ืžืชื—ืช ืœืจื“ืืจ: ื™ืขื“ื™ื ื ืฉื›ื—ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื

ืžืชื—ืช ืœืจื“ืืจ: ื™ืขื“ื™ื ื ืฉื›ื—ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื

ื”ื ื™ื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ื‘ืฉื›ื ื•ืช ื‘ื—ืœืงื™ื ื ืฉื›ื—ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื, ืื‘ืœ ืืœ ืชื—ืžื™ืฆื• ืืช ื”ืคืœืื•ืช ื”ืืœื”.

ืกื•ืจื™ื ื

ื ื—ื™ืชื” ืขืœ ื”ื›ืชืฃ ื”ืžื–ืจื—ื™ ืฉืœ ื“ืจื•ื ืืžืจื™ืงื”, ืกื•ืจื™ื ืื ื”ื™ื ืžื•ืฉื‘ื” ื”ื•ืœื ื“ื™ืช ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ ื”ืคื›ื” ื›ื•ืจ ื”ื™ืชื•ืš ืืชื ื™, ืฉื‘ื• ืชืจื‘ื•ื™ื•ืช ื™ืœื™ื“ื™ื ืœื”ืชืขืจื‘ื‘ ืขื ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื ื™ื”, ื”ื•ืœื ื“ื™ืช, ืกื™ื ื™ืช, ื”ื•ื“ื™ืช ืื™ื ื“ื•ื ื–ื™ืช ื”ืฉืคืขื•ืช. ื™ืฉ ื›ืืŸ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืžื” ืœืื”ื•ื‘. ื”ื‘ื™ืจื”, Paramaribo, ืฉื•ืžืจืช ืขืœ ื›ืžื” ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœื•ืช ื”ื•ืœื ื“ื™ ืงื•ืœื•ื ื™ืืœื™ ื‘ืกื“ืจ, ืื‘ืœ ืฉืžื•ืจื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืข ื”ื ืื‘ื ื™ ื—ืŸ ืืžื™ืชื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” (ืœืžืจื•ืช ื”ืชืฉืชื™ืช ื”ื•ื ืคื—ื•ืช ืžืกื ื•ื•ืจ), ืขื ืฉืžื•ืจืช ื˜ื‘ืข Raleighvallen ืฉืžื•ืจืช ื˜ื‘ืข Brownsberg ืฆื™ื™ืŸ ืขืœ ื—ื™ื™ื”ื ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืขืฉื™ืจ. ื’ื•ื‘ืœืช ื‘ื’ื™ืื ื” ื•ื‘ื’ื•ื™ืื ื” ื”ืฆืจืคืชื™ืช ื”ืืœืžื•ื ื™ืช, ื–ื”ื• ื”ื’ื‘ื•ืœ ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืžืกืขื•ืช ื“ืจื•ื ืืžืจื™ืงื”.

ืœืœื›ืช

ื‘ืขืจืš ื›ืžื• ื ื™ื™ืจ ืกื™ื’ืจื™ื”, ื˜ื•ื’ื• ืžืงืคื™ืฅ ืืช ื”ืœืฉื•ืŸ ืœืชื•ืš ืœื™ื‘ื ืฉืœ ืืœื” ืฉืขื•ืฉื™ื ืืช ื”ืžืกืข ืœืื•ืžื” ื–ื• ื‘ืžืขืจื‘ ืืคืจื™ืงื”. ื”ื‘ื™ืจื”, ืœื•ืžื”, ืžืชืžื•ื“ื“ืช ืขื ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก โ€‹โ€‹ื”ืื˜ืœื ื˜ื™ ื‘ืฉื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืคื™ื ื•ืขืฆื™ ื“ืงืœ, ืืš ืžื›ืืŸ ื”ื™ื ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื” ืืช ื”ืืจืฅ ื“ืจืš ืขืžืงื™ื ืขืžื•ืงื™ื ื•ื”ืจื™ื ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื™ื ื”ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ืืœ ืกื•ื•ืื ื” ืฉื˜ื•ื—ื”. ื˜ื•ื’ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื›ืœ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืœื›ืœ ื”ืื ืฉื™ื - ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื’ืœื™ืฉืช ืจื•ื— ืขืœ ืื’ื ื˜ื•ื’ื• ืฉืขื” ืื—ืช ืกื™ื ื•ืŸ ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืชืจื•ืคื•ืช ื•ื•ื“ื• ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืงื•ืคื™ื ืืฉื›ื™ื ื•ืจืืฉื™ ื”ื ื—ืฉ ื‘ืฉื•ืง ื”ืคื˜ื™ืฉ ืฉืœ ืœื•ืžื” ื”ื‘ื.

ืกืื• ื˜ื•ืžื” ื•ืคืจื™ื ืกื™ืคื”

ืžืชื—ืฉืง ืคืจื•ืกืช ื”ืงืืจื™ื‘ื™ื™ื ืจืง ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืืคืจื™ืงืื™? ืฉื ื™ ื”ืื™ื™ื ื”ืžื ื•ืžื ืžื™ื ืฉืžืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ืืช ื”ืื•ืžื” ื”ืงื˜ื ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืืคืจื™ืงื” ื”ื ื”ืื ื˜ื™ืชื–ื” ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ืืคืจื™ืงืื™ื. ืื ืฉื™ื ืžืขื˜ื™ื ืฉืžืขื• ืขืœื™ื”ื, ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืคื—ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจื™ื, ืื ื›ื™ ื—ื“ืฉื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ืงืกื ืฉืœื”ื ื“ื•ืœืฃ ื”ื—ื•ืฆื”. ื™ืฉื ื ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืคื™ื ื ื˜ื•ืฉื™ื, ืžื™ืžื™ ื›ื—ื•ืœ ืงืจื™ืกื˜ืœ ืขื ืฆืœื™ืœื” ืžืขื•ืœื” ื•ืœื ื ื•ื“ืข, ืชืฆื•ืจื•ืช ืกืœืข ืžืฉื•ื ืŸ ื•ื™ืขืจื•ืช ื”ื’ืฉื ื”ืฉื•ืคืขื™ื. ื™ืฉ ื’ื ืื•ืจื— ื—ื™ื™ื ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ืงืคื” ื ื™ื ื•ื— ืขื ืงืคื” ืืžื™ืชื™, ืคื™ืจื•ืช ื˜ืจื™ื™ื ื˜ืขื™ืžื™ื ื•ืคื™ืจื•ืช ื™ื.

ืงื•ืžื•ืจื•

ื‘ื™ืžื™ ื”ืคืืจ ืฉืœ ืžืกืขื•ืช ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก, ืงื•ืžื•ืจื• ื”ื™ื” ืชื—ื ื” ื”ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืกืคื™ื ื•ืช ืžืขื•ื’ืœื•ืช ืืช ื›ืฃ ื”ืชืงื•ื•ื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื”. ืื™-ื”ื‘ื™ื˜ื—ื•ืŸ ื‘ื ืขื ื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ืชืขืœืช ืกื•ืืฅ, ื•ื›ื™ื•ื ื™ืฉ ืจืง 25 ืืœืฃ ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืžื“ื™ ืฉื ื”. ื”ืฉื›ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืกื™ื™ืฉืœ, ื•ื›ืŸ ืจืง ื›ืžื” ืžืฉื™ื›ื•ืช ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ ืฉืœ ืžืื•ืจื™ืฆื™ื•ืก, ืงื•ืžื•ืจื• ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืื™ื“ื™ืœื™ื” ื˜ืจื•ืคื™ืช, ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ืžืงื•ื˜ืข ื›ืžื• ื”ืื™ื™ื ืฉืœื”, ืžืชืžืฉื›ืช 20 ื ื™ืกื™ื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืคื™ื›ื” ืžืื– ื”ืฉื’ืช ืขืฆืžืื•ืช ืžืฆืจืคืช ื‘ืฉื ืช 1975. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืืœ ืžื™ื•ื˜, ื—ืœืง ื”ืืจื›ื™ืคืœื’ ืื‘ืœ ืœื ืฉืœ ื”ืืจืฅ, ื•ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื‘ืงืจ ื‘ืื—ื“ ื”ืœื’ื•ื ื•ืช ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช ื‘ืขื•ืœื.

ื ืื•ืจื•

ื”ื™ื” ื–ืžืŸ ืฉื‘ื• ื”ืื™ ื–ืขื™ืจ ื“ืžื•ื™ ืชืคื•ื—ื™ ืื“ืžื” ื ืื•ืจื• ื”ื™ื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื”ืขืฉื™ืจื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ืื“ืžื” ืขืœ ื‘ืกื™ืก ืœื ืคืฉ, ื”ืขื ืฉืœื” ืขืฉื™ืจื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืฉืคืข ืฉืœ ืคื•ืกืคื˜ื™ื ืคื™ืงื“ื•ื ื•ืช. ื›ื™ื•ื, ืคื•ืกืคื˜ ื”ื•ื ื›ืžืขื˜ ื ืขืœื ื•ืืช ืžื•ืงืฉื™ื ื ื˜ื•ืฉื™ื, ืื‘ืœ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ืฉื•ืžืจื™ื ืขืœ ื’ื™ืฉื” ืจืคื” ืœื—ื™ื™ื, ืžืฉื—ืง ื›ื“ื•ืจื’ืœ ืื•ืกื™ ื›ื“ื•ืจื’ืœ ื•ืฉืจ ื‘ื”ืจืžื•ื ื™ื” ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ืช ืื™ื™ื ื‘ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก โ€‹โ€‹ื”ืฉืงื˜. ื”ื ื•ืฃ ื”ืžื•ืืจืš ืฉืœ ื ืื•ืจื• ืžืขื•ืจืจ ืฉื™ืจื” ืžืœื ื›ื•ืœื™ืช - ืคื ื™ื ืžื•ื–ื ื—ื™ื ื•ื—ืกืจื™ ื™ืขืจ, ื›ืžื” ืฆื•ืงื™ื ื™ืจื•ืงื™ื ืœื”ืคืœื™ื ื•ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก โ€‹โ€‹ืกื—ื•ืฃ ืขื ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ ื™ื.

ื ื™ื•ืื”

ื”ื•ื ื ืžืฆื ื‘ืžืจื—ืง ืฉืœ 600 ืง"ืž ืžืฉื›ื ื• ื”ืงืจื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื ื™ื•ืื” ืจื•ืื” ื›ืœ ื›ืš ืžืขื˜ ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืฉื™ืฉ ืจืง ืฉืชื™ ื˜ื™ืกื•ืช ื›ืœ ืฉื‘ื•ืข (ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืžืื•ืงืœื ื“, ื ื™ื• ื–ื™ืœื ื“ ื•ืืคื™ื”, ืกืžื•ืื”). ื–ื” ืœื ื’ืŸ ืขื“ืŸ ื”ืงืœืืกื™ ืฉืœืš ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ื™ื ื›ืžื• ื™ืฉื ื ื›ืžื” ื—ื•ืคื™ื ื›ืืŸ; ืื‘ืœ ื™ืฉ ื›ืžื” ื—ืงืจ ืžืขืจื•ืช ืคื ื˜ืกื˜ื™ ื“ืจืš Vaikona ื• ื˜ื•ื’ื• Chasms ื•, ื›ืžื• ื”ืื™ ืื™ืŸ ื ื”ืจื•ืช ืจืฆื™ื ืœืชื•ืš ื”ื™ื, ื”ื ืจืื•ืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืฆื•ืœืœื ื™ื ื”ื•ื ื™ื•ืฆื ื“ื•ืคืŸ. ื”ืฉื ืฉืœ ืงืขืจืช ื”ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ื, ืืชืจ ืฆืœื™ืœื” ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืžืขืจื‘ื™, ืื™ื ื• ืžืฉืงืฃ ืืช ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ืฆืœื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ื ื™ื•ืื”.

ื›ื•ื•ื™ืช

ืžืคื•ืจืกื ืจืง ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืคืœืฉื•, ื›ื•ื•ื™ืช ื–ืขื™ืจ ื”ื•ื ืขืœ ื›ืžื” ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ืื’ 'ื ื“ื•ืช, ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉืืจ ื‘ื’ืœืœ ื”ืžืขื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื™ื‘ืฉืชื™ื™ื ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื™ื ืฉืœื” ื”ื ืขื ืขื™ืจืืง ื•ืกืขื•ื“ื™ื”, ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ืคืš ื”ื›ื ื™ืกื” ื”ื™ื‘ืฉืชื™ืช ื›ืžืขื˜ ื‘ืœืชื™ ืืคืฉืจื™. ืœืžื™ ืฉื—ื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ืขืœ ื˜ื™ืกื”, ืื™ืŸ ื›ืืŸ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืœื”ืฆื“ื™ืง ืืช ื”ืžืืžืฅ, ืืœื ืื ื›ืŸ ืืชื ืื•ื”ื‘ื™ื ืงื ื™ื•ื ื™ื ืžื–ืจื— ืชื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื™ื ื ื•ืฆืฆื™ื ื•ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ืžื”ื™ืจื™ื. ื‘ืžืจื—ืง ืฉืœ ืœื™ื˜ื•ืฉ ื•ืคื•ืœื ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื›ื•ื•ื™ืช ืกื™ื˜ื™ ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขืœื•ืช ื›ืœ 145m ืœื ืงื•ื“ื” ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืขืœ ืจื›ืก Mutla, ืื• ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืืช ืืœ-ืื—ืžื“ื™, ืขื™ืจ ื”ื•ืœื“ืชื” ืฉืœ ืชืขืฉื™ื™ืช ื”ื ืคื˜ ืฉืœ ื›ื•ื•ื™ืช. ืœื”ืฉืชื’ืข.

ื‘ืœืืจื•ืก

ื›ืžื• ืฉืืจ ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื‘ืจื™ืช ื”ืžื•ืขืฆื•ืช ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ ืœืžืœื ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื, ื‘ืœืืจื•ืก ืจืง ืžืกืชื›ืœ, ืœืžืจื•ืช ื”ื™ื•ืชื• ื”ืงื• ื”ื™ืฉืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืžื•ืกืงื‘ื” ืœืฉืืจ ืื™ืจื•ืคื”. ื”ื“ื™ืงื˜ื˜ื•ืจื” ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื” ื‘ืื™ืจื•ืคื” ืœื™ืคื•ืœ, ื‘ืœืืจื•ืก ื”ื™ื ื”ืžืงื•ื ืœื‘ื•ื ืื ืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื”ื–ื›ื™ืจ ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ืกื•ื‘ื™ื™ื˜ื™ื - ื”ื‘ื™ืจื”, ืžื™ื ืกืง, ื”ื™ื” ื›ืžืขื˜ ื”ืจืก ื‘ืžืœื—ืžืช ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื” ื•ื ื‘ื ื” ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช ืกื˜ืืœื™ื ื™ืกื˜ื™ืช. ืœื’ื“ื•ืœื” ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช, ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ Belavezhskaja, ืขืœ ื”ื’ื‘ื•ืœ ื”ืคื•ืœื ื™. ื–ื”ื• ื”ื™ืขืจ ื”ืงื“ื•ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืื™ืจื•ืคื”, ืืชืจ ืžื•ืจืฉืช ืขื•ืœืžื™ืช ืฉืœ ืื•ื ืกืง"ื• ื•ื‘ื™ืช ื‘ื™ื–ื•ืŸ ืื™ืจื•ืคืื™, ื”ื™ื•ื ืง ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื™ื‘ืฉืช.

ืงื™ืจื’ื™ื–ืกื˜ืŸ

ื”ืชืจืื” ืขืœ ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช: ืžืฉืจื“ ื”ื—ื•ืฅ ื•ื”ืงื•ื ื’ืจืก ื”ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื™ ืžืžืœื™ืฅ ืœื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžื›ืœ ื ืกื™ืขื” ืœื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื, ืื ื ื‘ื“ื•ืง ืขื ื”ืžืžืฉืœื” ื”ืจืœื•ื•ื ื˜ื™ืช ืฉืœืš.

ืชื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืขืœ ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื”ืจื™ื ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช - ื ืคืืœ, ืคืจื•, ืงื ื“ื” - ื•ืงื™ืจื’ื™ืกื˜ืืŸ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœื”ืชืขืœื ื‘ื”ื›ืจื—. ื–ื” ืœื ืฆืจื™ืš. ื–ื• ื”ืจืคื•ื‘ืœื™ืงื” ื”ืกื•ื‘ื™ื™ื˜ื™ืช ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ, ืกื’ื•ืจื” ืœื–ืจื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืจื•ื‘ ื”ื›ื™ื‘ื•ืฉ, ืžื›ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ื”ืจื™ื ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื™ื ื•ื”ื“ืจืžื˜ื™ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืžืจื›ื– ืืกื™ื”; ื”ืฉื™ื ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœื” ื”ื•ื ื›ืžืขื˜ 7500m ืžืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ื™ื. ื”ืฆืจื” ื”ื™ื, ืงื™ืจื’ื™ืกื˜ืŸ ื™ืฉ ืžืขื˜ ืื—ืจ, ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื ืžื•ืš ืขืœ ืžืฉืื‘ื™ื ื•ืชืฉืชื™ืช ื”ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืช.ื–ื” ื“ื‘ืจ ื˜ื•ื‘, ืื ื›ืŸ, ืฉืจื•ื‘ ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื™ืฉืจ ืœื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืื’ื Isyck-Kul ื”ืžืชืคืชื— ื™ื—ืกื™ืช, ื”ืื’ื ื”ืฉื ื™ ื‘ื’ื•ื“ืœื• ื‘ืขื•ืœื, ื•ืคืœื˜ ืฉื™ื’ื•ืจ ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ.

ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ืงื˜ืข ืžืชื•ืš ืžื”ื“ื•ืจื” ืฉืœ Lonely Planet ื—ื•ื•ื™ื•ืช. ื”ื•ื ืคื•ืจืกื ื‘ืžืงื•ืจ ื‘ืžืจืฅ 2010, ื•ื”ื•ื ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ื™ื•ืœื™ 2012.

ืฉืคืจ ืืช ืจืฉื™ืžืช ื”ื“ืœื™ ืฉืœืš ืขื ืขื•ืชืง ืฉืœ Lonely Planet ื—ื•ื•ื™ื•ืช.

ื’ืœื” ืขื•ื“ ืฉืœ ืคืœืื™ื ื‘ืขื•ืœื unsung ื‘ืžืืžืจื™ื ืืœื”:

10 ืฉืœ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื”ืœื ืžื•ื›ืจื™ื ื‘ืขื•ืœื
ืขืฉืจื” ืคื ื™ื ื™ื ื ืกืชืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ืื™ืจื•ืคื”
10 ืžื—ื•ืฅ- the-beaten- ืžืกืœื•ืœ ืคืืจืงื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ื™ื ื‘ืืจื”"ื‘

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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