ื•ืจืกืื™ ื“ืงื“ื ื˜ื™

ื•ืจืกืื™ ื“ืงื“ื ื˜ื™

ืฉื‘ืข ืžืื•ืช ื—ื“ืจื™ื, 67 ืžื“ืจื’ื•ืช, 352 ืืจื•ื‘ื•ืช, 2153 ื—ืœื•ื ื•ืช, 6300 ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ื, 2100 ืคืกืœื™ื ื•ืคืกืœื™ื, 15,000 ืชื—ืจื™ื˜ื™ื, 5000 ื—ืคืฆื™ ืืžื ื•ืช ื•ืจื™ื”ื•ื˜ ื“ืงื•ืจื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื™ื, 4.7 ืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื˜ื™ืจื” ืžื“ื™ ืฉื ื”: ืื™ืŸ ืคืœื ืฉื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ื‘ืืจืžื•ืŸ ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกื ื•ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืฆืจืคืช ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื”ืžื. ืฉื™ืฉื” ื™ืžื™ื ื‘ืฉื‘ื•ืข, ื˜ื™ืจื•ืฃ ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ืฆื•ืจื›ืช ืืช ื”ืคืจื‘ืจ ื”ืžืฉื’ืฉื’, ื”ืขืœื™ื ื•ื”ื‘ื•ืจื’ื ื™ ืฉืœ ื•ืจืกืื™, ื”ื•ืŸ ืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™ ื•ืžืงื•ื ืžื•ืฉื‘ื• ืฉืœ ื”ืžืœื•ื›ื” ื”ืžืœื›ื•ืชื™ืช ืžืฉื ืช 1682 ืขื“ 1789, ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืžื•ื ื™ ื”ืžื”ืคื›ื” ื˜ื‘ื—ื• ืืช ืžืฉืžืจ ื”ืืจืžื•ืŸ ื•ื’ืจืจื• ืืช ืœื•ืื™ ื”ืฉื™ืฉื” ืขืฉืจ ื•ืืช ืžืืจื™ ืื ื˜ื•ืื ื˜ ืœืคืจื™ืก ื‘ืกื•ืคื• ืฉืœ ื“ื‘ืจ ื™ืฉ ืœื”ื ืืช ื”ืจืืฉ.

ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ื‘ืชืงื•ืคืช ืฉืœื˜ื•ื ื• ืฉืœ ืžืœืš ื”ืฉืžืฉ ืœื•ืื™ ื”ืืจื‘ืขื” ืขืฉืจ (1643-1715) ื›ื™ ืฉืื˜ื• ื“ื” ื•ืจืกืื™ ื ื‘ื ื”. ื”ืžื™ื•ืขื“ ืœื”ืงื™ืฃ ืืช ื—ืฆืจื• ืฉืœ 6000 ืื™ืฉ, ืืš ื”ื”ื™ืงืฃ ื•ื”ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ื•ืจืกืื™ ืžืฉืงืคื™ื ืœื ืจืง ืืช ื”ื›ื•ื— ื”ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ ืฉืœ ื”ืžืœื•ื›ื” ื”ืฆืจืคืชื™ืช, ืืœื ื’ื ืืช ื˜ืขืžื• ืฉืœ ืœื•ืื™ ื” -14 ืœืžื•ื ื™ื˜ื™ืŸ ื•ืœืชื™ืื‘ื•ืŸ ืžื•ืคืจื–ื™ื ืœื”ืื“ืจื” ืขืฆืžื™ืช. ื”ื•ื ืฉื›ืจ ืืจื‘ืขื” ื’ื‘ืจื™ื ืžื•ื›ืฉืจื™ื ืœืงื—ืช ืขืœ ืขืฆืžื ืืช ื”ืžืฉื™ืžื” ื”ืื“ื™ืจื”: ื”ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœ ืœื•ืื™ืก ืœื” ื•ืื•; ื–'ื•ืœ ื”ืืจื“ื•ื™ืŸ-ืžื ืกืืจื˜, ืฉื”ืฉืชืœื˜ ืขืœ ืœื” ื•ืื• ื‘ืืžืฆืข ืฉื ื•ืช ื” -70; ืฆื™ื™ืจ ื•ืžืขืฆื‘ ื”ืคื ื™ื ืฆ'ืจืœืก ืœื” ื‘ืจื•ืŸ; ื•ืžืขืฆื‘ืช ื”ื ื•ืฃ ืื ื“ืจื” ืœื” ื ื•ื˜ืจ, ืฉืžืชื—ืชื™ื” ื”ื™ื• ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช ืฉืœืžื•ืช, ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืช ืžืจื•ืงื–ื•ืช ื•ื™ืขืจื•ืช ืขื‘ืจื• ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืืช ื”ื’ื ื™ื ื”ืื™ื ืกื•ืคื™ื™ื, ื”ื‘ืจื›ื•ืช ื•ื”ืžื–ืจืงื•ืช ืฉืขื‘ื•ืจืŸ ื™ื“ื•ืขื” ื•ืจืกืื™. ื› -30 ืืœืฃ ืคื•ืขืœื™ื ื•ื—ื™ื™ืœื™ื ืขื‘ื“ื• ืขืœ ื”ืžื‘ื ื”, ื”ื—ืฉื‘ื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืขื‘ื•ืจื ืจื•ืงืŸ ืืช ืงื•ืคืช ื”ืžืžืœื›ื”.

ืžืชื—ื ื”ื˜ื™ืจื” ื”ืขื ืงื™ ืžืชื—ืœืง ืœืืจื‘ืขื” ื—ืœืงื™ื ืขื™ืงืจื™ื™ื: ื‘ื ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ืืจืžื•ืŸ ื‘ืื•ืจืš 580 ืžื˜ืจ, ืขื ื›ื ืคื™ื• ื”ืจื‘ื•ืช, ื”ืื•ืœืžื•ืช ื•ื”ืžื™ื˜ื•ืช ื•ื”ื“ื™ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžืœืš ื•ืฉืœ ื”ืžืœื›ื”; ื”ื’ื ื™ื ื”ืขืฆื•ืžื™ื, ื”ืชืขืœื•ืช ื•ื”ื‘ืจื™ื›ื•ืช ืžืžืขืจื‘ ืœืืจืžื•ืŸ; ืฉื ื™ ืืจืžื•ื ื•ืช ืงื˜ื ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื™ื“ื•ืขื™ื ื‘ืฉื ื’ืจื ื“ ื˜ืจื™ืื ื•ืŸ ื•ืคื˜ื™ื˜ ื˜ืจื™ืื ื•ืŸ; ื•ืืช ื”ืžืื• ื“ื” ืœื” ืจื™ื™ืŸ (ื”ืžืœื›ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžืœื›ื”).

ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ื ืžืขื˜ื™ื ื ืขืฉื• ื‘ื˜ื™ืจื” ืžืื– ื”ืงืžืชื”, ื‘ืจ ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืจื”ื™ื˜ื™ื ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ื™ื ื ืขืœื ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืžื”ืคื›ื” ื•ืจื‘ื™ื ืžื”ื—ื“ืจื™ื ื ื‘ื ื” ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืœื•ืื™ ืคื™ืœื™ืค (R 1830-48), ืืฉืจ ืคืชื— ื—ืœืง ื˜ื™ืจื” ืœืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ 1837. ื”ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช ื”ื ื•ื›ื—ื™ืช 370 ืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ โ‚ฌ ืฉื™ืงื•ื ื”ื•ื ื”ืฉืืคืชื ื™ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื•ืขื“ ืฉื–ื” ื”ื•ืฉืœื ื‘ืฉื ืช 2020 ื—ืœืง ื”ืืจืžื•ืŸ ืฆืคื•ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืœื‘ื•ืฉ ืคื™ื’ื•ืžื™ื ื‘ืขืช ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ.

ืžืคื’ืฉื™ื ืžืคื•ืืจื™ื ื•ืžืจื”ื™ื‘ื™ื - ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ ืงื™ืจ, ืฉื™ืฉ, ืžื•ื–ื”ื‘ื™ื ื•ื—ืคืฆื™ ื ื•ื™, ืขื ื ื•ืฉืื™ื ื•ืกืžืœื™ื ื”ืžื•ืคื™ืขื™ื ื‘ืžื™ืชื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ื”ื™ื•ื•ื ื™ืช ื•ื”ืจื•ืžื™ืช - ื˜ื‘ื—ื™ื ืžื›ืœ ืชืงืจื•ืช, ื›ืจื›ื•ื‘ื™ื, ืชืงืจื•ืช ื•ื“ืœืชื•ืช ื‘ื’ื ื™ ื”ืืจืžื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืจื•ืžื™ ื“ื” ืœื” ืจื™ื™ืŸ(ืงื™ื ื’ืก ื•ื”ืžืœื›ื” ืฉืœ ื“ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื”). ืื‘ืœ ื”ืฉืคืข ืžื’ื™ืข ืœืฉื™ืื•, ื ื•ืฆืฅ, ืžื“ื”ื™ื (ืกื•ืคืจืœื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื ืœื ืžืกืคื™ืง ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื–ื”) ืœืื—ืจื•ื ื” ืฉื•ื—ื–ืจ Galerie des Glaces (ืื•ืœื ืžืจืื•ืช). ื–ื” 75 ืžื˜ืจ ืืจื•ืš ืื•ืœื ื”ื ืฉืคื™ื ืขื 17 ืžืจืื•ืช ืขื ืง ืื—ื“ ื‘ืฆื“ ืžืกืคืจ ืฉื•ื•ื” ืฉืœ ื—ืœื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืฉื ื™ ื™ืฉ ืœืจืื•ืช ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื”ืืžื™ืŸ.

ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื• / ืื• ื—ื•ื‘ื‘ื™ ืืžื ื•ืช ืœื”ื•ื˜ื™ื ืœื”ืชืขืžืง ืขืžื•ืง ืœืชื•ืš ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžืฉืคื˜, ืžื•ืกื™ืงื”, ืœื•ืื™ ื”ื—ืžื™ืฉื” ืขืฉืจ ื•ื”ื“ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืคืจื˜ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ XI ื•ื›ืŸ ื”ืœืื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ืจืฉื ืœืกื™ื•ืจ ื”ืจืฆืื•ืช ืื™ื ืคื•ืจืžื˜ื™ื‘ื™.

ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ืคื•ืจืกื ื‘ืžืงื•ืจ ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ื™ื•ืœื™ 2010. ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ืจืขื ืŸ ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ืื•ื’ื•ืกื˜ 2012.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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