ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ื‘ื”ืจื™ ื˜ื ื–ื ื™ื”

ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ื‘ื”ืจื™ ื˜ื ื–ื ื™ื”

ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ืœื”ื™ื•ืชื• ืื—ื“ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžืคื’ืฉื™ื ืžืงืจื•ื‘ ืขื ืฉื™ืžืคื ื–ื™ื, Mahale ื”ืจื™ื ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™, ื”ืฉื•ื›ืŸ ืขืœ ื—ื•ืฃ ืื’ื Tanganyikan ื‘ืžืขืจื‘ ื˜ื ื–ื ื™ื”, ื”ื•ื ื‘ื”ื—ืœื˜ ืžื“ื”ื™ื. ื”ื”ืจื™ื ื”ืžื™ื•ืขืจื™ื ื™ื•ืจื“ื™ื ืืœ ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืื’ื, ืขื•ืœื” ืคืกื’ืช ื”ืจ Nkungwe ื”ืžื•ื˜ื‘ืขืช ื‘ืขื ื ื™ื, ื‘ืจืงืข ื•ื‘ืžื™ื ืฆืœื•ืœื™ื, ื”ืžืงื™ืคื™ื ืืช ื”ื“ื’ื™ื ืขืœ ืžืคืจืฆื•ื ื™ ื—ื•ืœ ืœื‘ื ื™ื.

ื”ืคืืจืง, ื”ืžืจื•ื—ืง ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื˜ื ื–ื ื™ื” ื•ืื—ื“ ื”ืžืคืชื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื”ื•ื ื‘ืจืืฉ ื•ื‘ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืžืงื“ืฉ ืฉื™ืžืคื ื–ื™ื. ื› -1,700 ืฉื™ืžืคื ื–ื™ื ืžืชื’ื•ืจืจื™ื ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ืฉืœ 1613 ืงืž"ืจ, ืืš ืžื•ืงื“ ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื”ื•ื ืžื™ืžื™ืงืจื” (Mimikere), ืื• ืงื‘ื•ืฆืช "M", ืฉื ืžืฉื›ื” ื›ื‘ืจ ืœืžืขืœื” ืžืืจื‘ืข ืขืฉื•ืจื™ื. ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉื”ืฉื™ืžืคื ื–ื™ื ืฉืœ ืงื‘ื•ืฆืช M ืžื ื•ืฆืœื™ื ื”ื™ื˜ื‘, ืื™ืชื•ืจ ืงืจื•ื‘ื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื™ื ืœื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื ื”ื•ื ื›ืžืขื˜ ืชืžื™ื“ ืืชื’ืจ. ืžื›ื ืกื™ื™ื ืืจื•ื›ื™ื, ืžื’ืคื™ื™ื ื—ื–ืงื™ื, ื›ื•ื‘ืข ื•ืžืกื›ื” ื›ื™ืจื•ืจื’ื™ืช (ืืœื” ืžื•ืคืฆื™ื ืœื›ืœ ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื“ืจื™ื›ื™ ื”ืคืืจืง ื‘ืชื—ื™ืœืช ืžืกืข ืžืขืงื‘) ื•ืžืชื›ื•ื ื ื™ื ืœืื™ื–ื” ื˜ื™ืคื•ืก ืžื˜ืคืก ื•ืžื™ื•ื–ืข ื“ืจืš ืฆืžื—ื™ื™ื” ืฆืคื•ืคื”.

ืืชื” ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ื›ืœ ืฉื™ืžืคื ื–ื™ื ื‘ื ื™ืกื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืฉืœืš, ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ื ื“ื™ืจ ืœื‘ืœื•ืช ื™ื•ืžื™ื™ื ืื• ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ื‘ืคืืจืง ื‘ืœื™ ืœืจืื•ืช ืื—ื“. ื”ื—ื•ื•ื™ื” ืขืฆืžื” ื”ื™ื ืฉื•ื‘ื” ืœื‘: ื›ืžืขื˜ ืœืœื ืื–ื”ืจื”, ืฉื™ืžืคื ื–ื” ืžื‘ืจืš ืขืœ ืคื ื™ืš ืขืœ ื”ืฉื‘ื™ืœ, ื›ืžื” ืื ืฉื™ื ื”ื•ืคื›ื™ื ื’ืœื•ื™ื™ื ื‘ืชื•ืš ืงืจื—ืช ืžืžืฉ ืœืคื ื™ ืื• ื’ื‘ื•ื” ืžืขืœ ื‘ืฆืžืจื•ืช ื”ืขืฆื™ื. ื”ื–ืžืŸ ื ืขืฆืจ, ื•ืืช ืชืงื•ืคืช ืฆืคื™ื™ื” ืฉืœ ืฉืขื” ืื—ืช ืžื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืจืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ื•ื ืžืขืœ ื‘ื”ื‘ื–ืง.

ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืขื•ื ื” ื”ืจื˜ื•ื‘ื”, ืžื ื•ื‘ืžื‘ืจ ืขื“ ืžืื™, ื”ืฉื™ืžืคื ื–ื™ื ืžื‘ืœื™ื ืืช ืจื•ื‘ ื–ืžื ื ื‘ืขืฆื™ื, ื•ืงืฉื” ืœืžืฆื•ื ืื•ืชื. ื‘ืขื™ืฆื•ืžื• ืฉืœ ื”ื’ืฉืžื™ื ืžืžืืจืก ืขื“ ืžืื™, ื”ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื ื”ื•ืคื›ื™ื ืœื‘ื•ืฆื™ื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืœื ื ืขื™ืžื”. ื‘ืขื•ื ืช ื”ื™ื•ื‘ืฉ ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื ื™ื•ื ื™ ืขื“ ืื•ืงื˜ื•ื‘ืจ ื”ืฆืžื—ื™ื™ื” ืคื—ื•ืช ืฆืคื•ืคื” ื•ื”ืฉื™ืžืคื ื–ื™ื ื™ื•ืจื“ื™ื ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืœื™ื“ ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ืื›ืกื ื™ื” ื”ืจืืฉื™ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืื›ื™ืœ.

ื‘ื™ืŸ ืžืกืขื•ืช ื”ืฉื™ืžืคื ื–ื” ืœืžืขืงื‘, ืื’ื ื˜ื ื’ื ื™ื™ืงื” ืžื–ืžื™ืŸ ืฉื ื•ืจืงืœื™ื ื’, ืงื™ืืงื™ื ื• hippo ื•-ืชื—ืงื™ืจ ืชืฆืคื™ืช. ื”ื™ืขืจ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ืื›ืกื ื™ื” ื”ืจืืฉื™ ืžืœื ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื, ืขื ืขื•ืฃ, ืฆื•ืคืจื™ื, ืฉืœื“ื’ื ื™ื ื•ืจื‘ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื›ื•ืœื ื ืจืื• ื‘ืงืœื•ืช ื‘ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ืงืฆืจื™ื. ื‘ืขืจื‘, ื”ื”ื’ื“ืจื” ื”ื™ื ืงืกื•ืžื” ื›ืžื• ื”ืฉืžืฉ ืฉื•ืงืขืช ืขืœ ื”ืจื™ ืงื•ื ื’ื• ื‘ืžืจื—ืง, ืื•ืจื•ืช ื–ืขื™ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืกื™ืจื•ืช ื“ื™ื’ ืžื”ื‘ื”ื‘ื™ื ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ืื’ื.

ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื›ืœ ืžื™ ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื• ื–ืžืŸ ื•ืื ืจื’ื™ื” ื ื•ืกืคื™ื, ื”ืฉื™ื ื”ืžืชื ืฉื ืฉืœ ื”ืจ Nkungwe ื‘ื’ื•ื‘ื” 2462 ืžื˜ืจ ื”ื•ื ื˜ื™ืคื•ืก ืขืœื™ื•ืŸ ื•ืขื•ืฉื” ื”ืจืคืชืงื” ื ืื”. ื‘ื”ืชืื ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื ื”, ื™ื™ืชื›ืŸ ืฉื™ื”ื™ื” ืขืœื™ืš ืœืคืจื•ืฅ ืืช ื“ืจื›ืš ื“ืจืš ื”ื“ืฉื ื’ื‘ื•ื” ืžื‘ืจืฉืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื—ืœืง ืžื”ื˜ื™ืคื•ืก, ืื‘ืœ ืจื™ื—ื•ืง ื•ื“ืžืžื” ื”ื ื ืคืœืื™ื. ืคื™ืœื™ื, ื’ 'ื™ืจืคื•ืช ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืืจื™ื•ืช ืœืฉื•ื˜ื˜ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื”ืžื“ืจื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืžื–ืจื—ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื”ืจ, ื•ื–ื” ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืœื•ื•ื” ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื—ืžื•ืฉ, ืื ื›ื™ ื”ืžืคื’ืฉื™ื ืขื ื—ื™ื•ืช ืืœื” ื”ื ื ื“ื™ืจื™ื. ื ืคื•ืฆื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื ืจื•ื˜ืืŸ ื• ืกื™ื™ื‘ืœ ืื ื˜ื™ืœื•ืคื•ืช, ื“ืจื‘ื ื™ื ื•ืืช warthitous warthog. ืœืืคืฉืจ ื™ื•ืžื™ื™ื ืœื˜ืคืก ื•ื™ื•ื ืื—ื“ ืœื—ื–ื•ืจ Nkungwe ืžื˜ืคืก, ืงืžืคื™ื ื’ ื‘ื“ืจืš, ืื ื›ื™ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืื•ืžืฆืช ืฉืœ ื™ื•ืžื™ื™ื ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ื’ื ืืคืฉืจื™.

ืงื™ื’ื•ืžื”, ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ื”ืงืจื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื ืžืฆืืช ื‘ืžืจื—ืง ืฉืœ ื› -130 ืง"ืž ืฆืคื•ื ื™ืช ืœืžื—ื ื” ืœืื•ืจืš ืฉืคืช ื”ืื’ื, ื•ื”ืจื™ื—ื•ืง ื”ื–ื” ื’ื•ืจื ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืืœ ื”ืคืืจืง ื•ืœื—ืฆื•ืช ืžืžื ื• ืืช ื”ื›ื™ืฃ. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืงื—ืช ื˜ื™ืกืช ื˜ื™ืกืช ืžืชื•ื–ืžื ืช ื˜ื™ืกืช ืžืขืœ ื”ืจื›ืก ื”ืื—ื•ืจื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืจื™ Mahale ืžืืจื•ืฉื” (ืืจื‘ืข ืฉืขื•ืช) ืขื ื–ืื ื˜ืก ืื™ื™ืจ ืื• ืž ื“ืืจ ื ืกืœืื (ืฉืฉ ืฉืขื•ืช) ืขื ืกืคืืจื™ Airlink. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ ืกื™ืจืช ืžื ื•ืข ืž ืงื™ื’ื•ืžื” (ืืจื‘ืข ืขื“ ื—ืžืฉ ืฉืขื•ืช, ื”ืกืคืจ ื“ืจืš ืžื‘ืืœื™ Mbali) ืื• ืžืื’ื ืื’ื ืฉื•ืจ ื‘ื›ืคืจ Kipili, ืžื“ืจื•ื ืœืคืืจืง (5 ืขื“ 6 ืฉืขื•ืช). ืื•ืคืฆื™ื” ื ื™ื ื•ื—ื”, ืื ื›ื™ ื”ืจืคืชืงื ื™ืช, ืชื›ืœื•ืœ ืืช ื”ื”ืœื™ื›ื” ืขืœ ื”ืื’ื ืขืœ ืกืคื™ื ืช ื”ืงื™ื˜ื•ืจ ืฉืœ MV Liemba ืžื–ื™ื’ื•ืžื” (10 ืฉืขื•ืช) ืื• ืžืคื•ืœื•ื ื’ื•, ื–ืžื‘ื™ื” (30 ืฉืขื•ืช) ืœื›ืคืจ ืœื’ื•ืกื” ื”ื–ืขื™ืจ (ืฆืคื•ื ื™ืช ืœืžื—ืœื”), ืžืฉื ื”ื™ื™ืช ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืืจื’ืŸ ื”ืกืขื” ืžืจืืฉ ืขื ืจืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืคืืจืง ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืžืจื—ืง ื”ื ื•ืชืจ (ื›ืฉืขื”) ื›ื“ื™ Mahale. ื‘ืงื‘ื•ืงื™ื ืžื“ืจื’ื” ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืขืœ MV Liemba ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ื–ืžื™ืŸ ื‘ื ืžืœ ืงื™ื’ื•ืžื” ืื• Mpulungu, ืื• ื“ืจืš ื”ืœืฉื›ื” ืฉืœืš.

ื›ื™ื•ื ื™ืฉ ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ืžืขื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ืžืื”ืœ, ืœืื•ืจืš ื›ืœ ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืื’ื: ืžืฉืคื—ืช ื’ืจื™ื™ืกื˜ื•ืง ืžื”ืืœื”, ืžืฉืคื—ืช ืจื•ื‘ื™ื ืกื•ืŸ ื”ืฉื•ื•ื™ืฆืจื™ืช, ืขื ื‘ื ื“ื•ืช ื ืคืœืื•ืช ืฉืœ ืฉืชื™ ืงื•ืžื•ืช ื•ื ื•ืคื™ ื”ืจื™ื; ืžืงื“ืฉ ื—ื•ืฃ Kungwe ืžืงืกื™ื; ื•ืืช ืžื—ื ื” ืคืœื™ื™ื›ืฆ'ืจ ื›ืคืจื™. ืœื—ืœื•ืคื™ืŸ, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืžื—ื ื” ื‘ื•ืฉ ืขื ืžืœื•ื•ื” ืคืืจืง ืจื™ื™ื ื’ 'ืจ, ืื• ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ืขืœ ื”ืคืืจืง ืžื ื•ื”ืœ ื”ืชืงืฆื™ื‘ ืžื ื•ืกื” ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ืžื ื’ื• ืขืฅ Bandas.

ื“ืžื™ ื”ื›ื ื™ืกื” ื‘ืคืืจืง ื”ืจื™ ืžืื”ืืœื” ื”ื 80 ื“ื•ืœืจ ืœืžื‘ื•ื’ืจ ื‘ื™ื•ื, ื•ื“ืžื™ ื ืกื™ืขื” ื”ื 20 ื“ื•ืœืจ ืœืงื‘ื•ืฆืช ื˜ื™ื•ืœ. ืื™ืŸ ื“ืžื™ ื”ื™ืชืจ ื ื•ืกืคื™ื.

ืฉืชืฃ:

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