ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืœืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืœืžืฆืœืžื•ืช DSLR

ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืœืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืœืžืฆืœืžื•ืช DSLR

ืื– ื™ืฉ ืœืš ืžืฆืœืžื” ื—ื“ืฉื” ื•ืžื”ื•ื“ืจืช ืื‘ืœ ืœื ืขื‘ืจืชื™ ืืช ื”ื”ื’ื“ืจื•ืช ื”ืื•ื˜ื•ืžื˜ื™ื•ืช? ื™ืฉ ืœื ื• ื›ืžื” ื”ืฆืขื•ืช ืฉื™ืขื–ืจื• ืœื›ื ืœื˜ื‘ื•ืœ ืืช ื”ื‘ื”ื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ืžื™ื. ื›ืžื•ื‘ืŸ, ื™ืฉ ื”ืจื‘ื” ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืœื•ื˜, ืื‘ืœ ื”ื ื” ื—ืžื™ืฉื” ืฉื™ืขื•ืจื™ื ืžืจื›ื–ื™ื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืขืœ DSLR ืฉืœืš ืœืคื ื™ ื”ื›ื•ืชืจืช ืขืœ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ืฉืœืš.

1. ืขื“ื™ืคื•ืช ื”ืฆืžืฆื: ืชืŸ ืืช ื”ืื•ืจ ื”ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืคื ื™ืžื”

ืื—ื“ ื”ืืชื’ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืฆื™ืœื•ื ื”ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ื”ื•ื ืœื›ื™ื“ืช ืืช ื”ืจื’ืข. ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื›ืžื” ืžืจืื•ืช ื”ื ืกื˜ื˜ื™ื™ื (ื ื•ืฃ, ืžื‘ื ื™ื, ื•ื›ื• '), ืจื•ื‘ ื—ื•ืœืคื™ื. ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžื›ืš, ื”ืจื‘ื” DSLR ืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืื•ื˜ื•ืžื˜ื™ ืื•ื˜ื•ืžื˜ื™ (ืžืฆื‘ ื”ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช) ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื”ื ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ื™ื ืœื”ืชืจื›ื– ื‘ื”ืจื›ื‘ ืฉืœ ื”ืกืฆื™ื ื”. ืœืžืจื‘ื” ื”ืฆืขืจ, ืžืฆื‘ ื”ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช ื”ื•ื ืœืขืชื™ื ื ื“ื™ืจื•ืช ืขื“ ื”ืืชื’ืจ. ืื ื™ ืžืฆื™ืข ืœืš ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืžืฆื‘ ืขื“ื™ืคื•ืช ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื‘ืžืงื•ื.

ื–ื•ื”ื™ ื“ื•ื’ืžื” ืœืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื” ื”ืจื“ื•ื“ ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื’ื“ื•ืœ (ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ืžืกืคืจ ื ืžื•ืš: f / 2.8). ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื”ืชืžืงื“ื” ื‘ืื™ืฉื” ืฉื”ื•ืฆื™ืื” ืฉื™ืขืจ ืžื’ื‘ื”, ื”ืื™ืฉื” ื”ืงืจื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืžืฆืœืžื” ื”ื™ื ืœื ืžืžื•ืงื“ืช, ื›ืžื• ื’ื ื”ื’ื‘ืจ ื•ื”ืื•ืคื ื™ื™ื ืฉืžืื—ื•ืจื™ื•. (ื”ื• ืฆ'ื™ ืžื™ืŸ ืกื™ื˜ื™, ื•ื™ื™ื˜ื ืื)

ื‘ Aperture ืขื“ื™ืคื•ืช ืชื‘ื—ืจ, ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืœื ืžืคืชื™ืข, ื”ืฆืžืฆื - ื›ืœื•ืžืจ. ื›ืžื” ืื•ืจ ืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืœืชืช ืืช ื”ื–ืจื™ืงื” - ื•ืืช ื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ืžืชืื™ืžื” ืืช ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืชืจื™ืก ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื—ืฉื™ืคื” ื”ื ื›ื•ื ื”. ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ื›ืžื• ื”ืชืœืžื™ื“ื™ื ืฉืœืš ืžืชืจื—ื‘ื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืกืคื•ื’ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืื•ืจ ื‘ืœื™ืœื”, ื›ืืฉืจ ืงืฉื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืจืื•ืช ืื• ืœืคืฆื•ืช ืขืœ ืื•ืจ ื”ืฉืžืฉ ื”ืงืฉื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžืงื‘ืœ ืงื˜ืŸ ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื”ื’ื“ืจืช ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื”ื™ื ื“ืจืš ืžืœืื›ื•ืชื™ืช ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื–ื”.

ืขื“ืฉื” ื˜ื™ืคื•ืกื™ืช ื™ืฉ ื˜ื•ื•ื— ื”ืฆืžืฆื ืฉืœ 2.8 ืขื“ 22 (ืื•, ื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ื•ื ื›ืชื•ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ืจืื•ื™, f / 2.8 ืœ F / 22). ื›ื›ืœ ืฉื”ืžืกืคืจ ื ืžื•ืš ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื›ืš ื”ื—ื•ืจ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื•ื›ื›ืœ ืฉื™ื•ืชืจ ืื•ืจ ืืชื” ืžื›ื ื™ืก, ืงืฆืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืืช ืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื”. ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ืื ืืชื” ืžื’ื“ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืฆืžืฆื ืœ F / 2.8 ืื– ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืžื” ื”ืžืจื—ืง ืžื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ื”ื™ื ืœื”ืชืžืงื“ (ื”ื›ื™ ื ืžื•ืš "ืขื•ืžืง ืฉื“ื”" ืืคืงื˜ื™ื ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ืงืจื•ื‘ ืœื ื•ืฉื ืœื”ืชืžืงื“); ื•ืื™ืœื•, ืื ืืชื” ืžื’ื“ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืฆืžืฆื ืœ F / 22 ืื– (ื›ืžืขื˜ ืชืžื™ื“) ื”ื›ืœ ื‘ืžืกื’ืจืช ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœื”ืชืžืงื“ (ืงืจื•ื‘ ืื• ืจื—ื•ืง). ื›ื›ืœ ืฉื”ืื•ืจ ื”ืงืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉื”ื›ื ืกืช ืคื ื™ืžื”, ื›ืš ื’ื ื”ืคืจื˜ื™ื ื”ื—ื“ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื•ืœื›ืŸ ืฆืœืžื™ ื ื•ืฃ ื›ืžื• ืื ืกืœ ืื“ืžืก ื”ืขื“ื™ืคื• ืคืชื—ื™ื ืกื‘ื™ื‘ F / 64. ื“ื™ื•ืงื ืื•ืช ืฉืœ ืื ืฉื™ื, ืœืขื•ืžืช ื–ืืช, ื ืขืฉื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืื•ืจ (ืœืžืฉืœ ืฆืžืฆื ืžืกืคืจื™ื ืกื‘ื™ื‘ F / 2.8) ื›ืžื• ื–ื” ืžื˜ืฉื˜ืฉ ืืช ื”ืจืงืข, ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ืคืš ืืช ื”ืื“ื "ืคื•ืค", ื›ื‘ื™ื›ื•ืœ.

ืฉืชื™ ื”ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืœืœื• ื–ื”ื•ืช ื‘ืงื•ืžืคื•ื–ื™ืฆื™ื”, ืืš ื”ืชืžื•ื ื” ื‘ืฆื“ ืฉืžืืœ ืฆื•ืœืžื” ื‘ืฆืžืฆื ืฉืœ F / 2.8 (ื”ื—ื•ืจ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื“ืฉื”) ื•ื”ืื—ืช ื‘ืฆื“ ื™ืžื™ืŸ ื‘ F / 22 (ื”ื—ื•ืจ ื”ืงื˜ืŸ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ). ื‘ื’ื•ื“ืœ ืชืžื•ื ื” ื–ื” ื”ื ื ืจืื™ื ื™ืฉ ืืช ืื•ืชื” ื›ืžื•ืช ืฉืœ ืคืจื˜ื™ื, ืื‘ืœ ืื ืื ื—ื ื• ื–ื•ื ืขืœ ื”ืžื‘ื ื™ื ื‘ืจืงืข, ื”ืชืžื•ื ื” ืฉืฆื•ืœืžื” ื‘ F / 22 (ืžื™ืžื™ืŸ) ื”ื•ื ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื—ื“ื”.

ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื”ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื ื•ืฉื ืฉืœืš ื”ื•ื ืืžื ื•ืช ืœืคืขืžื™ื. ืขื ืชืžื•ื ืช ื”ืื•ื›ืœ ืœึฐื”ึทืœึธืŸ, ื”ื ื—ืชื™ ืืช ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื‘ F / 4. ืื ื”ืœื›ืชื™ ื ืžื•ืš (ืœืžืฉืœ f / 2.8) ืื– ืœื ื›ืœ ื”ืื•ื›ืœ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœื”ืชืžืงื“; ืื ืื ื™ ื”ื•ืœืš ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ (ืœืžืฉืœ f / 5.6) ืื– ืœื ื”ื™ื™ืชื™ ืžืงื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ื˜ืฉื˜ื•ืฉ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื”ืงืฆื•ื•ืช ื•ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžื›ืš ืืช ื”ืงืฆื•ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžืกื’ืจืช ื™ื”ื™ื” ื”ืกื—ืช ื“ืขืช ืž 'ืœื”ืชืžืงื“' ืฉืœ ื”ืชืžื•ื ื”. ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืืคืงื˜ ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ืกื˜ื ื“ืจื˜ื™ ืœื“ื™ื•ืงื ืื•ืช ืฉืœ ืื ืฉื™ื, ืžืฉื•ื ืฉื”ืจืงืข ืžื•ืคืจื“ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื˜ื‘ืขื™ ืžืคื ื™ื• ืฉืœ ื”ื ื•ืฉื.

ืœืื—ืจ ืฉืืžืจ ืืช ื›ืœ ื–ื”, ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื”ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื ื•ืฉื ืฉืœืš ื”ื•ืคืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืคื—ื•ืช ืžื•ืชืจื•ืช ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ื ืžืฆื ื‘ืื•ืจ ื ืžื•ืš. ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื™ื•ื ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื›ืœ ืฆืžืฆื ืฉืืชื” ืื•ื”ื‘. ืื‘ืœ ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ื‘ืคื ื™ื - ืื• ืžื•ืงื“ื ื‘ื‘ื•ืงืจ ืื• ื‘ืœื™ืœื” - ืชืฆื˜ืจืš ืœื”ื•ืจื™ื“ ืืช ืžืกืคืจ ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืืคืฉืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืื•ืจ ืคื ื™ืžื” ืื– ื‘ืจื’ืข ืฉื‘ื—ืจืช ืืช ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื”ืจืฆื•ื™ ืœื ื•ืฉื ื•ืื– ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืืช ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื”ืžื•ืฆื’ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืžืฆืœืžื”. ื™ื”ื™ื” ืขืœื™ืš ืœื”ืงื˜ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืžืกืคืจ (ืœืžืฉืœ ืž F / 22 ืœ F / 16) ืื ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื ืžื•ื›ื” ืž 1 / 60th ืฉืœ ืฉื ื™ื™ื” (ืืœื ืื ื›ืŸ ืืชื” ืžืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื—ืฆื•ื‘ื”) ื›ืžื• ื”ื™ื“ ืฉืœืš ืœื ื™ืฆื™ื‘ ืžืกืคื™ืง ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ื˜ืฉื˜ื•ืฉ ื‘ ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื–ื•. ืœื—ืœื•ืคื™ืŸ, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ื’ื“ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ื’ื“ืจืช ื”- ISO (ืจืื” ืœื”ืœืŸ). (ื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืคืœืืฉ ื›ืžื” ืฉื™ื•ืชืจ).

ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื”ื•ื ื‘ f / 2.8 (ื”ื ืžื•ืš ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืขื“ืฉื”) ืื– ื”ื’ื“ืœืชื™ ืืช ISO ืœ 6400 ืื—ืจืช ื”ื™ื• ื›ื‘ืจ ืชื ื•ืขื” ืœื˜ืฉื˜ืฉ (ื’'ื™ื™ืžื™ Oehlers ืจื‘ื™ืขื™ื™ื” ืขื ืžื™ื™ื’ืŸ ื•ื•ืฉื™ื ื’ื˜ื•ืŸ, ืžืœื‘ื•ืจืŸ, ืื•ืกื˜ืจืœื™ื”)

.2 ื”ื’ื“ืจืช ISO: ืจื’ื™ืฉ

ื™ืฉื ื ืฉื ื™ ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื™ืฉื ื™ื ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืžื ื™ื” ื”ืกืจื˜. ืจืืฉื™ืช, ื”ื ืจื’ื™ืฉื™ื ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืื•ืจ. ืฉื ื™ืช, ื”ืจื’ื™ืฉื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื™ืฉืŸ ื”ื•ื ืžืชื›ื•ื•ื ืŸ ืขื ื›ืœ ื™ืจื™ื™ื”. (ื‘ืขื™ืงืจื•ืŸ, ื›ื›ืœ ืฉื”- ISO ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื›ืš ื”ื—ื™ื™ืฉืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ืžื”ื™ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื›ืš ืฉื‘ืชื ืื™ื ื›ื”ื™ื ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ื’ื“ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ื’ื“ืจืช ื”- ISO ื•ืœืงื‘ืœ ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ื—ื“ื•ืช ื•ื‘ืจื•ืจื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ. ืžึตืขึทืœ ืฉืœ ืœื”ืงืช ื’ 'ืื–.) ืขื ื”ืกืจื˜, ืืชื” ืžื•ื›ื ืก ืœื’ืœื’ืœ ืฉืœืš 36 ืขื ISO (ืื• ASA) ื“ื™ืจื•ื’ ืฉืœ 100 ื•ืืชื” ื”ื™ื™ืช ืชืงื•ืข ืขื ื”ืจื’ื™ืฉื•ืช ืขื“ ืฉืชืกื™ื™ื ืืช ืจื•ืœ. ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ื‘ืกื“ืจ ืื ื”ืื•ืจ ืœื ื”ืฉืชื ื” ืื• ืฉืืชื” ืœื ื ื›ื ืก ืคื ื™ืžื”, ืื‘ืœ ืจื•ื‘ื ื• ืจื•ืฆื™ื ื’ืžื™ืฉื•ืช ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ.

ืงืฉื” ืื—ื“, ืขื ืฉื ื™ ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื›ื”ื™ื ื•ื‘ื”ื™ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืช ืฉื•ื•ื”. ื‘ื—ืจืชื™ F / 10 ื• 100 ISO, ืื‘ืœ ื”ื™ื™ืชื™ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืงืฆืช ืขื™ื‘ื•ื“ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืขืžื•ื“ื•ืช (ืื‘ืŸ ื˜ื•ืœื•ืŸ, ืงื”ื™ืจ, ืžืฆืจื™ื)

ืฉื•ื‘, ืจื•ื‘ DSLRs ื™ืฉ ISO ืื•ื˜ื•ืžื˜ื™, ืื‘ืœ ืื ื™ ืืฃ ืคืขื ืœื ืžืฆืืชื™ ืืช ื–ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืขื™ืœ. ื”ืขื‘ืจ ืื•ืชื• ืœ- ISO ื™ื“ื ื™. ืื ืืชื” ื‘ื—ื•ืฅ ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื™ื•ื, ืžื ืกื” ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ISO ื ืžื•ืš ื›ื›ืœ ื”ืืคืฉืจ (ืœื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืž 300). ืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ISO ื ืžื•ืš ื›ื™ ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ืžื’ื“ื™ืœ ืืช ISO, ื”ืจืขืฉ ื’ื ืžื’ื‘ื™ืจ. ืจื•ื‘ DSLRs ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื™ืฉ ื”ื’ื“ืจื•ืช ISO ื›ื™ ื™ืขืœื” ืขืœ 10,000, ืื‘ืœ ืืช ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื˜ื™ืคื•ืช ืขื ื›ืœ 1000 ืขืœื™ื™ื”.ื›ืœ ื—ื™ื™ืฉืŸ ื™ืฉ ื™ื—ืก ืื•ืช ืœืจืขืฉ ืฉื•ื ื”, ืื– ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืืชื” ื”ื•ืœืš ืขืœ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ืฉืœืš ืœืงื—ืช ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืื•ืชื• ื“ื‘ืจ ื‘ืื•ืจ ื ืžื•ืš, ื”ื’ื“ืœืช ISO ื‘ื”ื“ืจื’ื” ืขื ื›ืœ ื™ืจื™ื™ื”. ื•ืื– ื–ื•ื ืขืœ ื”ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืืžื•ื“ ื”ื™ื›ืŸ ื”ืจืขืฉ ื”ื•ืคืš ื‘ืœืชื™ ืžืงื•ื‘ืœ ืœืš. ืœื“ืขืช ืืช ื’ื‘ื•ืœื•ืช ื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ืฉืœืš ื‘ืื•ืจ ื ืžื•ืš ืชืฉืคืจ ืืช ื™ื—ืก ื”ืื•ืช ืฉืœืš ืืœ ื’ื ื™ื—ื” ืžืื•ื—ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ.

3. ืฆืžืฆื & ื ืขืœ ืœื”ืชืžืงื“: ืืคืก ืขืœ ื”ื ื•ืฉื

ืื ื™ ืžืขืจื™ืฅ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืœ ืคื•ืงื•ืก ืื•ื˜ื•ืžื˜ื™, ืื‘ืœ ืื ื”ื ื•ืฉื ื”ืขื™ืงืจื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืชืžื•ื ื” ืฉืœืš ื”ื•ื ืœื ื‘ืžืจื›ื– ื”ื”ืจื›ื‘ ืฉืœืš, ืื– ื–ื” ืœื ื™ื”ื™ื” ืžืจื•ื›ื– ืื• ื—ืฉื•ืฃ ื›ืจืื•ื™ ื›ืžื• ื–ื” ืฉื ืืช ื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ืฉืœ ืื•ืจ metering ื•ืžืจื›ื– ืจืฉืช ื”ื•ื ืžืžื•ืงื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ (ื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืขื‘ืจื™ื, ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ืื™ื˜ื™ ื•ื›ื•ืื‘ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื›ืœ ื™ืจื™ื™ื”). ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืชื’ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ื–ื”, ืœื›ื•ื•ืŸ ืืช ืžืจื›ื– ื”ืขื“ืฉื” ืขืœ ื”ื ื•ืฉื ื”ืจืืฉื™ ืฉืœืš ื•ื—ืฆื™ ืœืœื—ื•ืฅ ืขืœ ืฉื—ืจื•ืจ ื”ืชืจื™ืก. ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื”ื ื•ืฉื ืฉืœืš ืžืžื•ืงื“, ื ืขืœ ื”ื’ื“ืจื” ื–ื•. (ืจื•ื‘ DSLRs ื™ืฉ ื›ืคืชื•ืจ ื–ื”, ืื‘ืœ ืื ืฉืœืš ืœื ืื– ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื›ืคืชื•ืจ ืคื•ื ืงืฆื™ื” ืฉืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืงืฆื•ืช ืืช ื”ืžืฉื™ืžื” ื”ื–ืืช. Canon DSLRs ื™ืฉ ืžืขืจื›ืช ื‘ืฉื 'ืื—ื“ ื™ืจื•' ื›ื™ ื ื•ืขืœ ืœื”ืชืžืงื“ ื•ื—ืฉื™ืคื” ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื”ื•ื ื—ืฆื™ ืœื—ืฅ). ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ืืชื” ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ ืœื”ืขื‘ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืžืกื’ืจืช ืœื”ืจื›ื‘ ื”ืจืฆื•ื™ ื•ืœืงื—ืช ืืช ื”ืชืžื•ื ื” ืฉืœืš - DSLR ื—ื›ื ืฉืœืš ื™ื–ื›ื•ืจ ืื™ืคื” ืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื”ืชืžืงื“.

ื”ืกืœ ื”ืงืจื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื“ื’ื™ื ื”ื•ื ืœื ื‘ืžืจื›ื– ื”ืžืกื’ืจืช ืื– ืื ื™ ืžืจื•ื›ื– ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืขืœ ื–ื” ื•ืื– reframed ื”ืจื›ื‘ ื›ืš ืฉื–ื” ื‘ืชื—ืชื™ืช ื”ืชืžื•ื ื”. ืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื” ื”ืจื“ื•ื“ ืžื•ืฉื’ ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช f / 2.8 (ื”ื• ืฆ'ื™ ืžื™ืŸ ืกื™ื˜ื™, ื•ื™ื™ื˜ื ืื)

4. ื”ืชืืžืช ื”ื—ืฉื™ืคื”: ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื‘ืื•ืจ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ

ื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ืœื ืชืžื™ื“ ืžืงื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ื—ืฉื™ืคื” ืฉืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื”. ืœืžืขืฉื” ื–ื” ืขื•ืฉื” ืœืขืชื™ื ื ื“ื™ืจื•ืช. ืื•ืจ ื”ืฉืžืฉ ื•ืื•ืจ ืžืœืื›ื•ืชื™ ื™ืฉ ื“ืงื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช, ื•ื›ืœ ืื“ื ื™ื”ื™ื” ื”ืขื“ืคื•ืช ื”ื—ืฉื™ืคื” ืฉืœื”ื. ืื– DSLRs ืœื‘ื•ื ืขื ืคื™ืฆื•ื™ ื—ืฉื™ืคื”. ืคื™ืฆื•ื™ ื—ืฉื™ืคื” ื”ื•ื ื›ืคืชื•ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ืฉืœืš (ืื• - ืคื—ื•ืช ื ื’ื™ืฉ - ื‘ืชืคืจื™ื˜ ืฉืœื”) ืฉื‘ื• ืืชื” ืœื”ืงื˜ื™ืŸ ืื• ืœื”ื’ื“ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ื—ืฉื™ืคื” ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืจื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืื•ืช ืฉืœืš. ืื ืืชื” ืœื ืžืงื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ื—ืฉื™ืคื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืื– ื”ืฆื‘ืขื™ื ื™ื”ื™ื” ืกื—ื•ื˜ ื•ืคืจื˜ื™ื ื™ืื‘ื“ื• ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื‘ื”ื™ืจื™ื ืื• ื›ื”ื™ื. ืืชื” ืชื”ื™ื” ืžื•ืคืชืข ืขื“ ื›ืžื” ืงืฆืช tweaking ืฉืœ ื”ื—ืฉื™ืคื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ื™ืฉืคืจ ืืช ื”ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœืš.

ืœื“ื•ื’ืžื”, ื”ืชืžื•ื ื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ืชื—ื ืช ื”ืจื›ื‘ืช ืžึตืขึทืœ (ืžืฉืžืืœ) ื”ื•ื ื ืœืงื— ืขื ื”ื’ื“ืจื•ืช ื—ืฉื™ืคื” ื”ืžืคืขืœ. ื”ื™ื™ืชื™ ืžื’ื“ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืฆืžืฆื ืœ- F / 6.3 ื•ื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ื—ืฉื‘ื” ืฉืชื ื•ืขืช ื”ืชืจื™ืก ื”ืื•ืคื˜ื™ืžืœื™ืช ืชื”ื™ื” 1/250 ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื”. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืฉื ื™ (ืžื™ืžื™ืŸ) ืฆืžืฆืžืชื™ ืืช ืคื™ืฆื•ื™ ื”ื—ืฉื™ืคื” ื‘ -1.0, ืฉืฉื™ื ื” ืืช ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืชืจื™ืก ืœ -1 / 500 ืฉืœ ืฉื ื™ื™ื” - ื‘ื—ืฆื™ ื›ืžื•ืช ื”ืื•ืจ ื”ื ื›ื ืกืช. ื”ืชืžื•ื ื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื ืจืื™ืช ื“ื”ื•ื™ื”; ื”ืฉื ื™ ื™ืฉ ืฆื‘ืขื™ื ืขืฉื™ืจื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื ื™ื’ื•ื“ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืชืื™ื ืื•ืจ ื”ืขืจื‘ ื”ืžื•ืงื“ืžื•ืช ื‘ืคื•ืขืœ.

5. ืœื™ืจื•ืช RAW: ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืขื™ื‘ื•ื“ ืฉืœืš ืคืชื•ื—

DSLRs ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื™ืจื•ืช JPEG ืื• TIFF ื”ืžืืคืฉืจ ืœืš ืœื”ื•ืจื™ื“ ืืช ื”ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ืœืžื—ืฉื‘ ื•ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื”ื ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžื™ื™ื“ื™. ืื‘ืœ ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ื™ื•ืจื” ื‘ RAW, ื”ืžื”ื•ื•ื” ืืช ื”ื ืชื•ื ื™ื ื”ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืŸ ื”ื—ื™ื™ืฉืŸ, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื™ื‘ื•ื“ ืžืื•ื—ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ. ืœื“ื•ื’ืžื”, ืื ื”ืชืžื•ื ื” ื”ื™ื ืžืชื—ืช ืื• ืžืขืœ ื—ืฉื•ืฃ ืื– ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช ื”ืขื™ื‘ื•ื“ ืฉืœืš ื™ื”ื™ื” ืžืกื•ื’ืœ ืœืฉืคืจ ืืช ื–ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืืฉืจ ืื ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” JPEG. ืฉื ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืชื•ื›ื ื™ื•ืช ืขื™ื‘ื•ื“ ืชืžื•ื ื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ื”ื Lightroom ื™ื“ื™ Adobe ืฆืžืฆื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืืคืœ.

ืขืฉื™ืชื™ ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉืขืœื•ืœ ืœื˜ืขื•ืช ื›ืืฉืจ ืฆื™ืœืžืชื™ ืืช ื”ืชืžื•ื ื” ืขืœ ื‘ื™ืช ืฉื™ื›ื•ืจ ืฉื™ื›ื•ืจ ื‘ืจื•ืžื. ืœืžื–ืœื™, ืื ื™ ืžื ื™ื— ืืช ื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ืขืœ ืžืชืจืก ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื™ืฉ ื˜ืฉื˜ื•ืฉ ืžื™ื ื™ืžืœื™. ISO ื”ื•ื 100 ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื”ื•ื ืœื ื”ื ืžื•ืš ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืื‘ืœ ืœืงื—ืชื™ ืื•ืชื• RAW ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืื•ื›ืœ ืœืฉื—ื–ืจ ืืช ื”ืชืžื•ื ื” ืงืฆืช (ื‘ื–ื™ืœื™ืงื” di ืกื ื˜ื” ืžืจื™ื” Maggiore, ืจื•ืžื, ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื”)

ื–ื•ื”ื™ ืื•ืชื” ืชืžื•ื ื” ืœืœื ืขื™ื‘ื•ื“

ืžืืจืง ื‘ืจื•ื”ื“ ื”ื•ื ื”ืกืคืจืŸ ืฉืœ Lonely Planet ื•ื”ืื™ืจื•ืขื™ื ื”ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ื™ื. ื”ื•ื ืžื ื”ืœ ืืช ืชื—ืจื•ืช ื”ืฆื™ืœื•ื Lonely Planet ื”ืฉื‘ื•ืขื™ืช.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

add
close