ื”ืฆื“ ื”ืฉื ื™ ืฉืœ ืจื™ื•: ื‘ื•ื”ืžื™ ืกื ื˜ื” ืชืจื–ื”

ื”ืฆื“ ื”ืฉื ื™ ืฉืœ ืจื™ื•: ื‘ื•ื”ืžื™ ืกื ื˜ื” ืชืจื–ื”

ืจื™ื• ื“ื” ื– 'ื ื™ืจื• ื›ื‘ืจ ืžื–ืžืŸ ืงืฉื•ืจ ื”ื—ื•ืคื™ื ื”ืžืคื•ืืจื™ื ืฉืœื”. ืงื•ืคืืงื‘ื ื” ื•ืื™ืคื ืžื” ื”ื‘ื™ืื• ืชื”ื™ืœื” ืœืจื™ื• ื‘ืžืื” ื” -20 ืขืœ ื—ื•ืœื•ืช ื”ื–ื”ื‘ ื•ืขืœ ื”ื”ืจื™ื ื”ืฉื•ืคืขื™ื, ื”ืžื›ื•ืกื™ื ื™ืขืจ. ืขื ื–ืืช, ื”ื’ื“ืจื” ืฉื•ื‘ื” ืœื‘ ืœื ืคื—ื•ืช ืžืžื•ืงืžืช ืžืžืฉ ืžืขืœ ืžืจื›ื– ื”ืขื™ืจ ืจื™ื• ื‘ืฉื›ื•ื ื” ื”ื’ื‘ืขื” ืฉืœ ืกื ื˜ื” ืชืจื–ื”, ืฉื‘ื• ืžื–ื“ืงืŸ ื”ืžืื” ื” -19 ืืจืžื•ื ื•ืช ืจื•ื— ื‘ื•ื”ืžื™ืช ืœื”ืฆื™ืข ืฉื•ื ื” ืžืื•ื“ ืœืงื—ืช ืขืœ ืขืฆืžื• civade maravilhosa (ืขื™ืจ ื ืคืœืื”).

ืขืœ ืฉื ื”ืžื ื–ืจ ื”ื›ืจืžืœื™ื˜ื™ ืฉื ื•ืกื“ ื‘ืฉื ื•ืช ื” -1750, ืกื ื˜ื” ื˜ืจื–ื” ื ื•ืชืจื” ื‘ืœืชื™ ื ื’ื™ืฉื” ืขื“ ืฉื ื•ืช ื” -80, ื›ืฉื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ื—ื“ืฉื™ื ื—ื™ื‘ืจื• ืื•ืชื” ืœืฉื›ื•ื ืช ื”ืžืคืจืฅ ืฉืœ ื’ืœื•ืจื™ื” ื•ืœืžื—ื•ื–ื•ืช ืกืžื•ื›ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื. ืขื“ 1880, ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ืฉื˜ื— ืฉืœ ื—ื•ื•ืช ืžืคื•ื–ืจื™ื ื•ื™ืขืจื•ืช unramrameled ืฉื”ื™ื• ืžืงืœื˜ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืขื‘ื“ื™ื ื‘ื•ืจื—. ืื– ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ื”ืžืื” ื” -19 ืืช ื”ืฆืžื™ื—ื” ื”ืžื•ืืฆืช ืฉืœ ืชืขืฉื™ื™ืช ื”ืงืคื” ื“ืœืงื• ื‘ื•ื ื‘ื ื™ื™ื” ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ืจื™ื•, ืขื ืชืขืฉื™ื™ื ื™ื ืขืฉื™ืจื™ื ื”ืงืžืช ืืจืžื•ื ื•ืช ืขื ืงื™ื™ื ืกื ื˜ื” ืชืจื–ื”. ื”ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ืžืจื™ื ื‘ -1896, ื›ืืฉืจ ืืžืช ื”ืžื™ื ื”ืจื•ืžื™ืช ืฉื”ื‘ื™ืื” ืžื™ื ืœืžืจื›ื– ื”ืขื™ืจ ื ื”ืคื›ื” ืœืžืกื™ืœื” ืœื—ืฉืžืœื™ืช ื”ื—ืฉืžืœื™ืช ื”ื—ื“ืฉื” ืฉืœ ืจื™ื•, ื‘ื•ื ื“ื”.

ื”ื™ื•ื ืฆื”ื•ื‘ ืžื•ื–ืจ ื‘ื•ื ื“ื” - ื”ื—ืฉืžืœื™ืช ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื” ืฉืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืคื•ืขืœืช ื‘ืจื™ื• - ืžืžืฉื™ื›ื” ืœืจื•ืฅ ืขืœ ื”ืืžื” ื”ื™ืฉื ื” (ื›ื™ื•ื ื ืงืจืืช "ืงืฉืชื•ืช ืœืืคื”") ื•ืคื•ืจืฆืช ื‘ื“ืจื›ื” ืœืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืžืจื•ืฆืคื™ื ืฉืœ ืกื ื˜ื” ื˜ืจื–ื”. ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ื“ืจืš, ืจื•ื›ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื—ืฉืžืœื™ืช, ืœืคืขืžื™ื ื ืื—ื–ื™ื ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื ื™ืงืจื™ื, ื ื“ื—ืงื™ื ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ืื—ื•ื–ื” ื”ื™ืฉื ื” - ื—ืœืงื ืžืฉื•ื—ื–ืจื™ื ืœื”ืคืœื™ื ื•ืื—ืจื™ื ืžืชืคื•ืจืจื™ื, ืฉืจื™ื“ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืืคื•ืง. ืœืื—ืจ ื™ืžื™ ื”ื‘ื•ื ืฉืœื”, ืกื ื˜ื” ืชืจื–ื” ื ืคืœ ืœืชื•ืš ื”ื”ื–ื ื—ื”, ื›ืืฉืจ ืฉืœ ืจื™ื• ืคืื‘ืœืก (ืฉื›ื•ื ื•ืช ืขื•ื ื™) ื”ืชืคืฉื˜ ืขืœ ื”ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช ื”ืกืžื•ื›ื•ืช ื•ื”ืคืฉืข ื”ืกื™ืข ืืช ื”ืขืฉื™ืจื™ื ืœืฉื›ื•ื ื•ืช ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ื•ืช ื”ืจื—ืง ืžืžืจื›ื– ื”ืขื™ืจ.

ื‘ืฉื ื•ืช ื” -60 ื•ื” -70 ืขื‘ืจื• ืืžื ื™ื, ืกื•ืคืจื™ื ื•ืžื•ืกื™ืงืื™ื ืœืื–ื•ืจ ื”ืจืขื•ืข, ืžืฉื—ื–ืจื™ื ื—ืœืง ืžื‘ืชื™ ื”ื”ื–ื“ืงื ื•ืช ื•ื ื•ืฉืžื™ื ื—ื™ื™ื ื—ื“ืฉื™ื ืœืฉื›ื•ื ื”. ื”ื ืคืชื—ื• ืื•ืœืคื ื™ื ื•ืืจื—ื• ืื™ืจื•ืขื™ื ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื™ื™ื - ืชื™ืคื•ืฃ ืืคืจื•-ื‘ืจื–ื™ืœืื™ ื‘ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช, ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ืืžื ื•ืชื™ื™ื - ืฉื”ืขื ื™ืงื• ืœืžื•ื ื™ื˜ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืžื•ื ื™ื˜ื™ืŸ ืฉืœื• ื›ืื–ื•ืจ ืชื•ืกืก ืืš ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืขืฆื‘ื ื™. ื”ื™ื•ื ืžืžืฉื™ื›ื” ื”ื”ืชื—ื“ืฉื•ืช - ืื ื›ื™ ืขื ื™ืขื“ื™ื ืคื™ืกืงืœื™ื™ื ื•ืœื ืืžื ื•ืชื™ื™ื - ื›ืžื• ืžืกืคืจ ื’ื“ืœ ื•ื”ื•ืœืš ืฉืœ ืžืœื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ื•ื˜ื™ืง ืื•ืคื ืชื™ ืœืคืชื•ื— ืืช ื”ื“ืœืชื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื.

ื‘ืžืงื‘ื™ืœ, ืกื ื˜ื” ืชืจื–ื” ื”ืฆืœื™ื—ื” ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจื” ื”ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ืช, ื”ื›ืคืจื™ืช ืฉืœื”. ืœืจื’ื• ื“ื•ืก ื’ื•ื™ืžืืจืืก, ื›ื™ื›ืจ ืงื˜ื ื” ืฉื‘ื” ื‘ื•ื ื“ื” ืžืคืกื™ืง, ื”ื•ื ื”ืœื‘ ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ืงื˜ื ื” ืกื ื˜ื” ืชืจื–ื”. Largo ื”ื•ื ื ืงื•ื“ืช ืžืคื’ืฉ ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื›ืžื” ืชื”ืœื•ื›ื•ืช ืจื—ื•ื‘ ืงืจื ื‘ืœ ื”ืื”ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืจื™ื•. ืžื›ืืŸ, ื–ื”ื• ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืงืฆืจ ืœืืจื•ื—ื•ืช ืื›ื™ืœื” ื•ืฉืชื™ื™ื” ืื•ื”ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื•ื”ืžื™ื”, ื›ืžื• ื‘ืจ ื“ื• ืžื™ื ื™ืจื• (Bar do Mineiro), ืžืงื•ื ืžื•ืขื“ืฃ ืžืงื•ืžื™, ื”ืžื’ื™ืฉ ืžืื›ืœื™ื ืงืœืืกื™ื™ื ืžื”ืžื˜ื‘ื— ื”ื‘ืจื–ื™ืœืื™ ื”ืงืœืืกื™. ืžืกืขื“ื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช, ื›ืžื• ืืกืคื™ืจื™ื˜ื• ืกื ื˜ื” (Espirito Santa), ืืฉืจ ืžื’ื™ืฉื” ืžื ื•ืช ืžืŸ ื”ืืžื–ื•ื ืก, ื›ื•ืœืœื•ืช ื˜ืจืกื•ืช ืžืจื•ื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ืžืฉืงื™ืคื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ. ื‘ืงืจื‘ืช ืžืงื•ื ื ืžืฆืื•ืช ื—ื ื•ื™ื•ืช ืžืœืื›ืช ื™ื“, ืงื•ืžืฅ ื’ืœืจื™ื•ืช ื•ื—ื ื•ืช ืžื›ื•ืœืช ื–ืขื™ืจื”, ืฉืฉืจื“ื” ืืช ื”ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ื ื”ืจื‘ื™ื ื‘ืฉื›ื•ื ื” ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ืฉื ื™ื.

ื‘ืžืจื—ืง ืฉืœ 10 ื“ืงื•ืช ื”ืœื™ื›ื” ืžื”ืžืœื•ืŸ ื‘ื•ื ื“ื” ื”ื ืฉื ื™ื™ื ืžื”ืื˜ืจืงืฆื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื›ื•ื ื”. ื”ืคืืจืง ื“ืืก ืจื•ืื™ื ืืก ืžื›ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ืงื•ื ื›ื™ื™ื” ื”ืฉืจื•ืคื” ืฉืœ ื”ืื—ื•ื–ื” ืฉืœ ื™ื•ืจืฉืช ื‘ืจื–ื™ืœ, ืœื•ืจื™ื ื“ื” ืกื ื˜ื•ืก ืœื•ื‘ื•, ืฉื‘ื™ืชื” ื”ื™ื” ืกืœื•ืŸ ืœืืžื ื™ื ื•ืœืื™ื ื˜ืœืงื˜ื•ืืœื™ื ืฉืœ ืจื™ื• ื‘ืฉื ื•ืช ื”ืขืฉืจื™ื ื•ื”ืฉืœื•ืฉื™ื. ืžืฉืžืืœ ื—ื•ืจื‘ื•ืช, ืœื‘ื ื™ื ืœื‘ื ื™ื ื™ืฉ ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ ืžืชื›ืช ื›ื™ ืœืขืœื•ืช ืœื›ื™ืคื” ืขื ื ื•ืคื™ื ื™ืคื™ื ืขืœ ืžืคืจืฅ ื’ื•ืื ืื‘ืจื” ื•ืžืจื›ื– ื”ืขื™ืจ ืจื™ื•. ืœื™ื“ ื”ื“ืœืช ื ืžืฆืืช ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืฆ'ืืงืจื” ื“ื• ืฆ'ื• (Museu Chacara do Ceu), ืขื ืื•ืกืฃ ืงื˜ืŸ ืฉืœ ื™ืฆื™ืจื•ืช ืืžื ื•ืช, ืืš ื’ื ืžืื•ืจื’ืŸ ื”ื™ื˜ื‘, ื›ื•ืœืœ ื™ืฆื™ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืืžืŸ ื”ื‘ืจื–ื™ืœืื™ ื”ื ื•ื“ืข ื“ื™ ืงืื‘ืœืงื ื˜ื™ (Di Cavalcanti) ื•ืžืื•ืจื•ืช ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ื•ืช ื›ืžื• ืžืื˜ื™ืก ื•ืžื™ืจื• (Matisse & Miró). ื”ื’ื ื™ื ืฉื•ืคืขื™ื ืœืกืคืง ื ืกื™ื’ื” ืžืคื•ืงืคืงืช ืžืŸ ื”ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื”ื—ืžื™ื ืœืžื˜ื”.

ืžืขืฉื™ื•ืช

ืจืฉืช ืœื™ื ื” ื•ืืจื•ื—ืช ื‘ื•ืงืจ Cama e Café ืžืฆื™ืขื” ื—ื•ื•ื™ื” ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ืช ืฉืœ ืœื™ืœื”. ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ ื—ื“ืจื™ื ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœื‘ืชื™ื”ื - ื—ืœืงื ืžืžื•ืงืžื™ื ืขืชื™ืง ืžืœื ืงื•ืœื•ื ื™ืืœื™ ืืจืžื•ื ื•ืช ืขื ื’ื ื™ื ืื™ื“ื™ืœื™ื™ื. ื–ื•ื’ื•ืช ืž R $ 110 (£ 42).

ืžืœื•ืŸ ืกื ื˜ื” ื˜ืจื–ื” ื”ื•ื ืื—ื“ ืžืžืœื•ื ื•ืช ื”ื‘ื•ื˜ื™ืงื™ื ื”ืžืฉื•ื‘ื—ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืจื™ื•, ืขื ื—ื“ืจื™ื ืžืขื•ืฆื‘ื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืืžื ื•ืชื™ืช, ืžืกืขื“ื” ืขื˜ื•ืจืช ืคืจืกื™ื, ืกืคื ื‘ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ืžืœื, ื‘ืจ ืžืกื•ื’ื ืŸ ื•ื‘ืจื™ื›ื” ืขื ื ื•ืคื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ. ื–ื•ื’ื•ืช ืž R $ 750 (£ 284).

ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ืคื•ืจืกื ื‘ืžืงื•ืจ ื‘ืคื‘ืจื•ืืจ 2011. ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ืจืขื ืŸ ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ืื•ื’ื•ืกื˜ 2012.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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