ืžื“ืจื™ื“ ื•ืืžื ื•ืช ื”ื˜ืืคืืก

ืžื“ืจื™ื“ ื•ืืžื ื•ืช ื”ื˜ืืคืืก

ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื ืืžืจ ื›ื™ ืžื“ืจื™ื“ ื”ื™ื ื”ืกืคืจื“ื™ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืขืจื™ ืกืคืจื“. ื•ื‘ืฉื•ื ืคื ื™ื ื•ืื•ืคืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื–ื” ื ื›ื•ืŸ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืืฉืจ ื‘ืžื˜ื‘ื— ื”ืขื™ืจ.

ื›ืฉื”ืžืœืš ืคืœื™ืคื” ื”ืฉื ื™ ื‘ื—ืจ ื‘ืžืคืชื™ืข ื‘ืžื“ืจื™ื“ ื›ื‘ื™ืจืชื” ืฉืœ ืกืคืจื“ ื‘ืฉื ืช 1561, ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ื™ืชื” ืžืื—ื– ืคืจื•ื‘ื™ื ืฆื™ืืœื™ ืžื–ื•ื”ื, ืฉื”ืžื˜ื‘ื— ืฉืœื• ื ื•ืขื“ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื—ื–ืง ืืช ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ื” ืžืคื ื™ ื—ื•ืจืคื™ื ืงืจื™ื ืขื“ ื›ื“ื™ ื›ืš ืฉื”ืžืกื•ืจืช ืฉืœ ืžืฆื•ื™ื ื•ืช ืงื•ืœื™ื ืืจื™ืช. ื‘ืžืื•ืช ื”ืฉื ื™ื ืฉืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ, ื›ืฉื”ืกืคืจื“ื™ื ื”ื™ื’ืจื• ืœืขื™ืจ - ืชื—ื™ืœื” ื–ืจื–ื™ืฃ, ืื—ืจ ื›ืš ืžื‘ื•ืœ - ื—ื™ืคืฉื• ืืช ื”ื”ื–ื“ืžื ื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉื”ื’ื™ืขื• ืžืงื™ืจื‘ื” ืœื—ืฆืจ ื”ืžืœื›ื•ืชื™ืช ื”ืžืชืคืชื—ืช, ื”ื ื ืฉืื• ืื™ืชื ืžืชื›ื•ื ื™ื ื•ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ืžื›ืœ ืคื™ื ื” ื‘ืกืคืจื“, ื•ื”ื•ืกื™ืคื• ืขื•ืžืง ื˜ืขื ื”ืžื˜ื‘ื— ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™. ืชื•ืš ื›ื“ื™ ื›ืš ื”ืคื›ื• ืืช ืžื“ืจื™ื“ ืœืื—ื“ ืžื‘ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืงื•ืœื™ื ืจื™ื” ื‘ืื™ืจื•ืคื”.

ืžืื•ืช ืฉื ื™ื ืžืื•ื—ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื˜ืืคืืก - ืืœื” ื‘ื’ื•ื“ืœ ื‘ื™ืก ื‘ื’ื•ื“ืœ morsels ื”ืžืฉืžืฉื™ื ื“ื’ืžื™ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžื˜ื‘ื— ื”ืกืคืจื“ื™ - ื”ื ืฉื ืžื•ื ื™ื˜ื™ืŸ ืฉืœ ืžื“ืจื™ื“ ืžืฆื•ื™ื ื•ืช ืงื•ืœื™ื ืจื™ืช ื”ื•ื ื ื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื•ื›ืœ ื›ืš ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ ื”ื•ื ื”ืžืกื•ืจืช ืฉืœ 'ื˜ื™ืจ"(ืœืฆืืช ื˜ืืคืืก) ื‘ืžื“ืจื™ื“ ื›ื™ ื–ื” ื ื—ืฉื‘ ื›ืžืขื˜ ื›ืžื• ืขื™ืกื•ืง ืžื“ืจื™ืœื™ื ื•ืก.

ื‘ื™ืŸ ื—ื•ื‘ื‘ื™ ื”ื˜ืืคื ื”ื ื‘ื—ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื“ืจื™ื“, ื”ืกื•ื“ ืœื™ื”ื ื•ืช ืžืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ื”ื˜ืืคืืก ื”ืืคืฉืจื™ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื•ื ืœื—ืคืฉ ืืช ื”ืžื•ืžื—ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ื‘ืจ, ืœืฉื˜ื•ืฃ ืื•ืชื• ืขื ืžืฉืงื” (ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ื›ื•ืก ื™ื™ืŸ ื˜ื—ืงื•ืœื™ ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื‘ืŸ ื‘ื”ื™ืจ, ืกื™ื™ื“ืจ ืžืืกื˜ื•ืจื™ืืก ืื• ืฉืจื™ ืž Andalucía), ื•ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ืœืกืจื’ืœ ื”ื‘ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื›ื•ืœื• ืฉื•ื‘.

ื‘ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื–ื” ืœืขื‘ื•ื“, ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืžืกืคืจ ืฉืœ ื˜ืืคืืก ื‘ืจื™ื ื‘ืกืžื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ืช ืžื“ืจื™ื“ ื‘ืืจื™ื• ืฉืœ La Latina ื•ืืช ื”ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืžืงื™ืคื™ื ืืช ืจืืฉ ื”ืขื™ืจ ืคืœืื–ื” ืœืžืœื ืืช ื”ื“ืจื™ืฉื” ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืžื•ืฉืœืžืช.

ืžื•ืงื“ ื—ื“ืฉ ืฉืœ ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื˜ืืคืืก ื”ืžืชืคืชื—ืช ื›ืœ ื”ื–ืžืŸ ื‘ืžื“ืจื™ื“ ื”ื•ื Mercado de San Miguel, ืฉื•ืง ืื•ื•ืจื™ืจื™, ื‘ืชื—ื™ืœืช ื”ืžืื” ื” -20, ื”ื ื™ืชืŸ ื‘ื‘ืจื–ืœ ื•ื–ื›ื•ื›ื™ืช, ื•ืฉื•ืคืฅ ืœืื—ืจื•ื ื” ืœืืคืงื˜ ืžื“ื”ื™ื. ื”ื“ื•ื›ื ื™ื ืฉืžื•ื›ืจื™ื ืชื•ืฆืจืช ื˜ืจื™ื™ื” ื”ื•ื—ืœืคื• ื‘ืžืจื—ื‘ ื ื™ื•ืื ืกื™ ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืฉื‘ื• ื‘ืจื™ื ื‘ืกื’ื ื•ืŸ ืžืขื“ื ื™ื™ื” ืขื ืฉืจืคืจืคื™ื ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ืคืจื•ืกื•ืช ื“ืงื™ืงื•ืช ืฉืœ ืจืงื™ืงื™ื jamón, ื˜ื•ืกื˜ื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื ืขื ืคื™ืจื•ืช ื™ื ื•ืžื ื•ืช, ืงื˜ื ื•ืช ื•ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช, ืฉืœ ืฆื“ืคื•ืช.

ืืžื ื ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืคืชื” ืœื‘ืœื•ืช ืื—ืจ ืฆื”ืจื™ื™ื ืฉืœื ื‘ืฉื•ืง, ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื–ืืช ืงืื–ื” ืจื•ื•ืœื˜ื”, ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœ ื‘ืจ ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืงืจื•ืช ืจืง ื‘ืกืคืจื“. ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ื–ื” ืœื ื”ืฉืชื ื” ื‘ืžืฉืš ืขืฉืจื•ืช ืฉื ื™ื ืžืกืคืง ืืช ืฆื•ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจ ืฆื•ื•ืช ืœืฆืขื•ืง ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ืฉืžืข ืžืขืœ ื”ื”ืžื•ืœื” ื”ื•ื ืคืกืงื•ืœ ืฉืœ ื˜ืืคืืก ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืžื“ืจื™ื“ ืฉืœ ืžื˜ื•ื’ืŸ ืขืžื•ืง ื‘ืงืืœืื• (ื‘ึผึทืงึธืœึธื”). ื‘ืจื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืžื“ืจื™ื“ ืœืฉืจืช bacalao, ืื‘ืœ ืžืขื˜ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืชืคืืจ ื”ื‘ืขืœื™ื octogenarian ืฉืžื‘ืœื” ืืช ื”ื‘ื•ืงืจ ืฉืœื• ืœื”ืกื™ืจ ื›ืœ ืขืฆื ืื—ืช, ืœื ืžืฉื ื” ื›ืžื” ืงื˜ืŸ.

ืžืžืฉื™ื›ื™ื ื”ืœืื”, ื”ืคืขื ืœืื•ืจืš ืงืฉืช ื™ืžื™ ื”ื‘ื™ื ื™ื™ื ื”ื™ื Calle de la Cava ื‘ืื—ื” - ืืฉืจ ืขื•ืงื‘ ืืช ื”ืžืกืœื•ืœ ื”ื—ื“ ืคืขืžื™ ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืžื•ืช ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ืžืชืžืฉื›ืช ืฉืœ ืžื“ืจื™ื“ - ืืชื” ืขื•ื‘ืจ ื˜ืคืืก ืกื•ืจื’ื™ื ื‘ื›ืœ ืฆืขื“; ืื ื‘ืžื“ืจื™ื“ ื™ืฉ ืจื—ื•ื‘ ืžื•ืขื“ืฃ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื˜ืืคืืก, ื–ื” ืื—ื“. ืžืžืฉ ืžืขื‘ืจ, ื‘ื˜ื•ื•ื— ื”ืจืื™ื™ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืงืฆื” ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืจื—ื•ื‘, ื”ื—ื–ื™ืช ื”ืกื’ื•ืœื” ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืื ืืœื•ืงื” ืžืกืชื™ืจื” ืืช ืžื” ืฉืจื‘ื™ื ืžื”ื ืžื“ืจื™ืœื™ื ื•ืก ืœืฉืงื•ืœ ืืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืžื“ืจื™ื“ ื˜ื•ืจื˜ื™ื” ื“ื” ืคืื˜ืืก (ื—ื‘ื™ืชื” ืชืคื•ื—ื™ ืื“ืžื”) - ืื™ืŸ ื”ื™ืฉื’ ืงื˜ืŸ ื‘ืขื™ืจ ื–ื• ืฉื‘ื” ื”ืคืจืก ื”ื•ื ื˜ืขืŸ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื›ืœ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื Apuela (ืกึทื‘ืชึธื). ืื ืืชื” ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขื–ื•ื‘ ืœืขื–ื•ื‘, ืืช ื”ืงื™ืฉื•ืื™ื ืขื˜ื•ืฃ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื‘ืงืœื”, ืคืœืคืœ ืื“ื•ื ื‘ืฆืœ ื”ื•ื ื‘ื‘ืช ืื—ืช artful ื•ื˜ืขื™ื ืžืื•ื“.

ืื ื™ืฉ ืฆื•ืจืš ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืื• ืžืฉื”ื• ืงืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื•ื ื‘ืกื“ืจ, ืœืœื›ืช ืืœ ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืขืฉื™ืจ Paseo del Prado ืฉื‘ื• Estado Puro (ืคืœืื–ื” ื“ืœ Cánovas ื“ืœ Castillo 4) ื”ื•ื ืกื™ื•ื ืžื•ืฉืœื. ืฉื™ืง ืขื ืžืชื›ื•ื ื™ื ื‘ื”ืฉืจืืช ืืœ Bulli - ื‘ืžืฉืš ืฉื ื™ื ื”ืฆื‘ื™ืขื• ื”ืžืกืขื“ื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืžื™ืœื” ื‘ ื ื™ืกื•ื™ ื’ืกื˜ืจื•ื ื•ืžื™ - Estado ืคื•ืจื• ืžืคื•ืจืกื ืžืขืœ ืœื›ืœ ืขืœ ื”ื˜ื•ืจื™ืœื” ืฉืœื” española siglo XXI (ื”ืžืื” ื” -21 ื—ื‘ื™ืชื” ืกืคืจื“ื™ืช), ืืฉืจ ืžื•ื’ืฉ ื‘ื›ื•ืก.

ื•ืœืืŸ ืœืœื›ืช ืžื›ืืŸ? ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ืืœ Museo del Prado ืื• ื™ืฉืจ ืœืžื™ื˜ื” ืœืกื™ื™ืกื˜ื” ื™ืฉ ืฉืชื™ ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื ื”ื“ืจื•ืช ื‘ืงืจื‘ ืจื‘ื™ื.

ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ืคื•ืจืกื ื‘ืžืงื•ืจ ื‘ื ื•ื‘ืžื‘ืจ 2010. ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ืจืขื ืŸ ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ืื•ื’ื•ืกื˜ 2012.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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