ืžืฆื™ืืช ื™ืœื™ื“ ืืžืจื™ืงื” ื‘ื’ื ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ื™ื ื‘ืืจื”"ื‘

ืžืฆื™ืืช ื™ืœื™ื“ ืืžืจื™ืงื” ื‘ื’ื ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ื™ื ื‘ืืจื”"ื‘

ืžืŸ ื”ืงื ื™ื•ื ื™ื ื”ืžื“ื‘ืจื™ื™ื ื”ืžืกื•ืงืกื™ื ืฉืœ ื“ืจื•ื-ืžืขืจื‘, ื•ืขื“ ืœื˜ืื˜ื ื”ืจื•ื—ื ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื™ืฉื•ืจื™ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื, ื ื•ืคื™ ื”ืงื•ืœื ื•ืข ื”ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืืจืฆื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจื™ืช ืฉื–ื•ืจื™ื ื‘ืฉื•ืจื•ืช ื•ื‘ืžืกื•ืจืช ื”ืฉื‘ื˜ื™ื ื”ืื™ื ื“ื™ืื ื™ื. ืœืžื™ื“ืข ื ื•ืกืฃ ืžืžืงื•ืจ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื‘ืคืืจืงื™ื ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ื™ื ื•ื‘ืืชืจื™ื ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื™ื, ื”ืžื’ื ื™ื ืขืœ ื‘ืชื™ ืฆื•ืงื™ื ืขืชื™ืงื™ื, ืืชืจื™ ืจื™ืงื•ื“ ืจืคืื™ื, ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืžืกื—ืจ ื‘ืžืขืจื‘ ื”ื™ืฉืŸ ื•ืขื•ื“ ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืฉื ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืขื‘ืจ (ื•ืœื”ื•ื•ื”) ืฉืœ ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ืื™ื ื“ื™ืื ื™ืช.

ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ Mesa Verde

ื”ืชื—ืœ ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ืืจื‘ืข ืคื™ื ื•ืช, ืฉื‘ื• ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืงื•ืœื•ืจื“ื•, ื™ื•ื˜ื”, ื ื™ื• ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ื•ืืจื™ื–ื•ื ื” ื ืคื’ืฉื™ื. ื™ื•ืชืจ ื™ืœื™ื“ื™ื ื™ืœื™ื“ื™ื ื—ื™ื™ื ื›ืืŸ ื”ื™ื•ื ืžืืฉืจ ื‘ื›ืœ ืžืงื•ื ืื—ืจ ื‘ืืจื”"ื‘. ื–ื• ื’ื ื”ืžื•ืœื“ืช ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ื ื™ ืื‘ื•ืช ืคื•ืื‘ืœื•ืืŸ, ืฉื‘ื ื• ื“ื™ืจื•ืช ืžืฆื•ืงื™ื ืžืฉื•ื›ืœืœื•ืช ืขืœ ืจืžืช ืงื•ืœื•ืจื“ื• ื‘ื™ืŸ 600 ืœ -1300 ืœืกืคื™ืจื”. ืืชืจ ืžื•ืจืฉืช ืขื•ืœืžื™ืช ืฉืœ ืื•ื ืกืงื•, Mesa Verde National Park ืžืฉืžืจ ืžืขืœ 5,000 ืืชืจื™ื ืืจื›ื™ืื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื™ื ื•ืฆื™ื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืœื™ื“ื™ื pueblos (ื›ืคืจื™ื) ืฉื ื‘ื ื• ื‘ืฆื•ืงื™ื ืื ื›ื™ื™ื ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื™ื ืขืœ ื’ื‘ื™ mesas, ืื• "ืื™ื™ื ื‘ืฉืžื™ื". ืกื™ื•ืจื™ื ืžื•ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืœืกื™ื™ืจื™ื ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ืœืงืœื™ืฃ ืคืืœืืก (Cliff Palace), ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืฆื•ืงื™ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื•ื”ืžืฉื•ืคืฅ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืคืืจืง, ื•ื‘ืžืจืคืกืช ื”ืื•ืก (House House), ืืฉืจ ืชื’ื™ืข ืืœื™ื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื˜ื™ืคื•ืก ืขืœ ืกื•ืœืžื•ืช ืขืฅ ื•ื”ืชืคืชืœื•ืช ื“ืจืš ืžื ื”ืจื•ืช ืฆืจื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืฆื™ืฅ ืืœ ื‘ืŸ 800 ืฉื ื” ืงื™ื‘ื•ืช (ื—ื“ืจื™ื ื˜ืงืกื™ื™ื ืชืช-ืงืจืงืขื™ื™ื).

ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ ืฉืœ ืฆ'ืืงื•

ืฉื‘ื˜ื™ื ืื™ื ื“ื™ืื ื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื ืืœืฆื• ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ืœืืจื‘ืข ืคื™ื ื•ืช ื”ืื–ื•ืจ ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื”ืชืจื—ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžืื” ื” -19. ืื‘ืœ ืื ืฉื™ื ื™ืœื™ื“ื™ื ื›ื‘ืจ ื—ื™ื• ื›ืืŸ ื›ืžืขื˜ ืืœืฃ ืฉื ื™ื ืœืคื ื™ ื‘ื•ืื ืฉืœ ื”ืฆื‘ื ื”ืืžืจื™ืงื ื™ ื•ื—ืœื•ืฆื™ ื”ื‘ื™ืช. ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœื“ืจื•ื-ืžืขืจื‘, ืจืฉืช ืขื ืงื™ืช ืฉืœ ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ืฉื ื‘ื ื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืื‘ื•ืช ืคื•ืื‘ืœื•ืื ื™ื ื”ืงื“ื•ืžื™ื ื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœื” ื›ื•ืœื ืœืขื™ืจ ืฆ'ืืงื•, ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ืคืจื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ืช ืฉื‘ืžืจื›ื– ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ืฆ'ืืงื• ื”ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ืช, ืฉืฉื’ืฉื’ื” ื‘ื™ืŸ 800 ืœ -1,100 ืœืกื”"ื . ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ืืช ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ื”ืœื•ืœืื” ืฉืœ ื”ืคืืจืง ื‘ื™ื•ื, ืœืขืฆื•ืจ ืœืœื›ืช ื“ืจืš ื‘ืชื™ื ืื“ื•ืžื™ื ื ื˜ื•ืฉื™ื ืžื•ื–ืจื™ื ื•ื›ื™ื›ืจื•ืช ื‘ืขื‘ืจ ืคื˜ืจื•ื’ืœื™ืคื™ื ืขืชื™ืงื™ื ื—ืจื•ืช ืœืชื•ืš ืฆื•ืงื™ื ืกืœืขื™ื™ื. ืžืžื•ืงื ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ืžืจื•ื—ืง ืฉืœ ื ื™ื• ืžืงืกื™ืงื•, ืฆ'ืืงื• ื”ื•ื ืื—ื“ ื”ืคืืจืงื™ื ื”ืžื‘ื•ื“ื“ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื“ืจื•ื ืžืขืจื‘, ืฉืžื™ื ื›ื”ื™ื ืฉืœื” ื›ืœ ื›ืš ืจื—ื•ืง ืžื›ืœ ืื•ืจื•ืช ื”ืขื™ืจ ื›ื™ ื–ื” ืžื•ืฉืœื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื›ื•ื›ื‘ ืžื‘ื˜ื•, ืื• ืžืŸ ื”ืžืฆืคื” ืืกื˜ืจื•ื ื•ืžื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืคืืจืง ืื• ืžื—ื ืื•ืช ืฉืœืš.

ืงื ื™ื•ืŸ ื“ื” ืงืืœื™

ื“ื•ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ื ื“ื™ืื ื™ื ื—ื™ืคืฉื• ื›ื™ืกื™ื ื ืกืชืจื™ื ืœื—ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืืจื‘ืข ืคื™ื ื•ืช ื”ืื–ื•ืจ. ืงื ื™ื•ืŸ ื“ื” ืฉืœืœื™ ื”ื•ื ืžืงื•ื ืื—ื“ ื›ื–ื”, ืขื ืžืขื™ื™ื ื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ืฉื ืžืฉื›ื• ืขืชื™ืงื™ื pueblos, ืžื˜ืขื™ ืคื™ืจื•ืช ื•ืฉื“ื•ืช ืชื™ืจืก, ืฉืขื•ืขื™ืช ื•ืกืงื•ื•ืฉ. ืžืื•ื—ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ืชื™ื™ืฉื‘ื• ืื ืฉื™ ื”ื•ืคื™ ื‘ืงื ื™ื•ืŸ, ื•ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืชื™ื• ื ื‘ืื—ื•, ืฉืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืชื’ื•ืจืจื™ื ื›ืืŸ. ื ื™ื”ืœ ื‘ืžืฉื•ืชืฃ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืคืืจืงื™ื ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ื™ื ื•ืืช ื”ืื•ืžื” Navajo, ืงื ื™ื•ืŸ ื“ื” Chelly ื”ืื ื“ืจื˜ื” ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ืช ื”ื™ื ื”ืžืงื•ื ืœื”ืื˜ ื•ืœื—ืคื•ืจ ืขืžื•ืง ืœืชื•ืš ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื•ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื”ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ืช. ืงื— ืกื™ื•ืจ ื—ื–ืจื” ืœืžื“ื™ื ื” 4WD ืขื ืžื“ืจื™ืš Navajo, ืื• ื›ื•ื ืŸ ืขืฆืžืš ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช ืชืฆืคื™ืช ืœืื•ืจืš ืฉืคืช ื”ืงื ื™ื•ืŸ, ื•ืื– ืœื˜ื™ื™ืœ ืœืชื•ืš ื”ืงื ื™ื•ืŸ ื—ืฉืื™ ืขืœ ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืœื‘ืŸ. ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืื—ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืื•ืžื” Navajo, ืœื ืœืคืกืคืก ืืช ื”ืžืฉืžืจ ืฉื ืฉืžืจ ืœื”ืคืœื™ื Hubbell ืžืกื—ืจ ืคื•ืกื˜ ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ ื”ืืชืจ, ืขื ื—ื“ืจ ื”ื™ื•ืงืจืชื™ ืฉืœื” Navajo ืฉื˜ื™ื— ื”ืคื’ื ื•ืช ื”ื™ื•ืžื™ ืฉืœ ื˜ื›ื ื™ืงื•ืช ืืจื™ื’ื” ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ืช.

ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™

ืื ืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืœืจืื•ืช ืื™ืš ื”ืžืขืจื‘ ื”ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ ื ืจืื” ื”ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ื ื”ื™ืœื™ื“ื™ื ื‘ืžืฉืš ืžืื•ืช ืฉื ื™ื ืœืคื ื™ ื›ื•ื—ื•ืช ืฆื‘ื ืืจื”"ื‘ ื•ืžืชื ื—ืœื™ื ื”ื’ื™ืขื•, ืจืืฉ ื”ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช ื”ืฉื—ื•ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ื“ืจื•ื ื“ืงื•ื˜ื”. ื›ืืŸ ืื™ืŸ ืกืคื•ืจ ื”ื•ืœื™ื•ื•ื“ ื”ืžืขืจื‘ื™ ื›ื•ืœืœ ืจื•ืงื“ื™ื ืขื ื–ืื‘ื™ื / ืฆื•ืœืžื•. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื ื•ืฃ ื”ืงื•ืœื ื•ืขื™ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืœื—ืคืฉ ืืช ื”ืคืกื’ื•ืช ื ืฉื—ืง ืžื”ื•ืคื ื˜ ื•ืืช ื”ื™ืฉื‘ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ Badlands. ืจื™ื’ื•ืœ ืขืœ ื‘ื™ื–ื•ืŸ, ืืฉืจ ืคืขื ื›ื™ืกื” ืืช ื”ืžื™ืฉื•ืจื™ื ื‘ืขื“ืจื™ื ืžื™ืœื™ื•ื ื™ ื—ื™ื•ืช ื—ื–ืงื•ืช, ื ืจื“ืฃ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืื™ื ื“ื™ืื ื™ื ื›ืžืงื•ืจ ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื•ื—ื•ืžืจื™ ื’ืœื ืœื‘ื•ืฉ, ืžื—ืกื” ื•ื›ืœื™ ื ืฉืง. ื”ื—ืœืง ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ื•ื ืขืœ ื”ื–ืžื ืช ืจื›ืก ืื•ืจืŸ ืฉืœ Ogala Sioux. ื”ื ื” ืจื™ืงื•ื“ื™ ื”ืจืคืื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื™ื - ื‘ื”ื ื”ื™ืœื™ื“ื™ื ื”ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ื ืจืงื“ื• ื•ื”ืชืคืœืœื• ืœืžืขืŸ ื”ืฉืœื•ื ื ื’ื“ ื”ืžืชืงืคื” ืฉืœ ืžืžืฉืœืช ืืจื”"ื‘ - ื”ืชืจื—ืฉ ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ื”ืžืื” ื” -19. ื–ื” ื’ื ื”ืืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ื˜ื‘ื— ื”ื™ื“ื•ืข ืœืฉืžืฆื” ื‘ืจืš, ื”ืขื™ืžื•ืช ื”ืžื–ื•ื™ืŸ ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื›ื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ืคืจืฉื™ื ืฉืœ ืืจื”"ื‘ ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื™ืœื™ื“ื™ื ื”ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ื, ืืฉืจ ืกื’ืจื” ืืช ื”ื’ื‘ื•ืœ ืœื ืฆื— ื‘ืฉื ืช 1890. ืขืฆื•ืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžืจื›ื– ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื ื”ืจ White Park ื•ืžืจื›ื– ื”ืžื•ืจืฉืช ืฉืœ Red Cloud Indian Heritage ื›ื“ื™ ืœืœืžื•ื“ ืขื•ื“ ืขืœ ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืงื•ืจืขืช ื”ืœื‘ ืฉืœ ื”ืืจืฅ ื”ื–ืืช, ื”ืฆื™ืข ืœืื—ืจื•ื ื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ื”ืฉื‘ื˜ื™ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื‘ืืจื”"ื‘.

ืขืฆื•ืช ื ื™ืžื•ืกื™ ื”ื ื•ืกืข

  • ืฉืืœ ืชื—ื™ืœื” ืœืคื ื™ ืฆื™ืœื•ื ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ื”ืื ืฉื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืกืชื™ื™ื’ื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉื‘ื˜ื™ื•ืช ืื• ืื™ื ื“ื™ืื ื™ื ืขื•ื‘ื“ื™ื ื‘ื’ื ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ื™ื ื•ืืชืจื™ื ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื™ื.
  • ื‘ืืชืจื™ื ืืจื›ื™ืื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื™ื ื•ื‘ืžื“ื‘ืจ, ื ื•ื”ื’ื™ื "ืœื ืœื”ืฉืื™ืจ ืขืงื‘ื•ืช" ืขืงืจื•ื ื•ืช. ืื™ืŸ ืœื’ืขืช, ืœื”ื–ื™ื– ืื• ืœื”ืคืจื™ืข ืœื›ืœ ื—ืคืฅ ืื• ืžื‘ื ื” ืงื™ื™ื. ื“ื•ื•ื— ืขืœ ืชื’ืœื™ื•ืช ื—ื“ืฉื•ืช ืœืคืืจืงื™ื ืื• ืœืฉื‘ื˜ื™ื ืฉื‘ื˜ื™ื™ื.
  • ืชืžื™ื“ ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ืขืœ ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื ืžืจื•ืฆืคื™ื ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืฉื™ืœื•ื˜ ืืœื ืื ื›ืŸ ืžืœื•ื•ื” ืคืืจืง ืื• ืฉื‘ื˜ ืจื™ื™ื ื’ 'ืจ ืื• ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืžื•ืกืžืš ืจืฉืžื™ืช.
  • ืงื ื™ื™ื”, ืžื›ื™ืจื”, ื”ื—ื–ืงื”, ืฆืจื™ื›ืช ืื• ื”ื•ื‘ืœื” ืฉืœ ืืœื›ื•ื”ื•ืœ ื”ื™ื ื‘ืœืชื™ ื—ื•ืงื™ืช ืขืœ ื›ืžื” ื”ื–ืžื ื•ืช ื”ืื™ื ื“ื™ืื ื™ื, ื›ื•ืœืœ ื”ืื•ืžื” Navajo.

ืฉืจื” ื‘ื ืกื•ืŸ ื”ื•ื ืกื•ืคืจ ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช, ื™ื•ืฆืจ ืžื“ื™ื” ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ืช, ื›ืœ ืขื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืฉื ื” ื—ื•ื‘ื‘ื™ื ื ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ ืคืืจืง ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™.ื›ืฉื”ื™ื ืœื ืžืฉื•ื˜ื˜ืช ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ืืกื™ื”, ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก โ€‹โ€‹ื”ืฉืงื˜ ื•ืืžืจื™ืงื”, ื”ื™ื ืขื•ืฉื” ืื•ืชื” ื”ื‘ื™ืชื” ื‘ืงืœื™ืคื•ืจื ื™ื”. ืขืงื•ื‘ ืื—ืจื™ื” ื‘ื˜ื•ื•ื™ื˜ืจ @indie_traveler.

ื”ื—ืœ ื”ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉื™ื ืฉืœืš ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ืืจื‘ืข ืคื™ื ื•ืช ">ื“ืจื•ื ืžืขืจื‘ ืืจื”"ื‘ ืžื“ืจื™ืš, ืœื•ื•ื™ื” ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื”ืจืคืชืงืื•ืช ืฉืœืš.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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