ื”ื”ื ืื•ืช ื”ืจื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืคืืจืง ืฉืขืจ ื”ื–ื”ื‘

ื”ื”ื ืื•ืช ื”ืจื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืคืืจืง ืฉืขืจ ื”ื–ื”ื‘

ื‘ื›ืœ ืคืขื ืฉืžืฉื”ื• ื”ื•ื ื‘ืœืชื™ ืืคืฉืจื™, ืกืŸ ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื ื™ื ื ืจืื” ื ื—ื•ืฉ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื–ื”, ื• Golden Gate Park ื”ื•ื ื”ื•ื›ื—ื” ื—ื™ื”. ื‘ืฉื ืช 1866, ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื” ืงื“ื™ืžื” ืื–ืจื—ื™ื ืกืŸ ืคืจื ืฆื™ืกืงื ื™ื ืขืชืจื• ื”ืขื™ืจื™ื™ื” ื‘ืฉื ืช 1865 ืขื ื“ืจื™ืฉื” ื‘ืœืชื™ ืืคืฉืจื™ืช: ืœื”ืคื•ืš 1017 ื“ื•ื ื ืฉืœ ื“ื™ื•ื ื•ืช ื—ื•ืœ ืœืชื•ืš ืคืืจืง. ื”ืจืขื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืคื™ื›ืช ืฉื˜ื— ื›ื” ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืœ ืื“ืžื” ื—ื•ืœื™ืช ืœืžื™ื–ื ื™ืจื•ืง ืืคื™ืœื• ื”ืคื—ื™ื“ ืืช ื”ืžืขืฆื‘ ืฉืœ ืคืืจืง ืกื ื˜ืจืœ ืคืืจืง, ืคืจื“ืจื™ืง ืœืื• ืื•ืœืžืกื˜ื“, ื‘ื ื™ื• ื™ื•ืจืง. ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื–ืืช ื”ื™ื” ืžื”ื ื“ืก ืกืŸ ืคืจื ืฆื™ืกืงืื ื™ ืฆืขื™ืจ, ื•ืืžื™ืฅ, ื•ื™ืœื™ืื ื”ืืžื•ื ื“ ื”ื•ืœ, ืฉื ื˜ืœ ืขืœ ืขืฆืžื• ืืช ื”ืคืจื•ื™ืงื˜ ื‘ืŸ 20 ื”ืฉื ื™ื.

ื›ืื™ื“ื™ืืœื™ืกื˜ื™ ื‘ืŸ ื” -24, ื”ื•ืœ ื“ื’ืœ ื‘ืžืืžืฅ ื•ื‘ื™ืœื” ืืช ืฉื ื™ ื”ืขืฉื•ืจื™ื ื”ื‘ืื™ื ื‘ืžืื‘ืง ืžืชืžื™ื“ ื ื’ื“ ืžืคืชื—ื™ ืงื–ื™ื ื•, ืžืื™ืฆื™ ืคืืจืงื™ ื ื•ืฉื ื•ืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™ืงืื™ื ื—ืœืงืœืงื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืžืคื•ืชื— ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ืขื•ืœื - ืื•ืœืžืกื˜ื“ ืื—ื“.

ืคืืจืง ื’ื•ืœื“ืŸ ื’ื™ื™ื˜ ื ื—ืฉืฃ ื‘ืฉื ืช 1886, ื•ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉืกืŸ ืคืจื ืฆื™ืกืงืื ื™ื ืžื—ื–ื™ืงื™ื ื™ืงืจื™ื ื ืžืฆื ื‘ืคืืจืง ืฉืœ ื’ื•ืœื“ืŸ ื’ื™ื™ื˜ ื‘ -1.5 ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจ: ืจื•ื—ื•ืช ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ื•ืช, ืžื•ืกื™ืงื” ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ืช, ืคืจื™ืกื‘ื™, ืžื—ืื•ืช, ืืžื ื•ืช, ื‘ื•ื ืกืื™ ื•ืคื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ืŸ ืžืงืจื™ื—.

ื™ืžื™ื ืฉื˜ื•ืคื™ ืฉืžืฉ ื”ื‘ื™ืื• ื—ืžื™ืฉื™ืช ืžืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื™ืช ื”ืขื™ืจ ืœืคืืจืง ืฉืœื”ื, ืชื•ืš ื”ืชืขืœืžื•ืช ืžื”ืขื™ืชื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืขื™ืชื•ื ืื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ, ื›ื™ ืกืคืกืœื™ ื”ื ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื” ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœ"ื—ื™ื‘ื•ืง ื™ืชืจ ".

ื—ื™ื‘ื•ืง ื ืฉืืจ ืกื›ื ื” ืžืชืžื“ืช ื‘ืคืืจืง ื”ืจื•ืžื ื˜ื™, ืžืชื•ืš ืชืฆื•ื’ื•ืช ื”ืฉืงื™ืขื” ืœื™ื“ ื˜ื—ื ื•ืช ืจื•ื— ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืกื™ื•ืช ืงื™ืฉื•ื˜ื™ื•ืช ืืœ ื”ื™ืคื™ ื”ื™ืœ, ืฉื‘ื• ืžืขื’ืœ ืชื•ืฃ ื™ื•ืžื™ ืขื•ืฉื” ืืช ื”ืืชื’ืจ ื”ืงื‘ื•ืข ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœื• ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืคืขื™ืœ ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืืช ืงื™ืฅ ื”ืื”ื‘ื”. ื”ืคืืจืง ืขื•ื“ื›ืŸ ืžืื– 19ื” ื‘ืžืื” ื” -19 - ื”ื›ืคืจ 'ืืกืงื™ืžื•' ื”ืžื–ื•ืจื’ื’ ื ืขืœื, ื•ื”ืงื•ื ืกืจื‘ื˜ื•ืจื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืคืจื—ื™ื ื”ื•ืกืžืš ืœืื—ืจื•ื ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืฆืžื—ื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ืจืคื™ื ืžืชืงืจืจื™ื - ืื ื›ื™ ืื ื‘ื›ืœืœ, ื”ืคืืจืง ื ืขืฉื” ืืคื™ืœื• ืคื—ื•ืช ืžืื•ืœืฃ.

ื–ื•ื›ื” ืคืจืก ืคืจื™ืฆืงืจ ื–ื•ื›ื” ื‘ืคืจืก ื”ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœ ืจื ืฆื• ืคืกื ืชืจ 2008, ื”ื™ื•ืงืจืชื™, ื”ืืงื“ืžื™ื” ืœืžื“ืขื™ื ืฉืœ ืงืœื™ืคื•ืจื ื™ื”, ื‘ืชื™ื ืคื™ื™ืจ ืคื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ืŸ ื• 38,000 ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืžื•ื–ืจื™ื ื•ื ืคืœืื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืชื—ืช "ื’ื’ ื—ื™" ืฉืœ ืคืจื—ื™ ื‘ืจ ืงืœื™ืคื•ืจื ื™ื”. ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœืงื•ื ืฆืจื˜ ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืงื” ืฉื‘ื• ืžืชื ืคื—ื™ื ืœื™ื ื“ืจื™ื ื‘ื™ืžื™ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื”ื•ื ืขื•ื“ ืžื‘ืงืจ: ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ MH ื“ื” ื™ืื ื’, ืื•ืกืฃ ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ ืฉืœ ืืžื ื•ืช ื•ืžืœืื›ื•ืช ื‘ื‘ื•ื ืงืจ ืžืฆื•ืคื” ื ื—ื•ืฉืช ืžืœื•ื˜ืฉ ืฉืœ ื”ืจืฆื•ื’ ื•ืžื•ืจื•ืŸ, ืฉืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื”ื•ื ืžื—ื•ืžืฆืŸ ื‘ืฆื‘ืข ื™ืจื•ืง ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืชืื™ื ืœืคืืจืง.

ื”ืคืจื•ืข ื›ืžื• ืฉื”ื•ื, ื”ืคืืจืง ื™ืฉ ืจื’ืขื™ื ืžื”ื•ืจื”ืจื™ื ืฉืœื•. ื”ืื™ืžืคืจื™ืืœ ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ืžืžื•ืจื™ืืœ ื’ืจื•ื‘ ืžืฆื™ืข ื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืžื ื—ื, ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื”ืขืžื“ื” ืฉืœ ืขืฆื™ ื”ืกืงื” ื”ื™ืฉืŸ ื‘ Strybing Arboretum ืื™ื“ื™ืืœื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžื“ื™ื˜ืฆื™ื” ืœืคื ื™ ืงืจื‘ ืขื– ื‘ืžื•ืขื“ื•ืŸ ื‘ืื•ืœื™ื ื’ ืœื•ืŸ. ื”ืฆืขื•ืช ื•ื™ืงื ื™ื•ืช ื ืขืฉื•ืช ืขืœ ืฉืจื™ื“ื™ ื”ืฉื™ืฉ ืฉืœ ืžื ื–ืจ ืกืคืจื“ื™ ืžืื—ื•ืจื™ ื™ื”ืœื•ื ื‘ื™ื™ืกื‘ื•ืœ, ื•ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื™ืชืจ ืขืœ ื”ืžื™ื“ื” ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื™ื”ื ื•ืช ืจื’ืข ืฉืœ ื–ืŸ ื‘ื’ืŸ ื”ืชื” ื”ื™ืคื ื™.

ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ืคื•ืจืกื ื‘ืžืงื•ืจ ื‘ื™ื•ื ื™ 2010. ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ืจืขื ืŸ ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ืื•ื’ื•ืกื˜ 2012.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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