ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉืจืฆื™ืช ืœื“ืขืช ืขืœ ื”ืฉืœืฉื•ืœ ืฉืœ ื”ื ื•ืกืข

ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉืจืฆื™ืช ืœื“ืขืช ืขืœ ื”ืฉืœืฉื•ืœ ืฉืœ ื”ื ื•ืกืข

ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื–ื” ืœื ื‘ืœืชื™ ื ืžื ืข ื›ื™ ืชืงื‘ืœ ืฉืœืฉื•ืœื™ื (ื”ื™ื“ื•ืข ื‘ื›ื™ื ื•ื™ื• 'ื ืงืžื” ืฉืœ ืžื•ื ื˜ื–ื•ืžื”', 'ื‘ื˜ืŸ ื“ืœื”ื™' ื•ื›ื• ') ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืฉืืชื” ืžืฉื, ื–ื” ื“ื™ ืกื‘ื™ืจ. ืขื™ื›ื•ืœ upsets ื”ื ื”ื ืคื•ืฆื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ืงืฉื•ืจื™ื ืœืžื—ืœื•ืช ื”ืงืฉื•ืจื•ืช, ื”ืžืฉืคื™ืขื™ื ืขืœ 30-50% ืฉืœ ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ืœื™ืขื“ื™ื ื˜ืจื•ืคื™ื™ื, ื›ืš ืฉืชื•ื›ืœ ื’ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ื›ืŸ.

ืืžื ื ื™ืฉื ื ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืฉืœืฉื•ืœ ื ื•ืกืขื™ื, ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืฉืœืš ืœื—ืœื•ืช ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืชืœื•ื™ ืขื“ ื›ืžื” ื–ื” ืกื‘ื™ืจ ื›ื™ ื”ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื•ื”ืžืฉืงืื•ืช ืฉืืชื” ืฆื•ืจื ืžื–ื•ื”ื ืขื ืžื—ืœื•ืช ื’ื•ืจืžื•ืช ืžื™ืงืจื•ืื•ืจื’ื ื™ื–ืžื™ื (ืื ื›ื™ ื›ืฉืœื™ืฉ ืžื”ืžืงืจื™ื ื”ื ื‘ืฉืœ ืกื™ื‘ื•ืช ืœื ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื•ืช ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืœื—ืฅ, ื’ 'ื˜ ื‘ืคื™ื’ื•ืจ ื•ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ื ื”ืจื’ืœื™ ืื›ื™ืœื”). ืื ืืชื” ืžื—ื•ืกืคืก ื–ื”, ื•ืื•ื›ืœ ื“ื•ื›ื ื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื ื•ืžืกืขื“ื•ืช ืฉื‘ื• ื”ื™ื’ื™ื™ื ื” ื”ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืขื™ื”, ืืชื” ืฆืคื•ื™ ืœืชืคื•ืก ืžืฉื”ื•. ืื ืืชื” ื ืžืฆื ื‘ืžืจื—ืง ื ืกื™ืขื” ืืจื•ื›ื”, ื™ืฉ ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืชืงื‘ืœ ื—ื•ืœื” ื‘ืฉืœื‘ ื›ืœืฉื”ื•.

ืœื ืžืคืชื™ืข, ืชืžืฆื ืฉืœืฉื•ืœื™ื ื ื•ืฉื ื—ื ืฉืœ ืฉื™ื—ื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื ื•ืกืขื™ื, ื•ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืงืฉื” ืœื”ืคืจื™ื“ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืขื•ื‘ื“ื•ืช ื‘ื“ื™ื•ื ื™ ื‘ื–ืžื ื™ื. ืจืง ืชื–ื›ื•ืจ:

  • ืฉืœืฉื•ืœ ื”ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ื”ื•ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืžื—ืœื” ืงืฆืจื” ื•ืžืชื•ื ื” ื”ื ืžืฉื›ืช ื‘ืžืžื•ืฆืข ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ืœื—ืžื™ืฉื” ื™ืžื™ื
  • ื”ื—ืœืคืช ื ื•ื–ืœื™ื ื•ืžืœื—ื™ื ืื‘ื•ื“ื™ื ื”ื™ื ื”ื—ืœืง ื”ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื‘ื›ืœ ืฉืœืฉื•ืœื™ื ืžื™ืžื™ื™ื, ืชื”ื ื”ืกื™ื‘ื” ืืฉืจ ืชื”ื
  • ืืชื” ืœื ืฆืจื™ืš ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืœืงื‘ืœ ื™ื™ืขื•ืฅ ืจืคื•ืื™ ืื• ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืื ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ื˜ื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืฉืœืฉื•ืœ ืžืชื•ืŸ ืขื“ ื‘ื™ื ื•ื ื™
  • ื™ืฉื ื ืžืฆื‘ื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ื›ืืฉืจ ืื ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ื˜ื™ืงื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืฉืžืฉ - ื‘ืžืฆื‘ื™ื ืืœื” ืขื“ื™ืฃ ืœืงื‘ืœ ื™ื™ืขื•ืฅ ืจืคื•ืื™

ื”ื™ืžื ืขื•ืช ืžืฉืœืฉื•ืœื™ื

ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉืื ื—ื ื• ืœื ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœืฉืœื•ืœ ืื•ืชืš ืžื ืงื•ื“ืช ืžื“ื‘ืจ ืžืจืชืงืช ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ืฉืœืš, ื–ื” ืœืœื ืกืคืง ืขื“ื™ืฃ ืœื”ื™ืžื ืข ืœืงื‘ืœ ืฉืœืฉื•ืœื™ื ืžืœื›ืชื—ื™ืœื”. ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื”ื›ื ื” ืœื ื”ื™ื’ื™ื™ื ื™ื•ืช ืœืžื™ื ื•ืžื™ื ืžื–ื•ื”ืžื™ื ื”ื ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ื ืคื•ืฆื™ื ืœืฉืœืฉื•ืœ ืฉืœ ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื. ื–ื” ื ืฉืžืข ื’ืก, ืื‘ืœ ื‘ืขืฆื ืืชื” ืžืงื‘ืœ ืฉืœืฉื•ืœื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืื›ื™ืœืช ืฆื•ืื” ืฉืœ ืื ืฉื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืžื–ื•ื”ื, ืžื™ื ื•ื›ืœื™ ืื›ื™ืœื”. ื”ื™ื“ื™ื™ื ื”ืžืฉืžืฉื•ืช ืœื”ื›ื ืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืœื ื”ื™ื• ื ืฉื˜ืคื™ื ื‘ื™ืกื•ื“ื™ื•ืช ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ ื˜ื•ืืœื˜. ื–ื‘ื•ื‘ื™ื ื ื•ืฉืื™ื ืขืคืจ ื•ืžื™ืงืจื•ืื•ืจื’ื ื™ื–ืžื™ื ืขืœ ืจื’ืœื™ื”ื. ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืžืื•ื‘ืงื™ื, ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™ื™ื, ื˜ื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืžืจ ื™ื‘ืฉ ื™ื‘ืฉ ืฆืฃ ื‘ืื˜ืžื•ืกืคืจื”, ื•ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื ื—ื•ืช ืขืœ ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื ืฉืืจ ื™ื•ืฉื‘.

ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื’ื ืœืงื‘ืœ ืฉืœืฉื•ืœื™ื ืžืžื’ืข ื™ืฉื™ืจ ืขื ืื“ื ื ื’ื•ืข (ืื ืืชื” ื ื•ื’ืข ื”ื™ื“ื™ื™ื ื•ื›ื• 'ื›ื™ ืœื ื ืฉื˜ืคื• ื›ืจืื•ื™) ืื• ืžืฉื—ื™ื™ื” ื‘ืžื™ื ืžื–ื•ื”ืžื™ื (ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื‘ืœื™ืขื” ื›ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ืงื˜ื ื•ืช). ื›ืžื” ืกื•ื›ื ื™ ื–ื™ื”ื•ื ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื’'ื™ืืจื“ื™ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืฉืจื•ื“ ื’ื ื‘ืžื™ื ื›ืœื•ืจื™ื, ื•ื ื”ืจื•ืช ื•ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืกื™ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื–ื•ื”ืžื™ื ืขื ื‘ื™ื•ื‘.

ืกื•ื’ื™ ืฉืœืฉื•ืœื™ื

ืžื™ืงืจื•ืื•ืจื’ื ื™ื–ืžื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ืœืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื—ืœื•ืช ืฉืœืฉื•ืœื™ื, ืืฉืจ ื™ื™ืชื›ืŸ ืฉื™ื”ื™ื” ืฆื•ืจืš ืœื˜ืคืœ ื‘ื”ื ื‘ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื•ืช. ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื”ืฉื’ื™ื— ืขืœื™ื”ื ื”ื: ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื” ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื”, ื“ื ื‘ืฆื•ืื” ืฉืœืš ื•ื›ืžื” ื—ืžื•ืจื” ื”ืฉืœืฉื•ืœ, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ื›ืžื” ืคืขืžื™ื ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืœื›ืช ืœืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ื.

ืฉืœืฉื•ืœ ืžื™ืžื™ - ื–ื” ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœืฉื•ืœ ืืชื” ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืงื‘ืœ ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ืžืฉื. ื”ืกื™ื‘ื” ืžืฉืชื ื” ืขื ื”ื™ืขื“ ืฉืœืš, ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื—ื™ื™ื“ืงื™, ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื–ืŸ ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื™ื“ืง ืฉื ืงืจื ืื™ ืงื•ืœื™. ืงืจื•ื‘ื™ ืžืฉืคื—ื” ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื™ื“ืง ื–ื” ื”ื ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ื ื•ืจืžืœื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ื˜ืŸ ืฉืœืš, ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ืžืืžืฅ ืฉื”ืคืš ืžื’ืขื™ืœ.

ื”ืชืกืจื™ื˜ ื”ืจื’ื™ืœ ื”ื•ื ืฉื”ืžื—ืœื” ืžืชื—ื™ืœื” ื›ืžื” ื™ืžื™ื ืœืื—ืจ ื”ื’ืขืชืš, ื•ื”ื™ื ื›ื•ืœืœืช ืขื“ ืฉื™ืฉื” ืคืจืงื™ื ืฉืœ ืฆื•ืื” ืจื•ืคืคืช ื‘ื™ื•ื. ืืชื” ืขืœื•ืœ ืœืจื—ื ืขืœ ืขืฆืžืš, ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืœื ื’ื•ืจื ืœืš ืœื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ ืœื ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“. ืื ืืชื” ืžืงื‘ืœ ื—ื•ื ืขื ื–ื”, ื–ื” ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื ืžื•ืš (ืคื—ื•ืช ืž 38 ° C). ื‘ื—ื™ืœื•ืช ื•ื”ืงืื•ืช ื ืคื•ืฆื™ื, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ื”ืชื—ืœื”, ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ืœื ืžืืคื™ื™ืŸ ืขื™ืงืจื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื—ืœื” (ืœื”ืฉื•ื•ืช ื–ืืช ืขื ื”ืจืขืœืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ). ื›ืื‘ื™ ื‘ื˜ืŸ, ื ืคื™ื—ื•ืช ื’ื– ืชื›ื•ืคื™ื ื”ื ื’ื ื ืคื•ืฆื™ื.

ื”ืžื—ืœื” ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืคื•ืชืจ ืืช ืขืฆืžื• ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื›ืžื” ื™ืžื™ื (ื‘ืžืžื•ืฆืข ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ืขื“ ื—ืžื™ืฉื”). ื–ื” ืœืขืชื™ื ืจื—ื•ืงื•ืช ื’ื•ืจื ืœื”ืชื™ื™ื‘ืฉื•ืช ื—ืžื•ืจื”, ืื ื›ื™ ื”ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœ ื”ื•ื ืชืžื™ื“ ืฉื, ื•ื”ื•ื ืžื”ื•ื•ื” ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื™ืœื“ื™ื ื•ืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื ืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื. ืื™ืŸ ืคืื ื™ืงื” ื•ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืœื“ื—ื•ืก ืืช ืขืฆืžืš ืขื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืช. ืืžืฆืขื™ ื”ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื”ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื•ื ืœืžื ื•ืข ื”ืชื™ื™ื‘ืฉื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื—ืœืคืช ื ื•ื–ืœื™ื ืื‘ื•ื“ื™ื ื•ืžืœื—ื™ื, ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืžื™ื“.

ืฉืœืฉื•ืœ ืžื“ืžื (ื“ื™ื–ื ื˜ืจื™ื”) - ื“ื™ื–ื ื˜ืจื™ื” ื”ื™ื ืฉืœืฉื•ืœื™ื ืขื ื“ื. ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื—ืžื•ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืžื•ืฉืš ืžืืฉืจ ืฉืœืฉื•ืœื™ื ืžื™ืžื™ื™ื ื ืคื•ืฆื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืชื™ืืจ ืงื•ื“ื ืœื›ืŸ, ื•ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืฆืจื™ืš ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืื ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ื˜ื™. ืžืชื•ืš ื›ืœ 10 ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ืืฉืจ ืžืงื‘ืœื™ื ืฉืœืฉื•ืœื™ื, ืจืง ืขืœ ืื—ื“ ื™ื”ื™ื” ื“ื™ื–ื ื˜ืจื™ื”. ื”ืกื™ื‘ื” ื”ืฉื›ื™ื—ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื™ื ืื—ื“ ืžืžืกืคืจ ื—ื™ื™ื“ืงื™ื, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืžื™ื ื™ ืฉื™ื’ืœื” ื•ืกืœืžื•ื ืœื” ืฉื•ื ื™ื.

ื“ื™ื–ื ื˜ืจื™ื” ืžืชื—ื™ืœื” ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื‘ืกื™ืžืคื˜ื•ืžื™ื ืœื ื“ืžื•ื™ื™ ืฉืคืขืช, ื•ืืชื” ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ืœืขื™ืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืžื—ื•ืกืคืก ืžืื•ื“, ืขื ื›ืื‘ ืจืืฉ, ื—ื•ื ื’ื‘ื•ื” (38 ืžืขืœื•ืช ืฆืœื–ื™ื•ืก ื•ืžืขืœื”), ื›ืื‘ื™ื ื•ื›ืื‘ื™ื ื‘ื›ืœ ืจื—ื‘ื™. ืจืืฉื™ืช, ื”ืฉืœืฉื•ืœ ื”ื•ื ืœืขื™ืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืžื™ืžื™ ื•ื‘ื›ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช; ืžืื•ื—ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื•ื ืžืงื‘ืœ ืคื—ื•ืช ื•ืืชื” ืžืชื—ื™ืœ ืœืฉื™ื ืœื‘ ื“ื ืจื™ืจ (ืจืคืฉ) ืžืขื•ืจื‘ื‘ ื”ืฆื•ืื” ืฉืœืš. ื›ืื‘ื™ ื‘ื˜ืŸ ื›ื•ืื‘ื™ื ื”ื ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืชื›ื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžื—ืœื”, ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืžื‘ืฉืจ ืžืงืฃ ืืœ ื”ื—ื“ืจ ื”ืงื˜ืŸ.

ืงื‘ืœ ื™ื™ืขื•ืฅ ืจืคื•ืื™ ืื ื™ืฉ ืœืš ื“ื™ื–ื ื˜ืจื™ื”, ื›ืคื™ ืฉืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ืžืขื‘ื“ื” ืงื•ืจืก ืฉืœ ืื ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ื˜ื™ืงื”. ื‘ื™ื ืชื™ื™ื, ื”ืฉืืจ ื•ื•ื“ื ืฉืืชื” ืฉื•ืชื” ื”ืจื‘ื” ื ื•ื–ืœื™ื.

ื”ืงืื•ืช ื•ืฉืœืฉื•ืœื™ื - ืื ืคืชืื•ื ืืชื” ืžืงื‘ืœ ื”ืชืงืฃ ืฉืœ ื‘ื—ื™ืœื•ืช ื• ื”ืงืื•ืช ืคื–ืจื ื™ ืžื™ื“ ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืื›ื™ืœื”, ื–ื” ื›ื ืจืื” ื‘ื’ืœืœ ื”ืจืขืœืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ. ื–ื•ื”ื™ ื‘ืขื™ื” ืขื•ืœืžื™ืช, ื›ื™ ืกื‘ื™ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ืื•ื›ืœ ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืœื ืžื•ื›ืŸ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืขืฆืžืš, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื”ื›ื ื” ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื ื”ืœื™ ื”ืื—ืกื•ืŸ ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื—ืฉื•ื“.

ื”ืงืื•ืช ื”ื•ื ื”ืกื™ืžืคื˜ื•ื ื”ืขื™ืงืจื™, ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืขื ื”ืชื›ื•ื•ืฆื•ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื‘ื˜ืŸ ื•ื›ืžื” ืฉืœืฉื•ืœ ืžื™ืžื™ ืžืื•ื—ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ. ืื•ืœื™ ื™ืฉ ืœืš ื—ืฉื“ ืฉืื›ืœืช ืžืฉื”ื• ืฉืœื ื”ื™ื” ื˜ืจื™ (ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื™ื); ืจืžื– ื ื•ืกืฃ ื”ื•ื ืื ื›ืœ ืžื™ ืื›ืœ ืื•ืชื• ื“ื‘ืจ ืžื’ื™ืข ืขื ืื•ืชื” ืžื—ืœื”.

ืื™ืŸ ืฆื•ืจืš ื‘ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ ื›ื›ืœืœ. ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื ื•ื—, ืœืœื’ื•ื ื ื•ื–ืœื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื“ืช ื”ืืคืฉืจ, ื•ืœื—ื›ื•ืช ื–ื” ืœื”ืชื™ื™ืฉื‘, ืืฉืจ ื”ื•ื ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื‘ืขืจืš 12 ืขื“ 24 ืฉืขื•ืช. ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ, ืขื“ื™ืฃ ืœื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžืชืจื•ืคื•ืช ื ื’ื“ ื”ืงืื•ืช, ื›ืžื• ื”ืงืื” ื”ื™ื ื”ื“ืจืš ืฉืœ ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœืš ืœื”ื™ืคื˜ืจ ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืจืขื™ื. ืขืœื™ืš ืœื‘ืงืฉ ืขื–ืจื” ืจืคื•ืื™ืช ื‘ื“ื—ื™ืคื•ืช ืื ื”ืžื—ืœื” ืœื ืชืชืžืงื ื‘ืชื•ืš 24 ืฉืขื•ืช, ืื ื”ื™ื ืชื”ื™ื” ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื’ืจื•ืขื”, ืื ื™ืฉ ื“ื ื‘ื”ืงืื•ืช ืื• ื‘ืฉืœืฉื•ืœื™ื, ืื ื™ืฉ ืœืš ื—ื•ื ื’ื‘ื•ื” ืื• ืื ื™ืฉ ืœืš ื›ืื‘ื™ ื‘ื˜ืŸ ืงืฉื™ื ืžืื•ื“ ืื• ื›ืื‘ ืจืืฉ ื—ื–ืง.

ื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ื•ืช ืขื ืฉืœืฉื•ืœื™ื

ืื ืฉืœืฉื•ืœ ืคื•ื’ืข, ืืชื” ืœื ื‘ื”ื›ืจื— ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืขืจื›ืช ื”ืจืคื•ืื” ืฉืœืš ืขื‘ื•ืจ "stoppers" ื• ืื ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ื˜ื™ืงื”; ื™ืฉ ื›ืžื” ืฆืขื“ื™ื ืคืฉื•ื˜ื™ื ืฉื›ื“ืื™ ืœืงื—ืช:

  • ืžื ื•ื—ื” - ื–ื” ื ื•ืชืŸ ืœื’ื•ืฃ ืืช ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื”ื™ืœื—ื ื‘ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉืขื•ืฉื” ืื•ืชืš ื—ื•ืœื”; ื‘ื›ืœ ืžืงืจื”, ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ืžื”ืœืš ืขื ืฉืœืฉื•ืœื™ื ืžืฆื™ื’ ื›ืžื” ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืœื•ื’ื™ืกื˜ื™ื•ืช
  • ืœืฉืชื•ืช ื”ืจื‘ื” ื ื•ื–ืœื™ื
  • ืงื— ืืช ื”ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื” ืฉืœืš ื•ืœืฉื™ื ืœื‘ ืžื” ื–ื”; ืœื—ื–ื•ืจ ืขืœ ื–ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœืจืื•ืช ืื™ืš ื”ืžื—ืœื” ืžืชืงื“ืžืช
  • ื‘ื“ื•ืง ืžื” ื™ื•ืฆื ืžืชื•ืš ื”ืื•ืžืฅ ืฉืœืš ื›ื“ื™ ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ื“ื ืื• ืจื™ืจ (ืจืคืฉ)
  • Bbe ืžื•ื“ืข ื›ืžื” ืคืขืžื™ื ืืชื” ืขื•ื‘ืจ ืฉืชืŸ ื•ืื™ื–ื” ืฆื‘ืข ื–ื”, ืื– ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืฉืืชื” ืœื ืžืงื‘ืœ ืžื™ื•ื‘ืฉ
  • ืฉื™ืžื• ืœื‘ ืœืกื™ืžืคื˜ื•ืžื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื›ื - ืฉืœืฉื•ืœ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืชืจื—ืฉ ื‘ืžื—ืœื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืžืœืจื™ื” ื•ื“ืœืงืช ื›ื‘ื“
  • ื–ื›ื•ืจ ื›ื™ ืฉืœืฉื•ืœ ื”ื•ื ืžื“ื‘ืง ื›ืœ ื›ืš ืœื”ืงืคื™ื“ ืขืœ ืฉื˜ื™ืคืช ื”ื™ื“ื™ื™ื ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ื

ืžื” ืœืฉืชื•ืช

ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื—ืœื™ืฃ ืืช ืžื” ื”ื•ืœืš ืœืื™ื‘ื•ื“ ื“ืจืš ื”ืฉืœืฉื•ืœ ื•ื›ืœ ื”ืงืื•ืช: ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืžืœื—ื™ื (ื ืชืจืŸ, ืืฉืœื’ืŸ ื•ื›ืœื•ืจื™) ื•ืžื™ื. ืฉืงื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืœื—ื™ ื”ืชื™ื™ื‘ืฉื•ืช ืื•ืจืืœื™ (ORS) ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื•ื›ื•ืœืœื•ืช ื›ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ืื•ืคื˜ื™ืžืœื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื’ืœื•ืงื•ื– ื•ืžืœื—. ืื™ืŸ ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ ืงืกื ื‘- ORS, ืื‘ืœ ื”ื›ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ื™ื—ืกื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืœื— ื•ืกื•ื›ืจ ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื™ื. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืžืฆื™ื ืืช ื”ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ืฉืœืš ืื ื™ืฉ ืฆื•ืจืš ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื•ืกืคืช ืฉืฉ ื›ืคื™ื•ืช ืกื•ื›ืจ (ืื• ื“ื‘ืฉ) ื•ื—ืฆื™ ื›ืคื™ืช ืžืœื— ืฉื•ืœื—ืŸ ืœ 1 ืœื™ื˜ืจ ืžื™ื ืจื•ืชื—ื™ื. ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื–ื” ื˜ืขื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื•ืกืคืช ื›ืœ ื˜ืขื ืฉืืชื” ืื•ื”ื‘, ืœืžืฉืœ ืœื™ืžื•ืŸ, ื–ื ื’ื‘ื™ืœ ืื• ืžื™ืฅ ืชืคื•ื–ื™ื.

ืืœื›ื•ื”ื•ืœ, ืชื” ื—ื–ืง, ืงืคื” ื•ืฉืืจ ืžืฉืงืื•ืช ื”ืžื›ื™ืœื™ื ืงืคืื™ืŸ (ื›ื’ื•ืŸ colas) ื”ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื ืžื ืขื™ื ื›ื™ ื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื’ืจื•ืช ืืช ื”ืžืขื™ื™ื ื•ืœืงื“ื ืื•ื‘ื“ืŸ ื ื•ื–ืœื™ื. ืขื“ื™ืฃ ืœื”ืชืจื—ืง ืžืžื•ืฆืจื™ ื—ืœื‘ ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืฉื™ืฉ ืœืš ืฉืœืฉื•ืœ - ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืงื‘ืœ ื—ื•ืกืจ ืกื•ื‘ืœื ื•ืช ืœืกื•ื›ืจ ื‘ื—ืœื‘ ื›ืืฉืจ ื™ืฉ ืœืš ืฉืœืฉื•ืœ, ืืฉืจ ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ ืžื—ืจื™ืฃ ืืช ื”ื‘ืขื™ื”.

ืชืจื•ืคื•ืช Antidiarrhoeal

ื™ืฉื ืŸ ืชืจื•ืคื•ืช ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื ืงื•ื˜ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืขืฆื•ืจ ืื•ืชืš ืื ืืชื” ืžืงื‘ืœ ืฉืœืฉื•ืœื™ื, ืื‘ืœ ื›ื›ืœืœ, ืืชื” ื˜ื•ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืืคืฉืจ ืืช ื”ืžื—ืœื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืคืขื™ืœ ืืช ื”ืงื•ืจืก. ืชืจื•ืคื•ืช antimotility (ื›ืœื•ืžืจ "stoppers") ื›ืžื• loperamide, diphenoxylate (ืขื ืื˜ืจื•ืคื™ืŸ) ื• ืคื•ืกืคื˜ ืงื•ื“ืื™ืŸ ืœื”ืื˜ ืืช ื”ืื•ืžืฅ ืฉืœืš, ืฆืžืฆื•ื ืžืกืคืจ ืคืขืžื™ื ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื‘ืงืจ ืืช ื”ื—ื“ืจ ื”ืงื˜ืŸ. ืืœื” ื ืžื›ืจื™ื ืชื—ืช ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืจื—ื‘ ืฉืœ ืžื•ืชื’ื™ื ื•ื”ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ืœืœื ืžืจืฉื. ืคืงืงื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉื™ื™ื ืื ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื ืกื•ืข ืขืœ ืžืฆื‘ ืืกืœื” ืคื—ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืชื—ื‘ื•ืจื” ืื• ืœื”ืฉืชืชืฃ ื‘ืคื’ื™ืฉื” ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื”, ืื‘ืœ ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ืชื™ื™ื—ืก ืืœื™ื”ื ืขื ืงืฆืช ื›ื‘ื•ื“. ืื ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืงื—ืช ืื•ืชื, ืœื”ื™ื–ื”ืจ ืœื ืœืงื—ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืืฉืจ ื”ืžื™ื ื•ืŸ ื”ืžื•ืžืœืฅ.

ื‘ื™ืกืžื•ื˜ subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol) ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉื™ ื‘ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืฉืœืฉื•ืœื™ื, ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื–ื” ืคื—ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœ ืžืืฉืจ ืชืจื•ืคื•ืช antimotility. ื‘ื™ืกืžื•ื˜ ืœื ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืงื—ืช ืื ื™ืฉ ืœืš ืืกื˜ืžื” ืื• ืื ืืชื” ืœื•ืงื— ืืกืคื™ืจื™ืŸ, ืจื’ื™ืฉื™ื ืœืืกืคื™ืจื™ืŸ ืื• ื ืืžืจ ืœื”ื ืœื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžืืกืคื™ืจื™ืŸ ืžื›ืœ ืกื™ื‘ื” ืฉื”ื™ื. ืœื—ืœื•ืคื™ืŸ, ืฉืžืŸ ืžื ื˜ื” ื”ื•ื antispasmodic ืฉืขืฉื•ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืขื™ืœ ืื ืืชื” ื—ื•ื•ื” cramps ื”ื‘ื˜ืŸ. ืื™ืŸ ืœื• ืชื•ืคืขื•ืช ืœื•ื•ืื™ ืจืฆื™ื ื™ื•ืช. ืชื” ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžืงื•ืžื™ ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืขื™ืœ ืขื‘ื•ืจ cramps ืžืจื’ื™ืข ื‘ื‘ื˜ืŸ.

ืึทื ึฐื˜ึดื™ื‘ึผึดื™ื•ึนื˜ึดื™ืงึธื”

ืื ืืชื” ื—ื•ืœื” ืงืฉื” ืื• ื”ืฉืœืฉื•ืœ ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืœื ื™ื™ืขืœื, ืืชื” ื›ื ืจืื” ืฆืจื™ืš ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืื ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ื˜ื™. ื‘ืžืฆื‘ ื–ื”, ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื—ืคืฉ ื™ื™ืขื•ืฅ ืจืคื•ืื™ ืขืœ ื”ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื”ืžืชืื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื™ื™ืชื›ืŸ ืฉื™ื”ื™ื” ืขืœื™ืš ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ืžืขื‘ื“ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœืงื‘ื•ืข ืืช ื”ื’ื•ืจื ืฉืœ ื”ืžื—ืœื” ืฉืœืš. ื–ื›ื•ืจ ื›ื™ ื‘ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืžืงืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืฉืœืฉื•ืœ ืฉืœ ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ืœื ืฆืจื™ืš ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืขื ืื ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ื˜ื™ืงื”, ื•ื›ืŸ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœื ืงื•ืช ืืช ืขืฆืžื ื‘ืชื•ืš ื›ืžื” ื™ืžื™ื.

ืื ืœื˜ืคืœ ื‘ืฉืœืฉื•ืœ ืžื™ืžื™ ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืขื ืื ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ื˜ื™ืงื” ื”ื•ื ื”ืจื‘ื” ืคื—ื•ืช ื‘ืจื•ืจ, ื•ื–ื” ื‘ืขื™ื” ื”ืžื•ืžื—ื™ื ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืกื›ื™ื ืขืœ. ื™ืฉื ืŸ ืขื“ื•ื™ื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช ืœื›ืš ืฉืœืงื—ืช ืžื™ื ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืื ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ื˜ื™ืงื” (ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ciprofloxacin 500mg, ืžื ื” ื‘ื•ื“ื“ืช) ืขื loperamide (ืชืจื•ืคืช ืื ื˜ื™-ืื™ืžื•ื˜ื™) ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ืคื—ื™ืช ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื“ืจืžื˜ื™ ืืช ืื•ืจืš ืžื—ืœืช ื”ืฉืœืฉื•ืœื™ื. ื‘ื’ืœืœ ื–ื”, ื›ืžื” ืจื•ืคืื™ื ื™ืžืœื™ืฅ ืœืš ืœืฉืืช ืžื ื” ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืฉืœ ืื ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ื˜ื™ืงื” ืœืงื—ืช ื‘ืจื’ืข ืฉืืชื” ืœืคืชื— ืฉืœืฉื•ืœื™ื. ืื—ืจื™ื, ืื™ ืคืขื, ื˜ื•ืขื ื™ื ื›ื™ ื”ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืื™ื ื ืžืงื•ื–ื–ื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื (ื›ื•ืœืœ ืชื•ืคืขื•ืช ืœื•ื•ืื™ ืืคืฉืจื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืื ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ื˜ื™ืงื” ื•ืืช ื”ื•ืคืขืชื” ืฉืœ ืขืžื™ื“ื•ืช ื—ื™ื™ื“ืงื™ืช) ื•ื›ื™ ื‘ื›ืœ ืžืงืจื” ืฉืœืฉื•ืœื™ื ืืฆืœ ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ื”ื™ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืžื—ืœื” ืงืœื” ื›ื™ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœื ืงื•ืช ืžืกืคื™ืง ืžื”ืจ ืขืœ ืฉืœื”. ืขืœ ื”ืื™ื–ื•ืŸ, ื–ื” ื›ื ืจืื” ืฉื•ื•ื” ืฉื™ืฉ ืงื•ืจืก ืื ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ื˜ื™ืงื” ืื™ืชืš, ืื‘ืœ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืืช ื–ื” ืขืœ ื”ืชืงืคื” ื’ืจื•ืขื” ืฉืœ ืฉืœืฉื•ืœื™ื ืžื™ืžื™ื™ื (dashing ืœืืกืœื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืฉืฉ ืคืขืžื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ื).

ืžืกืขื•ืช ื‘ื‘ื˜ื—ื” ื•ืฉืœืฉื•ืœ ื—ื™ื ื!

ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ืงื˜ืข ืžืชื•ืš ืกื“ืจืช Lonely Planet ืฉืœ ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ืจื™ืื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื“"ืจ ืื™ื–ื‘ืœ ื™ืื ื’ ื•ื“"ืจ ื˜ื•ื ื™ Gherardin, ื–ืžื™ืŸ ื‘ืžื”ื“ื•ืจื•ืช Regionalized ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืืคืจื™ืงื”, ืžืจื›ื– ื•ื“ืจื•ื ืืžืจื™ืงื”, ื•ืืกื™ื” ื•ื”ื•ื“ื•

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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