ืื•ืžื” ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื™ืช: ื”ื’ืื•ืŸ ื”ืืžื ื•ืชื™ ืฉืœ ืžืงืกื™ืงื•

ืื•ืžื” ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื™ืช: ื”ื’ืื•ืŸ ื”ืืžื ื•ืชื™ ืฉืœ ืžืงืกื™ืงื•

ืžืื– ื”ื˜ืจื•ื ื”ื™ืกืคื ื™, ื”ืขื ื”ืžืงืกื™ืงื ื™ ื”ื•ื›ื™ื— ื›ื™ืฉืจื•ืŸ ืžื•ืœื“ ืœื™ื™ืฆื•ื’ ืืžื ื•ืชื™ ื•ืขื™ืŸ ื—ื“ื” ืœืฆื‘ืข. ืžืชื•ืš ืคืกืœื™ื ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื™ื ื•ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ ืงื™ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืงื“ืžื•ื ื™ื ื“ืจืš ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ ื”ืงื™ืจ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžืื” ื” -20 ื•ืขื“ ื”ื ื™ืกื•ื™ื™ื ื”ืžืชืงื“ืžื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื™ืžื™ื ื•, ื”ืืžื ื•ืช ื”ื™ื ืื—ืช ื”ืžืชื ื•ืช ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ืœืขื•ืœื.

ืžืชื—ืฉืง ืžื ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืฉืจืื” ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื™ืช, ื‘ืกื’ื ื•ืŸ ืžืงืกื™ืงื ื™? ืงื— ืืช ื”ืžืกืœื•ืœ ื”ืืžื ื•ืชื™ ื”ื‘ื ื•ืืชื” ืชื”ื™ื” ืชื›ื ื•ืŸ ื™ืฆื™ืจืช ืžื•ืคืช ืžืฉืœืš ื‘ืชื•ืš ื–ืžืŸ ืงืฆืจ.

ืชืžืœื•ื’ื™ื ืžืงืกื™ืงื ื™ื - ืคืจื™ื“ื” ืงืืœื• ื•ื“ื™ื™ื’ื• ืจื™ื‘ืจื”

ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืขื•ืœื ืฉืœ ืงืืœื• ื•ืฉืœ ืจื™ื‘ืจื” ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืฉืœ ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ืกื™ื˜ื™ ืฉืœ ืžื•ืกืื• ื“ื•ืœื•ืจืก ืื•ืœืžื“ื• ืคืื˜ื™ื ื™ื•. ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ื“ื™ื•ืงื ื™ื ื”ืขืฆืžื™ื™ื ื”ืžื™ื•ืกืจื™ื ื•ื”ืงื•ืจื™ืืœื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืงืื”ืœื• ื”ื ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื• ื“ื” ืืจื˜ื” ืžื•ื“ืจื ื•, ื•ืžื•ื“ื™ืื• ืคืจื™ื“ื” ืงืืœื•, ืฉื ื ื•ืœื“ื”, ื—ื™ื” ื•ืžืชื”. ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœืžืฆื•ื ืืช ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ ื”ืงื™ืจ ื”ืฉืืคืชื ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืจื™ื‘ืจื” ืขืœ ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื”ืžืงืกื™ืงื ื™ืช ื•ื–ื”ื•ืชื ื‘- Secretaría de Educación Pública ื•ื‘- Palacio Nacional.

ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื ืฉืœืื—ืจ ื”ืžื•ื•ืช - ื”ืžื•ื•ืช ืžืขื•ืœื ืœื ื ืจืื” ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื˜ื•ื‘

ื—ื’ื™ื’ื” ืฉืœ ืฉืžื—ื” ื•ื”ืžื•ื•ืช ื”ื™ื•ืฆื ืžืŸ ื”ื›ืœืœ, ื“ื™ื” ื“ื” ืžื•ืจื˜ื•ืก ืฉืœ ืžืงืกื™ืงื• (ื™ื•ื ื”ืžืชื™ื) ืžื ืฆื™ื—ื” ืืช ื”ืคื™ืœื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” ืฉื”ืžื•ื•ืช ืื™ื ื• ื”ืกื•ืฃ, ืืœื ื”ืžืฉืš ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืžืงื‘ื™ืœ. ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื• ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ ืฉืœ ืื’ื•ืืกืงืœื™ื™ื ื˜ืก (Museo de los Muertos) ื”ื•ื ืชื™ืขื•ื“ ืืžื ื•ืชื™ ืžืจืชืง ืฉืœ ื”ืงืกื ืฉืœ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืœืžื•ื•ืช, ืขื ื›ืœ ื“ื‘ืจ, ื”ื—ืœ ื‘ืฆืขืฆื•ืขื™ื ื•ืขื“ ื“ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื“ื™ื ื•ื‘ื“ื™ื, ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื™ื ื•ืขื›ืฉื•ื•ื™ื™ื. ื–ื” ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™, ื”ื•ืžื•ืจื™ืกื˜ื™ ื•ื›ืžืขื˜ ืขื•ืฉื” ื’ื•ืกืก ื ืจืื” ืžื•ืฉืš.

ืžืกื˜ื•ืœ - ื‘ืื’'ื” ืฉืœ ืจื•ืง ืžื“ื”ื™ื

ืขื•ื“ ืœืคื ื™ ืฉื”ื™ื• ืœื”ื ื‘ืชื™ื, ืžืงืกื™ืงื ื™ื ื”ื™ื• ืืžื ื™ ื’ืื•ืŸ. Petroglyphs ืฉืœ ื”ืืจืฅ ื•ืืช ื™ืฆื•ืจื™ ื”ื™ื, ืœื•ื—ืžื” ื•ื˜ืงืกื™ื ื‘ ืกื™ื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ืกืŸ ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื• ื‘ืืจื” ืงืœื™ืคื•ืจื ื™ื”, ื ืฉืžืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืืงืœื™ื ื”ื™ื‘ืฉ, ื”ื ื‘ื™ืŸ ืžื™ื˜ื‘ ืื•ืกืคื™ื ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืฉืœ ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ ืกืœืข. ืื•ื›ืจื”, ืื“ื•ื, ืฉื—ื•ืจ ื•ืœื‘ืŸ ื‘ืฆื‘ืข, ืืช ื”ืืžื ื•ืช ื”ืขืชื™ืงื” ื ืฉืืจ ืืคื•ืฃ ืžืกืชื•ืจื™ืŸ. ื›ืžื” ื—ื•ืงืจื™ื ืžืืžื™ื ื™ื ืฉื”ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ื ืžืชืืจื™ื ื˜ืงืกื™ื ื“ืชื™ื™ื, ื˜ืงืกื™ ืฆื™ื“ ืื• ืœื•ื—ืžื”; ืื—ืจื™ื ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ืฉื”ื ืื–ื”ืจื•ืช ืื• ืžืกืจื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืฉื‘ื˜ื™ื ืฉื›ื ื™ื. ืžืชื•ืš ื”ื›ืจื” ื‘ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืชื” ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื™ืช, ืกื™ื™ืจื” ื“ื” ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื• ื”ื•ื›ืจื–ื” ื›ืืชืจ ืžื•ืจืฉืช ืขื•ืœืžื™ืช ืฉืœ ืื•ื ืกืง"ื•.

Oaxaca - ื›ื•ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ื›ื™ืฉืจื•ืŸ

ื”ืขื™ืจ ืื•ืงืกืืงื” ื”ื™ื ืื—ืช ืžื›ืœื™ ื”ื”ื™ืชื•ืš ื”ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืงืกื™ืงื•. ื‘ื•ืื• ืœื˜ืขื•ื ืืช ื”ื—ื“ืฉ ื‘ื’ืœืจื™ื•ืช ืขื›ืฉื•ื•ื™ื•ืช ื›ืžื• ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืœืืžื ื•ืช ืื• ืงื•ื ื˜ื™ื ืคื•ืจื ื™ื• ืื• ื”ืžืชืจื—ืฉ ื‘ืžื›ื•ืŸ ื“ื” ืืจื˜ืก ื’ืจืืคืืงืก ื“ื” ืื•ืงืกืืงื”, ื•ืœื”ื•ืคืชืข ืžื”ื”ืฉืจืื” ืฉืœ ืื•ืžื ื™ื ืขืชื™ืงื™ื ื‘ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืจื•ืคื™ื ื• ื˜ืžืื™ื• ื”ื‘ืœืชื™ ื ืฉื›ื—.

Cacaxtla - ืงืกื ื”ืงื™ืจ

ืืจื›ื™ืื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื ืœืงื‘ื•ืข ืืช ื–ื”ื•ืชื ืฉืœ ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ ื”ืงื™ืจ ืื—ืจืื™ ืขืœ ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ ืงื™ืจ ืžืจื”ื™ื‘ื™ื ื‘ Cacaxtla, ืืชืจ ืขืชื™ืง ื•ืžืจืฉื™ื ื‘ืชื•ืš ื™ื•ื ืžืขื“ ืžืจื—ืง ืฉืœ ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ืกื™ื˜ื™. ืจื‘ื™ื ืžืŸ ื”ืกืžืœื™ื ื‘ื‘ื™ืจื•ืจ ื ื’ื–ืจ ื”ื”ืจืจื™ ื”ืžืงืกื™ืงื ื™, ื•ื‘ื›ืœ ื–ืืช ื”ืฉืคืขื” ืžืื™ื” ืžื“ืจื•ื ืžื–ืจื— ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ืžื•ืคื™ืข ื‘ื›ื•ืœื. ืกื’ื ื•ืŸ ื”ื™ื‘ืจื™ื“ื™ ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ ื”ืงื™ืจ ืฉืœ Cacaxtla, ื•ืืช ื”ื ื•ืฉื ืฉืœ ืกืคืงื•ืœืฆื™ื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช. ื” ืžื•ืจืืœ ื“ื” ืœื” ื‘ื˜ืœื” (ื› -700 ืœืกืคื™ืจื”), ื”ืžืชืืจืช โ€‹โ€‹ืงืจื‘ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืœื•ื—ืžื™ื ืื›ื–ืจื™ื™ื ื”ืขื˜ื•ืคื™ื ื‘ืขื•ืจื•ืช ื•ื’ื•ื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื™ื’ื•ืืจ, ื”ื™ื ื’ื•ืœืช ื”ื›ื•ืชืจืช ืœื ืจืง ืœืื™ื›ื•ืชื” ื”ืืžื ื•ืชื™ืช, ืืœื ื’ื ืœืžื‘ื˜ ื—ื˜ื•ืฃ ืขืœ ื”ืขื‘ืจ ื”ืจื—ื•ืง ื•ื”ื“ืจืžื˜ื™ ืฉืœ ืžืงืกื™ืงื•.

ืืžืจ adios ืžื•ื ื•ื˜ื•ื ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ื ื•ื›ืจื•ื ืฉืœื•ื! ื›ื“ื™ ื˜ื›ื ื™ืงื•ืœื•ืจ ืœื ืกื•ืข ืขื ื”ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืœื•ื ืœื™ ืคืœื ื˜ ืžืงืกื™ืงื•.

ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ืจื•ืขื ืŸ ื‘ื™ื•ื ื™ 2012

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ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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