ื”ืžืกืชื•ืจื™ืŸ ืฉืœ ืื™ ื”ืคืกื—ื: ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœ Tapati Rapa Nui

ื”ืžืกืชื•ืจื™ืŸ ืฉืœ ืื™ ื”ืคืกื—ื: ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœ Tapati Rapa Nui

ืื™ ื”ืคืกื—ื, ื ืงื•ื“ื” ื–ืขื™ืจื” ื‘ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก โ€‹โ€‹ื”ืฉืงื˜, ื™ื“ื•ืข ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื‘ื–ื›ื•ืช ืคืกืœื™ ื”ืื‘ืŸ ืฉืœื•. ืชืŸ ืืœื” ื™ืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ื—ื’ื™ื’ื™ื•ืช ืœืฆื™ื™ืจ ืื•ืชืš ื”ืฉื ืชื™ Tapati Rapa Nui, ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœ ืชื•ืกืกืช ื—ื•ื’ื’ืช ืืช ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ืคื•ืœื™ื ื–ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืื™, ืขื ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื–ื” ืžื’ื–ื™ืŸ ืœื•ื ืœื™ ืคืœืื ื˜.

ื”ื›ืœืœื™ื ืฉืœ Haka Pei, ื”ืื™ืจื•ืข ื”ืฆืคื•ื™ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœ ื”ืฉื ืชื™ Tapati Rapa Nui ื”ืฉื ืชื™, ื”ื ืคืฉื•ื˜ื™ื: ืœืขืžื•ื“ ืขื™ืจื•ื ืื‘ืœ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื—ืœืฆื™ื™ื ื‘ื—ืœืง ื”ืขืœื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืจ ื’ืขืฉ 300m ื’ื‘ื•ื”, ืœื”ื—ื–ื™ืง ื‘ืฉื ื™ ื’ื–ืขื™ ื‘ื ื ื” ืงืฉืจื• ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ื—ื•ื˜ืคื™ื ืืช ืขืฆืžื›ื ื•ืจืฆื™ื ืืช ืขืฆืžื›ื ืงื“ื™ืžื” - ื‘ืžื•ืจื“ ื”ื’ื‘ืขื”, ื•ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ืœืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ 50 ืงืž"ืฉ ืœืคื ื™ ื”ื—ืœืงื” ื•ื ืขืฆืจื™ื ืœืคื ื™ ืงื”ืœ ืฆื•ืขืง.

ื‘ื‘ื ื™ื™ืŸ, ื”ืฆื•ืคื™ื ื”ืฆื™ื‘ื• ืฉืžื™ื›ื•ืช ืคื™ืงื ื™ืง ื•ืงื•ืคืกืื•ืช ืงืจื˜ื•ืŸ ื‘ื›ืœ ืคื™ืกื•ืช ืฉืœ ืฆืœ ืฉื™ื›ืœื• ืœืžืฆื•ื, ืžื•ื›ื ื™ื ืœื‘ื™ืœื•ื™ ื™ื•ื. ื›ืžื• ื—ื’ ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ ื™ืฆื ืœื“ืจืš, ืขื ืžืืจื’ื ื™ ื”ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœ ืืคื™ื™ื” ืžืกืคื™ืง ื“ื’ื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืื›ื™ืœ 1500, ืงื”ื™ืœื” ืžืื•ืœืชืจืช ืฆืฆื”: ืœื”ืงืช ืืงื•ืจื“ื™ื•ืŸ ืฉื™ื—ืง ืžืชื—ืช ืœื‘ื™ืชืŸ, ืžืฉืคื—ื•ืช ืžื›ืจ ืืžืคื ื“ืืก, ืงื•ืจื•ื ื” ื• ืกืคืจื™ื™ื˜ ืž ื”ืื—ื•ืจื™ ืฉืœ ื”ื’ 'ื™ืคื™ื ืฉืœื”ื, ื•ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืฉื™ื—ืงื• ืžื•ื–ื™ืงื” ืคื•ืคื•ืœื™ื ื™ืช ืคื•ืค ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืจืžืงื•ืœื™ื ื ื™ื™ื“ื™ื.

ืœืžืจื’ืœื•ืช ืžืื•ื ื’ื” ืคื•ืื™ ื”ืžืฉื™ื›ื• ืžืฉื—ืงื™ ื˜ืืคืื˜ื™. ื”ืžืชื—ืจื™ื ื–ืจืงื• ื—ื ื™ืชื•ืช ืืจื•ื›ื•ืช ืœืขื‘ืจ ืขืžื“ื” ืžืจื•ื—ืงืช, ื•ื›ืœ ืฉื‘ื™ืชื” ืงื™ื“ืžื” ืืช ื”ืชื•ืคื™ื ื‘ืคืจืื•ืช, ืจื•ืงื“ื™ื ื•ืงืจื™ืื•ืช ืขื™ื“ื•ื“ ืžืŸ ื”ืงื”ืœ. ื‘ืฉื•ื‘ื• ืžืŸ ื”ื”ืžื•ืœื”, ืขืžื“ ืื•ื”ืœ ื™ืจื•ืง ืขืœ ืจืงืข ืฉืžื™ื ื›ื—ื•ืœื™ื ื‘ื”ื™ืจื™ื. ื’ื‘ืจื™ื ื•ื ืฉื™ื ื‘ืื• ื•ื”ืœื›ื•, ื ื•ืฉืื™ื ื›ืœื™ื ืื• ืœื•ืขืกื™ื ืขืœ ืคืจื•ืกื•ืช ืื‘ื˜ื™ื—.

ื”ื ืก ืฉื™ืฉ ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื™ื” ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช ืœื—ื’ื•ื’ ื›ืืŸ ื‘ื›ืœืœ ืžืชื‘ื”ืจ ืžืจืืฉ ืžืื•ื ื’ื” ืคื•. ืžื›ืืŸ, ื”ืื™ ืžืฉืชืจืข. ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช ื™ืจื•ืงื•ืช ื‘ื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืžื’ืœื’ืœื•ืช ืžื˜ื” ืืœ ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืกืœืขื™ - ื•ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœื›ืš, ืื™ืŸ ื“ื‘ืจ ืžืœื‘ื“ ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก โ€‹โ€‹ื”ืื™ื ืกื•ืคื™ ื•ืขื™ืงื•ืœ ื”ืื•ืคืง. ืื™ืŸ ืขื•ื“ ืžืกื” ืงืจืงืขื™ืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ 1200 ืžื™ื™ืœื™ื. ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ืืฉืจ ืื™ ื”ืคืกื—ื ื”ื•ื ืฉื˜ื—, ื”ื•ื 2300 ืง"ืž ืžืžื–ืจื—. ืื™ืš ื–ื” ื ืงื•ื“ื” ื–ืขื™ืจื” ื‘ืืžืฆืข ืฉืœ ื“ืจื•ื ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก โ€‹โ€‹ื”ืฉืงื˜ ื”ื’ื™ืข ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื™ื•ืฉื‘ ื”ื•ื ื”ื ื•ืฉื ืฉืœ ื•ื™ื›ื•ื— ื›ืœืฉื”ื•, โ€‹โ€‹ืื‘ืœ ื”ืชื™ืื•ืจื™ื” ื”ืžืงื•ื‘ืœืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื™ื ื›ื™ seinarers ืคื•ืœื™ื ื–ื™ ื”ื’ื™ืขื• ืžืžืขืจื‘ ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืช 400 ืœืกืคื™ืจื”, ืื•ืœื™ ืžืŸ ื”ืฉื›ืŸ ื”ืงืจื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœื”ื, ืื™ื™ Pitcairn. ื ื•ื•ื˜ื™ื ืžื™ื•ืžื ื™ื, ื”ื ื–ืžืžื• ืืช ืžืกืœื•ืœื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื›ื•ื›ื‘ื™ื, ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก โ€‹โ€‹ื•ื”ืขื ื ื™ื, ื‘ืชืงื•ืคื” ืฉื‘ื” ื”ืื™ืจื•ืคื™ื ื”ืื™ืžื”ื™ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ืืžื™ื ื• ื›ื™ ื›ื“ื•ืจ ื”ืืจืฅ ืฉื˜ื•ื—, ื•ื”ื ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื™ืคื•ืœ ืžืžื ื• ืื ื”ื ื”ืคืœื™ื’ื• ืจื—ื•ืง ืžื“ื™.

ืฉืจื™ื“ื™ ื”ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ืงื“ืžืช ืฉืœ ื”ืคื•ืœื™ื ื–ื™ื ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื‘ื›ืœ ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืื™, ืžืžื’ื“ืœื™ ืื‘ืŸ ืฉืฉื™ืžืฉื• ื‘ืขื‘ืจ ื›ืžืจื™ื ืœืฉืจื˜ื•ื˜ ื”ื›ื•ื›ื‘ื™ื, ืœืืžื•ื ื•ืช ื˜ืคืœื•ืช ืขืชื™ืงื•ืช ื”ื ืžืฉื›ื•ืช ื‘ื ืคืฉ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช. ืขื ื–ืืช ื”ืžื•ืจืฉืช ื”ืžืชืžืฉื›ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœื”ื - ืื—ืช ื”ืžื‘ื™ืื” 85,000 ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ื‘ืฉื ื” ืœืื™ ื”ืžืจื•ื—ืง ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ื›ื•ื›ื‘ ื”ืœื›ืช, ื”ื moai. ืจืืฉื™ ื”ืื‘ืŸ ื”ืืœื”, ื‘ืขืœื™ ื’ื‘ื•ืช ื›ื‘ื“ื•ืช ื•ื”ื‘ืขื•ืช ืžื”ื•ืจื”ืจื•ืช, ืžื•ื›ืจื™ื ืœืื ืฉื™ื ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื, ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉืจืง ืžืขื˜ื™ื ื™ื›ืœื• ืœื”ืฆื™ื‘ ืืช ืื™ ื”ืคืกื—ื ืขืœ ืžืคื”.

ื•ืื›ืŸ, ื‘ืžืฉืš ื–ืžืŸ ืžื”, ื”ื ื”ื™ื• ื™ื•ืชืจ ื ื—ืฉืง ื‘ื—ื•"ืœ ืžืืฉืจ ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช: ืขื ื”ื’ืขืชื• ืฉืœ ื”ืงืชื•ืœื™ื•ืช ื‘ืžืื” ื” -19, ื”ืžืฉืžืขื•ืช ื”ืจื•ื—ื ื™ืช ืฉืœ moais ื“ืขื›ื” ื•ื”ื ื ืžื›ืจื• ื‘ืฉืžื—ื” ืœื•ื•ื™ืชื ื™ื, ื—ื•ืงืจื™ื ื•ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื. ืœืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื™ ื”ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื™ ื™ืฉ ืจืืฉ ืื‘ืŸ ืžืฉืœื• - ื”ื•ืื” ื”ืงืื ืื ื™ืืื” ื ืืกืฃ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืฆื™ ื”ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื™ ื‘ืžืกืข ื”ืกืงืจ ื‘ืฉื ืช 1868. ื”ืืงื ืื ื™ืื” ื ื™ื”ืœ ืคืขื ืืช ื”ื›ืคืจ ื”ืงื“ื•ืฉ ืื•ืจื•ื ื’ื•.

ืจื‘ื™ื ืžื”ืื™ ืฉืœ 887 moai ืฉืœ ื—ื’ ื”ืคืกื—ื ื ื—ืฆื‘ื• ื‘ืžืงื•ืจ ืžื”ืกืœืข ื”ืจื›ื” ืฉื ืžืฆื ื‘ืžื—ืฆื‘ืช ืจื ื• ืจืืจืงื• ืžืžื–ืจื— ืœืื•ืจื•ื ื’ื•. ื”ื™ื•ื ื”ื•ื ืžืขื™ืŸ ื‘ื™ืช ืงื‘ืจื•ืช ืžื•ื•ืื™, ื•ืจืืฉื™ ืื‘ืŸ ืžืฆื™ืฆื™ื ืžืชื•ืš ื”ืื“ืžื” ื‘ื–ื•ื•ื™ื•ืช ืขืฆื•ืžื•ืช ื•ื’ื•ืคื™ื ืžื•ื˜ืœื™ื ืฉื•ื›ื‘ื™ื ืขืœ ื’ื‘ืขื” ืžื“ื•ืœื“ืœืช. ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื•ืœื” ืžืขืœ 20 ืžื˜ืจ ื’ื‘ื•ื”. ื”ืืฃ ืื• ื”ื’ื‘ื•ืช ื”ื ื•ืงืฉื•ืช ืžื•ืคื™ืขื•ืช ื‘ื”ื“ืจื’ื” ื‘ืงื™ืจ ืกืœืข ื—ืกืจ ืชื›ืœื™ืช ืœื›ืื•ืจื”, ืขื“ื•ืช ืœื™ืฆื™ืจื” ืฉื”ืชืจื—ืฉื” ื›ืืŸ ืžื”ืžืื” ื” -14 ื•ืื™ืœืš. ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื‘ืคื•ืขืœ ื‘ ืจืื ื• Raraku ื”ื™ื ืœืขื–ื•ื‘ ืืช ื”ืคืกืœื™ื ืื™ืคื” ื”ื ืžืฉืงืจื™ื, ืืชืจื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืฉื•ื—ื–ืจื• ืงื™ืจื•ื‘ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืชื”ื™ืœื” ืฉืœื”ื ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ. ืขืœ ืžืคืจืฅ ืกื—ื•ืฃ ื‘ืจื•ื— ื”ืžื—ืฆื‘ื”, ืžืฆืข ืื‘ืŸ, ืื• ืื”ื•, ืžื—ื–ื™ืง 15 ืžื•ึผืื™, ืงื ืœืชื—ื™ื™ื” ื‘ืฉื ื•ืช ื” -90. ื›ืžื• ื‘ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืื—ืจื™ื, moai ื›ืืŸ ื‘ Tongariki ื”ื ื”ืคื’ื ื” ื’ืœื•ื™ื” ืฉืœ ื›ื•ื—ื• ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ืฉื‘ื˜, ื”ืžื™ื™ืฆื’ ืืช ื”ืจื•ื—, ื•ืื•ืœื™ ื’ื ืืช ื”ื“ืžื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืคื™ื–ื™, ืฉืœ ืื‘ื•ืชื™ื”ื.

ื‘ืื•ืจ ื”ืขืจื‘ ื”ืจืš, ื”ืžืกืœื•ืœ ื”ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืืœ ื”ืืชืจ ื–ื•ื”ืจ ื›ืชื•ื ืžืื‘ืง ืฉื ื‘ืข ืžืคืจื•ืช ื—ื•ืœืคื•ืช. ืฆืœืœื™ื ืžื—ืœื™ืงื™ื ื‘ืžื•ืจื“ ื”ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช, ืžืงืคืœื™ื ื—ืฆืจื•ืช ืงื˜ื ื•ืช ื•ืฉื•ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ืขืฆื™ ืืงืœื™ืคื˜ื•ืก ืืœ ืชื•ืš ื”ื—ืฉื™ื›ื” ื›ืฉื”ื ืžืชืงืจื‘ื™ื ืœืขื‘ืจ ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก. Moai ืขื•ืžื“ ื‘ืฉืงื˜ ืฆื•ืคื” ื‘ืฉืžื™ื, ื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ื ืขืฉื• ื‘ืžืฉืš ืžืื•ืช ืฉื ื™ื.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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