50 ืฉื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื’ 'ื™ื™ืžืก ื‘ื•ื ื“: ื—ืœื•ื 007 ื”ื ืกื™ืขื”

50 ืฉื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื’ 'ื™ื™ืžืก ื‘ื•ื ื“: ื—ืœื•ื 007 ื”ื ืกื™ืขื”

ื‘ื•ื ื“, ื’ 'ื™ื™ืžืก ื‘ื•ื ื“ ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื”ื•ืคืš 50 ืขืœ ื”ืžืกืš ื›ืกืฃ ื”ืฉื ื”. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืืœื” ืžืื™ืชื ื• ืืฉืจ ืœื”ืฉืื™ืจ ืžืงื•ื ืœื–ื•ื”ืจ ืงื˜ืŸ ืœืชื•ืš ื”ืžื–ื•ื•ื“ื•ืช ืฉืœื ื•, ื”ื•ื ื”ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื”ืื•ืœื˜ื™ืžื˜ื™ื‘ื™, ืžื˜ืœื˜ืœ ืื•ืชื• ื‘ื‘ืชื™ ืžืœื•ืŸ ืงืœืืกื™ื™ื, ื‘ืชื™ ืงื–ื™ื ื• ื•ืืช ื”ื’ื“ืจื•ืช ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืขื•ืœื ืงืฉื•ืจื” ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืœืžืคื” ืฉืœ ืคืขื ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื™ ื”ืื™ืžืคืจื™ืืœื™. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืื•ื”ื“ ื‘ื•ื ื“ ื”ืื•ืœื˜ื™ืžื˜ื™ื‘ื™ ื‘ืžืฉื™ืžื”, ื”ื ื” ื—ืœื•ื ืžืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืœืขื•ืœื ื”ืžืกืœื•ืœ ืœื”ื›ื•ืช ืืช ื”ื™ืขื“ื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื ืกื•ืข ืขืœ ืคื ื™ 50 ืฉื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืกืจื˜ื™ื.

ื’ื•ืœื“ื ื™ื™, ื’'ืžื™ื™ืงื”

ื”ืชื—ื™ืœื• ื›ืืŸ ื‘ืืคืก ืืคืก ืขื‘ื•ืจ 007. ืžืœื•ืŸ ื–ื” ื‘ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™, ืœื™ื“ ื—ื•ืฃ ื’ 'ื™ื™ืžืก ื‘ื•ื ื“, ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ื›ืžื• ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœ ืžืงื•ื ืœืคืจื•ืฉ ืืœื™ื•, ื›ื ืจืื” ื‘ื’ืœืœ ืฉื”ื•ื ื ื•ืœื“' ื›ืืŸ ', ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื™ื•ืฆืจ ืื™ืืŸ ืคืœืžื™ื ื’ - ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื™ ื—ื™ืœ ื”ื™ื ื”ืžื•ื“ื™ืขื™ืŸ ื•ื˜ืจื™ื ืจ - ื—ื™ ื›ืืŸ, ืœืกื’ื•ืจ ืืช ื”ื—ืœื•ื ื•ืช ื•ืœื”ืงื™ื ื‘ื—ื“ืจ ื”ืฉื™ื ื” ืฉืœื• ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืงืœื™ื“ 14 007 ืจื•ืžื ื™ื. ื”ื•ื ื‘ื—ืจ ืืช ืฉืžื• ืฉืœ ื’'ื™ื™ืžืก ื‘ื•ื ื“ ืœืื—ืจ ืกืžื›ื•ืช ืžืฉื•ืจืจืช ืฉื”ื•ื ื”ืขืจื™ืฅ - ื•ื‘ื’ืœืœ ืฉื–ื” ื ืฉืžืข ื›ืœ ื›ืš ืžืฉืขืžื. ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื›ืืŸ, ื›ื“ื™ ืœืขืงื•ืฃ ืืช Mammee Bay ื”ืงืจื•ื‘, ืฉื‘ื• ืื•ืจืกื•ืœื” ืื ื“ืจืก, ื›ืžื• ื”ืื ื™ ืจื™ื™ื“ืจ, ืžื•ืคื™ืข ื˜ืคื˜ื•ืฃ ื‘ืžื™ ืžืœื— ื‘ืกืจื˜ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื“"ืจ ืœื.

ื“ืจืš ืื’ื‘, ืกื˜ื™ื ื’ ื›ืชื‘ ืืช ื”ืฉื™ืจ ื”ืžื•ื›ืจ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืกื˜ื•ืงืจื™ื ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ื–ืžื ื™ื 'ื›ืœ ื ืฉื™ืžื” ืฉืืชื” ืœื•ืงื—' ื›ืืŸ. ื”ืžืœื•ืŸ ื ืžืฆื ื‘ื‘ืขืœื•ืชื• ืฉืœ ื›ืจื™ืก ื‘ืœืงื•ื•ืœ, ืžื™ื™ืกื“ ืื™ื™ ืจืงื•ืจื“ืก. ื‘ื•ื ื’ืœื• ืœืจื•ืฅ ืจืง 1200 $ ืœืœื™ืœื” (ื›ื•ืœืœ ืืจื•ื—ืช ื‘ื•ืงืจ, ืœืคื—ื•ืช).

Jökulsárlón, ืื™ืกืœื ื“

ื”ืฉื ืฉืœื” - ืื™ืกืœื ื“ื™ ืœ'ื’ื“ืช ื”ื ื”ืจ ื”ืงืจื—ื™ืช' - ืื•ืžืจ ื”ื›ื•ืœ, ื•ื‘ื›ืœ ื–ืืช ืชืžืฉื™ื›ื• ืœื”ืชื’ืœื’ืœ ืžืืชืจ ืฉืœ ืงืจื—ื•ื ื™ื ื›ื—ื•ืœื™ื ื‘ื”ื™ืจื™ื ื”ืžืกืชื•ื‘ื‘ื™ื ื‘ืœื’ื•ื ื” ืœื™ื“ ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ื”ื˜ื‘ืขืช ื‘ืฆื“ ื”ืฉื ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ ืžืจื™ื™ืงื™ืื•ื•ื™ืง. ื”ืงืจื—ื•ื ื™ื, ื›ืคื™ ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืจืื•ืช ื‘ืกืจื˜ 1985 ืฆืคื” ื‘ื”ืจื•ื’ (ื“ื•ืจืืŸ ื“ื•ืจืืŸ ืื—ื“) ื•ืืช ื”ืกืฆื™ื ื” ืžืจื“ืฃ ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื™ืช ืฉืœ 2002 ื”ืกืจื˜ ืชืžื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ื ืื—ืจ (ืœื ืœื”ืชืขืœื ื˜ื•ืžื‘ ืจื™ื™ื“ืจ) ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื‘ืœื•ืช ื—ืžืฉ ืฉื ื™ื ืœืคื ื™ ืฉื”ื ืžืชืžื•ืกืกื™ื ืœืชื•ืš ื”ืœื’ื•ื ื” ื”ืขืžื•ืงื”. ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช ืขืœ ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ื‘ืืžืฆืข ืžืื™ ืขื“ ืืžืฆืข ืกืคื˜ืžื‘ืจ, ื›ืืฉืจ ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ ืกื™ืจื” ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ืื•ืชืš ืขืœ ื”ืžื™ื.

ืžื•ืขื“ื•ืŸ ื’ื•ืœืฃ ืกื˜ื•ืง ืคืืจืง, ืื ื’ืœื™ื”

ืฉื•ืŸ ืงื•ื ืจื™ ืจืง ื‘ื ืœืื”ื•ื‘ ื’ื•ืœืฃ ืื—ืจื™ ื™ืจื™ ืžืจื›ื–ื™ ืขื ืืฆื‘ืข ื–ื”ื‘ ื‘ 1964 ืืช ื”ืกืจื˜ ื‘ืžื•ืขื“ื•ืŸ ื’ื•ืœืฃ ื–ื” - ื›ืžื•ื‘ืŸ ื”ื•ืคื™ืข ื’ื ื‘ืกืจื˜ 1997 ื”ืžื—ืจ ืืฃ ืคืขื ืœื ืžืช. ื”ืงื•ืจืก, ื”ืžื•ืขื“ื•ืŸ ื”ืงืืจื™ื‘ื™ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื ื™ื”, ืžืžื•ืงื ื‘ืื—ื•ื–ื” ืขื ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืฉืœ 1000 ืฉื ื”, ืื ื›ื™ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืžืžื” ืฉืื ื—ื ื• ืจื•ืื™ื ืชื•ื›ื ืŸ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื‘ืขืœื™ื ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ ื’'ื•ืŸ ืคืŸ, ืฉืžื›ืจ ืžื™ืœื™ื•ื ื™ ื“ื•ื ืžื™ื ื‘ืคื ืกื™ืœื‘ื ื™ื” ื•ื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื›ืกืฃ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืืช ื–ื” ืกื•ืฃ ื”ืžืื” ื” -18.

Schilthorn, ืฉื•ื•ื™ืฅ

ื ืกื• ืœื”ืชืขืœื ืžื”ืขื•ื‘ื“ื” ืฉื’'ื•ืจื’ 'ืœื–ื ื‘ื™ ืขืฉื” ืืช ื”ืงืกื ืฉืœื• ื›ืืŸ ื‘ืกืจื˜ 1969 ื‘ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื—ืฉืื™ ืฉืœ ื”ื•ื“ ืžืœื›ื•ืชื” ืœืงืฆืช. ืชืฆืคื™ื•ืช ืฉื™ื 360 ืžืขืœื•ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœ, ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ื‘ืจื•ืจื™ื, ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื”ืจ ื‘ืœืืŸ ื‘ืฆืจืคืช ื”ื™ืขืจ ื”ืฉื—ื•ืจ ื‘ื’ืจืžื ื™ื”. ื–ื” ืœื ืžืฆื™ืื•ืชื™. ื”ืžืกืขื“ื” ื”ืžืกืชื•ื‘ื‘ืช ืžืขื˜, ื”ืžื•ืคื™ืขื” ื‘ืกืจื˜, ื ืงืจืืช ืคื™ืฆื” ื’ืœื•ืจื™ื” ืื—ืจื™ ื”ืจื•ืžืŸ ืฉืœ ืคืœืžื™ื ื’ 1964. ื”ืฉื ื”ื•ื ื˜ืขื•ืช - ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื”ืžื™ืœื” Romansh ืœืฉื™ื 'ืคื™ื–', ืื ื›ื™ ื“ื™ืืœืงื˜ ืฉื•ื•ื™ืฆืจื™ ืื™ื ื• ืžืฉืžืฉ ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ. ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื”ื•ื ืื™ืžื•ืŸ - ืื ื™ ื™ื•ื“ืข, ืขืฉื™ืชื™ ืืช ื–ื” - ืื‘ืœ ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืœื ืกื•ืข ื‘ืจื›ื‘ืœ ืž Gimmwald ืื• Mürren, ืฉื ื™ ื›ืคืจื™ื ื”ื“ื’ืฉ ืฉืœ ืื–ื•ืจ ื™ื•ื ื’ืคืจืื•.

ืงืจืœื•ื‘ื™ ื•ืืจื™, ืฆ'ื›ื™ื”

ืงื–ื™ื ื• ืจื•ื™ืืœ ืฉืœ ืงื–ื™ื ื• ืจื•ื™ืืœ - ืœืžืขืฉื” ื”ืกืคืจ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืคืœืžื™ื ื’, ืื‘ืœ ืจืง ืฉื•ื—ืจืจ ื›ืžื• ืกืจื˜ ื‘ื•ื ื“ ืืžื™ืชื™ ื‘ืขื™ื“ืŸ ื“ื ื™ืืœ ืงืจื™ื™ื’ - ื”ื•ื ื’ืจื ื“ื”ื•ื˜ืœ ืคื•ืค, ื‘ืžืงื•ืจ ื ื‘ื ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืœื•ืจื“ื™ื ื›ืžื• ืกืงืกื•ื ื™ื” ื”ื•ืœ ื‘ "ื”ื ื•ืคืฉ glam ื”ืžืงื•ืจื™ ืฉืœ ืฆ 'ื›ื™ื”" ื›ืžื” ืฉืขื•ืช ืžืคืจืื’ . ื”ืกืจื˜ ืžื•ื’ื“ืจ ืžื•ื ื˜ื ื’ืจื•, ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ื›ืœ ืงืจืœื•ื‘ื™ ื•ืืจื™. ื•ืื›ืŸ ื™ืฉ ื›ืืŸ ืงื–ื™ื ื•, ื—ื™ื ื ื™ ื›ืžื• ื–ื” ืฉื‘ื• ื‘ื•ื ื“ ืฉืœ ืงืจื™ื™ื’ ืžื•ืฉืš ืืช ื”ืชืจื’ื™ืœ ืฉืœื• ืขื ืœื” ืฉื™ืคืจ ืฉืžื“ืžื ื“ืžืขื•ืช. ืขืฆื•ื‘.

ืื•ื“ืื™ืคื•ืจ, ื”ื•ื“ื•

ื‘ืกื“ืจ, ื”ืกืจื˜ ื”ื•ื ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœ crappy (ื’ื ืฉื), ืื‘ืœ ื”ืกืจื˜ ืจื•ื’ 'ืจ ืžื•ืจ Octopussy ืขื•ืฉื” ืžืฉื›ื ืขืช ืžืงืจื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ Udaipur ืฉืœ Rajasthan ื›ืžื• ื›ืœ ื™ืขื“ ื‘ื•ื ื“. ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืืจืžื•ืŸ ื”ืื’ื, ืืฉืจ ื ืจืื” ืœืฆื•ืฃ ืขืœ ื”ืื’ื (ืื•ืœื™ ื‘ื’ืœืœ ื”ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ืฉืœ ื’ 'ืงื™ O). ื ื‘ื ื” ื‘ 1740s ืฉืœ ืฉื™ืฉ ื›ืžื• ื›ืจื™ืช ืงื™ืฅ ืžืœื›ื•ืชื™, ื”ื•ื ืžืžื•ืงื ืœืžืขืฉื” ืขืœ ื”ืื™ Jag Niwas ื•ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ืžืชืคืงื“ืช ื›ืžื• ืžืœื•ืŸ ื™ื•ืงืจืชื™, ื˜ืื’ ืœื™ื™ืง ืคืืœืืก, ืขื ื—ืฆืจื•ืช ื‘ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ื”ืคืชื•ื— ื•ื‘ืจื™ื›ืช ืขืฅ ืžื ื’ื• ืขืฅ ืžื•ืฆืœ. ืฉืขืจื™ ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ื‘ 37,000 ืจื•ืคื™ (670 $ ืืจื”"ื‘).

Ao, ืคืื ื’-ื ื’ื”, ืœืื•ืžื™, ื—ื ื”, ืชืื™ืœื ื“

ื–ื” ื ืจืื” ื›ืžื• ื’ืŸ ืขื“ืŸ - ืžืคืจืฅ ืจื“ื•ืฃ ืฉืœ 42 ืื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืกืœืขื™ ืื‘ืŸ ืกืœืข ื”ื‘ื•ืœื˜ื™ื ืžืชื•ืš ืžื™ื ื˜ื•ืจืงื™ื– ืžื•ืฉืœื - ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ืœื ืกื•ื“, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ืขื•ื ืช ืฉื™ื ื“ืฆืžื‘ืจ ืื• ื™ื ื•ืืจ. ืื—ื“ ื”ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ื™ื "ืžืงื•ืžื™" ื”ื•ื ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื• Scaramanga, ืฉื’ืจ ืขืœ Ko Phing Kan, ืื• ื’ 'ื™ื™ืžืก ื‘ื•ื ื“ ืื™ื™ืœื ื“ ื‘ 1974 ื‘ื•ื ื“ ื”ืกืจื˜ ื”ืื™ืฉ ืขื ื”ืืงื“ื—. ื–ื”ื• ื’ื•ืœืช ื”ื›ื•ืชืจืช ืฉืœ ืกื™ื•ืจื™ื ื‘ืกื™ืจื” (ื ืกื™ืขื” ืฉืœ ืฉืœื•ืฉ ืฉืขื•ืช ื”ื•ื ื› 500B ืœืื“ื, ืขืœ 16 $).

ื˜ื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืžืื’'ื™, ื™ืคืŸ

ืืชื” ื—ื™ ืจืง ืคืขืžื™ื™ื, ื”ืกืจื˜ ืฉื‘ื• ืฉื•ืŸ ืงื•ื ืจื™ ื ืจืื” ื›ื™ ื™ืฉ ืืจื‘ืขื” ืื• ื—ืžื™ืฉื” ื—ื™ื™ื, ื”ื•ื "ื™ืคืŸ ื‘ื•ื ื“" pic. ื™ืจื• ื‘ืฉื ืช 1966 ื• -1967, ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ืžื•ื’ื“ืจ ื‘ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืจื‘ื™ื ืฉืœ ื™ืคืŸ, ืฆื™ื•ืจ ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื”ืจื‘ื” ืจื•ื“ืคื™ื ื‘ื•ื ื“ ืœืจื“ื•ืฃ ื–ื” ืงื˜ืข ื›ืžื” ื™ืจื™ื•ืช. ืฉืœื•ืฉ moats ืœื”ืงื™ืฃ ืืช ื”ื˜ื™ืจื” - ื’ื ื‘ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื›ืžื” Kurosawa ืกืจื˜ื™ื - ืืฉืจ ืžื•ืคื™ืข ื› (frickin) ื ื™ื ื’ 'ื” ืื™ืžื•ื ื™ื ื”ืืชืจ, ื•ื”ื™ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื™ืคืŸ ื•ืืช ื‘ื™ืงืจ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื–ื” ืžืชืืจื™ืš 1333, ืฉื•ืคืฆื” ื‘ืกื•ืฃ 16ื” ื•ืฉืจื“ื• ืืช ื”ืคืฆืฆื•ืช ื”ื›ื‘ื“ื•ืช ื‘ืžืœื—ืžืช ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื”.

ืจืฆื™ืฃ ื”ื“ื™ื™ื’ื™ื, ืกืŸ ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื•

ื‘ื˜ื—, ื›ืœ ืกืŸ ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื ื™ื ืœื’ืœื’ืœ ืืช ื”ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื ืฉืœื”ื ืขืœ ื—ื ื•ื™ื•ืช taffy, ื—ื•ืœืฆื•ืช ืžื–ื›ืจื•ืช, ืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช ืื•ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืก ืืœื” (ื˜ืขื™ื) ืฆื“ืคื•ืช ืงืขืจื•ืช ืฆื“ืคื•ืช ืžื•ื’ืฉ ืžืชื•ืš ื’ืœื™ืœ ืขื ืง ืžื’ื•ืœืฃ ื”ื—ื•ืฆื” ืฉืœ ืœื—ื ืœืืจื•ื—ื”. ืื‘ืœ ื—ื›ื™, ื’'ื™ื™ืžืก ื‘ื•ื ื“ ื ื›ื ืก ืœืชื•ื›ื•. ืœืคื—ื•ืช ื”ื•ื ืฉืžื— ืœื”ื™ืคื’ืฉ ืขื ืกื•ื›ืŸ ื”ืกื™.ืื™ื™.ืื™ื™. ืฆ'ืืง ืœื™ ื›ืืŸ ืžื‘ื˜ ืœื”ืจื•ื’ (ื•ื–ื” ื”ืžืงื•ื ืฉื‘ื• ืžื•ื“ ืื“ืžืก ืขื•ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืจืงืข ื›ืžื• ืชื•ืกืคืช ืžืื•ืœืชืจืช, ื”ื•ืคื›ืช ืืช ื”ื ืขืจื” ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื” ื‘ื•ื ื“ ืœื”ื•ืคื™ืข ื‘ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ืกืจื˜ื™ื ื‘ื•ื ื“). ืœื ืžืงื•ื ืจืข ืœืฉื‘ืช, ืœื‘ื”ื•ืช ืืœ ื’ืฉืจ ืฉืขืจ ื”ื–ื”ื‘ ื•ืœืฉืงื•ืœ ืžืกืข ื’ืœื•ื‘ืœื™, ื‘ืกื’ื ื•ืŸ 007.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

add
close