ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ืืžืฆืข ื”ืžืื”, ื‘ืกื’ื ื•ืŸ ืื™ื˜ืœืงื™

ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ืืžืฆืข ื”ืžืื”, ื‘ืกื’ื ื•ืŸ ืื™ื˜ืœืงื™

ืžื™ืœืื ื•, 1957. ื–ื” ืจืง ืงืฆืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืขืฉื•ืจ ืžืื– ืกื•ืฃ ืžืœื—ืžืช ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื”, ื•ื”ืขื™ืจ ืœื ืจืง ื ื‘ื ืชื” ืžื—ื“ืฉ, ืืœื ื”ืฉืชื ืชื”. ืžื ื”ืจื•ืช ืฉืงื•ืขื•ืช ื‘ืžื˜ืจื•ืคื•ืœื™ืŸ ืžื™ืœืื ื•, ืงืืœืืก ืžื ื’ืŸ ืืช ืœื” ืกืงืืœื”, ื•ื”ื˜ืœื•ื•ื™ื–ื™ื” ื”ื’ื™ืขื” (ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ื–ืจื ืงื‘ื•ืข ืฉืœ ืขื•ื‘ื“ื™ื ืžื“ืจื•ื ืฉ"ืจืฆื•ื™ื™ื ืื‘ืœ ืœื ืชืžื™ื“ ืžื•ื–ืžื ื™ื ").

ืื ื–ื• ืžืืจื™

ื™ืฆืจื ื™ืช ื”ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ื“ื ื™ืช ืžืฉื™ืงื” ืžื•ืฆืจ ื—ื“ืฉ ืžืคืชื™ืข: ื‘ื™ื‘ืจ ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื•ืช ืžืฉื•ืœื‘ื•ืช ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช ื•ืงื˜ื ื•ืช, ืคืจื•ืกื•ืช ืžืžืœื‘ืŸ ื™ื—ื™ื“ ืฉืœ ืขืฅ. ืจึทืฉืึทืึดื™ 16 ืื ื™ืžืœื™, ื–ื” ืคืื–ืœ ื™ืœื“ื™ื, ื•ืฉื™ืชื•ืฃ ื”ืคืขื•ืœื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืฉืœื”ื ืขื ืืงื“ืžื™ื” ืฆืขื™ืจื” ืืงื“ืžื™ื” ื“ื™ ื‘ืจื” ื‘ืฉื ืื ืฆื• ืžืืจื™.

ืื™ืŸ ืกืคืง ืฉื–ื” ืฆืขืฆื•ืข ื™ืคื”, ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ื’ื encapsulates ืžืืจื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืคื™ืœื•ืกื•ืคื™ื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ืคืกื™ื›ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ืฉืœ ืจืื™ื™ื” ื•ืชืคื™ืกื”, ื•ืืช ื”ืจืขื™ื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœื• ืžื‘ืขื‘ืข ืขืœ ื™ื™ืฆื•ืจ ื”ืžื•ื ื™, ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช, ื™ื•ืคื™ ื•ืชื•ืขืœืช. ื–ื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœื”ื•ื›ื™ื— ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื ืฆื—ื™ - ืœื“ืœื’ ืงื“ื™ืžื” ื—ืžื™ืฉื™ื ืฉื ื”, ื•ื–ื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ื™ื™ืฆื•ืจ.

ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื‘ืฉืœื”ื™ ืฉื ื•ืช ื”ืฉื‘ืขื™ื ืฉืœื•, ืžืจื™ ืœืื—ืจื•ื ื” ืœืื—ืจื•ื ื” ื ื™ื• ื™ื•ืจืง ื˜ื™ื™ืžืก ื›ื™ ื”ื—ืœืง ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ืžื™ืœืื ื• ืฉืœ 2010 ื”ื™ื” 'ื”ืื ืฉื™ื ืฉื—ื™ื• ืฉื ื‘ืฉื ื•ืช ื”ื—ืžื™ืฉื™ื'. ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืื—ืจื™ื ื”ื™ื• ื˜ื•ืขื ื™ื ื›ื™ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ืช ืื›ืŸ ื™ืฉ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืžื” ืœื”ืฆื™ืข, ื–ื” ื’ื ื ื›ื•ืŸ ื›ื™ ื”ืžื•ืจืฉืช ืฉืœ ืืžืฆืข ื”ืžืื” ืฉืœ ืžื™ืœืื ื• ื”ื•ื ืœื ืจืง ืžื•ืจืฉืช ืชื•ืกืกืช, ืื‘ืœ ื—ืœืง ืžืฉื›ื ืข ืฉืœ ื”ื”ื•ื•ื” ืฉืœื”. ืฉืœื ืœื“ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ืžืจื›ื–ื™ื ืชืขืฉื™ื™ืชื™ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื”.

ืื—ื™ืœ ืงืกื˜ื™ื’ืœื™ื•ื ื™

ืื—ื“ ื”ืžืขืฆื‘ื™ื ื”ืื”ื•ื‘ื™ื ืขืœ ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื”, ืืฆ'ื™ืœ ืงืกื˜ื™ื’ืœื™ื•ื ื™, ืขื‘ื“ ื‘ืื•ืชื• ื—ืœืœ ืœื™ื“ ืงืกื˜ืœื• ืกืคื•ืจืฆืกืงื• ืฉืœ ืžื™ืœืื ื• ื‘ืžืฉืš ื› -6 ืขืฉื•ืจื™ื; ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ืกื˜ื•ื“ื™ื• ื”ืžื•ืงื“ืฉ ืœื’ื‘ืจ ื•ืขื‘ื•ื“ืชื• ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืจื’ื™ืฉื” ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืืช ื”ืกื“ื ื” ื”ื ืœื”ื‘ืช ืžืืฉืจ ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ืžื•ื–ืจ. ืกื™ื•ืจื™ื, ืฉืฆื•ืœืžื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžืฉืคื—ืชื• ืื• ืฆื•ื•ืช ื•ืชื™ืงื™ื, ืžืชื•ื‘ืœืช ื‘ืกื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืขืœ ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื”ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ืงืกื˜ื™ื’ืœื™ื•ื ื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื™ืฆื™ืจื•ืช ืื™ืงื•ื ื™ื•ืช ื›ืžื• ืžื ื•ืจืช ืืจืงื• (ื—ื•ืจ ื”ื—ืชื™ืžื” ื‘ื‘ืกื™ืก ื”ืฉื™ืฉ ื”ื›ื‘ื“ ืฉืœื” ื ื•ืกืฃ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืืคืฉืจ ืœื”ืจื™ื ื‘ืขื–ืจืช ืžื•ื˜ ื™ืฆื™ื‘ ), ืžืื™ืจื” ืœื”ืคืœื™ื ืืช ื“ืจืš ื”ืจืื™ื™ื” ืฉืœื• ื•ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื•, ื•ืืช ืชื—ื•ืฉืช ื”ื›ื™ืฃ ืฉืœื•. ืจื‘ื™ื ืžืื‘ื™ ื˜ื™ืคื•ืกื™ื• ืฉืœ ืงืกื˜ืœื™ื•ื ื™ ื•ืžืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ ื”ื”ืฉืจืื” ืฉืœื• ืžื•ืฆื’ื™ื ื•ืžื•ืขื‘ืจื™ื ืœืžืคื’ืฉื™ื ืžืขืฉื™ื™ื, ืื• ื‘ืžืงืจื” ืฉืœ ืฉืจืคืจืฃ ืกืœืข ื”ืฆื ื•ื ืฉืœื• ืžืฉื ืช 1957, ืขืœ ื‘ื˜ืœื ื™ื.

ื’'ื™ื• ืคื•ื ื˜ื™

ื”ืืœื’ื ื˜ื™ื•ืช ื”ืžืชื—ื“ื“ืช ืฉืœ ื’'ื™ื• ืคื•ื ื˜ื™, 1956 ืคื™ืจืœื•ืŸ - "ืคื™ืจืœื™ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ", ื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ื™ื ื™ื“ื•ืขื” ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื, ืžืชืจื•ืฆืฆืช ืžืขืœ ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืกืงื•ื•ืื˜ ืฉืœ ืžื™ืœืื ื• ืžื‘ืกื™ืก ื‘ืฆื•ืจืช ื”ื™ื”ืœื•ื ืฉืœื” ืœื™ื“ Stazione Centrale. ื—ืฆื™ ืžืื” ื•ืื™ืœืš, ื”ื™ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื™ืจ grattacielo ื•ืื—ื“ ืžื‘ืชื™ ื”ื‘ื˜ื•ืŸ ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื™ื ื‘ืขื•ืœื (ืขื ื–ืืช, ื”ื•ื ืขืชื™ื“ ืœื”ืชื’ืžื“ ื‘ืงืจื•ื‘ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืืœื˜ืจื” ื–ื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ืคื™ื™ ื•ืžื’ื“ืœื™ Citylife ื”ืฉื ื•ื™ื™ื ื‘ืžื—ืœื•ืงืช).

ืงื•ืงื™ ื˜ื•ืจื” ื•ืœืกืงื”, ืฉื ื‘ื ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืงื‘ื•ืฆืช ื”- BBPR ื‘ -1958, ืœืขื•ืžืช ื–ืืช, ื ืจืื” ืžืงื•ืžื™ ื‘ื”ืชืจืกืงื•ืช, ื ื•ืกื˜ืœื’ื™ื” ืคื•ืกื˜-ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ืช ื ื•ื“ืขืช ืœื•ืžื‘ืจื“ื™ื” ืขื“ ืœืคื•ื˜ื•ืจื™ื–ื ืฉืœ ืคื•ื ื˜ื™. ืื ื“ืจื˜ืช ื”ื‘ืจื–ืœ ื•ื”ืฉื™ืฉ ื”ืžื•ืงื“ืžืช ืฉืœ ื”ืกื˜ื•ื“ื™ื• ืœืžื—ื ื” ื”ืจื™ื›ื•ื– ืฉืœ ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื”, ื‘ืขื™ืจ ืกื™ืžื™ื˜ืจื• ืžื•ื ื•ืžื ื˜ืœื” ื”ืžืฉืชืจืขืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ, ื”ื™ื ืชื•ืฆืจ ืžื™ืœื•ืœื™ ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืชืงื•ืคื” ืฉืœืื—ืจ ื”ืžืœื—ืžื”; ื”ื™ื ืžืขืฆื™ืžื” ืืช ื”ืื‘ืœ ื”ืงื”ื™ืœืชื™ ื•ื”ืื™ืฉื™ (ืฉื•ืชืฃ ืžื™ื™ืกื“ ืžืช ื‘- Mauthausen-Gusen) ื‘ื—ืŸ ืžืชืžื˜ื™ ื—ืžื•ืจ.

ืงืจืœื• ืžื•ืœื™ื ื•

ื˜ื•ืจื™ื ื• ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืื•ืœืžื•ืช ืชืฆื•ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ื™ื ืกืœื•ื ื™ ื–ืžื–ื•ื ืฉืœ ืžื™ืœืื ื•, ืื‘ืœ ืชืžื™ื“ ื”ื™ื” ืœื” ื—ืœืง ื”ื•ื’ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœื™ื ื”ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ืกื˜ื™ื (Le Corbusier ื”ื™ื” wued ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืžืคืขืœ ื”ื—ื“ืฉ ืฉืœ ืคื™ืื˜ ื‘ืฉื ืช 1922). ืื•ื“ื™ื˜ื•ืจื™ื•ื RAI ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื•ืชื™ืื˜ืจื• ืจื’'ื™ื• ืขื•ืฆื‘ื• ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืื—ื“ ื”ื‘ื ื™ื ื”ืžืจืชืงื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื˜ื•ืจื™ื ื•, ืงืจืœื• ืžื•ืœื™ื ื•. ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืžื”ื ื“ืก ืžื•ื›ืฉืจ ืžืื•ื“ (ื”ื•ื ืชื›ื ืŸ ืžื›ื•ื ื™ื•ืช ืžืจื•ืฅ ื•ืžื˜ื•ืกื™ ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืื›ื™ืœ ืืช ื“ืจื›ื™ ื”ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืฉืœื•), ืขื‘ื•ื“ืชื• ืฉืœ ืžื•ืœื™ื ื• ืžืชื’ืœื’ืœืช ืขื ืื ืจื’ื™ื” ื‘ื™ื•-ืžื•ืจืคื™ืช, ื—ื•ืฉื ื™ืช - ื”ื•ื ืกื™ื›ื ืืช ืฉื ื•ืช ื” -60 ื”ืžืื•ื—ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ืชื™ืื˜ืจื• ืจื’'ื™ื•, ื›ืฉื”ื•ื ืžืชื‘ื•ื ืŸ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื™- ืคืชื— ืฆื“ืคื” ".

ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืืœื” ืื•ืœืžื•ืช ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืขื™ื ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื‘ืงืจ, ื”ื ืขื‘ืจื• ื’ื ืฉื™ืคื•ืฆื™ื ื”ื‘ืื™ื, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ืื•ื“ื™ื˜ื•ืจื™ื•ื RAI ืงื•ื“ื ืœื›ืŸ. ืื‘ืœ ื“ื™ืจืชื• ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ ืฉืœ ืžื•ืœื™ื ื• ืœื™ื“ ื”ื ื”ืจ ืคื• ืฉื•ื—ื–ืจื” ื‘ื ืืžื ื•ืช ื•ืžืœืื” ืจื”ื™ื˜ื™ื ืžืงื•ืจื™ื™ื. ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ื™ื“ื•ืข ืงืจืœื• ืžื•ืœื™ื ื• ื”ื•ื ืขื“ื•ืช ืœืืกืชื˜ื™ืงื” ื”ืฉื•ืคืขืช ืฉืœื•, ื”ืžื™ื•ืžื ื•ืช ืฉืœื• ื›ืื•ืžืŸ, ื›ืžื• ื’ื ื”ืื•ื‘ืกืกื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื•. ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ื’ื ืฉื ืจื‘ื™ื ืฉืœ ื“ื™ื•ืงื ืื•ืช ืคื•ืœืืจื•ื“ื™ ืฉืœื• ืชื™ืื˜ืจืœื™ืช, ื˜ืขื•ื ื” ืืจื•ื˜ื™ืช ื ื•ืจื”.

ืคืจื ืงื• ืืœื‘ื™ื ื™

ืขืœ ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืœื™ื’ื•ืจื™ืื ื™, ื’ืจืื•ื“ื” ืฉืœ Strada Nuova (aka Via Garibaldi) ื”ื•ื ืžืจื•ืคื“ ืขื ืกื•ื›ืจื™ื•ืช ืื•ื ืกืง"ื• ืžื•ื’ืŸ ืืจืžื•ื ื•ืช. ืžื•ืกืชืจ ื”ืขืœื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ 17- perescoed 17ื”-ืคืœืืฆื• ืจื•ืกื• (Centro Palazzo Rosso) ื”ื™ื ืื‘ืŸ ื—ืŸ ืžื‘ื™ืช ืืžืฆืข ื”ืžืื”. ื‘ืฉื ืช 1955, ืคืจื ืงื• Albini, ืฉื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืชืฉื•ืžืช ืœื‘ ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ืช ืขืœ ืขื‘ื•ื“ืชื• ื”ื‘ืื” ืขืœ ื”ืžื˜ืจื• ืžื™ืœืื ื•, ื™ืฆืจ ืคื ื˜ื”ืื•ื– ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžื ื”ืœ ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื’ื ื•ืื” ืื–. ืžืœื•ืŸ ื”ื“ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืžืฉื•ืคืฅ, ื”ืžืฉื•ืคืฅ ื•ื”ื ื•ืฃ ื”ืžื“ื”ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืœื™ื‘ื” ื•ื”ื ืžืœ ืฉืœ ื™ืžื™ ื”ื‘ื™ื ื™ื™ื, ื”ื•ื ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืžืขื•ื“ื“ ืฉืœ ืกื’ื ื•ืŸ ืื—ื•ืจื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœ ื•ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืจื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื•ื‘ื˜ืขื ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ ื•ื”ื”ื•ื˜-ื‘ื•ืจื’ื ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืœืงื•ื—. ืขื•ืจื›ื™ ื”ืฉื‘ื•ืขื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื“ื•ืžื•ืก ืจืื• ื‘ื• ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืื™ื˜ืœืงื™ ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™.

ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ื”ื•ื•ืกืคื” 125, ื superleggera ื›ื™ืกื ื‘ืื•ืฉื•ื•ื“ ื•ืงื ื” ื‘ื”ื•ื“ื•, ืื‘ื™ื–ืจื™ ืื•ืจ ืœื™ืจื™ื™ื ืื• ืคืื–ืœ ืงื˜ืŸ ืžื™ืฉื•ืฉ ื•ืคืกืœื™ ืฉื”ื™ื” ืขืœ ืœื•ื— ื”ืฉืจื˜ื•ื˜, ื“ื•ืจ ืฉืœืื—ืจ ืžืœื—ืžืช ื”ืขื•ืœื ืฉืœ ืžืขืฆื‘ื™ื ื•ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœื™ื ืื™ื˜ืœืงื™ื ื”ื›ื ื™ืกื• ืืช ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื” ื”ืžื•ืฉื—ืชืช ืœืžืœื—ืžื” ืขืœ ืžืคืช ื”ืขื•ืœื.

ื—ืคืฉื• ืืช ื”ืคื ื™ื ืฉืœื”ื ื•ืืช ื”ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœื•ืช, ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืืช ืื‘ื•ืช ื˜ื™ืคื•ืก ืฉืœ Triñale de Milano Design Museum, ืื• ืœืืกื•ืฃ ืืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ืชื ื‘ืื•ืœื ืชืฆื•ื’ื” ื›ื’ื•ืŸ Cassina, Danese, Flos ืื• ื–ื ื•ื˜ื”. ื‘ื•ื ื™ื™ืฆื•ืจ ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ืื•ืœื™, ืื‘ืœ ื‘ืืžืฆืข ื”ืžืื” ื”ื™ื” ื’ื ืจื’ืข ืงืกื•ื, ืจื ืกื ืก ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื™ ืœืื™ื˜ืœื™ื”. ื›ืžื• ืžืืจื™ ืื•ืžืจ "ื”ื™ืชื” ืœื ื• ืืฉืœื™ื” ืฉืœ ื™ืฆื™ืจืช ืขื•ืœื ืฉืœ ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ื˜ื•ื‘".

ืคืจื˜ื™ื:

ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ Triennale di Milano(www.triennaledesignmuseum.it/)

ืกื˜ื•ื“ื™ื• ืžื•ืกืื• ืื—ื™ืœ ืงืกื˜ื™ื’ืœื™ื•ื ื™ (www.achillecastiglioni.it/en/studio.html)

ืกื™ื•ืจื™ื ื—ื™ื ื ืขื ื›ืจื˜ื™ืก ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ Triennale ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘, ืื‘ืœ ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืจืืฉ

ืงืื–ื” ืžื•ืกืื• ืงืจืœื• ืžื•ืœื™ื ื•

ืกื™ื•ืจื™ื ืคืจื˜ื™ื™ื ื”ื โ‚ฌ 30; ืฆื•ืจ ืงืฉืจ ืขื [email protected] ืœืงื‘ืœืช ืคืจื˜ื™ื ื•ื”ื–ืžื ื•ืช

ืคืจื ืงื• ืืœื‘ื™ื ื™ ื“ื™ืจื”, ืืจืžื•ืŸ Rosso
Musei di Strada ื ื•ื‘ื”, ื’ื ื•ื‘ื”

www.museidigenova.it (ื‘ืื™ื˜ืœืงื™ืช)

ื’ืœื” ืืช ืฉืืจ ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื” ืขื ื”ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ ืฉืœ Lonely Planet

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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