

ืฉื ื•ื™ ื‘ืžื—ืœื•ืงืช, ืขืžื•ืก ืžืฉืžืขื•ืช ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ืช ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™, ื–ื” ื”ื ืฆื—ื” ื›ื‘ื•ื“ ืืœื” ืฉื ื”ืจื’ื• ื‘ืคื™ื’ื•ืขื™ 11 ื‘ืกืคื˜ืžื‘ืจ 2001. ืœืžื™ื“ืข ื ื•ืกืฃ ืขืœ www.911memorial.org.

ื”ื™ืจื•ืฉื™ืžื”, ื™ืคืŸ

ืžืกืคืจ ื”ื”ืจื•ื’ื™ื ืžื”ืคืฆืฆื” ื”ืื˜ื•ืžื™ืช ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืžื•ืขืจืš ื‘ -200 ืืœืฃ (5 ืฉื ื™ื ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืคื™ืฆื•ืฅ). ื‘ื”ื™ืจื•ืฉื™ืžื” ืžืฆื‘ื•ืช ื–ื™ื›ืจื•ืŸ ืจื‘ื•ืช ืœืื™ืจื•ืข, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืื•ืœื ื”ื–ื™ื›ืจื•ืŸ ืœืฉืœื•ื.

ืืงื˜ื•ืŸ ื˜ื•ื ื™ืฆ'ื™ืœ ืžืงื ืืœ, ื‘ืœื™ื–

ื˜ืจืง ื“ืจืš ื”ื’'ื•ื ื’ืœ ื‘ืœื™ื–, ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก ืœืžืขืจื”, ืœืฉื—ื•ืช ื“ืจืš ื”ื‘ืจื™ื›ื”, ืœื“ืจื•ืš ืขืœ ื”ืฉืœื“ื™ื, ืœื”ืชื—ืžืง ืžืขื˜ืœืคื™ ื”ืคื™ืจื•ืช, ื•ืืชื” ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ืฉืœื“ ืฉืœ ืื™ืฉื” ืžืื™ื” ืฆืขื™ืจื”, ืื•ืœื™ ื ืกื™ื›ื”, ื—ืฆื™ ืžืฉื•ื‘ืฆื™ื ืงืœืฆื™ื˜ ื ื•ืฆืฅ.

ื’ืœื™ืคื•ืœื™, ื˜ื•ืจืงื™ื”

ื”ืžืคืจืฅ ื‘ื˜ื•ืจืงื™ื”, ืฉื‘ื• ืื‘ื“ื• 200 ืืœืฃ ื—ื™ื™ืœื™ ื‘ืขืœื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจื™ืช ื•ื—ื™ื™ื ืชื•ืจื›ื™ื™ื ืขื•ื“ ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื”ื•ืคืš ืœื–ื™ืจืช ื˜ืงืก ืื–ื›ืจื” ืขื ืงื™ ื‘ -25 ื‘ืืคืจื™ืœ ืžื“ื™ ืฉื ื”.

ื’'ืืœื™ืื ื•ื•ืืœื” ื‘ืื’, ื”ื•ื“ื•

ื›ื“ื™ ืœืงื‘ืœ ื”ื‘ื ื” ืฉืœ ืžื” ืฉื”ืคืš ืืช ื”ื•ื“ื• ืœืžืงื•ื ืฉื‘ื• ื”ื™ื ื ืžืฆืืช ื”ื™ื•ื, ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืืœ ืืžืจื™ื˜ืกืืจ ืœืžืงื•ื ืฉื‘ื• ื”ื—ื™ื™ืœื™ื ื”ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื™ื, ืœืœื ืื–ื”ืจื”, ื—ืกืžื• ื›ื™ื›ืจ ืœืคื ื™ ืฉื™ืจื” 1,650 ืกื™ื‘ื•ื‘ื™ื ืœืชื•ืš ืงื”ืœ ืฉืœ 5,000 ืžืคื’ื™ื ื™ื ืฉืœื•ื•ื™ื.

ื”ื‘ืŸ ืฉืœื™, ื•ื™ื™ื˜ื ืื

ื–ื•ื”ื™ ื”ื”ื’ื“ืจื” ืฉืขื•ืฉื” ืืช ื”ื‘ืŸ ืฉืœื™ ื”ื–ื™ื›ืจื•ืŸ ื›ืœ ื›ืš ืžืจื’ืฉ. ื›ืคื™ ืฉืืชื” ื”ื•ืœืš ื“ืจืš ืื•ืจื– ืื•ืจื– ื•ื’ื ื™ื ื™ืจืง, ืงืฉื” ืœื”ืืžื™ืŸ ื›ื™ ื–ื” ื”ืžืงื•ื ืฉื‘ื• ืžืื•ืช ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ ื”ื›ืคืจ ื•ื™ืื˜ื ืžื™ืช ื”ื™ื” ืฉื—ื•ื˜, ื”ื•ื›ื” ื•ืื ืก ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื—ื™ื™ืœื™ื ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ื.

Île de Gorée, ืกื ื’ืœ

ืžื—ืœื•ืงืช ืขืœ ื›ืžื” ืื ืฉื™ื ื ืžื›ืจื• ืœืขื‘ื“ื•ืช ืขืœ Goree - ืื™ ืžื•ืœ ื—ื•ืคื™ Dakar, ืกื ื’ืœ - ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ื‘ื ืœืกืžืœ ืืช ืžื™ืœื™ื•ื ื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืฉืกื‘ืœื• ื”ืกื—ืจ ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก โ€‹โ€‹ื”ืื˜ืœื ื˜ื™. ืžืื™ื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื”ื•ื ื“ืœืช ืœืœื ื—ื–ืจื” (ื‘ืชืžื•ื ื” ืœืขื™ืœ) ืฉื‘ื• ื”ืขื‘ื“ื™ื ื”ื™ื• ืžืฆืขื“.

ื˜ื•ืœ ืกืœื ื’, ืงืžื‘ื•ื“ื™ื”

S-21, ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืกืคืจ ื”ื™ืฉืŸ ื”ืžืฉืžืฉ ื›ืžืจื›ื– ื”ืขื™ื ื•ื™ื™ื ื—ืžืจ ืจื•ื– 'ื‘ืงืžื‘ื•ื“ื™ื”, ื”ื•ื ืื ื“ืจื˜ื” ืœื–ื•ื•ืขื•ืช ืฉื”ื•ืชื™ืจื• 1.7 ืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืจื•ื’ื™ื. ื”ืžืคื” ื”ืฉื ื•ื™ื” ื‘ืžื—ืœื•ืงืช ืฉืœ ื’ื•ืœื’ืœื•ืช ื•ืขืฆืžื•ืช ื ื—ืฉื‘ื” ืžืงื‘ืจื™ืช ืžื“ื™ ื•ืขืชื” ื”ื•ื—ืœืคื”.

ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ืคื•ืจืกื ืœืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื‘ืื•ืงื˜ื•ื‘ืจ 2010, ื•ื”ื•ื ืจืขื ืŸ ื‘ื ื•ื‘ืžื‘ืจ 2012.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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