ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืจื™ ื”ื’ืขืฉ ืฉืœ ืขืžืง ื‘ื™ื’ ืื™ื™ืœื ื“

ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืจื™ ื”ื’ืขืฉ ืฉืœ ืขืžืง ื‘ื™ื’ ืื™ื™ืœื ื“

ื”ืฆืขื™ืจ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ื™ื ื”ืขื™ืงืจื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื•ื•ืื™ - ื•ื–ื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื’ื“ืœ, ืขื ืœืžืขืœื” ืž 500 ื“ื•ื ื ืฉืœ ืงืจืงืข ื—ื“ืฉื” ืฉื ื•ืกืคื• ื‘ืžื”ืœืš 30 ื”ืฉื ื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช - ื”ืื™ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืœ ื”ื•ื•ืื™ ื’ื“ื•ืช ืขื ื”ืจืคืชืงืื•ืช ื—ื•ืฆื•ืช. ื›ืืŸ ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื˜ื™ื™ืœ ืืœ ืงืฆื” ื”ื”ืชืคืจืฆื•ืช ื”ื•ื•ืœืงื ื™ืช ื”ืžืชืžืฉื›ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื, ื•ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ ืœื˜ืคืก ืขืœ ืฉื ื™ ื”ืคืกื’ื•ืช ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื”ื•ื•ืื™. ืฆื•ื ื— ื‘ื—ื–ืจื” ืืœ ื”ืื“ืžื”, ืœื˜ืคืก ืœืชื•ืš ืขืžืงื™ื ืžื™ื•ืขืจื™ื ืžื—ืกื” ืขืชื™ืง heiau (ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ื”ื•ื•ืื™) ื•ื—ื•ืคื™ ื‘ืจ ืฉื‘ื• ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื”ืžื—ื ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืœื’ืœื•ืฉ ื‘ืื•ืจ ื”ื™ืจื— ื›ืกื•ืคื™ื.

ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืจื™ ื’ืขืฉ ื”ื•ื•ืื™

ื”ืชื—ืœ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื•ืœืš ื™ืฉืจ ืืœ ื”ืœื‘ ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ืœื‘ื” ืคืขื•ืœื”: ื”ื•ื•ืื™ ื”ื•ื•ืœืงื ื™ ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™. ื”ื ื” Kilauea ืงืœื“ืจื” ื›ื‘ืจ ืœื‘ื” ืœื‘ื” ืžืื– 1983. ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืฉื ื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช, ืžื›ืชืฉ Halemau'mau ื™ืฉ ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืื’ื ืžืชืคืชืœ ืฉืœ ืืฉ. ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ ื”ืืžื™ื ื• ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืชื• ืฉืœ ืคืœื”, ืืœืช ื”ื”ื•ื•ืื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืจื™ ื’ืขืฉ ื•ื”ืจื™ ื”ื’ืขืฉ, ื”ืžื›ืชืฉ ื”ืืœืžื•ืื• ื ืจืื” ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืœื’ื™ื”ื ื•ื ืื—ืจื™ ืจื“ืช ื”ื—ืฉื›ื”.

ื—ื›ื”, ื–ื” ืœื ื›ืœ ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ื•ื•ืœืงื ื™ืช ืžืกื•ื›ื ืช? ืœื ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง. ื”ืจื™ ื’ืขืฉ ื”ื•ื•ืื™ ืœืขืชื™ื ืจื—ื•ืงื•ืช ืœื”ืชืคืจืฅ ืขื ืžื–ืจืงื•ืช ืฉืœ ืืฉ, ืื‘ืœ ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืœืฉืœื•ื— ืืช ื–ืจืžื™ ืœื‘ื” ื›ื™ ืœื˜ืคื˜ืฃ ืžืขืœ ื”ืงืจืงืข ืื• ืฆื™ื ื•ืจื•ืช ืชืช ืงืจืงืขื™ ืขื ืฆื”ืจื™ื ื–ื•ื”ืจ. ื›ืืฉืจ ืืœื” ื–ื•ืจืžื™ื ืืœ ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก, ื”ื ืฉื•ืœื—ื™ื ืขืžื•ื“ื™ ืื“ื™ื ืขื ืงื™ื™ื ืฉืžืชื ื—ืฉืœื™ื ื›ืžื• ืขื ื ื™ื ื‘ืžืฉืš ื”ื™ื•ื ื•ืžื–ื”ื™ืจื™ื ื‘ื’ื ื™ื—ื•ืช ื‘ืœื™ืœื”. ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ื•ื•ืœืงื ื™ืช ื”ื ื•ื›ื—ื™ืช, ื™ื™ืชื›ืŸ ืฉืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื˜ื™ื™ืœ ืืœ ืชื•ืš ื ื•ืฃ ืฉืœ ื–ืจื™ืžืช ื”ืœื‘ื”, ืื• ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ืคืืจืง ืื• ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ืžื—ื•ื– ืœืจื•ืฅ Kalapana ืื–ื•ืจ ืฆืคื™ื™ื”; ื”ืชืงืฉืจ ืœืžืกืคืจ +1 (808) 961-8093 ืœืงื‘ืœืช ืžื™ื“ืข ืขื“ื›ื ื™.

ืื ืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื”ื’ื“ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืจื’ืœ ืขืœ โ€‹โ€‹ืžื‘ื•ื’ืจ, ื™ืฆื™ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืื‘ืœ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžื”ื‘ื™ืœ ืœื‘ื” ื–ื•ืจืžืช, ื›ืคื™ ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ื ื•ืคื™ื ื–ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื”ื“ื•ืจื” ืžื—ื•ื“ืฉืช ืฉืœ ื”ื•ืœื™ื•ื•ื“ 2001 ื›ื•ื›ื‘ ื”ืงื•ืคื™ื, ื‘ืฆืข ืืช ื”ืคืืจืง ืฉืœ 4 ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจ Kilauea ืื™ืงื™ ืฉื‘ื™ืœ, ืืฉืจ ื™ื•ืจื“ ืžืŸ ื”ืฉืคื” ื”ืžื›ืชืฉ ื•ื•ืœืงื ื™ ื• traipses ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื–ืจืžื™ ืœื‘ื” ื–ื•ืจืžื™ื, ืืฉืจ ืœืื˜ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช recolonized ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื, ื“ืจืš ื™ืขืจ ื’ืฉื ืžืœื ืฆืคืจื™ื ืงื™ืคื•ืงื” (ื ื•ื•ื” ืžื“ื‘ืจ) ื—ืกืš ื‘ื–ืขื ืฉืœ ืคืœื”.

ืžืื•ื ื” ืœื•ืื”

ื‘ืคื™ื ื” ืžืจื•ื—ืงืช ืฉืœ ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืจื™ ื”ื’ืขืฉ ืฉืœ ื”ื•ื•ืื™, ืžืื ื” ืœื•ืื” ('ืœื•ื ื’ ืžืื•ื ื˜ื™ื™ืŸ' ื‘ื”ื•ื•ืื™), ื”ืจ ื”ื’ืขืฉ ื”ื›ื™ ืžืกื™ื‘ื™ ื‘ื”ื•ื•ืื™, ืขื•ืžื“ ืขืœ ื”ืžืฉืžืจ. ืื ืืชื” ืฉื™ื- bagger, ื”ื˜ืจืง ืฉืœ 19 ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจ ืœืคืกื’ื” ืฉืœื” ื”ื•ื ืืชื’ืจ ืจืื•ื™. ื—ืฉื™ืคื” ื—ื–ืงื” ืœืฉืžืฉ, ืขืจืคืœ ืœื‘ื ื” ื•ืืช ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืคื•ืชืจืžื™ื” ื•ืžื—ืœืช ื’ื•ื‘ื” ืœื ืœื”ืจืชื™ืข ืฉืืคืชื ื™, ืžื˜ืคืกื™ื ืคื™ื–ื™ืช ืžืชืื™ืžื™ื ื–ื” ืขืœื™ื™ื” ืจื‘ ื™ืžื™ื ืžืขืœ moonscape ืฉืœ ืœื‘ื” ื•ื•ืœืงื ื™ืช ื–ื•ืจื ื›ื“ื™ calvera ื”ืคืกื’ื” ืฉืœ ืžื ื•ื‘ื” ืœื•ืื” ืื—ืจ.

ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื ื”ื™ื•ื ื”ืžืขื•ื ื™ื™ื ื™ื ืœืงื—ืช ืืช ืงื™ืฆื•ืจ ื”ื“ืจืš ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ืžืื ื” ืœื•ืื” ื”ืžืฆืคื” ืฉื‘ื™ืœ, ืขื•ื“ ืžืื•ืžืฆืช ื• ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื’ื‘ื•ื” ืฉื‘ื™ืœ (13 ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื ื”ืœื•ืš ื•ืฉื•ื‘) ืฉืžืชื—ื™ืœ ืืช ืื•ื›ืฃ Rd ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœืคืืจืง. ื–ื”ื• ื˜ื™ืคื•ืก ืชืœื•ืœ ื•ื™ืคื”ืคื”, ื“ืจืš ืงืฉืชื•ืช ื’ืขืฉื™ื•ืช ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™ื•ืช, ืืœ ื”ืคืกื’ื” ื”ืจื•ืขืคืช, ื”ื—ืฉื•ืคื”, ืฉืœ ืžืื•ื ื” ืœื•ืื”. ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืžื•ืงื“ื (ืœืคื ื™ 8 ื‘ื‘ื•ืงืจ) ื•ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืืช ืชื—ื–ื™ืช ืžื–ื’ ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ืœืคื ื™ ื”ื™ืฆื™ืื” ืœื“ืจืš. ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ื”ื’ื™ืฉื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฆืคื” ื”ื•ื ืžื—ื•ืกืคืก ื•ืจื•ื‘ื• ืœื ืกืœื•ืœ; ืจื›ื‘ 4WD ื”ื•ื ืžื•ืขื™ืœ. ืฉื™ื ืœื‘ ืจื•ื‘ ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ื”ืจื›ื‘ ืื•ืกืจื™ื ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืœื ืกืœื•ืœื•ืช, ืืคื™ืœื• ื‘ื’'ื™ืคื™ื.

ืžืื•ื ื” ืงื™ืื”

Mauna Kea ื”ื•ื ื”ื”ืจ ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื - ื’ื‘ื•ื” ืืคื™ืœื• ืžื”ืจ ืื•ื•ืจืกื˜ - ื›ืืฉืจ ื ืžื“ื“ ืžื‘ืกื™ืก ืฉืœื• ืขืžื•ืง ืขืœ ืงืจืงืขื™ืช ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก โ€‹โ€‹ื›ืœ ื”ื“ืจืš ืขื“ ื”ืคืกื’ื” ืฉืœื” 13,796 ืจื’ืœ ืžืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ื™ื. ืฉืžื™ื ื‘ื”ื™ืจื™ื ืœื”ืคืœื™ื ื”ืคื›ื• ืืช ื”ืคืกื’ื” ืœืžืงื•ื ืื™ื“ื™ืืœื™ ืœื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ืชืฆืคื™ื•ืช ืืกื˜ืจื•ื ื•ืžื™ื•ืช ืขืชื™ืจื•ืช ื™ื“ืข; ื—ืœืงื ืคืชื•ื—ื™ื ืœืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ ืœื‘ื™ืงื•ืจื™ื ื•ืกื™ื•ืจื™ื. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื•ื•ืื™ ื”ืขืชื™ืงื”, Mauna Kea ื”ื™ื” ืžืงื•ื ืขืœื™ื™ื” ืœืจื’ืœ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื˜ืงืกื™ื ืงื“ื•ืฉื™ื ื›ื•ืœืœ ืงื‘ื•ืจื”, ื›ืžื• ื’ื ืื™ืกื•ืฃ ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื›ืœื™ื. ืืœืช ื”ืฉืœื’ ื—ื™ื” ื›ืืŸ, ื‘ื™ืŸ ื–ืจืžื™ ื”ืœื‘ื” ื”ืคืจื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื™ื ื•ืื’ื ื•ื•ืื™ืื• ื”ื–ืขื™ืจ.

ื”ืชื—ื™ืœื• ื‘ืžืขืœื” ื”ื”ืจ ื‘ืžืขืœื™ืช ืžื™ื“ืข ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืื ื” ืงื™ืื”, ื”ืžืฆื™ืขื” ืชื•ื›ื ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื›ื•ื›ื‘ื™ื ืœืœื ืชืฉืœื•ื. ืœื”ืชืืงืœื ืœื’ื•ื‘ื” 9000 ืจื’ืœ ื‘ืจื’ืœ ื‘ืขืช ืœืœื’ื•ื ืฉื•ืงื• ื—ื ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ื‘ื™ืช. ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื™ื•ืช ื”ืฉื›ื™ืจื•ืช ืืกื•ืจ ืœื ืกื•ืข ืขื“ ืœืคืกื’ื”, ืื‘ืœ ืืชื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืฉื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื”ืงืฉื” - ื‘ืจื’ืœ. ื–ื”ื• ื˜ื™ืคื•ืก ืžื˜ื•ืจืฃ ืฉืœ ืฉื™ืฉื” ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจ ื‘ื›ืœ ื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ, ืžืชืคืชืœ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืงื•ื ื•ืกื™ ืืคืจ ื‘ื’ื•ื‘ื” ื”ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื ืขื ื”ืขื ื ื™ื ื•ื‘ืชื•ืš ื ื•ืฃ ืžืจื•ื—ืง ืฉืœ ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก, ืžืขืœ ืฉื ื™ ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืžืกื—ืจืจื™ื ืœืžื˜ื”. ืœื ืขื“ ืœืื™ืžื•ืŸ ื›ื–ื”? ืœืชืคื•ืก ืืช ื”ืฉืงื™ืขื” ื‘ืคืกื’ื” ืขืœ ืกื™ื•ืจ ืžื•ื“ืจืš 4WD ื‘ืžืงื•ื.

ืขืžืง ื•ื•ืืคื™ื• ื•ื•ืื™ื™ืžื ื•

ื”ืžืจื’ืฉ ื›ืžื• ื”ืจื™ ื”ื’ืขืฉ ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ, ืžืจืฉื™ืžื™ื ื‘ืื•ืชื” ืžื™ื“ื” ื›ืžื• ืขืžืงื™ื ืืžืคื™ืช ืฉืœ ืืžืคื™ืชืœื“. ืžืชืคืชืœ ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ื‘ืฆืœ ื”ืจื™ ืงื•ื”ืœื”, ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืขืžืงื™ื ื”ืขืฆื•ืžื™ื ื”ืืœื” ืื™ื ื ื ื’ื™ืฉื™ื ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ. ืื‘ืœ ืืชื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืœื›ื•ื“ ืคื ื•ืจืžื•ืช ืฉืœ ื’ื•ืœืฉ ื‘ืคืจืื•ืช ื’ื•ืœืฉ, ืฉื“ื•ืช ื˜ืœืื™ื ืฉืœ ืฆืžื—ื™ ื˜ืืจื• ื™ืจื•ืงื™ื ืžืคืœื™ ืžื™ื ืชื—ืจื” ืžืŸ ื”ืฆื•ืงื™ื ืžืŸ ืชืฆืคื™ืช ืขืžืง ื•ื™ื™ืคื™ืื•. ื–ื” ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ืกืœื•ืœ ืžืจื•ื‘ืข ื”ื•ื ื•ืงื” ืขืœ ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืžืืงื•ืื” ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™.

ืžืŸ ืชืฆืคื™ืช, ื–ื” ื”ืœื™ื›ื” ืชืœื•ืœ ื‘ืžื•ืจื“ 1 ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจ ืชืœื•ืœ ื‘ืžื•ืจื“ ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 4WD ืœื—ื•ืฃ ื”ื™ื ื”ืฉื—ื•ืจ Waipi'o ืฉื‘ื• ื“ื•ืœืคื™ื ื™ื ืกืคื™ื ืจ ืœื“ื“ื•ืช ืžื”ื—ื•ืฃ. ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืื ืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ื ื•ืกืฃ ืœืชื•ืš ืขืžืง Waipi'o, ื›ื™ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ื”ื ื‘ื”ื’ื ื” ืขื–ื” ืขืœ ืจื›ื•ืฉ ืคืจื˜ื™ ื•ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืžื™ืฉื”ื• ืฉื™ื•ื“ืข ืืช ื”ื ื•ืฃ.ืœื—ื™ืœื•ืคื™ืŸ, ืœืงื‘ืœ ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ืžืจืืฉ ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืชืจืžื™ืœืื™ื DIY ืœืขืžืง ืจื—ื•ืง ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ Waimanu, ื ื˜ื•ืฉ ืœืื—ืจ ืฆื•ื ืืžื™ ืžื—ื” ื”ื›ืคืจ ืฉืœื” ื‘ืฉื ืช 1946. 9-Mile Muliwai ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ืžืขืžืง Waipi'o ืืœ ืขืžืง ื•ื™ืืžื ื• ื”ื•ื ืžื—ื•ืกืคืก, ืžืกื•ื›ื ื™ื ืชืœื•ืœื™ื ืžืื•ื“ ื‘ ื›ืชืžื™ื, ืื– ืจืง ืžื ื•ืกื” backcountry ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœื ืกื•ืช ืืช ื–ื”.

ืขืžืง ืคื•ืœื•ืœื•

ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื™ื•ื ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืงืœ ืžื—ื›ื” ื‘ืžื—ื•ื– ืงื•ื”ืœื” ืฆืคื•ืŸ, ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ืกืœื•ืœ ืžืชืคืชืœ ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœื”ื•ื™. ืงื“ื•ืฉ ืœื”ื•ื•ืื™ ื”ืขืชื™ืงื”, ืขืžืง ืคื•ืœื•ืœื• ื”ืคื•ืจื” ืฉื’ืฉื’ ืขื ืฉื“ื•ืช ื˜ืืจื• ืœืชื•ืš ื”ืžืื” ื” -20 ืขื“ ืชืขืœืช ืงื•ื”ืœื” ื”ืคื ื” ืžื™ื. ื”ื™ื•ื ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื˜ืคืก ืœืชื•ืš ืขืžืง ื–ื” ืืžืคื™ืชื™ืื˜ืจื•ืŸ ืขืœ ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื”ืœื™ื›ื” ืกืœืขื™ ื›ื™ ื”ื•ื ืคื—ื•ืช ืž ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจ ืืจื•ื›ื”. ืกื™ื™ื ื‘ื—ื•ืฃ ืฉื—ื•ืจ ื—ื•ืœ ืฉื‘ื• ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืฉื‘ืช, ืœื”ืจื”ืจ ื’ืœื™ ืฉื‘ื™ืจื” ืœื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ ืืช ืžืื ื” (ื›ื•ื— ืจื•ื—ื ื™) ืฉืœ ื”ืขืžืงื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื•ื”ืจื™ ื”ื’ืขืฉ.

ืฉืจื” ื‘ื ืกื•ืŸ ื”ื•ื ืกื•ืคืจ ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช, ื™ื•ืฆืจ ืžื“ื™ื” ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ืช, ื›ืœ ืขื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืฉื ื” ื—ื•ื‘ื‘ื™ื ื ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ ืคืืจืง ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™. ื›ืฉื”ื™ื ืœื ืžืฉื•ื˜ื˜ืช ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ืืกื™ื”, ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก โ€‹โ€‹ื”ืฉืงื˜ ื•ืืžืจื™ืงื”, ื”ื™ื ืขื•ืฉื” ืื•ืชื” ื”ื‘ื™ืชื” ื‘ืงืœื™ืคื•ืจื ื™ื”. ืขืงื•ื‘ ืื—ืจื™ื” ื‘- Twitter @indie_traveler ืื• ื‘- Google+.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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